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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036831/dementia-pugilistica-revisited
#1
Rudy J Castellani, George Perry
 Extensive exposure of boxers to neurotrauma in the early 20th century led to the so-called punch drunk syndrome, which was formally recognized in the medical literature in 1928. "Punch drunk" terminology was replaced by the less derisive 'dementia pugilistica' in 1937. In the early case material, the diagnosis of dementia pugilistica required neurological deficits, including slurring dysarthria, ataxia, pyramidal signs, extrapyramidal signs, memory impairment, and personality changes, although the specific clinical substrate has assumed lesser importance in recent years with a shift in focus on molecular pathogenesis...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020312/explaining-the-impact-of-poverty-on-old-age-frailty-in-europe-material-psychosocial-and-behavioural-factors
#2
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Wolfgang Freidl
Previous research found poverty to be associated with adverse health outcomes among older adults but the factors that translate low economic resources into poor physical health are not well understood. The goal of this analysis was to assess the impact of material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors as well as education in explaining the poverty-health link. In total, 28 360 observations from 11 390 community-dwelling respondents (65+) in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-13, 10 countries) were analysed...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951809/indolent-b-cell-lymphoid-malignancy-in-the-spleen-of-a-man-who%C3%A2-handled-benzene-splenic-marginal-zone-lymphoma
#3
Jihye Lee, Young Joong Kang, Jungho Ahn, Seng-Ho Song
We present the case of a 45-year-old man with a history of benzene exposure who developed splenic marginal zone lymphoma. For 6 years, he had worked in an enclosed space cleaning instruments with benzene. He was diagnosed with splenic marginal zone lymphoma 19 years after retirement. During his time of working in the laboratory in the 1980s, working environments were not monitored for hazardous materials. We indirectly estimated the cumulative level of past benzene exposure using job-exposure matrices and technical assumptions...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#4
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810960/talk-to-the-hand-u-s-army-biophysical-testing
#5
William R Santee, Adam W Potter, Karl E Friedl
BACKGROUND: Many people are unaware of the science underlying the biophysical properties of Soldier clothing and personal protective equipment, yet there is a well-refined biomedical methodology initiated by Army physiologists in World War II. This involves a methodical progression of systematic material testing technologies, computer modeling, and human testing that enables more efficient development and rapid evaluation of new concepts for Soldier health and performance. Sophisticated manikins that sweat and move are a central part of this testing continuum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591928/-does-sports-activity-influence-total-knee-arthroplasty-durability-analysis-with-a-follow-up-of-12-years
#6
Christina Valle, Michael Sperr, Christina Lemhöfer, Karla Elida Bartel, Marcus Schmitt-Sody
Background Total knee replacement is the only surgical option to treat painful degenerative osteoarthritis, restore knee function, improve quality of life, and enable patients to return to sports activity. With an aging population expecting an active life after retirement, patients' expectations of improvement after surgery are increasing as well. In view of the growing demand for higher performance, exercise and athletic activity, clinicians have been increasingly forced to question how much athletic activity a patient may resume after total knee replacement, and what types of athletic activity seem to be acceptable...
June 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560888/the-evolution-of-acute-burn-care-retiring-the-split-skin-graft
#7
J E Greenwood
The skin graft was born in 1869 and since then, surgeons have been using split skin grafts for wound repair. Nevertheless, this asset fails the big burn patient, who deserves an elastic, mobile and robust outcome but who receives the poorest possible outcome based on donor site paucity. Negating the need for the skin graft requires an autologous composite cultured skin and a material capable of temporising the burn wound for four weeks until the composite is produced. A novel, biodegradable polyurethane chemistry has been used to create two such products...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377679/creating-a-web-based-digital-photographic-archive-one-hospital-library-s-experience
#8
Caroline Marshall, Janet Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a nonprofit community hospital based in Los Angeles. Its history spans over 100 years, and its growth and development from the merging of 2 Jewish hospitals, Mount Sinai and Cedars of Lebanon, is also part of the history of Los Angeles. The medical library collects and maintains the hospital's photographic archive, to which retiring physicians, nurses, and an active Community Relations Department have donated photographs over the years. The collection was growing rapidly, it was impossible to display all the materials, and much of the collection was inaccessible to patrons...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295595/optometry-australia-scope-of-practice-survey-2015
#9
Patricia M Kiely, Skye Cappuccio, Ellen McIntyre
BACKGROUND: This paper presents results from the inaugural Scope of Practice Survey of Optometry Australia members conducted in October 2015. The survey gathered information related to confidence in detecting and diagnosing key ocular conditions, grading diabetic retinopathy, prescribing scheduled medicines, access to equipment, confidence using equipment, incidence of patients requiring therapeutic management, referral practices and services provided. METHODS: The survey was developed, piloted, modified and administered to members of Optometry Australia (excluding student and retired members), who had a current email address...
May 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718259/copper-as-an-antibacterial-material-in-different-facilities
#10
J Inkinen, R Mäkinen, M M Keinänen-Toivola, K Nordström, M Ahonen
The present study was performed in real life settings in different facilities (hospital, kindergarten, retirement home, office building) with copper and copper alloy touch surface products (floor drain lids, toilet flush buttons, door handles, light switches, closet touch surfaces, corridor hand rails, front door handles and toilet support rails) in parallel to reference products. Pure copper surfaces supported lower total bacterial counts (16 ± 45 vs 105 ± 430 CFU cm(-2) , n = 214, P < 0·001) and a lower occurrence of Staphylococcus aureus (2·6 vs 14%, n = 157, P < 0·01) and Gram-negatives (21 vs 34%, n = 214, P < 0·05) respectively than did reference surfaces, whereas the occurrence of enterococci (15%, n = 214, P > 0·05) was similar...
January 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678329/pharmacokinetics-of-gentamicin-eluted-from-a-regenerating-bone-graft-substitute-in-vitro-and-clinical-release-studies
#11
M Stravinskas, P Horstmann, J Ferguson, W Hettwer, M Nilsson, S Tarasevicius, M M Petersen, M A McNally, L Lidgren
OBJECTIVES: Deep bone and joint infections (DBJI) are directly intertwined with health, demographic change towards an elderly population, and wellbeing.The elderly human population is more prone to acquire infections, and the consequences such as pain, reduced quality of life, morbidity, absence from work and premature retirement due to disability place significant burdens on already strained healthcare systems and societal budgets.DBJIs are less responsive to systemic antibiotics because of poor vascular perfusion in necrotic bone, large bone defects and persistent biofilm-based infection...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471842/childhood-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-following-retirement-in-the-gazel-cohort
#12
Guillaume Airagnes, Cédric Lemogne, Nicolas Hoertel, Marcel Goldberg, Frédéric Limosin, Marie Zins
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have examined whether specific moderators may impact the magnitude of the relationship between retirement and depression. The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating role of adverse childhood life events (ACLE) on changes in depressive symptoms following retirement in the GAZEL cohort. METHODS: 9242 participants, followed up since 1989, completed the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CESD) every three years and were asked in 2004 to answer an ACLE questionnaire...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471129/a-chapter-a-day-association-of-book-reading-with-longevity
#13
Avni Bavishi, Martin D Slade, Becca R Levy
Although books can expose people to new people and places, whether books also have health benefits beyond other types of reading materials is not known. This study examined whether those who read books have a survival advantage over those who do not read books and over those who read other types of materials, and if so, whether cognition mediates this book reading effect. The cohort consisted of 3635 participants in the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study who provided information about their reading patterns at baseline...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257361/interdependence-between-the-social-and-material-convoy-links-between-volunteering-widowhood-and-housing-transitions
#14
Huei-Wern Shen, Tam Perry
Relocation in older adulthood may occur due to triggering events, such as widowhood. Guided by Kahn and Antonucci's convoy model, this study explores the influence of volunteering on decision to relocate following the death of a spouse. Using three waves of data from the Health and Retirement Study (2006, 2008, and 2010), 5,146 community-dwelling married older individuals who were 65 years or older in 2008 were included. Findings from two multinomial logistic regression models showed that widows and widowers who were not volunteering in 2008 were more likely to move out of area in 2010 than their married counterparts, whereas the relationship between widowhood and relocation was not detected among those involved in volunteering...
June 2016: Social Work Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255528/contrasting-concurrent-and-childhood-socioeconomic-predictors-of-self-rated-health-among-older-european-men-and-women
#15
Georgia Verropoulou, Maria Zakynthinou
This study aimed to assess the relative importance of childhood and adulthood socioeconomic position (SEP) on the self-rated health (SRH) of men and women aged 50 or higher in Europe, controlling for a substantial number of mediators and health conditions. Data from Wave 2 (current data) and Wave 3 (retrospective material) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) were combined (N=20,829) and logistic regression models applied; the analysis was carried out for males and females separately...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976729/the-u-s-culture-collection-network-lays-the-foundation-for-progress-in-preservation-of-valuable-microbial-resources
#16
Kevin McCluskey, Anne Alvarez, Rick Bennett, Deepak Bokati, Kyria Boundy-Mills, Daniel Brown, Carolee T Bull, Michael Coffey, Tyler Dreaden, Clifford Duke, Greg Dye, Erin Ehmke, Kellye Eversole, Kristi Fenstermacher, David Geiser, Jessie A Glaeser, Stephanie Greene, Lisa Gribble, M Patrick Griffith, Kathryn Hanser, Richard Humber, Barbara W Johnson, Anthony Kermode, Micah Krichevsky, Matt Laudon, Jan Leach, John Leslie, Meghan May, Ulrich Melcher, David Nobles, Natalia Risso Fonseca, Sara Robinson, Matthew Ryan, James Scott, Carolyn Silflow, Anne Vidaver, Kimberly M Webb, John E Wertz, Sara Yentsch, Sarah Zehr
The U.S. Culture Collection Network was formed in 2012 by a group of culture collection scientists and stakeholders in order to continue the progress established previously through efforts of an ad hoc group. The network is supported by a Research Coordination Network grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and has the goals of promoting interaction among collections, encouraging the adoption of best practices, and protecting endangered or orphaned collections. After prior meetings to discuss best practices, shared data, and synergy with genome programs, the network held a meeting at the U...
June 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26529835/what-factors-can-be-protective-for-both-self-rated-oral-health-and-general-health
#17
Gunnar Ekbäck, Carina Persson, Margareta Lindén-Boström
The aim of this study was to analyze if the same protective factors are significant for both self-rated health and oral health. It was hypothesized that these factors should be the same. The material is based on a population sample of 17 113 women and men aged 18-84 years in one county in central Sweden.The response rate was 61%. The data were collected through a postal questionnaire "Life and Health" in 2008. The questionnaire comprised of 149 questions and was divided into a number of areas, e.g. socioeconomic conditions, quality of life, social relations, lifestyle, and health...
2015: Swedish Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475644/delusional-infestation-a-case-series-from-a-university-dermatology-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#18
Ana Claudia G P Martins, Carolina P Mendes, Marcello M S Nico
BACKGROUND: Monosymptomatic hypochondriac psychosis (MHP) patients present with a delusional ideation that revolves around one particular hypochondriac concern. Delusional infestation is the most common type of MHP seen by the dermatologist. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to retrospectively investigate a group of patients with delusions of infestation seen in an academic medical center in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients presenting with delusional infestation between 2007 and 2014 was conducted...
August 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313052/preparedness-for-natural-disasters-among-older-us-adults-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Tala M Al-Rousan, Linda M Rubenstein, Robert B Wallace
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine natural disaster preparedness levels among older US adults and assess factors that may adversely affect health and safety during such incidents. METHODS: We sampled adults aged 50 years or older (n = 1304) from the 2010 interview survey of the Health and Retirement Study. The survey gathered data on general demographic characteristics, disability status or functional limitations, and preparedness-related factors and behaviors...
October 2015: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255644/characterizing-and-communicating-risk-with-exposure-reconstruction-and-bayesian-analysis-historical-locomotive-maintenance-repair-associated-with-asbestos-woven-tape-pipe-lagging
#20
Fred W Boelter, Jacob D Persky, Daniel M Podraza, William H Bullock
Our reconstructed historical work scenarios incorporating a vintage 1950s locomotive can assist in better understanding the historical asbestos exposures associated with past maintenance and repairs and fill a literature data gap. Air sampling data collected during the exposure scenarios and analyzed by NIOSH 7400 (PCM) and 7402 (PCME) methodologies show personal breathing zone asbestiform fiber exposures were below the current OSHA exposure limits for the eight-hour TWA permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 0...
February 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
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