keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

probiotics and prebiotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226031/sodium-salt-medium-chain-fatty-acids-and-bacillus-based-probiotic-strategies-to-improve-growth-and-intestinal-health-of-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#1
Paula Simó-Mirabet, M Carla Piazzon, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Álvaro Ortiz, Mónica Puyalto, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
Background: The increased demand for fish protein has led to the intensification of aquaculture practices which are hampered by nutritional and health factors affecting growth performance. To solve these problems, antibiotics have been used for many years in the prevention, control and treatment against disease as well as growth promoters to improve animal performance. Nowadays, the use of antibiotics in the European Union and other countries has been completely or partially banned as a result of the existence of antibiotic cross-resistance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225285/evaluation-of-probiotic-and-prebiotic-like-effects-of-bacillus-subtilis-bn-on-growth-of-lactobacilli
#2
Masanori Horie, Taisuke Koike, Sakiko Sugino, Aya Umeno, Yasukazu Yoshida
The aim of this study was to determine the probiotic and the prebiotic-like properties of Bacillus subtilis BN, a spore-forming bacterium, also known as "natto-kin", which is used for making the Japanese fermented food, natto. We used the spores and vegetative cells of this strain and compared their effects on the growth of lactobacilli. Culture supernatant from B. subtilis BN was added to a glucose-free MRS medium used to culture lactobacilli. When lactobacilli were cultured in the supernatant-containing medium, growth was improved...
December 8, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214176/human-gut-microbiota-associated-with-obesity-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#3
Ya-Ping Hou, Qing-Qing He, Hai-Mei Ouyang, Hai-Shan Peng, Qun Wang, Jie Li, Xiao-Fei Lv, Yi-Nan Zheng, Shao-Chuan Li, Hai-Liang Liu, Ai-Hua Yin
Objective: To investigate the gut microbiota differences of obese children compared with the control healthy cohort to result in further understanding of the mechanism of obesity development. Methods: We evaluated the 16S rRNA gene, the enterotypes, and quantity of the gut microbiota among obese children and the control cohort and learned the differences of the gut microbiota during the process of weight reduction in obese children. Results: In the present study, we learned that the gut microbiota composition was significantly different between obese children and the healthy cohort...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210921/celiac-disease-by-the-age-of-13-years-is-not-associated-with-probiotics-administration-in-infancy
#4
Emma Merike Savilahti, Jorma Ilonen, Anna Kaarina Kukkonen, Erkki Savilahti, Mikael Kuitunen
Probiotics are theoretically promising in primary prevention of celiac disease (CD), but research evidence on the topic is scarce. We used the data and material of a clinical double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial on primary allergy prevention (n = 1223) to investigate in an exploratory study whether administration of a mix of pro- and prebiotics during late pregnancy and first 6 months of life was associated with prevalence of CD during 13-year follow-up. Children who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for CD (n = 11) and subjects with a serum sample available for analyzing CD-antibodies (n = 867) were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208770/the-role-of-gut-microbiota-in-the-effects-of-maternal-obesity-during-pregnancy-on-offspring-metabolism
#5
Liyuan Zhou, Xinhua Xiao
Obesity is considered a global epidemic. Specifically, obesity during pregnancy programs an increased risk of the offspring developing metabolic disorders in addition to the adverse effects on the mother per se. Large numbers of human and animal studies have demonstrated that the gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in obesity and metabolic diseases. Similarly, maternal obesity during pregnancy is associated with alterations in the composition and diversity of the intestine microbial community. Recently, the microbiota in the placenta, amniotic fluid, and meconium in healthy gestations has been investigated, and the results supported the "in utero colonization hypothesis" and challenged the traditional "sterile womb" that has been acknowledged worldwide for more than a century...
December 5, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208500/effect-of-microencapsulated-probiotic-bacillus-vireti-01-polysaccharide-extract-of-gracilaria-folifera-with-alginate-chitosan-on-immunity-antioxidant-activity-and-disease-resistance-of-macrobrachium-rosenbergii-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-infection
#6
S Vidhya Hindu, S Thanigaivel, S Vijayakumar, Natarajan Chandrasekaran, Amitava Mukherjee, John Thomas
Polysaccharide from red seaweed Gracilaria folifera has an interesting functional property of antioxidant activity and prebiotic effect. A feeding trial experiment was directed to examine the effect of probiotic bacteria Bacillus vireti 01 microencapsulated with G. folifera polysaccharide against freshwater prawn M. rosenbergii. Three different feeding trials were conducted for 15 days. The first group contained prawns fed with commercial diet. The second group was comprised of Aeromonas hydrophila challenged prawns fed with commercial feed...
December 2, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205651/gut-microbiota-in-early-life-and-its-influence-on-health-and-disease-a-position-paper-by-the-malaysian-working-group-on-gastrointestinal-health
#7
Yeong Yeh Lee, Siti Asma Hassan, Intan Hakimah Ismail, Sze Yee Chong, Raja Affendi Raja Ali, Syafinaz Amin Nordin, Way Seah Lee, Noorizan Abdul Majid
The role of gut microbiota in early life and its impact on gut health and subsequent diseases remain unclear. There is a lack of research and awareness in this area, especially in the Asia-Pacific region, including Malaysia. This paper reports the position of a Malaysian Working Group on some key issues surrounding gut microbiota in early life and its role in gut health and diseases, as well as experts' stand on probiotics and prebiotics. The group reached a consensus that certain factors, including elective caesarean; premature deliveries; complementary feeding; use of antibiotics, prebiotics and/or probiotics; and exposure to the external environmental, have an impact on gut microbiota in early life...
December 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196919/the-combined-efficiency-of-dietary-isomaltooligosaccharides-and-bacillus-spp-on-the-growth-hemato-serological-and-intestinal-microbiota-indices-of-caspian-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-caspius-kessler-1877
#8
Maryam Aftabgard, Alireza Salarzadeh, Mahmoud Mohseni, Amir Houshang Bahri Shabanipour, Mohammad Ebrahim Jalil Zorriehzahra
The combined effects of a commercial probiotic, BetaPlus®, and a prebiotic, isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOS) on the growth, survival rate, intestinal microbiota, and hemato-immunological parameters were evaluated in Caspian brown trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877). Caspian brown trout fingerlings (~ 9 g) were fed a control diet (basal diet) or a synbiotic diet (the basal diet + 2 g kg-1 IMOS + 1 g kg-1 BetaPlus®) for 7 weeks. At the end of this trial, fish fed the synbiotic diet showed significant improvements in body weight increase, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate compared with fish fed the control diet (P < 0...
December 1, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194366/exploring-the-impact-of-food-on-the-gut-ecosystem-based-on-the-combination-of-machine-learning-and-network-visualization
#9
Hideaki Shima, Shizuka Masuda, Yasuhiro Date, Amiu Shino, Yuuri Tsuboi, Mizuho Kajikawa, Yoshihiro Inoue, Taisei Kanamoto, Jun Kikuchi
Prebiotics and probiotics strongly impact the gut ecosystem by changing the composition and/or metabolism of the microbiota to improve the health of the host. However, the composition of the microbiota constantly changes due to the intake of daily diet. This shift in the microbiota composition has a considerable impact; however, non-pre/probiotic foods that have a low impact are ignored because of the lack of a highly sensitive evaluation method. We performed comprehensive acquisition of data using existing measurements (nuclear magnetic resonance, next-generation DNA sequencing, and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy) and analyses based on a combination of machine learning and network visualization, which extracted important factors by the Random Forest approach, and applied these factors to a network module...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189738/aging-gut-microbiota-at-the-cross-road-between-nutrition-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-is-there-a-gut-muscle-axis
#10
REVIEW
Andrea Ticinesi, Fulvio Lauretani, Christian Milani, Antonio Nouvenne, Claudio Tana, Daniele Del Rio, Marcello Maggio, Marco Ventura, Tiziana Meschi
Inadequate nutrition and physical inactivity are the mainstays of primary sarcopenia-physiopathology in older individuals. Gut microbiota composition is strongly dependent on both of these elements, and conversely, can also influence the host physiology by modulating systemic inflammation, anabolism, insulin sensitivity, and energy production. The bacterial metabolism of nutrients theoretically influences skeletal muscle cell functionality through producing mediators that drive all of these systemic effects...
November 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189354/probiotics-for-prevention-of-clostridium-difficile-infection
#11
John P Mills, Krishna Rao, Vincent B Young
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Probiotics may prevent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a leading healthcare-associated infection in the United States. However, prior studies were limited by heterogeneity in products and patient populations. Recent clinical evidence and new approaches to probiotic development are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Probiotic use may reduce incident CDI in high-risk populations by as much as 50%, though prior clinical trials have yielded conflicting results...
November 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186641/gut-microbiota-and-colorectal-cancer-insights-into-pathogenesis-for-novel-therapeutic-strategies
#12
Yongbo Kang, Wei Pan, Yue Cai
Colorectal cancer (CRC), as a leading cause of cancer-related death, is triggered by the complex interplay of host genetics and environmental factors. Mounting evidence has shed light on the association of the gut microbiota dysbiosis with CRC. In CRC experimental models, certain gut microbial strains have been shown to inhibit or attenuate immune responses, indicating that specific species among intestinal commensal bacteria may play either a pathogenic or a protective role in the development of CRC. Oral intake of probiotics/prebiotics can therefore serve as a therapeutic approach for CRC treatment...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185825/effect-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-cd4-cell-count-in-hiv-infected-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Asma Kazemi, Kurosh Djafarian, John R Speakman, Parviz Sabour, Sepideh Soltani, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
Progressive decline in CD4 cell counts is associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. Loss of CD4 cells might contribute to gut microbiota alteration and bacterial translocation. Probiotics, by inducing epithelial healing, may promote the restoration of the intestinal CD4+ T-cell population. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically review all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of probiotic/prebiotic/synbiotic supplementation on CD4 cell counts in HIV-infected patients...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184253/malt-sprout-an-underused-beer-by-product-with-promising-potential-for-the-growth-and-dehydration-of-lactobacilli-strains
#14
Luján Cejas, Nelson Romano, Ana Moretti, Pablo Mobili, Marina Golowczyc, Andrea Gómez-Zavaglia
Malt sprout (MS), a by-product of the malt industry obtained by removing rootlets and sprouts from the seed of germinated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), was used as culture, dehydration and storage medium of three strains of lactobacilli: Lactobacillus salivarius CM-CIDCA 1231B and CM-CIDCA 1232Y and Lactobacillus plantarum CIDCA 83114. The three strains were grown in MS and MS supplemented with 20% w/v fructo-oligosaccharides (MS FOS). Bacterial growth was determined by registering the decrease of pH and by plate counting...
December 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168358/the-effect-of-early-administration-of-combined-multi-strain-and-multi-species-probiotics-on-gastrointestinal-morbidities-and-mortality-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-care-unit
#15
İpek Güney-Varal, Nilgün Köksal, Hilal Özkan, Onur Bağcı, Pelin Doğan
Güney-Varal İ, Köksal N, Özkan H, Bağcı O, Doğan P. The effect of early administration of combined multi-strain and multi-species probiotics on gastrointestinal morbidities and mortality in preterm infants: A randomized controlled trial in a tertiary care unit. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 13-19. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal emergency of the neonatal period. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the use of multistrain and multispecies probiotic on gastrointestinal morbidities and mortality...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168036/the-gut-microbiome-symptoms-and-targeted-interventions-in-children-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jinbing Bai, Madhusmita Behera, Deborah Watkins Bruner
PURPOSE: The gut microbiome plays a critical role in maintaining children's health and in preventing and treating children's disease. Current application of the gut microbiome in childhood cancer is still lacking. This study aimed to systematically review the following: (1) alternations in the gut microbiome throughout cancer treatment trajectories in children, (2) the associations between the gut microbiome and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and psychoneurological symptoms (PNS), and (3) the efficacy of therapeutic interventions in the gut microbiome in children with cancer...
November 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161088/mechanistic-basis-for-obesity-related-increases-in-ozone-induced-airway-hyperresponsiveness-in-mice
#17
Stephanie A Shore
Obesity is a risk factor for asthma, especially nonallergic asthma. Ozone, a common air pollutant, is a nonallergic asthma trigger. Importantly, ozone-induced decrements in lung function are greater in obese and overweight human subjects than in lean individuals. Obese mice also exhibit exaggerated pulmonary responses to ozone. Ozone causes greater increases in pulmonary resistance, in bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophils, and in airway hyperresponsiveness in obese than in lean mice. Our data indicate that IL-33 plays a role in mediating these events...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156925/-new-ingredients-in-infant-formula-health-and-functional-benefits
#18
M Cristina De Almagro García, José Antonio Moreno Muñoz, Jesús Jiménez López, María Rodríguez-Palmero Seuma
There is an increasing body of evidence about the effect that early nutrition and lifestyle could have on the programming of later health and disease. Infant formula must cover all the nutritional needs to promote adequate infant growth and development. Currently, important research efforts have been made to supplement infant formulae with new bioactive ingredients with health benefits for the infant. The milk fat globule membrane is one of the new ingredients, which provides phospholipids and gangliosides, as well as bioactive proteins...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155807/a-synbiotic-containing-amino-acid-based-formula-improves-gut-microbiota-in-non-ige-mediated-allergic-infants
#19
David C A Candy, Marleen T J Van Ampting, Manon M Oude Nijhuis, Harm Wopereis, Assad M Butt, Diego G Peroni, Yvan Vandenplas, Adam T Fox, Neil Shah, Christina E West, Johan Garssen, Lucien F Harthoorn, Jan Knol, Louise J Michaelis
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics and probiotics (synbiotics) can modify gut microbiota and have potential in allergy management when combined with amino acid-based formula (AAF) for infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA). METHODS: This multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of an AAF including synbiotic blend on percentages of bifidobacteria and Eubacterium rectale/Clostridium coccoides group (ER/CC) in feces from infants with suspected non-IgE-mediated CMA...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153882/identification-of-probiotic-effector-molecules-present-state-and-future-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Sarah Lebeer, Peter A Bron, Maria L Marco, Jan-Peter Van Pijkeren, Mary O'Connell Motherway, Colin Hill, Bruno Pot, Stefan Roos, Todd Klaenhammer
Comprehension of underlying mechanisms of probiotic action will support rationale selection of probiotic strains and targeted clinical study design with a higher likelihood of success. This will consequently contribute to better substantiation of health claims. Here, we aim to provide a perspective from a microbiology point of view that such comprehensive understanding is not straightforward. We show examples of well-documented probiotic effector molecules in Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains, including surface-located molecules such as specific pili, S-layer proteins, exopolysaccharides, muropeptides, as well as more widely produced metabolites such as tryptophan-related and histamine-related metabolites, CpG-rich DNA, and various enzymes such as lactase and bile salt hydrolases...
November 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
51186
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"