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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107891/elevated-blood-pressure-and-household-solid-fuel-use-in-premenopausal-women-analysis-of-12-demographic-and-health-surveys-dhs-from-10-countries
#1
Raphael E Arku, Majid Ezzati, Jill Baumgartner, Günther Fink, Bin Zhou, Perry Hystad, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Approximately three billion people are exposed to household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel cookstoves. Studies from single settings have linked HAP with elevated blood pressure (BP), but no evidence exists from multi-country analyses. OBJECTIVES: Using nationally representative and internationally comparable data, we examined the association between solid fuel use and BP in 77,605 largely premenopausal women (aged 15-49) from ten resource-poor countries...
November 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093676/bioinspired-technologies-to-connect-musculoskeletal-mechanobiology-to-the-person-for-training-and-rehabilitation
#2
REVIEW
Claudio Pizzolato, David G Lloyd, Rod S Barrett, Jill L Cook, Ming H Zheng, Thor F Besier, David J Saxby
Musculoskeletal tissues respond to optimal mechanical signals (e.g., strains) through anabolic adaptations, while mechanical signals above and below optimal levels cause tissue catabolism. If an individual's physical behavior could be altered to generate optimal mechanical signaling to musculoskeletal tissues, then targeted strengthening and/or repair would be possible. We propose new bioinspired technologies to provide real-time biofeedback of relevant mechanical signals to guide training and rehabilitation...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078351/albendazole-and-antibiotics-synergize-to-deliver-short-course-anti-wolbachia-curative-treatments-in-preclinical-models-of-filariasis
#3
Joseph D Turner, Raman Sharma, Ghaith Al Jayoussi, Hayley E Tyrer, Joanne Gamble, Laura Hayward, Richard S Priestley, Emma A Murphy, Jill Davies, David Waterhouse, Darren A N Cook, Rachel H Clare, Andrew Cassidy, Andrew Steven, Kelly L Johnston, John McCall, Louise Ford, Janet Hemingway, Stephen A Ward, Mark J Taylor
Elimination of filariasis requires a macrofilaricide treatment that can be delivered within a 7-day period. Here we have identified a synergy between the anthelmintic albendazole (ABZ) and drugs depleting the filarial endosymbiont Wolbachia, a proven macrofilaricide target, which reduces treatment from several weeks to 7 days in preclinical models. ABZ had negligible effects on Wolbachia but synergized with minocycline or rifampicin (RIF) to deplete symbionts, block embryogenesis, and stop microfilariae production...
October 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064864/physiotherapist-led-physical-activity-interventions-are-efficacious-at-increasing-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D OʼHalloran, James E Gaida
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) interventions to address noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk are commonly delivered in private practice and outpatient physiotherapy settings. This study reviewed the efficacy of physiotherapist-led physical activity (PLPA) interventions at improving PA levels. DATA SOURCES: Twelve databases were searched using terms related to both physiotherapy and PA. English-language studies of all designs in adults were included. Meta-analyses were conducted separately for interventions measuring the following: (1) participants meeting recommended PA levels; (2) total PA at short- and long-term follow-up; and (3) total PA achieved after short and long PLPA interventions...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053419/enhanced-sanitation-standard-operating-procedures-have-limited-impact-on-listeria-monocytogenes-prevalence-in-retail-delis
#5
Andrea J Etter, Susan R Hammons, Sherry Roof, Courtenay Simmons, Tongyu Wu, Peter W Cook, Alex Katubig, Matthew J Stasiewicz, Emily Wright, Steven Warchocki, Jill Hollingworth, Hilary S Thesmar, Salam A Ibrahim, Martin Wiedmann, Haley F Oliver
In a recent longitudinal surveillance study in 30 U.S. retail delicatessens, 9.7% of environmental surfaces were positive for Listeria monocytogenes, and we found substantial evidence of persistence. In this study, we aimed to reduce the prevalence and persistence of L. monocytogenes in the retail deli environment by developing and implementing practical and feasible intervention strategies (i.e., sanitation standard operating procedures; SSOPs). These SSOPs were standardized across the 30 delis enrolled in this study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049607/dose-response-association-of-cd8-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-and-survival-time-in-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer
#6
Ellen L Goode, Matthew S Block, Kimberly R Kalli, Robert A Vierkant, Wenqian Chen, Zachary C Fogarty, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Aleksandra Toloczko, Alexander Hein, Aliecia L Bouligny, Allan Jensen, Ana Osorio, Andreas D Hartkopf, Andy Ryan, Anita Chudecka-Glaz, Anthony M Magliocco, Arndt Hartmann, Audrey Y Jung, Bo Gao, Brenda Y Hernandez, Brooke L Fridley, Bryan M McCauley, Catherine J Kennedy, Chen Wang, Chloe Karpinskyj, Christiani B de Sousa, Daniel G Tiezzi, David L Wachter, Esther Herpel, Florin Andrei Taran, Francesmary Modugno, Gregg Nelson, Jan Lubinski, Janusz Menkiszak, Jennifer Alsop, Jenny Lester, Jesús García-Donas, Jill Nation, Jillian Hung, José Palacios, Joseph H Rothstein, Joseph L Kelley, Jurandyr M de Andrade, Luis Robles-Díaz, Maria P Intermaggio, Martin Widschwendter, Matthias W Beckmann, Matthias Ruebner, Mercedes Jimenez-Linan, Naveena Singh, Oleg Oszurek, Paul R Harnett, Peter F Rambau, Peter Sinn, Philipp Wagner, Prafull Ghatage, Raghwa Sharma, Robert P Edwards, Roberta B Ness, Sandra Orsulic, Sara Y Brucker, Sharon E Johnatty, Teri A Longacre, Ursula Eilber, Valerie McGuire, Weiva Sieh, Yanina Natanzon, Zheng Li, Alice S Whittemore, Anna deFazio, Annette Staebler, Beth Y Karlan, Blake Gilks, David D Bowtell, Estrid Høgdall, Francisco J Candido Dos Reis, Helen Steed, Ian G Campbell, Jacek Gronwald, Javier Benítez, Jennifer M Koziak, Jenny Chang-Claude, Kirsten B Moysich, Linda E Kelemen, Linda S Cook, Marc T Goodman, María José García, Peter A Fasching, Stefan Kommoss, Suha Deen, Susanne K Kjaer, Usha Menon, James D Brenton, Paul D P Pharoah, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, David G Huntsman, Stacey J Winham, Martin Köbel, Susan J Ramus
Importance: Cytotoxic CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) participate in immune control of epithelial ovarian cancer; however, little is known about prognostic patterns of CD8+ TILs by histotype and in relation to other clinical factors. Objective: To define the prognostic role of CD8+ TILs in epithelial ovarian cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a multicenter observational, prospective survival cohort study of the Ovarian Tumor Tissue Analysis Consortium...
October 12, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034801/gluteus-minimus-and-gluteus-medius-muscle-activity-during-common-rehabilitation-exercises-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women
#7
Charlotte Ganderton, Tania Pizzari, Jill Cook, Adam Semciw
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross-sectional. Background The gluteus medius (GMed) and minimus (GMin) provide dynamic stability of the hip joint and pelvis and are susceptible to atrophy and injury with menopause, ageing and disease. Numerous exercises have been reported in the literature to elicit high levels of GMed activity, however few have differentiated between the portions of the GMed, and none have examined GMin. Objectives To quantify and rank the level of muscle activity of the 2 segments of GMin (anterior and posterior fibers) and 3 segments of GMed (anterior, middle and posterior fibers) during 4 isometric and 3 dynamic exercises in a group of healthy, post-menopausal women...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886596/assessing-exposure-to-household-air-pollution-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis-of-carbon-monoxide-as-a-surrogate-measure-of-particulate-matter
#8
REVIEW
Ellison Carter, Christina Norris, Kathie L Dionisio, Kalpana Balakrishnan, William Checkley, Maggie L Clark, Santu Ghosh, Darby W Jack, Patrick L Kinney, Julian D Marshall, Luke P Naeher, Jennifer L Peel, Sankar Sambandam, James J Schauer, Kirk R Smith, Blair J Wylie, Jill Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution from solid fuel burning is a leading contributor to disease burden globally. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is thought to be responsible for many of these health impacts. A co-pollutant, carbon monoxide (CO) has been widely used as a surrogate measure of PM2.5 in studies of household air pollution. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to evaluate the validity of exposure to CO as a surrogate of exposure to PM2.5 in studies of household air pollution and the consistency of the PM2...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760693/the-effect-of-rigid-taping-with-tension-on-mechanical-displacement-of-the-skin-and-change-in-pain-perception
#9
Shu-Mei Chen, Sing Kai Lo, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of rigid taping that induces mechanical displacement of the skin on pain perception. DESIGN: Single group experiment design with repeated measures. METHODS: Twenty-three active healthy volunteers (12 men and 11 women) participated in the study. All participants received three different taping procedures: no tape, taping with tension, and taping without tension. The order of three taping conditions was randomised...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742615/trunk-side-strain-has-a-high-incidence-in-first-class-cricket-fast-bowlers-in-australia-and-england
#10
Andrew R Nealon, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the past incidence of side strain injury and its associated factors in first-class cricket fast bowlers in Australia and England. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Professional cricket. PARTICIPANTS: Cricket fast bowlers who were professionally contracted full time at first-class level in Australia and England in 2011. All bowlers were male and aged 18 or older. A bowler was defined as a fast bowler if the wicketkeeper would take their stance back from the stumps...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663430/identifying-high-frequency-attendees-in-general-practice
#11
Glenda Anne Cook, Akhtar Ali, Roger Dykins, Robin Hudson, Julie Johnston, Jill Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640196/vitamin-d%C3%A2-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d%C3%A2-content-of-retail-white-fish-and-eggs-in-australia
#12
Eleanor Dunlop, Judy Cunningham, Jill L Sherriff, Robyn M Lucas, Heather Greenfield, Jayashree Arcot, Norbert Strobel, Lucinda J Black
Dietary vitamin D may compensate for inadequate sun exposure; however, there have been few investigations into the vitamin D content of Australian foods. We measured vitamin D₃ and 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ (25(OH)D₃) in four species of white fish (barramundi, basa, hoki and king dory), and chicken eggs (cage and free-range), purchased from five Australian cities. Samples included local, imported and wild-caught fish, and eggs of varying size from producers with a range of hen stocking densities. Raw and cooked samples were analysed using high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597238/context-matters-team-and-organizational-factors-associated-with-reach-of-evidence-based-psychotherapies-for-ptsd-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Nina A Sayer, Craig S Rosen, Nancy C Bernardy, Joan M Cook, Robert J Orazem, Kathleen M Chard, David C Mohr, Shannon M Kehle-Forbes, Afsoon Eftekhari, Jill Crowley, Josef I Ruzek, Brandy N Smith, Paula P Schnurr
Evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD are often underused. The objective of this mixed-method study was to identify organizational and clinic factors that promote high levels of reach of evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD 10 years into their dissemination throughout the Veterans Health Administration. We conducted 96 individual interviews with staff from ten outpatient PTSD teams at nine sites that differed in reach of evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD. Major themes associated with reach included clinic mission, clinic leader and staff engagement, clinic operations, staff perceptions, and the practice environment...
November 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#14
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties. However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
December 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500081/quadriceps-strengthening-with-and-without-blood-flow-restriction-in-the-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#15
Lachlan Giles, Kate E Webster, Jodie McClelland, Jill L Cook
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps strengthening exercises are part of the treatment of patellofemoral pain (PFP), but the heavy resistance exercises may aggravate knee pain. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training may provide a low-load quadriceps strengthening method to treat PFP. METHODS: Seventy-nine participants were randomly allocated to a standardised quadriceps strengthening (standard) or low-load BFR. Both groups performed 8 weeks of leg press and leg extension, the standard group at 70% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) and the BFR group at 30% of 1RM...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454684/half-of-systemic-reactions-to-allergen-immunotherapy-are-delayed-majority-require-treatment-with-epinephrine
#16
Kevin A Cook, Carolyn M Ford, Elizabeth A Leyvas, Jill Waalen, Andrew A White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#17
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401994/particulate-matter-chemical-component-concentrations-and-sources-in-settings-of-household-solid-fuel-use
#18
REVIEW
M H Secrest, J J Schauer, E M Carter, J Baumgartner
Particulate matter (PM) air pollution derives from combustion and non-combustion sources and consists of various chemical species that may differentially impact human health and climate. Previous reviews of PM chemical component concentrations and sources focus on high-income urban settings, which likely differ from the low- and middle-income settings where solid fuel (ie, coal, biomass) is commonly burned for cooking and heating. We aimed to summarize the concentrations of PM chemical components and their contributing sources in settings where solid fuel is burned...
November 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314558/a-patient-and-provider-research-agenda-on-diabetes-and-hypertension-management
#19
Emily B Zimmerman, Sarah K Cook, Amber D Haley, Steven H Woolf, Sarah K Price, Danielle Berman, Thomas DeLeire, Rebecca Etz, Jag Khalsa, Kirsten Knutson, Kathryn Kolasa, Alex Krist, Anton Kuzel, Pearl Lee, Theresa J Nartea, Gretchen Piatt, Hilary Seligman, Joni Strom Williams, Josh Brown, Jennifer Early, Jill Hellman, Julie Karr, Megan Kervin, Isra Malik, Albert Walker, Sheila Goode, Danita Gregory, Sharon Herman, Brenda Kenney, Chimere Miles, Audrey Smith, Travis White
INTRODUCTION: A demonstration project in Richmond, Virginia involved patients and other stakeholders in the creation of a research agenda on dietary and behavioral management of diabetes and hypertension. Given the impact of these diseases on morbidity and mortality, considerable research has been directed at the challenges patients face in chronic disease management. The continuing need to understand disparities and find evidence-based interventions to improve outcomes has been fruitful, but disparities and unmet needs persist...
July 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303006/short-course-high-dose-rifampicin-achieves-wolbachia-depletion-predictive-of-curative-outcomes-in-preclinical-models-of-lymphatic-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis
#20
Ghaith Aljayyoussi, Hayley E Tyrer, Louise Ford, Hanna Sjoberg, Nicolas Pionnier, David Waterhouse, Jill Davies, Joanne Gamble, Haelly Metugene, Darren A N Cook, Andrew Steven, Raman Sharma, Ana F Guimaraes, Rachel H Clare, Andrew Cassidy, Kelly L Johnston, Laura Myhill, Laura Hayward, Samuel Wanji, Joseph D Turner, Mark J Taylor, Stephen A Ward
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and onchocerciasis are priority neglected tropical diseases targeted for elimination. The only safe drug treatment with substantial curative activity against the filarial nematodes responsible for LF (Brugia malayi, Wuchereria bancrofti) or onchocerciasis (Onchocerca volvulus) is doxycycline. The target of doxycycline is the essential endosymbiont, Wolbachia. Four to six weeks doxycycline therapy achieves >90% depletion of Wolbachia in worm tissues leading to blockade of embryogenesis, adult sterility and premature death 18-24 months post-treatment...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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