Read by QxMD icon Read

Jill cook

Jill Koshiol, Aniela Wozniak, Paz Cook, Christina Adaniel, Johanna Acevedo, Lorena Azócar, Ann W Hsing, Juan C Roa, Marcela F Pasetti, Juan F Miquel, Myron M Levine, Catterina Ferreccio
In Chile, where gallbladder cancer (GBC) rates are high and typhoid fever was endemic until the 1990s, we evaluated the association between Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) antibodies and GBC. We tested 39 GBC cases, 40 gallstone controls, and 39 population-based controls for S. Typhi Vi antibodies and performed culture and quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the subset with bile, gallstone, tissue, and stool samples available. We calculated gender and education-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association with GBC...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Suzi Edwards, Hiram C Brooke, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the differences in the magnitude of movement variability and strategies utilized during an unanticipated cut task between players with and without a history of groin pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIANTS: Male Australian football players with (HISTORY; n = 7) or without (CONTROL; n = 10) a history of groin pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: Three-dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF) and kinematics were recorded during 10 successful trials of an unanticipated cut task, and isokinetic hip adduction and abduction strength...
July 22, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Thomas C Hall, Dilraj K Bilku, Christopher P Neal, Jill Cooke, Helena L Fisk, Philip C Calder, Ashley R Dennison
BACKGROUND: Death from sepsis in the intensive therapy unit (ITU) is frequently preceded by the development of multiple organ failure as a result of uncontrolled inflammation. Treatment with omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs), principally eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been demonstrated to attenuate the effects of uncontrolled inflammation and may be clinically beneficial in reducing mortality from organ dysfunction. Fish oil (FO) is a source of EPA and DHA...
September 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Andrew R Nealon, Alex Kountouris, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the published literature on epidemiology, pathomechanics and risk factors for side strain injury in sport, complemented by clinical perspectives of diagnosis and management strategies that are not covered in the literature. DESIGN: Narrative review METHODS: A review of the literature was completed with all studies on side strain up until October 2015 included. As the studies were unable to be synthesised the findings were placed in a clinical context...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Jonathan A Cook, Jill Reuille, Susan Ashley, Donald D Kautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Susan Mayes, April-Rose Ferris, Peter Smith, Andrew Garnham, Jill Cook
Ballet exposes the hip joint to repetitive loading in extreme ranges of movement and may predispose a dancer to pain and osteoarthritis (OA). The aims of this study were to compare the prevalence of cartilage defects in professional ballet dancers and athletes and to determine the relationship of clinical signs and symptoms. Forty-nine male and female, current and retired professional ballet dancers and 49 age- and sex-matched non-dancing athletes completed hip pain questionnaires, including the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS), and underwent hip range of movement (ROM) testing and 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging to score cartilage defects (no defect, grade 1: focal partial defect and grade 2: diffuse or full thickness defect)...
August 27, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Cylie M Williams, Elizabeth H Skinner, Alicia M James, Jill L Cook, Steven M McPhail, Terry P Haines
Comparative effectiveness research compares two active forms of treatment or usual care in comparison with usual care with an additional intervention element. These types of study are commonly conducted following a placebo or no active treatment trial. Research designs with a placebo or non-active treatment arm can be challenging for the clinician researcher when conducted within the healthcare environment with patients attending for treatment.A framework for conducting comparative effectiveness research is needed, particularly for interventions for which there are no strong regulatory requirements that must be met prior to their introduction into usual care...
2016: Trials
Ebonie Rio, Mathijs van Ark, Sean Docking, G Lorimer Moseley, Dawson Kidgell, Jamie E Gaida, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Johannes Zwerver, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the immediate analgesic effects of 2 resistance programs in in-season athletes with patellar tendinopathy (PT). Resistance training is noninvasive, a principle stimulus for corticospinal and neuromuscular adaptation, and may be analgesic. DESIGN: Within-season randomized clinical trial. Data analysis was conducted blinded to group. SETTING: Subelite volleyball and basketball competitions. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty jumping athletes aged more than 16 years, participating in games/trainings 3 times per week with clinically diagnosed PT...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Scott Archer-Nicholls, Ellison Carter, Rajesh Kumar, Qingyang Xiao, Yang Liu, Joseph Frostad, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Aaron Cohen, Michael Brauer, Jill Baumgartner, Christine Wiedinmyer
Exposure to air pollution is a major risk factor globally and particularly in Asia. A large portion of air pollutants result from residential combustion of solid biomass and coal fuel for cooking and heating. This study presents a regional modeling sensitivity analysis to estimate the impact of residential emissions from cooking and heating activities on the burden of disease at a provincial level in China. Model surface PM2.5 fields are shown to compare well when evaluated against surface air quality measurements...
September 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Tina R Lang, Jill Cook, Ebonie Rio, James E Gaida
Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are highly effective broad-spectrum antibiotics. Clinical data reveal an increased incidence of tendon pain and rupture in those taking FQs, yet little is known about tendon structural changes. This review synthesises published data on tendon structural changes in people who have taken FQs. Eight databases were searched for potentially relevant articles (Medline, CINAHL, Biological Abstracts, AMED, Web of Knowledge, SCOPUS, SportDiscus and EMBASE) using MeSH and free-text searches. Inclusion and exclusion criteria determined which articles were used for this review...
August 1, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Jill A Hamilton, Walid El Kayal, Ashley T Hart, Daniel E Runcie, Adriana Arango-Velez, Janice E K Cooke
Timely responses to environmental cues enable the synchronization of phenological life-history transitions essential for the health and survival of north-temperate and boreal tree species. While photoperiodic cues will remain persistent under climate change, temperature cues may vary, contributing to possible asynchrony in signals influencing developmental and physiological transitions essential to forest health. Understanding the relative contribution of photoperiod and temperature as determinants of the transition from active growth to dormancy is important for informing adaptive forest management decisions that consider future climates...
July 22, 2016: Tree Physiology
Matthew H Secrest, James J Schauer, Ellison M Carter, Alexandra M Lai, Yuqin Wang, Ming Shan, Xudong Yang, Yuanxun Zhang, Jill Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Airborne particulate matter (PM) is a widespread environmental exposure and leading health risk factor. The health effects of PM may be mediated by its oxidative potential; however, the combustion and non-combustion sources and components of PM responsible for its oxidative potential are poorly understood, particularly in low- and middle-income rural settings where coal and biomass burning for cooking and heating contribute to PM exposure. METHODS: We measured 24-h personal exposures to fine particulate matter (PM2...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Ellison Carter, Scott Archer-Nicholls, Kun Ni, Alexandra M Lai, Hongjiang Niu, Matthew H Secrest, Sara M Sauer, James J Schauer, Majid Ezzati, Christine Wiedinmyer, Xudong Yang, Jill Baumgartner
Residential combustion of solid fuel is a major source of air pollution. In regions where space heating and cooking occur at the same time and using the same stoves and fuels, evaluating air-pollution patterns for household-energy-use scenarios with and without heating is essential to energy intervention design and estimation of its population health impacts as well as the development of residential emission inventories and air-quality models. We measured continuous and 48 h integrated indoor PM2.5 concentrations over 221 and 203 household-days and outdoor PM2...
August 2, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Jill Brennan-Cook, Margory A Molloy
The purpose of this article is to describe an innovative method to help home care clinicians better communicate with older adults experiencing normal physiologic changes that impact their ability to communicate effectively. Developmental changes such as hearing, speech, vision, and cognition profoundly impede an older adult's ability to communicate with others, potentially undermining the quality of care delivered. The use of trigger films as an educational intervention can assist home care clinicians to improve communication with their patients...
July 2016: Home Healthcare Now
Kun Ni, Ellison Carter, James J Schauer, Majid Ezzati, Yuanxun Zhang, Hongjiang Niu, Alexandra M Lai, Ming Shan, Yuqin Wang, Xudong Yang, Jill Baumgartner
Cooking and heating with coal and biomass is the main source of household air pollution in China and a leading contributor to disease burden. As part of a baseline assessment for a household energy intervention program, we enrolled 205 adult women cooking with biomass fuels in Sichuan, China and measured their 48-h personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) in winter and summer. We also measured the indoor 48-h PM2.5 concentrations in their homes and conducted outdoor PM2...
September 2016: Environment International
Charlotte Ganderton, Adam Semciw, Jill Cook, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is pathology in the gluteus medius and minimus tendons and trochanteric bursa that causes debilitating tendon pain and dysfunction, particularly in post-menopausal women. Limited evidence in clinical studies suggests hormone changes after menopause may have a negative effect on tendon. This protocol describes a randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and exercise therapy in reducing pain and dysfunction associated with GTPS in post-menopausal women...
2016: BMC Women's Health
Ther W Aung, Grishma Jain, Karthik Sethuraman, Jill Baumgartner, Conor Reynolds, Andrew P Grieshop, Julian D Marshall, Michael Brauer
Efforts to introduce more efficient stoves increasingly leverage carbon-finance to scale up dissemination of interventions. We conducted a randomized intervention study to evaluate a Clean Development Mechanism approved stove replacement impact on fuelwood usage, and climate and health-relevant air pollutants. We randomly assigned 187 households to either receive the intervention or to continue using traditional stoves. Measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and absorbance were conducted in cooking areas, village center and at upwind background site...
July 5, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Suzi Edwards, Julie R Steele, Deirdre E McGhee, Craig R Purdam, Jill L Cook
This study aimed to explore how asymptomatic athletes with a patellar tendon abnormality (PTA), who are at high risk of developing patellar tendinopathy, alter their landing technique and net patellar tendon loads generated in response to fatigue. Seven asymptomatic players with a PTA performed five successful vertical stop-jump trials before and after a fatigue protocol. Fatigue protocol involved participants repeatedly performing sets of 30 submaximal jump exercises on a sledge apparatus followed by 30 s rest until the task failure criteria were reached...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Daniel Sw Ting, Jill Cs Lee, Benny Kg Loo, Katherine Baisa, Wen Hsin Koo, Sandy Cook, Boon Leng Lim
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to describe the planning, development and evaluation of the success of the first nationwide, resident-led, large-group teaching programme for medical students - the Singapore Health Services Student Internship Programme (SIP) Bootcamp. METHODS: This was an initial feasibility study evaluating a half-day teaching boot camp initiated, developed and conducted by the resident educators. A three-month preparation period was required to set up an education subcommittee, liaise with medical student leaders, recruit resident educators, meet all the stakeholders and conduct the boot camp...
May 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Jill I Cameron, Leslie M Chu, Andrea Matte, George Tomlinson, Linda Chan, Claire Thomas, Jan O Friedrich, Sangeeta Mehta, Francois Lamontagne, Melanie Levasseur, Niall D Ferguson, Neill K J Adhikari, Jill C Rudkowski, Hilary Meggison, Yoanna Skrobik, John Flannery, Mark Bayley, Jane Batt, Claudia dos Santos, Susan E Abbey, Adrienne Tan, Vincent Lo, Sunita Mathur, Matteo Parotto, Denise Morris, Linda Flockhart, Eddy Fan, Christie M Lee, M Elizabeth Wilcox, Najib Ayas, Karen Choong, Robert Fowler, Damon C Scales, Tasnim Sinuff, Brian H Cuthbertson, Louise Rose, Priscila Robles, Stacey Burns, Marcelo Cypel, Lianne Singer, Cecilia Chaparro, Chung-Wai Chow, Shaf Keshavjee, Laurent Brochard, Paul Hébert, Arthur S Slutsky, John C Marshall, Deborah Cook, Margaret S Herridge
BACKGROUND: Few resources are available to support caregivers of patients who have survived critical illness; consequently, the caregivers' own health may suffer. We studied caregiver and patient characteristics to determine which characteristics were associated with caregivers' health outcomes during the first year after patient discharge from an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 280 caregivers of patients who had received 7 or more days of mechanical ventilation in an ICU...
May 12, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"