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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231286/lexicon-enhanced-sentiment-analysis-framework-using-rule-based-classification-scheme
#1
Muhammad Zubair Asghar, Aurangzeb Khan, Shakeel Ahmad, Maria Qasim, Imran Ali Khan
With the rapid increase in social networks and blogs, the social media services are increasingly being used by online communities to share their views and experiences about a particular product, policy and event. Due to economic importance of these reviews, there is growing trend of writing user reviews to promote a product. Nowadays, users prefer online blogs and review sites to purchase products. Therefore, user reviews are considered as an important source of information in Sentiment Analysis (SA) applications for decision making...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230439/developing-an-e-learning-resource-for-nurse-airway-assistants-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Peter Hersey, Sean McAleer
The aims of this project were to determine the required competencies for a nurse in the emergency department assisting with a rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia (RSI), and to produce a relevant e-learning resource. A three-round multidisciplinary Delphi process produced the following competencies: ability to describe the steps and sequence of events of an RSI, familiarity with the equipment used during an RSI, ability to recognise and help manage problems occurring during an RSI, ability to prepare for an RSI, ability to apply cricoid pressure, and understanding the modification of an RSI in special circumstances...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230072/improved-social-interaction-recognition-and-working-memory-with-cannabidiol-treatment-in-a-prenatal-infection-poly-i-c-rat-model
#3
Ashleigh L Osborne, Nadia Solowij, Ilijana Babic, Xu-Feng Huang, Katrina Weston-Green
Neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia are associated with cognitive impairment, including learning, memory and attention deficits. Antipsychotic drugs are limited in their efficacy to improve cognition; therefore, new therapeutic agents are required. Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-intoxicating component of cannabis, has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antipsychotic-like properties, however, its ability to improve the cognitive deficits of schizophrenia remains unclear. Using a prenatal infection model, we examined the effect of chronic CBD treatment on cognition and social interaction...
February 23, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227913/online-learning-of-gait-models-for-calculation-of-gait-parameters
#4
Jamie L S Waugh, Anton Trinh, Ryan R Mohammed, William E McIlroy, Dana Kulic, Jamie L S Waugh, Anton Trinh, Ryan R Mohammed, William E McIlroy, Dana Kulic, Jamie L S Waugh, Dana Kulic, Anton Trinh, William E McIlroy, Ryan R Mohammed
This paper proposes a novel approach for gait analysis from wearable sensing, based on an adaptive periodic model of any gait signal. The proposed method learns a model of the gait cycle during online measurement, using a continuous representation that can adapt to inter and intra-personal variability by creating an individualized model. Once the algorithm has converged to the input signal, key gait events can be identified relative to the estimated gait phase; these events can then be used to calculate gait parameters...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227651/adaptive-control-of-powered-transfemoral-prostheses-based-on-adaptive-dynamic-programming
#5
Yue Wen, Ming Liu, Jennie Si, He Helen Huang, Yue Wen, Ming Liu, Jennie Si, He Huang, He Helen Huang, Yue Wen, Ming Liu, Jennie Si
In this study, we developed and tested a novel adaptive controller for powered transfemoral prostheses. Adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) was implemented within the prosthesis control to complement the existing finite state impedance control (FS-IC) in a prototypic active-transfemoral prosthesis (ATP). The ADP controller interacts with the human user-prosthesis system, observes the prosthesis user's dynamic states during walking, and learns to personalize user performance properties via online adaptation to meet the individual user's objectives...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227563/a-study-on-the-effect-of-multisensory-stimulation-in-behaving-rats
#6
Marianna Semprini, Fabio Boi, Valter Tucci, Alessandro Vato, Marianna Semprini, Fabio Boi, Valter Tucci, Alessandro Vato, Fabio Boi, Valter Tucci, Marianna Semprini, Alessandro Vato
This study explored the psychophysical effects of intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) coupled to auditory stimulation during a behavioral detection task in rats. ICMS directed to the sensory areas of the cortex can be instrumental in facilitating operant conditioning behavior. Moreover, multisensory stimulation promotes learning by enabling the subject to access multiple information channels. However, the extent to which multisensory information can be used as a cue to make decisions has not been fully understood...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226642/adaptive-myoelectric-pattern-recognition-for-arm-movement-in-different-positions-using-advanced-online-sequential-extreme-learning-machine
#7
Khairul Anam, Adel Al-Jumaily, Khairul Anam, Adel Al-Jumaily, Adel Al-Jumaily, Khairul Anam
The performance of the myoelectric pattern recognition system sharply decreases when working in various limb positions. The issue can be solved by cumbersome training procedure that can anticipate all possible future situations. However, this procedure will sacrifice the comfort of the user. In addition, many unpredictable scenarios may be met in the future. This paper proposed a new adaptive myoelectric pattern recognition using advance online sequential extreme learning (AOS-ELM) for classification of the hand movements to five different positions...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225733/supporting-the-call-to-action-a-review-of-nutrition-educational-interventions-in-the-health-professions-literature-and-mededportal
#8
Timothy M Dang, Lauren A Maggio
PURPOSE: Despite calls to improve nutrition education, training for medical students is inadequate. This systematic review provides an overview of published educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals and makes recommendations for improving nutrition training. METHOD: The authors conducted a systematic review of articles (through July 16, 2015) and examined resources in MedEdPORTAL (through September 28, 2015) focused on materials published since January 2004 that describe nutrition educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225705/virtual-mentoring-program-within-an-online-doctoral-nursing-education-program-a-phenomenological-study
#9
Susan Welch
The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of doctoral nursing education students who participated in a virtual mentoring program. A phenomenological design was used to enable the researchers to gain an understanding of the research phenomenon. The three patterns that emerged during the study were Confirmation of Mentoring, Building Communities, and Learning the Role of Doctoral Student. Under the pattern of Confirmation of Mentoring were the themes of Receiving Academic Support and Receiving Personal Support...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223958/children-and-adults-both-learn-motor-sequences-quickly-but-do-so-differently
#10
Yue Du, Nadia C Valentini, Min J Kim, Jill Whitall, Jane E Clark
Both children and adults can learn motor sequences quickly in one learning session, yet little is known about potential age-related processes that underlie this fast sequence acquisition. Here, we examined the progressive performance changes in a one-session modified serial reaction time task in 6- and 10-year-old children and adults. We found that rapid sequence learning, as reflected by reaction time (RT), was comparable between groups. The learning was expressed through two behavioral processes: online progressive changes in RT while the task was performed in a continuous manner and offline changes in RT that emerged following a short rest...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223855/perception-of-educational-value-in-clinical-rotations-by-medical-students
#11
David A Kandiah
AIM: Clinical teaching in Australian medical schools has changed to meet the needs of substantially increased medical student cohorts. As such, formal feedback from these student cohorts is needed about the value they place on the educational input from each clinical rotation. This study aims to determine which aspects of clinical placements are most educationally useful to medical students. METHODS: In this study, final year medical students from the University of Western Australia (UWA) were surveyed via an anonymous online questionnaire, identifying which clinical placements were found to be the most and the least useful to their learning and the positive aspects of these placements...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222927/coping-with-the-enduring-unpredictability-of-opioid-addiction-an-investigation-of-a-novel-family-focused-peer-support-organization
#12
John F Kelly, Nilo Fallah-Sohy, Julie Cristello, Brandon Bergman
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a major public health crisis. While efforts have focused mostly on helping opioid-addicted individuals directly, family members suffer also from the grave and enduring unpredictability associated with opioid addiction and often play a vital role in helping addicted loved ones access care. Little is known, however, about resources to help affected family members. Here we describe results from the first quantitative and qualitative investigation of a free and growing support organization for family members of addicted individuals ("Learn to Cope" [LTC]; www...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222299/adaptive-low-rank-subspace-learning-with-online-optimization-for-robust-visual-tracking
#13
Risheng Liu, Di Wang, Yuzhuo Han, Xin Fan, Zhongxuan Luo
In recent years, sparse and low-rank models have been widely used to formulate appearance subspace for visual tracking. However, most existing methods only consider the sparsity or low-rankness of the coefficients, which is not sufficient enough for appearance subspace learning on complex video sequences. Moreover, as both the low-rank and the column sparse measures are tightly related to all the samples in the sequences, it is challenging to incrementally solve optimization problems with both nuclear norm and column sparse norm on sequentially obtained video data...
February 10, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221057/-understanding-the-neural-basis-of-cognitive-bias-modification-as-a-clinical-treatment-for-depression-correction-to-eguchi-et-al-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Understanding the neural basis of cognitive bias modification as a clinical treatment for depression" by Akihiro Eguchi, Daniel Walters, Nele Peerenboom, Hannah Dury, Elaine Fox and Simon Stringer (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 19, 2016, np). In the article, there was an error in the Discussion section's first paragraph for Implications and Future Work. The in-text reference citation for Penton-Voak et al. (2013) was incorrectly listed as "Blumenfeld, Preminger, Sagi, and Tsodyks (2006)"...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220796/beyond-the-classic-vta-extended-amygdala-projections-to-da-striatal-paths-in-the-primate
#15
Julie L Fudge, Emily A Kelly, Ria Pal, Joseph L Bedont, Lydia Park, Brian Ho
The central extended amygdala (CEA) has been conceptualized as a 'macrosystem' that regulates various stress-induced behaviors. Consistent with this, the CEA highly expresses corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), an important modulator of stress responses. Stress alters goal-directed responses associated with striatal paths, including maladaptive responses such as drug seeking, social withdrawal, and compulsive behavior. CEA inputs to the midbrain dopamine (DA) system are positioned to influence striatal functions through mesolimbic DA-striatal pathways...
February 21, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215543/the-mediating-role-of-child-self-regulation-of-eating-in-the-relationship-between-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward-and-child-emotional-overeating
#16
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Daphne Hernandez
Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating. Yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215386/learning-about-and-using-research-evidence-among-public-health-practitioners
#17
Rebekah R Jacob, Peg M Allen, Linda J Ahrendt, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Funders and accreditation standards increasingly call on state and local public health agencies to use the best available science. Using research evidence is a key process in practicing evidence-based decision making (EBDM). This study explored preferences for and uses of research evidence, and examined correlates regarding frequency of use. METHODS: In 2014, eligible staff from 12 state health departments and their partnering agencies were invited to complete an online self-report questionnaire and achieved an 82% response rate (1,237/1,509)...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#18
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209560/from-the-experience-of-interactivity-and-entertainment-to-lower-intention-to-smoke-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-path-analysis-of-a-web-based-smoking-prevention-program-for-adolescents
#19
Georges Elias Khalil, Hua Wang, Karen Sue Calabro, Natasha Mitra, Ross Shegog, Alexander V Prokhorov
BACKGROUND: Web-based programs for smoking prevention are being increasingly used with some success among adolescents. However, little is known about the mechanisms that link the experience of such programs to intended nicotine or tobacco control outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Based on the experiential learning theory and extended elaboration likelihood model, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of a Web-based intervention, A Smoking Prevention Interactive Experience (ASPIRE), on adolescents' intention to smoke, while considering the experience of interactivity and entertainment as predictors of reduced intention to smoke, under a transitional user experience model...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207980/questioning-skills-of-clinical-facilitators-supporting-undergraduate-nursing-students
#20
Nicole M Phillips, Maxine M Duke, Rona Weerasuriya
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report on a study investigating questioning skills of clinical facilitators who support the learning of undergraduate nursing students. BACKGROUND: The ability to think critically is integral to decision-making and the provision of safe and quality patient care. Developing students' critical thinking skills is expected of those who supervise and facilitate student learning in the clinical setting. Models used to facilitate student learning in the clinical setting have changed over the years with clinicians having dual responsibility for patient care and facilitating student learning...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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