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Cardiovascular health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911073/reducing-risky-alcohol-use-what-health-care-systems-can-do
#1
Amity E Quinn, Mary Brolin, Maureen T Stewart, Brooke Evans, Constance Horgan
Risky, non-dependent alcohol use is prevalent in the United States, affecting 25% of adults (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014b). Massachusetts has higher rates of alcohol use and binge drinking than most states (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015). Serious physical, social, and economic consequences result. Excessive alcohol use contributes to cancer, cardiovascular disease, sleep disorders, birth defects, motor vehicle injuries, and suicide, and it complicates management of chronic illnesses (Green, McKnight-Eily, Tan, Mejia, & Denny, 2016; Laramee et al...
April 27, 2016: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909694/2015-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-in-the-philippines-executive-summary-dyslipidemia-guidelines-2015
#2
Adriel E Guerrero
The Philippine Heart Association, the Philippine Lipid and Atherosclerosis Society, and the Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, collaborated to develop the 2015 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2015 CPG). These guidelines are meant to update the 2005 Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2005 CPG). A panel of experts in the fields of dyslipidemia, cardiology, endocrinology and epidemiology were assembled to comprise the technical research committee (TRC) tasked to review available clinical evidence on dyslipidemia management...
October 2016: ASEAN Heart Journal: Official Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906041/implementation-of-the-better-2-program-a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-of-a-novel-way-to-improve-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening-in-primary-care
#3
Nicolette Sopcak, Carolina Aguilar, Mary Ann O'Brien, Candace Nykiforuk, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Richard Cullen, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Patricia Manca
BACKGROUND: BETTER (Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care) is a patient-based intervention to improve chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and associated lifestyle factors in patients aged 40 to 65. The key component of BETTER is a prevention practitioner (PP), a health care professional with specialized skills in CDPS who meets with patients to develop a personalized prevention prescription, using the BETTER toolkit and Brief Action Planning...
December 1, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905351/-visualizing-research-lines-in-public-health-an-analysis-based-on-bibliometric-maps-applied-to-the-revista-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-2006-2015
#4
Carmen Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: Identifying research lines is essential to understand the knowledge structure of a scientific domain. The aim of this study was to identify the main research topics of within the domain of public health, in the Revista Española de Saslud Pública during 2006-2015. METHODS: Original articles included in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) database, available online through the Web of Science (WoS), were selected. The analysis units used were the keywords, KeyWords Plus (KW+), extracted automatically by SSCI...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903049/associations-between-time-spent-in-green-areas-and-physical-activity-among-late-middle-aged-adults
#5
Bart Dewulf, Tijs Neutens, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Steven Broekx, Carolien Beckx, Nico Van de Weghe
Physical activity is an important facilitator for health and wellbeing, especially for late middle-aged adults, who are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. Physical activity performed in green areas is supposed to be particularly beneficial, so we studied whether late middle- aged adults are more active in green areas than in non-green areas and how this is influenced by individual characteristics and the level of neighbourhood greenness. We tracked 180 late middle-aged (58 to 65 years) adults using global positioning system and accelerometer data to know whether and where they were sedentary or active...
November 16, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868363/the-long-term-productivity-impacts-of-all-cause-premature-mortality-in-australia
#6
Hannah E Carter, Deborah Schofield, Rupendra Shrestha
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the long-term productivity impacts of all-cause premature mortality in Australia by age, sex and cause of death. METHODS: Using a human capital approach, a model was developed to estimate both the working years and present value of lifetime income (PVLI) lost due to premature deaths that occurred in 2003. Outcomes were modelled on individual level data to the year 2030. A discount rate of 3% was applied and results are presented in 2015 Australian dollars...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842962/haze-public-health-and-mitigation-measures-in-china-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-for-further-policy-response
#7
Jinghong Gao, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Lei Xu, Jing Li, Jun Yang, Jing Li, Lina Cao, Xiaobo Liu, Haixia Wu, Qiyong Liu
With rapid economic development, China has been plagued by choking air pollution in recent years, and the frequent occurrence of haze episodes has caused widespread public concern. The purpose of this study is to describe the sources and formation of haze, summarize the mitigation measures in force, review the relationship between haze pollution and public health, and to discuss the challenges, potential research directions and policy options. Haze pollution has both natural and man-made causes, though it is anthropogenic sources that are the major contributors...
November 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837472/exposure-to-pm10-no2-and-o3-and-impacts-on-human-health
#8
Yusef Omidi Khaniabadi, Gholamreza Goudarzi, Seyed Mohammad Daryanoosh, Alessandro Borgini, Andrea Tittarelli, Alessandra De Marco
Air pollution is emerging as a risk factor for human health like cancer and other health outcomes in developing countries, especially Iran where air pollutant concentrations are elevated. Additionally, some of the crucial environmental problems are caused by air pollution. Nevertheless, the data on health effects of air pollution are limited. The main objective of this study was to assess the health impacts attributed to particulate matter less than 10 μg/m(3) (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3) in Kermanshah City (Iran)...
November 12, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821671/cost-effectiveness-of-case-finding-strategies-for-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-modelling-study
#9
Catriona Crossan, Joanne Lord, Ronan Ryan, Leo Nherera, Tom Marshall
BACKGROUND: Policies of active case finding for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in healthy adults are common, but economic evaluation has not investigated targeting such strategies at those who are most likely to benefit. AIM: To assess the cost effectiveness of targeted case finding for CVD prevention. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cost-effectiveness modelling in an English primary care population. METHOD: A cohort of 10 000 individuals aged 30-74 years and without existing CVD or diabetes was sampled from The Health Improvement Network database, a large primary care database...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802278/projected-impact-of-mexico-s-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-policy-on-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-modeling-study
#10
Luz Maria Sánchez-Romero, Joanne Penko, Pamela G Coxson, Alicia Fernández, Antoinette Mason, Andrew E Moran, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Michelle Odden, Simón Barquera, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Rates of diabetes in Mexico are among the highest worldwide. In 2014, Mexico instituted a nationwide tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in order to reduce the high level of SSB consumption, a preventable cause of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We used an established computer simulation model of CVD and country-specific data on demographics, epidemiology, SSB consumption, and short-term changes in consumption following the SSB tax in order to project potential long-range health and economic impacts of SSB taxation in Mexico...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800662/awareness-and-prevalence-of-diabetes-hypertension-and-hypercholesterolemia-in-malaysia
#11
Steven T Yen, Andrew K G Tan, Mustapha I Feisul
BACKGROUND: Policy interventions of cardiovascular diseases require individual awareness of ailments. Such awareness is also key to changes by individuals in lifestyle and dietary habits. This study investigates the association of socio-demographic and health-lifestyle factors with awareness and prevalence of three ailments: diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: Data are obtained from the Malaysia Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance-1. Logistic regressions are estimated and odds ratios of exposure variables calculated...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796780/prevention-and-care-programs-addressing-the-growing-prevalence-of-diabetes-in-china
#12
REVIEW
Junmei Yin, Alice P S Kong, Juliana C N Chan
According to a 2010 national survey, 11 % of adults in China have diabetes, affecting 109.6 million individuals. The high prevalence of diabetes has been attributed to the aging of the population, the rapid adoption of energy-dense foods, and a reduction in physical activity. Collectively, these secular changes have created an obesogenic environment that can unmask diabetes in subjects with a genetic predisposition. The growing prevalence of maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, childhood obesity, and early-onset disease can lead to premature morbidity and mortality...
December 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794567/budgetary-impact-analysis-of-reimbursement-varenicline-for-the-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-or-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-national-health-system-perspective
#13
Sergio Cedillo, Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Carlos A Jiménez-Ruiz, Jaime Fernández de Bobadilla, Javier Rejas-Gutiérrez
AIMS: The study aimed to assess the budgetary impact (BI) of reimbursing varenicline in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), type-2 diabetes mellitus (t2-DM) or cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHODS: The BI was estimated comparing the current non-reimbursed scenario versus a projected reimbursed scenario using the Spanish National Health System (SNHS) perspective. A hybrid model was developed using epidemiological data and Markov chains to estimate smoking cessation rates with varenicline during a 5-year horizon...
October 29, 2016: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793212/the-newfoundland-and-labrador-bariatric-surgery-cohort-study-rational-and-study-protocol
#14
Laurie K Twells, Deborah M Gregory, William K Midodzi, Carla Dillon, Christopher S Kovacs, Don MacDonald, Kendra K Lester, David Pace, Chris Smith, Darrell Boone, Raleen Murphy
BACKGROUND: In Canada, there has been a disproportionate increase in adults with Class II (BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2)) or Class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) affecting 9 % of Canadians with increases projected. Individuals affected by severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35) are at increased risk of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, impaired quality of life, and premature mortality. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), a relatively new type of bariatric surgery, is growing in popularity as a treatment...
October 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792637/influence-of-ethnicity-age-and-time-on-sex-disparities-in-long-term-cause-specific-mortality-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
Fei Gao, Carolyn S P Lam, Khung Keong Yeo, David Machin, Leonardo P de Carvalho, Ling Ling Sim, Tian Hai Koh, David Foo, Hean Yee Ong, Khim Leng Tong, Huay Cheem Tan, Arul Earnest, Terrance Chua, Mark Yan Yee Chan
BACKGROUND: We examined the influence of sex, ethnicity, and time on competing cardiovascular and noncardiovascular causes of death following acute myocardial infarction in a multiethnic Asian cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: For 12 years, we followed a prospective nationwide cohort of 15 151 patients (aged 22-101 years, median age 63 years; 72.3% male; 66.7% Chinese, 19.8% Malay, 13.5% Indian) who were hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction between 2000 and 2005...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792207/daly-based-health-risk-assessment-of-construction-noise-in-beijing-china
#16
Jun Xiao, Xiaodong Li, Zhihui Zhang
Noise produced by construction activities has become the second most serious acoustic polluting element in China. To provide industry practitioners with a better understanding of the health risks of construction noise and to aid in creating environmentally friendly construction plans during early construction stages, we developed a quantitative model to assess the health impairment risks (HIA) associated with construction noise for individuals living adjacent to construction sites. This model classifies noise-induced health impairments into four categories: cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance, and annoyance, and uses disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as an indicator of damage...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785652/future-directions-of-multiple-behavior-change-research
#17
Karly Geller, Sonia Lippke, Claudio R Nigg
Non-communicable diseases (i.e., chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes and obesity) result in 36 million deaths each year. Individuals' habitual participation in a single health-risk behaviors substantially contribute to morbidity and mortality (e.g., tobacco use, daily fast food intake, etc.); however, more concerning is the impact of typically co-occurring or clustering of multiple health-risk behaviors. This burden can be minimized through successful cessation of health-risk behaviors and adoption of healthy behaviors; namely healthy lifestyle adoption or multiple health behavior change (MHBC)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775248/health-performance-and-challenges-in-korea-a-review-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#18
Yo Han Lee, Seok Jun Yoon, Arim Kim, Hyeyoung Seo, Seulki Ko
The global burden of disease study (GBD) provides valuable information for evaluating population health in terms of disease burden. This study collected and reviewed GBD data in Korea for the year 1990 and 2013. The burdens of cancer, cardiovascular disease, communicable disease, and injuries have decreased remarkably, thereby greatly diminishing the overall disease burden on Korea. Meanwhile, the burdens due to non-fatal chronic diseases such as neuropsychiatric and musculoskeletal disease became major burden contributors...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769296/assessing-the-burden-of-medical-impoverishment-by-cause-a-systematic-breakdown-by-disease-in-ethiopia
#19
Stéphane Verguet, Solomon Tessema Memirie, Ole Frithjof Norheim
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenses often lead to catastrophic expenditure and impoverishment in low- and middle-income countries. Yet, there has been no systematic examination of which specific diseases and conditions (e.g., tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease) drive medical impoverishment, defined as OOP direct medical costs pushing households into poverty. METHODS: We used a cost and epidemiological model to propose an assessment of the burden of medical impoverishment in Ethiopia, i...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754281/hw-04-1-usefulness-of-big-data-in-clinical-research
#20
Rae Woong Park
Big data indicates the large and ever-increasing volumes of data adhere to the following 4Vs: volume (ever-increasing amount), velocity (quickly generated), variety (many different types), veracity (from trustable sources). The last decade has seen huge advances in the amount of data we routinely generate and collect in pretty much everything we do, as well as our ability to use technology to analyze and understand it. The routine operation of modern health care systems also produces an abundance of electronically stored data on an ongoing basis as a byproduct of clinical practice...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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