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Qiong-Yao Tang, Trevor Larry, Kalen Hendra, Erica Yamamoto, Jessica Bell, Meng Cui, Diomedes E Logothetis, Linda M Boland
All vertebrate inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels are activated by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) (Logothetis, D. E., Petrou, V. I., Zhang, M., Mahajan, R., Meng, X. Y., Adney, S. K., Cui, M., and Baki, L. (2015) Annu. Rev. Physiol. 77, 81-104; F├╝rst, O., Mondou, B., and D'Avanzo, N. (2014) Front. Physiol. 4, 404-404). Structural components of a PIP2-binding site are conserved in vertebrate Kir channels but not in distantly related animals such as sponges and sea anemones. To expand our understanding of the structure-function relationships of PIP2 regulation of Kir channels, we studied AqKir, which was cloned from the marine sponge Amphimedon queenslandica, an animal that represents the phylogenetically oldest metazoans...
July 3, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lauren Barnett, Jelena Platisa, Marko Popovic, Vincent A Pieribone, Thomas Hughes
There is a pressing need in neuroscience for genetically-encoded, fluorescent voltage probes that can be targeted to specific neurons and circuits to allow study of neural activity using fluorescent imaging. We created 90 constructs in which the voltage sensing portion (S1-S4) of Ciona intestinalis voltage sensitive phosphatase (CiVSP) was fused to circularly permuted eGFP. This led to ElectricPk, a probe that is an order of magnitude faster (taus ~1-2 ms) than any currently published fluorescent protein-based voltage probe...
2012: PloS One
Tsukasa Kawahara, Heather M Jackson, Susan M E Smith, Paul D Simpson, J David Lambeth
Nox5 belongs to the calcium-regulated subfamily of NADPH oxidases (Nox). Like other calcium-regulated Noxes, Nox5 has an EF-hand-containing calcium-binding domain at its N-terminus, a transmembrane heme-containing region, and a C-terminal dehydrogenase (DH) domain that binds FAD and NADPH. While Nox1-4 require regulatory subunits, including p22phox, Nox5 activity does not depend on any subunits. We found that inactive point mutants and truncated forms of Nox5 (including the naturally expressed splice form, Nox5S) inhibit full-length Nox5, consistent with formation of a dominant negative complex...
March 29, 2011: Biochemistry
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