keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Postoperative nausea vomiting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907226/paravertebral-block-associated-with-decreased-opioid-use-and-less-nausea-and-vomiting-after-reduction-mammaplasty
#1
David D Rivedal, Harry S Nayar, Jacqueline S Israel, Glen Leverson, Andrew J Schulz, Tamara Chambers, Ahmed M Afifi, Jocelyn M Blake, Samuel O Poore
BACKGROUND: In light of data finding that postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting worsen outcomes, a renewed emphasis has been placed on optimizing the perioperative period. Use of preoperative paravertebral block (PVB) has been shown to reduce opioid administration and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in many surgical populations, though its role in reduction mammaplasty remains undefined. Therefore, we seek to evaluate PVB as an adjunct to general anesthesia (GA) for reduction mammaplasty...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903459/single-injection-adductor-canal-block-with-multiple-adjuvants-provides-equivalent-analgesia-when-compared-with-continuous-adductor-canal-blockade-for-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-equivalency-trial
#2
James D Turner, Sean W Dobson, Daryl S Henshaw, Christopher J Edwards, Robert S Weller, Jon W Reynolds, Gregory B Russell, Jonathan D Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blockade is used to provide analgesia for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. This study compared a single-injection adductor canal block (SACB) with adjuvants to continuous adductor canal blockade (CACB). The hypothesis was that the 2 groups would have equivalent analgesia at 30 hours after neural blockade. METHODS: This was a double-blinded, randomized, controlled, equivalency trial. Sixty patients were randomized to either the SACB group (20 mL of 0...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902215/clinical-analgesic-efficacy-of-dexamethasone-as-a-local-anesthetic-adjuvant-for-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-a-meta-analysis
#3
Qi Chen, Ran An, Ju Zhou, Bin Yang
BACKGROUND: Perineural dexamethasone has been shown to prolong the duration of local anesthetic (LA) effect in regional anesthesia; however, the use of perineural dexamethasone as an adjuvant to to the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block remains controversial. This meta-analysis sought to assess the efficacy of dexamethasone in prolonging the TAP block and enhancing recovery after abdominal surgery. METHODS: We identified and analyzed 9 RCTs published on or before September 30, 2017, regardless of the original language, after searching the following 6 bibliographic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Springer, Ovid, and the Cochrane Library...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890864/effect-of-periarticular-morphine-injection-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomised-double-blind-trial
#4
Kentaro Iwakiri, Yoichi Ohta, Yukihide Minoda, Akio Kobayashi, Hiroaki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The periarticular multimodal cocktail injection is currently commonly used to treat postoperative pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Despite its analgesic effect, it is frequently reported to cause nausea and vomiting, which are adverse effects of opioids. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of morphine as a component of a multimodal cocktail injection for providing postoperative analgesia and alleviating swelling in patients who underwent THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, single-centre, randomised controlled trial involving 100 patients scheduled for unilateral THA...
June 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889743/perioperative-management-and-implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-programs-in-gynecologic-surgery-for-benign-indications
#5
Erin T Carey, Janelle K Moulder
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are a multimodal approach to optimize the surgical experience. Intraoperative and postoperative pain management is essential because the stress of surgery results in significant neurohormonal and metabolic shifts that can influence patient analgesia. Enhanced recovery after surgery programs address the physiologic and psychological factors that contribute to pain outcomes and overall satisfaction scores. A multimodal approach to recovery throughout the perioperative surgical experience is representative of successful pathways...
June 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888123/combined-therapy-of-pulsed-radiofrequency-and-nerve-block-in-postherpetic-neuralgia-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Dan Li, Guohua Sun, Hanzhe Sun, Yanjuan Wang, Zhiping Wang, Jianping Yang
Caused by viral infection, postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common chronic neuropathic pain. Various treatment modalities such as early use of nerve block therapy (NBT) and pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) have been studied in reducing pain, however, no consistent success was achieved in all the patients treated with single regimen. The combined therapy of PRF and NBT with different targeting mechanism are of interest and remains to be determined. Here we investigated the combined effects of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) with nerve block therapy (NBT) in PHN patients in a prospective randomized clinical trial...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881313/perforated-tuberculous-appendicitis-a-rare-case-report
#7
Alemayehu Gonie, Kebebe Bekele
Background: Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 3% of extrapulmonary TB. Tuberculous appendicitis is a rare type of abdominal TB and is seen in only 0.1%-0.3% of cases. Diagnosis is usually made after histopathologic examination of the appendectomy specimen. In Ethiopia, there had been no previous report of perforated appendicular TB, and to our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient with perforated tuberculous appendicitis to be presented. Case report: A 22-year-old male patient presented with complaints of severe abdominal cramp, periumbilical pain, nausea, 2 episodes of nonbilious vomiting, as well as high-grade fever...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869078/efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-laparoscopic-gastric-sleeve-resection-a-randomized-single-blinded-case-control-study
#8
Tarun Mittal, Ashish Dey, Rahul Siddhartha, Abhilash Nali, Bimla Sharma, Vinod Malik
BACKGROUND: Pain following bariatric surgery can be quite troublesome and prolongs recovery. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a new regional anesthetic technique to reduce postoperative pain and is an important part of current analgesic regimen for many abdominal surgeries. The primary objective of our study was to assess the efficacy of the TAP block in controlling postoperative pain in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Secondary outcomes assessed in this study were postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), time to ambulate, readiness for discharge, and whether it leads to improved patient satisfaction...
June 4, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868458/unrestricted-and-restricted-access-to-sugammadex-and-side-effect-profile-in-a-teaching-hospital-centre-for-year-2014-database-audit-study
#9
Vasanth Rao Kadam, Stuart Howell
Background: Sugammadex is used for the rapid reversal of neuro muscular block. It was used on an unrestricted basis in our facility prior to July 2014 but has subsequently been restricted due to the removal of cost subsidies. Our aim is to determine the impact of restricting the use of Sugammadex on clinical outcomes. Methods: A retrospective audit was conducted for the period January 1st to December 31st 2014. Sugammadex use was unrestricted during the first 6 months of this period and restricted over the following period...
February 2018: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864432/more-harm-than-benefit-of-perioperative-dexamethasone-on-recovery-following-reconstructive-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#10
S Kainulainen, P Lassus, A L Suominen, T Wilkman, J Törnwall, H Thoren, A M Koivusalo
PURPOSE: Prospective studies on the effect of dexamethasone after microvascular reconstructive head and neck surgery are sparse despite the widespread use of dexamethasone in this setting. The aim of this study was to clarify whether perioperative use of dexamethasone would improve the quality and speed of recovery. The authors hypothesized that dexamethasone would enhance recovery and diminish pain and nausea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients with oropharyngeal cancer and microvascular reconstruction were included in this prospective double-blinded randomized controlled trial...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860223/intravenous-versus-inhalational-anesthesia-for-pediatric-inpatient-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Patrick Scheiermann, Friederike Herzog, Andrea Siebenhofer, Reinhard Strametz, Tobias Weberschock
STUDY OBJECTIVE: General anesthesia is commonly used in pediatric inpatient surgery. It can be induced and maintained by either intravenous or volatile anesthetic agents. We aimed to elucidate whether intravenous or volatile anesthetic agents are superior with regards to preventing anesthesia-related complications. DESIGN: Using a predefined standardized study protocol we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta-analysis where appropriate searching the following data bases: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, metaRegister of Controlled Trials (until June 2016)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858921/perioperative-antiemetic-efficacy-of-dexamethasone-versus-5-ht3-receptor-antagonists-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Preet Mohinder Singh, Anuradha Borle, Rajesh Panwar, Jeetinder Kaur Makkar, Ian McGrath, Anjan Trikha, Ashish Sinha
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone has many desirable pharmacologic properties for perioperative use. Its antiemetic potential has been a focus of many recent trials. METHODS: Trials comparing dexamethasone to 5-HT3-receptor antagonists (5HT3-RA) for 24 h postoperative vomiting incidences published till August 2017 were searched in the medical database. Comparisons for antiemetic efficiency variables (vomiting incidence, nausea incidence, rescue antiemetic need, and patients with complete response) during early (until 6 h) and late postoperative phase were made...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849609/disparity-between-high-satisfaction-and-severe-pain-in-patients-after-caesarean-section-a-prospective-observational-controlled-investigation
#13
Thomas Hesse, Andreas Julich, James Paul, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Taras I Usichenko
Objectives: Recent advances in the treatment of postoperative pain (POP) have increased the quality of life in surgical patients. The aim of this study was to examine the quality of POP management in patients after CS in comparison with patients after comparable surgical procedures. Methods: This was a prospective observational analysis in patients after CS in comparison with the patients of the same age, who underwent comparable abdominal gynaecological surgeries (GS group) at the university hospital...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845503/transdermal-delivery-of-ondansetron-hydrochloride-via-bilosomal-systems-in-vitro-ex-vivo-and-in-vivo-characterization-studies
#14
Hussein O Ammar, Magdy Ibrahim Mohamed, Mina Ibrahim Tadros, Aya Adel Fouly
Ondansetron hydrochloride (OND) is commonly used for management of postoperative and chemotherapeutic-induced nausea and vomiting. It suffers from low bioavailability (60%) and rapid elimination (t1/2 ; 3-4 h). The current work aimed to develop OND-loaded bilosomes as a promising transdermal delivery system capable of surmount drug limitations. The variables influencing the development of OND-loaded bilosomes and niosomes (18 systems) via the thin film hydration technique were investigated, including surfactant type (Span®60 or Span®80), surfactant/cholesterol molar ratio (7:0, 7:1, or 7:3), and sodium deoxycholate (SDC) concentration (0, 2...
May 29, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843509/aprepitant-in-combination-with-palonosetron-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-female-patients-using-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia
#15
Jae Hwa Yoo, Soon Im Kim, Ji Won Chung, Mi Roung Jun, Yoo Mi Han, Yong Jik Kim
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate aprepitant in combination with palonosetron as compared to palonosetron alone for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting PONV) in female patients receiving fentanyl-based intravenous (i.v.) patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA). Methods: In this randomized single-blinded study, 100 female patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia were randomized to two groups: Group AP (80 mg aprepitant [Emend®, MSD Korea] plus 0...
May 30, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805812/erector-spinae-plane-block-for-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-the-ambulatory-surgical-setting
#16
Kjartan Eskjaer Hannig, Christian Jessen, Uday Kant Soni, Jens Børglum, Thomas Fichtner Bendtsen
Postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be severe. Despite multimodal analgesia regimes, administration of high doses of opioids is often necessary. This can further lead to several adverse effects such as drowsiness and respiratory impairment as well as postoperative nausea and vomiting. This will hinder early mobilization and discharge of the patient from the day surgery setting and is suboptimal in an Early Recovery after Surgery setting. The ultrasound-guided Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) block is a novel truncal interfascial block technique providing analgesia of the thoracic or abdominal segmental innervation depending on the level of administration...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804406/-impacts-of-different-methods-in-laryngeal-mask-airway-positioning-on-the-airway-management-of-elderly-patients-with-general-anesthesia
#17
F Yan, J Li, H J Wang, X Yang, J B Yang, X J Tu
Objective: By observing the clinical effect of ultrasound, fiberoptic bronchoscopy and traditional standard in positioning the general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation in elderly patients, the superiority of laryngeal mask positioning with visualization technique of ultrasound and fiberoptic bronchoscope on airway management in elderly patients with general anesthesia was analyzed. Methods: One hundred and twenty cases of elderly patients with general anesthesia of laryngeal mask ventilation from the People's Hospital of Yuyao city from October 2016 to October 2017 were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups( n =40)according to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading criteria Ⅰ-Ⅲ...
May 15, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803410/prevalence-and-predictors-of-postoperative-thiamine-deficiency-after-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Liyang Tang, Hatim A Alsulaim, Joseph K Canner, Gregory P Prokopowicz, Kimberley E Steele
BACKGROUND: As the vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) becomes increasingly popular, its effect on postoperative micronutrient levels, such as thiamine, becomes more important. We previously found a 1.8% prevalence of thiamine deficiency in bariatric patients before surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of thiamine deficiency at our center after VSG and to explore possible predictors of postoperative thiamine levels. SETTING: University hospital, United States...
March 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798580/-clinical-research-on-perioperative-restrictive-fluid-therapy-combined-with-preoperative-urination-training-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Yiting Lei, Qiang Huang, Shaoyun Zhang, Guo Chen, Guorui Cao, Fuxing Pei
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of restrictive fluid therapy combined with preoperative urination training during perioperative period in an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: A retrospective study were conducted in 73 patients who underwent unilateral THA with liberal intravenous fluid therapy on the day of surgery between April 2015 and March 2016 (control group) and in 70 patients with restrictive fluid therapy and preoperative urination training between November 2016 and April 2017 (trial group)...
November 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793574/retraction-notice-to-granisetron-droperidol-and-metoclopramide-for-the-treatment-of-established-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-women-undergoing-gynecologic-surgery-am-j-obstet-gynecol-2000-182-13-16
#20
Yoshitaka Fujii, Hiroyoshi Tanaka, Yoshiaki Somekawa
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors-in-Chief. In 2012, a number of Editors-in-Chief requested a determination from several universities regarding the body of work published by Dr. Yoshitaka Fujii. An investigation by the University of Tsukaba, Japan, where the above work was conducted, concluded that Dr. Fujii made a false statement that the research had been approved by the Institutional Review Board and a false statement that he conducted the randomized clinical trial by himself...
June 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
51210
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"