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Postoperative nausea vomiting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425829/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-versus-midazolam-for-premedication-in-paediatric-anaesthesia-with-sevoflurane-a-meta-analysis
#1
Ji-Feng Feng, Xiao-Xia Wang, Yan-Yan Lu, Deng-Ge Pang, Wei Peng, Jian-Lan Mo
Background Dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α2-adrenergic receptor agonist, produces ideal sedation and early postoperative recovery for premedication in paediatric surgery, reducing preoperative anxiety and facilitating smooth induction of anaesthesia. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effects of DEX and midazolam (MDZ) in paediatric anaesthesia with sevoflurane. Methods PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and Public Health Management Corporation were searched through December 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared DEX and MDZ in children undergoing sevoflurane anaesthesia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424936/preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-versus-perioperative-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-resectable-esophageal-or-gastroesophageal-junction-adenocarcinoma
#2
M C J Anderegg, P C van der Sluis, J P Ruurda, S S Gisbertz, M C C M Hulshof, M van Vulpen, N Haj Mohammed, H W M van Laarhoven, M J Wiezer, M Los, M I van Berge Henegouwen, R van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: This study compares neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) with perioperative chemotherapy (pCT) for patients with resectable esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma in terms of toxicity, postoperative complications, pathologic response, and survival. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed and compared 313 patients with resectable esophageal or GEJ adenocarcinoma treated with either nCRT (carboplatin/paclitaxel 41.4 Gy, n = 176) or pCT (epirubicin, cisplatin and capecitabine, n = 137)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422881/comparison-of-effects-of-desflurane-and-sevoflurane-on-postoperative-nausea-vomiting-and-pain-in-patients-receiving-opioid-based-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-after-thyroidectomy-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#3
Il Jae Yoon, Hyun Kang, Chong Wha Baek, Geun Joo Choi, Yong-Hee Park, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo, Sangseok Lee
In this study, we aimed to compare the effect of desflurane and sevoflurane on postoperative nausea and vomiting and pain in patients receiving opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after thyroidectomy.We reviewed the electronic medical records of 1042 patients administered opioid-based IV-PCA after a thyroidectomy at Chung-Ang University Hospital between January 1, 2010 and June 30, 2016. We classified the patients into 2 groups according to the inhalation anesthetic used for anesthesia: desflurane versus sevoflurane (groups D and S, n = 587 and 455, respectively)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422794/intrathecal-morphine-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Arif Pendi, Frank L Acosta, Alexander Tuchman, Rana Movahedi, Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Ibraheem Arif, Gligor Gucev
STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of intrathecal morphine (ITM) in reducing postoperative pain and opioid analgesic consumption following spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The use of ITM following adult spine surgery is of particular interest due to the ease of access to the thecal sac and the potential to provide adequate analgesia at low doses. However, previous studies of ITM have been limited by small sample sizes and conflicting results...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420629/dexamethasone-versus-standard-treatment-for-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-randomised-controlled-trial-dreams-trial
#5
(no author information available yet)
Objectives To determine whether preoperative dexamethasone reduces postoperative vomiting in patients undergoing elective bowel surgery and whether it is associated with other measurable benefits during recovery from surgery, including quicker return to oral diet and reduced length of stay.Design Pragmatic two arm parallel group randomised trial with blinded postoperative care and outcome assessment.Setting 45 UK hospitals.Participants 1350 patients aged 18 or over undergoing elective open or laparoscopic bowel surgery for malignant or benign pathology...
April 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417897/oral-magnesium-supplementation-reduces-the-incidence-of-gastrointestinal-complications-following-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Seyed Tayeb Moradian, Mohammad Saeid Ghiasi, Alireza Mohamadpour, Yadollah Siavash
Gastrointestinal complications are common after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These complications are ranged from nausea and vomiting to mesenteric ischemia and liver failure. It seems that nausea, vomiting, and constipation are related to magnesium deficiency. This study was designed to examine the effect of oral magnesium supplementation on the incidence of gastrointestinal complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. In a single blinded randomized clinical trial, 102 patients who were undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly allocated into two groups, 52 patients in the intervention and 50 patients in control group...
February 1, 2017: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416997/comparison-of-intrathecal-versus-intra-articular-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-on-postoperative-pain-following-knee-arthroscopy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Eman A Ismail, Jehan A Sayed, Mohamed H Bakri, Reda Z Mahfouz
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a common, distressing symptom following arthroscopic knee surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the potential analgesic effect of dexmedetomidine after intrathecal versus intra-articular administration following arthroscopic knee surgery. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing unilateral elective arthroscopic knee surgery were randomly assigned into three groups in a double-blind placebo controlled study. The intrathecal dexmedetomidine group (IT) received an intrathecal block with intrathecal dexmedetomidine, the intra-articular group (IA) received an intrathecal block and intra-articular dexmedetomidine, and the control group received an intrathecal block and intra-articular saline...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414700/efficacy-of-single-dose-and-2-dose-intravenous-administration-of-ramosetron-in-preventing-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-gynecologic-operation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#8
Banghyun Lee, Kidong Kim, Dong Hoon Suh, Hyun-Jung Shin, Jae Hong No, Jung Ryeol Lee, Byung Chul Jee, Jung Won Hwang, Sang Hwan Do, Yong Beom Kim
This randomized trial investigated whether a 2-dose administration of intravenous ramosetron (5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonist) is more effective than a single-dose administration in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in 89 patients who were scheduled to undergo laparoscopic operation for benign gynecologic diseases and to receive intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for relief of postoperative pain. After assignment at a ratio of 1:1, intravenous ramosetron (0.3 mg) was initially administered at the end of skin closure in all patients...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413279/comparing-slow-and-rapid-bolus-of-ephedrine-in-pregnant-patients-undergoing-planned-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia
#9
Prabu Gunasekaran, Lenin Babu Elakkumanan, Hemavathi Balachander, M V S Satyaprakash
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While ephedrine was the preferred drug for treating spinal-induced hypotension in pregnancy, its use has declined because of resultant fetal acidosis. The objective of this randomized control trial was to compare the effects of a slow and rapid bolus of ephedrine on fetal acidosis, maternal blood pressure, and heart rate (HR) during cesarean section performed under spinal anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty full-term parturients scheduled for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413270/the-effect-of-perioperative-esmolol-on-early-postoperative-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Richard Watts, Venkatesan Thiruvenkatarajan, Marni Calvert, Graeme Newcombe, Roelof M van Wijk
Esmolol has been shown to improve postoperative pain and reduce opioid requirements. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of perioperative esmolol as an adjunct on early postoperative pain intensity, recovery profile, and anesthetic requirement. Databases were searched for randomized placebo-controlled trials evaluating the effects of esmolol during general anesthesia. Primary outcomes were related to early postoperative pain whereas secondary outcomes were related to emergence time, postoperative nausea and vomiting, and intraoperative anesthetic requirement...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410219/the-effects-of-intra-and-postoperative-anaesthesia-and-analgesia-choice-on-outcome-after-gastric-cancer-resection-a-retrospective-study
#11
Yu Wang, Liping Wang, Hong Chen, Yang Xu, Xiaoyu Zheng, Guonian Wang
BACKGROUND: Epidural use can provide a better short-term outcome and protect patients from the postoperative development of tumour recurrence and metastases. In this study, we sought to assess the effects of intra- and postoperative anaesthesia and analgesia choice on outcome after gastric cancer resection, searched for evidence of interaction between intra-and postoperative epidural use and outcomes of gastric cancer patients. METHODS: Four thousand two hundred and eighteen cases of gastric cancer were identified from the Records of Hospital Patients...
March 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406124/comparison-of-patients-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-study
#12
T Sitilci, S Demirgan, C Akcay, N Kahraman, B G Koseoglu, M A Erdem, A B Cankaya
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We analyzed and retrospectively compared patients with and without intellectual disability (ID) who underwent oral surgery under general anesthesia at Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of General Anesthesia, between October 2012 and June 2013 with regard to the following categories: Demographic features, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Mallampati score, type of anesthetic drug used during the operation, type of intubation used, any difficulties with tracheal intubation, presence of systemic diseases, and recovery times after ending general anesthesia...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403420/ice-pops-in-the-recovery-room-effects-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#13
D E Johns, V Gerling, P C M Pasker-de Jong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403408/systemic-lidocaine-fails-to-improve-postoperative-morphine-consumption-postoperative-recovery-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-posterior-spinal-arthrodesis-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
G Dewinter, P Moens, S Fieuws, B Vanaudenaerde, M Van de Velde, S Rex
Background.: It is inconclusive whether the perioperative administration of systemic lidocaine provides effective postoperative analgesia and enhances recovery in major orthopaedic surgery. We hypothesised that in adolescent and adult patients undergoing posterior spinal arthrodesis, a perioperative lidocaine infusion would reduce opioid requirements during the first 24 postoperative h. Methods.: 70 patients undergoing posterior arthrodesis were enrolled in this prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403075/gabapentin-can-decrease-acute-pain-and-morphine-consumption-in-spinal-surgery-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Chuangang Peng, Chen Li, Ji Qu, Dankai Wu
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of patients who underwent spinal surgeries experience moderate to extreme postoperative pain. Gabapentin was used as an adjunct for the management of acute pain in approximately half of enhanced recovery programs. This meta-analysis aimed to illustrate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin for pain management following spinal surgery. METHODS: In January 2017, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google database...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396128/perioperative-analgesic-profile-of-dexmedetomidine-infusions-in-morbidly-obese-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#16
Preet Mohinder Singh, Rajesh Panwar, Anuradha Borle, Jan P Mulier, Ashish Sinha, Basavana Goudra
BACKGROUND: Opioid-sparing analgesia for bariatric surgery in morbidly obese can potentially prevent catastrophic airway complications. Our meta-analysis attempts to consolidate the evidence on dexmedetomidine evaluating its analgesic and safety profile. METHODS: Trails comparing perioperative dexmedetomidine infusion to conventional analgesic regimens for bariatric surgery were searched. Comparisons were made for 24-hour and postanesthesia care unit (PACU) morphine consumed, PACU pain scores, postoperative nausea and vomiting pain scores, and heartrate...
March 10, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393506/-postcholecystectomy-syndrome-in-children-fact-or-fiction
#17
N Gallego Mellado, N Albertos Mira-Marcelí, P Deltell Colomer, M E Kuan Argüello, J Mira Navarro, J Gonzálvez Piñera
INTRODUCTION: The postcholecystectomy syndrome (SPC) is broadly defined and published in adults, whereas in the pediatric population are hardly any articles about it. Up to a third of adults have dyspeptic symptoms without organic cause the first year after cholecystectomy. Our goal is to determine the incidence of SPC in our population. METHODS: An observational study was performed, collecting data from patients who had been done laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our hospital since 2005...
July 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389799/effects-of-hypercapnia-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-surgery-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Ji-Seon Son, Ji-Yun Oh, Seonghoon Ko
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The use of CO2 pneumoperitoneum has been proposed as a potential cause of high PONV incidence. However, intraoperative hypercarbia may be related to enhanced perfusion to the main effector sites for PONV, including the brain and gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we investigated whether an increase in intraoperative CO2 partial pressure in arterial blood (PaCO2) reduces the incidence of PONV...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387892/anesthesia-and-analgesia-in-breast-surgery-the-benefits-of-peripheral-nerve-block
#19
L Calì Cassi, F Biffoli, D Francesconi, G Petrella, O Buonomo
Breast surgery is frequently associated with postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, that result in increased patient's suffering, prolongation of hospital stays and related costs. Thoracic paravertebral nerve block (TPVB) is a viable option to the classic multimodal analgesia in breast surgery as it enhances surgical anesthesia and postoperative analgesia. In this review, we report the results of a number of studies on the role of TPVB in breast surgery. This technique is associated with a superior control of the pain, a reduction in opioids consumption after surgery, a decrease in postoperative nausea and vomiting, and an overall decrease in length of hospital stay...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382293/combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-in-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#20
Sinan Uzman, Turgut Donmez, Vuslat Muslu Erdem, Adnan Hut, Dogan Yildirim, Muzaffer Akinci
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is routinely performed under general, not regional anesthesia. This study assessed the feasibility, efficacy, and side effects of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) in LA. METHODS: Thirty-three American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status classification grade I patients underwent LA under CSEA. CSEA was performed using the needle-through-needle technique at the L3-L4 interspace. Preoperative and postoperative adverse events related to CSEA, patient satisfaction, and postoperative pain levels were recorded...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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