Read by QxMD icon Read

Esophageal strictures

Zhi-Peng Qi, Tao Chen, Bing Li, Zhong Ren, Li-Qing Yao, Qiang Shi, Shi-Lun Cai, Yun-Shi Zhong, Ping-Hong Zhou
BACKGROUND: According to the Japanese Esophageal Society (JES) guidelines, early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) involving the muscularis mucosae (M3) or upper submucosal (SM1) layers are relative indications for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Additional esophagectomy or chemoradiotherapy is recommended for patients with relative indications after evaluation. However, elderly patients (≥ 60 years) with relative indications in China often refuse additional treatment because of the debilitating side effects...
March 16, 2018: Endoscopy
Tomoki Shimizu, Junko Fujisaki, Masami Omae, Akira Yamasaki, Yusuke Horiuchi, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: In recent years, effective outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophagogastric junction cancer including short-segment Barrett's esophagus (SSBE) cancer have been reported. However, the efficacy of ESD for long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE) cancer is unknown. AIM: To clarify the treatment outcomes of ESD for LSBE cancer versus SSBE cancer. METHODS: A total of 86 patients with 91 superficial Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinomas who underwent ESD were enrolled; of these, 68 had underlying SSBE and 18 had LSBE...
March 14, 2018: Digestion
Hiromu Miyake, Yong Chen, Alison Hock, Shogo Seo, Yuhki Koike, Agostino Pierro
PURPOSE: Gastroesophageal reflux after surgical repair of esophageal atresia (EA) can be associated with complications, such as esophageal stricture. Recent guidelines recommend prophylactic anti-reflux medication (PARM) after EA repair. However, the effectiveness of PARM is still unclear. The aim of this study was to review evidence surrounding the use of PARM in children operated for EA. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Databases from inception until the end of 2016 for comparative studies of PARM versus no PARM (control)...
March 13, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Matthieu Bruzzi, Mircea Chirica, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Helene Corte, Thibault Voron, Emile Sarfati, Anne-Marie Zagdanski, Pierre Cattan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy is the best predictor of stricture formation after caustic ingestion. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the accuracy of emergency computed tomography (CT) and endoscopy in predicting risks of esophageal stricture. METHODS: We describe a CT classification of esophageal caustic injuries: Grade I show normal esophagus; Grade IIa display internal enhancement of the esophageal mucosa and enhancement of the outer wall conferring a "target" aspect; Grade IIb present as a fine rim of external esophageal wall enhancement...
March 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Floor Wt Vergouwe, Madeleine Gottrand, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Guillaume Piessen, Marco J Bruno, René Mh Wijnen, Manon Cw Spaander
Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive malformations and requires surgical correction early in life. Dedicated centers have reported survival rates up to 95%. The most frequent comorbidities after EA repair are dysphagia (72%) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) (67%). Chronic GER after EA repair might lead to mucosal damage, esophageal stricturing, Barrett's esophagus and eventually esophageal adenocarcinoma. Several long-term follow-up studies found an increased risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal carcinoma in EA patients, both at a relatively young age...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Ning-Li Chai, Jia Feng, Long-Song Li, Sheng-Zhen Liu, Chen Du, Qi Zhang, En-Qiang Linghu
AIM: To assess the effect of polyglycolic acid (PGA) plus stent placement compared with stent placement alone in the prevention of post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) esophageal stricture in early-stage esophageal cancer (EC) patients. METHODS: Seventy EC patients undergoing ESD were enrolled in this randomized, controlled study. Patients were allocated randomly at a 1:1 ratio into two groups as follows: (1) PGA plus stent group (PGA sheet-coated stent placement was performed); and (2) Stent group (only stent placement was performed)...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yusuke Tonai, Ryu Ishihara, Yasushi Yamasaki, Masamichi Arao, Taro Iwatsubo, Minoru Kato, Syo Suzuki, Kenta Hamada, Satoki Shichijo, Noriko Matsuura, Takashi Kanesaka, Hiroko Nakahira, Sachiko Yamamoto, Tomofumi Akasaka, Noboru Hanaoka, Yoji Takeuchi, Koji Higashino, Noriya Uedo, Yasuhiko Tomita, Hiroyasu Iishi
Background and aim:  Strictures are a major complication of esophageal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial esophageal carcinoma. Post ESD, stricture develops during the process of scar formation, which is related to inflammation caused by ESD. We planned a study to evaluate whether certain electrosurgical unit modes could attenuate strictures after esophageal ESD. Methods:  A total of 16 ESD, three-quarters of the esophageal circumference, were performed in four live pigs...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Damian Dylkowski, Sumit Dave, J Andrew McClure, Blayne Welk, Jennifer Winick-Ng, Sarah Jones
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the volume, postoperative surgical outcomes and, if possible, the relationship between outcome and institutional / surgeon volume in neonates undergoing repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) over the last 20years in Ontario. METHODS: Using administrative databases, a population based cohort study of patients undergoing EA-TEF repair in Ontario between 1993 and 2012 was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jose Melendez-Rosado, Juan E Corral, Sheetal Patel, Raul J Badillo, Dawn Francis
GOALS: The goal of this study is to examine the causes, type of adverse events (AE), and effects of elective intubation in outcomes associated with esophageal food impaction (EFI). BACKGROUND: EFI is a gastrointestinal emergency requiring immediate medical attention. STUDY: Retrospective review of all EFI cases presenting at 3 large tertiary centers from October 1, 2011 to October 31, 2014 and all cases registered in the Clinical Outcome Research Initiative (CORI) database from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Ignacio Ayala, Francisco Laredo, Escobar, Fernando Alberca
A 1-yr old female lion ( Panthera leo) was referred with a 10-mo history of dysphagia for solid food (meat), episodic regurgitation, and poor weight gain. Esophagoscopy confirmed an esophagitis (midesophagus) and a stricture estimated to be of 13 mm diameter. This was subsequently dilated using a 20-mm-diameter balloon for 2 min followed by a 35-mm achalasia balloon for 3 min. The etiology remains undetermined in spite of a thorough history. The animal progressed satisfactorily, reaching 124 kg after 1 yr and has had no further signs...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
T-W Chuang, S-C Chen, K-T Chen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: Previous studies were searched using the terms "gastroesophageal reflux disease" and "diagnosis" or "treatment" in Medline and Pubmed. Articles that were not published in the English language, manuscripts without an abstract, reviews, meta-analysis, and opinion articles were excluded from the review...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Nissreen Mohammad, Vishal Avinashi, Edmond Chan, Bruce A Vallance, Elodie Portales-Casamar, Jonathan W Bush
OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is considered a TH2-mediated food allergy disease that leads to submucosal esophageal fibrosis and strictures. Recent studies focused on adults with EoE identified a strong association with elevated esophageal IgG4 immunostaining. Our study aimed to determine the association of IgG4 with EoE in pediatric patients. METHODS: Using our local EoE research registry, we identified 41 adequate biopsies from EoE patients. We used 10 age- and sex-matched patients with no diagnostic abnormalities at endoscopy or on biopsy...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Denisa Oprisanescu, Denisa Bucur, Vasile Sandru, Ioan Cristian Nedelcu, Madalina Ilie, Ruxandra Oprita, Gabriel Constantinescu
Non-malignant esophageal fistulas have a wide spectrum of clinical and pathological features and it`s important to learn to detect and treat them, due to significant morbidity, mortality and costs. The need for minimally invasive, efficient and also quick procedures is imperative. Esophageal stenting using fully-covered expandable stents has become an increasingly preferred option and addresses to fistulas which arise from 2-3 cm beyond Killian's mouth and up to the gastroesophageal junction. The long-term purpose of the procedure is closure of the fistula and thus healing...
January 2018: Chirurgia
S M Bolton, A F Kagalwalla, J B Wechsler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to present and summarize studies on endoscopic findings in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), at diagnosis and in response to treatment, utilizing rigorous peer-reviewed literature in children wherever possible and to introduce a recently proposed standardized endoscopic evaluation system. RECENT FINDINGS: Gold standard of diagnosis and assessment of response to therapy in EoE requires multiple endoscopies with biopsies for histology, which allows for observation of the esophageal mucosa...
February 28, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Jordan S Taylor, Enrico Danzer, William E Berquist, James K Wall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Desmond K Tan, Chick Weisse, Allyson Berent, Kenneth E Lamb
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple dilatation procedures, benign esophageal strictures (BES) remain a recurring cause of morbidity and mortality in dogs and cats. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the use of an indwelling Balloon Dilatation esophagostomy tube (B-Tube) for treatment of BES in dogs and cats. ANIMALS: Nine dogs and 3 cats. METHODS: Animals with BES were recruited for our prospective study. Endoscopic and fluoroscopic evaluation of the esophagus and balloon dilatation were performed under general anesthesia, followed by placement of an indwelling B-Tube...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Leonardo Frazzoni, Marina La Marca, Amedeo Montale, Lorenzo Fuccio
The management of benign esophageal strictures is challenging. The first strategy includes endoscopic dilation using bougies or balloons. Although the immediate success rate of these is up to 90%, about 30-40% of patients experience recurrent dysphagia within the first year of follow-up. The management of refractory stenosis involves repeated sessions of endoscopic dilation. In order to obtain long-lasting functional results, alternative treatments have been developed, such as the use of self-expanding stents, particularly indicated in subgroups of patients with post-surgical stenosis or post-radiation therapy...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
T Iizuka, D Kikuchi, S Hoteya, M Kaise
Esophageal stricture occurs at a high rate after endoscopic submucosal dissection, especially after entire circumferential dissection, leading to poor quality of life. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the stricture rate in circumferential mucosal defect cases following modified steroid administration. We enrolled 22 consecutive patients who underwent entire circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection for superficial esophageal cancer between April 2010 and April 2015 at our hospital. Until January 2013, a systemic steroid-prednisolone-was administered at 30 mg/day and tapered over 8 weeks in the original method group (original group)...
February 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Guo Xiang Jonathan Teh, Damien Tan, Jen Lock Khor, Wei Keat Wan, Yu Tien Wang
Metastasis to the esophagus from a distant primary cancer is a rare manifestation in a patient with a history of oncological disease presenting with obstructive upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Computed tomography of the thorax or esophagogastroduodenoscopy can be non-diagnostic as the disease tends to be submucosal. In such a situation, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with fine needle aspiration (FNA) can be directed to characterize and sample the submucosal esophageal lesion. We present a case series of metastatic esophageal strictures diagnosed with EUS and FNA...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Katherine J Baxter, Lauren M Baxter, April M Landry, Mark L Wulkan, Amina M Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Long-term dysphagia occurs in up to 50% of repaired esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) patients. The underlying factors are unclear and may include stricture, esophageal dysmotility, or associated anomalies. Our purpose was to determine whether structural airway abnormalities (SAA) are associated with dysphagia in EA/TEF. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children who underwent EA/TEF repair in our hospital system from 2007 to 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"