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Jill cook

Susan Mayes, Peter Smith, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: Professional ballet dancers may have hip bony morphology that predisposes them to cartilage or labral injury. However, the relationship between bony morphology and pathology has not been investigated in ballet. This study investigates associations between bony morphology, chondrolabral defects and hip pain in ballet dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 33 male and female professional ballet dancers, (mean age 27 years (range 19-39)), completed questionnaires with hip pain measured on a visual analogue scale; and underwent 3...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Liam A Toohey, Michael K Drew, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch, Jill L Cook
BACKGROUND: Accounting for subsequent injuries is critical for sports injury epidemiology. The subsequent injury categorisation (SIC-1.0) model was developed to create a framework for accurate categorisation of subsequent injuries but its operationalisation has been challenging. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to update the subsequent injury categorisation (SIC-1.0 to SIC-2.0) model to improve its utility and application to sports injury datasets, and to test its applicability to a sports injury dataset...
March 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
Alexander L Greninger, Pavitra Roychoudhury, Negar Makhsous, Derek Hanson, Jill Chase, Gerhard Krueger, Hong Xie, Meei-Li Huang, Lindsay Saunders, Dharam Ablashi, David M Koelle, Linda Cook, Keith R Jerome
Quantitative PCR is the diagnostic pillar for clinical virology testing, and reference materials are necessary for accurate, comparable quantitation between clinical laboratories. Accurate quantitation of HHV-6A/B is important for detection of viral reactivation and inherited chromosomally integrated HHV-6A/B in immunocompromised patients. Reference materials in clinical virology commonly consist of laboratory-adapted viral strains that may be affected by the culture process. We performed next-generation sequencing to make relative copy number measurements at single nucleotide resolution of eight candidate HHV-6A and seven HHV-6B reference strains and DNA materials from the HHV-6 Foundation and Advanced Biotechnologies...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Virology
Jill L Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael B Hadley, Jill Baumgartner, Rajesh Vedanthan
Nearly 3 billion people are exposed to household air pollution emitted from inefficient cooking and heating stoves, and almost the entire global population is exposed to detectable levels of outdoor air pollution from traffic, industry, and other sources. Over 3 million people die annually of ischemic heart disease or stroke attributed to air pollution, more than from traditional cardiac risk factors such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, or smoking. Clinicians have a role to play in reducing the burden of pollution-attributable cardiovascular disease...
February 13, 2018: Circulation
Miriam S Reuter, Susan Walker, Bhooma Thiruvahindrapuram, Joe Whitney, Iris Cohn, Neal Sondheimer, Ryan K C Yuen, Brett Trost, Tara A Paton, Sergio L Pereira, Jo-Anne Herbrick, Richard F Wintle, Daniele Merico, Jennifer Howe, Jeffrey R MacDonald, Chao Lu, Thomas Nalpathamkalam, Wilson W L Sung, Zhuozhi Wang, Rohan V Patel, Giovanna Pellecchia, John Wei, Lisa J Strug, Sherilyn Bell, Barbara Kellam, Melanie M Mahtani, Anne S Bassett, Yvonne Bombard, Rosanna Weksberg, Cheryl Shuman, Ronald D Cohn, Dimitri J Stavropoulos, Sarah Bowdin, Matthew R Hildebrandt, Wei Wei, Asli Romm, Peter Pasceri, James Ellis, Peter Ray, M Stephen Meyn, Nasim Monfared, S Mohsen Hosseini, Ann M Joseph-George, Fred W Keeley, Ryan A Cook, Marc Fiume, Hin C Lee, Christian R Marshall, Jill Davies, Allison Hazell, Janet A Buchanan, Michael J Szego, Stephen W Scherer
BACKGROUND: The Personal Genome Project Canada is a comprehensive public data resource that integrates whole genome sequencing data and health information. We describe genomic variation identified in the initial recruitment cohort of 56 volunteers. METHODS: Volunteers were screened for eligibility and provided informed consent for open data sharing. Using blood DNA, we performed whole genome sequencing and identified all possible classes of DNA variants. A genetic counsellor explained the implication of the results to each participant...
February 5, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Aaron R Lyon, Kelly Whitaker, Jill Locke, Clayton R Cook, Kevin M King, Mylien Duong, Chayna Davis, Mark D Weist, Mark G Ehrhart, Gregory A Aarons
BACKGROUND: Integrated healthcare delivered by work groups in nontraditional service settings is increasingly common, yet contemporary implementation frameworks typically assume a single organization-or organizational unit-within which system-level processes influence service quality and implementation success. Recent implementation frameworks predict that inter-organizational alignment (i.e., similarity in values, characteristics, activities related to implementation across organizations) may facilitate the implementation of evidence-based practices (EBP), but few studies have evaluated this premise...
February 7, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Ietza Bojorquez, Cecilia Rosales, Alexandra Angulo, Jill de Zapien, Catalina Denman, Hala Madanat
Migration from lower- and middle-income to high-income countries is associated with dietary change, and especially with the adoption of a modern, less healthy diet. In this article we analyze the dietary changes experienced by Mexican migrants, employing as a theoretical framework the concept of social practice. According to this framework, practices integrate material elements, meanings and competences that provide their conditions of possibility. Practices are shared by members of social groups, and interact with other competing or reinforcing practices...
January 31, 2018: Appetite
Ghaith Aljayyoussi, Hayley E Tyrer, Louise Ford, Hanna Sjoberg, Nicolas Pionnier, David Waterhouse, Jill Davies, Joanne Gamble, Haelly Metuge, Darren A N Cook, Andrew Steven, Raman Sharma, Ana F Guimaraes, Rachel H Clare, Andrew Cassidy, Kelly L Johnston, Laura Myhill, Laura Hayward, Samuel Wanji, Joseph D Turner, Mark J Taylor, Stephen A Ward
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Aaron R Lyon, Clayton R Cook, Eric C Brown, Jill Locke, Chayna Davis, Mark Ehrhart, Gregory A Aarons
BACKGROUND: A substantial literature has established the role of the inner organizational setting on the implementation of evidence-based practices in community contexts, but very little of this research has been extended to the education sector, one of the most common settings for the delivery of mental and behavioral health services to children and adolescents. The current study examined the factor structure, psychometric properties, and interrelations of an adapted set of pragmatic organizational instruments measuring key aspects of the organizational implementation context in schools: (1) strategic implementation leadership, (2) strategic implementation climate, and (3) implementation citizenship behavior...
January 8, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Jana J Anderson, Narisa D M Darwis, Daniel F Mackay, Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Naveed Sattar, Jason M R Gill, Jill P Pell
AIM: Red and processed meat may be risk factors for breast cancer due to their iron content, administration of oestrogens to cattle or mutagens created during cooking. We studied the associations in UK Biobank and then included the results in a meta-analysis of published cohort studies. METHODS: UK Biobank, a general population cohort study, recruited participants aged 40-69 years. Incident breast cancer was ascertained via linkage to routine hospital admission, cancer registry and death certificate data...
February 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D O'Halloran, James E Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapists promote physical activity as part of their practice. This study reviewed the behaviour change techniques physiotherapists use when promoting physical activity in experimental and observational studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of experimental and observational studies. METHODS: Twelve databases were searched using terms related to physiotherapy and physical activity. We included experimental studies evaluating the efficacy of physiotherapist-led physical activity interventions delivered to adults in clinic-based private practice and outpatient settings to individuals with, or at risk of, non-communicable diseases...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Jill M Pulley, Rebecca N Jerome, Martin L Ogletree, Gordon R Bernard, Robert R Lavieri, Nicole M Zaleski, Charles C Hong, Jana K Shirey-Rice, Carlos L Arteaga, Ingrid A Mayer, Kenneth J Holroyd, Rebecca S Cook
Metastatic cancers impose significant burdens on patients, affecting quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. Even during remission, microscopic metastases can lurk, but few therapies directly target tumor cell metastasis. Agents that interfere with this process would represent a new paradigm in cancer management, changing the 'waiting game' into a time of active prevention. These therapies could take multiple forms based on the pathways involved in the metastatic process. For example, a phenome-wide association study showed that a single nucleotide polymorphism in the gene TBXA2R is associated with increased metastasis in multiple primary cancers (P = 0...
February 2018: Targeted Oncology
Lauren C Peres, Harvey Risch, Kathryn L Terry, Penelope M Webb, Marc T Goodman, Anna H Wu, Anthony J Alberg, Elisa V Bandera, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa L Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Patricia G Moorman, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul D Terry, Ani Manichaikul, Sarah E Abbott, Fabian Camacho, Susan J Jordan, Christina M Nagle, Mary Anne Rossing, Jennifer A Doherty, Francesmary Modugno, Kirsten Moysich, Roberta Ness, Andrew Berchuck, Linda Cook, Nhu Le, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Weiva Sieh, Alice Whittemore, Valerie McGuire, Joseph Rothstein, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Celeste L Pearce, Chiuchen Tseng, Malcom Pike, Joellen M Schildkraut
Background: Ovarian cancer incidence differs substantially by race/ethnicity, but the reasons for this are not well understood. Data were pooled from the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES) and 11 case-control studies in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC) to examine racial/ethnic differences in epidemiological characteristics with suspected involvement in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) aetiology. Methods: We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate associations for 17 reproductive, hormonal and lifestyle characteristics and EOC risk by race/ethnicity among 10 924 women with invasive EOC (8918 Non-Hispanic Whites, 433 Hispanics, 911 Blacks, 662 Asian/Pacific Islanders) and 16 150 controls (13 619 Non-Hispanic Whites, 533 Hispanics, 1233 Blacks, 765 Asian/Pacific Islanders)...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
Ebonie Rio, Craig Purdam, Michael Girdwood, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an isometric squat exercise using a portable belt, on patellar tendon pain and function, in athletes during their competitive season. DESIGN: Case series with no requirements to change any aspect of games or training. The object of this pragmatic study was to investigate this intervention in addition to "usual management." A control or sham intervention was considered unacceptable to teams. SETTING: In-season...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Raphael E Arku, Majid Ezzati, Jill Baumgartner, Günther Fink, Bin Zhou, Perry Hystad, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Approximately three billion people are exposed to household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel cookstoves. Studies from single settings have linked HAP with elevated blood pressure (BP), but no evidence exists from multi-country analyses. OBJECTIVES: Using nationally representative and internationally comparable data, we examined the association between solid fuel use and BP in 77,605 largely premenopausal women (aged 15-49) from ten resource-poor countries...
January 2018: Environmental Research
Claudio Pizzolato, David G Lloyd, Rod S Barrett, Jill L Cook, Ming H Zheng, Thor F Besier, David J Saxby
Musculoskeletal tissues respond to optimal mechanical signals (e.g., strains) through anabolic adaptations, while mechanical signals above and below optimal levels cause tissue catabolism. If an individual's physical behavior could be altered to generate optimal mechanical signaling to musculoskeletal tissues, then targeted strengthening and/or repair would be possible. We propose new bioinspired technologies to provide real-time biofeedback of relevant mechanical signals to guide training and rehabilitation...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Joseph D Turner, Raman Sharma, Ghaith Al Jayoussi, Hayley E Tyrer, Joanne Gamble, Laura Hayward, Richard S Priestley, Emma A Murphy, Jill Davies, David Waterhouse, Darren A N Cook, Rachel H Clare, Andrew Cassidy, Andrew Steven, Kelly L Johnston, John McCall, Louise Ford, Janet Hemingway, Stephen A Ward, Mark J Taylor
Elimination of filariasis requires a macrofilaricide treatment that can be delivered within a 7-day period. Here we have identified a synergy between the anthelmintic albendazole (ABZ) and drugs depleting the filarial endosymbiont Wolbachia, a proven macrofilaricide target, which reduces treatment from several weeks to 7 days in preclinical models. ABZ had negligible effects on Wolbachia but synergized with minocycline or rifampicin (RIF) to deplete symbionts, block embryogenesis, and stop microfilariae production...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D OʼHalloran, James E Gaida
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) interventions to address noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk are commonly delivered in private practice and outpatient physiotherapy settings. This study reviewed the efficacy of physiotherapist-led physical activity (PLPA) interventions at improving PA levels. DATA SOURCES: Twelve databases were searched using terms related to both physiotherapy and PA. English-language studies of all designs in adults were included. Meta-analyses were conducted separately for interventions measuring the following: (1) participants meeting recommended PA levels; (2) total PA at short- and long-term follow-up; and (3) total PA achieved after short and long PLPA interventions...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Andrea J Etter, Susan R Hammons, Sherry Roof, Courtenay Simmons, Tongyu Wu, Peter W Cook, Alex Katubig, Matthew J Stasiewicz, Emily Wright, Steven Warchocki, Jill Hollingworth, Hilary S Thesmar, Salam A Ibrahim, Martin Wiedmann, Haley F Oliver
In a recent longitudinal surveillance study in 30 U.S. retail delicatessens, 9.7% of environmental surfaces were positive for Listeria monocytogenes, and we found substantial evidence of persistence. In this study, we aimed to reduce the prevalence and persistence of L. monocytogenes in the retail deli environment by developing and implementing practical and feasible intervention strategies (i.e., sanitation standard operating procedures; SSOPs). These SSOPs were standardized across the 30 delis enrolled in this study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
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