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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202189/effects-of-pesticides-on-the-survival-of-rove-beetle-coleoptera-staphylinidae-and-insidious-flower-bug-hemiptera-anthocoridae-adults
#1
Raymond A Cloyd, Nathan J Herrick
This study determined the direct, indirect, or both effects of pesticides on the rove beetle, Dalotia coriaria (Kraatz) (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), and the insidious flower bug, Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). The pesticides evaluated were Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, and soybean oil; cyantraniliprole; flupyradifurone; GS-omega/kappa-Hxtx-Hv1; Isaria fumosorosea; tolfenpyrad; pyrethrins; and spinosad. One experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with rove beetle adults exposed to growing medium applications of cyantraniliprole...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197567/biologically-anchored-chitosan-gelatin-srhap-scaffold-fabricated-on-titanium-against-chronic-osteomyelitis-infection
#2
D Nancy, N Rajendran
The obstacles faced to treat chronic osteomyelitis infection clinically led to the search for an ideal biomaterial, resulted in combining two major aspects of bone tissue engineering namely surface modified metallic implant and polymer nanocomposite scaffold. In the present study Gelatin - Strontium incorporated Hydroxyapatite (SrHAP) forming HG scaffold, vancomycin loaded chitosan -gelatin polyelectrolyte complex incorporated gelatin-SrHAP, forming HV scaffolds (HV1-0.5wt% and HV2-1wt% vancomycin) were investigated...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103287/phylogenetic-relationship-and-variation-among-four-strains-of-small-east-african-goats-of-tanzania-based-on-mitochondrial-dna
#3
Athumani Shabani Nguluma, George Msalya, Charles Moses Lyimo, Yongfu Huang, Yongju Zhao, Lipen Chen, Guangxin E, Sebastian Willson Chenyambuga
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the origin and phylogeography of four strains of Small East African (SEA) goat breed namely Pare, Gogo, Sonjo, and Sukuma. Methods: About 586 bp sequences of the first hypervariable (HV1) region within the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) displacement loop (D - loop) were analyzed in 142 individuals from SEA goat as well as Boer goat as reference breed. In addition, goat sequences from eight other African countries from the NCBI database were used for comparison...
November 3, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024582/photocontrol-of-the-hv1-proton-channel
#4
Andreas Rennhack, Elena Grahn, U Benjamin Kaupp, Thomas K Berger
The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 is expressed in various human cell types, including macrophages, epithelial cells, and sperm. Hv1 opening leads to proton efflux that alkalizes the cytosol. Here, we describe light-activated Hv1 inhibitors (photoswitches) that allow controlling its activity with high spatiotemporal precision. The photoswitches comprise a light-sensitive azobenzene moiety and 2-guanidinobenzimidazole (2GBI), a known Hv1 inhibitor. In the dark, photoGBI inhibits heterologously expressed Hv1 channels...
November 7, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023730/crosstalk-opposing-view-proton-transfer-in-hv1-utilizes-a-water-wire-and-does-not-require-transient-protonation-of-a-conserved-aspartate-in-the-s1-transmembrane-helix
#5
Ashley L Bennett, Ian Scott Ramsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961043/mechanistic-insight-into-the-suppression-of-microglial-ros-production-by-voltage-gated-proton-channels-vsop-hv1
#6
Takafumi Kawai, Shoki Tatsumi, Shinji Kihara, Kenji Sakimura, Yasushi Okamura
Voltage-gated proton channels (VSOP/Hv1) reportedly promote reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in several immune cell types. However, we recently reported that primary microglia from VSOP/Hv1-deficient mice show higher ROS production than those from WT mice. Microglia may show a distinct activation status between WT and VSOP/Hv1-deficient cells, leading to a distinct level of ROS production between them. This is unlikely, however, because ROS production in VSOP/Hv1-deficient microglia remained higher than in WT microglia when the cells were exposed to LPS...
September 29, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889176/proton-pump-inhibitors-have-ph-dependent-effects-on-the-thermostability-of-the-carboxyl-terminal-domain-of-voltage-gated-proton-channel-hv1
#7
Qing Zhao, Weiyan Zuo, Shangrong Zhang, Yongqiang Zhang, Chuanyong Li, Shu Jie Li
The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 is highly selective for H(+) and is activated by membrane depolarization and pH gradient. An increased external and decreased internal pH opens the Hv1 channel. The intracellular C-terminal domain of Hv1 is responsible for channel dimerization, cooperative, and thermosensitive gating. Here, we found that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) interact with the C-terminal domain of human Hv1. The interaction between PPIs and the C-terminal domain, which is pH-dependent, lowered the thermal and structural stability of the protein at pH 4, but enhanced the thermal and structural stability at pH 8...
September 9, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810916/the-catsper-channel-and-its-roles-in-male-fertility-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Xiang-Hong Sun, Ying-Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Hong-Ling Liu, Yong Ling, Zong-Li Li, Li-Bo Sun
The Catsper channel is a sperm-specific, Ca(2+)-permeable, pH-dependent, and low voltage-dependent channel that is essential for the hyperactivity of sperm flagellum, chemotaxis towards the egg, capacitation and acrosome reaction. All of these physiological events require calcium entry into sperm cells. Remarkably, Catsper genes are exclusively expressed in the testis during spermatogenesis, and are sensitive to ion channel-induced pH change, such as NHEs, Ca(2+)ATPase, K(+) channel, Hv1 channel and HCO3(-) transporters...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806626/cryopreservation-of-cynomolgus-macaque-macaca-fascicularis-sperm-with-glycerol-and-ethylene-glycol-and-its-effect-on-sperm-specific-ion-channels-catsper-and-hv1
#9
Bingbing Chen, Shanshan Li, Yaping Yan, Yanchao Duan, Shaohui Chang, Hong Wang, Weizhi Ji, Xin Wu, Wei Si
The cryoprotective agent (CPA) is one of the most important factors that affects the cryosurvival of sperm. The aim of the present study was to compare two different CPAs, glycerol (Gly) and ethylene glycol (EG), on the cryopreservation of cynomolgus macaques sperm and evaluate the effects of cryopreservation on sperm motility, acrosomal integrity, DNA integrity, mitochondrial function and the sperm membrane ion channels CatSper and Hv1. Compared to fresh sperm, cryopreservation with either 0.7 M Gly or EG decreased the sperm motility (79...
August 8, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805023/onion-allium-cepa-l-peel-extract-ope-regulates-human-sperm-motility-via-protein-kinase-c-mediated-activation-of-the-human-voltage-gated-proton-channel
#10
M R Chae, S J Kang, K P Lee, B R Choi, H K Kim, J K Park, C Y Kim, S W Lee
Onion (Allium cepa L.) and quercetin protect against oxidative damage and have positive effects on multiple functional parameters of spermatozoa, including viability and motility. However, the associated underlying mechanisms of action have not yet been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of onion peel extract (OPE) on voltage-gated proton (Hv1) channels, which play a critical role in rapid proton extrusion. This process underlies a wide range of physiological processes, particularly male fertility...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774948/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-the-voltage-gated-proton-channel-in-zebrafish-neutrophils
#11
Adisorn Ratanayotha, Takafumi Kawai, Shin-Ichi Higashijima, Yasushi Okamura
Voltage-gated proton channels (Hv1/VSOP) are expressed in various cells types, including phagocytes, and are involved in diverse physiological processes. Although hvcn1, the gene encoding Hv1, has been identified across a wide range of species, most of the knowledge about its physiological function and expression profile is limited to mammals. In this study, we investigated the basic properties of DrHv1, the Hv1 ortholog in zebrafish (Danio rerio) which is an excellent animal model owing to the transparency, as well as its functional expression in native cells...
August 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772395/customized-a-ti6al4v-bone-plate-for-complex-pelvic-fracture-by-selective-laser-melting
#12
Di Wang, Yimeng Wang, Shibiao Wu, Hui Lin, Yongqiang Yang, Shicai Fan, Cheng Gu, Jianhua Wang, Changhui Song
In pelvic fracture operations, bone plate shaping is challenging and the operation time is long. To address this issue, a customized bone plate was designed and produced using selective laser melting (SLM) technology. The key steps of this study included designing the customized bone plate, metal 3D printing, vacuum heat treatment, surface post-processing, operation rehearsal, and clinical application and evaluation. The joint surface of the bone plate was placed upwards with respect to the build platform to keep it away from the support and to improve the quality of the joint surface...
January 4, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727929/na-h-exchanger-and-proton-channel-in-heart-failure-associated-with-becker-and-duchenne-muscular-dystrophies
#13
Ghassan Bkaily, Danielle Jacques
Cardiomyopathy is found in patients with Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) muscular dystrophies, which are linked muscle diseases caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. Dystrophin defects are not limited to DMD but are also present in mild BMD. The hereditary cardiomyopathic hamster of the UM-X7.1 strain is a particular experimental model of heart failure (HF) leading to early death in muscular dystrophy (dystrophin deficiency and sarcoglycan mutation) and heart disease (δ-sarcoglycan deficiency and dystrophin mutation) in human DMD...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723952/evidence-for-prehistoric-origins-of-the-g2019s-mutation-in-the-north-african-berber-population
#14
Rafiqua Ben El Haj, Ayyoub Salmi, Wafa Regragui, Ahmed Moussa, Naima Bouslam, Houyam Tibar, Ali Benomar, Mohamed Yahyaoui, Ahmed Bouhouche
The most common cause of the monogenic form of Parkinson's disease known so far is the G2019S mutation of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene. Its frequency varies greatly among ethnic groups and geographic regions ranging from less than 0.1% in Asia to 40% in North Africa. This mutation has three distinct haplotypes; haplotype 1 being the oldest and most common. Recent studies have dated haplotype 1 of the G2019S mutation to about 4000 years ago, but it remains controversial whether the mutation has a Near-Eastern or Moroccan-Berber ancestral origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676401/hv1-proton-channel-facilitates-production-of-ros-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-microglia-and-enhances-oligodendrocyte-progenitor-cells-damage-from-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-in-vitro
#15
Ying Yu, Zhiyuan Yu, Minjie Xie, Wei Wang, Xiang Luo
The contribution of microglial activation to oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) damage in the brain is considered to be a principal pathophysiological feature of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX)-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in microglia has been shown to be significantly toxic to OPCs. The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 is selectively expressed in microglia and is essential for NOX-dependent ROS production in the central nervous system...
July 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651548/canis-mtdna-hv1-database-a-web-based-tool-for-collecting-and-surveying-canis-mtdna-hv1-haplotype-in-public-database
#16
Quan Ke Thai, Dung Anh Chung, Hoang-Dung Tran
BACKGROUND: Canine and wolf mitochondrial DNA haplotypes, which can be used for forensic or phylogenetic analyses, have been defined in various schemes depending on the region analyzed. In recent studies, the 582 bp fragment of the HV1 region is most commonly used. 317 different canine HV1 haplotypes have been reported in the rapidly growing public database GenBank. These reported haplotypes contain several inconsistencies in their haplotype information. To overcome this issue, we have developed a Canis mtDNA HV1 database...
June 26, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628214/unconventional-role-of-voltage-gated-proton-channels-vsop-hv1-in-regulation-of-microglial-ros-production
#17
Takafumi Kawai, Yoshifumi Okochi, Tomohiko Ozaki, Yoshio Imura, Schuichi Koizumi, Maya Yamazaki, Manabu Abe, Kenji Sakimura, Toshihide Yamashita, Yasushi Okamura
It has been established that voltage-gated proton channels (VSOP/Hv1), encoded by Hvcn1, support reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in phagocytic activities of neutrophils (El Chemaly et al. ) and antibody production in B lymphocytes (Capasso et al. ). VSOP/Hv1 is a potential therapeutic target for brain ischemia, since Hvcn1 deficiency reduces microglial ROS production and protects brain from neuronal damage (Wu et al. ). In the present study, we report that VSOP/Hv1 has paradoxical suppressive role in ROS production in microglia...
September 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514187/diphenhydramine-inhibits-voltage-gated-proton-channels-hv1-and-induces-acidification-in-leukemic-jurkat-t-cells-new-insights-into-the-pro-apoptotic-effects-of-antihistaminic-drugs
#18
Agustín Asuaje, Pedro Martín, Nicolás Enrique, Leandro Agustín Díaz Zegarra, Paola Smaldini, Guillermo Docena, Verónica Milesi
An established characteristic of neoplastic cells is their metabolic reprogramming, known as the Warburg effect, with greater reliance on energetically less efficient pathways (such as glycolysis and pentose phosphate shunt) compared with oxidative phosphorylation. This results in an overproduction of acidic species that must be extruded to maintain intracellular homeostasis. We recently described that blocking the proton currents in leukemic cells mediated by Hv1 ion channels triggers a marked intracellular acidification and apoptosis induction...
May 17, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389925/plant-dehydrins-shedding-light-on-structure-and-expression-patterns-of-dehydrin-gene-family-in-barley
#19
Raha Abedini, Farzan GhaneGolmohammadi, Reihaneh PishkamRad, Ehsan Pourabed, Ahad Jafarnezhad, Zahra-Sadat Shobbar, Maryam Shahbazi
Dehydrins, an important group of late embryogenesis abundant proteins, accumulate in response to dehydration stresses and play protective roles under stress conditions. Herein, phylogenetic analysis of the dehydrin family was performed using the protein sequences of 108 dehydrins obtained from 14 plant species based on plant taxonomy and protein subclasses. Sub-cellular localization and phosphorylation sites of these proteins were also predicted. The protein features distinguishing these dehydrins categories were identified using various attribute weighting and decision tree analyses...
July 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237734/respective-role-of-surface-electrocardiogram-and-his-bundle-recordings-to-assess-the-risk-of-atrioventricular-block-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
N Badenco, C Chong-Nguyen, C Maupain, C Himbert, G Duthoit, X Waintraub, T Chastre, E Gandjbakhch, F Hidden-Lucet, P Le Prince, J-P Collet, R Frank
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular block (AVB) is common after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation is needed in up to 30% of patients. Main predictors of long term AVB are electrocardiographic. The purpose of this study is to assess the prognostic value of serial HV intervals measured before and after TAVR to shorten the timing of PPM implantation. METHODS: His bundle recordings were performed before (HV1), immediately after TAVR (HV2) and at day 2 for Edwards Sapien (ES) and 5 for Medtronic CoreValve (CV) (HV3)...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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