Read by QxMD icon Read

Preterm, infant preterm

Krystin A Engelhardt, Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Gregory H Gorman, Nicole R Dobson
Background: The Military Health System (MHS) provides universal access to medical care to active duty service members, retirees, and their dependents. Observational data from small studies suggest lower preterm birth rates in the MHS compared with U.S. national averages. The objectives of this study are to determine the rate of preterm birth in the MHS from 2006 to 2012 compared with national rates and to analyze the impact of demographic factors on preterm birth in a universal access health care system...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Daniel Zenteno, Aldo Bancalari, Ximena Navarro, Valentina Díaz, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Pablo Brockmann
INTRODUCTION: Night Continuous Saturometry (CSO2) is used in Neonatal Units to detect events of hypoxemia in Newborns (NB) with apnea episodes. Polygraphy (PG) has a larger number of measuring channels. Our goal was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CSO2 compared to Polygra phy in NB with suspected sleep apneas. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Results of CSO2 and PG performed simultaneously in RN with suspected apneas were retrospectively analyzed over a three-year period...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
C Le Roy, G Larios, D Springmüller, C Clavería
INTRODUCTION: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) present a high percentage of undern utrition and the interpretation of their nutritional assessment is difficult. OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional status of infants with CHD using two anthropometric classifications and compare them. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent cohort study. We studied children under 12 months under going cardiac surgery. We excluded preterm infants, small for gestational age, carriers of genetic syndrome or other disease with nutritional compromise...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
D Valenzuela, F Moya, M Luco, J L Tapia
50 years ago, Northway described Broncopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants exposed to mechanical ventilation. Since then, their survival has increased, nevertheless a "new BPD" has appeared and its incidence has not diminished. One of the characteristics of this pathology is the the abnormal vascular remodeling, which in its most severe expression is known as Pulmonary Hyper tension (PH); with an incidence of 17% in patients with BPD, which is proportional to the severity of the disease (33% in severe BPD), and as mortality factor (up to 48% 2-year mortality in PH-BPD)...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Masha Shulkin, Laura Pimpin, David Bellinger, Sarah Kranz, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Dariush Mozaffarian
Background: Epidemiologic studies link maternal seafood and n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) consumption with improved childhood cognitive development; trials show mixed results. Objective: We investigated effects of n-3 PUFA supplementation on child cognitive and visual outcomes. Methods: We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed randomized controlled trials of n-3 PUFA supplementation in mothers or infants (age ≤2 y) and evaluated standardized measures of cognitive or visual development up to age 18 y...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Charles Cai, Taimur Ahmad, Gloria B Valencia, Jacob V Aranda, Jiliu Xu, Kay D Beharry
OBJECTIVES: Extremely low gestational age neonates with chronic lung disease requiring oxygen therapy frequently experience fluctuations in arterial oxygen saturation or intermittent hypoxia (IH). These infants are at risk for multi-organ developmental delay, reduced growth, and short stature. The growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) system, an important hormonal regulator of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, promotes neonatal growth and development. We tested the hypothesis that increasing episodes of IH delay neonatal growth by influencing the GH/IGF-I axis...
March 8, 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Jennifer Carns, Kondwani Kawaza, M K Quinn, Yinsen Miao, Rudy Guerra, Elizabeth Molyneux, Maria Oden, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypothermia is widely associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality, but remains a pervasive global problem. No studies have examined the impact of hypothermia on outcomes for preterm infants treated with CPAP for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: This retrospective analysis assessed the impact of hypothermia on outcomes of 65 neonates diagnosed with RDS and treated with either nasal oxygen (N = 17) or CPAP (N = 48) in a low-resource setting...
2018: PloS One
Elizabeth A Brownell, Adam P Matson, Kelsey C Smith, James E Moore, Patricia A Esposito, Mary M Lussier, Trudy J Lerer, James I Hagadorn
BACKGROUND: A dose-response relationship between proportions of donor human milk (DHM) intake and in-neonatal intensive care unit (in-NICU) growth rates, if any, remains poorly defined. Objective was to evaluate interrelationships between percentages of DHM, mother's own milk (MOM), and preterm formula (PF) intake and neonatal growth parameters at 36 weeks postmenstrual age or NICU discharge. METHODS: Infants eligible for this single-center retrospective study were inborn at ≤32 weeks gestation or ≤1800 g, stayed in the NICU for ≥7 days, and received enteral nutrition consisting of human milk fortified with Enfamil human milk fortifier acidified liquid...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
A V Tereshchenko, Yu A Belyy, Yu A Sidorova, I G Trifanenkova, M S Tereshchenkova, Yu A Yudina
AIM: to develop the methodology of early primary vitrectomy for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 10 preterm infants (20 eyes; gestational term - 26-30 weeks, post-conceptual age - 34-39 weeks) with severe forms of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP). All patients underwent a complex ophthalmic examination. Their results were compared with retrospective data of earlier treated AP-ROP patients (10 preterm infants, 20 eyes), in whom laser photocoagulation (LC) was done first (gestational period at the time of LC ranged from 26 to 30 weeks, post-conceptual age - from 34 to 39 weeks)...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Valentina Morsan, Carlo Fantoni, Maria Anna Tallandini
AIM: To verify whether it is appropriate to use age correction for infants born preterm in all the developmental domains (cognitive, linguistic, and motor) considered by the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III). METHOD: Seventy-three infants born preterm (26-35wks) without major neurological sequelae and 67 infants born at term were assessed at 12 months (corrected age for infants born preterm). The performance of the infants born preterm was assessed with two different evaluations: scores based on uncorrected age and scores based on corrected age...
March 14, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Carlos Menendez-Castro, Dörte Nitz, Nada Cordasic, Jutta Jordan, Tobias Bäuerle, Fabian B Fahlbusch, Wolfgang Rascher, Karl F Hilgers, Andrea Hartner
Neonatal nephron loss may follow hypoxic-ischemic events or nephrotoxic medications. Its long-term effects on the kidney are still unclear. Unlike term infants, preterm neonates less than 36 weeks gestational age show ongoing nephrogenesis. We hypothesized that nephron loss during nephrogenesis leads to more severe renal sequelae than nephron loss shortly after the completion of nephrogenesis. Rats show nephrogenesis until day 10 of life resembling the situation of preterm infants. Animals were uninephrectomized at day 1 (UNX d1) resulting in nephron reduction during nephrogenesis and at day 14 of life (UNX d14) inducing nephron loss after the completion of nephrogenesis...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Francesca Ciuffini, Colin F Robertson, David G Tingay
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common complication of premature birth, generally defined by the presence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, both clinically and in trials of respiratory therapies. However, recent data have highlighted that bronchopulmonary dysplasia does not correlate with chronic respiratory morbidity in older children born preterm. Longitudinally evaluating pulmonary morbidity from early life through to childhood provides a more rational method of defining the continuum of chronic respiratory morbidity of prematurity, and offers new insights into the efficacy of neonatal respiratory interventions...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Sigrid Baumgartner, Monika Olischar, Martin Wald, Tobias Werther, Angelika Berger, Thomas Waldhör, Georg Fischer, Ulrike Salzer-Muhar
BACKGROUND: Postnatally, the immature left ventricle (LV) is subjected to high systemic afterload. Hypothesizing that LV pumping would change during transition-adaptation we analyzed the LV in preterm infants (GA≤32+6), clinically stable or with a hemodynamically significant PDA (hPDA) by applying a pump model. METHODS: Pumping was characterized by EA (effective arterial elastance, reflecting afterload), EES (endsystolic LV elastance, reflecting contractility), EA /EES -coupling ratios, descriptive EA :EES relations and EA /EES -graphs...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Siddhidatri Mishra, Rashmi Bagga, Jasvinder Kalra, Vanita Jain, Sourabh Dutta
Women (n = 300) at 'low risk' for a preterm birth (PTB), a singleton pregnancy and for a 16-24 week period of gestation (POG) were randomised to undergo cervical length (CL) measurement by transvaginal sonography (TVS) or not. The aim was to see if routine CL measurement and treatment of a short CL reduced the PTB rate. 'Low risk' was defined by an absence of a prior abortion or PTB of a singleton infant (>16 to <37 weeks) due to a spontaneous preterm labour (PTL) or a preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (pPROM)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Neina F Ferguson, Julie M Estis
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if brief video-recorded patient simulation training increased students' ability to assess feeding skills in preterm infants. Method: Baccalaureate-level nursing students (N = 52) and graduate-level speech-language pathology students (N = 42) were randomized to 1 of 2 groups: didactic training (N = 51) or didactic training plus video simulation (N = 43). Outcome measures included knowledge test scores, calculated clinical judgment scores, and clinical marker documentation accuracy...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Zbynĕk Straňák, Simona Feyereislová, Peter Korček, Eugene Dempsey
Postnatal adaptation in preterm newborn comprises complex physiological processes that involve significant changes in the circulatory and respiratory system. Increasing hemoglobin level and blood volume following placental transfusion may be of importance in enhancing arterial oxygen content, increasing cardiac output, and improving oxygen delivery. The European consensus on resuscitation of preterm infants recommends delayed cord clamping (DCC) for at least 60 s to promote placenta-fetal transfusion in uncompromised neonates...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Sujith S Pereira, Stephen T Kempley, David F Wertheim, Ajay K Sinha, Joan K Morris, Divyen K Shah
Background: Cerebral electrical activity in extremely preterm infants is affected by various factors including blood gas and circulatory parameters. Objective: To investigate whether continuously measured invasive mean arterial blood pressure (BP) is associated with electroencephalographic (EEG) discontinuity in extremely preterm infants. Study design: This prospective observational study examined 51 newborn infants born <29 weeks gestation in the first 3 days after birth...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Sukanya Srinivasan, Lisa Schlar, Stephanie E Rosener, Daniel J Frayne, Scott G Hartman, Michael A Horst, Jessica L Brubach, Stephen Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth, birth defects, and unintended pregnancy are major sources of infant and maternal morbidity, mortality, and associated resource use in American health care. Interconception Care (ICC) is recommended as a strategy to improve birth outcomes by modifying maternal risks between pregnancies, but no established model currently exists. The Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network developed and implemented a unique approach to ICC by assessing mothers during their baby's well-child visits (WCVs) up to 24 months...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Livio Provenzi, Sara Broso, Rosario Montirosso
Preterm infants are hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and are precociously separated from their mothers. Although developmental care interventions are meant to facilitate mother-infant bonding, physical contact is not always possible. Maternal voice exposure has been proposed as a way to foster maternal closeness and support postnatal bonding. Here we present a systematic review on maternal voice effects on preterm infants' development. Literature search occurred on 4 databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL)...
March 10, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Ángel Sánchez-Illana, Anna Parra-Llorca, Diana Escuder-Vieco, Carmen Rosa Pallás-Alonso, María Cernada, María Gormaz, Máximo Vento, Julia Kuligowski
Oxidative stress derived biomarkers have been extensively studied for assessing pathological situations in the neonatal period and their usefulness for an early outcome prediction of oxidative stress related diseases in non-invasive biofluids could be demonstrated. This is the first report on a method for the simultaneous detection of a panel of oxidative stress related biomarkers for quantifying damage to proteins and DNA in human breast milk samples. A straightforward sample clean-up procedure using 1.5 mL of milk was developed and extracts were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry...
August 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"