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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672196/the-effects-of-synbiotic-supplementation-on-body-mass-index-metabolic-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-appetite-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Samira Rabiei, Mehdi Hedayati, Bahram Rashidkhani, Navid Saadat, Rahebeh Shakerhossini
It has been shown recently that metabolic syndrome is associated with gut dysbiosis. The gut microbiota may be the main target for prevention or treatment of metabolic syndrome. We investigated the effects of synbiotic supplementation on metabolic syndrome. In this triple-blinded clinical trial, 46 Iranian patients with metabolic syndrome, from both sexes, aged 25-70 years, who fulfilled inclusion criteria were randomly categorized to receive either the synbiotic or a placebo capsule, twice a day for three months, plus a weight-loss diet using stratified random sampling based on body mass index (BMI)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662493/age-related-changes-in-the-natural-killer-cell-response-to-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-are-not-influenced-by-a-synbiotic-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Agnieszka Przemska-Kosicka, Caroline E Childs, Catherine Maidens, Honglin Dong, Susan Todd, Margot A Gosney, Kieran Michael Tuohy, Parveen Yaqoob
Natural killer (NK) cells are an important component of the immune response to influenza infection, but are subject to alteration during aging, which may play a role in impaired response to infection and vaccination in older people. Enhancement of NK cell activity could, therefore, present a means to improve the immune response to vaccination in older subjects, and pre- and probiotics offer an opportunity to modulate antiviral defenses via alteration of the gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of a novel probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum bv...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657519/antibacterial-effectiveness-of-probiotic-based-experimental-mouthwash-against-cariogenic-pathogen-an-in-vitro-study
#3
Hanaa Elgamily, Osama Mosallam, Hoda El-Sayed, Rania Mosallam
Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the antibacterial effectiveness of probiotic-experimental-based mouthwash (MW) against Streptococcus mutans in vitro . Materials and Methods: Antimicrobial screening of two active additives (probiotic-zamzam) was tested against S. mutans using disc diffusion method. A total of three MWs; (1) an experimental MW base formula, (2) an experimental MW base formula with the two active additives, and (3) commercial MW (hexitol), were evaluated against S...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653359/the-role-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-the-pathology-and-prevention-of-liver-disease
#4
REVIEW
Alejandra Altamirano-Barrera, Misael Uribe, Norberto C Chávez-Tapia, Natalia Nuño-Lámbarri
Several microorganisms belonging to the intestinal microbiota act in an ecosystem responsible for maintaining the homeostasis and vital functions of human beings. From birth to old age the diversity of the intestinal microbiota may change due to environmental factors such as nutrition, immunity, diseases or the use of antibiotics leading to dysbiosis. Improvement in microbiota diversity can be achieved by modifying related risk factors through changes in lifestyle and a healthy diet. Besides, the addition of probiotics, prebiotics or the combination of both (symbiotics), can result in the improvement of the intestinal permeability, inflammatory pathways and the immune system...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650991/a-new-way-of-producing-pediocin-in-pediococcus-acidilactici-through-intracellular-stimulation-by-internalized-inulin-nanoparticles
#5
Whee-Soo Kim, Jun-Yeong Lee, Bijay Singh, Sushila Maharjan, Liang Hong, Sang-Mok Lee, Lian-Hua Cui, Ki-June Lee, GiRak Kim, Cheol-Heui Yun, Sang-Kee Kang, Yun-Jaie Choi, Chong-Su Cho
One of the most challenging aspects of probiotics as a replacement for antibiotics is to enhance their antimicrobial activity against pathogens. Given that prebiotics stimulate the growth and/or activity of probiotics, we developed phthalyl inulin nanoparticles (PINs) as prebiotics and observed their effects on the cellular and antimicrobial activities of Pediococcus acidilactici (PA). First, we assessed the internalization of PINs into PA. The internalization of PINs was largely regulated by glucose transporters in PA, and the process was energy-dependent...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644870/a-novel-polyphenolic-prebiotic-and-probiotic-formulation-have-synergistic-effects-on-the-gut-microbiota-influencing-drosophila-melanogaster-physiology
#6
Susan Westfall, Nikita Lomis, Satya Prakash
The gut microbiota is a vast community of synergistic bacterial species providing health benefits to the host. Imbalances in the gut microbiota (dysbiosis) due to diet, antibiotic use, age and stress contribute to disease development including diabetes, obesity, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammaging and neurodegeneration. Fortunately, a probiotic regime with a diet rich in prebiotics may reverse dysbiosis promoting health and wellness in age. The current study designs, optimizes and tests a novel probiotic and synbiotic formulation consisting of three metabolically active probiotics Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus fermentum and Bifidobacteria infantis together with a novel polyphenol-rich prebiotic, Triphala...
April 12, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626749/the-effects-of-prebiotic-probiotic-and-synbiotic-supplementation-on-blood-parameters-of-renal-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Somayyeh Firouzi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have demonstrated promising results regarding possible improvements in renal function after prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic supplementation. The aim of this review was to demonstrate whether such supplementation will improve renal profile indexes including glomerular filtration rate (GFR), creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid (UA), and urea. METHOD: The meta-analysis included all studies that examined the effect of prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic supplements on one or more renal function parameters and had a control group...
February 6, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623833/new-therapeutic-drugs-from-bioactive-natural-molecules-the-role-of-gut-microbiota-metabolism-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#8
Francesco Di Meo, Stella Donato, Alba Di Pardo, Vittorio Maglione, Stefania Filosa, Stefania Crispi
The gut-brain axis is considered a neuroendocrine system, which connects brain and gastrointestinal tract and plays an important role in stress response. The homeostasis of gut-brain axis is important for healthy conditions and its alterations are associated to neurological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. Gut microbiota is a dynamic ecosystem that can be altered by external factors such as diet composition, antibiotics or xenobiotics. Recent advances in gut microbiota analyses indicate that the gut bacterial community plays a key role in maintaining normal brain functions...
April 3, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621737/time-for-food-the-impact-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-and-human-health
#9
REVIEW
Na Zhang, Zhongjie Ju, Tao Zuo
There is growing recognition of the role of diet on modulating the composition and metabolic activity of the human gut microbiota, which in turn influence health. Dietary ingredients and food additives have a substantial impact on the gut microbiota and hence affect human health. Updates on current understanding of the gut microbiota in diseases and metabolic disorders are addressed in this review, providing insights into how this can be transferred from bench to bench side as gut microbes are integrated with food...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617899/in-ovo-applications-in-poultry-a-review
#10
E D Peebles
The various methods employed for the in ovo administration of different materials for promoting the health and productivity of poultry are discussed in this review article. The amnion has proven to be an effective site for injection and the timing of in ovo injection has commonly occurred at transfer. However, the volumes and dosages or concentrations of the materials administered vary depending on bird type, egg size, timing and site of injection, incubation system and regimen, and the type of material. Both manual and automated injections have been shown to be effective...
March 28, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610042/regulatory-pathways-to-enable-the-licencing-of-alternatives-to-antibiotics
#11
Faye Ioannou, Cindy Burnsteel, David K J Mackay, Cyril G Gay
Effective alternatives to antibiotics (ATA) such as vaccines, antibodies, phage therapies, prebiotics, probiotics and herbal medicines can be used in place of traditional antibiotics in a way that does not compromise animal health as means of tackling the growing threat to both animal and human health from antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This paper reflects the key points on the approaches that were discussed during the 2nd International Symposium on ATA between regulatory agencies, veterinary product companies representing largely the pharmaceutical and feed-additive sectors, academia and other stakeholders on regulatory pathways to enable the licensing of alternatives to antibiotics for food producing animals...
March 30, 2018: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607792/nutritional-strategies-to-prevent-gastrointestinal-toxicity-during-pelvic-radiotherapy
#12
Linda J Wedlake
Radiotherapy-induced damage to non-cancerous gastrointestinal mucosa has effects on secretory and absorptive functions and can interfere with normal gastrointestinal physiology. Nutrient absorption and digestion may be compromised. Dietary manipulation is an attractive option with sound rationale for intervention. The aim of this review was to synthesise published evidence for the use of elemental formulae, low or modified fat diets, fibre, lactose restriction and probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics to protect the bowel from gastrointestinal side effects during long-course, radical pelvic radiotherapy...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606895/hepatic-encephalopathy-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Mirashini Swaminathan, Mark Alexander Ellul, Timothy Js Cross
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a common complication of liver dysfunction, including acute liver failure and liver cirrhosis. HE presents as a spectrum of neuropsychiatric symptoms ranging from subtle fluctuating cognitive impairment to coma. It is a significant contributor of morbidity in patients with liver disease. HE is observed in acute liver failure, liver bypass procedures, for example, shunt surgry and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, and cirrhosis. These are classified as Type A, B and C HE, respectively...
2018: Hepatic Medicine: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606767/evaluation-and-application-of-prebiotic-and-probiotic-ingredients-for-development-of-ready-to-drink-tea-beverage
#14
Shweta Tewari, Kriti Kumari Dubey, Rekha S Singhal
Ready-to-drink (RTD) ice tea is a ready prepared tea, produced from green and black tea originating from same plant Camellia sinensis . The objective of this study was to determine the effect of prebiotics [galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS), fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS), and inulin] or synbiotic ingredients (GOS, FOS, inulin, and Lactobacillus acidophilus ) on the sensory properties and consumer acceptability of RTD. The quality of green tea extract (GTE) and black tea extract (BTE) was improved with pretreatment of cellulase and pectinase enzymes...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606434/phytochemical-profiling-of-the-ripening-of-chinese-mango-mangifera-indica-l-cultivars-by-real-time-monitoring-using-uplc-esi-qtof-ms-and-its-potential-benefits-as-prebiotic-ingredients
#15
Kai Hu, Abdul Ghani Dars, Qiudou Liu, Bijun Xie, Zhida Sun
Maturity has important effects on the phytochemical and biochemical characteristics of fruits. It affects the quality, nutritional value, harvest time and commercial operations. In this study, Keitt, Sensation and Xiangya mango cultivars in four distinct stages from southwest China were evaluated for their phytochemical profiling and antioxidant activities in real time. Furthermore, the biochemical characteristics indices polyphenol oxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and pectin methylesterase (PME) activities were determined...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580007/functional-characterization-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-item-17215-a-potential-biocontrol-agent-of-fungi-with-plant-growth-promoting-traits-able-to-enhance-the-nutritional-value-of-cereal-products
#16
Mattia Quattrini, Cristian Bernardi, Milda Stuknytė, Fabio Masotti, Alessandro Passera, Giovanni Ricci, Lisa Vallone, Ivano De Noni, Milena Brasca, Maria Grazia Fortina
In this work, we explored the potential of 25 Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from cereals and milk-based products, testing characteristics related to antifungal activity and to nutritional quality. The tested strains demonstrated interesting beneficial traits, such as the ability to utilize fructo-oligosaccharides, prebiotic substances that help probiotic microorganisms to grow in the human gut, and to reduce phytate, an antinutrient present in cereal sector. Regarding mould inhibition, we highlighted the ability of the strains to inhibit Penicillium roqueforti, Mucor circinelloides and mycotoxinogenic moulds associated with cereal grains as Aspergillus flavus, A...
April 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570147/nutrition-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-position-paper-on-behalf-of-the-porto-inflammatory-bowel-disease-group-of-the-european-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#17
Erasmo Miele, Raanan Shamir, Marina Aloi, Amit Assa, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Lissy de Ridder, Johanna C Escher, Iva Hojsak, Sanja Kolaček, Sibylle Koletzko, Arie Levine, Paolo Lionetti, Massimo Martinelli, Frank Ruemmele, Richard K Russell, Rotem Sigall Boneh, Johan van Limbergen, Gigi Veereman, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A growing body of evidence supports the need for detailed attention to nutrition and diet in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to define the steps in instituting dietary or nutritional management in light of the current evidence and to offer a useful and practical guide to physicians and dieticians involved in the care of pediatric IBD patients. METHODS: A group of 20 experts in pediatric IBD participated in an iterative consensus process including 2 face-to-face meetings, following an open call to Nutrition Committee of the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Porto, IBD Interest, and Nutrition Committee...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568082/antioxidant-and-prebiotic-activity-of-five-peonidin-based-anthocyanins-extracted-from-purple-sweet-potato-ipomoea-batatas-l-lam
#18
Hanju Sun, Pingping Zhang, Yongsheng Zhu, Qiuyan Lou, Shudong He
Twelve kinds of anthocyanins from the Chinese purple sweet potato cultivar (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) were extracted and identified using LC-MS/MS, which had a high content of peonidin-based anthocyanins. Five peonidin-based anthocyanin monomers (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were isolated by preparative liquid chromatography with structural analyses using an Impact II Q-TOF MS/MS. Then, the functional properties of the anthocyanin monomers, such as the antioxidant activities, proliferative effects on probiotics, and their inhibition on harmful bacteria in vitro, were investigated...
March 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560414/management-of-constipation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Anna J Pedrosa Carrasco, Lars Timmermann, David J Pedrosa
A considerable body of research has recently emerged around nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) and their substantial impact on patients' well-being. A prominent example is constipation which occurs in up to two thirds of all PD-patients thereby effecting psychological and social distress and consequently reducing quality of life. Despite the significant clinical relevance of constipation, unfortunately little knowledge exists on effective treatments. Therefore this systematic review aims at providing a synopsis on clinical effects and safety of available treatment options for constipation in PD...
2018: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555372/structural-and-biochemical-characterization-of-a-gh3-%C3%AE-glucosidase-from-the-probiotic-bacteria-bifidobacterium-adolescentis
#20
Renata N Florindo, Valquiria P Souza, Lívia R Manzine, Cesar M Camilo, Sandro R Marana, Igor Polikarpov, Alessandro S Nascimento
Bifidobacterium is an important genus of probiotic bacteria colonizing the human gut. These bacteria can uptake oligosaccharides for the fermentative metabolism of hexoses and pentoses, producing lactate, acetate as well as short-chain fatty acids and propionate. These end-products are known to have important effects on human health. β-glucosidases (EC 3.2.1.21) are pivotal enzymes for the metabolism and homeostasis of Bifidobacterium, since they hydrolyze small and soluble saccharides, typically producing glucose...
March 16, 2018: Biochimie
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