Read by QxMD icon Read


Supriya G Mohile, Allison Magnuson, Chintan Pandya, Carla Velarde, Paul Duberstein, Arti Hurria, Kah Poh Loh, Megan Wells, Sandy Plumb, Nikesha Gilmore, Marie Flannery, Marsha Wittink, Ronald Epstein, Charles E Heckler, Michelle Janelsins, Karen Mustian, Judith O Hopkins, Jane Liu, Srihari Peri, William Dale
Background: This study's objectives were to describe community oncologists' beliefs about and confidence with geriatric care and to determine whether geriatric-relevant information influences cancer treatment decisions. Methods: Community oncologists were recruited to participate in 2 multisite geriatric oncology trials. Participants shared their beliefs about and confidence in caring for older adults. They were also asked to make a first-line chemotherapy recommendation (combination vs single-agent vs no chemotherapy) for a hypothetical vignette of an older patient with advanced pancreatic cancer...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Matthew C Bunte, David J Cohen, Michael R Jaff, William A Gray, Elizabeth A Magnuson, Haiyan Li, Andrew Feiring, Marco Cioppi, Robert Hibbard, Bruce Gray, Yazan Khatib, David Jessup, Roberto Patarca, Jing Du, Hans-Peter Stoll, Joe Massaro, David M Safley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and health status outcomes of patients undergoing superficial femoral artery (SFA) revascularization using the Shape Memory Alloy Recoverable Technology (S.M.A.R.T.®) nitinol self-expanding stent through 3 years of follow-up. BACKGROUND: Limited long-term data are available describing the durability of benefits after femoropopliteal revascularization. METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective, core-lab adjudicated study, 250 subjects with de novo or restenotic femoropopliteal arterial lesions were treated with the S...
March 9, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Kah Poh Loh, Jason Zittel, Sindhuja Kadambi, Chintan Pandya, Huiwen Xu, Marie Flannery, Allison Magnuson, Javier Bautista, Colin McHugh, Karen Mustian, William Dale, Paul Duberstein, Supriya G Mohile
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbance is prevalent and often coexists with depression, fatigue, and pain in the cancer population. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of sleep disturbance with co-existing depression, fatigue, and pain in older patients with cancer. We also examined the associations of several socio-demographic and clinical variables with sleep disturbance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 389 older patients with solid and hematologic malignancies who were referred to the Specialized Oncology Care & Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinics at the Universities of Rochester and Chicago between May 2011 and October 2015 and completed a sleep and geriatric assessment (that inquires about fatigue, pain, and depression)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Aaron M Magnuson, Josephine K Fouts, Daniel P Regan, Andrea D Booth, Steve W Dow, Michelle T Foster
Obesity-related adverse health consequences occur predominately in individuals with upper body fat distribution commonly associated with increased central adiposity. Visceral adipose tissue accumulation is described to be the greatest driver of obesity-induced inflammation, however evidence also supports that the intestines fundamentally contribute to the development of obesity-induced metabolic disease. The visceral adipose depot shares the same vasculature and lymph drainage as the small intestine. We hypothesize that the visceral lymph node, which drains adipose tissue and the gastrointestinal tract, is central to the exacerbation of systemic pro-inflammation...
March 1, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Anna Björkenheim, Axel Brandes, Anders Magnuson, Alexander Chemnitz, Nils Edvardsson, Dritan Poçi
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation improves patient-reported outcomes, irrespective of mode of intermittent rhythm monitoring. We evaluated the use of an AF-specific and a generic patient-reported outcomes instrument during continuous rhythm monitoring 2 years after AF ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-four patients completed the generic 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey and the AF-specific AF6 questionnaires before and 6, 12, and 24 months after AF ablation...
February 24, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Sara Cajander, Gunlög Rasmussen, Elisabet Tina, Anders Magnuson, Bo Söderquist, Jan Källman, Kristoffer Strålin
OBJECTIVE: In the pathogenesis of sepsis, activation of both pro- and anti-inflammatory responses are key components, but knowledge is lacking on the association between bacterial etiology and development of dysregulated responses with sustained immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the immunosupression marker HLA-DR on monocytes (mHLA-DR) is associated with bacterial etiology and markers of inflammation during the clinical trajectory of bloodstream infection (BSI)...
2018: PloS One
Anastasia V Keller, Kathlene M Rees, Erik J Seibt, B Danni Wood, Abigail D Wade, Johnny Morehouse, Alice Shum-Siu, David S K Magnuson
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental Study. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the specific hindlimb electromyographic (EMG) patterns in response to muscle stretch and to measure the applied forces during stretching in the rat model of moderate SCI. SETTING: Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Louisville, KY, USA. METHODS: Female Sprague Dawley rats (n = 4) were instrumented for telemetry-based EMG recording (right rectus femoris and biceps femoris) and received a moderate T10 spinal cord injury (SCI)...
February 19, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sara E Parli, Carolyn Pfeifer, Douglas R Oyler, Barbara Magnuson, Levi D Procter
Enterocutaneous fistulae (ECF) and enteroatmospheric fistulae (EAF) are difficult complications that primarily arise after abdominal surgical procedures. Development of an ECF or EAF carries significant mortality and morbidity. Effective management of patients with these disease states requires a multidisciplinary approach, which includes surgical, pharmacotherapeutic, and nutritional interventions. This review focuses on the medical and nutritional management of ECF/EAF, providing background on drug agents and nutritional strategies that may be helpful in reducing effluent volume, optimizing fistula healing, and maintaining nutritional health...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
John S Runge, Jesse R Raab, Terry Magnuson
Chromatin remodeling and histone modifying enzymes play a critical role in shaping the regulatory output of a cell. Although much is known about these classes of proteins, identifying the mechanisms by which they coordinate gene expression programs remains an exciting topic of investigation. One factor that may contribute to the targeting and activity of chromatin regulators is local chromatin landscape. We leveraged genomic approaches and publically-available datasets to characterize the chromatin landscape at targets of the human INO80 chromatin remodeling complex (INO80-C)...
February 5, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Heather K Schofield, Jörg Zeller, Carlos Espinoza, Christopher J Halbrook, Annachiara Del Vecchio, Brian Magnuson, Tania Fabo, Ayse Ece Cali Daylan, Ilya Kovalenko, Ho-Joon Lee, Wei Yan, Ying Feng, Saadia A Karim, Daniel M Kremer, Chandan Kumar-Sinha, Costas A Lyssiotis, Mats Ljungman, Jennifer P Morton, Stefanie Galbán, Eric R Fearon, Marina Pasca di Magliano
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by nearly universal activating mutations in KRAS. Among other somatic mutations, TP53 is mutated in more than 75% of human pancreatic tumors. Genetically engineered mice have proven instrumental in studies of the contribution of individual genes to carcinogenesis. Oncogenic Kras mutations occur early during pancreatic carcinogenesis and are considered an initiating event. In contrast, mutations in p53 occur later during tumor progression. In our model, we recapitulated the order of mutations of the human disease, with p53 mutation following expression of oncogenic Kras...
January 25, 2018: JCI Insight
Nicole Landi, Jeffrey G Malins, Stephen J Frost, James Magnuson, Peter Molfese, Kayleigh Ryherd, Jay G Rueckl, William E Mencl, Kenneth R Pugh
Word learning depends not only on efficient online binding of phonological, orthographic and lexical information, but also on consolidation of new word representations into permanent lexical memory. Work on word learning under a variety of contexts indicates that reading and language skill impact facility of word learning in both print and speech. In addition, recent research finds that individuals with language impairments show deficits in both initial word form learning and in maintaining newly learned representations over time, implicating mechanisms associated with maintenance that may be driven by deficits in overnight consolidation...
January 20, 2018: Neuropsychologia
Rebecca B Phillips, Ryan R James, Matthew L Magnuson
Intentional and unintentional contamination incidents, such as terrorist attacks, natural disasters, and accidental spills, can result in large volumes of contaminated water. These waters may require pre-treatment before disposal and assurances that treated waters will not adversely impact biological processes at wastewater treatment facilities, or receiving waters. Based on recommendations of an industrial workgroup, this study addresses such concerns by studying electrochemical advanced oxidation process (EAOP) pre-treatment for contaminated waters, using a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode, prior to discharge to wastewater treatment facilities...
January 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Inge Kjærbølling, Tammi C Vesth, Jens C Frisvad, Jane L Nybo, Sebastian Theobald, Alan Kuo, Paul Bowyer, Yudai Matsuda, Stephen Mondo, Ellen K Lyhne, Martin E Kogle, Alicia Clum, Anna Lipzen, Asaf Salamov, Chew Yee Ngan, Chris Daum, Jennifer Chiniquy, Kerrie Barry, Kurt LaButti, Sajeet Haridas, Blake A Simmons, Jon K Magnuson, Uffe H Mortensen, Thomas O Larsen, Igor V Grigoriev, Scott E Baker, Mikael R Andersen
The fungal genus of Aspergillus is highly interesting, containing everything from industrial cell factories, model organisms, and human pathogens. In particular, this group has a prolific production of bioactive secondary metabolites (SMs). In this work, four diverse Aspergillus species (A. campestris, A. novofumigatus, A. ochraceoroseus, and A. steynii) have been whole-genome PacBio sequenced to provide genetic references in three Aspergillus sections. A. taichungensis and A. candidus also were sequenced for SM elucidation...
January 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Elena Martino, Emmanuelle Morin, Gwen-Aëlle Grelet, Alan Kuo, Annegret Kohler, Stefania Daghino, Kerrie W Barry, Nicolas Cichocki, Alicia Clum, Rhyan B Dockter, Matthieu Hainaut, Rita C Kuo, Kurt LaButti, Björn D Lindahl, Erika A Lindquist, Anna Lipzen, Hassine-Radhouane Khouja, Jon Magnuson, Claude Murat, Robin A Ohm, Steven W Singer, Joseph W Spatafora, Mei Wang, Claire Veneault-Fourrey, Bernard Henrissat, Igor V Grigoriev, Francis M Martin, Silvia Perotto
Some soil fungi in the Leotiomycetes form ericoid mycorrhizal (ERM) symbioses with Ericaceae. In the harsh habitats in which they occur, ERM plant survival relies on nutrient mobilization from soil organic matter (SOM) by their fungal partners. The characterization of the fungal genetic machinery underpinning both the symbiotic lifestyle and SOM degradation is needed to understand ERM symbiosis functioning and evolution, and its impact on soil carbon (C) turnover. We sequenced the genomes of the ERM fungi Meliniomyces bicolor, M...
January 7, 2018: New Phytologist
Christos Karefylakis, Paul Pettersson-Pablo, Stefan Särnblad, Eva Rask, Manar Bitar, Anders Magnuson, Clas-Göran Eriksson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Morgann C Reilly, Joonhoon Kim, Jed Lynn, Blake A Simmons, John M Gladden, Jon K Magnuson, Scott E Baker
Plant biomass, once reduced to its composite sugars, can be converted to fuel substitutes. One means of overcoming the recalcitrance of lignocellulose is pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis. However, currently available commercial enzyme cocktails are inhibited in the presence of residual pretreatment chemicals. Recent studies have identified a number of cellulolytic enzymes from bacteria that are tolerant to pretreatment chemicals such as ionic liquids. The challenge now is generation of these enzymes in copious amounts, an arena where fungal organisms such as Aspergillus niger have proven efficient...
January 6, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Anna B Osipovich, Mark A Magnuson
Beta cell replacement strategies hold promise for permanently treating type 1 diabetes. In Cell Stem Cell, Xiao et al. (2018) restore pancreatic beta cell mass and normalize blood glucose in diabetic mice by reprogramming pancreatic alpha to beta cells using Pdx1- and Mafa-expressing adeno-associated virus infused into the pancreatic duct.
January 4, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Saori Amaike Campen, Jed Lynn, Stephanie J Sibert, Sneha Srikrishnan, Pallavi Phatale, Taya Feldman, Joel M Guenther, Jennifer Hiras, Yvette Thuy An Tran, Steven W Singer, Paul D Adams, Kenneth L Sale, Blake A Simmons, Scott E Baker, Jon K Magnuson, John M Gladden
Efficient deconstruction of plant biomass is a major barrier to the development of viable lignocellulosic biofuels. Pretreatment with ionic liquids reduces lignocellulose recalcitrance to enzymatic hydrolysis, increasing yields of sugars for conversion into biofuels. However, commercial cellulases are not compatible with many ionic liquids, necessitating extensive water washing of pretreated biomass prior to hydrolysis. To circumvent this issue, previous research has demonstrated that several thermophilic bacterial cellulases can efficiently deconstruct lignocellulose in the presence of the ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimadizolium acetate...
2017: PloS One
Jesse R Raab, John S Runge, Camarie C Spear, Terry Magnuson
BACKGROUND: SWI/SNF is a large heterogeneous multi-subunit chromatin remodeling complex. It consists of multiple sets of mutually exclusive components. Understanding how loss of one sibling of a mutually exclusive pair affects the occupancy and function of the remaining complex is needed to understand how mutations in a particular subunit might affect tumor formation. Recently, we showed that the members of the ARID family of SWI/SNF subunits (ARID1A, ARID1B and ARID2) had complex transcriptional relationships including both antagonism and cooperativity...
December 22, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
Amanda M Pocratsky, Darlene A Burke, Johnny R Morehouse, Jason E Beare, Amberly S Riegler, Pantelis Tsoulfas, Gregory J R States, Scott R Whittemore, David S K Magnuson
Neural circuitry in the lumbar spinal cord governs two principal features of locomotion, rhythm and pattern, which reflect intra- and interlimb movement. These features are functionally organized into a hierarchy that precisely controls stepping in a stereotypic, speed-dependent fashion. Here, we show that a specific component of the locomotor pattern can be independently manipulated. Silencing spinal L2 interneurons that project to L5 selectively disrupts hindlimb alternation allowing a continuum of walking to hopping to emerge from the otherwise intact network...
December 6, 2017: Nature Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"