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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353088/healthcare-students-evaluation-of-the-clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Salla Pitkänen, Maria Kääriäinen, Ashlee Oikarainen, Anna-Maria Tuomikoski, Satu Elo, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Mikko Saarikoski, Taina Kärsämänoja, Kristina Mikkonen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of clinical placements and supervision is to promote the development of healthcare students´ professional skills. High-quality clinical learning environments and supervision were shown to have significant influence on healthcare students´ professional development. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe healthcare students` evaluation of the clinical learning environment and supervision, and to identify the factors that affect these. DESIGN: The study was performed as a cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352730/teaching-of-anatomical-sciences-a-blended-learning-approach
#2
REVIEW
Mohammed K Khalil, Eiman M Abdel Meguid, Ihsan E Elkhider
Blended learning is the integration of different learning approaches, new technologies and activities that combine traditional face-to-face teaching methods with authentic online methodologies. Although advances in educational technology have helped to expand the selection of different pedagogies, the teaching of anatomical sciences has been challenged by implementation difficulties and other limitations. These challenges are reported to include lack of time, costs, and lack of qualified teachers. Easy access to online information and advances in technology make it possible to resolve these limitations by adopting blended learning approaches...
January 20, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352346/the-evolution-of-breast-reduction-publications-a-bibliometric-analysis
#3
Ümran Muslu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to make a bibliometric analysis of the studies on breast reduction (BR) between the years 1980 and 2016 and identify important studies through trend topics as well as active authors, countries, universities, scientific journals, and citation and co-citation analyses about BR. BACKGROUND: Although BR looks like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed in order to restore the woman's appearance, in fact it is a reconstructive surgery that eliminates back pain, stance disorder, headache, shoulder pain, back and cervical disk hernia, difficulty in breathing, hollowness caused by bra straps, hygiene problems under breasts (e...
January 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351909/arrows-in-biology-lack-of-clarity-and-consistency-points-to-confusion-for-learners
#4
L Kate Wright, Jordan J Cardenas, Phyllis Liang, Dina L Newman
In this article, we begin to unpack the phenomenon of representational competence by exploring how arrow symbols are used in introductory biology textbook figures. Out of 1214 figures in an introductory biology textbook, 632 (52%) of them contained arrows that were used to represent many different concepts or processes. Analysis of these figures revealed little correlation between arrow style and meaning. A more focused study of 86 figures containing 230 arrows from a second textbook showed the same pattern of inconsistency...
December 1, 2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351262/imu-to-segment-assignment-and-orientation-alignment-for-the-lower-body-using-deep-learning
#5
Tobias Zimmermann, Bertram Taetz, Gabriele Bleser
Human body motion analysis based on wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) receives a lot of attention from both the research community and the and industrial community. This is due to the significant role in, for instance, mobile health systems, sports and human computer interaction. In sensor based activity recognition, one of the major issues for obtaining reliable results is the sensor placement/assignment on the body. For inertial motion capture (joint kinematics estimation) and analysis, the IMU-to-segment (I2S) assignment and alignment are central issues to obtain biomechanical joint angles...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350974/use-of-simulation-based-training-to-aid-in-implementing-complex-health-technology
#6
Veffa Devers
Clinicians are adult learners in a complex environment that historically does not invest in training in a way that is conducive to these types of learners. Adult learners are independent, self-directed, and goal oriented. In today's fast-paced clinical setting, a practical need exists for nurses and clinicians to master the technology they use on a daily basis, especially as medical devices have become more interconnected and complex. As hospitals look to embrace new technologies, medical device companies must provide clinical end-user training...
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346006/public-health-education-teaching-epidemiology-in-high-school-classrooms
#7
Emily D'Agostino
Epidemiology instruction has expanded at the undergraduate level in part because it increases student critical thinking and scientific literacy, promotes students' perception of public health as both practical and relevant, and empowers students as independent, lifelong learners. Why then are more high schools not adopting epidemiology as a course requirement for students? Although prior iterations of high school epidemiology courses are noteworthy for incorporating active and participatory learning, embedding them into existing and continually shifting curricula is challenging and time-consuming, especially for teachers not trained in the field...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345987/habitable-worlds-delivering-on-the-promises-of-online-education
#8
Lev B Horodyskyj, Chris Mead, Zack Belinson, Sanlyn Buxner, Steven Semken, Ariel D Anbar
Critical thinking and scientific reasoning are central to higher education in the United States, but many courses (in-person and online) teach students information about science much more than they teach the actual process of science and its associated knowledge and skills. In the online arena specifically, the tools available for course construction exacerbate this problem by making it difficult to build the types of active learning activities that research shows to be the most effective. Here, we present a report on Habitable Worlds, offered by Arizona State University for 12 semesters over the past 6 years...
January 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344925/translating-visual-information-into-action-predictions-statistical-learning-in-action-and-nonaction-contexts
#9
Claire D Monroy, Sarah A Gerson, Sabine Hunnius
Humans are sensitive to the statistical regularities in action sequences carried out by others. In the present eyetracking study, we investigated whether this sensitivity can support the prediction of upcoming actions when observing unfamiliar action sequences. In two between-subjects conditions, we examined whether observers would be more sensitive to statistical regularities in sequences performed by a human agent versus self-propelled 'ghost' events. Secondly, we investigated whether regularities are learned better when they are associated with contingent effects...
January 17, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342241/ipat-intelligent-prediction-and-association-tool-for-genomic-research
#10
Chunpeng James Chen, Zhiwu Zhang
Summary: The ultimate goal of genomic research is to effectively predict phenotypes from genotypes so that medical management can improve human health and molecular breeding can increase agricultural production. Genomic prediction or selection (GS) plays a complementary role to genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which is the primary method to identify genes underlying phenotypes. Unfortunately, most computing tools cannot perform data analyses for both GWAS and GS. Furthermore, the majority of these tools are executed through a command-line interface (CLI), which requires programming skills...
January 11, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341812/optional-anatomy-and-physiology-e-learning-resources-student-access-learning-approaches-and-academic-outcomes
#11
Richard Guy, Bruce Byrne, Marian Dobos
Anatomy and physiology interactive video clips were introduced into a blended learning environment, as an optional resource, and were accessed by ~50% of the cohort. Student feedback indicated that clips were engaging, assisted understanding of course content, and provided lecture support. Students could also access two other optional online resources, lecture capture recordings and an interactive atlas of anatomy, and individuals were tracked with respect to their access behavior, learning approach, and subject score...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#12
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340856/core-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-what-does-every-anesthesiologist-need-to-know
#13
REVIEW
Massimiliano Meineri, Gregory L Bryson, Ramiro Arellano, Nikolaos Skubas
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming an integral part of anesthesia practice throughout the world. Despite the growing interest in POCUS among trainees and faculty, POCUS training is variable among universities across Canada. This suggests a need for curriculum development and standardization. International guidelines for Emergency Medicine and Critical Care have common frameworks and may be used as a reference to model anesthesia-specific curricula. The Royal College of Anaesthetists of the United Kingdom currently offers the only nationally approved POCUS curriculum for anesthesia and critical care trainees...
January 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340790/an-automated-framework-for-qsar-model-building
#14
Samina Kausar, Andre O Falcao
BACKGROUND: In-silico quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models based tools are widely used to screen huge databases of compounds in order to determine the biological properties of chemical molecules based on their chemical structure. With the passage of time, the exponentially growing amount of synthesized and known chemicals data demands computationally efficient automated QSAR modeling tools, available to researchers that may lack extensive knowledge of machine learning modeling...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340600/development-and-impact-of-a-massive-open-online-course-mooc-for-antimicrobial-stewardship
#15
Jacqueline Sneddon, Gavin Barlow, Sally Bradley, Adrian Brink, Sujith J Chandy, Dilip Nathwani
Background: The University of Dundee and the BSAC developed a massive open online course (MOOC) to address the global need for education to support antimicrobial stewardship in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: An interactive course, Antimicrobial Stewardship: Managing Antibiotic Resistance, was developed and delivered via the FutureLearn© platform. The course ran over four 6 week periods during 2015 and 2016 supported by educators and was evaluated via data on uptake and feedback from learners on impact on clinical practice...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334925/implementing-blended-learning-in-emergency-airway-management-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Madeleine Huei Tze Kho, Keng Sheng Chew, Muhaimin Noor Azhar, Mohd Lotfi Hamzah, Kee Man Chuah, Aida Bustam, Hiang Chuan Chan
BACKGROUND: While emergency airway management training is conventionally conducted via face-to-face learning (F2FL) workshops, there are inherent cost, time, place and manpower limitations in running such workshops. Blended learning (BL) refers to the systematic integration of online and face-to-face learning aimed to facilitate complex thinking skills and flexible participation at a reduced financial, time and manpower cost. This study was conducted to evaluate its effectiveness in emergency airway management training...
January 15, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334421/a-survey-of-tooth-morphology-teaching-methods-employed-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#17
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, E J Downer, A Toulouse
BACKGROUND: Tooth morphology is a central component of the dental curriculum and is applicable to all dental specialities. Traditional teaching methods are being supplemented with innovative strategies to tailor teaching and accommodate the learning styles of the recent generation of students. METHODS: An online survey was compiled and distributed to the staff involved in teaching tooth morphology in the United Kingdom and Ireland to assess the importance of tooth morphology in the dentistry curriculum and the methodologies employed in teaching...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#18
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330229/determining-the-educational-impact-of-the-introduction-of-practice-based-small-group-learning-within-an-intraprofessional-group-of-doctors
#19
Antony Sean Willman
INTRODUCTION: Practice-Based Small Group Learning (PBSGL) is a system for continuing professional development introduced into Wessex Region Defence Primary Healthcare (DPHC) as the Salisbury Plain PBSGL group in 2012. This is a mixed intraprofessional group comprising general practitioners (GPs), GP trainers, general practice specialist registrars (GPSTs) and general duties medical officers (GDMOs). METHODS: An anonymised online questionnaire and thematic analysis was undertaken to assess the educational impact of PBSGL in such a mixed-role group reflecting military general practice...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329398/lenup-learning-nucleosome-positioning-from-dna-sequences-with-improved-convolutional-neural-networks
#20
Juhua Zhang, Wenbo Peng, Lei Wang
Motivation: Nucleosome positioning plays significant roles in proper genome packing and its accessibility to execute transcription regulation. Despite a multitude of nucleosome positioning resources available on line including experimental datasets of genome-wide nucleosome occupancy profiles and computational tools to the analysis on these data, the complex language of eukaryotic Nucleosome positioning remains incompletely understood. Results: Here, we address this challenge using an approach based on a state-of-the-art machine learning method...
January 10, 2018: Bioinformatics
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