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integrin beta1

Andrés Martín Toscani, Rocío G Sampayo, Federico Martín Barabas, Federico Fuentes, Marina Simian, Federico Coluccio Leskow
ErbB2 is a member of the ErbB family of tyrosine kinase receptors that plays a major role in breast cancer progression. Located at the plasma membrane, ErbB2 forms large clusters in spite of the presence of growth factors. Beta1 integrin, membrane receptor of extracellular matrix proteins, regulates adhesion, migration and invasiveness of breast cancer cells. Physical interaction between beta1 integrin and ErbB2 has been suggested although published data are contradictory. The aim of the present work was to study the interaction between ErbB2 and beta1 integrin in different scenarios of expression and activation...
2017: PloS One
Toshikazu Takahara, Atsushi Kasamatsu, Masanobu Yamatoji, Manabu Iyoda, Hiroki Kasama, Tomoaki Saito, Shin Takeuchi, Yosuke Endo-Sakamoto, Masashi Shiiba, Hideki Tanzawa, Katsuhiro Uzawa
Signal-induced proliferation-associated protein 1 (SIPA1) is known to be a GTPase activating protein. Overexpressed SIPA1 is related to metastatic progression in breast and prostate cancers; however, the relevance of SIPA1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is still unknown. The aim of this study was to examine SIPA1 expression and its functional mechanisms in OSCC. SIPA1 mRNA and protein expressions were analyzed by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Li Pan, Yuan Zhao, Zhijie Yuan, Mohammed Hamdy Farouk, Shiyao Zhang, Nan Bao, Guixin Qin
Soybean agglutinin (SBA) is an anti-nutritional factor of soybean, affecting cell proliferation and inducing cytotoxicity. Integrins are transmembrane receptors, mediating a variety of cell biological processes. This research aims to study the effects of SBA on cell proliferation and cell cycle progression of the intestinal epithelial cell line from piglets (IPEC-J2), to identify the integrin subunits especially expressed in IPEC-J2s, and to analyze the functions of these integrins on IPEC-J2 cell cycle progression and SBA-induced IPEC-J2 cell cycle alteration...
February 2017: Molecules and Cells
Adriane Reichert Faria, Juliana Elizabeth Jung, Caio César Silva de Castro, Lucia de Noronha
Because defects in adhesion impairment seem to be involved in the etiopathogenesis of vitiligo, this study aimed to compare the immunohistochemical expression of several adhesion molecules in the epidermis of vitiligo and non lesional vitiligo skin. Sixty-six specimens of lesional and non lesional skin from 33 volunteers with vitiligo were evaluated by immunohistochemistry using anti-beta-catenin, anti-E-cadherin, anti-laminin, anti-beta1 integrin, anti-collagen IV, anti-ICAM-1 and anti-VCAM-1 antibodies. Biopsies of vitiligo skin demonstrated a significant reduction in the expression of laminin and integrin...
March 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Fumio Fukai
 The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides a variety of biological signals for cell regulation. It is apparent that some of these signals are derived from functional sites, which are concealed in the higher structure of ECM protein molecules. Previously, we found that fibronectin, a ubiquitous cell adhesive ECM protein, harbors a cryptic functional site termed FNIII14, which can be exposed through the processing of fibronectin by inflammatory proteinases, including matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). FNIII14, once exposed, induces a conformational change in beta1-integrins necessary for their functional inactivation, resulting in weakened cell adhesion to the ECM...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Lei Zhang, Dan Kong, Hongxue Meng, Changsong Han, Jiang Zhu, Juanjuan Qiao, Yan He, Tianzhen Wang, Xiaobo Li, Fengmin Zhang, Xiaoming Jin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Plasma gelsolin (pGSN) is an actin-binding protein that plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. However, whether pGSN is involved in other immunological diseases remains unknown. This study focused on the relationship between pGSN and immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: Two hundred patients with IgAN, 200 patients each with several other types of nephropathy and healthy controls (HCs) who underwent kidney biopsies between 2000 and 2014 were enrolled in the study...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Wensi Tao, Robert Moore, Elizabeth R Smith, Xiang-Xi Xu
Disabled-2 (Dab2) is a clathrin and cargo binding endocytic adaptor protein, and cell biology studies revealed that Dab2 plays a role in cellular trafficking of a number of transmembrane receptors and signaling proteins. A PTB/PID domain located in the N-terminus of Dab2 binds the NPXY motif(s) present at the cytoplasmic tails of certain transmembrane proteins/receptors. The membrane receptors reported to bind directly to Dab2 include LDL receptor and its family members LRP1 and LRP2 (megalin), growth factor receptors EGFR and FGFR, and the cell adhesion receptor beta1 integrin...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Nunzia Montuori, Ada Pesapane, Francesca W Rossi, Valentina Giudice, Amato De Paulis, Carmine Selleri, Pia Ragno
The urokinase (uPA)-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is a GPI-anchored receptor that focuses urokinase (uPA) proteolytic activity on the cell surface. uPAR also regulates cell adhesion, migration and proliferation, protects from apoptosis and contributes to epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), independently of uPA enzymatic activity. Indeed, uPAR interacts with beta1, beta2 and beta3 integrins, thus regulating their activities. uPAR cross-talks with receptor tyrosine kinases through integrins and regulates cancer cell dormancy, proliferation and angiogenesis...
November 2016: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
Maria Elisa Perico, Silvia Grasso, Matteo Brunelli, Guido Martignoni, Enrico Munari, Enrico Moiso, Giulio Fracasso, Tiziana Cestari, Hassan Y Naim, Vincenzo Bronte, Marco Colombatti, Dunia Ramarli
The expression of Prostate Specific-Membrane Antigen (PSMA) increases in high-grade prostate carcinoma envisaging a role in growth and progression. We show here that clustering PSMA at LNCaP or PC3-PSMA cell membrane activates AKT and MAPK pathways thus promoting proliferation and survival. PSMA activity was dependent on the assembly of a macromolecular complex including filamin A, beta1 integrin, p130CAS, c-Src and EGFR. Within this complex beta1 integrin became activated thereby inducing a c-Src-dependent EGFR phosphorylation at Y1086 and Y1173 EGF-independent residues...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Soon Young Park, Yuji Piao, Kang Jin Jeong, Jianwen Dong, John F de Groot
Periostin (POSTN) interacts with multiple integrins to coordinate a variety of cellular processes, including epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration. In our previous study, anti-VEGF-A therapy was associated with resistance and EMT. This study sought to determine the role of POSTN in the resistance of glioma stem cells (GSC) to antiangiogenic therapy. In mouse xenograft models of human glioma, POSTN expression was associated with acquired resistance to anti-VEGF-A therapy and had a synergistic effect with bevacizumab in prolonging survival and decreasing tumor volume...
September 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Fuhuan Chen, Xiaotong Yue, Huifeng Song, Jiake Chai, Xiuye He, Tongmin Wang, Lingying Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the phenotypic changes of epidermal stem cells (ESCs) differentiating into sweat glands cells (SGCs) in vitro and its mechanisms. METHODS: ESCs and SGCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, which were identified using immunofluorescence staining. ESCs at passage 2 were divided into 4 groups: ESCs and SGCs co-cultured by Transwell plates in group A, ESCs cultured by simply adding sweat supernatant in group B, ESCs and SGCs co-cultured on Transwell plate adding epidermal growth factor (EGF) (60 ng/mL) in group C, and ESCs and SGCs co-cultured on transwell plate adding PD98059 (10 mmol/L) in group D...
February 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Rina Ortiz, Jorge Díaz, Natalia Díaz, Lorena Lobos-Gonzalez, Areli Cárdenas, Pamela Contreras, María Inés Díaz, Ellen Otte, Justin Cooper-White, Vicente Torres, Lisette Leyton, Andrew F G Quest
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is a scaffolding protein that plays a dual role in cancer. In advanced stages of this disease, CAV1 expression in tumor cells is associated with enhanced metastatic potential, while, at earlier stages, CAV1 functions as a tumor suppressor. We recently implicated CAV1 phosphorylation on tyrosine 14 (Y14) in CAV1-enhanced cell migration. However, the contribution of this modification to the dual role of CAV1 in cancer remained unexplored. Here, we used in vitro [2D and transendothelial cell migration (TEM), invasion] and in vivo (metastasis) assays, as well as genetic and biochemical approaches to address this question in B16F10 murine melanoma cells...
June 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenrong Zeng, Qingjun Liu, Zhida Chen, Xinyu Wu, Yuanfu Zhong, Jin Wu
Recently, the human ether à go-go (eag) related gene 1 (hERG1) channel, a member of the voltage-dependent potassium channel (Kv) family, was determined to have a critical role in cancer cell proliferation, invasion, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. However, the expression levels and functions of hERG1 in osteosarcoma cells remain poorly characterized. In this study, hERG1 transcript and protein levels in osteosarcoma cells and tissues were measured using semi-quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Katja Zscheppang, Ina Kurth, Nicole Wachtel, Anna Dubrovska, Leoni A Kunz-Schughart, Nils Cordes
BACKGROUND: Resistance to radiotherapy continues to be a limiting factor in the treatment of cancer including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Simultaneous targeting of β1 integrin and EGFR was shown to have a higher radiosensitizing potential than mono-targeting in the majority of tested HNSCC cancer models. As tumor-initiating cells (TIC) are thought to play a key role for therapy resistance and recurrence and can be enriched in sphere forming conditions, this study investigated the efficacy of β1 integrin/EGFR targeting without and in combination with X-ray irradiation on the behavior of sphere-forming cells (SFC)...
2016: Journal of Cancer
U Ritz, T Nusselt, A Sewing, T Ziebart, K Kaufmann, A Baranowski, P M Rommens, Alexander Hofmann
OBJECTIVES: Targeted modifications of the bulk implant surfaces using bioactive agents provide a promising tool for improvement of the long-term bony and soft tissue integration of dental implants. In this study, we assessed the cellular responses of primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) to different surface modifications of titanium (Ti) and titanium nitride (TiN) alloys with type I collagen or cyclic-RGDfK-peptide in order to define a modification improving long-term implants in dental medicine...
January 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Marketa Bacakova, Jana Musilkova, Tomas Riedel, Denisa Stranska, Eduard Brynda, Margit Zaloudkova, Lucie Bacakova
Fibrin plays an important role during wound healing and skin regeneration. It is often applied in clinical practice for treatment of skin injuries or as a component of skin substitutes. We prepared electrospun nanofibrous membranes made from poly(l-lactide) modified with a thin fibrin nanocoating. Fibrin surrounded the individual fibers in the membrane and also formed a thin fibrous mesh on several places on the membrane surface. The cell-free fibrin nanocoating remained stable in the cell culture medium for 14 days and did not change its morphology...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Sukhontip Klahan, Wan-Chen Huang, Che-Mai Chang, Henry Sung-Ching Wong, Chi-Cheng Huang, Mei-Shin Wu, Yu-Chiao Lin, Hsing-Fang Lu, Ming-Feng Hou, Wei-Chiao Chang
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for approximately 15-20% of all types of breast cancer, and treatment is still limited. This type of breast cancer shows a high risk of recurrence, visceral metastasis, a worse prognosis, and shorter distant metastasis-free survival. Several studies have been reported that genetics factors are associated with breast cancer disease progression and patients' survival. In this study, we combined Taiwanese microarray data from the GEO database and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to study the role of Integrin Beta1 (ITGB1) in TNBC...
February 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Khalid Sossey-Alaoui, Edward F Plow
UNLABELLED: Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men, second only to lung cancer, mainly due to disease reoccurrence as a result to lack of response to androgen deprivation therapies (ADT) after castration. Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) have very limited treatment options, with docetaxel as the first-line standard of care, for which resistance to this chemotherapeutic ultimately develops. Therefore, finding ways to sensitize tumors to chemotherapies and to limit chemoresistance provides a viable strategy to extend the survival of mCRPC patients...
February 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Kai Zhang, Wei Ding, Wei Sun, Xiao-jiang Sun, You-zhuan Xie, Chang-qing Zhao, Jie Zhao
Low back pain is associated with intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) due to cellular loss through apoptosis. Mechanical factors play an important role in maintaining the survival of the annulus fibrosus (AF) cells and the deposition of extracellular matrix. However, the mechanisms that excessive mechanical forces lead to AF cell apoptosis are not clear. The present study was to look for how AF cells sense mechanical changes. In vivo experiments, the involvement of mechanoreceptors in apoptosis was examined by RT-PCR and/or immunoblotting in the lumbar spine of rats subjected to unbalanced dynamic and static forces...
January 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Nazanin Ruppender, Sandy Larson, Bryce Lakely, Lori Kollath, Lisha Brown, Ilsa Coleman, Roger Coleman, Holly Nguyen, Peter S Nelson, Eva Corey, Linda A Snyder, Robert L Vessella, Colm Morrissey, Hung-Ming Lam
Dissemination of prostate cancer (PCa) cells to the bone marrow is an early event in the disease process. In some patients, disseminated tumor cells (DTC) proliferate to form active metastases after a prolonged period of undetectable disease known as tumor dormancy. Identifying mechanisms of PCa dormancy and reactivation remain a challenge partly due to the lack of in vitro models. Here, we characterized in vitro PCa dormancy-reactivation by inducing cells from three patient-derived xenograft (PDX) lines to proliferate through tumor cell contact with each other and with bone marrow stroma...
2015: PloS One
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