keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bipolar NOS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579034/no-signaling-in-retinal-bipolar-cells
#1
A Agurto, A H Vielma, B Cadiz, E Couve, O Schmachtenberg
Nitric oxide (NO) is a neuromodulator involved in physiological and pathological processes in the retina. In the inner retina, a subgroup of amacrine cells have been shown to synthesize NO, but bipolar cells remain controversial as NO sources. This study correlates NO synthesis in dark-adapted retinas, through labeling with the NO marker DAF-FM, with neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and inducible NOS expression, and presence of the NO receptor soluble guanylate cyclase in bipolar cells. NO containing bipolar cells were morphologically identified by dialysis of DAF fluorescent cells with intracellular dyes, or by DAF labeling followed by immunohistochemistry for nNOS and other cellular markers...
June 1, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552295/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-bipolar-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Clément Dondé, Ali Amad, Isabel Nieto, André Russowsky Brunoni, Nicholas H Neufeld, Frank Bellivier, Emmanuel Poulet, Pierre-Alexis Geoffroy
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe and recurrent brain disorder that can manifest in manic or depressive episodes. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as a novel therapeutic modality for patients experiencing bipolar depression, for which standard treatments are often inefficient. While several studies have been conducted in this patient group, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis that specifically examines bipolar depression. We aimed to address this gap in the literature and evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of tDCS in patients fulfilling DSM-IV-TR criteria for BD I, II, or BD not otherwise specified (NOS)...
August 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484349/one-year-follow-up-of-patients-with-a-diagnosis-of-first-episode-psychosis
#3
Atena Enderami, Fatemeh Sheikh Monesi, Mehran Zarghami
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of symptoms related to psychotic disorders causes hyper responsiveness, recurrence reduction and quality of life improvement. The aim of this study was one-year follow-up of the clinical course and outcomes of hospitalized patients with first episode psychotic disorders and detection of factors affecting consequences. METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study was conducted during 2012 to 2013 on hospitalized patients at Zare Hospital in Sari, Iran, with any psychotic symptoms and with diagnosis of first episode psychosis...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480486/clinical-correlates-of-age-at-onset-distribution-in-bipolar-disorder-a-comparison-between-diagnostic-subgroups
#4
Mirko Manchia, Giuseppe Maina, Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna, Luca Steardo, Virginia D'Ambrosio, Virginio Salvi, Martin Alda, Alfonso Tortorella, Umberto Albert
BACKGROUND: Admixture analysis of age at onset (AAO) has helped delineating the clinical profile of early onset (EO) bipolar disorder (BD). However, there is scarce evidence comparing the distributional properties of AAO as well as the clinical features of EO BD type 1 (BD1) with EO BD type 2 (BD2). To this end, we studied 515 BD patients (224 BD1, 279 BD2, and 12 BD not otherwise specified [NOS]) diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. METHODS: AAO was defined as the first reliably diagnosed hypo/manic or depressive episode according to diagnostic criteria...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365522/longitudinal-course-and-characteristics-of-cyclothymic-disorder-in-youth
#5
Anna R Van Meter, Eric A Youngstrom, Boris Birmaher, Mary A Fristad, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies suggest that cyclothymic disorder is the most prevalent subtype of bipolar disorder (BD). However, it is rarely diagnosed, especially in youth. This may be because it can be difficult to ascertain whether a youth meets diagnostic criteria. Clearer, easy-to-apply criteria could reduce misdiagnosis. The objective oftable this study was to determine whether proposed research diagnostic criteria for cyclothymic disorder (RDCyc), based on DSM-5 criteria, could be quantified and validated in youth...
June 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360522/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-lamotrigine-for-all-types-of-bipolar-disorder
#6
Yoshinori Watanabe, Seiji Hongo
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the long-term efficacy and safety of lamotrigine (LTG) for bipolar disorder (BP) differs between disease types (BP-I, BP-II, or BP not otherwise specified [BP-NOS]), and the efficacy of the concomitant use of antidepressants (ADs). METHODS: For >1 year, we observed 445 outpatients with BP (diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria) who initiated LTG treatment between July 1 and October 31, 2011, using the Himorogi Self-rating Depression (HSDS) and Anxiety Scales and the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale and also recorded adverse events...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977470/the-utility-of-low-dose-aripiprazole-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-ii-and-bipolar-nos-depression
#7
Tammas Kelly, Daniel Z Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Despite initial reports of efficacy in bipolar depression, multicenter trials did not show aripiprazole to be better than placebo, possibly because the doses used were too high, leading to lower efficacy and high dropout rates. This study evaluated the effects of low-dose aripiprazole. Extensive clinical experience has suggested that doses beyond 5 mg are rarely efficacious. METHODS: Data were gathered from patients with bipolar II or bipolar not otherwise specified depression using a retrospective chart review...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871641/longitudinal-course-of-bipolar-disorder-in-youth-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Xenia Borue, Carla Mazefsky, Brian T Rooks, Michael Strober, Martin B Keller, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim S Diler, David A Axelson, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Neal Ryan, Fangzi Liao, Jeffrey I Hunt, Daniel P Dickstein, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first longitudinal characterization of mood and psychosocial functioning in youth with comorbid bipolar (BD) and autism spectrum (ASD) disorders. METHOD: The Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth study followed 368 youth (aged 7-17 years) with DSM-IV bipolar I (BP-I), BP-II, or Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) for, on average, 9 years using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation. This subgroup analysis compared youth with and without ASD on clinical presentation, percentage of time with mood symptomatology, and psychosocial functioning...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822276/demographic-and-diagnostic-features-of-3147-inpatients-with-mood-disorders-in-iran
#9
Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei, Pari Ghadamgahi, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl, Amir Shabani
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare demographic and diagnostic characteristics of inpatients with mood disorders in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected the demographic, clinical, and treatment characteristics of patients, who were hospitalized during five years from April 2006 to March 2010, in Iran hospital of psychiatry, a residency training center to evaluate the general clinical picture of the disorder. RESULTS: Overall, 95.3% of subjects had a diagnosis of bipolar I disorder (BID), 2...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710762/the-effects-of-cannabis-on-inpatient-agitation-aggression-and-length-of-stay
#10
Joseph M Johnson, Chris Y Wu, Gerald Scott Winder, Michael I Casher, Vincent D Marshall, Jolene R Bostwick
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between cannabis use and the hospital course of patients admitted to the psychiatric inpatient unit with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder. Many confounding variables potentially contribute to the clinical presentation of hospitalized patients in the psychiatric unit. Illicit drug use, in particular, has been associated with acute agitation, and questions can be raised as to what lasting effects drug use prior to admission may have throughout a patient's hospital stay...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570341/psychiatric-morbidity-and-correlates-in-postpartum-women-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Narendra Kumar, Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj, Umashree Koudike, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi
BACKGROUND: A range of psychological disorders occur in women in the postpartum period apart from the traditional blues, postpartum depression and psychosis. These include obsession of infanticide, PTSD, morbid preoccupations regarding child birth and disorders of mother-infant relationships, though they are under emphasized. METHODS: it is a cross-sectional study conducted in the tertiary maternity care hospital. A total of 152 study subjects were interviewed on MINI (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory) and GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning) within 2 weeks after delivery...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497293/impact-of-psychotic-symptoms-on-cognitive-functioning-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients-with-severe-mood-disorders
#12
James B McCarthy, Shira R Weiss, Kristin T Segovich, Baptiste Barbot
Despite established differences in cognitive functioning of adults with mood disorder-related psychosis and those with non-affective psychotic disorders, there is limited evidence of the impact of psychotic symptoms on the cognitive functioning of children and adolescents with mood disorders. This study investigates IQ, working memory, and processing speed scores in 80 child and adolescent inpatients discharged from an intermediate care state psychiatric hospital, using a retrospective chart review. Associations between diagnosis based on DSM-IV criteria (7 with Major Depression- MDD; 43 with Bipolar Disorders-BD, and 30 with Mood Disorders Not Otherwise Specified-NOS), presence of current psychotic features, and cognitive functioning (WISC-IV IQ, Coding, Symbol Search, and Digit Span) were investigated using Multivariate Analyses of Variance...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256508/the-intercalated-nuclear-complex-of-the-primate-amygdala
#13
Basilis Zikopoulos, Yohan J John, Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas, Jamie G Bunce, Helen Barbas
The organization of the inhibitory intercalated cell masses (IM) of the primate amygdala is largely unknown despite their key role in emotional processes. We studied the structural, topographic, neurochemical and intrinsic connectional features of IM neurons in the rhesus monkey brain. We found that the intercalated neurons are not confined to discrete cell clusters, but form a neuronal net that is interposed between the basal nuclei and extends to the dorsally located anterior, central, and medial nuclei of the amygdala...
August 25, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200425/effect-of-acute-lithium-administration-on-penile-erection-involvement-of-nitric-oxide-system
#14
Saleh Sandoughdaran, Hamed Sadeghipour, Hamid Reza Sadeghipour
BACKGROUND: Lithium has been the treatment of choice for bipolar disorder (BD) for many years. Although erectile dysfunction is a known adverse effect of this drug, the mechanism of action by which lithium affects erectile function is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the possible involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in modulatory effect of lithium on penile erection (PE). We further evaluated the possible role of Sildenafil in treatment of lithium-induced erectile dysfunction...
February 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179338/neurocognitive-functioning-in-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder-and-their-healthy-siblings-a-preliminary-study
#15
Isabelle E Bauer, Mon-Ju Wu, T W Frazier, Benson Mwangi, Danielle Spiker, Giovana B Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits have been consistently reported in individuals with bipolar disorder (BD). The cognitive profile of siblings of individuals with BD is, however, less clearly established possibly due to the heterogeneity of neuropsychological measures used in previous studies. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess the cognitive function of siblings of individuals with BD and compare it with that of their first-degree relatives suffering with BD, and healthy controls (HC) using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) - a comprehensive and validated computerized cognitive battery...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995306/pharmacological-targeting-of-redox-regulation-systems-as-new-therapeutic-approach-for-psychiatric-disorders-a-literature-overview
#16
REVIEW
Stefania Schiavone, Luigia Trabace
Redox dysregulation occurs following a disequilibrium between reactive oxygen species (ROS) producing and degrading systems, i.e. mitochondria, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) on one hand and the principal antioxidant system, the glutathione, on the other hand. Increasing recent evidence points towards a pathogenetic role of an altered redox state in the development of several mental disorders, such as anxiety, bipolar disorders, depression, psychosis, autism and post-traumaticstress disorders (PTSD)...
May 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859630/disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-fraternal-or-identical-twins
#17
Mary A Fristad, Hannah Wolfson, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Eric A Youngstrom, L Eugene Arnold, Boris Birmaher, Sarah Horwitz, David Axelson, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine similarities and differences between disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP-NOS) in baseline sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and 36 month course of irritability in children 6-12.9 years of age. METHODS: A total of 140 children with DMDD and 77 children with BP-NOS from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms cohort were assessed at baseline, then reassessed every 6 months for 36 months...
March 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844707/prevalence-and-correlates-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-among-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder
#18
Rachel H B Mitchell, Vanessa Timmins, Jordan Collins, Antonette Scavone, Adam Iskric, Benjamin I Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder phenotype (DMDDP) in a clinical population of adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: DMDD criteria were modified and applied to a sample of 116 adolescents with BD-I (n = 30), BD-II (n = 46) or BD-not otherwise specified (NOS) (n = 40) from a tertiary teaching hospital. Diagnoses were determined via the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children, Present and Lifetime version (KSADS-PL)...
March 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774520/differences-and-similarities-of-risk-factors-for-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-patients-with-depressive-or-bipolar-disorders
#19
Kari Aaltonen, Petri Näätänen, Martti Heikkinen, Maaria Koivisto, Ilya Baryshnikov, Boris Karpov, Jorma Oksanen, Tarja Melartin, Kirsi Suominen, Grigori Joffe, Tiina Paunio, Erkki Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Substantial literature exists on risk factors for suicidal behaviour. However, their comparative strength, independence and specificity for either suicidal ideation or suicide attempt(s) remain unclear. METHODS: The Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium (HUPC) Study surveyed 287 psychiatric care patients with ICD-10-DCR depressive or bipolar disorders about lifetime suicidal behaviour, developmental history and attachment style, personality and psychological traits, current and lifetime symptom profiles, and life events...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682997/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-individual-family-psychoeducational-psychotherapy-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-youth-with-subsyndromal-bipolar-disorder
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mary A Fristad, Andrea S Young, Anthony T Vesco, Elias S Nader, K Zachary Healy, William Gardner, Hannah L Wolfson, L Eugene Arnold
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluates efficacy of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation (Ω3), individual family psychoeducational psychotherapy (IF-PEP), and their combination in youth with subsyndromal bipolar disorders (bipolar disorder not otherwise specified [BP-NOS], cyclothymic disorder [CYC]). METHODS: This study was a 12 week, randomized trial of Ω3 versus placebo and IF-PEP versus active monitoring (AM) using a 2 × 2 design (Ω3 + PEP: n = 5; Ω3 + AM: n = 5; placebo + PEP: n = 7; placebo + AM: n = 6)...
December 2015: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
51223
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"