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integrin beta1

Maria Elisa Perico, Silvia Grasso, Matteo Brunelli, Guido Martignoni, Enrico Munari, Enrico Moiso, Giulio Fracasso, Tiziana Cestari, Hassan Y Naim, Vincenzo Bronte, Marco Colombatti, Dunia Ramarli
The expression of Prostate Specific-Membrane Antigen (PSMA) increases in high-grade prostate carcinoma envisaging a role in growth and progression. We show here that clustering PSMA at LNCaP or PC3-PSMA cell membrane activates AKT and MAPK pathways thus promoting proliferation and survival. PSMA activity was dependent on the assembly of a macromolecular complex including filamin A, beta1 integrin, p130CAS, c-Src and EGFR. Within this complex beta1 integrin became activated thereby inducing a c-Src-dependent EGFR phosphorylation at Y1086 and Y1173 EGF-independent residues...
October 3, 2016: Oncotarget
Soon Young Park, Yuji Piao, Kang Jin Jeong, Jianwen Dong, John F de Groot
Periostin (POSTN) interacts with multiple integrins to coordinate a variety of cellular processes, including epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration. In our previous study, anti-VEGF-A therapy was associated with resistance and EMT. This study sought to determine the role of POSTN in the resistance of glioma stem cells (GSC) to antiangiogenic therapy. In mouse xenograft models of human glioma, POSTN expression was associated with acquired resistance to anti-VEGF-A therapy and had a synergistic effect with bevacizumab in prolonging survival and decreasing tumor volume...
September 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Fuhuan Chen, Xiaotong Yue, Huifeng Song, Jiake Chai, Xiuye He, Tongmin Wang, Lingying Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the phenotypic changes of epidermal stem cells (ESCs) differentiating into sweat glands cells (SGCs) in vitro and its mechanisms. METHODS: ESCs and SGCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, which were identified using immunofluorescence staining. ESCs at passage 2 were divided into 4 groups: ESCs and SGCs co-cultured by Transwell plates in group A, ESCs cultured by simply adding sweat supernatant in group B, ESCs and SGCs co-cultured on Transwell plate adding epidermal growth factor (EGF) (60 ng/mL) in group C, and ESCs and SGCs co-cultured on transwell plate adding PD98059 (10 mmol/L) in group D...
February 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Rina Ortiz, Jorge Díaz, Natalia Díaz, Lorena Lobos-Gonzalez, Areli Cárdenas, Pamela Contreras, María Inés Díaz, Ellen Otte, Justin Cooper-White, Vicente Torres, Lisette Leyton, Andrew F G Quest
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is a scaffolding protein that plays a dual role in cancer. In advanced stages of this disease, CAV1 expression in tumor cells is associated with enhanced metastatic potential, while, at earlier stages, CAV1 functions as a tumor suppressor. We recently implicated CAV1 phosphorylation on tyrosine 14 (Y14) in CAV1-enhanced cell migration. However, the contribution of this modification to the dual role of CAV1 in cancer remained unexplored. Here, we used in vitro [2D and transendothelial cell migration (TEM), invasion] and in vivo (metastasis) assays, as well as genetic and biochemical approaches to address this question in B16F10 murine melanoma cells...
May 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenrong Zeng, Qingjun Liu, Zhida Chen, Xinyu Wu, Yuanfu Zhong, Jin Wu
Recently, the human ether à go-go (eag) related gene 1 (hERG1) channel, a member of the voltage-dependent potassium channel (Kv) family, was determined to have a critical role in cancer cell proliferation, invasion, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. However, the expression levels and functions of hERG1 in osteosarcoma cells remain poorly characterized. In this study, hERG1 transcript and protein levels in osteosarcoma cells and tissues were measured using semi-quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Katja Zscheppang, Ina Kurth, Nicole Wachtel, Anna Dubrovska, Leoni A Kunz-Schughart, Nils Cordes
BACKGROUND: Resistance to radiotherapy continues to be a limiting factor in the treatment of cancer including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Simultaneous targeting of β1 integrin and EGFR was shown to have a higher radiosensitizing potential than mono-targeting in the majority of tested HNSCC cancer models. As tumor-initiating cells (TIC) are thought to play a key role for therapy resistance and recurrence and can be enriched in sphere forming conditions, this study investigated the efficacy of β1 integrin/EGFR targeting without and in combination with X-ray irradiation on the behavior of sphere-forming cells (SFC)...
2016: Journal of Cancer
U Ritz, T Nusselt, A Sewing, T Ziebart, K Kaufmann, A Baranowski, P M Rommens, Alexander Hofmann
OBJECTIVES: Targeted modifications of the bulk implant surfaces using bioactive agents provide a promising tool for improvement of the long-term bony and soft tissue integration of dental implants. In this study, we assessed the cellular responses of primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) to different surface modifications of titanium (Ti) and titanium nitride (TiN) alloys with type I collagen or cyclic-RGDfK-peptide in order to define a modification improving long-term implants in dental medicine...
March 12, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Marketa Bacakova, Jana Musilkova, Tomas Riedel, Denisa Stranska, Eduard Brynda, Margit Zaloudkova, Lucie Bacakova
Fibrin plays an important role during wound healing and skin regeneration. It is often applied in clinical practice for treatment of skin injuries or as a component of skin substitutes. We prepared electrospun nanofibrous membranes made from poly(l-lactide) modified with a thin fibrin nanocoating. Fibrin surrounded the individual fibers in the membrane and also formed a thin fibrous mesh on several places on the membrane surface. The cell-free fibrin nanocoating remained stable in the cell culture medium for 14 days and did not change its morphology...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Sukhontip Klahan, Wan-Chen Huang, Che-Mai Chang, Henry Sung-Ching Wong, Chi-Cheng Huang, Mei-Shin Wu, Yu-Chiao Lin, Hsing-Fang Lu, Ming-Feng Hou, Wei-Chiao Chang
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for approximately 15-20% of all types of breast cancer, and treatment is still limited. This type of breast cancer shows a high risk of recurrence, visceral metastasis, a worse prognosis, and shorter distant metastasis-free survival. Several studies have been reported that genetics factors are associated with breast cancer disease progression and patients' survival. In this study, we combined Taiwanese microarray data from the GEO database and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to study the role of Integrin Beta1 (ITGB1) in TNBC...
February 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Khalid Sossey-Alaoui, Edward F Plow
UNLABELLED: Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men, second only to lung cancer, mainly due to disease reoccurrence as a result to lack of response to androgen deprivation therapies (ADT) after castration. Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) have very limited treatment options, with docetaxel as the first-line standard of care, for which resistance to this chemotherapeutic ultimately develops. Therefore, finding ways to sensitize tumors to chemotherapies and to limit chemoresistance provides a viable strategy to extend the survival of mCRPC patients...
February 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Kai Zhang, Wei Ding, Wei Sun, Xiao-jiang Sun, You-zhuan Xie, Chang-qing Zhao, Jie Zhao
Low back pain is associated with intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) due to cellular loss through apoptosis. Mechanical factors play an important role in maintaining the survival of the annulus fibrosus (AF) cells and the deposition of extracellular matrix. However, the mechanisms that excessive mechanical forces lead to AF cell apoptosis are not clear. The present study was to look for how AF cells sense mechanical changes. In vivo experiments, the involvement of mechanoreceptors in apoptosis was examined by RT-PCR and/or immunoblotting in the lumbar spine of rats subjected to unbalanced dynamic and static forces...
January 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Nazanin Ruppender, Sandy Larson, Bryce Lakely, Lori Kollath, Lisha Brown, Ilsa Coleman, Roger Coleman, Holly Nguyen, Peter S Nelson, Eva Corey, Linda A Snyder, Robert L Vessella, Colm Morrissey, Hung-Ming Lam
Dissemination of prostate cancer (PCa) cells to the bone marrow is an early event in the disease process. In some patients, disseminated tumor cells (DTC) proliferate to form active metastases after a prolonged period of undetectable disease known as tumor dormancy. Identifying mechanisms of PCa dormancy and reactivation remain a challenge partly due to the lack of in vitro models. Here, we characterized in vitro PCa dormancy-reactivation by inducing cells from three patient-derived xenograft (PDX) lines to proliferate through tumor cell contact with each other and with bone marrow stroma...
2015: PloS One
Pablo Daniel Radice, Patricia Mathieu, María Celeste Leal, María Isabel Farías, Carina Ferrari, Mariana Puntel, Mariano Salibe, Ariel Chernomoretz, Fernando Juan Pitossi
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to have pro-neurogenic effects on adult Neural Stem Cells (aNSC) from the dentate gyrus and in vivo models. Here, we expanded the observation of the pro-neurogenic effect of TGF-beta1 on aNSC from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of adult rats and performed a functional genomic analysis to identify candidate genes to mediate its effect. 10 candidate genes were identified by microarray analysis and further validated by qRT-PCR...
July 2015: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Xinyang Hu, Ling Zhang, Jing Jin, Wei Zhu, Yinchuan Xu, Yan Wu, Yingchao Wang, Han Chen, Keith A Webster, Huiqiang Chen, Hong Yu, Jian'an Wang
Heparanase plays important roles in tumor angiogenesis. Our previous study demonstrated that hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) enhanced the angiogenic and therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), effects that were paralleled by enhanced heparanase expression. This study was designed to elucidate the role of heparanase in the improved therapeutic properties of HPC-MSCs and to explore underlying mechanisms using an ischemic rat hind limb model. MSCs transfected with heparanase (MSC(hpa) ) or empty vector (MSC(null) ) were delivered by intramuscular injections to ischemic hind limbs...
June 2015: Stem Cells
Irina Cherciu, A Bărbălan, D Pirici, C Mărgăritescu, A Săftoiu
: The idea of stem cells as being progenitors of cancer was initially controversial, but later supported by research in the field of leukemia and solid tumors. Afterwards, it was established that genetic abnormalities can affect the stem and progenitor cells, leading to uncontrolled replication and deregulated differentiation. These alterations will cause the changeover to cancerous stem cells (CSC) having two main characteristics: tumor initiation and maintenance. This review will focus on the colorectal cancer stem cell (CR-CSCs) theory which provides a better understanding of different tumor processes: initiation, aggressive growth, recurrence, treatment resistance and metastasis...
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Suyin Paulynn Chin, James R Marthick, Alison C West, Annabel K Short, Jyoti Chuckowree, Andrea M Polanowski, Russell J Thomson, Adele F Holloway, Joanne L Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Integrin alpha2 beta1 (α2 β1 ) plays an integral role in tumour cell invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis, and altered expression of the receptor has been linked to tumour prognosis in several solid tumours. However, the relationship is complex, with both increased and decreased expression associated with different stages of tumour metastases in several tumour types. The ITGA2 gene, which codes for the α2 subunit, was examined to investigate whether a large CpG island associated with its promoter region is involved in the differential expression of ITGA2 observed in prostate cancer...
May 2015: Prostate
Xiaopeng Jia, Yanan Sun, Baozhi Wang
Recent reports have indicated that not only the primary glandular tissue but also the surrounding stromal tissue plays an active role in the progression of carcinoma. Such is true for cancer tissues arising in the prostate. However, the precise role of stromal tissue in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate adenocarcinoma is not well described. We undertook this current investigation to examine the changes in orientation of the extracellular matrix and correlate with prostatic cancer progression. We used a novel form of image analysis called gray level entropy matrix (GLEM) texture analysis to evaluate morphometric changes in stromal tissues...
December 2014: IUBMB Life
T Whitby, D Schroeder, H S Kim, C Petersen, O Dirsch, U Baumann, M K H Auth
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of biliary atresia (BA) is still unresolved. The study's aim was to investigate the distribution of extracellular matrix proteins and cellular adhesion molecules in children with BA compared to other cholestatic liver disease (CLD) and normal liver architecture (NLA). PATIENTS: Liver biopsies were obtained from children with BA (n=13), CLD (n=6) and NLA (n=8). METHOD: We systematically analysed ultra thin frozen sections from the liver hilum stained with 25 monoclonal antibodies for cellular characterisation, extracellular matrix proteins and adhesion molecules...
January 2015: Klinische Pädiatrie
Xiaoyan Xie, Lili Long, He Wang, Ying Zheng, Shanling Liu
Due to subtle symptoms and the absence of effective early screening methods, most of epithelial ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed in the late stage, when current treatment strategies are not so satisfactory. To date, ovarian cancer is still the leading cause of gynecological malignancy deaths in women. The formation of massive ascites is one of the important characteristics of epithelial ovarian carcinoma in the late stage. Cancer cells, existing in ascites in the form of spheroids, play an important role in metastasis and recurrence of the malignancy...
January 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Sang-A Park, Min-Jin Kim, So-Yeon Park, Jung-Shin Kim, Seon-Joo Lee, Hyun Ae Woo, Dae-Kee Kim, Jeong-Seok Nam, Yhun Yhong Sheen
Fibrosis is an inherent response to chronic damage upon immense apoptosis or necrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) signaling plays a key role in the fibrotic response to chronic liver injury. To develop anti-fibrotic therapeutics, we synthesized a novel small-molecule inhibitor of the TGF-β type I receptor kinase (ALK5), EW-7197, and evaluated its therapeutic potential in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) mouse, bile duct ligation (BDL) rat, bleomycin (BLM) mouse, and unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mouse models...
May 2015: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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