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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714786/effects-of-a-prophylactic-knee-sleeve-on-anterior-cruciate-ligament-loading-during-sport-specific-movements
#1
Jonathan Sinclair, Paul John Taylor
CONTEXT: Prophylactic knee bracing is extensively utilized in athletic populations, to reduce the high risk from knee injuries, but their role in the attenuation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) pathologies is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current investigation was to investigate the effects of a prophylactic knee sleeve on ACL loading parameters linked to the aetiology of injury in recreational athletes. SETTING: Laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667211/criteria-for-return-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-lower-reinjury-risk-cr-stal-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-in-france
#2
Alexandre J M Rambaud, Bertrand Semay, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoît Morin, Rodolphe Testa, Rémi Philippot, Jérémy Rossi, Pascal Edouard
INTRODUCTION: The decision regarding when to return to sport after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is an important one. Using a variety of subjective and objective parameters, various attempts have been made to determine an optimal timeline for a return to sport after ACLR, but none have been validated.The aim of the present study is therefore to determine which criteria or combination of criteria could allow to return to sport with the lowest possible risk of reinjury...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654811/return-to-running-following-knee-osteochondral-repair-using-an-anti-gravity-treadmill-a-case-report
#3
Karen Hambly, Somruthai Poomsalood, Emma Mundy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of an anti-gravity treadmill return to running programme on self-efficacy and subjective knee function following knee osteochondral surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old otherwise healthy female endurance runner with a left knee femoral cartilage grade 3-4 defect 3 cm(2). The patient underwent single step arthroscopic microfracture with Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate. An AlterG(®) anti-gravity treadmill was used to manipulate loading during a graduated phased return to running over 8 weeks...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632061/the-effect-of-unilateral-arm-swing-motion-on-lower-extremity-running-mechanics-associated-with-injury-risk
#4
Cristine Agresta, Christian R Ward, W Geoffrey Wright, Carole A Tucker
Many field sports involve equipment that restricts one or both arms from moving while running. Arm swing during running has been examined from a biomechanical and physiologic perspective but not from an injury perspective. Moreover, only bilateral arm swing suppression has been studied with respect to running. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of running with one arm restrained on lower extremity mechanics associated with running or sport-related injury. Fifteen healthy participants ran at a self-selected speed with typical arm swing, with one arm restrained and with both arms restrained...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624711/does-the-powers%C3%A2-strap-influence-the-lower-limb-biomechanics-during-running
#5
Henrike Greuel, Lee Herrington, Anmin Liu, Richard K Jones
Previous research has reported a prevalence of running related injuries in 25.9% to 72% of all runners. A greater hip internal rotation and adduction during the stance phase in running has been associated with many running related injuries, such as patellofemoral pain. Researchers in the USA designed a treatment device 'the Powers™ strap' to facilitate an external rotation of the femur and to thereby control abnormal hip and knee motion during leisure and sport activities. However, to date no literature exists to demonstrate whether the Powers™ strap is able to reduce hip internal rotation during running...
June 3, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544949/the-influence-of-shoe-aging-on-children-running-biomechanics
#6
Alexis Herbaut, Pascale Chavet, Maxime Roux, Nils Guéguen, Franck Barbier, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger
Athletic children are prone to overuse injuries, especially at the heel and knee. Since footwear is an extrinsic factor of lower limb injury risk, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of shoe aging on children running biomechanics. Fourteen children active in sports participated in a laboratory biomechanical evaluation. A new pair of shoes was provided to each participant at an inclusion visit. Four months later, the participants performed a running task and their kinematics and kinetics were assessed both with their used shoes and with a new pair of shoes identical to the first...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504066/the-association-of-recreational-and-competitive-running-with-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl, Cynthia L Green, Mohit Bhandari, Jón Karlsson
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background Running is a healthy and popular activity worldwide, but data regarding its association with osteoarthritis (OA) are conflicting. Objectives To evaluate the association of hip and knee OA with running and to explore the influence of running intensity on this association. Methods PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were used to identify studies investigating the occurrence of OA of the hip and/or knee among runners. A meta-analysis of studies comparing this occurrence between runners and controls (sedentary, nonrunning individuals) was conducted...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236094/-diseases-and-overuse-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities-in-long-distance-runners
#8
REVIEW
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#9
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163572/knee-problems-and-its-associated-factors-among-active-cyclists-in-eastern-province-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdullatif K Althunyan, Magdy A Darwish, Moataza M Abdel Wahab
INTRODUCTION: Bicycling is one of the most enjoyable aerobic exercises recommended for the promotion of an individual's health. The Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia has seen a huge increase in the number of people who cycle. People have different goals for bicycling, but the injuries they sustain are common. Most of them relate to overuse, particularly of lower body joints. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of knee problems and factors associated with knee pain in cyclists...
January 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142363/higher-fat-mass-is-associated-with-a-history-of-knee-injury-in-youth-sport
#11
Clodagh M Toomey, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Raylene A Reimer, Linda J Woodhouse, Brianna Ghali, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Historical cohort study. Background History of a knee joint injury and increased fat mass are risk factors for joint disease. Objective The objective of this study was to examine differences in adiposity, physical activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness between youths with a 3- to 10-year history of sport-related intra-articular knee injury and uninjured controls. Methods One hundred young adults (aged 15-26 years; 55% female) with a sport-related intra-articular knee injury sustained 3 to 10 years previously and 100 controls matched for age, sex, and sport, who had no history of intra-articular knee injury, were recruited...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050535/anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscal-injuries-in-sports-incidence-time-of-practice-until-injury-and-limitations-caused-after-trauma
#12
Diego Costa Astur, Marcos Xerez, João Rozas, Pedro Vargas Debieux, Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Moises Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of ACL and meniscal injuries in a population of recreational and elite athletes from Brazil and the relation of these injuries with their sports activities. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 240 patients with ACL and/or meniscal injuries submitted to surgical treatment. Data of patients and sport modality, as well as Tegner score were registered in the first clinical evaluation. The patients were divided into three groups: (1) isolated rupture of the ACL; (2) ACL injury associated with meniscal injury; (3) isolated menisci injury...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977300/preventive-neuromuscular-training-for-young-female-athletes-comparison-of-coach-and-athlete-compliance-rates
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dai Sugimoto, Carl G Mattacola, Heather M Bush, Staci M Thomas, Kim D Barber Foss, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:  Fewer athletic injuries and lower anterior cruciate ligament injury incidence rates were noted in studies of neuromuscular-training (NMT) interventions that had high compliance rates. However, several groups have demonstrated that preventive NMT interventions were limited by low compliance rates. OBJECTIVE:  To descriptively analyze coach and athlete compliance with preventive NMT and compare the compliance between study arms as well as among school levels and sports...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941488/no-differences-between-alter-g-trainer-and-active-and-passive-recovery-strategies-on-isokinetic-strength-systemic-oxidative-stress-and-perceived-muscle-soreness-after-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#14
Matthew B Cooke, Carrie Nix, Lori Greenwood, Mike Greenwood
The incidence of muscle injuries is prevalent in elite sport athletes as well as weekend warriors and strategies that safely and effectively hasten recovery are highly desirable. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between three recovery methods after eliciting muscle damage in recreationally active men relative to maximal isokinetic contractions, perceived muscle soreness and psychological mood states. Twenty-five recreationally active men (22.15±3.53yrs, 75.75±11.91kg, 180.52±7.3cm) were randomly matched by VO2 peak (53...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770784/effects-of-two-neuromuscular-training-programs-on-running-biomechanics-with-load-carriage-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Bernard X W Liew, Susan Morris, Justin W L Keogh, Brendyn Appleby, Kevin Netto
BACKGROUND: In recent years, athletes have ventured into ultra-endurance and adventure racing events, which tests their ability to race, navigate, and survive. These events often require race participants to carry some form of load, to bear equipment for navigation and survival purposes. Previous studies have reported specific alterations in biomechanics when running with load which potentially influence running performance and injury risk. We hypothesize that a biomechanically informed neuromuscular training program would optimize running mechanics during load carriage to a greater extent than a generic strength training program...
October 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671473/patient-based-decision-for-resuming-activity-after-acl-reconstruction-a-single-centre-experience
#17
Jean-Yves Jenny, Xavier Clement
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to report the functional outcome following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients who decide when to resume work and normal sporting activity post-operatively. The hypothesis tested was that patient-based decision to return to work and sport was possible without compromising functional outcome and increased the rate of repeat rupture in comparison with the existing literature. METHODS: This was a monocentric, retrospective study...
December 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519678/running-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Kate A Timmins, Richard D Leech, Mark E Batt, Kimberley L Edwards
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition characterized by pain, impaired function, and reduced quality of life. A number of risk factors for knee OA have been identified, such as obesity, occupation, and injury. The association between knee OA and physical activity or particular sports such as running is less clear. Previous reviews, and the evidence that informs them, present contradictory or inconclusive findings. PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to determine the association between running and the development of knee OA...
May 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294169/athletic-performance-at-the-national-basketball-association-combine-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#19
Nima Mehran, Phillip N Williams, Robert A Keller, Lafi S Khalil, Stephen J Lombardo, F Daniel Kharrazi
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are significant injuries in elite-level basketball players. In-game statistical performance after ACL reconstruction has been demonstrated; however, few studies have reviewed functional performance in National Basketball Association (NBA)-caliber athletes after ACL reconstruction. PURPOSE: To compare NBA Combine performance of athletes after ACL reconstruction with an age-, size-, and position-matched control group of players with no previous reported knee injury requiring surgery...
May 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280324/influence-of-a-knee-brace-intervention-on-perceived-pain-and-patellofemoral-loading-in-recreational-athletes
#20
Jonathan K Sinclair, James Selfe, Paul J Taylor, Hannah F Shore, Jim D Richards
BACKGROUND: The current investigation aimed to investigate the effects of an intervention using knee bracing on pain symptoms and patellofemoral loading in male and female recreational athletes. METHODS: Twenty participants (11 males & 9 females) with patellofemoral pain were provided with a knee brace which they wore for a period of 2weeks. Lower extremity kinematics and patellofemoral loading were obtained during three sport specific tasks, jog, cut and single leg hop...
August 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
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