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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057678/healthfulness-and-nutritional-composition-of-canadian-prepackaged-foods-with-and-without-sugar-claims
#1
Jodi T Bernstein, Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Alyssa Schermel, Marie-Ève Labonté, Mary R L'Abbé
The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in calories, nutrient content, overall healthfulness, and use of sweetener ingredients between products with and without sugar claims. Consumers assume products with sugar claims are healthier and lower in calories. It is therefore important claims be found on comparatively healthier items. This study is a cross-sectional analysis of the University of Toronto's 2013 Food Label Database. Subcategories where at least 5% of products (and n ≥ 5) carried a sugar claim were included (n = 3048)...
October 23, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056894/magnesium-bioavailability-from-mineral-waters-with-different-mineralization-levels-in-comparison-to-bread-and-a-supplement
#2
Inga Schneider, Theresa Greupner, Andreas Hahn
The aim of the present study was to compare the magnesium bioavailability from four mineral waters with different types of mineralization (e.g. SO4(2-), HCO3(-), calcium) with the magnesium bioavailability from bread and from a magnesium supplement. A single-center, randomized, controlled trial with a crossover design with 22 healthy men and women was conducted at the Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, Germany. The participants consumed the six test products providing 100 mg of magnesium each on six examination days with a one-week washout phase in between...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056370/trends-in-sodium-content-of-menu-items-in-large-chain-restaurants-in-the-u-s
#3
Julia A Wolfson, Alyssa J Moran, Marian P Jarlenski, Sara N Bleich
INTRODUCTION: Consuming too much sodium is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease, and restaurant foods are a primary source of sodium. This study assessed recent trends in sodium content of menu items in U.S. chain restaurants. METHODS: Data from 21,557 menu items in 66 top-earning chain restaurants available from 2012 to 2016 were obtained from the MenuStat project and analyzed in 2017. Generalized linear models were used to examine changes in calorie-adjusted, per-item sodium content of menu items offered in all years (2012-2016) and items offered in 2012 only compared with items newly introduced in 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#4
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054611/maternal-undernutrition-during-lactation-alters-nicotine-reward-and-dopac-dopamine-ratio-in-cerebral-cortex-in-adolescent-mice-but-does-not-affect-nicotine-induced-nachrs-upregulation
#5
Ana C Dutra-Tavares, Juliana O Silva, André L Nunes-Freitas, Vinícius M S Guimarães, Ulisses C Araújo, Ellen P S Conceição, Egberto G Moura, Patrícia C Lisboa, Cláudio C Filgueiras, Alex C Manhães, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Anderson Ribeiro-Carvalho
Early undernutrition causes long lasting alterations that affect the response to psychoactive drugs. Particularly, undernutrition during lactation affects the acute locomotor response to nicotine during adolescence, but the reward effect of continued exposure to nicotine remains unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of undernutrition during lactation on the nicotine susceptibility indexed via conditioned place preference (CPP), on dopamine content and turnover and on nicotine-induced nicotinic cholinergic receptor (nAChR) upregulation in the cerebral cortex, midbrain and hippocampus of adolescent mice...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053575/the-impact-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-on-diet-quality-and-eating-behaviours-in-people-with-obesity-and-copd
#6
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson, Hayley A Scott, Michael J Hensley, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lisa G Wood
There is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians about appropriate management strategies for people with obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We have recently published results from the first weight loss intervention in adults (>18 years) with obesity (body mass index; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) and COPD, using a low-calorie diet coupled with a partial meal replacement plan and resistance exercise training, which resulted in a 6.4% reduction in weight while maintaining skeletal muscle mass and improving health status...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051646/effect-of-fiber-blends-total-solids-heat-treatment-whey-protein-concentrate-and-stage-of-sugar-incorporation-on-dietary-fiber-fortified-kheer
#7
Simran Kaur Arora, A A Patel
Owing to the proven beneficial role of dietary fiber (DF) on human health, feasibility of incorporating commercially available soluble and insoluble DF preparations into rice-milk-pudding (kheer, a popular Indian delicacy) was studied through process modification. The novel approach of preparing reduced fat DF-fortified-kheer (DFFK) by developing liquid/cream phase and particulate/rice phase separately, and subsequently blending the two was developed. The major processing variables studied were total solids (TS) in the liquid phase, type of fiber blend, flavor-simulation through heat treatment or added whey protein, and the presence of sugar in water for pre-cooking of rice...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050917/sugar-intake-in-sudanese-individuals-was-associated-with-some-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-population-based-study
#8
Eman F El-Sayed, Heitham Awadalla, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Amel A Sulaiman, Ahmed O Almobarak, Mohamed H Ahmed
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the level of sugar intake among Sudanese individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 323 participants. Respondents were grouped by the total intake of added sugars into two groups, one group with sugar intake more than 200 calories per day and other group with sugar intake less than 200 calories per day. Demographic data were collected with anthropometric measurements like body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050207/caloric-restriction-extends-yeast-chronological-lifespan-via-a-mechanism-linking-cellular-aging-to-cell-cycle-regulation-maintenance-of-a-quiescent-state-entry-into-a-non-quiescent-state-and-survival-in-the-non-quiescent-state
#9
Anna Leonov, Rachel Feldman, Amanda Piano, Anthony Arlia-Ciommo, Vicky Lutchman, Masoumeh Ahmadi, Sarah Elsaser, Hana Fakim, Mahdi Heshmati-Moghaddam, Asimah Hussain, Sandra Orfali, Harshvardhan Rajen, Negar Roofigari-Esfahani, Leana Rosanelli, Vladimir I Titorenko
A yeast culture grown in a nutrient-rich medium initially containing 2% glucose is not limited in calorie supply. When yeast cells cultured in this medium consume glucose, they undergo cell cycle arrest at a checkpoint in late G1 and differentiate into quiescent and non-quiescent cell populations. Studies of such differentiation have provided insights into mechanisms of yeast chronological aging under conditions of excessive calorie intake. Caloric restriction is an aging-delaying dietary intervention. Here, we assessed how caloric restriction influences the differentiation of chronologically aging yeast cultures into quiescent and non-quiescent cells, and how it affects their properties...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049329/rural-food-security-subsistence-agriculture-and-seasonality
#10
Kibrom T Sibhatu, Matin Qaim
Many of the world's food-insecure and undernourished people are smallholder farmers in developing countries. This is especially true in Africa. There is an urgent need to make smallholder agriculture and food systems more nutrition-sensitive. African farm households are known to consume a sizeable part of what they produce at home. Less is known about how much subsistence agriculture actually contributes to household diets, and how this contribution changes seasonally. We use representative data from rural Ethiopia covering every month of one full year to address this knowledge gap...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047292/how-we-use-the-internet-matters-for-health-the-relationship-between-various-online-health-related-activities-and-preventive-dietary-behaviors
#11
Jiyoung Chae
This study identified specific types of online health-related activities that may promote preventive dietary behaviors. Two cycles (Cycles 1 and 3) of the Health Information National Trends Survey 4 were analyzed ( N = 2606 and 2284, respectively; Internet users only). Similar types of activities were grouped to create three types of online activities: information seeking, engagement in health information technology, and social media use. In both cycles, online health information seeking and the engagement in health information technology were positively associated with two dietary behaviors (fruit/vegetable consumption and using menu information on calories) but not with soda consumption...
October 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046023/-determination-of-a-new-cow-s-milk-based-formula-allergenic-capacity-in-7-infants
#12
Beatriz Estella López-Marín, Benjamín Rojano, Luz Marina Carvajal-de Pabón
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk protein allergy is the main allergic problem during the first year of life, possibly owing to immune and gastrointestinal systems poor maturation. To prevent allergic reactions, the content and type of proteins in infant formulas resemble those of breast milk. We believe that reactions are due rather to the amount than to the type of protein. OBJECTIVE: To design a new formula with cow's milk that provides the infant with the main nutrients at an affordable cost and with lower risk for the development of allergies...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046007/-dietary-recommendations-in-metabolic-vascular-syndrome
#13
Katharina Lechner, Nicole Erickson, Benjamin Lechner, Florian Horn
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally. Poor diet constitutes a key factor in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease and has become the leading risk factor for disability and death worldwide. Therefore, addressing suboptimal nutrition is of key prognostic relevance in primary and secondary prevention of metabolic vascular syndrome.Metabolic vascular syndrome is a multidimensional network of acquired cardiometabolic risk factors closely related to insulin resistance (IR) and concomitant hyperinsulinemia...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045325/effects-of-two-years-of-calorie-restriction-on-aerobic-capacity-and-muscle-strength
#14
Susan B Racette, James Rochon, Mary L Uhrich, Dennis T Villareal, Sai Krupa DAS, Luigi Fontana, Manjushri Bhapkar, Corby K Martin, Leanne M Redman, Paul J Fuss, Susan B Roberts, William E Kraus
PURPOSE: Calorie restriction (CR) improves health span and delays age-related diseases in many species. The multicenter Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) study was the first randomized controlled trial of CR in nonobese humans. The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of CR on V˙O2max and muscle strength in the CALERIE trial. METHODS: Healthy, normal-weight, and mildly overweight women and men (n = 218, mean ± SE age = 37...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045080/a-systematic-review-of-calorie-labeling-and-modified-calorie-labeling-interventions-impact-on-consumer-and-restaurant-behavior
#15
REVIEW
Sara N Bleich, Christina D Economos, Marie L Spiker, Kelsey A Vercammen, Eric M VanEpps, Jason P Block, Brian Elbel, Mary Story, Christina A Roberto
OBJECTIVE: Evidence on the effects of restaurant calorie labeling on consumer and restaurant behavior is mixed. This paper examined: (1) consumer responses to calorie information alone or compared to modified calorie information and (2) changes in restaurant offerings following or in advance of menu labeling implementation. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Policy File, and PAIS International to identify restaurant calorie labeling studies through October 1, 2016, that measured calories ordered, consumed, or available for purchase on restaurant menus...
October 17, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044338/nutritional-profile-of-hemodialysis-patients-concerning-treatment-time
#16
Livia de Almeida Alvarenga, Bárbara Danelon Andrade, Michelle Andrade Moreira, Roberto de Paula Nascimento, Isabela Dariú Macedo, Aline Silva de Aguiar
INTRODUCTION: The mortality of the population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis (HD) is very high and the protein-energy malnutrition stands out as one of the most common consequences in relation to this condition. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between time of hemodialysis and nutritional parameters of patients. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study with secondary data, developed of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (HU/UFJF)...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038285/metabolic-effects-of-diet-and-exercise-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-ckd-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
T Alp Ikizler, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Charles Ellis, Samuel A E Headley, Katherine Tuttle, Richard J Wood, Elizabeth Elspeth Evans, Charles M Milch, Kelsey Anne Moody, Michael Germain, Chutatip Limkunakul, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Jonathan Himmelfarb
CKD is steadily increasing along with obesity worldwide. Furthermore, obesity is a proinflammatory risk factor for progression of CKD and cardiovascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that implementation of caloric restriction and aerobic exercise is feasible and can improve the proinflammatory metabolic milieu in patients with moderate to severe CKD through a pilot, randomized, 2×2 factorial design trial. Of 122 participants consented, 111 were randomized to receive caloric restriction and aerobic exercise, caloric restriction alone, aerobic exercise alone, or usual care...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038018/undervalued-and-ignored-are-humans-poorly-adapted-to-energy-dense-foods
#18
Jeffrey M Brunstrom, Alex C L Drake, Ciarán G Forde, Peter J Rogers
In many species the capacity to accurately differentiate the energy density (kcal/g) of foods is critical because it greatly improves efficiency in foraging. In modern humans this ability remains intact and is expressed in a selective preference for types of fruit and vegetables that contain more calories. However, humans evolved consuming these low energy-dense foods (typically < 1.75 kcal/g) and it remains unclear whether they can also discriminate more energy-dense foods that now feature in modern Western diets...
October 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#19
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#20
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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