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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770784/effects-of-two-neuromuscular-training-programs-on-running-biomechanics-with-load-carriage-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Bernard X W Liew, Susan Morris, Justin W L Keogh, Brendyn Appleby, Kevin Netto
BACKGROUND: In recent years, athletes have ventured into ultra-endurance and adventure racing events, which tests their ability to race, navigate, and survive. These events often require race participants to carry some form of load, to bear equipment for navigation and survival purposes. Previous studies have reported specific alterations in biomechanics when running with load which potentially influence running performance and injury risk. We hypothesize that a biomechanically informed neuromuscular training program would optimize running mechanics during load carriage to a greater extent than a generic strength training program...
October 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671473/patient-based-decision-for-resuming-activity-after-acl-reconstruction-a-single-centre-experience
#3
Jean-Yves Jenny, Xavier Clement
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to report the functional outcome following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients who decide when to resume work and normal sporting activity post-operatively. The hypothesis tested was that patient-based decision to return to work and sport was possible without compromising functional outcome and increased the rate of repeat rupture in comparison with the existing literature. METHODS: This was a monocentric, retrospective study...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519678/running-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Kate A Timmins, Richard D Leech, Mark E Batt, Kimberley L Edwards
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition characterized by pain, impaired function, and reduced quality of life. A number of risk factors for knee OA have been identified, such as obesity, occupation, and injury. The association between knee OA and physical activity or particular sports such as running is less clear. Previous reviews, and the evidence that informs them, present contradictory or inconclusive findings. PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to determine the association between running and the development of knee OA...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294169/athletic-performance-at-the-national-basketball-association-combine-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#5
Nima Mehran, Phillip N Williams, Robert A Keller, Lafi S Khalil, Stephen J Lombardo, F Daniel Kharrazi
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are significant injuries in elite-level basketball players. In-game statistical performance after ACL reconstruction has been demonstrated; however, few studies have reviewed functional performance in National Basketball Association (NBA)-caliber athletes after ACL reconstruction. PURPOSE: To compare NBA Combine performance of athletes after ACL reconstruction with an age-, size-, and position-matched control group of players with no previous reported knee injury requiring surgery...
May 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280324/influence-of-a-knee-brace-intervention-on-perceived-pain-and-patellofemoral-loading-in-recreational-athletes
#6
Jonathan K Sinclair, James Selfe, Paul J Taylor, Hannah F Shore, Jim D Richards
BACKGROUND: The current investigation aimed to investigate the effects of an intervention using knee bracing on pain symptoms and patellofemoral loading in male and female recreational athletes. METHODS: Twenty participants (11 males & 9 females) with patellofemoral pain were provided with a knee brace which they wore for a period of 2weeks. Lower extremity kinematics and patellofemoral loading were obtained during three sport specific tasks, jog, cut and single leg hop...
August 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266886/reliability-of-a-qualitative-video-analysis-for-running
#7
Andrew Pipkin, Kristy Kotecki, Scott Hetzel, Bryan Heiderscheit
Study Design Reliability study. Background Video analysis of running gait is frequently performed in orthopaedic and sports medicine practices to assess biomechanical factors that may contribute to injury. However, the reliability of a whole-body assessment has not been determined. Objective To determine the intrarater and interrater reliability of the qualitative assessment of specific running kinematics from a 2-dimensional video. Methods Running-gait analysis was performed on videos recorded from 15 individuals (8 male, 7 female) running at a self-selected pace (3...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136290/stress-fracture-of-the-sacrum
#8
Darren W Hearn, David W Humphrey
A physical therapist evaluated a 25-year-old male military trainee, who reported 1 week of left hip pain exacerbated by running and sitting cross-legged. At follow-up, the patient reported unchanged hip pain and new left knee pain. Due to potential for multifocal stress injuries outside the visual field of a single MRI, bone scan and single-photon emission computerized tomography were chosen as imaging modalities. Imaging revealed a nondisplaced lateral left-sided sacral stress fracture and left calcaneal stress fracture...
November 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128767/the-effects-of-fatigue-and-anticipation-on-the-mechanics-of-the-knee-during-cutting-in-female-athletes
#9
Joseph D Collins, Thomas G Almonroeder, Kyle T Ebersole, Kristian M O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Unanticipated cutting tasks which do not allow for pre-planning of a movement have been reported to promote knee mechanics which may increase the risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury. Fatigue has also been reported to have similar effects. Athletes must often perform unanticipated tasks when they are fatigued. Previous studies have reported that the effects of anticipation become more prominent as an athlete progresses through a fatigue protocol. However, the protocols previously utilized may not mimic the demands of sports participation...
June 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117730/the-5-or-10-km-marikenloop-run-a-prospective-study-of-the-etiology-of-running-related-injuries-in-women
#10
Maarten P van der Worp, Anton de Wijer, Robert van Cingel, André L M Verbeek, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, J Bart Staal
Study Design Prospective cohort. Background The popularity of running events is still growing, particularly among women; however, little is known about the risk factors for running-related injuries in female runners. Objectives The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and characteristics (site and recurrence) of running-related injuries and to identify specific risk factors for running-related injuries among female runners training for a 5- or 10-km race. Methods Four hundred thirty-five women registered for the Marikenloop run of 5 or 10 km were recruited...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103057/is-physical-activity-practiced-as-recommended-for-health-benefit-a-risk-factor-for-osteoarthritis
#11
REVIEW
Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Christelle Nguyen, Rebecca Haddad, Paul Delamarche, Guillaume Paris, Clémence Palazzo, Serge Poiraudeau, François Rannou, Alexandra Roren
In this critical narrative review, we examine the role of physical activity (PA), recreational and elite sports in the development of knee/hip osteoarthritis (OA), taking into account the role of injury in this relationship. The process of article selection was unsystematic. Articles were selected on the basis of the authors' expertise, self-knowledge, and reflective practice. In the general adult population, self-reported diagnosis of knee/hip OA was not associated with low, moderate or high levels of PA. For studies using radiographic knee/hip OA as a primary outcome, the incidence of asymptomatic radiographic OA was higher for subjects with the highest quartile of usual PA than the least active subjects...
June 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061702/injuries-caused-during-military-duty-and%C3%A2-leisure-sport-activity
#12
S Sammito, N Gundlach, I Böckelmann
BACKGROUND: Physical demands on soldiers in mission have increased in the past decades. Physical fitness training is included into duty schedules in most armies in order to achieve and maintain a high physical fitness level, but at the same time involving the risk of sport injuries and subsequent sick days. OBJECTIVE: Due to missing data concerning soldiers' sport injuries during duty and leisure time, epidemiology data is required for adequate prevention and therapy...
April 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779551/sex-differences-in-knee-flexion-angle-during-a-rapid-change-of-direction-while-running
#13
Christopher L Sheu, Aaron M Gray, David Brown, Brian A Smith
BACKGROUND: Females experience greater overall rates of athletic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males. The specific mechanisms of the predisposition remain unclear. HYPOTHESIS: Modeling of knee kinematics has shown that the more extended the knee joint, the greater the strain on the ACL. The authors hypothesized that female athletes would have a lesser degree of knee flexion than male athletes at initial ground contact while performing change-of-direction cutting maneuvers...
December 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702015/sidecut-radius-and-kinetic-energy-equipment-designed-to-reduce-risk-of-severe-traumatic-knee-injuries-in-alpine-giant-slalom-ski-racing
#14
Josef Kröll, Jörg Spörri, Matthias Gilgien, Hermann Schwameder, Erich Müller
BACKGROUND: Kinetic energy (Ekin) increases with speed by the power of 2 and is considered a major risk factor for injuries in alpine ski racing. There is no empirical knowledge about the effect of ski geometry on Ekin. Consequently, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of sidecut radius on the progress of Ekin while skiing through a multigate section in giant slalom (GS). METHODS: 5 European-Cup level athletes skied on three different pairs of GS skis varying in sidecut radii (30, 35 and 40 m)...
January 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603647/effect-of-ski-geometry-on-aggressive-ski-behaviour-and-visual-aesthetics-equipment-designed-to-reduce-risk-of-severe-traumatic-knee-injuries-in-alpine-giant-slalom-ski-racing
#15
Josef Kröll, Jörg Spörri, Matthias Gilgien, Hermann Schwameder, Erich Müller
BACKGROUND/AIM: Aggressive ski-snow interaction is characterised by direct force transmission and difficulty of getting the ski off its edge once the ski is carving. This behaviour has been suggested to be a main contributor to severe knee injuries in giant slalom (GS). The aim of the current study was to provide a foundation for new equipment specifications in GS by considering two perspectives: Reducing the ski's aggressiveness for injury prevention and maintaining the external attractiveness of a ski racer's technique for spectators...
January 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26524090/revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-military-personnel
#16
George C Balazs, Patrick D Grimm, Michael A Donohue, David J Keblish, John-Paul Rue
This study aims to report the clinical and functional outcomes of revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in a young, active duty military population. Patients undergoing revision ACL reconstruction were enrolled in an institutional clinical database and followed prospectively. The primary outcomes were patients' scores on a timed run, as compared with recorded scores before reinjury. Secondary outcomes included scores on the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), the International Knee Documentation Committee subjective (IKDC subjective), the Short Form - 36 health survey (SF-36) version 2, the Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE), and the Tegner activity scale...
August 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346642/observer-rating-versus-three-dimensional-motion-analysis-of-lower-extremity-kinematics-during-functional-screening-tests-a-systematic-review
#17
Liam Maclachlan, Steven G White, Duncan Reid
BACKGROUND: Functional assessments are conducted in both clinical and athletic settings in an attempt to identify those individuals who exhibit movement patterns that may increase their risk of non-contact injury. In place of highly sophisticated three-dimensional motion analysis, functional testing can be completed through observation. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity of movement observation assessments by summarizing the results of articles comparing human observation in real-time or video play-back and three-dimensional motion analysis of lower extremity kinematics during functional screening tests...
August 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26304644/biomechanical-differences-of-foot-strike-patterns-during-running-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Matheus O Almeida, Irene S Davis, Alexandre D Lopes
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: To determine the biomechanical differences between foot-strike patterns used when running. BACKGROUND: Strike patterns during running have received attention in the recent literature due to their potential mechanical differences and associated injury risks. METHODS: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, SciELO, and SPORTDiscus) were searched through July 2014...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276828/impaired-quadriceps-rate-of-torque-development-and-knee-mechanics-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-patellar-tendon-autograft
#19
Paul W Kline, Kristin D Morgan, Darren L Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Brian Noehren
BACKGROUND: Rate of torque development (RTD) measures the ability of a muscle to produce torque quickly. Decreased quadriceps RTD may impair performance of sporting tasks after surgery. Currently, little is known about variations in quadriceps RTD between anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-reconstructed and noninjured limbs. PURPOSE: To determine the differences in RTD of the quadriceps, the rate and timing of knee extensor moment (KEM) development, and knee flexion excursion during running after ACL reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft...
October 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25995176/what-are-the-prognostic-factors-for-radiographic-progression-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Alex N Bastick, Janneke N Belo, Jos Runhaar, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra
BACKGROUND: A previous systematic review on prognostic factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA) progression showed associations for generalized OA and hyaluronic acid levels. Knee pain, radiographic severity, sex, quadriceps strength, knee injury, and regular sport activities were not associated. It has been a decade since the literature search of that review and many studies have been performed since then investigating prognostic factors for radiographic knee OA progression. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study is to provide an updated systematic review of available evidence regarding prognostic factors for radiographic knee OA progression...
September 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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