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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448896/circulating-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-are-elevated-in-patients-with-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#1
Jordina Munrós, Dolors Tàssies, Joan Carles Reverter, Lidia Martin, Amelia Pérez, Francisco Carmona, María Ángeles Martínez-Zamora
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been described to be related to the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Endometriosis is currently considered a chronic inflammatory condition. Therefore, we performed a preliminary case-control study to compare the circulating plasma NET levels in patients with surgically confirmed endometriosis (E group, n = 82) and those of patients without surgical findings of endometriosis (C group, n = 35). Venous blood samples were obtained at the time of surgery...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442057/inguinal-hernia-repair-in-day-surgery-the-role-of-mac-monitored-anesthesia-care-with-remifentanil
#2
P Palumbo, S Usai, C Amatucci, B Perotti, L Ruggeri, G Illuminati, G Tellan
BACKGROUND: The extension of indications for procedures in a Day Surgery (DS) setting has led to changes in the anesthetic and surgical treatment of Inguinal Hernias (IH). According to the recommendations of the European Hernia Society, the treatment of IH in DS units should be performed under Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 960 patients underwent IH repairs over a period of 24 months. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: R (remifentanil) and F (fentanyl); the group F was considered as a control group...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431049/vitamin-d-supplementation-attenuates-the-behavioral-scores-of-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#3
Hamid Reza Banafshe, Mohammad Javad Khoshnoud, Alireza Abed, Maryam Saghazadeh, Azam Mesdaghinia
OBJECTIVE(S): Neuropathic pain due to lesion or dysfunction of the peripheral or central nervous system is often refractory to the conventional analgesics. Currently, there is no proven treatment to prevent or cure neuropathic pain. A recent surge of new data suggests the potential effects of vitamin D in the medical community. This study was designed to determine whether acute or chronic vitamin D administration was effective in alleviating symptoms of neuropathic pain in a rat model of neuropathic pain...
February 12, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428017/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-traumatic-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-fractures
#4
Ashley P Marek, Jean Dominique Morancy, Jeffrey G Chipman, Rachel M Nygaard, Robert M Roach, Michele M Loor
The incidence of thoracolumbar spine fractures in blunt trauma is 4 to 5 per cent. These fractures may lead to neurologic injury, chronic back pain, and disability. Most studies from United States trauma centers focus on neurologic sequelae and/or compare treatment modalities. However, most patients with spine fractures do not have a neurologic deficit. Our primary objective was to determine the long-term outcome of traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures, specifically addressing quality of life, chronic pain, and employment using a validated patient outcome survey...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422437/effect-of-cold-pack-therapy-for-management-of-burn-scar-pruritus-a-pilot-study
#5
So Young Joo, June-Bum Kim, Yoon Soo Cho, Yong Suk Cho, Cheong Hoon Seo
PURPOSE: Pruritus, a common, chronically disabling condition is often refractory to treatment. The pruritus sensation is mediated in the spinal cord and post-burn pruritus is considered a form of neuropathic pain. We investigated cold pack therapy as a treatment modality for post-burn pruritus. METHODS: We studied 23 patients with severe pruritus scoring at least 5 on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and refractory to antihistamine and gabapentin administration. Each cold pack therapy lasted more than 20min...
February 5, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421838/knee-pain-and-the-use-of-various-types-of-footwear-a-review
#6
Morad Chugthai, Jared M Newman, Samuel Akil, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Nipun Sodhi, Anil Bhave, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
Knee pain is a highly prevalent condition in the United States with multiple etiologies, with two of the most common sources being osteoarthritis (OA) and patellofemoral pain (PFP). These conditions can lead to reduced physical function and a poor quality of life. Various modalities have been used to decrease the amount of knee pain that individuals' experience; however, they are not always successful and can be expensive. Several studies have reported on specialized footwear for symptomatic alleviation of conditions that affect the knee, this is because it has been theorized that certain footwear can alter the forces placed by muscles on lower-extremity joints, and can potentially alleviate pain by reducing the load placed on the joint...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420795/the-burden-of-opioid-induced-constipation-in-younger-patients-with-chronic-noncancer-pain
#7
Anita Gupta, Karin S Coyne, Catherine Datto, Christine Venuti
Objective: The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the experience of opioid-induced constipation in younger patients and identify differences in the experience of opioid-induced constipation and its symptoms between younger patients (<50 years) and older patients (50-64 years). Design: Post hoc analysis of data from a 24-week prospective, multinational, longitudinal observational cohort study (NCT01928953). Setting: Outpatient clinics in the United States, Canada, Germany, and United Kingdom...
February 6, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417855/intra-articular-application-of-pulsed-radiofrequency-combined-with-viscosupplementation-for-improvement-of-knee-osteoarthritis-symptoms-a-single-centre-prospective-study
#8
D Filippiadis, G Velonakis, A Mazioti, C Konstantos, E Brountzos, N Kelekis, A Kelekis
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the effectiveness of intra-articular application of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) combined with viscosupplementation in patients with knee osteoarthritis suffering from chronic pain refractory to conservative therapies. METHODS: During a 30-month period, PRF combined with viscosupplementation was performed on 53 cases of knee osteoarthritis (45 patients, 8/45 with bilateral knee osteoarthritis). Pre-operational imaging included standard knee X-rays on anterior-posterior and lateral views used to evaluate patients according to the Kellgren-Lawrence classification...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416466/exacerbation-of-chronic-pain-after-dental-extractions-in-a-patient-with-post-treatment-lyme-disease-syndrome
#9
Stephanie Lim, Sakura Kinjo
A subset of patients who had Lyme disease experience postinfectious signs or symptoms called post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). PTLDS is a chronic condition including pain in joints and muscles, neurological symptoms including demyelinating diseases, peripheral neuropathy, headaches, sleep disturbances, fatigue, and cardiac conditions. We report a case of difficult acute pain management in a patient with PTLDS who underwent dental extractions and required admission to an intensive care unit for pain control...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410156/backstories-on-the-u-s-opioid-epidemic-good-intentions-gone-bad-an-industry-gone-rogue-and-watch-dogs-gone-to-sleep
#10
REVIEW
Richard deShazo, McKenzie Johnson, Ike Eriator, Kathryn Rodenmeyer
Epidemics of opioid use are old news in the United States, but an epidemic that kills over 200,000 Americans is not. A multiplicity of intertwined factors have brought us to this place. From 30,000 feet, it is the story of good intentions gone bad, a drug industry gone rogue, and government watch dog agencies gone to sleep. At ground level, it is the story of physicians unfamiliar with addictive drugs and drug addiction, new long acting opioids deceptively marketed, cheap black tar heroin, encouragement to use opioids for chronic non-cancer pain by professional organizations with conflicts of interest and without science, a culture intolerant to pain and tolerant to drug use, and the greedy response of the pharmaceutical industry and drug cartels to an expanding market opportunity...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409721/the-chronic-knee-pain-program-a-self-management-model
#11
Jessica Ventura, Janet Sobczak, Joohyun Chung
BACKGROUND: It is vital that patients take an active role in self-management of their chronic knee pain condition. The Chronic Knee Pain Program was developed to assist patients in managing their chronic condition and to improve their overall well-being. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of a six-week self-management program and to explore whether it may assist in decreasing body mass index (BMI) and depression symptom severity and increase physical activity levels in obese adults with chronic knee pain...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409684/ongoing-strategies-and-updates-on-pain-management-in-gynecologic-oncology-patients
#12
REVIEW
Kari E Hacker, R Kevin Reynolds, Shitanshu Uppal
The opioid crisis in the United States has been declared a public health emergency. Various governmental agencies, cancer care organizations and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have issued guidelines in hopes of managing this crisis. Curbing over-prescription of opioids by medical professionals has been a central theme in many of these guidelines. Gynecologic oncologists encounter patients with a variety of pain sources, including acute pain secondary to the underlying malignancy or surgical procedures as well as chronic pain related to the malignancy and the sequelae of treatments rendered...
February 3, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409576/naloxone-for-opioid-overdose-and-the-role-of-the-pharmacist
#13
Yuliana Toderika, Shalonda Williams
With the rise of the opioid epidemic in the United States and increased mortality as a result of opioid overdoses, there have been many national and statewide initiatives to combat this health crisis. Many states have expanded accessibility to naloxone, an opioid-reversal agent. Naloxone is safe, cost-effective, and nonaddictive. In addition, simple administration allows naloxone to be used by patients, family members, caregivers, and bystanders in the event of an opioid overdose. While a great emphasis has been placed on the prescribing practices of health care providers as it pertains to opioid therapy for chronic pain, a new focus has been placed on coprescribing naloxone with opioids for high-risk patients...
February 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406237/a-68-year-old-man-with-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-and-a-large-unilateral-pleural-effusion
#14
Adam Alter, Neal Chaisson, Sudipto Mukherjee, Thomas Gildea
A 68-year-old man with chronic myelogenous leukemia presents for evaluation of 2 months of dyspnea with exertion. He denies cough, fever, chest pain, weight gain, orthopnea, and edema. Since diagnosis of chronic myelogenous leukemia 5 years ago, he has been treated with dasatinib, with recent BCR-ABL1 assay showing no detectable disease in the peripheral blood. Medical history also includes hyperlipidemia, prostate enlargement, and hypothyroidism, but no prior heart or lung disease. Born in the Middle East, he immigrated to the United States 30 years ago and is working as a physician...
February 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402358/-effect-of-early-mobilization-on-diaphragmatic-function-in-patients-with-mechanical-ventilation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Shengqiang Yang, Jinggang Liu, Wenbao Yang, Jiyin Yuan, Suqiu Meng, Maoling Liang, Qibiao Shi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of early mobilization on diaphragmatic function in patients with mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: Sixty chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute exacerbation (AECOPD) patients with respiratory failure (RF) and underwent MV admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Huxi Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from January 2016 to January 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into treatment group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30) by randomly number table method...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392214/the-opioid-epidemic-and-national-guidelines-for-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-noncancer-pain-a-perspective-from-different-continents
#16
Winfried Häuser, Stephan Schug, Andrea D Furlan
Introduction: A marked rise in opioid prescriptions for patients with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) with a parallel increase in opioid abuse/misuse, and resulting deaths was noted in the Unites states in the past decade (opioid epidemic). In response, the US Center of Diseases Control (CDC) developed a guideline for prescribing of opioids for patients with CNCP. Objectives: To assess (1) if there is an opioid epidemic in Australia, Canada, and Germany (2) to compare Australian, Canadian, German, and Center of Diseases Control guidelines recommendations for long-term opioid therapy for CNCP...
May 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368104/discrimination-and-health-among-taxi-drivers-in-new-york-and-toronto
#17
Sheena Mirpuri, Pavan Gill, Alex Ocampo, Nicole Roberts, Bharat Narang, Stephen W Hwang, Francesca Gany
Immigrant taxi drivers in metropolitan cities are exposed to experiences of discrimination and occupation-based health risks. Given the structural differences in health care systems in the United States and Canada, we investigated the differences in reports of discrimination, health conditions and concern about health conditions between taxi drivers in New York City and Toronto, Ontario. Participants were recruited for a taxi driver Needs Assessment Survey as part of a Taxi Network needs assessment project using a street side convenience sampling technique in New York City and Toronto...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368027/-implementation-of-interdisciplinary-multimodal-pain-therapy-according-to-ops-8%C3%A2-918-recommendations-of-the-ad-hoc-commission-for-interdisciplinary-multimodal-pain-therapy-of-the-german-pain-association
#18
REVIEW
B Arnold, A Böger, T Brinkschmidt, H-R Casser, D Irnich, U Kaiser, K Klimczyk, J Lutz, M Pfingsten, R Sabatowski, M Schiltenwolf, W Söllner
With the implementation of the German diagnosis-related groups (DRG) reimbursement system in hospitals, interdisciplinary multimodal pain therapy was incorporated into the associated catalogue of procedures (OPS 8‑918). Yet, the presented criteria describing the procedure of interdisciplinary multimodal pain therapy are neither precise nor unambiguous. This has led to discrepancies in the interpretation regarding the handling of the procedure-making it difficult for medical services of health insurance companies to evaluate the accordance between the delivered therapy and the required criteria...
January 24, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361180/prevalence-of-burnout-among-pain-medicine-physicians-and-its-potential-effect-upon-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-oncologic-pain-or-chronic-pain-of-nononcologic-origin
#19
Irene Riquelme, José-Ignacio Chacón, Alba-Violeta Gándara, Inmaculada Muro, Susana Traseira, Vicente Monsalve, José-Francisco Soriano
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of burnout among physicians treating patients with chronic pain and to assess the potential relationships between the presence of burnout and patients' clinical outcomes such as pain relief, satisfaction with pain control, and quality of life. Design: An observational, prospective, and noncomparative study. Setting: Pain medicine clinics. Subjects: Physicians from medical departments involved in the management of chronic pain...
January 19, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351616/deficient-glucagon-response-to-hypoglycemia-during-a-mixed-meal-in-total-pancreatectomy-islet-autotransplantation-recipients
#20
L D Bogachus, M D Bellin, A Vella, R P Robertson
Context: Total pancreatectomy and intrahepatic islet autotransplantation (TP/IAT) is performed to alleviate severe abdominal pain, avoid narcotic use, maintain islet function, and avoid diabetes in patients with chronic pancreatitis. However, many TP/IAT recipients complain of post-prandial hypoglycemia. Objective: This study was designed to discover mechanisms of this problem. Design: Participants consumed a triple-isotope mixed meal. Setting: Hospital research unit...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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