keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

calorie

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452758/supplementation-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-plasma-adiponectin-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Jorly Mejia-Montilla, Eduardo Reyna-Villasmil, Lorena Domínguez-Brito, Carmen Naranjo-Rodríguez, Delia Noriega-Verdugo, María Padilla-Samaniego, Vanessa Vargas-Olalla
OBJECTIVE: To study plasma adiponectin levels in women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome given omega-3 fatty acid supplements. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A study was conducted in 195 women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome treated with omega-3 fatty acids for 12weeks (n=97; groupA) and control women given placebo (n=98, groupB). General characteristics, metabolism, lipid profile, and hormone and adiponectin levels were compared. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in general characteristics...
February 13, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447348/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-intermittent-fasting-induced-genetic-changes-in-ischemic-stroke
#2
Joonki Kim, Sung-Wook Kang, Karthik Mallilankaraman, Sang-Ha Baik, James C Lim, Priyanka Balaganapathy, David T She, Ker-Zhing Lok, David Y Fann, Uma Thambiayah, Sung-Chun Tang, Alexis M Stranahan, S Thameem Dheen, Mathias Gelderblom, Raymond C Seet, Vardan T Karamyan, Raghu Vemuganti, Christopher G Sobey, Mark P Mattson, Dong-Gyu Jo, Thiruma V Arumugam
Genetic changes due to dietary intervention in the form of either calorie restriction (CR) or intermittent fasting (IF) are not reported in detail until now. However, it is well established that both CR and IF extend the lifespan and protect against neurodegenerative diseases and stroke. The current research aims were first to describe the transcriptomic changes in brains of IF mice and, second, to determine whether IF induces extensive transcriptomic changes following ischemic stroke to protect the brain from injury...
February 13, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446717/activators-of-sirtuin-1-and-their-involvement-in-cardioprotection
#3
Carlotta Granchi, Filippo Minutolo
SIRT1 is a nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent deacetylase, which removes acetyl groups from many target proteins, such as histone proteins, transcription factors and cofactors. SIRT1-catalyzed deacetylation of these factors modulates the activity of downstream proteins, thus influencing many biological processes. SIRT1 is involved in the regulation of metabolism, inflammation, and tumor growth. The activity of this enzyme is related to the beneficial health effects of calorie restriction, such as lifespan extension and, in particular, the activation of SIRT1 has a positive impact on the cardiovascular system...
February 13, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443396/infants-on-parenteral-nutrition-getting-the-calories-right
#4
EDITORIAL
Akshay Batra, Robert M Beattie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440390/high-dietary-fat-and-sucrose-results-in-an-extensive-and-time-dependent-deterioration-in-health-of-multiple-physiological-systems-in-mice
#5
James G Burchfield, Melkam A Kebede, Christopher C Meoli, Jacqueline Stöckli, P Tess Whitworth, Amanda L Wright, Nolan J Hoffman, Annabel Y Minard, Xiuquan Ma, James R Krycer, Marin E Nelson, Shi-Xiong Tan, Belinda Yau, Kristen C Thomas, Natalie K Y Wee, Ee-Cheng Khor, Ronaldo F Enriquez, Bryce Vissel, Trevor J Biden, Paul A Baldock, Kyle L Hoehn, James Cantley, Gregory J Cooney, David E James, Daniel J Fazakerley
Obesity is associated with metabolic dysfunction, including insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia, and with disorders such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and neurodegeneration. Typically, these pathologies are examined in discrete model systems and with limited temporal resolution, and whether these disorders co-occur is therefore unclear. To address this question, we examined multiple physiological systems in male C57BL/6J mice following prolonged exposure to a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HFHSD)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439622/caloric-restriction-dramatically-stalls-lesion-growth-in-mice-with-induced-endometriosis
#6
Bo Yin, Xishi Liu, Sun-Wei Guo
Caloric restriction (CR) has been demonstrated to have many health-beneficial effects in many species, but whether CR can impede the development of endometriosis is unknown. To test the hypothesis that CR can impede the growth of endometriotic lesions and fibrogenesis, we conducted 2 experiments. In experiment 1, 20 female Balb/C mice were randomly assigned to either ad libitum (AL) group that was fed AL or to CR group that was fed 30% less calories than that of AL mice. Two weeks after the implementation of the dietary intervention, endometriosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of endometrial fragments...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439004/assessing-the-nutrient-intake-of-a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-lchf-diet-a-hypothetical-case-study-design
#7
Caryn Zinn, Amy Rush, Rebecca Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The low-carbohydrate, high-fat (LCHF) diet is becoming increasingly employed in clinical dietetic practice as a means to manage many health-related conditions. Yet, it continues to remain contentious in nutrition circles due to a belief that the diet is devoid of nutrients and concern around its saturated fat content. This work aimed to assess the micronutrient intake of the LCHF diet under two conditions of saturated fat thresholds. DESIGN: In this descriptive study, two LCHF meal plans were designed for two hypothetical cases representing the average Australian male and female weight-stable adult...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438844/top-down-expectation-effects-of-food-labels-on-motivation
#8
Joost Wegman, Ilke van Loon, Paul A M Smeets, Roshan Cools, Esther Aarts
Labels on food packages inform our beliefs, shaping our expectations of food properties, such as its expected taste and healthiness. These beliefs can influence the processing of caloric rewards beyond objective sensory properties and have the potential to impact decision making. However, no studies, within or beyond the food domain, have assessed how written information, such as food labels, affect implicit motivation to obtain rewards, even though choices in daily life might be strongly driven by implicit motivational biases...
February 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438540/influence-of-sleep-restriction-on-weight-loss-outcomes-associated-with-caloric-restriction
#9
Xuewen Wang, Joshua R Sparks, Kimberly P Bowyer, Shawn D Youngstedt
Study Objectives: To examine the effects of moderate sleep restriction on body weight, body composition, and metabolic variables in individuals undergoing caloric restriction. Methods: Overweight or obese adults were randomized to an 8-week caloric restriction (CR) regimen alone (n=15) or combined with sleep restriction (CR+SR) (n=21). All participants were instructed to restrict daily calorie intake to 95% of their measured resting metabolic rate. Participants in the CR+SR group were also instructed to reduce time in bed on 5 nights and to sleep ad libitum on the other 2 nights each week...
February 9, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436744/long-term-use-of-mixed-oil-lipid-emulsion-in-adult-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients-a-case-series
#10
Manpreet S Mundi, Megan T McMahon, Jennifer J Carnell, Ryan T Hurt
BACKGROUND: Despite providing significant benefits, home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can be associated with complications such as infections, intestinal failure-associated liver disease, and metabolic abnormalities. Soybean oil (SO)-based intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been noted to contribute to some of these complications, leading to the development of alternative sources of ILE. Mixed-oil (MO) ILE has recently been approved for use in adults with short-term studies revealing a benefit over SO ILE...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434785/nephroprotective-effects-of-diacylglycerol-on-diabetic-nephropathy-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#11
Jianpeng Li, Yongheng Yan, Duo Li, Xia Li, Xinying Lin, Zhenhua Liu, Tongcheng Xu, Fangling Du
Diacylglycerol (DAG) has been reported to reduce the serum lipid and glucose levels more effectively compared with triacylglycerol (TAG). The present study examined the long-term effects of dietary DAG on rats with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN). The type 2 DN model was established by administering a high-fat and high-calorie diet along with an intraperitoneal injection of 35 mg/kg body weight streptozocin, and the disease developed over the following 8 weeks. Sprague-Dawley rats were then randomly divided into the control, TAG, low-dose DAG (Low-DAG) and high-dose DAG (High-DAG) groups...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434529/high-protein-consumption-in-trained-women-bad-to-the-bone
#12
Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Cassandra Evans, Tobin Silver, Corey A Peacock
Background: It has been posited that the consumption of extra protein (> 0.8 g/kg/d) may be deleterious to bone mineral content. However, there is no direct evidence to show that consuming a high-protein diet results in a demineralization of the skeleton. Thus, the primary endpoint of this randomized controlled trial was to determine if a high-protein diet affected various parameters of whole body and lumbar bone mineral content in exercise-trained women. Methods: Twenty-four women volunteered for this 6-month investigation ( n = 12 control, n = 12 high-protein)...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433861/metabolic-profile-of-children-with-extrahepatic-portal-vein-obstruction-undergoing-meso-rex-bypass
#13
Timothy B Lautz, Simon Eaton, Lisa Keys, Joy Ito, Mario Polo, Jonathan C K Wells, Agostino Pierro, Riccardo A Superina
BACKGROUND: Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) in children is often associated with growth restriction, which improves after the restoration of portal venous flow with a meso-Rex bypass, but the physiologic mechanism is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of growth delay in children with EHPVO by detailing the metabolic and nutritional profile before and after meso-Rex bypass. METHODS: Twenty consecutive children with EHPVO were prospectively studied before and 1 year after meso-Rex bypass...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433624/investigation-of-different-concentrations-of-ms-media-effects-on-gene-expression-and-steviol-glycosides-accumulation-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#14
Danial Kahrizi, Matin Ghaheri, Zahra Yari, Khirollah Yari, Sohbat Bahraminejad
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is one of two species that contains steviol glycosides. Among steviol glycosides that extracted from leaves, stevioside and rebaudioside A are the two major and the sweetest glycosides that are about 200-300 times sweeter than sucrose with zero calories. The best method for stevia propagation is tissue culture. So, for investigation of nutrients in medium, we studied the effect of different concentrations of MS media (MS, 0.5 MS, 0.25 MS, 0 MS) on morphological traits, UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 genes expression and accumulation of steviol glycosides in stevia leaves...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433623/effects-of-life-cycle-and-leaves-location-on-gene-expression-and-glycoside-biosynthesis-pathway-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#15
Matin Ghaheri, Elaheh Adibrad, Seyed Mehdi Safavi, Danial Kahrizi, Ali Soroush, Saare Muhammadi, Tayebeh Ghorbani, Ali Sabzevari, Zahra Ansarypour, Elham Rahmanian
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is One of the most important biologically sourced and low-calorie sweeteners that known as "Sweet Weed". It contains steviol glycosides that they are about 200-300 times sweeter than sucrose. Tissue culture is the best method with high efficiency that can overcome to problems of traditional methods, and it is the most useful tools for studying stress tolerance mechanisms under in vitro conditions to obtain drought tolerance. In the present research, we investigated the impact of life cycle, leaves location and the harvesting time on expression of UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 as well as steviol glycosides accumulation...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433621/effect-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-extract-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-male-rats
#16
Matin Ghaheri, Shahram Miraghaee, Atefeh Babaei, Bahareh Mohammadi, Danial Kahrizi, Zahra Minoosh Saivosh Haghighi, Gholamreza Bahrami
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni has been used locally as a non-calorie sweetener in medicine and diabetic diet which claimed to have aphrodisiac properties, although no scientific data of this function have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of S. rebaudiana extract on sexual dysfunction, testosterone levels and number of Leydig cells in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats. A total of 28 diabetic male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: diabetic group without any extract and 3 extract groups (5, 50 and 100 mg/kg)...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433620/effects-of-various-glutamine-concentrations-on-gene-expression-and-steviol-glycosides-accumulation-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#17
Fatemeh Esmaeili, Matin Ghaheri, Danial Kahrizi, Mohsen Mansouri, Seyed Mehdi Safavi, Tayebeh Ghorbani, Sarre Muhammadi, Elham Rahmanian, Siavash Vaziri
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is one of the most important biologically sourced and low-calorie sweeteners that contains a lots of Steviol glycosides. Tissue culture is the best method for propagation of stevia and micro nutrients can affect both morphological traits and steviol glycosides production. In the present study, we investigated the effect of different concentrations of glutamine (10, 20, 30 and 40 g/l) on expression of UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 genes and stevioside and rebaudioside A accumulation in the leaves of stevia under in vitro conditions...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430615/development-of-obesity-can-be-prevented-in-rats-by-chronic-icv-infusions-of-angii-but-less-by-ang-1-7
#18
Martina Winkler, Michael Bader, Franziska Schuster, Ines Stölting, Sonja Binder, Walter Raasch
Considering that obesity is one of the leading risks for death worldwide, it should be noted that a brain-related mechanism is involved in AngII-induced and AT1-receptor-dependent weight loss. It is moreover established that activation of the Ang(1-7)/ACE2/Mas axis reduces weight, but it remains unclear whether this Ang(1-7) effect is also mediated via a brain-related mechanism. Additionally to Sprague Dawley (SD) rats, we used TGR(ASrAOGEN) selectively lacking brain angiotensinogen, the precursor to AngII, as we speculated that effects are more pronounced in a model with low brain RAS activity...
February 11, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429143/seeds-as-oil-factories
#19
REVIEW
Sébastien Baud
Studying seed oil metabolism. The seeds of higher plants represent valuable factories capable of converting photosynthetically derived sugars into a variety of storage compounds, including oils. Oils are the most energy-dense plant reserves and fatty acids composing these oils represent an excellent nutritional source. They supply humans with much of the calories and essential fatty acids required in their diet. These oils are then increasingly being utilized as renewable alternatives to petroleum for the chemical industry and for biofuels...
February 10, 2018: Plant Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427692/eating-with-eyes-comparing-eye-movements-and-food-choices-between-overweight-and-lean-individuals-in-a-real-life-buffet-setting
#20
Eunice Wang, Yusuf O Cakmak, Mei Peng
Researchers have long sought to pinpoint factors underpinning individual differences in eating behaviour. Emerging data from eye-tracking studies have suggested that attentional biases to food exist among individuals and food types. However, such studies have thus far focussed primarily on food images and computerised tasks, limiting real-world implications. The present study tested 32 healthy male participants (16 being overweight) for attentional biases in an ad libitum buffet setting, using wearable eye-trackers...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
keyword
keyword
51197
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"