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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432204/relationship-between-adaptation-and-self-esteem-in-addicted-female-prisoners-in-the-south-east-of-iran
#1
Mahya Torkaman, Sakineh Miri, Jamileh Farokhzadian
Background Reduction of the adaptation and self-esteem can be the consequence of opium addiction and imprisonment. Drug use causes inappropriate behaviors in women, which are quite different from those in men. Social deviations, prostitution, high-risk sexual behaviors, abortion, divorce and imprisonment followed by loss of self-esteem are the consequences of women's addiction. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between adaptation and self-esteem in addicted female prisoners. Methods In this descriptive analytical study, 130 addicted female prisoners were selected from a prison in the south east of Iran using census sampling...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406763/-surrogacy-in-maternity-a-depersonalising-human-relationship-phenomenology
#2
Antonio Casciano
Ethical and bioethical problems, which are typical of the practice of surrogate motherhood, refer to its protagonists: the couple that orders it, due to its demand to satisfy the desire of paternity and maternity and the promptness of having a female body to fulfill its aspirations; the expectant mother, and the physical and psychic repercussions coming from the role performed in the surrogacy contract, as well as the risks of manipulation and exploitation, related to her position; the baby and his right to grow counting on the certainty of his parental relationships and on the preservation of his emotional balance...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374407/increased-risk-of-penile-cancer-among-men-working-in-agriculture
#3
Porfírio Fernandes de Medeiros Júnior, Eugênio Henrique Vilela Silva, Kelvin Leite Moura, Yasmin Fernandes de Aquino, Mathias Weller
Background: Previous Brazilian studies have indicated that working in agriculture could lead to an increased risk of penile cancer. The present descriptive study aimed at establishing a possible association between penile cancer and agricultural occupation. Materials and methods: Data on a total of 103 penile cancer patients were obtained from medical records of two reference centres for cancer treatment in the state of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil. Information about sexual behaviour was obtained in interviews for 48 cases...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346001/strategies-and-challenges-in-preventing-violence-against-canadian-indoor-sex-workers
#4
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334757/high-prevalence-of-non-b-hiv-1-subtypes-in-overseas-sailors-and-prostitutes-in-korea
#5
Young-Keol Cho, Jung Eun Kim, Brian Thomas Foley
There have been no studies related to groups at the highest risk for HIV-1 infection in Korea before 1993. Here, for the first time, we report the distribution of HIV subtypes in overseas sailors (OSs), and prostitutes who worked in brothels near US military bases in Korea. We retrospectively determined the sequences of nef in 131 patients using RT-PCR. These patients comprised of 102 OSs, 14 OS spouses, and 15 prostitutes. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using 128 Korean OSs, OS spouses, and prostitutes...
January 15, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328906/importance-of-information-provision-in-the-acceptance-of-blood-donation-criteria-by-the-general-public-in-belgium
#6
Bert Avau, Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Veerle Compernolle
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusions save lives, but carry the risk of causing transfusion-transmitted diseases. This risk is limited by strict donor selection criteria, the most controversial being the exclusion of men who had sex with men (MSM). This cross-sectional study investigated knowledge and beliefs of the general public concerning donor exclusion criteria, with emphasis on MSM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample of the population of Flanders, Belgium was questioned using a web-based questionnaire...
November 27, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305773/usage-of-the-terms-prostitution-sex-work-transactional-sex-and-survival-sex-their-utility-in-hiv-prevention-research
#7
Karen McMillan, Heather Worth, Patrick Rawstorne
This article considers the terms prostitution, sex work, transactional sex, and survival sex, the logic of their deployment and utility to research concerned with people who are paid for sex, and HIV. The various names for paid sex in HIV research are invested in strategically differentiated positionings of people who receive payment and emphasize varying degrees of choice. The terminologies that seek to distinguish a range of economically motivated paid sex practices from sex work are characterized by an emphasis on the local and the particular, efforts to evade the stigma attached to the labels sex worker and prostitute, and an analytic prioritizing of culture...
January 5, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214965/is-paid-surrogacy-a-form-of-reproductive-prostitution-a-kantian-perspective
#8
Tatiana Patrone
This article reexamines the "prostitution objection" to paid surrogacy, and argues that rebuttals to this objection fail to focus on surrogates as embodied persons. This failure is based on the false distinction between "selling one's reproductive services" and "selling one's body." To ground the analysis of humans as embodied persons, this article uses Kant's late ethical theory, which develops the conceptual framework for understanding human beings as embodied selves. Literature on surrogacy commonly emphasizes that all Kantian duties heed to the categorical prohibition to treat persons as mere means...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210471/child-maltreatment-problem-behaviors-and-neighborhood-attainment
#9
Preeti Chauhan, Amie M Schuck, Cathy Spatz Widom
Using data from a prospective cohort design study of a group of children with documented histories of abuse and neglect (n = 908) and matched controls (n = 667), this paper examines whether problem behaviors (e.g., prostitution, crime, school problems, and homelessness) in young adulthood explain the link between maltreatment in childhood and living in high-risk neighborhoods in middle adulthood. Problem behaviors were assessed at mean age of 29 and neighborhood characteristics were assessed at mean age of 40...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185827/eugenics-medicine-and-psychiatry-in-peru
#10
Santiago Stucchi-Portocarrero
Eugenics was defined by Galton as 'the science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race'. In Peru, eugenics was related to social medicine and mental hygiene, in accordance with the neo-Lamarckian orientation, that predominated in Latin America. Peruvian eugenists assumed the mission of fighting hereditary and infectious diseases, malnutrition, alcoholism, drug addiction, prostitution, criminality and everything that threatened the future of the 'Peruvian race'. There were some enthusiastic advocates of 'hard' eugenic measures, such as forced sterilization and eugenic abortion, but these were never officially implemented in Peru (except for the compulsory sterilization campaign during the 1995-2000 period)...
November 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176084/a-child-s-right-to-be-well-born-venereal-disease-and-the-eugenic-marriage-laws-1913-1935
#11
Paul A Lombardo
An extensive literature describes the legal impact of America's eugenics movement, and the laws mandating sterilization, restriction of marriage by race, and ethnic bans on immigration. But little scholarship focuses on the laws adopted in more than 40 states that were commonly referred to as "eugenic marriage laws." Those laws conditioned marriage licenses on medical examinations and were designed to save innocent women from lives of misery, prevent stillbirth or premature death in children, and save future generations from the myriad afflictions that accompanied "venereal infection...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166195/the-experience-of-young-women-living-in-a-prostitution-area-in-maintaining-their-reproductive-health
#12
Vonyca Dovis, Setyowati, Wiwit Kurniawati
Young women face a difficult situation when they live in a prostitution area or red light district. A phenomenological approach was applied to explore the experiences in maintaining reproductive health of 10 young women living in the prostitution area in Lampung, one of the provinces in Sumatra. Thematic content analysis found 7 themes including: (1) The participants' perception of prostitution as a place of naughty women and free sexual activity that can transmit STDs and influence adolescent psychology; (2) The ways the participants kept their reproductive organs healthy were through maintaining friendships, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding free sexual activity, eating healthy food, and having routine medical checkups; (3) Information support was gained from family, health workers, media, and teachers; (4) Emotional support from family and friends; (5) Barriers to maintaining good health were inaccessible health facilities and an underfunded health service; (6) The needs of the participants were reproductive health services and clean environment; (7) The participants hoped for health education and intensive health services with friendly nurses...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148837/prostitution-stigma-and-its-effect-on-the-working-conditions-personal-lives-and-health-of-sex-workers
#13
Cecilia Benoit, S Mikael Jansson, Michaela Smith, Jackson Flagg
Researchers have shown that stigma is a fundamental determinant of behavior, well-being, and health for many marginalized groups, but sex workers are notably absent from their analyses. This article aims to fill the empirical research gap on sex workers by reviewing the mounting evidence of stigmatization attached to sex workers' occupation, often referred to as "prostitution" or "whore" stigma. We give special attention to its negative effect on the working conditions, personal lives, and health of sex workers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101302/disability-sex-rights-and-the-scope-of-sexual-exclusion
#14
Alida Liberman
In response to three papers about sex and disability published in this journal, I offer a critique of existing arguments and a suggestion about how the debate should be reframed going forward. Jacob M. Appel argues that disabled individuals have a right to sex and should receive a special exemption to the general prohibition of prostitution. Ezio Di Nucci and Frej Klem Thomsen separately argue contra Appel that an appeal to sex rights cannot justify such an exemption. I argue that Appel's argument fails, but not (solely) for the reasons Di Nucci and Thomsen propose, as they have missed the most pressing objection to Appel's argument: Appel falsely presumes that we never have good reasons to restrict someone's sexual liberty rights...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017374/prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-their-risk-factors-among-female-sex-workers-in-isfahan-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Maryam Nasirian, Sina Kianersi, Shervin Ghaffari Hoseini, Nazila Kassaian, Majid Yaran, Parisa Shoaei, Behrooz Ataei, Reza Fadaei, Marjan Meshkati, Alireza Emami Naeini, Mojtaba Rostami Jalilian
OBJECTIVES: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at high risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and form a core group to facilitate STI spreading. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of STIs among FSWs who attended Female Harm Reduction Center of Isfahan, Iran, and to determine the association between risky behaviors and STIs. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 99 FSWs were recruited and interviewed about demographic characteristics and risky behaviors. A trained midwife examined FSWs for genital ulcer, abnormal vaginal discharge, and cervicitis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991519/association-between-binge-drug-use-and-suicide-attempt-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#16
Charles Fournier, Maykel Farag Ghabrash, Adelina Artenie, Elise Roy, Geng Zang, Julie Bruneau, Didier Jutras Aswad
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) have an elevated risk of suicide attempt. Although different substances are associated with suicide attempt, the overall risk posed by binge behavior, a high-risk pattern of drug use, remains unclear. The objective of this study is to assess the association between binge drug use and suicide attempt in a prospective cohort of PWID in Montreal, Canada. METHODS: Participants answered a biannual interviewer-administered questionnaire compiling information on sociodemographics, pattern of substance use (cocaine, amphetamine, opioids, sedative-hypnotics, alcohol, and cannabis), and psychosocial stressors and related markers...
October 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#17
Lena Lange, Barbara Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
October 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876303/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-intention-among-female-sex-workers-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#18
Elske Marra, Laura van Dam, Niki Kroone, Marianne Craanen, Gregory D Zimet, Titia Heijman, Arjan A Hogewoning, Gerard J B Sonder, Henry J C de Vries, Catharina J Alberts, Theo G W M Paulussen, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff
INTRODUCTION: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced diseases but are currently not targeted by the HPV vaccination program in the Netherlands. We explored determinants of their intention to get vaccinated against HPV in case vaccination would be offered to them. METHODS: In 2016, FSWs 18 years and older having a sexually transmitted infection consultation with the Prostitution & Health Center (P&G292) in Amsterdam, either at the clinic or at their working location, were invited to complete a questionnaire assessing sociopsychological determinants of HPV vaccination intention (scale ranging from -3 to +3)...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836184/grand-theft-auto-is-a-sandbox-game-but-there-are-weapons-criminals-and-prostitutes-in-the-sandbox-response-to-ferguson-and-donnellan-2017
#19
EDITORIAL
Alessandro Gabbiadini, Brad J Bushman, Paolo Riva, Luca Andrighetto, Chiara Volpato
In this issue, (Ferguson, C. J., & Donnellan, B. D., Journal of Youth and and Adolescence, published online 21 June 2017) criticize one of our studies (Gabbiadini, A., Riva, P., Andrighetto, L., Volpato, C., & Bushman, B. J., PLoS ONE, 11: 1-14, 2016) that found violent sexist video games can reduce empathy for female violence victims in male players who identify with violent male game characters, and do so by increasing masculine beliefs. Their main criticism is a "straw person" argument built on a claim that we never made (i...
December 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793341/effects-of-implementing-the-act-of-prohibition-on-sex-trafficking-on-female-sex-workers-sexually-transmitted-infections
#20
Minsoo Jung
This study investigated the effect of implementing the act of prohibition on sex trafficking (PST) on sexually transmitted disease (STD) infections among South Korean female sex workers (FSWs) working at prostitution blocks. Research data were collected twice through the Korean government-sanctioned survey for female sex workers (1st wave = 1,083; 2nd wave = 926). We examined the associations among health behavior, working conditions, and the effect of PST act via hierarchical logistic regression analyses using propensity score matching...
2017: PloS One
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