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Chao Zhang, Yao Chen, Xiangdong Gan, Zhiguang Huang, Minji Zou, Wenliang Fu, Weiwei Xing, Donggang Xu
SAK-HV is an anti-atherosclerosis recombinant fusion protein developed by our lab. Our study determined that SAK-HV promoted macrophage proliferation, of which the mechanism was explored by both RAW264.7 cells and primary macrophages. Mass spectrometric analysis and co-immunoprecipitation were combined to screen the SAK-HV-interacting proteins in RAW264.7 cells. Confocal microscopy was adopted to detect the localization of SAK-HV in cells. The results indicated that SAK-HV triggered macrophage proliferation via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) pathways by its SAK-mutant functional domain...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jing Xiong, Jiansha Li, Qin Yang, Jun Wang, Tiefen Su, Sheng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Mouse double minute 2 (MDM2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are important molecules involved in tumor progression. We researched potential inhibitors that simultaneously target MDM2 and VEGF. In our recent study involving the performance of high-throughput screening with a fluorescence polarization assay, gossypol was identified as one of the top hits that inhibit protein-RNA binding activity. Because MDM2 is an RNA-binding protein and its targets include VEGF mRNA, we investigated whether gossypol has an inhibitory effect on MDM2-VEGF...
March 9, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Naoe T Nihira, Kohei Ogura, Kouhei Shimizu, Brian J North, Jinfang Zhang, Daming Gao, Hiroyuki Inuzuka, Wenyi Wei
Abnormal activation of the oncogenic E3 ubiquitin ligase murine double minute 2 (MDM2) is frequently observed in human cancers. By ubiquitinating the tumor suppressor p53 protein, which leads to its proteasome-mediated destruction, MDM2 limits the tumor-suppressing activity of p53. On the other hand, by ubiquitinating itself, MDM2 targets itself for destruction and promotes the p53 tumor suppressor pathway, a process that can be antagonized by the deubiquitinase herpesvirus-associated ubiquitin-specific protease (HAUSP)...
February 14, 2017: Science Signaling
Mi Young Byun, Li Hua Cui, Tae Kyung Oh, Ye-Jin Jung, Andosung Lee, Ki Youl Park, Bin Goo Kang, Woo Taek Kim
Rice U-box E3 Ub ligases (OsPUBs) are implicated in biotic stress responses. However, their cellular roles in response to abiotic stress are poorly understood. In this study, we performed functional analyses of two homologous OsPUB2 and OsPUB3 in response to cold stress (4°C). OsPUB2 was up-regulated by high salinity, drought, and cold, whereas OsPUB3 was constitutively expressed. A subcellular localization assay revealed that OsPUB2 and OsPUB3 were localized to the exocyst positive organelle (EXPO)-like punctate structures...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Damian Guerra, Sonia M Chapiro, Réjane Pratelli, Shi Yu, Weitao Jia, Julie Leary, Guillaume Pilot, Judy Callis
Intercellular amino acid transport is essential for the growth of all multicellular organisms, and its dysregulation is implicated in developmental disorders. By an unknown mechanism, amino acid efflux is stimulated in plants by overexpression of a membrane-localized protein (GLUTAMINE DUMPER 1 (GDU1)) that requires a ubiquitin ligase (LOSS OF GDU 2 (LOG2). Here we further explore the physiological consequences of the interaction between these two proteins. LOG2 ubiquitin ligase activity is necessary for GDU1-dependent tolerance to exogenous amino acids, and LOG2 self-ubiquitination was markedly stimulated by the GDU1 cytosolic domain, suggesting that GDU1 functions as an adaptor or coactivator of amino acid exporter(s)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Franziska K Zumbrägel, Dominik A Machtens, Ute Curth, Carsten G K Lüder, Thomas F Reubold, Susanne Eschenburg
Survivin inhibits apoptosis in numerous tumor cell lines and has emerged as promising target for cancer therapy. The anti-apoptotic effect of survivin was attributed to a direct interaction with XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) and to an indirect effect, where survivin antagonizes the anti-XIAP action of Smac. The direct interaction is thought to lead to synergistic inhibition of caspase-9 and, at the same time, to enhanced stability of XIAP by reducing its auto-ubiquitination. Using recombinant proteins, we have investigated the influence of survivin on the inhibition of caspase-9 by XIAP in vitro...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kazuhiro Katayama, Chiaki Fujiwara, Kohji Noguchi, Yoshikazu Sugimoto
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a critical determinant of multidrug resistance in cancer. We previously reported that MAPK inhibition downregulates P-gp expression and that P-gp undergoes ubiquitin-proteasomal degradation regulated by UBE2R1 and SCF(Fbx15). Here, we investigated the crosstalk between MAPK inhibition and the ubiquitin-proteasomal degradation of P-gp. Proteasome inhibitors or knockdown of FBXO15 and/or UBE2R1 cancelled MEK inhibitor-induced P-gp downregulation. RSK1 phosphorylated Thr162 on UBE2R1 but did not phosphorylate FBXO15...
October 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Shifeng Su, Xiaoyu Chen, Jiang Geng, John T Minges, Gail Grossman, Elizabeth M Wilson
Melanoma antigen-A11 (MAGE-A11) is a proto-oncogene involved in androgen receptor signaling and androgen-dependent cell growth. In this report we provide evidence that MAGE-A11 interacts with Skp2 (S phase kinase-associated protein), the substrate recognition protein of the Skp1-Cullin1-F-box E3 ubiquitin ligase, and with Skp2 binding protein, cyclin A. A similar cyclin A binding motif in MAGE-A11 and Skp2 was consistent with a competitive relationship between MAGE-A11 and Skp2 in binding cyclin A. Skp2 inhibited MAGE-A11 interaction with cyclin A...
January 5, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
T Liu, J Xiong, S Yi, H Zhang, S Zhou, L Gu, M Zhou
The FK506-binding protein 12 (FKBP12) is a cytoplasmic protein and has been reported to possess multiple functions in signaling transduction based on its interaction with different cellular targets. Here, we report that FKBP12 interacts with oncoprotein MDM2 and induces MDM2 degradation. We demonstrate that FKBP12 degrades MDM2 through binding to MDM2 protein, disrupting MDM2/MDM4 interaction and inducing MDM2 self-ubiquitination. The FKBP12-mediated MDM2 degradation was significantly enhanced when the transfected MDM2 was localized in the cytoplasm...
March 23, 2017: Oncogene
Elena Maspero, Simona Polo
Ubiquitination of proteins in vitro has evolved as an indispensable tool for the functional analysis of this posttranslational modification. In vitro ubiquitination is particularly helpful to study conjugation mechanisms. The efficiency of the ubiquitination reaction depends in part on the quality of the enzymes utilized. Here we introduce the assay developed in our lab to study HECT E3 ligases. It involves bacterially expressed E1, His-tagged Ube2D3 (also called UbcH5c, the best E2 for Nedd4), untagged Nedd4, and untagged ubiquitin (Ub)...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
J Hou, Q Deng, J Zhou, J Zou, Y Zhang, P Tan, W Zhang, H Cui
CSN6, a critical subunit of the constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 (COP9) signalosome (CSN), has received attention as a regulator of the degradation of cancer-related proteins such as p53, c-myc and c-Jun, through the ubiquitin-proteasome system, suggesting its importance in cancerogenesis. However, the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of CSN6 in glioblastoma (GBM) remain poorly understood. Here, we report that GBM tumors overexpressed CSN6 compared with normal brain tissues and that CSN6 promoted GBM cell proliferation, migration, invasion and tumorigenesis...
February 23, 2017: Oncogene
Kamal Kumar Chaudhary, Sarvesh Kumar Gupta, Nidhi Mishra
NEDD-4 are closely related E3 ubiquitin-protein ligases that include a C2 domain, three or four WW domains and a catalytic HECT ubiquitin ligase domain. The WW domains of NEDD-4 proteins recognize substrates for ubiquitination by binding the sequence L/PPxY (the PY-motif) present in target proteins. NEDD-4 functions as a suppressor of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC), which interacts with NEDD-4 WW domains via PY-motifs located at its C-terminus. Fifty compounds, all of them flavanoids, were subjected to molecular docking studies...
March 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
Lei Guo, Li Jiang, Ying Zhang, Xiu-Li Lu, Qi Xie, Dolf Weijers, Chun-Ming Liu
As the start of a new life cycle, activation of the first division of the zygote is a critical event in both plants and animals. Because the zygote in plants is difficult to access, our understanding of how this process is achieved remains poor. Here we report genetic and cell biological analyses of the zygote-arrest 1 (zyg1) mutant in Arabidopsis, which showed zygote-lethal and over-accumulation of cyclin B1 D-box-GUS in ovules. Map-based cloning showed that ZYG1 encodes the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) subunit 11 (APC11)...
April 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Yiwei Du, Wei He, Changwang Deng, Xi Chen, Lanming Gou, Fugui Zhu, Wei Guo, Jianfu Zhang, Tao Wang
Flowering time is a critical trait for crops cultivated under various temperature/photoperiod conditions around the world. To understand better the flowering time of rice, we used the vector pTCK303 to produce several lines of RNAi knockdown transgenic rice and investigated their flowering times and other agronomic traits. Among them, the heading date of FRRP1-RNAi knockdown transgenic rice was 23-26 days earlier than that of wild-type plants. FRRP1 is a novel rice gene that encodes a C3HC4-type Really Interesting Novel Gene (RING) finger domain protein...
2016: PloS One
Kun Gao, Chenji Wang, Xiaofeng Jin, Jiantao Xiao, Enceng Zhang, Xianmei Yang, Dejie Wang, Haojie Huang, Long Yu, Pingzhao Zhang
The oncoprotein MDM2 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets tumor suppressor p53 for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, restraining the potent activity of p53 and enabling cell survival and proliferation. Dysregulation of MDM2-p53 axis was frequently observed in human cancers. Originally, it is proposed that MDM2 degradation was mainly achieved by destructive self-ubiquitination. However, recent study suggests that MDM2 may be targeted for degradation by an external E3 ubiquitin ligase(s) under physiological levels...
May 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Jin-Mi Heo, Alban Ordureau, Joao A Paulo, Jesse Rinehart, J Wade Harper
Damaged mitochondria are detrimental to cellular homeostasis. One mechanism for removal of damaged mitochondria involves the PINK1-PARKIN pathway, which poly-ubiquitylates damaged mitochondria to promote mitophagy. We report that assembly of ubiquitin chains on mitochondria triggers autophagy adaptor recruitment concomitantly with activation of the TBK1 kinase, which physically associates with OPTN, NDP52, and SQSTM1. TBK1 activation in HeLa cells requires OPTN and NDP52 and OPTN ubiquitin chain binding. In addition to the known role of S177 phosphorylation in OPTN on ATG8 recruitment, TBK1-dependent phosphorylation on S473 and S513 promotes ubiquitin chain binding in vitro as well as TBK1 activation, OPTN mitochondrial retention, and efficient mitophagy in vivo...
October 1, 2015: Molecular Cell
K Mahajan
Genome integrity is vital to cellular homeostasis and its forfeiture is linked to deleterious consequences-cancer, immunodeficiency, genetic disorders and premature aging. The human ubiquitin ligase Pso4/Prp19 has emerged as a critical component of multiple DNA damage response (DDR) signaling networks. It not only senses DNA damage, binds double-stranded DNA in a sequence-independent manner, facilitates processing of damaged DNA, promotes DNA end joining, regulates replication protein A (RPA2) phosphorylation and ubiquitination at damaged DNA, but also regulates RNA splicing and mitotic spindle formation in its integral capacity as a scaffold for a multimeric core complex...
May 5, 2016: Oncogene
Emad Arafa, Philip A Bondzie, Kobra Rezazadeh, Rosana D Meyer, Edward Hartsough, Joel M Henderson, John H Schwartz, Vipul Chitalia, Nader Rahimi
Oxidative damage to renal tubular epithelial cells is a fundamental pathogenic mechanism implicated in both acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases. Because epithelial cell survival influences the outcome of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases, identifying its molecular regulators could provide new insight into pathobiology and possible new therapeutic strategies for these diseases. We have identified transmembrane and immunoglobulin domain-containing 1 (TMIGD1) as a novel adhesion molecule, which is highly conserved in humans and other species...
October 2015: American Journal of Pathology
J Wang, Y Zhang, J Hou, X Qian, H Zhang, Z Zhang, M Li, R Wang, K Liao, Y Wang, Z Li, D Zhong, P Wan, L Dong, F Liu, X Wang, Y Wan, W Xiao, W W Zhang
Sox2 has a critical role in embryonic stem (ES) cell maintenance and differentiation. Interestingly, its activity is highly dosage-dependent. Although transcriptional regulation of Sox2 has been extensively studied, the mechanisms orchestrating its degradation remain unclear. In this study, we identified ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2S (Ube2s) as a novel effector for Sox2 protein degradation. Ube2s mediates K11-linked polyubiquitin chain formation at the Sox2-K123 residue, thus marking it for proteasome-mediated degradation...
March 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
L Fan, G Peng, N Sahgal, L Fazli, M Gleave, Y Zhang, A Hussain, J Qi
The histone demethylase JMJD1A, which controls gene expression by epigenetic regulation of H3K9 methylation marks, functions in diverse activities, including spermatogenesis, metabolism and stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. Here, we found that JMJD1A knockdown in prostate cancer cells antagonizes their proliferation and survival. Profiling array analyses revealed that JMJD1A-dependent genes function in cellular growth, proliferation and survival, and implicated that the c-Myc transcriptional network is deregulated following JMJD1A inhibition...
May 12, 2016: Oncogene
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