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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800997/palliative-care-and-human-rights-a-decade-of-evolution-in-standards
#1
Tamar Ezer, Diederik Lohman, Gabriela B de Luca
CONTEXT: Human rights standards to address palliative care have developed over the last decade. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to examine key milestones in the evolution of human rights standards to address palliative care, relevant advocacy efforts, and areas for further growth. METHODS: The paper provides an analysis of human rights standards in the context of palliative care through the lens of the right to health, freedom from torture and ill treatment, and the rights of older persons and children...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800802/special-considerations-in-the-pediatric-psychiatric-population
#2
REVIEW
Genevieve Santillanes, Ruth S Gerson
Youth with psychiatric and behavioral complaints commonly present to emergency departments (EDs), which often lack dedicated mental health staff. This article addresses techniques EDs can use to better care for children in need of psychiatric assessment and medical clearance, specifically addressing the evaluation of youth with suicidal ideation and coexisting medical and psychiatric needs. The evaluation and management of youth with agitation and aggression are also discussed. The article concludes with a discussion of systems changes needed to truly improve emergency care for psychiatrically ill youth...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800789/indicators-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-children-in-the-united-states
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled asthma has far-reaching effects on school-age children and their parents, but little is knownabout the national impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To examine HRQoL associated with asthma and indicators of poorly controlled asthma in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL among school-age children (age range, 6-17 years) with asthma in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
August 11, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800371/population-estimates-health-care-characteristics-and-material-hardship-experiences-of-u-s-children-with-parent-reported-speech-language-difficulties-evidence-from-three-nationally-representative-surveys
#4
Rajan A Sonik, Susan L Parish, Ilhom Akorbirshoev, Esther Son, Eliana Rosenthal
Purpose: To provide estimates for the prevalence of parent-reported speech-language difficulties in U.S. children, and to describe the levels of health care access and material hardship in this population. Method: We tabulated descriptive and bivariate statistics using cross-sectional data from the 2007 and 2011/2012 iterations of the National Survey of Children's Health, the 2005/2006 and 2009/2010 iterations of the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, and the 2004 and 2008 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation...
August 11, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795895/facilitating-family-rich-outcomes-for-families-with-children-who-have-special-health-care-needs
#5
Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762347/barriers-to-dental-care-for-children-with-special-needs-general-dentists-perception-in-kerala-india
#6
Amith Adyanthaya, Natta Sreelakshmi, Sajeela Ismail, Marium Raheema
INTRODUCTION: Special children are among the underserved dental patient groups around the globe. Oral health care for disabled children remain an unmet challenge. One out of two persons with a significant disability cannot find a professional resource to provide appropriate dental care. Identification of barriers can be the first step in addressing the deficiencies in dental care for such patients. AIM: To investigate the perception of dental practitioners in Kerala, India regarding the hurdles faced by them in providing dental care to Special Needs Children including the challenges faced by them...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762342/assessment-of-malocclusion-severity-and-orthodontic-treatment-needs-in-12-15-year-old-school-children-of-namakkal-district-tamil-nadu-using-dental-aesthetic-index
#7
S Nagalakshmi, S James, C Rahila, K Balachandar, R Satish
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aimed to assess the severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12-15-year-old schoolchildren in rural area of Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India, using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 1078 schoolchildren (12-15 years of age) who were selected by two-stage cluster sampling technique. Severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs were assessed according to the DAI using a specially designed survey pro forma with the aid of the WHO's Oral Health Survey: Basic Methods...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743187/severely-affected-by-parkinson-disease-the-patient-s-view-and-implications-for-palliative-care
#8
Julia Strupp, Anne Kunde, Maren Galushko, Raymond Voltz, Heidrun Golla
INTRODUCTION: People severely affected by Parkinson disease (PD)/atypical parkinsonism (AP) comprise a heterogeneous group with distinct needs, which so far remain largely unexamined. The aim of our study was to analyze reasons for feeling severely affected and document unmet needs in a patient subgroup severely affected by PD/AP using solely a subjective inclusion criterion. METHODS: Patients feeling severely affected by PD/AP were recruited via a magazine published by the German Parkinson Association...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728768/maintaining-integrity-how-nurses-navigate-boundaries-in-pediatric-palliative-care
#9
Alyssa Erikson, Betty Davies
PURPOSE: To explore how nurses manage personal and professional boundaries in caring for seriously ill children and their families. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, a convenience sample of 18 registered nurses from four practice sites was interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. RESULTS: Nurses across the sites engaged in a process of maintaining integrity whereby they integrated two competing, yet essential, aspects of their nursing role - behaving professionally and connecting personally...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#10
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723824/a-national-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-us-children-aged-2-to-5-years
#11
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Mary Margaret Gleason, Georgina Peacock, Angelika H Claussen, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines provide recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with specific guidance on caring for children younger than 6 years. This exploratory study describes ADHD diagnosis and treatment patterns among young children in the United States using 2 nationally representative parent surveys. METHODS: The National Survey of Children's Health (2007-2008, 2011-2012) was used to produce weighted prevalence estimates of current ADHD and ADHD medication treatment among US children aged 2 to 5 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710700/enhancing-state-medical-home-capacity-through-a-care-coordination-technical-assistance-model
#12
Susan Berry, Patti Barovechio, Emily Mabile, Tri Tran
Introduction A practice-based care coordination (CC) model was developed by Louisiana's Title V Children's Special Health Services (CSHS) program to meet the overwhelming needs of the New Orleans post-Katrina population. The pilot clinic demonstrated an improvement in medical home (MH) capacity over the course of 3 months. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the replicability of the model and sustainability of MH improvement over at least 2 years, while identifying factors that may modify the effect of the intervention...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#13
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698325/the-scottish-school-leavers-cohort-linkage-of-education-data-to-routinely-collected-records-for-mortality-hospital-discharge-and-offspring-birth-characteristics
#14
Catherine H Stewart, Ruth Dundas, Alastair H Leyland
PURPOSE: The Scottish school leavers cohort provides population-wide prospective follow-up of local authority secondary school leavers in Scotland through linkage of comprehensive education data with hospital and mortality records. It considers educational attainment as a proxy for socioeconomic position in young adulthood and enables the study of associations and causal relationships between educational attainment and health outcomes in young adulthood. PARTICIPANTS: Education data for 284 621 individuals who left a local authority secondary school during 2006/2007-2010/2011 were linked with birth, death and hospital records, including general/acute and mental health inpatient and day case records...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691134/seizure-disorders-and-developmental-disorders-impact-on-life-of-affected-families-a-structured-interview
#15
Ulrike Petra Spindler, Lena Charlott Hotopp, Vivien Angela Bach, Frauke Hornemann, Steffen Syrbe, Anna Andreas, Andreas Merkenschlager, Wieland Kiess, Matthias Karl Bernhard, Thilo Bertsche, Martina Patrizia Neininger, Astrid Bertsche
Seizure disorder and developmental disorder are two of the most common chronic disorders in childhood. Data on perceived parental burden and specific effects on daily life is scarce. We performed a structured interview, consecutively talking to all parents of pediatric outpatients of our university hospital diagnosed with seizure or developmental disorder. Three hundred seven parents (of 317 affected children: 53 with seizure disorder, 44 with specific developmental disorder, 35 with learning disorder, 71 with intellectual disability, 15 with seizure + specific developmental disorder, 23 with seizure + learning disorder, 76 with seizure disorder + intellectual disability) were interviewed...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689559/lactation-skills-workshop-a-collaboration-of-the-city-of-dallas-wic-and-local-hospitals
#16
Janice Ballou, Christine Wiseman, Linda Jackson, Reba Godfrey, Dani Cagle
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, a global endeavor of the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, is an evidence-based program identifying 10 interventions that when hospitals implement them, breastfeeding (BF) rates improve. It recognizes the powerful role that health care workers have in successful BF and the need for competent hands-on skills to support lactation. The City of Dallas, TX, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program collaborated with 3 urban hospitals and developed a training of practical techniques and information for staff to use while working with BF patients...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667233/self-management-and-transition-to-adult-health-care-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-team-process
#17
John D Mahan, Cecily L Betz, Megumi J Okumura, Maria E Ferris
As health care continues to evolve, the need for more effective health care transition (HCT) for all youth, but particularly children with chronic conditions and special health care needs, becomes even more important. With more than 90% of adolescents with chronic medical conditions now surviving into adulthood, suboptimal transition can lead to poorer quality of life and less successful adulthood.Through a series of clinical vignettes, the challenges of HCT are presented herein and accompanied by comments that underscore how these adolescents can best be helped to transition to successful adulthood...
July 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657422/vision-profile-and-ocular-characteristics-of-special-olympics-athletes-report-from-india
#18
Vijaya K Gothwal, Rebecca Sumalini, Asa Narasaiah, Soumya Panda
PURPOSE: Previous reports, albeit isolated, of vision and ocular screening of athletes with intellectual disability participating in the Special Olympics, UK, indicated high rates of refractive error and ocular morbidity; however, there have been no reports of similar sports events for this population from India. This study set out to evaluate the vision profile and ocular characteristics of athletes with intellectual disability attending the Special Olympics Lions Club International Opening Eyes (SOLCIOE) event in 2012 in India...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#19
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#20
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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