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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#1
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723824/a-national-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-us-children-aged-2-to-5-years
#2
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Mary Margaret Gleason, Georgina Peacock, Angelika H Claussen, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines provide recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with specific guidance on caring for children younger than 6 years. This exploratory study describes ADHD diagnosis and treatment patterns among young children in the United States using 2 nationally representative parent surveys. METHODS: The National Survey of Children's Health (2007-2008, 2011-2012) was used to produce weighted prevalence estimates of current ADHD and ADHD medication treatment among US children aged 2 to 5 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710700/enhancing-state-medical-home-capacity-through-a-care-coordination-technical-assistance-model
#3
Susan Berry, Patti Barovechio, Emily Mabile, Tri Tran
Introduction A practice-based care coordination (CC) model was developed by Louisiana's Title V Children's Special Health Services (CSHS) program to meet the overwhelming needs of the New Orleans post-Katrina population. The pilot clinic demonstrated an improvement in medical home (MH) capacity over the course of 3 months. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the replicability of the model and sustainability of MH improvement over at least 2 years, while identifying factors that may modify the effect of the intervention...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#4
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698325/the-scottish-school-leavers-cohort-linkage-of-education-data-to-routinely-collected-records-for-mortality-hospital-discharge-and-offspring-birth-characteristics
#5
Catherine H Stewart, Ruth Dundas, Alastair H Leyland
PURPOSE: The Scottish school leavers cohort provides population-wide prospective follow-up of local authority secondary school leavers in Scotland through linkage of comprehensive education data with hospital and mortality records. It considers educational attainment as a proxy for socioeconomic position in young adulthood and enables the study of associations and causal relationships between educational attainment and health outcomes in young adulthood. PARTICIPANTS: Education data for 284 621 individuals who left a local authority secondary school during 2006/2007-2010/2011 were linked with birth, death and hospital records, including general/acute and mental health inpatient and day case records...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691134/seizure-disorders-and-developmental-disorders-impact-on-life-of-affected-families-a-structured-interview
#6
Ulrike Petra Spindler, Lena Charlott Hotopp, Vivien Angela Bach, Frauke Hornemann, Steffen Syrbe, Anna Andreas, Andreas Merkenschlager, Wieland Kiess, Matthias Karl Bernhard, Thilo Bertsche, Martina Patrizia Neininger, Astrid Bertsche
Seizure disorder and developmental disorder are two of the most common chronic disorders in childhood. Data on perceived parental burden and specific effects on daily life is scarce. We performed a structured interview, consecutively talking to all parents of pediatric outpatients of our university hospital diagnosed with seizure or developmental disorder. Three hundred seven parents (of 317 affected children: 53 with seizure disorder, 44 with specific developmental disorder, 35 with learning disorder, 71 with intellectual disability, 15 with seizure + specific developmental disorder, 23 with seizure + learning disorder, 76 with seizure disorder + intellectual disability) were interviewed...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689559/lactation-skills-workshop-a-collaboration-of-the-city-of-dallas-wic-and-local-hospitals
#7
Janice Ballou, Christine Wiseman, Linda Jackson, Reba Godfrey, Dani Cagle
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, a global endeavor of the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, is an evidence-based program identifying 10 interventions that when hospitals implement them, breastfeeding (BF) rates improve. It recognizes the powerful role that health care workers have in successful BF and the need for competent hands-on skills to support lactation. The City of Dallas, TX, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program collaborated with 3 urban hospitals and developed a training of practical techniques and information for staff to use while working with BF patients...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667233/self-management-and-transition-to-adult-health-care-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-team-process
#8
John D Mahan, Cecily L Betz, Megumi J Okumura, Maria E Ferris
As health care continues to evolve, the need for more effective health care transition (HCT) for all youth, but particularly children with chronic conditions and special health care needs, becomes even more important. With more than 90% of adolescents with chronic medical conditions now surviving into adulthood, suboptimal transition can lead to poorer quality of life and less successful adulthood.Through a series of clinical vignettes, the challenges of HCT are presented herein and accompanied by comments that underscore how these adolescents can best be helped to transition to successful adulthood...
July 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657422/vision-profile-and-ocular-characteristics-of-special-olympics-athletes-report-from-india
#9
Vijaya K Gothwal, Rebecca Sumalini, Asa Narasaiah, Soumya Panda
PURPOSE: Previous reports, albeit isolated, of vision and ocular screening of athletes with intellectual disability participating in the Special Olympics, UK, indicated high rates of refractive error and ocular morbidity; however, there have been no reports of similar sports events for this population from India. This study set out to evaluate the vision profile and ocular characteristics of athletes with intellectual disability attending the Special Olympics Lions Club International Opening Eyes (SOLCIOE) event in 2012 in India...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#10
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#11
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602938/-let-s-bring-her-home-first-patient-characteristics-and-place-of-death-in-specialized-pediatric-palliative-home-care
#12
Hans Ulrich Bender, Martin Bernhard Riester, Gian Domenico Borasio, Monika Führer
CONTEXT: Specialized pediatric palliative home care (SPPHC) is the main pediatric palliative care structure in Germany. Detailed data on patient characteristics and care are sparse. Describing this population in terms of diagnoses and care needs is essential for further development of palliative care services for these patients. OBJECTIVES: We asked whether the population at our center (i) was representative compared with national mortality statistics; (ii) showed differences in the clinical course among the four diagnostic categories established by the Association for Children with Terminal Conditions/Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (ACT/RCPCH), and (iii) was different to published populations in pediatric palliative care regarding diagnoses, care and place of death...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596954/assessment-of-health-needs-in-children-with-congenital-upper-limb-differences-in-nicaragua-community-case-study
#13
Maria F Canizares, Jairo J Rios Roque, Gabriel Ramos Zelaya, Michelle A James
Congenital anomalies are prevalent in Nicaragua, and disability is estimated to be 10% in the general population. We studied children with congenital upper limb differences, as they are vulnerable to disability. This case study documents a collaborative effort between American and Nicaraguan orthopedic surgeons to determine unmet health needs of children with congenital upper limb differences at Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera ("La Mascota" Hospital) in Nicaragua, with the goal of developing programs that successfully address these needs within the context of the priorities of the community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577637/interventions-focusing-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#14
REVIEW
Paul Glassman
The term children with special health care needs encompasses a wide variety of conditions. When considering interventions, a broad definition of children with special needs is suggested in this article along with a focus on developing specific treatment recommendations based on a thorough data-gathering process and developing customized recommendations for children based on their unique circumstances. An area for future research is increasing the understanding of the relationship between customized recommendations and the underlying special health care needs...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574141/totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-in-children-with-medical-complexity-preliminary-data-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
Caterina Geremia, Maria Antonietta De Ioris, Alessandro Crocoli, Ottavio Adorisio, Raffaella Scrocca, Mary Haywood Lombardi, Susanna Staccioli, Pietro Stella, Paola Amendola, Gaetano Ciliento, Francesco De Peppo, Andrea Campana
INTRODUCTION: Children with special health-care needs are an emerging and consistent population. In a subset of children with medical complexity (CMC) a continuous access to the central vascular system is advisable to eliminate unnecessary pain and stress and to improve home management and palliative care. METHODS: The surgical registry of a tertiary hospital was checked in order to identify CMC who underwent totally implantable venous access device (VAD) placement...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566024/fostering-activation-among-latino-parents-of-children-with-mental-health-needs-an-rct
#16
Kathleen C Thomas, Gabriela L Stein, Christianna S Williams, Mónica Pérez Jolles, Betsy L Sleath, Maria Martinez, San Juanita García, Linda E Guzman, Charlotte E Williams, Joseph P Morrissey
OBJECTIVE: Latino families raising children with mental health and other special health care needs report greater dissatisfaction with care compared with other families. Activation is a promising strategy to eliminate disparities. This study examined the comparative effectiveness of MePrEPA, an activation intervention for Latino parents whose children receive mental health services. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (N=172) was conducted in a Spanish-language mental health clinic to assess the effectiveness of MePrEPA, a four-week group psychoeducational intervention to enhance parent activation among Latino parents, compared with a parent-support control group...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562311/refining-our-understanding-of-value-based-insurance-design-and-high-cost-sharing-on-children
#17
Randall P Ellis, Sara S Bachman, Hui Ren Tan
BACKGROUND: There is significant concern about the financial burdens of new insurance plan designs on families, particularly families with children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN). With value-based insurance design (VBID) plans growing in popularity, this study examined the implications of selected VBID cost-sharing features on children. METHODS: We studied children's health care spending patterns in 2 data sets that include high deductible and narrow network plans among others...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562309/value-based-insurance-design-pharmacy-benefits-for-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs-principles-and-opportunities
#18
Mark E Helm
Value-based insurance design (VBID) represents an innovative approach to health insurance coverage. In the context of pharmacy benefits, the goal of VBID is to minimize access barriers to the most effective and appropriate treatments for specific medical conditions. Both private and public insurance programs have explored VBID pharmacy projects primarily for medical conditions affecting adults. To date, evidence for VBID pharmacy programs for children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN) appears lacking...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562308/partners-for-kids-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-field
#19
Rory Cusack Weier, William Gardner, Kimberly Conkol, Kathleen Pajer, Kelly J Kelleher
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this trial was to present a case study of care coordination for children and youth with special health care needs from an exclusively pediatric accountable care organization, and compare precare and postcare data on their use of inpatient and emergency department services. METHODS: This pre-post comparison of the health care utilization included a subset of 733 children enrolled in Partners for Kids care coordination funded through a delegation arrangement with several Medicaid managed care plans...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562307/the-eye-of-the-beholder-a-discussion-of-value-and-quality-from-the-perspective-of-families-of-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#20
Betsy Anderson, Julie Beckett, Nora Wells, Meg Comeau
There is broad agreement that increasing the cost-effectiveness and quality of health care services, thereby achieving greater value, is imperative given this country's current spiraling costs and poor health outcomes. However, how individuals or stakeholder groups define value may differ significantly. Discussion of value in the context of health care, in particular value-based purchasing and value-based insurance design, must acknowledge that there is no universal consensus definition as to what constitutes value...
May 2017: Pediatrics
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