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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350266/normative-measurements-of-inferior-oblique-muscle-thickness-in-japanese-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-using-a-new-technique
#1
Maria Suzanne Sabundayo, Hirohiko Kakizaki, Yasuhiro Takahashi
PURPOSE: To measure the thickness of the inferior oblique muscle (IOM) among Japanese by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a new technique. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 78 patients (36 males and 42 females) who underwent MRI for detection of a unilateral orbital lesion or examining causes of unilateral retrobulbar pain. The thickness of the IOM was measured on the side without the orbital lesion or symptom. On the quasi-sagittal plane through the optic nerve, the major and minor axes of the cross-section of the IOM were measured...
January 19, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342440/the-critical-warning-sign-of-real-time-brainstem-auditory-evoked-potentials-during-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm
#2
Sang-Ku Park, Byung-Euk Joo, Seunghoon Lee, Jeong-A Lee, Jeong-Ho Hwang, Doo-Sik Kong, Dae-Won Seo, Kwan Park, Hoon-Taek Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define the critical warning sign of real-time brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) for predicting hearing loss (HL) after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). METHODS: Nine hundred and thirty-two patients with HFS who underwent MVD with intraoperative monitoring (IOM) of BAEP were analyzed. We used a 43.9 Hz/s stimulation rate and 400 averaging trials to obtain BAEP. To evaluate HL, pure-tone audiometry and speech discrimination scoring were performed before and one week after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342070/an-evaluation-of-industry-relationships-among-contributors-to-aaos-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-appropriate-use-criteria
#3
Jake X Checketts, Courtney Cook, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: A long-standing relationship between orthopaedic surgeons and industry has made financial conflicts of interest a concerning issue. Research supports that financial conflicts of interest can influence both medical research and clinical practice. Financial conflicts of interest may also influence clinical practice guideline recommendations and their corresponding appropriate use criteria. Because of the influential nature of these guidelines, it is imperative that care be taken to minimize bias during guideline development...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334705/-gestational-weight-gain-and-optimal-ranges-in-chinese-mothers-giving-singleton-and-full-term-births-in-2013
#4
J Wang, Y F Duan, X H Pang, S Jiang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of gestational weight gain (GWG) among Chinese mothers who gave singleton and full-term births, and to look at optimal GWG ranges. Methods: In 2013, using the multi-stage stratified and population proportional cluster sampling method, we investigated 8 323 mother-child pairs at their 0-24 months postpartum from 55 counties (cities/districts) of 30 provinces (except Tibet) in mainland China. Questionnaire was used to collect data on body weight before pregnancy and delivery, diseases during gestation, hemorrhage or not at postpartum, child birth weight and length, and other information about pregnant outcomes...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327549/-characteristics-and-treatments-of-the-essex-lopresti-injury
#5
Ming-Liang Li, Jian-Shui Mao, Chong-Bin Zhou, Ji-Wei Wang, Zhi-Jun Ye
OBJECTIVE: To summarize experiences of operative treatment for Essex-Lopresti injury, and analyze the effect of the compare repair of interosseous membrane of forearm(IOM)on the forearm function. METHODS: Twenty-four patients of Essex-Lopresti injury were treated from January 2005 to December 2013, 16 patients(group A) with radius and/or ulna fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation of radius or ulna and repair of forearm bone membrane at the same time, and then treated with open reduction and internal fixation of head of radius, as well as lower ulnar joint fixation or repair of wrist triangle fiber complex...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324383/the-influence-of-algal-organic-matter-produced-by-microcystis-aeruginosa-on-coagulation-ultrafiltration-treatment-of-natural-organic-matter
#6
Jie Xu, Yanxia Zhao, Baoyu Gao, Songlin Han, Qian Zhao, Xiaoli Liu
Cyanobacterial bloom causes the release of algal organic matter (AOM), which inevitably affects the treatment processes of natural organic matter (NOM). This study works on treating micro-polluted surface water (SW) by emerging coagulant, namely titanium sulfate (Ti(SO4)2), followed by Low Pressure Ultrafiltration (LPUF) technology. In particular, we explored the respective influence of extracellular organic matter (EOM) and intracellular organic matter (IOM) on synergetic EOM-NOM/IOM-NOM removal, functional mechanisms and subsequent filtration performance...
January 5, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319394/achieving-appropriate-gestational-weight-gain-the-role-of-healthcare-provider-advice
#7
Nicholas P Deputy, Andrea J Sharma, Shin Y Kim, Christine K Olson
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) revised gestational weight gain recommendations in 2009. We examined associations between healthcare provider advice about gestational weight gain and inadequate or excessive weight gain, stratified by prepregnancy body mass index category. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from women delivering full-term (37-42 weeks of gestation), singleton infants from four states that participated in the 2010-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (unweighted n = 7125)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298662/influence-of-weight-gain-according-to-institute-of-medicine-2009-recommendation-on-spontaneous-preterm-delivery-in-twin-pregnancies
#8
Paola Algeri, Francesca Pelizzoni, Davide Paolo Bernasconi, Francesca Russo, Maddalena Incerti, Sabrina Cozzolino, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Patrizia Vergani
BACKGROUNDS: Maternal total weight gain during pregnancy influences adverse obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies. However, its impact in twin gestation is less understood. Our objective was to estimate the influence of total maternal weight gain on preterm delivery in twin pregnancies. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including diamniotic twin pregnancies with spontaneous labor delivered at 28 + 0 weeks or later. We analyzed the influence of total weight gain according to Institute of Medicine (IOM) cut-offs on the development of preterm delivery (both less than 34 and 37 weeks)...
January 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258769/calcium-and-vitamin-d-in-human-health-hype-or-real
#9
REVIEW
Sunil J Wimalawansa, DSc Mohammed S Razzaque, Nasser M Al-Daghri
The incidence and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are increasing worldwide. It is estimated that over 50% of population in the world have low in vitamin D (i.e., hypovitaminosis D; levels below 30 ng/mL). 80% of our vitamin D requirement comes from the ultraviolet rays from sunlight, and for the remainder, we rely from the diet and supplements. The latter become important when one is exposing to less than optimal amounts of sunlight, inability of the skin to generate vitamin D efficiently, and/or having secondary causes that leads to increase catabolism of vitamin D...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239056/association-of-body-mass-index-and-weight-gain-patterns-with-albumin-excretion-in-pregnancy
#10
Özlem B Tulmaç, Zeynep Ö Dağ, Funda Erdoğan, Cemile D Sayan, Nevin Sağsöz
AIM: We examined body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) patterns of pregnant women and investigated the impact of these factors on the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) during pregnancy. METHODS: The data of 163 women whose basal BMI and ACR were measured during the first trimester were used in this study. Body weight alone between 12-16 weeks and body weight together with ACR after 37 weeks of gestation were measured. RESULTS: Overall, 46% of women were overweight or obese, 60...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236244/evaluation-of-disinfection-by-product-formation-during-chlor-am-ination-from-algal-organic-matter-after-uv-irradiation
#11
Shi Chen, Jing Deng, Lei Li, Naiyun Gao
This study evaluated the effect of low-pressure ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) from algal organic matter of Microcystis aeruginosa during subsequent chlorination and chloramination. The algal organic matter includes extracellular organic matter (EOM) and intracellular organic matter (IOM). The fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectra indicated that the humic/fulvic acid-like organics of EOM and the protein-like organics of IOM may be preferentially degraded by UV treatment...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215947/co-metabolic-degradation-of-iomeprol-by-a-pseudomonas-sp-and-its-application-in-biological-aerated-filter-systems
#12
Bingjie Xu, Bin Xu, Shiwei Shan, Gang Xue, Tianfeng Wang, Xiuwen Qiu, Changchao Zhan
The non-ionic water-soluble X-ray contrast agent iomeprol (IOM) enters the water supply through sewage treatment plants, which can cause considerable environmental harm. In this study, Pseudomonas sp. I-24 (I-24) was tested for its ability to remove IOM from water via co-metabolic pathways. The optimum removal rate of IOM by I-24 was 38.43% ± 3.70% when starch served as the source of external carbon, and its co-metabolism of IOM conformed to the first-order kinetics. The highest activity of intracellular enzyme (degrading enzyme) extracted from I-24 was 0...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209664/the-impact-of-health-information-technology-on-patient-safety
#13
Yasser K Alotaibi, Frank Federico
Since the original Institute of Medicine (IOM) report was published there has been an accelerated development and adoption of health information technology with varying degrees of evidence about the impact of health information technology on patient safety.  This article is intended to review the current available scientific evidence on the impact of different health information technologies on improving patient safety outcomes. We conclude that health information technology improves patient's safety by reducing medication errors, reducing adverse drug reactions, and improving compliance to practice guidelines...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200377/comparison-of-the-cas-pol-and-iom-samplers-for-determining-the-knockdown-efficiencies-of-water-sprays-on-float-coal-dust
#14
Clara E Seaman, Michael R Shahan, Timothy W Beck, Steven E Mischler
Float coal dust, generated by mining operations, is distributed throughout mine airways by ventilating air designed to purge gases and respirable dust. Float coal dust poses an explosion hazard in the event of a methane ignition. Current regulation requires the application of inert rock dust in areas subjected to float coal dust in order to mitigate the hazard. An alternate method using water sprays, which have been effective in controlling respirable dust hazards, has been proposed as a way to control float coal dust generated on longwall faces...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179271/-relationship-between-the-risk-of-emergency-cesarean-section-for-nullipara-with-the-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-or-gestational-weight-gain
#15
R F Zhao, W Y Zhang, L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the risk of emergency cesarean section during labor with the pre-pregnancy body mass index or gestational weight gain. Methods: A total of 6 908 healthy nullipara with singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation who was in term labor in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 1(st), 2014 to September 30(th), 2015 were recruited. They were divided into two groups, the vaginal delivery group (92.88%, 6 416/6 908) and the emergency cesarean section group (7.12%, 492/6 908)...
November 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172881/the-institute-of-medicine-recommendation-for-gestational-weight-gain-is-probably-not-optimal-among-non-american-pregnant-women-a-retrospective-study-from-china
#16
Xiang Jiang, Ming Liu, Yuehua Song, Jing Mao, Mulan Zhou, Zhenfang Ma, Xiaohu Qian, Zhimin Han, Tao Duan
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended gestational weight gain (GWG) range is optimal among Chinese singleton pregnant women. METHODS: For the purpose of a retrospective observational study, data on 8209 mature singleton deliveries in Shanghai from January 2014 to December 2016 were extracted from medical records in terms of clinical performance. All cases were categorized as undergainers, appropriate-gainers, and above-gainers according to IOM recommended gestational weight gain range after stratification of maternal BMI and proportions of three categories were calculated...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160923/pregnancy-weight-gain-by-gestational-age-and-stillbirth-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Kari Johansson, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Lisa M Bodnar, Sven Cnattingius, Olof Stephansson
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between total and early pregnancy (<22 completed weeks) weight gain and risk of stillbirth, stratified by early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Stockholm-Gotland Region, Sweden. POPULATION: Pregnant women with singleton births (n=160,560). METHODS: Pregnancy weight gain was standardized into gestational age-specific z-scores...
November 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157164/concentrations-and-number-size-distribution-of-fine-and-nanoparticles-in-a-traditional-finnish-bakery
#18
Antti Karjalainen, Maija Leppänen, Jani Leskinen, Tiina Torvela, Pertti Pasanen, Jarkko Tissari, Mirella Miettinen
In bakeries, high concentrations of flour dust can exist and ovens release particles into the air as well. Particle concentrations (mass, number) and number size distribution may vary considerably but the variation is not commonly studied. Furthermore, the role of the smallest size fractions is rarely considered in the exposure assessment due to their small mass. The objectives of this work were to find out how concentrations and number size distribution of fine and nanoparticles vary in a traditional Finnish bakery, and to determine the exposure of a dough maker to the nanoparticle fraction of the inhalable dust...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132221/2009-iom-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-how-well-do-they-predict-outcomes-across-ethnic-groups
#19
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121896/pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-and-their-effects-on-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-a-cohort-study-in-west-sumatra-indonesia
#20
Hora Soltani, Nur I Lipoeto, Frankie J Fair, Karen Kilner, Y Yusrawati
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has a considerably high incidence of maternal and infant mortality. The country has however been experiencing a social and economic transition, influencing its general population demographics and nutritional status including the state of health and nutrition of pregnant women. This study aimed to explore body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG), and their relationship with pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Indonesian pregnant women. METHODS: This observational cohort study included a total of 607 pregnant women who were recruited in 2010 from maternity clinics in Western Sumatra, Indonesia...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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