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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933750/iodine-intake-through-processed-food-case-studies-from-egypt-indonesia-the-philippines-the-russian-federation-and-ukraine-2010-2015
#1
Jacky Knowles, Frits van der Haar, Magdy Shehata, Gregory Gerasimov, Bimo Bimo, Bettina Cavenagh, Cherry C Maramag, Edward Otico, Doddy Izwardy, Rebecca Spohrer, Greg S Garrett
The current performance indicator for universal salt iodisation (USI) is the percentage of households using adequately iodised salt. However, the proportion of dietary salt from household salt is decreasing with the increase in consumption of processed foods and condiments globally. This paper reports on case studies supported by the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)-UNICEF USI Partnership Project to investigate processed food industry use of adequately iodised salt in contrasting national contexts...
July 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929577/salt-intake-and-blood-pressure-response-to-percutaneous-renal-denervation-in-resistant-hypertension
#2
Esther de Beus, Rosa L de Jager, Martine M Beeftink, Margreet F Sanders, Wilko Spiering, Evert-Jan Vonken, Michiel Voskuil, Michiel L Bots, Peter J Blankestijn
The effect of lowering sympathetic nerve activity by renal denervation (RDN) is highly variable. With the exception of office systolic blood pressure (BP), predictors of the BP-lowering effect have not been identified. Because dietary sodium intake influences sympathetic drive, and, conversely, sympathetic activity influences salt sensitivity in hypertension, we investigated 24-hour urinary sodium excretion in participants of the SYMPATHY trial. SYMPATHY investigated RDN in patients with resistant hypertension...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926857/the-amelioration-of-insulin-resistance-in-salt-loading-subjects-by-potassium-supplementation-is-associated-with-a-reduction-in-plasma-il-17a-levels
#3
Wen Wen, Zhaofei Wan, Dong Zhou, Juan Zhou, Zuyi Yuan
Background High dietary salt intake contributes to the development of autoimmune/inflammatory diseases including metabolic syndrome (MetS) which potassium supplementation can potentially reverse. T helper (Th) 17 cells as well as its production interleukin (IL)-17A are involved in the pathogenesis of MetS. The polarization of Th17 cells and enhanced IL-17A production induced by high salt might increase the risk of autoimmune/inflammatory diseases. Methods 45 normotensive subjects (aged 29 to 65 years) were enrolled from a rural community of Northern China at random...
September 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924022/pan-genomic-analyses-identify-key-helicobacter-pylori-pathogenic-loci-modified-by-carcinogenic-host-microenvironments
#4
Jennifer M Noto, Abha Chopra, John T Loh, Judith Romero-Gallo, M Blanca Piazuelo, Mark Watson, Shay Leary, Amber C Beckett, Keith T Wilson, Timothy L Cover, Simon Mallal, Dawn A Israel, Richard M Peek
OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori is the strongest risk factor for gastric cancer; however, the majority of infected individuals do not develop disease. Pathological outcomes are mediated by complex interactions among bacterial, host and environmental constituents, and two dietary factors linked with gastric cancer risk are iron deficiency and high salt. We hypothesised that prolonged adaptation of H. pylori to in vivo carcinogenic microenvironments results in genetic modification important for disease...
September 18, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917241/dietary-sodium-reduction-in-new-zealand-influence-of-the-tick-label
#5
Sherry X Ning, Louise A Mainvil, Rachel K Thomson, Rachel M McLean
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Tick programme of the National Heart Foundation (NHF) is the longest standing voluntary front of pack signpost nutrition logo in New Zealand. It provides a platform for collaboration with the food industry to encourage development of healthier products. This study evaluated the impact of the Tick programme on sodium in processed food. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-two Tick programme products from food categories known to contribute substantially to sodium intake were identified...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914786/baseline-and-estimated-trends-of-sodium-availability-and-food-sources-in-the-costa-rican-population-during-2004-2005-and-2012-2013
#6
Adriana Blanco-Metzler, Rafael Moreira Claro, Katrina Heredia-Blonval, Ivannia Caravaca Rodríguez, María de Los A Montero-Campos, Branka Legetic, Mary R L'Abbe
In 2012, Costa Rica launched a program to reduce salt and sodium consumption to prevent cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors, but little was known about the level of sodium consumption or its sources. Our aim was to estimate the magnitude and time trends of sodium consumption (based on food and beverage acquisitions) in Costa Rica. Data from the National Household Income and Expenditure Surveys carried out in 2004-2005 (n = 4231) and 2012-2013 (n = 5705) were used. Records of food purchases for household consumption were converted into sodium and energy using food composition tables...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901333/a-paleolithic-type-diet-results-in-iodine-deficiency-a-2-year-randomized-trial-in-postmenopausal-obese-women
#7
S Manousou, M Stål, C Larsson, C Mellberg, B Lindahl, R Eggertsen, L Hulthén, T Olsson, M Ryberg, S Sandberg, H F Nyström
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Different diets are used for weight loss. A Paleolithic-type diet (PD) has beneficial metabolic effects, but two of the largest iodine sources, table salt and dairy products, are excluded. The objectives of this study were to compare 24-h urinary iodine concentration (24-UIC) in subjects on PD with 24-UIC in subjects on a diet according to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) and to study if PD results in a higher risk of developing iodine deficiency (ID), than NNR diet...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899400/impact-of-combined-sodium-chloride-and-saturated-long-chain-fatty-acid-challenge-on-the-differentiation-of-t-helper-cells-in-neuroinflammation
#8
Anna Hammer, Anne Schliep, Stefanie Jörg, Aiden Haghikia, Ralf Gold, Markus Kleinewietfeld, Dominik N Müller, Ralf A Linker
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the incidence of autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) in the last decades which is most likely driven by a change in environmental factors. Here, growing evidence suggests that ingredients of a Western diet like high intake of sodium chloride (NaCl) or saturated fatty acids may impact systemic immune responses, thus increasing disease susceptibility. Recently, we have shown that high dietary salt or long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) intake indeed aggravates T helper (Th) cell responses and neuroinflammation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889932/small-vessel-disease-and-dietary-salt-intake-cross-sectional-study-and-systematic-review
#9
Stephen D J Makin, Ghaida F Mubki, Fergus N Doubal, Kirsten Shuler, Julie Staals, Martin S Dennis, Joanna M Wardlaw
BACKGROUND: Higher dietary salt intake increases the risk of stroke and may increase white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume. We hypothesized that a long-term higher salt intake may be associated with other features of small vessel disease (SVD). METHODS: We recruited consecutive patients with mild stroke presenting to the Lothian regional stroke service. We performed brain magnetic resonance imaging, obtained a basic dietary salt history, and measured the urinary sodium/creatinine ratio...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885553/deviation-of-chinese-adults-diet-from-the-chinese-food-pagoda-2016-and-its-association-with-adiposity
#10
Xu Tian, Yingying Huang, Hui Wang
Changing diet in China contributes to a raising prevalence of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the dietary status of Chinese adults (20-59 years old) using the China Food Pagoda (CFP) proposed in the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2016 (CDG), and investigate the association between adiposity and deviation of real diet from CFP using an ordered logistic regression. Results showed that the consumption of fruits, eggs, meat, and poultry increased significantly during 2004-2011, while the consumption of cereal, potatoes, and beans dropped down significantly during the same period (all p < 0...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877896/intake-of-potassium-and-magnesium-enriched-salt-improves-functional-outcome-after-stroke-a-randomized-multicenter-double-blind-controlled-trial
#11
Wen-Harn Pan, Ying-Ho Lai, Wen-Ting Yeh, Jiunn-Rong Chen, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Chyi-Huey Bai, Ruey-Tay Lin, Tsong-Hai Lee, Ku-Chou Chang, Huey-Juan Lin, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Chang-Ming Chern, Li-Ming Lien, Chung-Hsiang Liu, Wei-Hung Chen, Anna Chang
Background: Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and neurologic deficits. Management measures to improve neurologic outcomes are in great need. Our previous intervention trial in elderly subjects successfully used salt as a carrier for potassium, demonstrating a 41% reduction in cardiovascular mortality by switching to potassium-enriched salt. Dietary magnesium has been associated with lowered diabetes and/or stroke risk in humans and with neuroprotection in animals.Objective: Because a large proportion of Taiwanese individuals are in marginal deficiency states for potassium and for magnesium and salt is a good carrier for minerals, it is justifiable to study whether further enriching salt with magnesium at an amount near the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) amount may provide additional benefit for stroke recovery...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870479/north-and-south-american-countries-food-based-dietary-guidelines-a-comparison
#12
REVIEW
Concetta Montagnese, Lidia Santarpia, Fabio Iavarone, Francesca Strangio, Anna Rita Caldara, Eufemia Silvestri, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
Food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) are regularly updated educational documents that provide scientific information on nutritional needs and food composition to the general population. The aim of this study was to review the FBDGs of countries in the Americas and compare them based on their pictorial representation, food grouping, and associated messages on healthy eating and behavior, considering intercultural differences. FBDGs from 30 countries in the Americas were collected, representing 97% of the entire North and South American population...
October 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869909/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#13
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Only one Brazilian study has examined the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The current cross-sectional study examined this issue in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were 1744 pregnant women. Between April 2007 and March 2008, information under study was obtained. Dietary patterns were derived from a factor analysis of 33 predefined food groups based on a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867084/the-contribution-of-processed-pork-meat-products-to-total-salt-intake-in-the-diet
#14
Beulah Pretorius, Hettie C Schönfeldt
Consumption of processed meats is reported to be the second largest contributor to total dietary sodium intake. This study aims to describe the contribution of commonly consumed processed pork products to total salt intake. A large variation was found in the sodium content between similar products. Sodium content (mg/100g) for bacon ranged from 558 to 1570, russians from 762 to 1403, viennas from 480 to 1340 and ham from 696 to 1360 respectively. When converting sodium content from 100g to serving size, different products contributed the most sodium to the diet...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866091/variation-in-sodium-intake-and-intra-individual-change-in-blood-pressure-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Chetna M Pathak, Joachim H Ix, Cheryl A M Anderson, Tyler B Woodell, Gerard Smits, Martha S Persky, Geoffrey A Block, Dena E Rifkin
OBJECTIVE: In the kidney disease clinic setting, higher-than-usual blood pressure is often ascribed to recent dietary sodium indiscretion. While clinical trials demonstrate a clear relationship between salt intake and blood pressure on the population level, it is uncertain whether real-world variation in sodium intake within individual chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is associated with fluctuations in blood pressure. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Phosphorus Normalization Trial, in which participants with CKD eating their usual diets completed at least three 24-hour urine collections over 9 months, from which we measured sodium...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858263/collecting-evidence-to-inform-salt-reduction-policies-in-argentina-identifying-sources-of-sodium-intake-in-adults-from-a-population-based-sample
#16
Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Iris B Romero, Daniela L Moyano, Rosana Poggio, Matías Calandrelli, Nora Mores, Adolfo Rubinstein, Vilma Irazola
The maximum content of sodium in selected processed foods (PF) in Argentina was limited by a law enacted in 2013. Data about intake of these and other foods are necessary for policy planning, implementation, evaluation, and monitoring. We examined data from the CESCAS I population-based cohort study to assess the main dietary sources among PF and frequency of discretionary salt use by sex, age, and education attainment, before full implementation of the regulations in 2015. We used a validated 34-item FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire) to assess PF intake and discretional salt use...
August 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846494/dietary-sodium-butyrate-supplementation-promotes-oxidative-fiber-formation-in-mice
#17
Shuai Chang, Xiaoling Chen, Zhiqing Huang, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Hong Chen, Jun He, Junqiu Luo, Ping Zheng, Jie Yu, Yuheng Luo
Sodium butyrate (SB), a sodium salt of butyric acid, has been shown to improve the animal production performance. The aim of this work was to test the effect of feeding mice with diets containing different dose of SB (1, 3, and 5%) on oxidative fiber formation. Dietary SB supplementation had no effect on body weights and food intakes. Dietary SB supplementation upregulated the expressions of oxidative fiber-related protein including MyHC I, MyHC IIa, myoglobin, and troponin-I-slow. Dietary SB supplementation also upregulated the expressions of phospho-FoxO1 and MEF2C protein, but did not affect total FoxO1 protein expression...
August 28, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837102/dietary-sources-of-high-sodium-intake-in-turkey-salturk-ii
#18
Yunus Erdem, Tekin Akpolat, Ülver Derici, Şule Şengül, Şehsuvar Ertürk, Şükrü Ulusoy, Bülent Altun, Mustafa Arıcı
Previous research has shown daily salt intakes in Turkey to be far above the recommended limits. Knowing the sources of dietary salt could form a basis for preventive strategies aimed towards salt reduction. This study aimed to investigate dietary sources of salt in Turkey. A sub-group (n = 657) was selected from the PatenT2 study population, which represented the urban and rural areas of 4 major cities (Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and Konya). A questionnaire inquiring about sociodemographic characteristics, medical histories, detailed histories of diet, and salt consumption was completed...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835208/whole-genome-sequencing-and-comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-a-novel-seawater-adapted-salt-resistant-rice-cultivar-sea-rice-86
#19
Risheng Chen, Yunfeng Cheng, Suying Han, Ben Van Handel, Ling Dong, Xinmin Li, Xiaoqing Xie
BACKGROUND: Rice (Oryza sativa) is critical for human nutrition worldwide. Due to a growing population, cultivars that produce high yields in high salinity soil are of major importance. Here we describe the discovery and molecular characterization of a novel sea water adapted rice strain, Sea Rice 86 (SR86). RESULTS: SR86 can produce nutritious grains when grown in high salinity soil. Compared to a salt resistant rice cultivar, Yanfen 47 (YF47), SR86 grows in environments with up to 3X the salt content, and produces grains with significantly higher nutrient content in 12 measured components, including 2...
August 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834222/more-evidence-that-salt-increases-blood-pressure-and-risk-of-kidney-disease-from-the-science-of-salt-a-regularly-updated-systematic-review-of-salt-and-health-outcomes-april-july-2016
#20
JoAnne Arcand, Michelle M Y Wong, Joseph Alvin Santos, Alexander A Leung, Kathy Trieu, Sudhir Raj Thout, Jacqui Webster, Norm R C Campbell
The purpose of this review is to identify, summarize, and critically appraise studies on dietary salt and health outcomes that were published from April to July 2016. The search strategy was adapted from a previous systematic review on dietary salt and health. We have revised our criteria for methodological quality and health outcomes, which are applied to select studies for detailed critical appraisals and written commentary. Overall, 28 studies were identified and are summarized in this review. Four of the 28 studies met criteria for methodological quality and health outcomes and five studies underwent detailed critical appraisals and commentary...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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