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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553000/psychosocial-stress-course-of-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-the-context-of-the-provision-of-sexual-services
#1
Elisabeth Simoes, Johannes Gostomzyk, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Joachim Graf
Introduction There has been very little medical research into pregnancies which occur in the context of prostitution, even though the associated health risks for mother and child, e.g. violence or maternal drug abuse, are well known. The aim of this study was to compile and summarize what is known (inter-)nationally about this topic and identify key points of support as part of a uniform standard of healthcare in pregnancy. Material and Methods A selective search of the literature was done in Pubmed and Livivo/Medpilot and in the databases NIH, Cochrane, DARE, NHSEED and HTA on the factors influencing preterm delivery...
April 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541241/stigma-and-self-esteem-a-case-of-hiv-positive-sex-workers
#2
G Kalemi, S Gkioka, P Tsapatsari, G Tzeferakos, T Kandri, M L Psarra, F Konstantopoulou, A Douzenis
Stigma associated with sex work and HIV can be easily recognized in public reactions towards the members of discriminated groups. Nevertheless, there are only a few studies examining the impact of discrimination to the self-esteem of individuals who suffer the coexistence of multiple stigmatizing conditions. In our case, the unprecedented stigmatization of sex workers through the media as a menace of public health as well as criminals due to their seropositivity should be examined with respect and scientificity...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#3
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531654/seattle-s-law-enforcement-assisted-diversion-lead-program-effects-on-recidivism-outcomes
#4
Susan E Collins, Heather S Lonczak, Seema L Clifasefi
Drug users and dealers frequently cycle through the criminal justice system in what is sometimes referred to as a "revolving door." Arrest, incarceration and prosecution have not deterred this recidivism. Seattle's Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program was established to divert these individuals to case management and supportive services instead of jail and prosecution. A nonrandomized controlled evaluation was conducted to examine LEAD effects on criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests, criminal charges)...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503303/a-study-on-hiv-syphilis-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-republic-of-congo
#5
Fabien Roch Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Franck Fortuné Mboussou, Edith Sophie Kombo Bayonne, Florian Michael Kouckodila Nzingoula, Louis Regis Dossou-Yovo, Igor Louzolo, Mandingha Kosso Etoka-Beka, Achile Lanzy, Irène Yameogo, Davy Louvouezo, Simon Charles Kobawila, Marie-Francke Puruhence, Henri Joseph Parra
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are considered to be at high risk for transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and are defined as a priority of the national HIV/AIDS response in the Republic of Congo (RoC). However, no data are available regarding STIs in this group. This study aimed to determine the prevalences of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B and C among FSWs in five cities in the country. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2(nd) 2011 to May 15(th) 2012...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482251/an-initial-exploration-of-prostitution-of-boys-in-the-west-african-region
#6
Charles Hounmenou
There is limited research on child prostitution in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly as it relates to boys. An international research study on child prostitution was conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. A descriptive, cross-sectional research design with a survey method was used to collect data. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants. A total of 709 children in prostitution participated in the study, including 261 girls in Benin, 243 girls in Burkina Faso, and 192 girls and 13 boys in Niger...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468110/-brief-history-of-the-first-hospital-of-harbin-city-1913-2013
#7
Y Ji, Z P Li
In 1913, after the Russian Prostitutes Sanatorium of Harbin Eastern Railway was received by the board of directors, they established the "Harbin City Board Hospital" and funded its expansion. In March 1926, the provisional Committee of the Harbin autonomous renamed the "City Board of First Hospital" to "The Public Hospital" . In November 1926, "The Public Hospital" was renamed as "Harbin Special Municipal Hospital" by the Harbin City Council and further funds were invested in its construction. In 1931, the Japanese invaded Northeast China, and controlled the "City Hospital" ...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427370/child-sex-tourism-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-its-use-in-a-german-community-sample
#8
Thula Koops, Daniel Turner, Janina Neutze, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of child sex tourism (CST) in a large German community sample, and to compare those who made use of CST with other child sexual abusers regarding established characteristics and risk factors for child sexual abuse. METHODS: Adult German men were recruited through a German market research panel and questioned by means of an anonymous online survey. Group assignment was accomplished based on information on previous sexual contacts with children and previous use of CST...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#9
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#10
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107164/decreasing-human-trafficking-through-sex-work-decriminalization
#11
Erin Albright, Kate D'Adamo
In order to decrease human trafficking, health care workers should support the full decriminalization of prostitution. Similar to trafficking in other forms of labor, preventing trafficking in the sex trade requires addressing the different forms of marginalization that create vulnerable communities. By removing punitive laws that prevent reporting of exploitation and abuse, decriminalization allows sex workers to work more safely, thereby reducing marginalization and vulnerability. Decriminalization can also help destigmatize sex work and help resist political, social, and cultural marginalization of sex workers...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107163/should-us-physicians-support-the-decriminalization-of-commercial-sex
#12
Emily F Rothman
According to the World Health Organization, "commercial sex" is the exchange of money or goods for sexual services, and this term can be applied to both consensual and nonconsensual exchanges. Some nonconsensual exchanges qualify as human trafficking. Whether the form of commercial sex that is also known as prostitution should be decriminalized is being debated contentiously around the world, in part because the percentage of commercial sex exchanges that are consensual as opposed to nonconsensual, or trafficked, is unknown...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099654/meanings-and-vulnerability-to-hiv-aids-among-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-brazil
#13
Laio Magno, Marcelo Eduardo Pfeiffer Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings assigned by long-distance truck drivers to HIV/AIDS and its transmission and prevention, bearing in mind different contexts of vulnerability. METHODS: Qualitative research with 22 truck drivers. Semi-structured interviews and participant observation were conducted in highways of the state of Bahia in 2013. We selected male truck drivers, with one year or more of work experience in long-distance routes. We carried out the thematic analysis of the interviews, to identify different contexts of vulnerability...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076533/similarities-and-differences-in-crack-cocaine-use-patterns-in-santa-catarina-brazil-capital-vs-midwest
#14
Maria Terezinha Zeferino, Vivian Costa Fermo, Marcelo Brandt Fialho, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Crack cocaine has been a major public health problem in Brazil due to the individual and social harms and risks deriving from its use. This article aims to assess the characteristics of drug scenes in the capital and Midwest of Santa Catarina state. The project used the Time-Location Sampling. Between January and June 2011, 41 crack cocaine scenes were mapped in capital of Santa Catarina, whereas 33 were mapped in the Midwest of that state. Such scenes were randomly selected to be observed, as well as their days and shifts (time periods/day) for in-depth observation...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855425/prostitution-as-a-psychiatric-situation-ethical-aspects
#15
Danijela Tiosavljević, Slavica Djukić-Dejanović, Karel Turza, Aleksandar Jovanović, Vida Jeremić
This paper presents the morally controversial phenomenon of prostitution. As the basis for contemplating the prostitution issue the most important is revealing and understanding its primitive ethical root. For understanding its "soul", its essence, also important is comprehending sexual, "elementary thoughts" of mankind, through the relationship between prostitution and religious, social, political and spiritual life, and its nature as a reflection of the sexual-ethical concepts in different epochs and nations...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807207/defining-and-predicting-pimps-coerciveness-toward-sex-workers-socialization-processes
#16
Loretta J Stalans, Mary A Finn
Prior research has found that pimps use both non-coercive and coercive management styles across and within market segments of the illicit sex trade. The current study is the first to examine the socialization processes underlying variation in the self-reported coerciveness of pimps. This study begins to fill a void in the almost non-existent research on pimps who are actively managing Internet-solicited sex workers, and adds to the sparse research on pimps' coerciveness. We extend Anderson's concepts of "street code" families, where respect is acquired through displaying physical violence and toughness, and "decent" families, where middle class values of avoiding unnecessary aggression and complying with the law prevail, to understand variation in the degree of coerciveness that pimps utilize toward sex workers...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678412/marriage-markets-and-male-mating-effort-violence-and-crime-are-elevated-where-men-are-rare
#17
Ryan Schacht, Douglas Tharp, Ken R Smith
The negative social outcomes in populations with male-biased sex ratios are a growing concern. In general, the expectation is of heightened violence as a result of excess men engaging in antisocial behavior and crime, thereby threatening societal stability. While intuitive, these claims are largely unsupported in the literature. Using mating market theory as our guide, we examine indicators of male mating effort, including (1) violent competition between men (homicide, aggravated assault) and (2) indicators of uncommitted sexual behavior (rape, sex offenses, and prostitution)...
December 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671950/-mouth-wide-shut-strategies-of-female-sex-workers-for-coping-with-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Alicia Puente-Martínez, Silvia Ubillos-Landa, Marina García-Zabala, Darío Páez-Rovira
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between possible violence suffered by female sex workers in their intimate relationships, with their affects, coping strategies, and emotional regulation to overcome such violence and improve their well-being. Structured personal interviews were carried out with female sex workers in three different settings: street, club, and flats. The sample was composed of 137 Spanish female sex workers (85.4% are foreign and 20% Spanish-born sex workers). High levels of tension and problems with their partners were linked to an affective imbalance and poor well-being...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639045/-anthropology-of-the-individual-sex-and-race-in-the-works-of-fran-gundrum-oriov%C3%A4-anin-1856-1919
#19
Martin Kuhar, Stella Fatović-Ferenčić
By analysing his unpublished and published works, we have identified anthropological elements in the studies of Croatian physician Fran Gundrum Oriovčanin (1856-1919) that distinguish him as one of the rare researchers in Croatia who attempted to synthesize cultural and biological anthropology. Gundrum collected comparative data on biological characteristics of various ethnic groups, searched for a connection between biological structures and cultural development, and assessed certain social facts and customs from the perspective of medical teleology...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628882/keely-stauter-halsted-the-devil-s-chain-prostitution-and-social-control-in-partitioned-poland-ithaca-ny-cornell-university-press-2015-pp-%C3%A2-380-39-95-cloth-isbn-%C3%A2-10987654321
#20
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