Read by QxMD icon Read


Pavani Rangachari
In 1999, the Institute of Medicine reported that 98,000 people die each year due to medical errors. In the following years, the focus on hospital quality was intensified nationally, with policymakers providing evidence-based practice guidelines for improving health care quality. However, these innovations (evidence-based guidelines) that were being produced at policy levels were not translating to clinical practice at the hospital organizational level easily, and stark variations continued to persist, in the quality of health care...
2018: Innov Entrep Health
Daorong Xu, Yibei Wang, Chunyu Jiang, Maoqing Fu, Shiqi Li, Lei Qian, Peidong Sun, Jun Ouyang
BACKGROUND: Ligament repair and augmentation techniques can stabilize syndesmosis injuries. However, little is known about the mechanical behavior of syndesmotic ligaments. The aim of this study was to analyze full-field strain, strain trend under foot rotation, and subregional strain differences of the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL), posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL), and interosseous membrane (IOM). METHODS: Eleven fresh-frozen lower limbs were dissected to expose the AITFL, PITFL, and IOM...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Suzanne Phelan, Rena R Wing, Anna Brannen, Angelica McHugh, Todd A Hagobian, Andrew Schaffner, Elissa Jelalian, Chantelle N Hart, Theresa O Scholl, Karen Munoz-Christian, Elaine Yin, Maureen G Phipps, Sarah Keadle, Barbara Abrams
Background: Behavioral lifestyle interventions during pregnancy can prevent excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) in women with normal weight; however, effective interventions to reduce GWG in ethnically diverse women with obesity are lacking. Objective: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test whether a behavioral lifestyle intervention with partial meal replacement reduces GWG rate in Hispanic and non-Hispanic women with overweight or obesity relative to enhanced usual care...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Maheswari Ekambaram, Matilde Irigoyen, Johelin DeFreitas, Sharina Rajbhandari, Jessica Lynn Geaney, Leonard Edward Braitman
BACKGROUND: In adolescents, there is limited evidence on the independent and additive effect of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain on infant birth weight. Data also show that this effect may vary by race. We sought to examine the impact of maternal prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain on birth weight and risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in term newborns of minority adolescent mothers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 411 singleton live term infants born to mothers ≤ 18 years...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Beth D Darnall, Maisa S Ziadni, Anuradha Roy, Ming-Chih Kao, John A Sturgeon, Karon F Cook, Kate Lorig, John W Burns, Sean C Mackey
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) reported that chronic pain affects about 100 million U.S. adults, with chronic low back pain (CLBP) cited as the most prevalent type. Pain catastrophizing is a psychological construct shown to predict the development and trajectory of chronic pain and patient response to pain treatments. While effective treatment for pain catastrophizing typically includes eight-session groups of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a single-session targeted treatment class yielded promising results which, if replicated and extended, could prove to efficiently and cost-effectively reduce pain catastrophizing...
March 6, 2018: Trials
Jiho Lee, Eunhye Kim, Yongho Shin, Junghak Lee, Jonghwa Lee, Joon-Kwan Moon, Hoon Choi, Wolfgang Maasfeld, Jeong-Han Kim
This study examined dermal and inhalation exposure of agricultural operators to kresoxim-methyl during pesticide mixing/loading and speed sprayer application (10 replicates, each of 3000 L of spray suspension) in an apple orchard and performed risk assessment. For the whole body dosimetry (WBD) exposure protocol, outer clothing, inner clothing, gauze, and nitrile gloves were examined to measure dermal exposure. In contrast, an IOM (institute of occupational medicine) sampler with a glass fiber filter was used to measure inhalation exposure...
March 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Michael P Gaspar, Julie E Adams, Ralph C Zohn, Sidney M Jacoby, Randall W Culp, A Lee Osterman, Patrick M Kane
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to report our long-term outcomes following reconstruction of the forearm interosseous membrane (IOM) with bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) graft for treatment of chronic Essex-Lopresti injuries. METHODS: We identified 33 patients who underwent IOM reconstruction with BPTB graft for chronic Essex-Lopresti injuries over a 20-year treatment interval. Twenty male and 13 female patients, with a mean age of 42.1 years (range, 19 to 73 years) and a minimum follow-up interval of 5 years, were included...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
J Giese-Davis, J Sisler, L Zhong, Y Brandelli, J L McCormick, C Railton, L Shirt, H Lau, D Hao, J Chobanuk, B Walley, A A Joy, A Taylor, L Carlson
Background: No standardized measures specifically assess cancer survivors' and healthcare providers' experience of Survivor Care Plans (scps). We sought to develop two care plan evaluation (cpe) measures, one for survivors (cpe-s) and one for healthcare providers (cpe-p), examine initial psychometric qualities in Alberta, and assess generalizability in Manitoba, Canada. Methods: We developed the initial measures using convenience samples of breast ( n = 35) and head and neck ( n = 18) survivors who received scps at the end of active cancer-centre treatment...
February 2018: Current Oncology
A J Spencer, L G Do, U Mueller, J Baines, M Foley, M A Peres
Policy on fluoride intake involves balancing caries against dental fluorosis in populations. The origin of this balance lies with Dean's research on fluoride concentration in water supplies, caries, and fluorosis. Dean identified cut points in the Index of Dental Fluorosis of 0.4 and 0.6 as critical. These equate to 1.3 and 1.6 mg fluoride (F)/L. However, 1.0 mg F/L, initially called a permissible level, was adopted for fluoridation programs. McClure, in 1943, derived an "optimum" fluoride intake based on this permissible concentration...
March 2018: Advances in Dental Research
S Kommoss, M K McConechy, F Kommoss, S Leung, A Bunz, J Magrill, H Britton, F Kommoss, F Grevenkamp, A Karnezis, W Yang, A Lum, B Krämer, F Taran, A Staebler, S Lax, S Y Brucker, D G Huntsman, C B Gilks, J N McAlpine, A Talhouk
Introduction: Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas, we previously developed and confirmed a pragmatic molecular classifier for endometrial cancers; ProMisE (Proactive Molecular Risk Classifier for Endometrial Cancer). ProMisE identifies four prognostically distinct molecular subtypes, and can be applied to diagnostic specimens (biopsy/curettings), enabling earlier informed decision-making. We have strictly adhered to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for the development of genomic biomarkers, and herein present the final validation step of a locked-down classifier prior to clinical application...
February 7, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Hye-Yoon Lee, Jung-Eun Kim, Mikyung Kim, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, O-Jin Kwon, Jung-Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Hwa-byung (HB) is an anger syndrome caused by an inadequate release of accumulated anger that leads to somatic and psychiatric symptoms. As HB results from long-term inadequately treated negative emotions, its symptoms are complex, intractable and concomitant with other psychiatric disorders. Therefore, studies aiming to develop effective and safe treatment options for HB are needed. We plan to conduct a pilot study for a future, full-scale, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an optimal acupuncture procedure using semi-individualized acupuncture points that consider participants' personal disposition and type of emotional stress...
February 9, 2018: Trials
Sandra D Lane, Robert H Keefe, Robert A Rubinstein, Meghan Hall, Kathleen A Kelly, Lynn Beth Satterly, Andrea Shaw, Julian Fisher
Five colleges and universities in Upstate New York, United States, created the 'Route-90 Collaborative' to support faculty implementing the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) Framework for Educating Health Professionals to Address the Social Determinants of Health. The two courses described herein used a flipped classroom approach in which students from 14 different nations were responsible for facilitating individual classes. This descriptive study used an educational intervention in two interprofessional courses - reproductive health and global health - based on the IOM Framework into two courses...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Ilyas M Eli, Nicholas T Gamboa, Jian Guan, Philipp Taussky
BACKGROUND: The use of intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IOM) has become commonplace in many neurosurgical procedures as a tool to reduce the risk of complications through the early identification of reversible neurologic compromise. Although complications related to IOM itself are exceedingly rare, recognizing their clinical presentation in the postoperative neurosurgical patient is essential for the early identification and implementation of appropriate treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present a case report of a patient who developed postoperative acute compartment syndrome in the right arm after placement of neuromonitoring needles for routine IOM during endovascular treatment of a left internal carotid artery aneurysm...
February 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Fei Ge, Yao Xiao, Yixuan Yang, Wei Wang, Birget Moe, Xing-Fang Li
We report that green algae in lakes and rivers can serve as precursors of halobenzoquinone (HBQ) disinfection byproducts (DBPs) produced during chlorination. Chlorination of a common green alga, Chlorella vulgaris, produced 2,6-dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone (2,6-DCBQ), the most prevalent HBQ DBP in disinfected water. Under varying pH conditions (pH6.0-9.0), 2,6-DCBQ formation ranged from 0.3 to 2.1μg/mg C with maximum formation at pH8.0. To evaluate the contribution of organic components of C. vulgaris to 2,6-DCBQ formation, we separated the organics into two fractions, the protein-rich fraction of intracellular organic matter (IOM) and the polysaccharide-laden fraction of extracellular organic matter (EOM)...
January 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Kyoko Nomura, Hiroko Kodama, Michiko Kido
According to the recent 2015 Nutrition Survey, the prevalence of being underweight (Body Mass Index, BMI <18.5 kg/m2) among women in their 20s is 22.3%. Women of childbearing age tend to have a lower intake of protein and their total energy intake is lower than the requirements established by the 2015 Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese. There is a growing body of evidence showing that underweight women tend to bear small babies and that these babies have an increased risk of diabetes or cancer in their adulthood...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Huann-Cheng Horng, Ben-Shian Huang, Yen-Feng Lu, Wen-Hsun Chang, Jyh-Shin Chiou, Po-Lun Chang, Wen-Ling Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
Pregnancy weight gain may be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The article aims to explore the relationship between weight change and pregnancy outcome in the Taiwanese pregnant women.The retrospective cohort study enrolled women with vertex singleton pregnancy at University-associated Hospital between 2011 and 2014. Pregnancy weight change was separated into 3 groups, based on the Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines: below (n = 221); within (n = 544); and above (n = 382). Analysis of variance, χ tests, generalized linear models, and logistic regression models were used for statistical comparisons...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sean M Hays, Devika Poddalgoda, Kristin Macey, Lesa Aylward, Andy Nong
Iodine is an essential nutrient whose deficiency or excess exposure can cause adverse health effects. The primary sources of iodine exposure in the general population are iodized salt, dairy products, bread and sea food. Urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) have been measured by Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) and US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The Institute of Medicine (IOM), the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) and World Health Organization (WHO) have established exposure guidance values for nutrition (IOM Estimated Average Requirement (EAR), Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), WHO Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI)) and toxicity (IOM Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL); ATSDR Minimal Risk Level (MRL), WHO International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI))...
January 19, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Maria Suzanne Sabundayo, Hirohiko Kakizaki, Yasuhiro Takahashi
PURPOSE: To measure the thickness of the inferior oblique muscle (IOM) among Japanese by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a new technique. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 78 patients (36 males and 42 females) who underwent MRI for detection of a unilateral orbital lesion or examining causes of unilateral retrobulbar pain. The thickness of the IOM was measured on the side without the orbital lesion or symptom. On the quasi-sagittal plane through the optic nerve, the major and minor axes of the cross-section of the IOM were measured...
January 19, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Sang-Ku Park, Byung-Euk Joo, Seunghoon Lee, Jeong-A Lee, Jeong-Ho Hwang, Doo-Sik Kong, Dae-Won Seo, Kwan Park, Hoon-Taek Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define the critical warning sign of real-time brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) for predicting hearing loss (HL) after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). METHODS: Nine hundred and thirty-two patients with HFS who underwent MVD with intraoperative monitoring (IOM) of BAEP were analyzed. We used a 43.9 Hz/s stimulation rate and 400 averaging trials to obtain BAEP. To evaluate HL, pure-tone audiometry and speech discrimination scoring were performed before and one week after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Jake X Checketts, Courtney Cook, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: A long-standing relationship between orthopaedic surgeons and industry has made financial conflicts of interest a concerning issue. Research supports that financial conflicts of interest can influence both medical research and clinical practice. Financial conflicts of interest may also influence clinical practice guideline recommendations and their corresponding appropriate use criteria. Because of the influential nature of these guidelines, it is imperative that care be taken to minimize bias during guideline development...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"