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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694346/a-systematic-review-of-the-worldwide-prevalence-of-survivors-of-poliomyelitis-reported-in-31-studies
#1
Kelly M Jones, Shivanthi Balalla, Alice Theadom, Gordon Jackman, Valery L Feigin
BACKGROUND: Accurate prevalence figures estimating the number of survivors of poliomyelitis (disease causing acute flaccid paralysis) following poliovirus infection are not available. We aim to undertake a systematic review of all literature concerning the prevalence of survivors of poliomyelitis. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from 1900 up to May 2016 for peer-reviewed studies using a population-based approach witha defined denominator and some form of diagnostic or clinical verification of polio...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683197/immobilization-strategies-for-functional-complement-convertase-assembly-at-lipid-membrane-interfaces
#2
Saziye Yorulmaz Avsar, Joshua Alexander Jackman, Min Chul Kim, Bo Kyeong Yoon, Walter Hunziker, Nam-Joon Cho
The self-assembly formation of complement convertases - essential biomacromolecular complexes which amplify innate immune responses - is triggered by protein adsorption. Herein, a supported lipid bilayer platform was utilized in order to investigate the effects of covalent and noncovalent tethering strategies on the self-assembly of alternative pathway C3 convertase components, starting with C3b protein adsorption followed by addition of factors B and D. Quartz crystal microbalance-dissipation (QCM-D) experiments measured the real-time kinetics of convertase assembly onto supported lipid bilayers...
July 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644423/probing-the-interaction-of-dielectric-nanoparticles-with-supported-lipid-membrane-coatings-on-nanoplasmonic-arrays
#3
Abdul Rahim Ferhan, Gamaliel Junren Ma, Joshua A Jackman, Tun Naw Sut, Jae Hyeon Park, Nam-Joon Cho
The integration of supported lipid membranes with surface-based nanoplasmonic arrays provides a powerful sensing approach to investigate biointerfacial phenomena at membrane interfaces. While a growing number of lipid vesicles, protein, and nucleic acid systems have been explored with nanoplasmonic sensors, there has been only very limited investigation of the interactions between solution-phase nanomaterials and supported lipid membranes. Herein, we established a surface-based localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensing platform for probing the interaction of dielectric nanoparticles with supported lipid bilayer (SLB)-coated, plasmonic nanodisk arrays...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638350/branched-chain-amino-acid-ingestion-stimulates-muscle-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-following-resistance-exercise-in-humans
#4
Sarah R Jackman, Oliver C Witard, Andrew Philp, Gareth A Wallis, Keith Baar, Kevin D Tipton
The ingestion of intact protein or essential amino acids (EAA) stimulates mechanistic target of rapamycin complex-1 (mTORC1) signaling and muscle protein synthesis (MPS) following resistance exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the response of myofibrillar-MPS to ingestion of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) only (i.e., without concurrent ingestion of other EAA, intact protein, or other macronutrients) following resistance exercise in humans. Ten young (20.1 ± 1.3 years), resistance-trained men completed two trials, ingesting either 5...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596245/computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Patricia Cooney, Catherine Jackman, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BackgroundDespite the evidence base for computer-assisted cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in the general population, it has not yet been adapted for use with adults who have an intellectual disability.AimsTo evaluate the utility of a CBT computer game for adults who have an intellectual disability.MethodA 2×3 (group×time) randomised controlled trial design was used. Fifty-two adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability and anxiety or depression were randomly allocated to two groups: computerised CBT (cCBT) or psychiatric treatment as usual (TAU), and assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586650/e6-proteins-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-cutaneous-hpv-types-differ-in-their-ability-to-potentiate-wnt-signaling
#6
Sophia Sominsky, Naama Shterzer, Anna Jackman, Beny Shapiro, Abraham Yaniv, Levana Sherman
We recently showed that E6 protein of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16, a mucosal high-risk α-PV type, can potentiate Wnt/β-catenin/TCF signaling. Here we investigated the transcriptional activities of E6 proteins of cutaneous HPV types from the β and α genera. Results from reporter-gene assays showed that similar to HPV16 E6, E6 of HPV10, a cutaneous α-HPV type that is prevalent in skin warts, efficiently enhances and stimulates Wnt/β-catenin/TCF transcription. HPV10 E6 also effectively elevated the expression levels of β-catenin and promoted its nuclear accumulation...
June 3, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571316/co-assembly-of-peptide-amphiphiles-and-lipids-into-supramolecular-nanostructures-driven-by-anion-%C3%AF-interactions
#7
Zhilin Yu, Aykut Erbas, Faifan Tantakitti, Liam C Palmer, Joshua A Jackman, Monica Olvera de la Cruz, Nam-Joon Cho, Samuel I Stupp
Co-assembly of binary systems driven by specific non-covalent interactions can greatly expand the structural and functional space of supramolecular nanostructures. We report here on the self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles and fatty acids driven primarily by anion-π interactions. The peptide sequences investigated were functionalized with a perfluorinated phenylalanine residue to promote anion-π interactions with carboxylate headgroups in fatty acids. These interactions were verified here by NMR and circular dichroism experiments as well as investigated using atomistic simulations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533263/prior-weight-loss-exacerbates-the-biological-drive-to-gain-weight-after-the-loss-of-ovarian-function
#8
Vanessa D Sherk, Matthew R Jackman, Erin D Giles, Janine A Higgins, Rebecca M Foright, David M Presby, Ginger C Johnson, Julie A Houck, Jordan L Houser, Robera Oljira, Paul S MacLean
Both the history of obesity and weight loss may change how menopause affects metabolic health. The purpose was to determine whether obesity and/or weight loss status alters energy balance (EB) and subsequent weight gain after the loss of ovarian function. Female lean and obese Wistar rats were randomized to 15% weight loss (WL) or ad libitum fed controls (CON). After the weight loss period, WL rats were kept in EB at the reduced weight for 8 weeks prior to ovariectomy (OVX). After OVX, all rats were allowed to eat ad libitum until weight plateaued...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530869/ten-questions-with-%C3%A2
#9
Shawn Jackman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528407/effects-of-feeding-strategy-sediment-characteristics-and-chemical-properties-on-polychlorinated-biphenyl-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-bioaccumulation-from-marine-sediments-in-two-invertebrates
#10
H Frouin, P Jackman, N D Dangerfield, P S Ross
Shellfish and sediment invertebrates have been widely used to assess pollution trends over space and time in coastal environments around the world. However, few studies have compared the bioaccumulation potential of different test species over a range of sediment-contaminant concentrations and profiles. The bioavailability of sediment-related contaminants was evaluated using sediments collected from sites (n = 12) throughout the Salish Sea, British Columbia, Canada. Two benthic marine invertebrates-the Baltic clam Macoma balthica and the polychaete worm Neanthes arenaceodentata-were exposed for 28 days in a controlled environment to these field-collected coastal sediments...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507830/dermatitis-due-to-paederus-colombinus-report-of-an-epidemic-outbreak-of-68-cases-in-the-province-of-darien-panama
#11
Lorenzo Cáceres, Jose A Suarez, Carmela Jackman, Amanda Galbster, Roberto Miranda, Ingrid Murgas, Juan Pascale, Nestor Sosa, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
INTRODUCTION: Contact dermatitis due to Paederus is a particular form of accident by animal contact. It is characterized by the sudden onset of erythematous and vesicular lesions with burning sensation on exposed areas of the body. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical findings of an outbreak of Paederus dermatitis in Panama. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological findings of an outbreak of contact dermatitis caused by Paederus sp...
April 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506916/temporary-removal-2017-hrs-ehra-ecas-aphrs-solaece-expert-consensus-statement-on-catheter-and-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Hugh Calkins, Gerhard Hindricks, Riccardo Cappato, Young-Hoon Kim, Eduardo B Saad, Luis Aguinaga, Joseph G Akar, Vinay Badhwar, Josep Brugada, John Camm, Peng-Sheng Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Mina K Chung, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Anne B Curtis, D Wyn Davies, John D Day, André d'Avila, N M S Natasja de Groot, Luigi Di Biase, Mattias Duytschaever, James R Edgerton, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Patrick T Ellinor, Sabine Ernst, Guilherme Fenelon, Edward P Gerstenfeld, David E Haines, Michel Haissaguerre, Robert H Helm, Elaine Hylek, Warren M Jackman, Jose Jalife, Jonathan M Kalman, Josef Kautzner, Hans Kottkamp, Karl Heinz Kuck, Koichiro Kumagai, Richard Lee, Thorsten Lewalter, Bruce D Lindsay, Laurent Macle, Moussa Mansour, Francis E Marchlinski, Gregory F Michaud, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Andrea Natale, Stanley Nattel, Ken Okumura, Douglas Packer, Evgeny Pokushalov, Matthew R Reynolds, Prashanthan Sanders, Mauricio Scanavacca, Richard Schilling, Claudio Tondo, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Atul Verma, David J Wilber, Teiichi Yamane
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
May 12, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482366/agreement-and-reliability-of-fasted-and-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-derived-indices-of-insulin-sensitivity-and-beta-cell-function-in-boys
#13
Emma Joanne Cockcroft, Craig Anthony Williams, Sarah Rebecca Jackman, Neil Armstrong, Alan R Barker
Assessment of plasma insulin and glucose outcomes is important in paediatric studies aimed at reducing future risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The aims of this study are to determine the between-method agreement and the day-to-day reliability of fasting and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived estimates of insulin sensitivity and β-cell function in healthy boys. Fasting and OGTT assesments of insulin resistance and β-cell function were performed on 28 boys (12.3±2.9 years). Measurements were repeated after 1 week (fasting, n=28) and 1 day (OGTT, n=8)...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472650/the-mechanisms-and-functions-of-synaptic-facilitation
#14
REVIEW
Skyler L Jackman, Wade G Regehr
The ability of the brain to store and process information relies on changing the strength of connections between neurons. Synaptic facilitation is a form of short-term plasticity that enhances synaptic transmission for less than a second. Facilitation is a ubiquitous phenomenon thought to play critical roles in information transfer and neural processing. Yet our understanding of the function of facilitation remains largely theoretical. Here we review proposed roles for facilitation and discuss how recent progress in uncovering the underlying molecular mechanisms could enable experiments that elucidate how facilitation, and short-term plasticity in general, contributes to circuit function and animal behavior...
May 3, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457139/optimizing-the-formation-of-supported-lipid-bilayers-from-bicellar-mixtures
#15
Kavoos Kolahdouzan, Joshua A Jackman, Bo Kyeong Yoon, Min Chul Kim, Malkiat S Johal, Nam-Joon Cho
Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are widely studied model membrane platforms that are compatible with various surface-sensitive measurement techniques. SLBs are typically formed on silica-based materials, and there are numerous possible fabrication routes involving either bottom-up molecular self-assembly or vesicle adsorption and rupture. In between these two classes of fabrication strategies lies an emerging approach based on depositing quasi-two-dimensional lamellar, bicellar disks composed of a mixture of long-chain and short-chain phospholipids to promote the formation of SLBs...
May 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434199/repeated-evolution-of-digital-adhesion-in-geckos-a-reply-to-harrington-and-reeder
#16
T Gamble, E Greenbaum, T R Jackman, A P Russell, A M Bauer
We published a phylogenetic comparative analysis that found geckos had gained and lost adhesive toepads multiple times over their long evolutionary history (Gamble et al., PLoS One, 7, 2012, e39429). This was consistent with decades of morphological studies showing geckos had evolved adhesive toepads on multiple occasions and that the morphology of geckos with ancestrally padless digits can be distinguished from secondarily padless forms. Recently, Harrington & Reeder (J. Evol. Biol., 30, 2017, 313) reanalysed data from Gamble et al...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383083/nanoplasmonic-sensors-for-biointerfacial-science
#17
REVIEW
Joshua A Jackman, Abdul Rahim Ferhan, Nam-Joon Cho
In recent years, nanoplasmonic sensors have become widely used for the label-free detection of biomolecules across medical, biotechnology, and environmental science applications. To date, many nanoplasmonic sensing strategies have been developed with outstanding measurement capabilities, enabling detection down to the single-molecule level. One of the most promising directions has been surface-based nanoplasmonic sensors, and the potential of such technologies is still emerging. Going beyond detection, surface-based nanoplasmonic sensors open the door to enhanced, quantitative measurement capabilities across the biointerfacial sciences by taking advantage of high surface sensitivity that pairs well with the size of medically important biomacromolecules and biological particulates such as viruses and exosomes...
April 6, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325117/psychometric-summary-of-the-technology-delivered-tension-scales-for-weight-management
#18
Kelli L Kramer-Jackman, Sue Popkess-Vawter
The purpose of this article is to summarize the psychometric results from studies of the last 25 years of the Overeating Tension Scale, Exercise Tension Scale, Feelings Tension Scale, and Feelings About Weight Tension Scale. These reliable and valid technology-delivered weight management scales can be used by clinicians independently or in combination to longitudinally identify specific triggers of overeating, skipping exercise, feeling low or down, and strong feelings about one's body weight; motivational states, and related tension levels...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294278/controlling-adsorption-and-passivation-properties-of-bovine-serum-albumin-on-silica-surfaces-by-ionic-strength-modulation-and-cross-linking
#19
Jae Hyeon Park, Tun Naw Sut, Joshua A Jackman, Abdul Rahim Ferhan, Bo Kyeong Yoon, Nam-Joon Cho
Understanding the physicochemical factors that influence protein adsorption onto solid supports holds wide relevance for fundamental insights into protein structure and function as well as for applications such as surface passivation. Ionic strength is a key parameter that influences protein adsorption, although how its modulation might be utilized to prepare well-coated protein adlayers remains to be explored. Herein, we investigated how ionic strength can be utilized to control the adsorption and passivation properties of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on silica surfaces...
March 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293950/probing-spatial-proximity-of-supported-lipid-bilayers-to-silica-surfaces-by-localized-surface-plasmon-resonance-sensing
#20
Abdul Rahim Ferhan, Joshua A Jackman, Nam-Joon Cho
On account of high surface sensitivity, localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensors have proven widely useful for studying lipid membrane configurations at solid-liquid interfaces. Key measurement capabilities include distinguishing adsorbed vesicles from supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) as well as profiling the extent of deformation among adsorbed vesicles. Such capabilities rely on detecting geometrical changes in lipid membrane configuration on a length scale that is comparable to the decay length of the LSPR-induced electromagnetic field enhancement (∼5-20 nm)...
March 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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