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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792336/evaluation-of-a-national-neurosurgical-formative-examination-the-uk-experience
#1
Ian Anderson, Robert Corns, Simon Thomson
INTRODUCTION: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. In this paper, we seek to discuss how well NAiTE relates to established educational practice and principles and its fitness for purpose by discussing its rationale, structure and utility...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790658/faculty-development-for-junior-health-professionals
#2
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for faculty development programmes designed to help junior health professionals fulfill their multiple roles, across various institutions, is widely acknowledged. Such programmes are usually logistically difficult for hospital clinicians to access, however, and are discipline based. In 2017, we collaborated with four health care faculties to develop a blended learning, interprofessional faculty development programme that was up to date, relevant, and accessible to clinicians working in the hospital and university settings...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790123/language-experience-shapes-relational-knowledge-of-compound-words
#3
Daniel Schmidtke, Christina L Gagné, Victor Kuperman, Thomas L Spalding
Prior studies of noun-noun compound word processing have provided insight into the human capacity for conceptual combination (Gagné and Shoben Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23(1), 71 1997; Spalding, Gagné, Mullaly & Ji Linguistische Berichte Sonderheft, 17, 283-315 2010). These studies conclude that relational interpretations of compound words are proposed and appraised by the language system during online word recognition. However, little is known about how the capacity for creating new meanings from existing conceptual units develops within an individual mind...
May 22, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789278/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-tailored-e-learning-program-for-practice-nurses-to-improve-their-adherence-to-smoking-cessation-counseling-guidelines-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Dennis de Ruijter, Math Candel, Eline Suzanne Smit, Hein de Vries, Ciska Hoving
BACKGROUND: Improving practice nurses' (PN) adherence to smoking cessation counseling guidelines will benefit the quality of smoking cessation care and will potentially lead to higher smoking abstinence rates. However, support programs to aid PNs in improving their guideline uptake and adherence do not exist yet. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a novel computer-tailored electronic learning (e-learning) program on PNs' smoking cessation guideline adherence...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789099/building-capacity-for-change-evaluation-of-an-organisation-wide-leadership-development-program
#5
Tim Schultz, Jodie Shoobridge, Gill Harvey, Libby Carter, Alison Kitson
Objective. This study evaluated Leading 4 Change, a change leadership development program designed to support healthcare middle managers through a period of significant organisational change and enhance workplace resilience. Methods. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted within the program's framework of a quality improvement activity. Quantitative measures were participant responses (n=160) to online questionnaires, which were compared before and after the program, using an uncontrolled pre-post study design...
May 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788928/residents-breastfeeding-knowledge-comfort-practices-and-perceptions-results-of-the-breastfeeding-resident-education-study-brest
#6
Elizabeth Esselmont, Katherine Moreau, Mary Aglipay, Catherine M Pound
BACKGROUND: Physicians have a significant impact on new mothers' breastfeeding practices. However, physicians' breastfeeding knowledge is suboptimal. This knowledge deficit could be the result of limited breastfeeding education in residency. This study aimed to explore pediatric residents' breastfeeding knowledge, comfort level, clinical practices, and perceptions. It also investigated the level and type of education residents receive on breastfeeding and their preferences for improving it...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788136/an-experimental-evaluation-of-the-benefits-and-costs-of-providing-fertility-information-to-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#7
J Boivin, E Koert, T Harris, L O'Shea, A Perryman, K Parker, C Harrison
STUDY QUESTION: Does the provision of fertility (compared to control) information affect fertility-related knowledge, perceived threat of infertility, anxiety, physical stress and fertility plans in adolescents and emerging adults? SUMMARY ANSWER: The provision of fertility information was associated with increased fertility knowledge (emerging adults) and greater infertility threat (adolescents and emerging adults). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: According to fertility education research, adolescents and emerging adults know less than they should know about fertility topics...
May 17, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786023/near-peer-assisted-learning-to-improve-confidence-for-medical-students-situational-judgment-tests
#8
Naomi Gostelow, Germander Soothill, Seema Vawda, David Annan
Background: The situational judgment test (SJT) was introduced for all graduating United Kingdom medical students in 2013. Students have anxiety over time pressures and heavy weighting of a single examination. Aims: This study aimed to examine formal SJT preparation available, perceptions of a near peer-delivered course, and to measure improvement in students' confidence. Innovation: Foundation doctors ( first 2 years of postgraduate training) produced a "Situational Judgment Test Preparation Course" in November 2015...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785844/regularity-extraction-across-species-associative-learning-mechanisms-shared-by-human-and-non-human-primates
#9
Arnaud Rey, Laure Minier, Raphaëlle Malassis, Louisa Bogaerts, Joël Fagot
Extracting the regularities of our environment is a core cognitive ability in human and non-human primates. Comparative studies may provide information of strong heuristic value to constrain the elaboration of computational models of regularity learning. This study illustrates this point by testing human and non-human primates (Guinea baboons, Papio papio) with the same experimental paradigm, using a novel online learning measure. For local co-occurrence regularities, we found similar patterns of regularity extraction in baboons and humans...
May 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784161/surgeon-perspectives-on-learning-ab-interno-gelatin-microstent-implantation
#10
Andrei-Alexandru Szigiato, Simrenjeet Sandhu, Gokulan Ratnarajan, Michael W Dorey, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the surgeon's learning experience with an ab-interno gelatin microstent (XEN-45, Allergan) to other glaucoma surgeries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. METHODS: All surgeons in Canada who used the gelatin microstent were identified and given an anonymous online survey (FluidSurveys, Survey Monkey) designed to evaluate key factors associated with the device, including prior surgical experience, patient selection criteria, analysis of each surgical step, and postoperative care...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781135/non-adjacent-dependencies-processing-in-human-and-non-human-primates
#11
Raphaëlle Malassis, Arnaud Rey, Joël Fagot
Human and non-human primates share the ability to extract adjacent dependencies and, under certain conditions, non-adjacent dependencies (i.e., predictive relationships between elements that are separated by one or several intervening elements in a sequence). In this study, we explore the online extraction dynamics of non-adjacent dependencies in humans and baboons using a serial reaction time task. Participants had to produce three-target sequences containing deterministic relationships between the first and last target locations...
May 20, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#12
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779623/educating-emergency-department-staff-on-the-identification-and-treatment-of-human-trafficking-victims
#13
Steven Donahue, Michael Schwien, Danielle LaVallee
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is one of the few circumstances in which the lives of trafficking victims intersect with the general population. Based on survivor testimonies, the majority of human trafficking victims may receive medical treatment in a hospital's emergency department while in captivity. With evidenced-based training, ED personnel have a better opportunity to screen persons who are being trafficked and intervene on their behalf. METHODS: This project examined the efficacy of an innovative, evidence-based online training module (HTEmergency...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#14
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775775/knowledge-and-learning-of-verb-biases-in-amnesia
#15
Rachel Ryskin, Zhenghan Qi, Natalie V Covington, Melissa Duff, Sarah Brown-Schmidt
Verb bias-the co-occurrence frequencies between a verb and the syntactic structures it may appear with-is a critical and reliable linguistic cue for online sentence processing. In particular, listeners use this information to disambiguate sentences with multiple potential syntactic parses (e.g., Feel the frog with the feather.). Further, listeners dynamically update their representations of specific verbs in the face of new evidence about verb-structure co-occurrence. Yet, little is known about the biological memory systems that support the use and dynamic updating of verb bias...
May 15, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774264/development-of-a-health-promotion-programme-to-improve-awareness-of-factors-that-affect-fertility-and-evaluation-of-its-reach-in-the-first-5-years
#16
Karin Hammarberg, Robert J Norman, Sarah Robertson, Robert McLachlan, Janet Michelmore, Louise Johnson
Awareness among people of reproductive age about the factors that influence fertility and reproductive outcomes, including medically assisted reproduction outcomes, is generally low. To improve awareness about the potentially modifiable factors that affect fertility and reproductive outcomes, 'Your Fertility', a fertility health promotion programme funded by the Australian Government, was established in 2011. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the reach of the Your Fertility programme from its inception in 2011 to June 2016...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#17
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772943/school-nurses-management-and-collaborative-practices-for-student-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#18
Michelle L Weber, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tamara Valovich McLeod
The purpose of this study was to examine school nurses' management and collaboration with health-care providers (HCPs) for student-athletes following a concussion. Secondary school nurses accessed an online survey titled the Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (access rate = 15.6%; n = 1,246/8,000). Approximately 40% of schools where nurses were employed administered baseline and postinjury concussion assessments. No significant differences were found between employment model (single vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771997/core-neurological-examination-items-for-neurology-clerks-a-modified-delphi-study-with-a-grass-roots-approach
#19
Chi-Hung Liu, Li-Ling Hsu, Cheng-Ting Hsiao, Suh-Ing Hsieh, Chun-Wei Chang, Elaine Shinwei Huang, Yeu-Jhy Chang
BACKGROUND: With the evolution of treatments for neurological diseases, the contents of core neurological examinations (NEs) for medical students may need to be modified. We aimed to establish a consensus on the core NE items for neurology clerks and compare viewpoints between different groups of panelists. METHODS: First, a pilot group proposed the core contents of NEs for neurology clerks. The proposed core NE items were then subject to a modified web-based Delphi process using the online software "SurveyMonkey"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771677/learning-based-adaptive-optimal-tracking-control-of-strict-feedback-nonlinear-systems
#20
Weinan Gao, Zhong-Ping Jiang
This paper proposes a novel data-driven control approach to address the problem of adaptive optimal tracking for a class of nonlinear systems taking the strict-feedback form. Adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) and nonlinear output regulation theories are integrated for the first time to compute an adaptive near-optimal tracker without any a priori knowledge of the system dynamics. Fundamentally different from adaptive optimal stabilization problems, the solution to a Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation, not necessarily a positive definite function, cannot be approximated through the existing iterative methods...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
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