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Postoperative nausea vomiting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343649/increasing-access-to-auricular-acupuncture-for-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#1
Chad B Moore, Anita H Hickey
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) affects more than 30% of surgical patients. Auricular acupuncture (AA) has been shown to decrease the incidence of PONV in select populations. DESIGN: An evidence-based quality improvement project made AA available to all adult surgical patients, and the results were recorded in a database. A retrospective between-groups analysis of 210 database entries was conducted, of those 25 receiving AA. FINDINGS: More risk factors for PONV were present in the AA group (P < ...
April 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340617/the-efficacy-of-pregabalin-for-the-management-of-postoperative-pain-in-primary-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Fei Li, Jianxiong Ma, Mingjie Kuang, Xuan Jiang, Ying Wang, Bin Lu, Xingwen Zhao, Lei Sun, Xinlong Ma
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of pregabalin for the management of postoperative pain in patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHOD: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar databases were searched for related articles using search strategy. RevMan 5.3 software was selected to conduct the meta-analysis...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333299/bilateral-breast-reduction-without-opioid-analgesics-a-comparative-study
#3
Fereydoun Don Parsa, Justin Cheng, Brad Stephan, Nikki Castel, Leslie Kim, Daniel Murariu, Alan A Parsa
Background: Breast reduction has traditionally been performed under general anesthesia with adjunct opioid use. However, opioids are associated with a wide variety of adverse effects, including nausea, vomiting, constipation, postoperative sedation, dizziness, and addiction. Objectives: This study compares bilateral breast reduction using a multimodal opioid-free pain management regimen vs traditional general anesthesia with adjunct opioids. Methods: A total of 83 female patients were enrolled in this study...
March 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328836/the-efficacy-of-periarticular-drug-infiltration-for-postoperative-pain-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Yanyang Wang, Fuqiang Gao, Wei Sun, Bailiang Wang, Wanshou Guo, Zirong Li
BACKGROUND: The ability of intraoperative periarticular drug infiltration (PDI) to control pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been studied for many times, but it still remains controversial. Therefore, we undertook a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PDI on postoperative pain after THA. METHODS: Databases, including Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library, were searched to identify randomized controlled trials concerning PDI for pain management in patients undergoing THA...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328756/pectoralis-and-serratus-fascial-plane-blocks-each-provide-early-analgesic-benefits-following-ambulatory-breast-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#5
Faraj W Abdallah, David MacLean, Caveh Madjdpour, Tulin Cil, Anuj Bhatia, Richard Brull
BACKGROUND: Pectoralis and serratus blocks have been described recently for use in breast surgery, but evidence supporting their analgesic benefits is limited. This cohort study evaluates the benefits of adding a pectoralis or serratus block to conventional opioid-based analgesia (control) in patients who underwent ambulatory breast cancer surgery at Women's College Hospital between July 2013 and May 2015. We tested the joint hypothesis that adding a pectoralis or serratus block reduced postoperative in-hospital (predischarge) opioid consumption and nausea and vomiting (PONV)...
March 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316464/peritoneal-nebulization-of-ropivacaine-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-dose-finding-and-pharmacokinetic-study
#6
Massimo Allegri, Martina Ornaghi, Catherine E Ferland, Dario Bugada, Yash Meghani, Serena Calcinati, Manuela De Gregori, Federica Lovisari, Krishnaprabha Radhakrishnan, Maria Cusato, Stefano Scalia Catenacci, Marta Somaini, Guido Fanelli, Pablo Ingelmo
Background. Intraperitoneal nebulization of ropivacaine reduces postoperative pain and morphine consumption after laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this multicenter double-blind randomized controlled trial was to assess the efficacy of different doses and dose-related absorption of ropivacaine when nebulized in the peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. Patients were randomized to receive 50, 100, or 150 mg of ropivacaine 1% by peritoneal nebulization through a nebulizer. Morphine consumption, pain intensity in the abdomen, wound and shoulder, time to unassisted ambulation, discharge time, and adverse effects were collected during the first 48 hours after surgery...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316223/-biweekly-paclitaxel-and-platinum-chemotherapy-followed-by-surgery-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
L Z Zhang, W W Li, C X Cui, H T Zhang, Y Song, Y S Mao, J Huang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of 20 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma treated in our hospital between January 2012 and March 2016. All patients received biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery. Results: 20 cases received preoperative chemotherapy for 3-8 cycles with an average of 4 cycles...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301483/the-association-between-frequent-alcohol-drinking-and-opioid-consumption-after-abdominal-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Sheng-Chin Kao, Hsin-I Tsai, Chih-Wen Cheng, Ta-Wei Lin, Chien-Chuan Chen, Chia-Shiang Lin
AIMS: It is perceived that patients with a history of frequent alcohol consumption require more opioids for postoperative pain control and experience less postoperative nausea and vomiting than patients without such a history. However, there is scarce evidence supporting this notion. The aim of this study was to assess association between frequent alcohol consumption and opioid requirement for postoperative pain control and occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. METHODS: The medical records for 4143 patients using intravenous patient-control analgesia with opioids after abdominal surgery between January 2010 and September 2013 were obtained, and associations were sought between the cumulative opioid consumption (in intravenous morphine equivalence) per body weight (mg/kg) in the first 2 days after abdominal operation and several demographic and clinical variables by multiple regression analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298781/analgesic-efficacy-of-transverse-abdominal-plane-block-after-elective-cesarean-delivery-bupivacaine-with-fentanyl-versus-bupivacaine-alone-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Roshan John, R V Ranjan, T R Ramachandran, Sagiev Koshy George
BACKGROUND: The analgesic benefit of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for cesarean delivery remains controversial. In our study, we compared the analgesic efficacy of TAP block using local anesthetic bupivacaine and adjunct fentanyl with bupivacaine alone in patients undergoing elective cesarean section. METHODS: Our study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial where sixty patients undergoing elective cesarean delivery under subarachanoid block (2 ml of 0...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298762/comparison-of-butorphanol-and-fentanyl-for-the-relief-of-postoperative-shivering-associated-with-spinal-anesthesia
#10
Venkata Sesha Sai Krishna Manne, Srinivasa Rao Gondi
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare fentanyl and butorphanol for the relief of postoperative shivering in spinal anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Class I and II patients aged 19-60 years belonging to both sexes who were posted for elective surgical procedures under spinal anesthesia were divided into two groups (fentanyl and butorphanol) and monitored intraoperatively for the occurrence of shivering and time taken to control shivering after administration of fentanyl and butorphanol drugs...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298761/a-comparative-evaluation-of-ramosetron-with-ondansetron-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-urological-procedures
#11
Samiullah Mujoo, Zulfiqar Ali, Majid Jehangir, Asif Iqbal, Nargis Qayoom, Abdul Qayoom Lone
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common problem causing distress to patients in the postoperative period. Younger age, gynecological surgeries, laparoscopic surgeries, female gender, volatile anesthetics, increased duration of anesthesia, and postoperative opioid use are associated with increased incidence of PONV. AIM: The present study was conducted to study the efficacy of ramosetron and its comparison with ondansetron in the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing pyelolithotomy, pyeloplasty, and upper ureterolithotomy...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291765/cervical-spine-surgery-complications-and-risks-in-the-elderly
#12
Kris Radcliff, Kevin L Ong, Scott Lovald, Edmund Lau, Mark Kurd
STUDY DESIGN: Cervical decompression (CD) and cervical fusion (CF) patients in 5% Medicare Part B claims data. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the complication rate and associated risk factors after cervical spine surgery using a national sample of elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The number of cervical spine procedures in the United States has risen along with associated hospital costs. Postoperative complications lead to longer hospitalizations and greater costs...
March 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289667/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-under-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-vs-general-anaesthesia-a-prospective-randomised-study
#13
Turgut Donmez, Vuslat Muslu Erdem, Sinan Uzman, Dogan Yildirim, Huseyin Avaroglu, Sina Ferahman, Oguzhan Sunamak
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is usually performed under the general anesthesia (GA). Aim of the study is to investigate the availability, safety and side effects of combined spinal/epidural anesthesia (CSEA) and comparison it with GA for LC. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who have a LC plan were included into the study. The patients were randomly divided into GA (n = 25) and CSEA (n = 24) groups. Intraoperative and postoperative adverse events, postoperative pain levels were compared between groups...
March 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285596/a-small-intestine-volvulus-caused-by-strangulation-of-a-mesenteric-lipoma-a-case-report
#14
Yoshihiko Kakiuchi, Hiroaki Mashima, Naoto Hori, Hirotoshi Takashima
BACKGROUND: An emergency department encounters a variety of cases, including rare cases of the strangulation of a mesenteric lipoma by the greater omentum band. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old Japanese man presented with nausea, vomiting, and upper abdominal pain. There were no abnormalities detected by routine blood tests other than a slight rise in his white cell count. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of his abdomen revealed a dilated intestine, a small intestine volvulus, and a well-capsulated homogeneous mass...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283919/preventing-returns-to-the-emergency-department-followingbariatric-surgery
#15
Jennwood Chen, Justin Mackenzie, Yan Zhai, James O'Loughlin, Rebecca Kholer, Ellen Morrow, Robert Glasgow, Eric Volckmann, Anna Ibele
BACKGROUND: Unnecessary emergency department (ED) visits following bariatric surgery represent a significant source of inefficient resource utilization. This study aimed to identify potential strategies aimed at preventing unnecessary returns to the ED following bariatric surgery. The study was conducted in University Hospital, USA. METHODS: The electronic medical records of all patients who underwent bariatric surgery at our institution between January 2011 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272250/oxycodone-versus-fentanyl-for-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-supracervical-hysterectomy-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nan Seol Kim, Jeong Seok Lee, Su Yeon Park, Aeli Ryu, Hea Rim Chun, Ho Soon Chung, Kyou Sik Kang, Jin Hun Chung, Kyung Taek Jung, Seong Taek Mun
BACKGROUND: Oxycodone, a semisynthetic thebaine derivative opioid, is widely used for the relief of moderate to severe pain. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of oxycodone and fentanyl in the management of postoperative pain by intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) in patients who underwent laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH). METHODS: The 127 patients were randomized to postoperative pain treatment with either oxycodone (n = 64, group O) or fentanyl group (n = 63, group F)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272202/effects-of-combined-epidural-and-general-anesthesia-on-intraoperative-hemodynamic-responses-postoperative-cellular-immunity-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-gallbladder-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jun Zhu, Xue-Rong Zhang, Hu Yang
BACKGROUND: This study is supposed to investigate the effects of combined epidural and general anesthesia on intraoperative hemodynamic responses, postoperative cellular immunity, and prognosis in patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: One hundred forty-four GBC patients were selected and randomly divided into the general anesthesia (GA) group and the combined epidural-general anesthesia (CEGA) group. Before anesthesia induction (t0), at intubation (t1), at the beginning of surgery (t2), 5 minutes after pneumoperitoneum (t3), at the end of surgery (t4), after recovery of spontaneous breathing (t5), after regaining consciousness (t6), and after extubation (t7), the heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and the depth of anesthesia (bispectral index [BIS]) were detected...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271227/clinical-safety-and-effectiveness-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-in-post-operative-analgesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Ning Ma, Joanna K Duncan, Anje J Scarfe, Susanne Schuhmann, Alun L Cameron
Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks can provide analgesia postoperatively for a range of surgeries. Abundant clinical trials have assessed TAP block showing positive analgesic effects. This systematic review assesses safety and effectiveness outcomes of TAP block in all clinical settings, comparing with both active (standard care) and inactive (placebo) comparators. PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library and the University of York CRD databases were searched. RCTs were screened for their eligibility and assessed for risk of bias...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270180/randomized-trial-of-acupressure-to-improve-patient-satisfaction-and-quality-of-recovery-in-hospitalized-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Eric Noll, Shivam Shodhan, Maria Cecilia Madariaga, Christopher R Page, Diane Santangelo, Xiaojun Guo, Ehab Al Bizri, Aurora D Pryor, Jamie Romeiser, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Acupressure therapy may be potentially beneficial in improving postoperative symptoms like postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), pain and sleep disorder and improving postoperative quality of recovery. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of acupressure therapy on postoperative patient satisfaction and quality of recovery in hospitalized patients after surgical treatment. METHODS/DESIGN: This three-group, parallel, superiority, blinded, randomized controlled trial will test the hypothesis that a combination of PC6, LI4 and HT7 acupressure is superior to sham or no intervention for improving postoperative quality of recovery in hospitalized patients...
March 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263232/phase-ii-study-of-adjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-using-docetaxel-cisplatin-5-fluorouracil-before-and-after-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-with-concurrent-docetaxel-in-patients-with-completely-r0-resected-gastric-carcinoma
#20
Yong Liu, Guoqi Zhao, Yi Xu, Tiening Zhang, Zhixiao Chen, Ge Yan, Wenzhi Tu, Ye Hu, Ying Chen, Xia He, Xiaodong Li, Hui Chen, Shengyu Yao, Zhekai Hu, Xuming Chen, Tingfeng Chen
OBJECTIVES: The Intergroup 0116 study has demonstrated a significant survival benefit for completely resected (R0) gastric cancer patients treated with a fluorouracil/leucovorin chemoradiotherapy regimen. However, this regimen is also toxic and less effective in terms of distant disease control. Therefore, a more efficacious and safer regimen is urgently needed. METHODS: Patients with R0 resected gastric carcinoma received up to two 21-day cycles of postoperative adjuvant preradiation and postradiation DCF chemotherapy (docetaxel 37...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
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