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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812222/ethics-and-phishing-experiments
#1
David B Resnik, Peter R Finn
Phishing is a fraudulent form of email that solicits personal or financial information from the recipient, such as a password, username, or social security or bank account number. The scammer may use the illicitly obtained information to steal the victim's money or identity or sell the information to another party. The direct costs of phishing on consumers are exceptionally high and have risen substantially over the past 12 years. Phishing experiments that simulate real world conditions can provide cybersecurity experts with valuable knowledge they can use to develop effective countermeasures and prevent people from being duped by phishing emails...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811044/learning-how-to-teach-one-a-needs-assessment-of-the-state-of-faculty-development-within-the-consortium-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-accredited-education-institutes
#2
John T Paige, Nehal N Khamis, Jeffrey B Cooper
BACKGROUND: Developing faculty competencies in curriculum development, teaching, and assessment using simulation is critical for the success of the Consortium of the American College of Surgeons Accredited Education Institutes program. The state of and needs for faculty development in the Accredited Education Institute community are unknown currently. The Faculty Development Committee of the Consortium of the Accredited Education Institutes conducted a survey of Accredited Education Institutes to ascertain what types of practices are used currently, with what frequency, and what needs are perceived for further programs and courses to guide the plan of action for the Faculty Development Committee...
August 12, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807499/making-the-hard-decisions-ethical-care-decisions-in-wartime-nursing-practice
#3
Janice Agazio, Petra Goodman
BACKGROUND: Codes of ethics set forth standards of ethical conduct for nurses. However, nurses involved in wartime operations, or disasters, may often have their moral compass challenged by the patient care decisions necessary under adverse conditions. Reverse triage, resource allocation, and promotion of patient autonomy present multiple challenges to meeting commonly applied ethical principles. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use the International Council of Nursing code of ethics as a framework to organize the ethical issues emerging from wartime nursing...
June 30, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804519/dealing-with-the-death-of-a-long-term-patient-what-is-the-impact-and-how-do-podiatrists-cope
#4
Kristy Robson, Cylie M Williams
BACKGROUND: It is common for podiatrists and patients to develop long term professional relationships. Patient's decline in health or death may impact a practitioner's mental wellbeing. This research aimed to understand the impact of long term patient death on podiatrists and identify coping strategies. METHOD: Australian podiatrists were eligible to participate if they had been practicing longer than 5 years and experienced the death of a long term patient in the previous 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803615/spanish-cultural-adaptation-of-the-questionnaire-early-arthritis-for-psoriatic-patients
#5
J García-Gavín, L Pérez-Pérez, I Tinazzi, D Vidal, D McGonagle
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The Early Arthritis for Psoriatic patients (EARP) questionnaire is a screening tool for psoriatic arthritis with good measuring properties in its original Italian version but has not been culturally adapted to Spanish. This article presents the adaptation for Spanish population, prior to validation step. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Application of the methodology recommended by the International Society Pharmacoeconomic and Outcome Research for cultural adaptations of measures focused on the patient and comprising the steps of: preparation, translation, reconciliation, back translation and review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing and review, proofreading...
August 10, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797933/simulation-debriefing-based-on-principles-of-transfer-of-learning-a-pilot-study
#6
Sandra Johnston, Fiona Coyer, Robyn Nash
Upon completion of undergraduate nursing courses, new graduates are expected to transition seamlessly into practice. Education providers face challenges in the preparation of undergraduate nurses due to increasing student numbers and decreasing availability of clinical placement sites. High fidelity patient simulation is an integral component of nursing curricula as an adjunct to preparation for clinical placement. Debriefing after simulation is an area where the underlying structure of problems can consciously be explored...
August 3, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792263/implementing-and-evaluating-a-community-based-inter-institutional-interprofessional-education-pilot-programme
#7
Chante Stubbs, Mavis N Schorn, Jacinta P Leavell, Elena Wong Espiritu, Gerald Davis, Chad K Gentry, Elisa Friedman, Traci Patton, Ali Graham, Ron Crowder, Consuelo H Wilkins
Many health professions programmes have begun integrating interprofessional learning into their curricula; however, community-based interprofessional education (IPE) initiatives are relatively scarce. The Meharry-Vanderbilt Alliance IPE Faculty Collaborative, comprised of faculty from five institutions, developed a community-based IPE programme that allowed students to engage in meaningful interprofessional activities while exposing them to social determinants of health. Thirty students from ten professions were divided into six teams and paired with three community organisations...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790875/diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-creation-of-an-electronic-version-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-by-conversion-from-a-pen-and-paper-version-and-evaluation-of-their-equivalence
#8
Leticia Delgado-Herrera, Benjamin Banderas, Oluwafunke Ojo, Ritesh Kothari, Bernhardt Zeiher
BACKGROUND: Subjects with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) experience abdominal cramping, bloating, pressure, and pain. Due to an absence of clinical biomarkers for IBS-D severity, evaluation of clinical therapy benefits depends on valid and reliable symptom assessments. A patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument has been developed, comprising of two questionnaires - the IBS-D Daily Symptom Diary and IBS-D Symptom Event Log - suitable for clinical trials and real-world settings...
2017: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789738/improving-collaboration-among-social-work-and-nursing-students-through-interprofessional-simulation
#9
Mary Beth Kuehn, Susan Huehn, Susan Smalling
This project implemented first-time simulation with nursing and social work students. Students participated in a contextual learning experience through a patient simulation of interprofessional practice as a health care team member and reflection through debriefing and open response comments. Simulation offers a means to practice interprofessional collaboration prior to entering practice. Participants reported an increased understanding of the scope of practice of other team members through their reflections following simulation...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776784/the-international-phase-4-validation-study-of-the-eortc-qlq-swb32-a-stand-alone-measure-of-spiritual-well-being-for%C3%A2-people-receiving-palliative-care-for-cancer
#10
B Vivat, T E Young, J Winstanley, J I Arraras, K Black, F Boyle, A Bredart, A Costantini, J Guo, M E Irarrazaval, K Kobayashi, R Kruizinga, M Navarro, S Omidvari, G E Rohde, S Serpentini, N Spry, H W M Van Laarhoven, G M Yang
The EORTC Quality of Life Group has just completed the final phase (field-testing and validation) of an international project to develop a stand-alone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for palliative cancer patients. Participants (n = 451)-from 14 countries on four continents; 54% female; 188 Christian; 50 Muslim; 156 with no religion-completed a provisional 36-item measure of SWB plus the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL (PAL), then took part in a structured debriefing interview. All items showed good score distribution across response categories...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767769/the-quebec-sleep-questionnaire-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-translation-into-portuguese-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#11
José Tavares de Melo, Rosemeri Maurici, Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Marcia Margareth Menezes Pizzichini, Emilio Pizzichini
Objective: To translate the Quebec Sleep Questionnaire (QSQ), a specific instrument for the assessment of quality of life in patients with sleep obstructive apnea, into Portuguese and to create a version that is cross-culturally adapted for use in Brazil. Methods: The Portuguese-language version was developed according to a rigorous methodology, which included the following steps: preparation; translation from English into Portuguese in three versions; reconciliation to a single version; back-translation of that version into English; comparison and harmonization of the back-translation with the original version; review of the Portuguese-language version; cognitive debriefing; text review; and arrival at the final version...
July 31, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760215/interventions-supporting-long-term-adherence-and-decreasing-cardiovascular-events-island-pragmatic-randomized-trial-protocol
#12
Noah Ivers, J-D Schwalm, Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Monica Taljaard, Tara McCready, Beth Bosiak, Jennifer Cunningham, Shelley Smarz, Laura Desveaux, Jack V Tu, Clare Atzema, Garth Oakes, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Sherry L Grace, R Sacha Bhatia, Madhu Natarajan, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend cardiac rehabilitation and long-term use of cardiac medications for most patients who have had a myocardial infarction (MI), but adherence to these secondary prevention treatments is suboptimal. METHODS: This is a multicenter, pragmatic, 3-arm randomized trial. Eligible patients (n = 2,742) with obstructive coronary artery disease are randomized post-MI to usual care or 1 of 2 intervention arms. Patients in the first intervention arm receive mail-outs sent on behalf of their cardiologist at 4, 8, 20, 32, and 44 weeks post-MI; content is designed to address determinants of adherence and facilitate discussion between the patient and their health care team...
August 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756943/evaluation-of-stress-response-using-psychological-biological-and-electrophysiological-markers-during-immersive-simulation-of-life-threatening-events-in-multidisciplinary-teams
#13
D A Ghazali, I Darmian-Rafei, J Nadolny, P Sosner, S Ragot, D Oriot
Stress might impair clinical performance in real life and in simulation-based education (SBE). Subjective or objective measures can be used to assess stress during SBE. This monocentric study aimed to evaluate the effects of simulation of life-threatening events on measurements of various stress parameters (psychological, biological, and electrophysiological parameters) in multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) during SBE. The effect of gender and status of participants on stress response was also investigated. Twelve emergency MDTs of 4 individuals were recruited for an immersive simulation session...
July 27, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748639/how-nurses-cope-with-patient-death-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#14
REVIEW
Ruishuang Zheng, Susan Fiona Lee, Melissa Jane Bloomer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To review literature on nurses' coping strategies with patient death. BACKGROUND: dealing with the loss of a patient was viewed as one of the most demanding and challenging encounters in clinical practice. Those nurses who are not competent in coping with patient death may be inadequate in supporting dying patients and their family members, and minimize the quality of end-of-life care. To get a broader understanding of how nurses cope with patient death and to develop meaningful and effective interventions, a systematic review which would help underpin the multidimensional approaches is needed...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745256/-video-recording-and-data-collection-in-the-operating-room-the-way-to-a-just-culture-in-the-or
#15
M P Schijven, D A Legemate, J Legemaate
The Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, has started a trial to evaluate the usefulness to team debriefings of performance reports generated by a medical data recorder (MDR) in the operating room (OR). Outcome performance reports in structured debriefings in a secure, non-punitive environment are likely to heighten the level of situational awareness of OR teams. This may prevent future error. In addition, the use of video and - even more likely - use of an MDR may contribute to establishing a 'just culture' in the OR...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738687/critical-incident-stress-debriefing-after-adverse-patient-safety-events
#16
Reema Harrison, Albert Wu
Adverse events (AEs) are common, estimated to occur in around 10% internationally. Although preventable harm can be minimized, when AEs occur it is important that they be managed appropriately. AEs can be traumatic not only for patients, their friends, and relatives, but also for the involved clinicians, who have been referred to as "second victims" in a growing body of international research. Despite the frequency with which AEs occur, organizational mechanisms for supporting staff in these circumstances are not routinely embedded in healthcare settings...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733152/midwifery-student-reactions-to-workplace-violence
#17
Jesse Shapiro, Malcolm J Boyle, Lisa McKenna
PROBLEM: Workplace violence, incidents against people in their workplaces, is a growing problem in Australia causing untold personal suffering as well as costing Australian businesses in productivity. Midwives have been highlighted as a group particularly at risk, yet in Australia there is little research into workplace violence against midwives and even less into midwifery students. AIM: This study aimed to explore Australian midwifery students' responses to workplace violence as well as to gauge the impact of workplace violence on them...
July 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725643/crisis-team-management-in-a-scarce-resource-setting-angkor-hospital-for-children-in-siem-reap-cambodia
#18
Richard Alynn Henker, Hiroko Henker, Hor Eng, John O'Donnell, Tachawan Jirativanont
INTRODUCTION: A crisis team management (CTM) simulation course was developed by volunteers from Health Volunteers Overseas for physicians and nurses at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC) in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The framework for the course was adapted from crisis resource management (1, 2), crisis team training (3), and TeamSTEPPs© models (4). The CTM course focused on teaching physicians and nurses on the development of team performance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Challenges to providing this course at AHC included availability of simulation equipment, cultural differences in learning, and language barriers...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#19
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715387/a-modified-trier-social-stress-test-for-vulnerable-mexican-american-adolescents
#20
Megan M Johnson, Julianna Deardorff, Kimberly Parra, Abbey Alkon, Brenda Eskenazi, Elizabeth Shirtcliff
The Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) is a well validated and widely used social stressor that has been shown to induce a 2-4 fold increase in cortisol, the biological output produced by the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis in humans. While studies have explored how modifications to the TSST influence stress responsivity, few studies have created a modified TSST appropriate for vulnerable youth that elicits a significant cortisol stress response. Thus, the current study sought to modify or adjust the TSST in a culturally sensitive way for a vulnerable sample of 14 year-old adolescents...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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