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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597238/context-matters-team-and-organizational-factors-associated-with-reach-of-evidence-based-psychotherapies-for-ptsd-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#1
Nina A Sayer, Craig S Rosen, Nancy C Bernardy, Joan M Cook, Robert J Orazem, Kathleen M Chard, David C Mohr, Shannon M Kehle-Forbes, Afsoon Eftekhari, Jill Crowley, Josef I Ruzek, Brandy N Smith, Paula P Schnurr
Evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD are often underused. The objective of this mixed-method study was to identify organizational and clinic factors that promote high levels of reach of evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD 10 years into their dissemination throughout the Veterans Health Administration. We conducted 96 individual interviews with staff from ten outpatient PTSD teams at nine sites that differed in reach of evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD. Major themes associated with reach included clinic mission, clinic leader and staff engagement, clinic operations, staff perceptions, and the practice environment...
June 9, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#2
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties (Br Herne 1995;97:12). However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age (Appl Physiol Nutr Keller 2007;32:991) and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500081/quadriceps-strengthening-with-and-without-blood-flow-restriction-in-the-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#3
Lachlan Giles, Kate E Webster, Jodie McClelland, Jill L Cook
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps strengthening exercises are part of the treatment of patellofemoral pain (PFP), but the heavy resistance exercises may aggravate knee pain. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training may provide a low-load quadriceps strengthening method to treat PFP. METHODS: Seventy-nine participants were randomly allocated to a standardised quadriceps strengthening (standard) or low-load BFR. Both groups performed 8 weeks of leg press and leg extension, the standard group at 70% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) and the BFR group at 30% of 1RM...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454684/half-of-systemic-reactions-to-allergen-immunotherapy-are-delayed-majority-require-treatment-with-epinephrine
#4
Kevin A Cook, Carolyn M Ford, Elizabeth A Leyvas, Jill Waalen, Andrew A White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#5
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401994/particulate-matter-chemical-component-concentrations-and-sources-in-settings-of-household-solid-fuel-use
#6
REVIEW
Matthew H Secrest, James J Schauer, Ellison Carter, Jill Baumgartner
Particulate matter (PM) air pollution derives from combustion and non-combustion sources and consists of various chemical species that may differentially impact human health and climate. Previous reviews of PM chemical component concentrations and sources focus on high-income urban settings, which likely differ from the low- and middle-income settings where solid fuel (i.e., coal, biomass) is commonly burned for cooking and heating. We aimed to summarize the concentrations of PM chemical components and their contributing sources in settings where solid fuel is burned...
April 12, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314558/a-patient-and-provider-research-agenda-on-diabetes-and-hypertension-management
#7
Emily B Zimmerman, Sarah K Cook, Amber D Haley, Steven H Woolf, Sarah K Price, Danielle Berman, Thomas DeLeire, Rebecca Etz, Jag Khalsa, Kirsten Knutson, Kathryn Kolasa, Alex Krist, Anton Kuzel, Pearl Lee, Theresa J Nartea, Gretchen Piatt, Hilary Seligman, Joni Strom Williams, Josh Brown, Jennifer Early, Jill Hellman, Julie Karr, Megan Kervin, Isra Malik, Albert Walker, Sheila Goode, Danita Gregory, Sharon Herman, Brenda Kenney, Chimere Miles, Audrey Smith, Travis White
INTRODUCTION: A demonstration project in Richmond, Virginia involved patients and other stakeholders in the creation of a research agenda on dietary and behavioral management of diabetes and hypertension. Given the impact of these diseases on morbidity and mortality, considerable research has been directed at the challenges patients face in chronic disease management. The continuing need to understand disparities and find evidence-based interventions to improve outcomes has been fruitful, but disparities and unmet needs persist...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303006/short-course-high-dose-rifampicin-achieves-wolbachia-depletion-predictive-of-curative-outcomes-in-preclinical-models-of-lymphatic-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis
#8
Ghaith Aljayyoussi, Hayley E Tyrer, Louise Ford, Hanna Sjoberg, Nicolas Pionnier, David Waterhouse, Jill Davies, Joanne Gamble, Haelly Metugene, Darren A N Cook, Andrew Steven, Raman Sharma, Ana F Guimaraes, Rachel H Clare, Andrew Cassidy, Kelly L Johnston, Laura Myhill, Laura Hayward, Samuel Wanji, Joseph D Turner, Mark J Taylor, Stephen A Ward
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and onchocerciasis are priority neglected tropical diseases targeted for elimination. The only safe drug treatment with substantial curative activity against the filarial nematodes responsible for LF (Brugia malayi, Wuchereria bancrofti) or onchocerciasis (Onchocerca volvulus) is doxycycline. The target of doxycycline is the essential endosymbiont, Wolbachia. Four to six weeks doxycycline therapy achieves >90% depletion of Wolbachia in worm tissues leading to blockade of embryogenesis, adult sterility and premature death 18-24 months post-treatment...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278378/subsequent-injuries-are-more-common-than-injury-recurrences
#9
Caroline F Finch, Jill Cook, Breanne E Kunstler, Muhammad Akram, John Orchard
BACKGROUND: It is known that some people can, and do, sustain >1 injury over a playing season. However, there is currently little high-quality epidemiological evidence about the risk of, and relationships between, multiple and subsequent injuries. PURPOSE: To describe the subsequent injuries sustained by Australian Football League (AFL) players over 1 season, including their most common injury diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263673/demystifying-the-clinical-diagnosis-of-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-in-women
#10
Charlotte Ganderton, Adam Semciw, Jill Cook, Tania Pizzari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 10 clinical tests that can be used in the diagnosis of greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) in women, and to compare these clinical tests to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight participants with GTPS (49.5 ± 22.0 years) and 18 asymptomatic participants (mean age ± standard deviation [SD], 52.5 ± 22.8 years) were included. A blinded physiotherapist performed 10 pain provocation tests potentially diagnostic for GTPS-palpation of the greater trochanter, resisted external derotation test, modified resisted external derotation test, standard and modified Ober's tests, Patrick's or FABER test, resisted hip abduction, single-leg stance test, and the resisted hip internal rotation test...
June 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219826/hot-topics-in-reactive-oxygen-therapy-antimicrobial-and-immunological-mechanisms-safety-and-clinical-applications
#11
REVIEW
Matthew Dryden, Jonathan Cooke, Rami Salib, Rebecca Holding, Sylvia L F Pender, Jill Brooks
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), when combined with various delivery mechanisms, has the potential to become a powerful novel therapeutic agent against difficult-to-treat infections, especially those involving biofilm. It is important in the context of the global antibiotic resistance crisis. ROS is rapidly active in vitro against all Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria tested. ROS also has antifungal and antiviral properties. ROS prevents the formation of biofilms caused by a range of bacterial species in wounds and respiratory epithelium...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171786/a-comparison-of-gluteus-medius-gluteus-minimus-and-tensor-facia-latae-muscle-activation-during-gait-in-post-menopausal-women-with-and-without-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome
#12
Charlotte Ganderton, Tania Pizzari, Tanya Harle, Jill Cook, Adam Semciw
The effect of greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) on gluteus medius (GMed) and minimus (GMin) activation in post-menopausal women is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare segmental muscle activation and variability of the GMed, GMin and tensor fascia latae (TFL) during gait in post-menopausal women with and without GTPS. Intramuscular electrodes were inserted into segments of GMin (x2) and GMed (x3) and a surface electrode placed on TFL. Ten control participants and 8 with GTPS completed six walking trials...
April 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#13
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030555/trycycle-a-prospective-study-of-the-safety-and-feasibility-of-early-in-bed-cycling-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#14
Michelle E Kho, Alexander J Molloy, France J Clarke, Daana Ajami, Magda McCaughan, Kristy Obrovac, Christina Murphy, Laura Camposilvan, Margaret S Herridge, Karen K Y Koo, Jill Rudkowski, Andrew J E Seely, Jennifer M Zanni, Marina Mourtzakis, Thomas Piraino, Deborah J Cook
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess the safety and feasibility of in-bed cycling started within the first 4 days of mechanical ventilation (MV) to inform a future randomized clinical trial. METHODS: We conducted a 33-patient prospective cohort study in a 21-bed adult academic medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) in Hamilton, ON, Canada. We included adult patients (≥ 18 years) receiving MV who walked independently pre-ICU. Our intervention was 30 minutes of in-bed supine cycling 6 days/week in the ICU...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959890/combined-oral-contraceptive-use-before-the-first-birth-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk
#15
Linda S Cook, Claire R Pestak, Andy Cy Leung, Helen Steed, Jill Nation, Kenneth Swenerton, Richard Gallagher, Anthony Magliocco, Martin Köbel, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Nhu Le
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptive (COC) use reduces epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk. However, little is known about risk with COC use before the first full-term pregnancy (FFTP). METHODS: This Canadian population-based case-control study (2001-2012) included 854 invasive cases/2139 controls aged ⩾40 years who were parous and had information on COC use. We estimated odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for study site, age, parity, breastfeeding, age at FFTP, familial breast/ovarian cancer, tubal ligation, and body mass...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957636/bony-morphology-of-the-hip-in-professional-ballet-dancers-compared-to-athletes
#16
Susan Mayes, April-Rose Ferris, Peter Smith, Andrew Garnham, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: To compare hip bony morphology between ballet dancers and a sporting control group and to determine the relationship with hip pain. METHODS: Thirty-three professional ballet dancers and 33 age- and sex-matched athletes completed questionnaires, including the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS), and underwent clinical testing and 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging to measure acetabular coverage with lateral centre edge angles, femoral head-neck junction concavity with alpha angles at anterior and superior positions, femoral neck-shaft angles, and acetabular version angles...
December 12, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951482/pain-not-structural-impairments-may-explain-activity-limitations-in-people-with-gluteal-tendinopathy-or-hip-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Angela Fearon, Teresa Neeman, Paul Smith, Jennie Scarvell, Jill Cook
QUESTION: What are the functional differences between people with greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GT), hip osteoarthritis (OA) or an asymptomatic population as measured by walking, Time Up and Go, single leg standing and strength? DESIGN: Cross sectional study with blinded measurers. PARTICIPANTS: 38 participants with GT, 20 with end stage hip OA and 21 asymptomatic healthy control (AS) participants. All participants were women. OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain (numeric rating scale), Walking speed (m/s), cadence (steps/min) and step length (m) measured via the 10m walk test and the Timed Up and Go; balance via single leg stance (s) duration; and hip abduction, adduction, medial and lateral rotation strength, standardized to body mass (BM) via the body mass average index (BMavg), measured via a wall mounted dynamometer...
December 5, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898757/expanding-maize-genetic-resources-with-predomestication-alleles-maize-teosinte-introgression-populations
#18
Zhengbin Liu, Jason Cook, Susan Melia-Hancock, Katherine Guill, Christopher Bottoms, Arturo Garcia, Oliver Ott, Rebecca Nelson, Jill Recker, Peter Balint-Kurti, Sara Larsson, Nicholas Lepak, Ed Buckler, Loren Trimble, William Tracy, Michael D McMullen, Sherry A Flint-Garcia
Teosinte ( subsp. H. H. Iltis & Doebley) has greater genetic diversity than maize inbreds and landraces ( subsp. ). There are, however, limited genetic resources to efficiently evaluate and tap this diversity. To broaden resources for genetic diversity studies in maize, we developed and evaluated 928 near-isogenic introgression lines (NILs) from 10 teosinte accessions in the B73 background. Joint linkage analysis of the 10 introgression populations identified several large-effect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for days to anthesis (DTA), kernel row number (KRN), and 50-kernel weight (Wt50k)...
March 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871019/comparison-of-lower-limb-and-trunk-kinematics-between-markerless-and-marker-based-motion-capture-systems
#19
Margaret A Perrott, Tania Pizzari, Jill Cook, Jodie A McClelland
Three dimensional (3-D) motion capture systems are used by researchers and clinicians to analyze the kinematics of human movement. Traditional marker based systems are time consuming and limit the size of studies. Markerless 3-D systems are quicker to use but the differences between data captured in each system is unclear. AIM: To examine the relationship of kinematic data captured by marker based and markerless motion capture systems. METHODS: Movement was assessed in two tests: a simple knee flexion test and single leg squat with a marker based protocol (Vicon) and a markerless protocol (Organic Motion)...
October 31, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850469/831-interrater-reliability-and-responsiveness-of-the-icu-patient-reported-functional-scale
#20
Julie Reid, France Clarke, Deborah Cook, Alexander Molloy, Jill Rudkowski, Michelle Kho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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