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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446597/usefulness-of-ultrasound-examination-in-the-evaluation-of-a-neonate-s-body-fluid-status
#1
Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak
UNLABELLED: Appropriate hydration is a very important prognostic factor for the patient's health. Ultrasonographic assessment of hydration status is rarely used in pediatric medicine and it is not used at all in neonates due to the fact that no reference values have been established for this age group. The aim of the paper was to establish reference values for neonates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life)...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24785861/periviable-birth-executive-summary-of-a-joint-workshop-by-the-eunice-kennedy-shriver-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-american-academy-of-pediatrics-and-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#2
Tonse N K Raju, Brian M Mercer, David J Burchfield, Gerald F Joseph
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation), and the treatment options for the newborn. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop panel noted that the rates of neonatal survival and neurodevelopmental disabilities among the survivors vary greatly across the periviable gestations and are significantly influenced by the obstetric and neonatal management practices (eg, antenatal steroid, tocolytic agents, and antibiotic administration; cesarean birth; and local protocols for perinatal care, neonatal resuscitation, and intensive care support)...
May 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24725732/periviable-birth-executive-summary-of-a-joint-workshop-by-the-eunice-kennedy-shriver-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-american-academy-of-pediatrics-and-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#3
Tonse N K Raju, Brian M Mercer, David J Burchfield, Gerald F Joseph
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation) and the treatment options for the newborn infant. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop panel noted that the rates of neonatal survival and neurodevelopmental disabilities among the survivors vary greatly across the periviable gestations and are significantly influenced by the obstetric and neonatal management practices (eg, antenatal steroid, tocolytic agents, and antibiotic administration; cesarean birth; and local protocols for perinatal care, neonatal resuscitation, and intensive care support)...
May 2014: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24722647/periviable-birth-executive-summary-of-a-joint-workshop-by-the-eunice-kennedy-shriver-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-american-academy-of-pediatrics-and-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#4
T N K Raju, B M Mercer, D J Burchfield, G F Joseph
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation), and the treatment options for the newborn. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop panel noted that the rates of neonatal survival and neurodevelopmental disabilities among the survivors vary greatly across the periviable gestations and are significantly influenced by the obstetric and neonatal management practices (for example, antenatal steroid, tocolytic agents and antibiotic administration; cesarean birth; and local protocols for perinatal care, neonatal resuscitation and intensive care support)...
May 2014: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24176286/preventing-maternal-and-early-childhood-obesity-the-fetal-flaw-in-australian-perinatal-care
#5
REVIEW
Margaret Miller, Lydia Hearn, Paige van der Pligt, Jane Wilcox, Karen J Campbell
Almost half of Australian women of child-bearing age are overweight or obese, with a rate of 30-50% reported in early pregnancy. Maternal adiposity is a costly challenge for Australian obstetric care, with associated serious maternal and neonatal complications. Excess gestational weight gain is an important predictor of offspring adiposity into adulthood and higher maternal weight later in life. Current public health and perinatal care approaches in Australia do not adequately address excess perinatal maternal weight or gestational weight gain...
2014: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24090092/perinatal-factors-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-lung-diseases
#6
Rodney D Britt, Arij Faksh, Elizabeth Vogel, Richard J Martin, Christina M Pabelick, Y S Prakash
Wheezing and asthma are significant clinical problems for infants and young children, particularly following premature birth. Recurrent wheezing in infants can progress to persistent asthma. As in adults, altered airway structure (remodeling) and function (increased bronchoconstriction) are also important in neonatal and pediatric airway diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests that airway disease in children is influenced by perinatal factors including perturbations in normal fetal lung development, postnatal interventions in the intensive care unit (ICU) and environmental and other insults in the neonatal period...
October 2013: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23807716/characterization-of-health-care-provider-attitudes-toward-parental-involvement-in-neonatal-resuscitation-related-decision-making-in-mongolia
#7
Ryan M McAdams, Ronald J McPherson, Maneesh Batra, Zagd Gerelmaa
The aim of this study was to characterize attitudes and practices among health care providers (HCPs) in Mongolia regarding parental involvement in neonatal resuscitation (NR)-related decisions. A voluntary, anonymous questionnaire was administered to 210 HCPs across 19 of 21 Mongolia provinces. Eligible HCPs included midwives, neonatologists, pediatricians, and obstetricians involved in neonatal-perinatal care in both rural and urban hospitals. A total of 210 pediatric HCPs were surveyed and 100 % completed all questions (response rate 100 %)...
May 2014: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23678327/rate-and-time-trend-of-perinatal-infant-maternal-mortality-natality-and-natural-population-growth-in-kosovo
#8
Mehmedali Azemi, Sanije Gashi, Majlinda Berisha, Selim Kolgeci, Vlora Ismaili-Jaha
AIM: THE AIM OF WORK HAS BEEN THE PRESENTATION OF THE RATE AND TIME TRENDS OF SOME INDICATORS OF THE HEATH CONDITION OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN IN KOSOVO: fetal mortality, early neonatal mortality, perinatal mortality, infant mortality, natality, natural growth of population etc. The treated patients were the newborn and infants in the post neonatal period, women during their pregnancy and those 42 days before and after the delivery. METHODS: THE DATA WERE TAKEN FROM: register of the patients treated in the Pediatric Clinic of Prishtina, World Health Organization, Mother and Child Health Care, Reproductive Health Care, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kosovo, Statistical Department of Kosovo, the National Institute of Public Health and several academic texts in the field of pediatrics...
2012: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22114883/recent-advances-in-medicines-for-children-and-neonates
#9
Imti Choonara
The European Society for Developmental, Perinatal and Paediatric Pharmacology held its 13th Biennial Congress in Oslo, Norway. The congress was attended by over 100 health professionals from all around the world. The focus of the congress was recent advances in drug therapy in neonates and children. Alongside invited speakers, there were a host of presentations by young investigators which consisted of oral and poster presentations.
September 2011: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21494000/prospective-audit-of-perinatal-mortality-among-inborn-babies-in-a-tertiary-health-center-in-lagos-nigeria
#10
E N Ekure, V C Ezeaka, E Iroha, Mtc Egri-Okwaji
BACKGROUND: The perinatal mortality rate remains an important indicator of maternal care and maternal health and nutrition, and also reflects the quality of obstetric and pediatric care available. The causes of most of the perinatal deaths are preventable, thus making it important to identify the risk factors in each health environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to prospectively audit the perinatal mortality and associated risk factors in a tertiary health facility in a developing country...
January 2011: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20502297/acquiring-human-immunodeficiency-virus-during-pregnancy-and-mother-to-child-transmission-in-new-york-2002-2006
#11
Guthrie S Birkhead, Wendy P Pulver, Barbara L Warren, Sheila Hackel, Deborah Rodríguez, Lou Smith
OBJECTIVE: To assess perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exposure and factors associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission. METHODS: A cohort analysis of HIV-exposed births in New York State from 2002 to 2006 was undertaken using routinely collected public health surveillance and regulatory data, including Newborn Screening HIV antibody results, pediatric HIV diagnostic test results, and maternal and pediatric medical record abstractions. RESULTS: Between January 2002 and December 2006, we identified 3,396 HIV-exposed neonoates...
June 2010: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20054007/the-5-year-direct-medical-cost-of-neonatal-and-childhood-stroke-in-a-population-based-cohort
#12
M A Gardner, N K Hills, S Sidney, S C Johnston, H J Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing awareness of the long-term impact of pediatric stroke, there are few estimates of the costs of care. We examined acute and 5-year direct costs of neonatal and childhood stroke in a population-based cohort in Northern California. METHODS: We obtained electronic cost data for 266 children with neurologist-confirmed strokes, and 786 age-matched stroke-free controls, within the population of all children (<20 years) enrolled in a large managed care plan from 1996 through 2003...
February 2, 2010: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19730409/guidelines-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-opportunistic-infections-among-hiv-exposed-and-hiv-infected-children-recommendations-from-cdc-the-national-institutes-of-health-the-hiv-medicine-association-of-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-the-pediatric
#13
Lynne M Mofenson, Michael T Brady, Susie P Danner, Kenneth L Dominguez, Rohan Hazra, Edward Handelsman, Peter Havens, Steve Nesheim, Jennifer S Read, Leslie Serchuck, Russell Van Dyke
This report updates and combines into one document earlier versions of guidelines for preventing and treating opportunistic infections (OIs) among HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children, last published in 2002 and 2004, respectively. These guidelines are intended for use by clinicians and other health-care workers providing medical care for HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children in the United States. The guidelines discuss opportunistic pathogens that occur in the United States and one that might be acquired during international travel (i...
September 4, 2009: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19629905/-how-nationally-concordated-measures-for-quality-assurance-in-clinical-care-of-term-and-preterm-infants-are-put-into-practice-in-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#14
T Boehler, B Schaeff, I Hornberg, B Waibel, M Mohrmann
BACKGROUND: By the end of the year 2007, pediatric hospitals in Baden-Württemberg had assigned themselves to one of three levels of perinatal care according to a checklist of the German Federal Joint Committee (F-JC) effective since January 1st, 2006. The Medical Service of Statutory Health Insurance had been assigned to prove the plausibility of that self-assessment according to quality criteria for clinical care of term and preterm newborn infants concordated by the F-JC. METHODS: Between November 2007 and October 2008 31 providers were audited...
July 2009: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19580186/-program-of-early-nephro-urologic-management-of-children-with-congenital-hydronephrosis
#15
EDITORIAL
Piotr Czarniak, Aleksandra Zurowska, Andrzej Gołebiewski, Leszek Komasara, Krzysztof Preis, Iwona Domzalska-Popadiuk, Alicja Sowa
Congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the main cause of end stage renal disease in childhood. Early prenatal detection with planned postnatal diagnosis and therapy are the mainstay of management of neonates with CAKUT which is aimed at the conservation of renal tissue. The above assumptions led to the establishment of the Pommeranian Program for Management of Children with CAKUT. The strategy of the program is to coordinate prenatal diagnosis performed by obstetricians, postnatal care by neonatologists and early management by pediatric nephrologists and urologists...
April 2009: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18603894/two-year-audit-of-perinatal-mortality-at-kathmandu-medical-college-teaching-hospital
#16
M Shrestha, D S Manandhar, S Dhakal, N Nepal
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal mortality rate is a sensitive indicator of quality of care provided to women in pregnancy, at and after child birth and to the newborns in the first week of life. Regular perinatal audit would help in identifying all the factors that play a role in causing perinatal deaths and thus help in appropriate interventions to reduce avoidable perinatal deaths. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to determine perinatal mortality rate (PMR) and the factors responsible for perinatal deaths at KMCTH in the two year period from November 2003 to October 2005 (Kartik 2060 B...
April 2006: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17645957/functional-performance-of-preterm-children-at-age-4
#17
Mary C Sullivan, Michael E Msall
Functional performance, a child's ability to perform the tasks of daily living and to fulfill expected social roles, is now recommended in follow-up of preterm children. This study examined neonatal, preschool health, and motor effects on functional performance at age 4. The sample of 155 infants, classified by perinatal morbidity and birth weight, was assessed during a home visit. Neonatal illness, socioeconomic status, preschool health, and motor predictors explained 44% of the variance in functional performance...
August 2007: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17618896/multiple-sequential-intussusceptions-causing-bowel-obstruction-in-a-preterm-neonate
#18
Kristine D Slam, Daniel H Teitelbaum
We present a case of multiple sequential intussusceptions in a preterm neonate that resulted in mechanical bowel obstruction. The differential diagnosis of abdominal obstruction in a neonate is extensive, requiring a thorough review of presentation and methodical workup to determine etiology (Teitelbaum DH. Obturation obstruction of the intestine. In: O'Neill JA, editor. Principles of pediatric surgery. St. Louis (MO): Mosby, 2003. p. 605-612). Rare causes must be considered in a patient with no obvious etiology on contrast studies and persistent symptoms...
July 2007: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17414397/perinatal-hepatitis-b-transmission-and-vaccination-timing-in-a-managed-care-cohort-assessment-of-the-temporary-delay-in-newborn-hepatitis-b-vaccination-due-to-thimerosal-content
#19
Soju Chang, Elizabeth M Begier, Stephanie D Schech, Patricia Venus, Deborah Shatin, M Miles Braun, Robert Ball
BACKGROUND: From July to September 1999, due to a concern of toxicity from exposure to thimerosal-containing vaccines, the American Academy of Pediatrics and U.S. Public Health Service temporarily recommended delaying the administration of first dose of hepatitis B vaccine until the age of 2-6 months for infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen negative mothers. Our objectives were to determine whether the recommendation affected the rate of perinatal hepatitis B infection in a multistate managed care population; to describe neonatal and early childhood cases of hepatitis B infection and to evaluate a possible role of the recommendation; and to assess the timeliness, with respect to the U...
April 2007: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17079581/improved-outcomes-of-extremely-premature-outborn-infants-effects-of-strategic-changes-in-perinatal-and-retrieval-services
#20
Kei Lui, Mohamed E Abdel-Latif, Catherine L Allgood, Barbara Bajuk, Julee Oei, Andrew Berry, David Henderson-Smart
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to evaluate the impact of statewide coordinated changes in perinatal support and retrieval services on the outcomes of extremely premature births occurring outside perinatal centers in the state of New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: The intervention included additional, network-coordinated, perinatal telephone advice to optimize in utero transfers and centralization of the neonatal retrieval system, with preferential admission of retrieved infants (outborn infants) to perinatal centers instead of freestanding pediatric hospitals, from the middle of 1995...
November 2006: Pediatrics
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