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Esophageal strictures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792718/fixation-of-biomaterial-to-metallic-stent-and-fixation-of-stents-after-circular-endoscopic-dissection-in-the-esophagus-on-an-animal-model
#1
R Dolezel, B Walterová, S Juhas, O Ryska, J Juhásová, Z Vacková, J Krajciova, J Král, J Martínek
INTRODUCTION: Complete circular endoscopic (submucosal) resection (CER) performed using the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique is burdened with a high incidence of post-operative strictures in the esophagus. The most effective method of preventing them is not known so far; one of the possible methods is to prevent these strictures directly at the site of their formation by covering the defect with a stent. The aim of the study was to find a way to fix a selected biomaterial to a stent, and subsequently, to fix the stent at the CER site to prevent esophageal strictures in an animal model...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788901/recurrent-esophageal-stricture-from-previous-caustic-ingestion-treated-with-40-year-self-dilation-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
C Gambardella, A Allaria, G Siciliano, C Mauriello, R Patrone, N Avenia, A Polistena, A Sanguinetti, S Napolitano, G Conzo
BACKGROUND: Corrosive esophageal strictures are common. The severity of the strictures depends on type, quantity, duration of contact and concentration of the caustic substance ingested. Endoscopic balloon dilation and endoscopic bougienage are a cornerstone in the management of the benign esophageal strictures and are the most widely used treatments, but are expensive and invasive procedures. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an 82-year-old patient with a corrosive esophageal stricture treated for over 40 years by means of home self-bougienage...
May 22, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786579/operative-treatment-of-corrosive-esophageal-strictures
#3
Volodymyr O Shaprynskyi, Yevhen V Shaprynskyi, Yaroslav V Karyi, Serhii A Lysenko, Oleg O Vorovskyi, Andrii I Semenenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays operative treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures remains one of the difficult and unsolved problems in surgery. The level of postoperative complications such as anastomotic leak (develops in 7-30% of cases), infections, pneumonia, pleural empyema, mediastinitis, peritonitis, postoperative corrosive strictures is still rather high. The aim of our work was to improve the results of surgical treatment of patients with corrosive esophageal strictures by analyzing and refining on conservative therapy options as well as differentiated approach to each operative treatment method...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781545/preventive-measures-against-stricture-after-esophageal-esd-halfway-through-the-journey-to-the-best-method
#4
EDITORIAL
Yosuke Tsuji, Yoshiki Sakaguchi, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Kazuhiko Koike
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophageal neoplasms with negligible risk of nodal metastasis has become standard treatment. A large tumor or a lesion with submucosal fibrosis can be resected with ESD in an en block manner. Moreover, ESD allows accurate histopathological diagnosis and reduces the risk of local recurrence. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 21, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779221/nasojejunal-stent-technique-njst-a-new-system-to-prevent-fully-covered-metal-stent-migration-in-the-treatment-of-benign-esophageal-diseases
#5
Oscar Víctor Hernández Mondragón, Raquel Palos Cuellar, Enrique Murcio Pérez
Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMS) have been used for the treatment of benign esophageal conditions such as perforation, leaks, and strictures [1]; high clinical success is reported [2]. Different anchoring methods have been described (clips, suturing devices, over-the-scope clips and Shim technique [2]), because of high migration rates (4-36%) [3,4]. However, not all cases are candidates, mostly in "difficult" cases where enteral feeding is needed [5]. We report the use of the nasojejunal-stent technique (NJST) to prevent migration of FCSEMS in three difficult cases...
May 19, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768079/the-spectrum-of-surgical-remediation-of-transoral-incisionless-fundoplication-related-failures
#6
Ruchir Puri, C Daniel Smith, Steven P Bowers
AIM: To evaluate outcomes of surgical remediation for symptomatic or anatomic failure after a transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF). METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 11 patients who underwent a remedial operation following TIF failure between June 2011 and September 2016 at the Mayo Clinic in Florida for persistent foregut symptoms. Upper gastrointestinal workup characterized 1 patient as having normal post-TIF anatomy and 10 as having anatomic failure...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761324/temporary-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-in-post-gastrectomy-complications
#7
Hyun Jin Oh, Chul-Hyun Lim, Seung Bae Yoon, Han Hee Lee, Jin Su Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND: Self-expandable metallic stents in the upper gastrointestinal tract are used for treating malignant esophageal or gastroduodenal outlet obstructions and fistulas. Recently, self-expandable metallic stent use has been expanded to benign esophageal or gastroduodenal strictures and post-operative complications. However, there is scarce data available regarding efficacy, long-term complications, and outcomes with the use of self-expandable metallic stent in benign disease, especially post-gastrectomy complications...
May 14, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759332/sunset-stereotactic-radiation-for-ultracentral-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-safety-and-efficacy-trial
#8
Meredith Giuliani, Ashwathy S Mathew, Houda Bahig, Scott V Bratman, Edith Filion, Daniel Glick, Alexander V Louie, Srinivas Raman, Anand Swaminath, Andrew Warner, Vivian Yau, David Palma
BACKGROUND: Lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is considered a standard curative treatment for medically inoperable early stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with ultracentral tumors (signifying tumors whose planning target volume touches or overlaps the central bronchial tree, esophagus, or pulmonary artery) may be at higher risk of serious toxicities such as bronchial stricture and collapse, esophageal strictures, tracheal-esophageal fistula, and hemorrhage. The primary objective of the study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of radiotherapy for ultracentral NSCLC...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750984/liquid-nitrogen-spray-cryotherapy-for-dysphagia-palliation-in-patients-with-inoperable-esophageal-cancer
#9
Toufic Kachaamy, Ravi Prakash, Madappa Kundranda, Raman Batish, Jeffrey Weber, Scott Hendrickson, Leon Yoder, Hannah Do, Theresa Magat, Rajeev Nayar, Digant Gupta, Trisha DaSilva, Ashish Sangal, Shivangi Kothari, Vivek Kaul, Pankaj Vashi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysphagia is a debilitating symptom in patients with inoperable esophageal cancer contributing to poor quality of life and worsening nutritional status. The 2 most commonly used palliative modalities for dysphagia are radiation therapy (RT) and esophageal stent placement. However, RT is limited by adverse events (AEs) and total dose, and stent placement has a high rate of AEs including reflux, migration, and chest pain. A relatively new modality of liquid nitrogen endoscopic spray cryotherapy has been described as salvage when other options have been exhausted and when patients are no longer receiving systemic therapy...
May 8, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747950/esophagectomy-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-a-viable-option
#10
Michael Mwachiro, Eric Mitchell, Hillary M Topazian, Russell White
The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency virus (AIDS) who had esophagectomy done for both benign and malignant conditions. A retrospective chart review of patients with HIV and AIDS undergoing esophagectomy at a rural referral hospital was done for the period of 2009-2014. Patient postoperative complications, outcomes, and follow-up data were charted. All procedures were done by a single lead surgeon. Nine patients met the study criteria, 7 of whom had esophageal cancer, and 2 with strictures...
April 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746423/total-pharyngo-esophageal-stenosis-a-new-surgical-procedure-using-modified-retrograde-transillumination-approach
#11
Jerome R Lechien, Giovanni Dapri, Sven Saussez
We performed a modified combined anterograde-retrograde dilatation in a 60-year-old woman with complete pharyngo-esophageal stricture (PES). With a large endoscopic view from the upper (laryngoscope) and lower (pediatric gastroscope introduced via gastrostomy tube) parts of the PES, the approach consisted of a retrograde puncture of the complete PES by transillumination to take the guide coming from the pediatric endoscope. The guide was pulled through the mouth and the PES dilatation was made using successive boogies of various diameters through the guide...
May 9, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740616/anastomotic-strictures-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-timing-of-dilatation-during-the-first-two-postoperative-years
#12
Martin Salö, Pernilla Stenström, Magnus Anderberg, Einar Arnbjörnsson
Background  We determined time frames for dilatation of anastomotic strictures (ASs) occurring during the first 2 years after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Methods  A retrospective study was conducted on children with EA (Gross type C) who underwent direct repair between January 2008 and March 2015 at a single tertiary center of pediatric surgery. Endoscopic signs of stricture were indications for dilatation because the endoscopy provides more reliable information than X-ray imagining methods. Results  Among our cohort of 49 children with EA, 19 (39%) required at least one esophageal dilatation...
April 2018: Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736832/autologous-flap-transfer-for-esophageal-stricture-prevention-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-a-porcine-model
#13
Airong Tang, Cuiyun Ma, Pei Deng, Hanqing Zhang, Yang Xu, Min Min, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stricture caused by endoscopic submucosal dissection for a mucosal defect that covers more than three quarters of the circumference of the esophagus has a high incidence. To date, no method for preventing such strictures has been widely recognized as effective in clinical practice. AIMS: We examined whether esophageal stricture caused by circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection could be prevented by autologous flap transfer. METHODS: Six pigs (N = 6) underwent circumferential esophageal endoscopic submucosal dissection under general anesthesia...
May 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720850/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-superficial-esophageal-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Maximilien Barret, Frédéric Prat
Endoscopy allows for the screening, early diagnosis, treatment and follow up of superficial esophageal cancer. Endoscopic submucosal dissection has become the gold standard for the resection of superficial squamous cell neoplasia. Combinations of endoscopic mucosal resection and radiofrequency ablation are the mainstay of the management of Barrett's associated neoplasia. However, protruded, non-lifting or large lesions may be better managed by endoscopic submucosal dissection. Novel ablation tools, such as argon plasma coagulation with submucosal lifting and cryoablation balloons, are being developed for the treatment of residual Barrett's esophagus, since iatrogenic strictures still hamper the development of extensive circumferential resections in the esophagus...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718161/outcome-of-long-benign-esophageal-strictures-undergoing-endoscopictherapy-a-tertiary-center-experience
#15
M Pang, M J Bartel, E C Brand, B Brahmbhatt, K Patel, C R Simons-Linares, H C Wolfsen, M Raimondo, M B Wallace, T A Woodward
Complex benign esophageal strictures are defined by length (≥2 cm), small diameter, and stricture angulation or tortuosity. The long-term course of complex esophageal strictures based on length is currently unclear. We suspect that the esophageal stricture length might impact the effectiveness of endoscopic dilation therapy. We performed a retrospective study of all benign esophageal strictures of 2 cm or longer treated at a single center between July 1, 2010, and May 31, 2014. Primary outcomes were changed in dysphagia score at the end of follow-up compared to first dilation at our facility and the need for gastrostomy placement or esophagectomy during follow-up...
May 1, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704471/transplantation-of-autologous-esophageal-mucosa-to-prevent-stricture-after-circumferential-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-early-esophageal-cancer-with-video
#16
ZhongLi Liao, GuoBin Liao, Xin Yang, Xue Peng, Xia Zhang, Xia Xie, XiaoYan Zhao, ShiMing Yang, ChaoQiang Fan, JianYing Bai
BACKGROUD AND STUDY AIMS: Esophageal stricture is a common adverse event after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) when it involves entire circumference of esophagus. We aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic transplantation of autologous esophageal mucosa in preventing stricture formation after circumferential ESD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nine patients who underwent circumferential ESD for early esophageal cancer were enrolled. After undergoing ESD, autologous esophageal mucosal patches were attached to the "ulcer surface" using hemoclips and then fixed with a covered metal mesh stent...
April 25, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702113/hoarseness-of-voice-after-endoscopic-dilation-of-an-esophageal-stricture
#17
Ashraf Abushahin, Robert R Lorenz, Amit Bhatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700481/the-natural-course-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-long-term-consequences-of-undiagnosed-disease-in-a-large-cohort
#18
Marijn J Warners, Renske A B Oude Nijhuis, Laetitia R H de Wijkerslooth, Andreas J P M Smout, Albert J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic esophageal inflammation that may lead to stricture formation. This narrowing can cause major complications including food impactions. Despite increasing interest in EoE accurate data on its natural course is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the natural course of EoE and to evaluate the association between undiagnosed disease and the occurrence of complications over two decades in a large cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed charts of patients diagnosed with EoE between 1996 and 2015, collected from 15 hospitals throughout the Netherlands...
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697686/-hardware-anastomosis-in-stomach-cancer-surgery
#19
V A Solodky, V D Chkhikvadze, S V Goncharov, B L Lygdynova, E A Shuinova, U S Stanoyevich, I V Rakhmangulov
AIM: To choose optimal technique of esophagojejunostomy in stomach cancer regarding reliability, functionality and simplicity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 145 patients with stomach cancer grade I-IV were enrolled. They were divided into 2 groups depending on the type of the anastomosis (manual or hardware). RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups in the incidence of anastomosis failure, anastomotic stricture and reflux-esophagitis in long-term postoperative period...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697551/cutting-edge-treatment-for-benign-pediatric-esophageal-strictures-a-step-forward-more-to-go
#20
Jacob Mark, Michael R Narkewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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