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Video Laryngoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747958/emergency-department-intubation-success-with-succinylcholine-versus-rocuronium-a-national-emergency-airway-registry-study
#1
Michael D April, Allyson Arana, Daniel J Pallin, Steven G Schauer, Andrea Fantegrossi, Jessie Fernandez, Joseph K Maddry, Shane M Summers, Mark A Antonacci, Calvin A Brown
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although both succinylcholine and rocuronium are used to facilitate emergency department (ED) rapid sequence intubation, the difference in intubation success rate between them is unknown. We compare first-pass intubation success between ED rapid sequence intubation facilitated by succinylcholine versus rocuronium. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data from the National Emergency Airway Registry, a multicenter registry collecting data on all intubations performed in 22 EDs...
May 7, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730193/a-grading-system-for-transnasal-flexible-laryngoscopy
#2
Hamdi Tasli, Omer Karakoc, Hakan Birkent
OBJECTIVE: Transnasal flexible laryngoscopy (TFL) is becoming more popular in laryngology clinical practice. There has not been any grading system for TFL to help the physician document and communicate the laryngeal view yet. In this study, we aimed to classify the laryngeal view based on the visualization of the glottic aperture with TFL performed on conscious patients. METHODS: The TFL videos of 920 randomized patients were evaluated by three blind observers experienced with laryngology...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701761/size-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-as-a-new-risk-factor-for-postoperative-vocal-cord-paralysis
#3
Y Saito, H Takeuchi, K Fukuda, K Suda, R Nakamura, N Wada, H Kawakubo, Y Kitagawa
Recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (RLNP) is a frequent and serious complication following esophageal cancer surgery. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the correlation between recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) size and RLNP. This was a retrospective study of esophageal cancer patients who underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomy from January 2012 to December 2014. Eighty-four patients were included in the primary analysis. Diameter of the RLN was measured using the digital video recording of surgical procedures by the ratio between scissor and RLN...
April 26, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679586/video-laryngoscopy-or-macintosh-laryngoscopy-which-one-is-more-successful-in-patients-with-bilateral-mandibular-fractures
#4
Reza Tabrizi, Mastaneh Dahi, Mohammad Reza Moshari, Fereydoon Pourdanesh, Sahar Zolfigol
PURPOSE: Successful intubation is challenging in patients with bilateral mandibular fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the video laryngoscope (VL) with the Macintosh laryngoscope (ML) for intubation of patients with bilateral mandibular fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial study, patients who had bilateral mandibular fractures (angle or subcondylar) were studied. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups using computerized randomization...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666918/procedure-specific-assessment-tool-for-flexible-pharyngo-laryngoscopy-gathering-validity-evidence-and-setting-pass-fail-standards
#5
Jacob Melchiors, K Petersen, T Todsen, A Bohr, Lars Konge, Christian von Buchwald
OBJECTIVE: The attainment of specific identifiable competencies is the primary measure of progress in the modern medical education system. The system, therefore, requires a method for accurately assessing competence to be feasible. Evidence of validity needs to be gathered before an assessment tool can be implemented in the training and assessment of physicians. This evidence of validity must according to the contemporary theory on validity be gathered from specific sources in a structured and rigorous manner...
June 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666294/laryngeal-responses-to-mechanically-assisted-cough-in-progressing-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#6
Tiina M Andersen, Astrid Sandnes, Ove Fondenes, Roy M Nilsen, Ole-Bjørn Tysnes, John-Helge Heimdal, Hege H Clemm, Thomas Halvorsen, Maria Vollsœter, Ola D Røksund
BACKGROUND: Respiratory complications represent the major cause of death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Noninvasive respiratory support is the mainstay therapy, but treatment becomes challenging as the disease progresses, possibly due to a malfunctioning larynx, which is the entrance to the airways. We studied laryngeal response patterns to mechanically assisted cough (mechanical insufflation-exsufflation) as ALS progresses. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study of 13 consecutively included subjects with ALS were followed up during 2011-2016 with repeated tests of lung function, neurological status, and laryngeal responses to mechanical insufflation-exsufflation using video-recorded flexible transnasal fiberoptic laryngoscopy...
April 17, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649032/airway-management-practice-in-adults-with-an-unstable-cervical-spine-the-harborview-medical-center-experience
#7
Michael G Holmes, Armagan Dagal, Bryan A Feinstein, Aaron M Joffe
BACKGROUND: Airway management in the presence of acute cervical spine injury (CSI) is challenging. Because it limits cervical spine motion during tracheal intubation and allows for neurological examination after the procedure, awake fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) has traditionally been recommended. However, with the widespread availability of video laryngoscopy (VL), its use has declined dramatically. Our aim was to describe the frequency of airway management techniques used in patients with CSI at our level I trauma center and report the incidence of neurological injury attributable to airway management...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628570/effect-of-c-mac-video-laryngoscope-aided-intubations-using-d-blade-on-incidence-and-severity-of-postoperative-sore-throat
#8
Pulak Tosh, Dilesh Kadapamannil, Sunil Rajan, Naina Narayani, Lakshmi Kumar
Background: Video laryngoscope-aided intubations require less force to align oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal planes to visualize the glottis opening during intubation. Aim: The primary objective of the study was to assess the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST) in patients who were intubated with C-MAC video laryngoscope using D-blade versus traditional Macintosh laryngoscope. Settings and Design: This prospective, randomized, open label study was conducted in a tertiary care institution...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611119/benefits-of-recording-images-during-video-laryngoscopy-for-early-detection-of-oropharyngeal-and-laryngeal-lesions-implications-for-inattentional-blindness
#9
André A J Van Zundert, Kerstin H Wyssusek, Keith B Greenland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576821/video-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-on-successful-first-pass-endotracheal-intubation-in-icu-patients
#10
Yong-Xia Gao, Yan-Bo Song, Ze-Juan Gu, Jin-Song Zhang, Xu-Feng Chen, Hao Sun, Zhen Lu
BACKGROUND: Airway management in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is challenging. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of successful first-pass intubation in the ICU by using the direct laryngoscopy (DL) and that by using the video laryngoscopy (VL). METHODS: A randomized, non-blinded trial comparing first-pass success rate of intubation between VL and DL was performed. Patients were recruited in the period from August 2014 to August 2016. All physicians working at ICU received hands-on training in the use of the video and direct laryngoscope...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571598/behavioral-profile-of-children-with-vocal-fold-nodules-a-case-control-study
#11
Ângela Reis-Rego, Pedro Henriques Santos, Gustavo Santos, Pedro Carvalho Santos, David Dias, Susana Vaz Freitas, Isabel Carvalho, Miguel Coutinho, Telma Feliciano, Cecília Almeida
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the overall behavior of children with vocal fold nodules (VNs). METHODS: The study group included children with VNs between 4 and 15 years old diagnosed using fiberoptic video laryngoscopy with stroboscopy in a tertiary university hospital. As a control group, children between 4 and 13 years old without VNs, routinely followed up in a primary care facility, were included in the study. Parents of the participants completed the parent-proxy strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ), a brief behavioral screening questionnaire designed for children...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549828/a-comparison-between-video-laryngoscopy-and-direct-laryngoscopy-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-the-emergency-department-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Sulagna Bhattacharjee, Souvik Maitra, Dalim K Baidya
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Direct laryngoscopy is the most commonly used modality for endotracheal intubation in the emergency department. Video laryngoscopy may improve glottic view during laryngoscopy and intubation success rate in such patients. This meta-analysis has been designed to compare clinical efficacy of video laryngoscopy with direct laryngoscopy for endotracheal intubation in the emergency department. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Randomized controlled trials comparing video laryngoscopy and direct laryngoscopy for endotracheal intubation in adult patients in emergency department...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505333/video-laryngoscopy-assisted-tracheal-intubation-in-airway-management
#13
Chia-Chih Liao, Fu-Chao Liu, Allen H Li, Huang-Ping Yu
Video laryngoscopy-assisted tracheal intubation devices have become alternatives to traditional laryngoscopes in recent years. This review will provide information on commonly used video laryngoscopes and their clinical applications in airway management. Areas covered: In this review, the differences between video laryngoscopy and direct laryngoscopy, and the utilization of video laryngoscopes in specific clinical settings are discussed. Expert commentary: Video laryngoscopy should be embraced as an initial approach to intubation in patients with suspected difficult airway...
April 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504951/videographic-assessment-of-pediatric-tracheal-intubation-technique-during-emergency-airway-management
#14
Yuko Shiima, Ting-Chang Hsieh, Andrew Long, Aaron Donoghue
OBJECTIVES: To examine technical aspects of pediatric tracheal intubation using video recording and to determine the association between tracheal intubation technique and procedural outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency department resuscitation bay in single tertiary pediatric center. PATIENTS: Children undergoing emergent tracheal intubation under videorecorded conditions. INTERVENTIONS: None...
March 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465200/-the-choice-of-tracheal-intubation-method-in-reconstructive-maxillo-facial-surgery-with-difficult-airways
#15
A Yu Zaytcev, K V Dubrovin, V A Svetlov
BACKGROUND: The development of modern video - and endoscopic equipment allows for revision and adjust to modern protocols for maintaining patency of the difficult airway, especially in maxillofacial or ENT -surgery. THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Comparison the efficacy ofvarious methods of maintaining the airway patency in the practice of reconstructive maxillofacial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 89 patients, who were divided into 4 groups, were examined...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383319/xanthoma-disseminatum-presenting-with-hoarseness
#16
Biswanath Behera, Munisamy Malathi, Devinder-Mohan Thappa, Hemanth Vamanshankar, Pradipta-Kumar Parida, Debasis Gochhait
Introduction: Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare, benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytic disorder with unknown etio-pathology. It manifests with multiple, grouped, red-brown to yellow papules and nodules involving the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs with a predilection for flexures and the face. Case Report: We report a patient who presented with disseminated xanthomatous papules and nodules involving the face, neck, trunk, axilla, groin, and oral cavity, along with hoarseness of voice...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359076/effect-of-cricoid-pressure-on-laryngeal-view-during-macintosh-mcgrath-mac-x-blade-and-glidescope-video-laryngoscopies
#17
Zehra İpek Arslan, Mine Solak
Objective: Cricoid pressure is useful in fasted patients requiring emergency intubation. We compared the effect of cricoid pressure on laryngeal view during Macintosh, McGrath MAC X-Blade and GlideScope video laryngoscopy. Methods: After obtaining approval from the Human Research Ethics Committee and written informed consent from patients, we enrolled 120 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, age 18-65 years) undergoing elective surgery that required endotracheal intubation in this prospective randomised study...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351759/tracheal-intubation-in-critically-ill-patients-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#18
Luca Cabrini, Giovanni Landoni, Martina Baiardo Radaelli, Omar Saleh, Carmine D Votta, Evgeny Fominskiy, Alessandro Putzu, Cézar Daniel Snak de Souza, Massimo Antonelli, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paolo Pelosi, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled studies evaluating any drug, technique or device aimed at improving the success rate or safety of tracheal intubation in the critically ill. METHODS: We searched PubMed, BioMed Central, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials and references of retrieved articles. Finally, pertinent reviews were also scanned to detect further studies until May 2017. The following inclusion criteria were considered: tracheal intubation in adult critically ill patients; randomized controlled trial; study performed in Intensive Care Unit, Emergency Department or ordinary ward; and work published in the last 20 years...
January 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336196/effect-of-chromoendoscopy-filters-on-visualization-of-ktp-laser-associated-tissue-changes-a-cadaveric-animal-model
#19
Christopher M Johnson, Mariah B Pate, Gregory N Postma
Standard KTP laser (potassium titanyl phosphate) wavelength-specific protective eyewear often impairs visualization of tissue changes during laser treatment. This sometimes necessitates eyewear removal to evaluate tissue effects, which wastes time and poses safety concerns. The objective was to determine if "virtual" or "electronic" chromoendoscopy filters, as found on some endoscopy platforms, could alleviate the restricted visualization inherent to protective eyewear. A KTP laser was applied to porcine laryngeal tissue and recorded via video laryngoscopy with 1 optical (Olympus Narrow Band Imaging) and 8 digital (Pentax Medical I-scan) chromoendoscopy filters...
April 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334569/assessment-of-prehospital-hemorrhage-and-airway-care-using-a-simulation-model
#20
Mariya E Skube, Seth Witthuhn, Kristine Mulier, Bonnie Boucher, Elizabeth Lusczek, Greg J Beilman
BACKGROUND: The quality of prehospital care impacts patient outcomes. Military efforts have focused on training revision and the creation of high fidelity simulation models to address potentially survivable injuries. We sought to investigate the applicability of models emphasizing hemorrhage control and airway management to a civilian population. METHODS: Prehospital healthcare providers (PHPs) undergoing their annual training were enrolled. A trauma scenario was simulated with two modules: hemorrhage control and airway management...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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