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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898757/expanding-maize-genetic-resources-with-predomestication-alleles-maize-teosinte-introgression-populations
#1
Zhengbin Liu, Jason Cook, Susan Melia-Hancock, Katherine Guill, Christopher Bottoms, Arturo Garcia, Oliver Ott, Rebecca Nelson, Jill Recker, Peter Balint-Kurti, Sara Larsson, Nicholas Lepak, Ed Buckler, Loren Trimble, William Tracy, Michael D McMullen, Sherry A Flint-Garcia
Teosinte ( subsp. H. H. Iltis & Doebley) has greater genetic diversity than maize inbreds and landraces ( subsp. ). There are, however, limited genetic resources to efficiently evaluate and tap this diversity. To broaden resources for genetic diversity studies in maize, we developed and evaluated 928 near-isogenic introgression lines (NILs) from 10 teosinte accessions in the B73 background. Joint linkage analysis of the 10 introgression populations identified several large-effect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for days to anthesis (DTA), kernel row number (KRN), and 50-kernel weight (Wt50k)...
March 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871019/comparison-of-lower-limb-and-trunk-kinematics-between-markerless-and-marker-based-motion-capture-systems
#2
Margaret A Perrott, Tania Pizzari, Jill Cook, Jodie A McClelland
: Three dimensional (3-D) motion capture systems are used by researchers and clinicians to analyze the kinematics of human movement. Traditional marker based systems are time consuming and limit the size of studies. Markerless 3-D systems are quicker to use but the differences between data captured in each system is unclear. AIM: To examine the relationship of kinematic data captured by marker based and markerless motion capture systems. METHODS: Movement was assessed in two tests: a simple knee flexion test and single leg squat with a marker based protocol (Vicon) and a markerless protocol (Organic Motion)...
October 31, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850469/831-interrater-reliability-and-responsiveness-of-the-icu-patient-reported-functional-scale
#3
Julie Reid, France Clarke, Deborah Cook, Alexander Molloy, Jill Rudkowski, Michelle Kho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810483/tea-coffee-and-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-and-risk-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancers
#4
Andy C Y Leung, Linda S Cook, Kenneth Swenerton, Blake Gilks, Richard P Gallagher, Anthony Magliocco, Helen Steed, Martin Köbel, Jill Nation, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Nhu D Le
BACKGROUND: The risk for epithelial ovarian cancer associated with the consumption of caffeinated beverages (tea, coffee, and soft drinks) and green tea is inconclusive. However, few studies have investigated the type of caffeinated beverage or the type of tea. OBJECTIVE: We assessed consumption of tea (black/caffeinated tea and green tea separately), coffee, and caffeinated soft drinks, as well as level of consumption, and the risk for epithelial ovarian cancer and its histotypes...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793812/jill-cook-truegold-profjillcook
#5
EDITORIAL
Johann Windt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726295/salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-and-gallbladder-cancer-a-case-control-study-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jill Koshiol, Aniela Wozniak, Paz Cook, Christina Adaniel, Johanna Acevedo, Lorena Azócar, Ann W Hsing, Juan C Roa, Marcela F Pasetti, Juan F Miquel, Myron M Levine, Catterina Ferreccio
In Chile, where gallbladder cancer (GBC) rates are high and typhoid fever was endemic until the 1990s, we evaluated the association between Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) antibodies and GBC. We tested 39 GBC cases, 40 gallstone controls, and 39 population-based controls for S. Typhi Vi antibodies and performed culture and quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the subset with bile, gallstone, tissue, and stool samples available. We calculated gender and education-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association with GBC...
November 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693099/distinct-cut-task-strategy-in-australian-football-players-with-a-history-of-groin-pain
#7
Suzi Edwards, Hiram C Brooke, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the differences in the magnitude of movement variability and strategies utilized during an unanticipated cut task between players with and without a history of groin pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIANTS: Male Australian football players with (HISTORY; n = 7) or without (CONTROL; n = 10) a history of groin pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: Three-dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF) and kinematics were recorded during 10 successful trials of an unanticipated cut task, and isokinetic hip adduction and abduction strength...
July 22, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637335/the-impact-of-an-omega-3-fatty-acid-rich-lipid-emulsion-on-fatty-acid-profiles-in-critically-ill-septic-patients
#8
Thomas C Hall, Dilraj K Bilku, Christopher P Neal, Jill Cooke, Helena L Fisk, Philip C Calder, Ashley R Dennison
BACKGROUND: Death from sepsis in the intensive therapy unit (ITU) is frequently preceded by the development of multiple organ failure as a result of uncontrolled inflammation. Treatment with omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs), principally eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been demonstrated to attenuate the effects of uncontrolled inflammation and may be clinically beneficial in reducing mortality from organ dysfunction. Fish oil (FO) is a source of EPA and DHA...
September 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616432/side-strain-in-sport-a-narrative-review-of-pathomechanics-diagnosis-imaging-and-management-for-the-clinician
#9
Andrew R Nealon, Alex Kountouris, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the published literature on epidemiology, pathomechanics and risk factors for side strain injury in sport, complemented by clinical perspectives of diagnosis and management strategies that are not covered in the literature. DESIGN: Narrative review METHODS: A review of the literature was completed with all studies on side strain up until October 2015 included. As the studies were unable to be synthesised the findings were placed in a clinical context...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594583/foot-care
#10
Jonathan A Cook, Jill Reuille, Susan Ashley, Donald D Kautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567627/professional-ballet-dancers-have-a-similar-prevalence-of-articular-cartilage-defects-compared-to-age-and-sex-matched-non-dancing-athletes
#11
Susan Mayes, April-Rose Ferris, Peter Smith, Andrew Garnham, Jill Cook
Ballet exposes the hip joint to repetitive loading in extreme ranges of movement and may predispose a dancer to pain and osteoarthritis (OA). The aims of this study were to compare the prevalence of cartilage defects in professional ballet dancers and athletes and to determine the relationship of clinical signs and symptoms. Forty-nine male and female, current and retired professional ballet dancers and 49 age- and sex-matched non-dancing athletes completed hip pain questionnaires, including the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS), and underwent hip range of movement (ROM) testing and 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging to score cartilage defects (no defect, grade 1: focal partial defect and grade 2: diffuse or full thickness defect)...
August 27, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530915/comparative-effectiveness-research-for-the-clinician-researcher-a-framework-for-making-a-methodological-design-choice
#12
EDITORIAL
Cylie M Williams, Elizabeth H Skinner, Alicia M James, Jill L Cook, Steven M McPhail, Terry P Haines
Comparative effectiveness research compares two active forms of treatment or usual care in comparison with usual care with an additional intervention element. These types of study are commonly conducted following a placebo or no active treatment trial. Research designs with a placebo or non-active treatment arm can be challenging for the clinician researcher when conducted within the healthcare environment with patients attending for treatment.A framework for conducting comparative effectiveness research is needed, particularly for interventions for which there are no strong regulatory requirements that must be met prior to their introduction into usual care...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513733/isometric-contractions-are-more-analgesic-than-isotonic-contractions-for-patellar-tendon-pain-an-in-season-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Ebonie Rio, Mathijs van Ark, Sean Docking, G Lorimer Moseley, Dawson Kidgell, Jamie E Gaida, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Johannes Zwerver, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the immediate analgesic effects of 2 resistance programs in in-season athletes with patellar tendinopathy (PT). Resistance training is noninvasive, a principle stimulus for corticospinal and neuromuscular adaptation, and may be analgesic. DESIGN: Within-season randomized clinical trial. Data analysis was conducted blinded to group. SETTING: Subelite volleyball and basketball competitions. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty jumping athletes aged more than 16 years, participating in games/trainings 3 times per week with clinically diagnosed PT...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479733/the-regional-impacts-of-cooking-and-heating-emissions-on-ambient-air-quality-and-disease-burden-in-china
#14
Scott Archer-Nicholls, Ellison Carter, Rajesh Kumar, Qingyang Xiao, Yang Liu, Joseph Frostad, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Aaron Cohen, Michael Brauer, Jill Baumgartner, Christine Wiedinmyer
Exposure to air pollution is a major risk factor globally and particularly in Asia. A large portion of air pollutants result from residential combustion of solid biomass and coal fuel for cooking and heating. This study presents a regional modeling sensitivity analysis to estimate the impact of residential emissions from cooking and heating activities on the burden of disease at a provincial level in China. Model surface PM2.5 fields are shown to compare well when evaluated against surface air quality measurements...
September 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477928/what-tendon-pathology-is-seen-on-imaging-in-people-who-have-taken-fluoroquinolones-a-systematic-review
#15
Tina R Lang, Jill Cook, Ebonie Rio, James E Gaida
Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are highly effective broad-spectrum antibiotics. Clinical data reveal an increased incidence of tendon pain and rupture in those taking FQs, yet little is known about tendon structural changes. This review synthesises published data on tendon structural changes in people who have taken FQs. Eight databases were searched for potentially relevant articles (Medline, CINAHL, Biological Abstracts, AMED, Web of Knowledge, SCOPUS, SportDiscus and EMBASE) using MeSH and free-text searches. Inclusion and exclusion criteria determined which articles were used for this review...
August 1, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449791/the-joint-influence-of-photoperiod-and-temperature-during-growth-cessation-and-development-of-dormancy-in-white-spruce-picea-glauca
#16
Jill A Hamilton, Walid El Kayal, Ashley T Hart, Daniel E Runcie, Adriana Arango-Velez, Janice E K Cooke
Timely responses to environmental cues enable the synchronization of phenological life-history transitions essential for the health and survival of north-temperate and boreal tree species. While photoperiodic cues will remain persistent under climate change, temperature cues may vary, contributing to possible asynchrony in signals influencing developmental and physiological transitions essential to forest health. Understanding the relative contribution of photoperiod and temperature as determinants of the transition from active growth to dormancy is important for informing adaptive forest management decisions that consider future climates...
November 2016: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443462/the-oxidative-potential-of-pm2-5-exposures-from-indoor-and-outdoor-sources-in-rural-china
#17
Matthew H Secrest, James J Schauer, Ellison M Carter, Alexandra M Lai, Yuqin Wang, Ming Shan, Xudong Yang, Yuanxun Zhang, Jill Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Airborne particulate matter (PM) is a widespread environmental exposure and leading health risk factor. The health effects of PM may be mediated by its oxidative potential; however, the combustion and non-combustion sources and components of PM responsible for its oxidative potential are poorly understood, particularly in low- and middle-income rural settings where coal and biomass burning for cooking and heating contribute to PM exposure. METHODS: We measured 24-h personal exposures to fine particulate matter (PM2...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351357/seasonal-and-diurnal-air-pollution-from-residential-cooking-and-space-heating-in-the-eastern-tibetan-plateau
#18
Ellison Carter, Scott Archer-Nicholls, Kun Ni, Alexandra M Lai, Hongjiang Niu, Matthew H Secrest, Sara M Sauer, James J Schauer, Majid Ezzati, Christine Wiedinmyer, Xudong Yang, Jill Baumgartner
Residential combustion of solid fuel is a major source of air pollution. In regions where space heating and cooking occur at the same time and using the same stoves and fuels, evaluating air-pollution patterns for household-energy-use scenarios with and without heating is essential to energy intervention design and estimation of its population health impacts as well as the development of residential emission inventories and air-quality models. We measured continuous and 48 h integrated indoor PM2.5 concentrations over 221 and 203 household-days and outdoor PM2...
August 2, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348031/utilizing-trigger-films-to-enhance-communication-skills-of-home-care-clinicians
#19
Jill Brennan-Cook, Margory A Molloy
The purpose of this article is to describe an innovative method to help home care clinicians better communicate with older adults experiencing normal physiologic changes that impact their ability to communicate effectively. Developmental changes such as hearing, speech, vision, and cognition profoundly impede an older adult's ability to communicate with others, potentially undermining the quality of care delivered. The use of trigger films as an educational intervention can assist home care clinicians to improve communication with their patients...
July 2016: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316628/seasonal-variation-in-outdoor-indoor-and-personal-air-pollution-exposures-of-women-using-wood-stoves-in-the-tibetan-plateau-baseline-assessment-for-an-energy-intervention-study
#20
Kun Ni, Ellison Carter, James J Schauer, Majid Ezzati, Yuanxun Zhang, Hongjiang Niu, Alexandra M Lai, Ming Shan, Yuqin Wang, Xudong Yang, Jill Baumgartner
Cooking and heating with coal and biomass is the main source of household air pollution in China and a leading contributor to disease burden. As part of a baseline assessment for a household energy intervention program, we enrolled 205 adult women cooking with biomass fuels in Sichuan, China and measured their 48-h personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) in winter and summer. We also measured the indoor 48-h PM2.5 concentrations in their homes and conducted outdoor PM2...
September 2016: Environment International
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