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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909364/physiotherapy-students-attitudes-toward-psychiatry-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: A cross-sectional exploration of Notre Dame Australia physiotherapy students' attitudes toward psychiatry and mental illness, students' perceptions regarding preparation in this area for general clinical practice, and a cross-sectional investigation of current mental health-and psychiatry-related content in physiotherapy curricula across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire including demographic details, level of exposure to mental illness, and the Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items (ATP-30) was completed by pre-clinical and clinically experienced physiotherapy students from the University of Notre Dame Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903489/finding-important-terms-for-patients-in-their-electronic-health-records-a-learning-to-rank-approach-using-expert-annotations
#2
Jinying Chen, Jiaping Zheng, Hong Yu
BACKGROUND: Many health organizations allow patients to access their own electronic health record (EHR) notes through online patient portals as a way to enhance patient-centered care. However, EHR notes are typically long and contain abundant medical jargon that can be difficult for patients to understand. In addition, many medical terms in patients' notes are not directly related to their health care needs. One way to help patients better comprehend their own notes is to reduce information overload and help them focus on medical terms that matter most to them...
November 30, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899828/pharmacy-educator-motives-to-pursue-pedagogical-knowledge
#3
Patricia Baia, Aimee F Strang
Objective. To investigate motives of pharmacy educators who pursue pedagogical knowledge through professional development programs and to develop a model of motivation to inform future development. Methods. A mixed-methods approach was used to study both qualitative and quantitative data. Written narratives, postmodule quizzes, and survey data were collected during a 5-year period (2010-2014) from pharmacy educators who participated in an online professional development program titled Helping Educators Learn Pedagogy (HELP)...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899792/nature-nurtures-the-design-of-new-semi-synthetic-macrolide-antibiotics
#4
REVIEW
Prabhavathi Fernandes, Evan Martens, David Pereira
Erythromycin and its analogs are used to treat respiratory tract and other infections. The broad use of these antibiotics during the last 5 decades has led to resistance that can range from 20% to over 70% in certain parts of the world. Efforts to find macrolides that were active against macrolide-resistant strains led to the development of erythromycin analogs with alkyl-aryl side chains that mimicked the sugar side chain of 16-membered macrolides, such as tylosin. Further modifications were made to improve the potency of these molecules by removal of the cladinose sugar to obtain a smaller molecule, a modification that was learned from an older macrolide, pikromycin...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898136/pharmacological-approaches-for-the-management-of-persistent-pain-in-older-adults-what-nurses-need-to-know
#5
Fabio Guerriero, Ruth Bolier, Janet H Van Cleave, M Cary Reid
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS 1.4 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897764/nursing-students-perceptions-of-effective-problem-based-learning-tutors
#6
Nancy Matthew-Maich, Lynn Martin, Cynthia Hammond, Amy Palma, Maria Pavkovic, Darlene Sheremet, Carmen Roche
Aim To explore baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of what makes an effective tutor in problem-based learning courses, and the influence of effective teaching on students' learning and experience. Method Students enrolled in all four years of a baccalaureate nursing programme completed online surveys (n=511) and participated in focus groups (n=19). Data were analysed and combined using content analysis. Findings The data were summarised using five themes, the '5 Ps' of effective teaching in problem-based learning...
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894702/adaptive-pi-controller-to-voltage-regulation-in-power-systems-statcom-as-a-case-study
#7
Mohammad Reza Tavana, Mohammad-Hassan Khooban, Taher Niknam
Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) provides the means to improve quality and reliability of a power system as it has the functional capability to handle dynamic disturbances, such as transient stability and power oscillation damping as well as to providing voltage regulation. In this paper, a robust adaptive PI-based optimal fuzzy control strategy is proposed to control a STATCOM used in distribution systems. The proposed intelligent strategy is based on a combination of a new General Type-II Fuzzy Logic (GT2FL) with a simple heuristic algorithm named Teaching Learning Based Optimization (TLBO) Algorithm...
November 25, 2016: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894249/brief-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-video-and-simulation-with-homemade-mannequin-improves-cpr-skills
#8
Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H Greene
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt)...
November 29, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893915/barriers-to-participation-in-an-online-nursing-journal-club-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#9
Christopher Rodriguez, Carol Victor, Nathaniel Leonardi, Suela Sulo, Gina Littlejohn
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893907/patterns-and-perceptions-of-asynchronous-video-discussion-in-a-graduate-health-sciences-course
#10
Mollie Cummins, Naresh Sundar Rajan, Chad Hodge, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
BACKGROUND: Studies of graduate online education indicate a need for increased interaction among students and faculty. However, it can be challenging to foster a high level of scholarly interaction and engagement in fully online courses. The objective of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and participation patterns related to online, asynchronous video discussion in a graduate health sciences course. METHOD: An asynchronous video discussion was piloted in a 2014 interprofessional informatics course and students were subsequently surveyed to determine their perceptions of this approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893385/nelasso-group-sparse-modeling-for-characterizing-relations-among-named-entities-in-news-articles
#11
Amara Tariq, Asim Karim, Hassan Foroosh
Named entities such as people, locations, and organizations play a vital role in characterizing online content. They often reflect information of interest and are frequently used in search queries. Although named entities can be detected reliably from textual content, extracting relations among them is more challenging, yet useful in various applications (e.g. news recommending systems). In this paper, we present a novel model and system for learning semantic relations among named entities from collections of news articles...
November 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893367/interactive-crowd-behavior-learning-for-surveillance-and-training
#12
Aniket Bera, Sujeong Kim, Dinesh Manocha
The proposed interactive crowd-behavior learning algorithms can be used to analyze crowd videos for surveillance and training applications. The authors' formulation combines online tracking algorithms from computer vision, nonlinear pedestrian motion models from computer graphics, and machine learning techniques to automatically compute trajectory-level pedestrian behaviors for each agent in the video. These learned behaviors are used to automatically detect anomalous behaviors, perform motion segmentation, and generate realistic behaviors for virtual reality training applications...
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893185/women-s-pathways-to-abortion-care-in-south-carolina-a-qualitative-study-of-obstacles-and-supports
#13
Judy Margo, Lois McCloskey, Gouri Gupte, Melanie Zurek, Seema Bhakta, Emily Feinberg
CONTEXT: Women seeking timely and affordable abortion care may face myriad challenges, including high out-of-pocket costs, transportation demands, scheduling difficulties and stigma. State-level regulations may exacerbate these burdens and impede women's access to a full range of care. Women's reports of their experiences can inform efforts to improve pathways to abortion care. METHODS: In 2014, semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 45 women obtaining abortions in South Carolina, which has a restrictive abortion environment...
November 28, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890046/investigation-of-training-and-support-needs-in-rural-and-remote-disability-and-mainstream-service-providers-implications-for-an-online-training-model
#14
Genevieve Johnsson, Rachel Kerslake, Sarah Crook, Corinne Cribb
Objectives It is known that there are difficulties in recruiting and retaining practitioners in rural and remote communities and that access to support and professional development can be key in breaking this cycle. Technology provides a possible solution not only for increasing access to these opportunities, but also in building community capacity to support children with autism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the current learning and support needs within rural and remote professionals prior to setting up a model of support...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886184/a-view-of-the-current-and-future-role-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-the-management-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#15
REVIEW
U Schmidt-Erfurth, S Klimscha, S M Waldstein, H Bogunović
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an established diagnostic technology in the clinical management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). OCT is being used for primary diagnosis, evaluation of therapeutic efficacy, and long-term monitoring. Computer-based advances in image analysis provide complementary imaging tools such as OCT angiography, further novel automated analysis methods as well as feature detection and prediction of prognosis in disease and therapy by machine learning. In early AMD, pathognomonic features such as drusen, pseudodrusen, and abnormalities of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) can be imaged in a qualitative and quantitative way to identify early signs of disease activity and define the risk of progression...
November 25, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#16
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880735/automatic-3d-liver-segmentation-based-on-deep-learning-and-globally-optimized-surface-evolution
#17
Peijun Hu, Fa Wu, Jialin Peng, Ping Liang, Dexing Kong
The detection and delineation of the liver from abdominal 3D computed tomography (CT) images are fundamental tasks in computer-assisted liver surgery planning. However, automatic and accurate segmentation, especially liver detection, remains challenging due to complex backgrounds, ambiguous boundaries, heterogeneous appearances and highly varied shapes of the liver. To address these difficulties, we propose an automatic segmentation framework based on 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) and globally optimized surface evolution...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879425/clinical-teaching-and-supervision-in-postgraduate-psychiatry-training-the-trainee-perspective
#18
Alice Stephan, Gary Cheung
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore psychiatry trainees' perspectives on clinical teaching and supervision as well as how this might be improved. METHOD: New Zealand trainees (n=51) completed online the Maastricht Clinical Teaching Questionnaire (MCQT) and three open-ended questions. RESULTS: The majority rated 'agree' or 'strongly agree' to all items of the MCQT. Weaknesses in the feedback process including observation, feedback provision, and formulating learning goals were highlighted...
November 22, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879112/machine-learning-of-swimming-data-via-wisdom-of-crowd-and-regression-analysis
#19
Jiang Xie, Junfu Xu, Celine Nie, Qing Nie
Every performance, in an officially sanctioned meet, by a registered USA swimmer is recorded into an online database with times dating back to 1980. For the first time, statistical analysis and machine learning methods are systematically applied to 4,022,631 swim records. In this study, we investigate performance features for all strokes as a function of age and gender. The variances in performance of males and females for different ages and strokes were studied, and the correlations of performances for different ages were estimated using the Pearson correlation...
April 1, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876790/stress-induces-a-shift-towards-striatum-dependent-stimulus-response-learning-via-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor
#20
Susanne Vogel, Floris Klumpers, Tobias Navarro Schröder, Krista T Oplaat, Harm J Krugers, Melly S Oitzl, Marian Joëls, Christian F Doeller, Guillén Fernández
Stress is assumed to cause a shift from flexible 'cognitive' memory to more rigid 'habit' memory. In the spatial memory domain, stress impairs place learning depending on the hippocampus whereas stimulus-response learning based on the striatum appears to be improved. While the neural basis of this shift is still unclear, previous evidence in rodents points towards cortisol interacting with the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) to affect amygdala functioning. The amygdala is in turn assumed to orchestrate the stress-induced shift in memory processing...
November 23, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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