Read by QxMD icon Read

Cardiac ep

Ulrich Mayr, Eugen Karsten, Tobias Lahmer, Sebastian Rasch, Philipp Thies, Benedikt Henschel, Gerrit Fischer, Roland M Schmid, Wolfgang Huber
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate mechanical ventilation and prevention of alveolar collaps is mainly dependent on transpulmonary pressure TPP. TPP is assessed by measurement of esophageal pressure EP, largely influenced by pleural and intraabdominal pressure IAP. Consecutively, TPP-guided ventilation might be particularly useful in patients with high IAP. This study investigates the impact of large volume paracentesis LVP on TPP, EP, IAP as well as on hemodynamic and respiratory function in patients with liver cirrhosis and tense ascites...
2018: PloS One
Prabhpreet Singh, Amit Noheria
Invasive electrophysiology (EP) mapping and catheter ablation has increasingly become the standard of care for many cardiac arrhythmias like supraventricular tachycardias, atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular complexes (PVC), and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. In this review, we discuss the recent progress made in the mapping and ablation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Ventricular activation during VF is apparently disorganized, making mapping and interpretation difficult. Prolonged mapping during VF would require mechanical circulatory support as VF causes complete hemodynamic collapse...
March 6, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Nicholas Lowther, Svenja Ipsen, Steven Marsh, Oliver Blanck, Paul Keall
PURPOSE: To describe our magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) simulated implementation of the 4D digital extended cardio torso (XCAT) phantom to validate our previously developed cardiac tracking techniques. Real-time tracking will play an important role in the non-invasive treatment of atrial fibrillation with MRI-guided radiosurgery. In addition, to show how quantifiable measures of tracking accuracy and patient-specific physiology could influence MRI tracking algorithm design. METHODS: Twenty virtual patients were subjected to simulated MRI scans that closely model the proposed real-world scenario to allow verification of the tracking technique's algorithm...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Mark Webster, Sanjeevan Pasupati, Nigel Lever, Martin Stiles
OBJECTIVE: This first-in-human study evaluated the safety and technical feasibility of the Tempo temporary cardiac pacing lead (BioTrace Medical), which includes a novel fixation mechanism and soft tip. BACKGROUND: Complications of temporary pacing leads include dislodgment, arrhythmias, and ventricular perforation. Temporary pacing applications have increased with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) growth, for rapid pacing during balloon valvuloplasty (BAV) and valve deployment, and for periprocedural bradyarrhythmia support...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Hourong Zhou, Jia Huang, Li Zhu, Yu Cao
Activation of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is one of the pathological mechanisms associated with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury following resuscitation. The present study aimed to determine whether erythropoietin (EPO) improves post‑resuscitation myocardial dysfunction and how it affects the renin‑angiotensin system. Sprague‑Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham, vehicle, epinephrine (EP), EPO and EP + EPO groups. Excluding the sham group, all groups underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) 4 min after asphyxia‑induced cardiac arrest (CA)...
January 24, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal
Objective: To compare the results of expectant management, single and multidose methotrexate (MTX) and surgical management of ectopic pregnancy (EP). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, the original files of 233 patients who were treated for EP between May 2009 and December 2016 were analyzed. The patients were assigned to the following groups based on the applied treatment methods: Group 1, expectant management (n = 24), Group 2, single-dose MTX (n = 144), Group 3, multiple-dose MTX (n = 25), and Group 4, surgical intervention (n = 40)...
January 2018: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Chun-Chieh Chao, Yi-Chun Chen, Chun-Ming Shih, Sen-Kuang Hou, Raghu R Seethala, Imoigele P Aisiku, Chuan-Chin Huang, Peter C Hou, Wei-Fong Kao
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated the use of a smartphone application to facilitate communication between the emergency physician (EP) and the interventional cardiologist in order to minimize the time to cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) activation and time to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We retrospectively collected pertinent time-points in the management of patients diagnosed with STEMI in the emergency department and their outcome...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Alexander Wutzler, Carlo De Asmundis, Hisao Matsuda, Marwin Bannehr, Lena Loehr, Katharina Voelk, Johannes Jungmann, Martin Huemer, Philipp Attanasio, Abdul Parwani, Leif-Hendrik Boldt, Pedro Brugada, Wilhelm Haverkamp
BACKGROUND: Propofol is commonly used for procedural sedation in interventional electrophysiology. However, ventricular arrhythmias under Propofol have been reported. Our aim was to investigate ventricular repolarization and incidence of ventricular arrhythmias under Propofol infusion in adults with cardiac arrhythmias. METHODS: QRS, QTcB (Bazett), QTcFri (Fridericia), JTc, measurement of T peak to Tend time (Tp-e ) at baseline and under Propofol infusion was performed in 235 patients...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
Felix Bourier, Bernhard Schwarz, Amir Brkic, Lara Wolff, Verena Semmler, Marc Kottmaier, Elena Risse, Marta Telishevska, Stephanie Brooks, Sarah Lengauer, Marielouise Kornmayer, Katharina Koch-Büttner, Florian Berger, Gabriele Hessling, Isabel Deisenhofer, Tilko Reents
INTRODUCTION: For radiofrequency (RF) ablation, the EP Shuttle® (Stockert GmbH, Freiburg, Germany), Ampere® (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA), and SmartAblate® (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA) generator models are most frequently used in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between selected and delivered RF power for different generators. METHODS AND RESULTS: In an experimental setup, ablation catheters were connected to the EP Shuttle® , Ampere® , and SmartAblate® generators...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Jakob Lüker, Arian Sultan, Tobias Plenge, Samuel Lee, Jan-Hendrik van den Bruck, Daniel Steven
BACKGROUND: Propofol is one of the most commonly used intravenous anaesthetic drugs for surgical procedures. The use of propofol for sedation is also common practice during endoscopic procedures, electrophysiology studies, and ablation procedures, as well as pacemaker and defibrillator implantation. It was found that propofol alters the electrophysiologic properties of the heart and its conduction system. The effects of propofol on pacing thresholds are unknown and could have implications for pacemaker (PM) and defibrillator (ICD) implantation procedures, as well as sedation and anaesthesia in PM and ICD patients in general...
November 14, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Philipp Attanasio, Tobias Schreiber, Abdul Parwani, Philipp Lacour, Burkert Pieske, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Florian Blaschke, Martin Huemer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Antiscatter grids improve image contrast by absorbing scattered x-ray beams, although by removing the antiscatter grid patient dose can be reduced as more x-ray beams reach the image receptor. Additionally, there is a trend toward ultra-low frame rates for radiation dose reduction during various electrophysiology procedures. As for most cardiac device implantations (CIED) image quality demands are usually modest, the purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of an ultra-low frame rate and scatter grid-less radiation protocol...
December 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, Anees Thajudeen, Narayanan Namboodiri, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
A 30year old patient presented to us with recurrent episodes of palpitation and documented tachycardia. In all his presentations a wide QRS tachycardia was recorded. The baseline ECG showed pre excitation. The 12 lead ECG of the tachycardia and the baseline ECG is shown in Fig. 1A. During EP study the patient had baseline pre excitation and the HV interval was 16 ms. A duo-decapolar halo (HL) catheter was used to map right atrium and a decapolar coronary sinus (CS) catheter was used to map coronary sinus...
March 2017: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Justin Z Lee, Jayna Ling, Nancy N Diehl, David O Hodge, Deepak Padmanabhan, Ammar M Killu, Malini Madhavan, Peter A Noseworthy, Suraj Kapa, Christopher J McLeod, Yong-Mei Cha, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Komandoor Srivathsan, Fred M Kusumoto, Win-Kuang Shen, Paul A Friedman, Thomas M Munger, Samuel J Asirvatham, Douglas L Packer, Siva K Mulpuru
BACKGROUND: Recognition of rates and causes of hard, patient-centered outcomes of death and cerebrovascular events (CVEs) after heart rhythm disorder management (HRDM) procedures is an essential step for the development of quality improvement programs in electrophysiology laboratories. Our primary aim was to assess and characterize death and CVEs (stroke or transient ischemic attack) after HRDM procedures over a 17-year period. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing HRDM procedures between January 2000 and November 2016 at the Mayo Clinic...
January 2, 2018: Circulation
Stefano Fumagalli, Tatjana S Potpara, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Kristina H Haugaa, Dan Dobreanu, Alessandro Proclemer, Nikolaos Dagres
The age of patients presenting with complex arrhythmias is increasing. Frailty is a multifaceted syndrome characterized by an increased vulnerability to stressors and a decreased ability to maintain homeostasis. The prevalence of frailty is associated with age. The aims of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) EP Wire survey were to evaluate the proportion of patients with frailty and its influence on the clinical management of arrhythmias. A total of 41 centres-members of the EHRA Electrophysiology Research Network-in 14 European countries completed the web-based questionnaire in June 2017...
November 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Massimiliano Maines, Alessandro Zorzi, Giancarlo Tomasi, Carlo Angheben, Domenico Catanzariti, Lucio Piffer, Maurizio Del Greco
Aims: Implantable loop recorders (ILR) are indicated in a variety of clinical situations when extended cardiac rhythm monitoring is needed. We aimed to assess the clinical impact, safety, and accuracy of the new Medtronic Reveal LINQTM ILR that can be inserted outside the electrophysiology (EP) laboratory and remotely monitored. Methods and results: All 154 consecutive patients (100 males, 63 ± 15 year-old) who received the Reveal LINQTM ILR during the period July 2014-June 2016 were enrolled...
July 24, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Don V Byars, Jordan Tozer, John M Joyce, Michael J Vitto, Lindsay Taylor, Turan Kayagil, Matt Jones, Matthew Bishop, Barry Knapp, David Evans
INTRODUCTION: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a well-established method of evaluating cardiac pathology. It has many advantages over transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), including the ability to image the heart during active cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This prospective simulation study aims to evaluate the ability of emergency medicine (EM) residents to learn TEE image acquisition techniques and demonstrate those techniques to identify common pathologic causes of cardiac arrest...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jason P Stopyra, James E Winslow, David M Fitzgerald, William P Bozeman
BACKGROUND: Case reports of cardiac arrest in temporal proximity to Conducted Electrical Weapon(CEW) exposure raise legitimate concerns about this as a rare possibility. In this pilot study, we respectfully navigate the oversight and regulatory hurdles and demonstrate the intra-shock electrocardiographic effects of an intentional transcardiac CEW discharge using subcutaneous probes placed directly across the precordium of patients with a previously implanted intracardiac EKG sensing lead...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Viviane Timmermann, Lars A Dejgaard, Kristina H Haugaa, Andrew G Edwards, Joakim Sundnes, Andrew D McCulloch, Samuel T Wall
Mechanically-induced alterations in cardiac electrophysiology are referred to as mechano-electric feedback (MEF), and play an important role in electrical regulation of cardiac performance. The influence of mechanical stress and strain on electrophysiology has been investigated at all levels, however the role of MEF in arrhythmia remains poorly understood. During the normal contraction of the heart, mechano-sensitive processes are an implicit component of cardiac activity. Under abnormal mechanical events, stretch-activated mechanisms may contribute to local or global changes in electrophysiology (EP)...
November 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Henry Chubb, Steven E Williams, John Whitaker, James L Harrison, Reza Razavi, Mark O'Neill
MR-guidance of electrophysiological (EP) procedures offers the potential for enhanced arrhythmia substrate assessment, improved procedural guidance and real-time assessment of ablation lesion formation. Accurate device tracking techniques, using both active and passive methods, have been developed to offer an interface similar to electroanatomic mapping platforms, and MR-compatible EP equipment continues to be developed. Progress to clinical implementation of these technically complex fields has been relatively slow over the last 10 years, but recent developments have led to successful clinical experience...
June 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
Srinath T Gowda, Athar M Qureshi, Daniel Turner, Nitin Madan, Justin Weigand, Richard Lorber, Harinder R Singh
BACKGROUND: Atrial transseptal puncture (TSP) for cardiac catheterization procedures remain challenging in children and adults with complex congenital heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate our experience using radiofrequency (RF) current via surgical electrocautery needle for TSP to facilitate diagnostic and interventional procedures. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients (pts) who underwent TSP using RF energy (10-25 W) via surgical electrocautery from three centers from January 2011 to January 2017 were evaluated...
August 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"