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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017374/prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-their-risk-factors-among-female-sex-workers-in-isfahan-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maryam Nasirian, Sina Kianersi, Shervin Ghaffari Hoseini, Nazila Kassaian, Majid Yaran, Parisa Shoaei, Behrooz Ataei, Reza Fadaei, Marjan Meshkati, Alireza Emami Naeini, Mojtaba Rostami Jalilian
OBJECTIVES: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at high risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and form a core group to facilitate STI spreading. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of STIs among FSWs who attended Female Harm Reduction Center of Isfahan, Iran, and to determine the association between risky behaviors and STIs. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 99 FSWs were recruited and interviewed about demographic characteristics and risky behaviors. A trained midwife examined FSWs for genital ulcer, abnormal vaginal discharge, and cervicitis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991519/association-between-binge-drug-use-and-suicide-attempt-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#2
Charles Fournier, Maykel Farag Ghabrash, Adelina Artenie, Elise Roy, Geng Zang, Julie Bruneau, Didier Jutras Aswad
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) have an elevated risk of suicide attempt. While different substances are associated with suicide attempt, the overall risk posed by binge behavior, a high risk pattern of drug use, remains unclear. Our objective is to assess the association between binge drug use and suicide attempt in a prospective cohort of PWID in Montreal, Canada. METHODS: Participants answered a biannual interviewer-administered questionnaire compiling information on sociodemographics, pattern of substance use (cocaine, amphetamine, opioids, sedative-hypnotics, alcohol and cannabis), psychosocial stressors and related markers...
October 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#3
Lena Lange, Barbara Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
October 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876303/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-intention-among-female-sex-workers-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#4
Elske Marra, Laura van Dam, Niki Kroone, Marianne Craanen, Gregory D Zimet, Titia Heijman, Arjan A Hogewoning, Gerard J B Sonder, Henry J C de Vries, Catharina J Alberts, Theo G W M Paulussen, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff
INTRODUCTION: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced diseases but are currently not targeted by the HPV vaccination program in the Netherlands. We explored determinants of their intention to get vaccinated against HPV in case vaccination would be offered to them. METHODS: In 2016, FSWs 18 years and older having a sexually transmitted infection consultation with the Prostitution & Health Center (P&G292) in Amsterdam, either at the clinic or at their working location, were invited to complete a questionnaire assessing sociopsychological determinants of HPV vaccination intention (scale ranging from -3 to +3)...
July 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836184/grand-theft-auto-is-a-sandbox-game-but-there-are-weapons-criminals-and-prostitutes-in-the-sandbox-response-to-ferguson-and-donnellan-2017
#5
EDITORIAL
Alessandro Gabbiadini, Brad J Bushman, Paolo Riva, Luca Andrighetto, Chiara Volpato
In this issue, (Ferguson, C. J., & Donnellan, B. D., Journal of Youth and and Adolescence, published online 21 June 2017) criticize one of our studies (Gabbiadini, A., Riva, P., Andrighetto, L., Volpato, C., & Bushman, B. J., PLoS ONE, 11: 1-14, 2016) that found violent sexist video games can reduce empathy for female violence victims in male players who identify with violent male game characters, and do so by increasing masculine beliefs. Their main criticism is a "straw person" argument built on a claim that we never made (i...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793341/effects-of-implementing-the-act-of-prohibition-on-sex-trafficking-on-female-sex-workers-sexually-transmitted-infections
#6
Minsoo Jung
This study investigated the effect of implementing the act of prohibition on sex trafficking (PST) on sexually transmitted disease (STD) infections among South Korean female sex workers (FSWs) working at prostitution blocks. Research data were collected twice through the Korean government-sanctioned survey for female sex workers (1st wave = 1,083; 2nd wave = 926). We examined the associations among health behavior, working conditions, and the effect of PST act via hierarchical logistic regression analyses using propensity score matching...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747104/indigenous-australian-women-s-colonial-sexual-intimacies-positioning-indigenous-women-s-agency
#7
Corrinne Tayce Sullivan
Colonialist views of Indigenous bodies and sexualities continue to affect Indigenous peoples worldwide. For Indigenous Australians, this burden has resulted in repression and oppression of power, sex and desire. Focusing on the sexual intimacies of Indigenous Australian women, this paper provides an account of the dominant Australian historical discourses, finding that Indigenous women were viewed as exotic, erotic, something to be desired, yet simultaneously something to be feared. Our sexualities were described as savage, promiscuous and primitive and we were often viewed as prostitutes with our voices and views constrained by patriarchal and imperial regimes of power...
July 27, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718489/-profile-of-transvestites-and-transgender-women-tuberculosis-and-hiv-aids-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#8
Sérgio Ferreira, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Péricles Alves Nogueira
Objective: To characterize the profile of transvestites and transgender women participating in a survey regarding tuberculosis and HIV/Aids in the city of São Paulo. Method: This cross-sectional study employed the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) questionnaire adapted for data collection. Sociodemographic aspects as well as aspects related to history of imprisonment, process of gender transition, use of condoms, previous treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis and knowledge regarding HIV/Aids were addressed...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684777/optimizing-sentinel-surveillance-in-temporal-network-epidemiology
#9
Yuan Bai, Bo Yang, Lijuan Lin, Jose L Herrera, Zhanwei Du, Petter Holme
To help health policy makers gain response time to mitigate infectious disease threats, it is essential to have an efficient epidemic surveillance. One common method of disease surveillance is to carefully select nodes (sentinels, or sensors) in the network to report outbreaks. One would like to choose sentinels so that they discover the outbreak as early as possible. The optimal choice of sentinels depends on the network structure. Studies have addressed this problem for static networks, but this is a first step study to explore designing surveillance systems for early detection on temporal networks...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553000/psychosocial-stress-course-of-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-the-context-of-the-provision-of-sexual-services
#10
Elisabeth Simoes, Johannes Gostomzyk, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Joachim Graf
Introduction There has been very little medical research into pregnancies which occur in the context of prostitution, even though the associated health risks for mother and child, e.g. violence or maternal drug abuse, are well known. The aim of this study was to compile and summarize what is known (inter-)nationally about this topic and identify key points of support as part of a uniform standard of healthcare in pregnancy. Material and Methods A selective search of the literature was done in Pubmed and Livivo/Medpilot and in the databases NIH, Cochrane, DARE, NHSEED and HTA on the factors influencing preterm delivery...
April 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541241/stigma-and-self-esteem-a-case-of-hiv-positive-sex-workers
#11
G Kalemi, S Gkioka, P Tsapatsari, G Tzeferakos, T Kandri, M L Psarra, F Konstantopoulou, A Douzenis
Stigma associated with sex work and HIV can be easily recognized in public reactions towards the members of discriminated groups. Nevertheless, there are only a few studies examining the impact of discrimination to the self-esteem of individuals who suffer the coexistence of multiple stigmatizing conditions. In our case, the unprecedented stigmatization of sex workers through the media as a menace of public health as well as criminals due to their seropositivity should be examined with respect and scientificity...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#12
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531654/seattle-s-law-enforcement-assisted-diversion-lead-program-effects-on-recidivism-outcomes
#13
Susan E Collins, Heather S Lonczak, Seema L Clifasefi
Drug users and dealers frequently cycle through the criminal justice system in what is sometimes referred to as a "revolving door." Arrest, incarceration and prosecution have not deterred this recidivism. Seattle's Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program was established to divert these individuals to case management and supportive services instead of jail and prosecution. A nonrandomized controlled evaluation was conducted to examine LEAD effects on criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests, criminal charges)...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503303/a-study-on-hiv-syphilis-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-republic-of-congo
#14
Fabien Roch Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Franck Fortuné Mboussou, Edith Sophie Kombo Bayonne, Florian Michael Kouckodila Nzingoula, Louis Regis Dossou-Yovo, Igor Louzolo, Mandingha Kosso Etoka-Beka, Achile Lanzy, Irène Yameogo, Davy Louvouezo, Simon Charles Kobawila, Marie-Francke Puruhence, Henri Joseph Parra
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are considered to be at high risk for transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and are defined as a priority of the national HIV/AIDS response in the Republic of Congo (RoC). However, no data are available regarding STIs in this group. This study aimed to determine the prevalences of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B and C among FSWs in five cities in the country. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2(nd) 2011 to May 15(th) 2012...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482251/an-initial-exploration-of-prostitution-of-boys-in-the-west-african-region
#15
Charles Hounmenou
There is limited research on child prostitution in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly as it relates to boys. An international research study on child prostitution was conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. A descriptive, cross-sectional research design with a survey method was used to collect data. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants. A total of 709 children in prostitution participated in the study, including 261 girls in Benin, 243 girls in Burkina Faso, and 192 girls and 13 boys in Niger...
July 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468110/-brief-history-of-the-first-hospital-of-harbin-city-1913-2013
#16
Y Ji, Z P Li
In 1913, after the Russian Prostitutes Sanatorium of Harbin Eastern Railway was received by the board of directors, they established the "Harbin City Board Hospital" and funded its expansion. In March 1926, the provisional Committee of the Harbin autonomous renamed the "City Board of First Hospital" to "The Public Hospital" . In November 1926, "The Public Hospital" was renamed as "Harbin Special Municipal Hospital" by the Harbin City Council and further funds were invested in its construction. In 1931, the Japanese invaded Northeast China, and controlled the "City Hospital" ...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427370/child-sex-tourism-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-its-use-in-a-german-community-sample
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Thula Koops, Daniel Turner, Janina Neutze, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of child sex tourism (CST) in a large German community sample, and to compare those who made use of CST with other child sexual abusers regarding established characteristics and risk factors for child sexual abuse. METHODS: Adult German men were recruited through a German market research panel and questioned by means of an anonymous online survey. Group assignment was accomplished based on information on previous sexual contacts with children and previous use of CST...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#18
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#19
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107164/decreasing-human-trafficking-through-sex-work-decriminalization
#20
Erin Albright, Kate D'Adamo
In order to decrease human trafficking, health care workers should support the full decriminalization of prostitution. Similar to trafficking in other forms of labor, preventing trafficking in the sex trade requires addressing the different forms of marginalization that create vulnerable communities. By removing punitive laws that prevent reporting of exploitation and abuse, decriminalization allows sex workers to work more safely, thereby reducing marginalization and vulnerability. Decriminalization can also help destigmatize sex work and help resist political, social, and cultural marginalization of sex workers...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
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