keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dietary salt

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773169/comparison-of-the-effect-of-dietary-copper-nanoparticles-and-one-copper-ii-salt-on-the-metabolic-and-immune-status-in-a-rat-model
#1
Ewelina Cholewińska, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Katarzyna Ognik
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a diet containing different levels of Cu in two different chemical forms (carbonate and nanoparticles) on metabolic, immune and antioxidant status in a rat model. Five experimental treatments (8 rats in each) were used to test different dosages of Cu added to the diet (standard -6.5 mg/kg, half the standard dosage -3.25 mg/kg, and no added Cu as a negative control) and two sources of added copper (standard -CuCO3 and copper nanoparticles -CuNPs). Blood and urine samples were collected from all the animals after four weeks of treatment...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766048/phasic-stimulation-of-midbrain-dopamine-neuron-activity-reduces-salt-consumption
#2
Eleanor C Sandhu, Anushka B P Fernando, Elaine E Irvine, Kyoko Tossell, Michelle Kokkinou, Justyna Glegola, Mark A Smith, Oliver D Howes, Dominic J Withers, Mark A Ungless
Salt intake is an essential dietary requirement, but excessive consumption is implicated in hypertension and associated conditions. Little is known about the neural circuit mechanisms that control motivation to consume salt, although the midbrain dopamine system, which plays a key role in other reward-related behaviors, has been implicated. We, therefore, examined the effects on salt consumption of either optogenetic excitation or chemogenetic inhibition of ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neurons in male mice...
March 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762491/study-of-factors-influencing-the-bioaccessibility-of-triazolone-in-cherry-tomatoes-using-a-static-shime-model
#3
Yu-Ying Liu, Jin-Jing Xiao, Yun-Yao Fu, Min Liao, Hai-Qun Cao, Yan-Hong Shi
Estimating the influence of bioaccessibility of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables on dietary exposure is a challenge for human health risk assessment. This study investigated the bioaccessibility of pesticide residues in cherry tomatoes and contributing factors (digestion time, pH, solid/liquid ratio, and dietary nutrition) using an in vitro test simulating the human gastrointestinal tract. pH had the largest effect on triazolone precipitation in the simulated gastric intestinal juice, which had a significant impact on the bioaccessibility...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761101/fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-case-report-on-controlled-remission-of-symptoms-by-a-dietary-strategy
#4
Silvia Maria Lattanzio, Francesca Imbesi
A 34-year-old woman suffered from significant chronic pain, depression, non-restorative sleep, chronic fatigue, severe morning stiffness, leg cramps, irritable bowel syndrome, hypersensitivity to cold, concentration difficulties, and forgetfulness. Blood tests were negative for rheumatic disorders. The patient was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Due to the lack of effectiveness of pharmacological therapies in FMS, she approached a novel metabolic proposal for the symptomatic remission. Its core idea is supporting serotonin synthesis by allowing a proper absorption of tryptophan assumed with food, while avoiding, or at least minimizing the presence of interfering non-absorbed molecules, such as fructose and sorbitol...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759103/dietary-taste-patterns-by-sex-and-weight-status-in-the-netherlands
#5
Astrid W B van Langeveld, Pey Sze Teo, Jeanne H M de Vries, Edith J M Feskens, Cees de Graaf, Monica Mars
Taste is a key driver of food choice and intake. Taste preferences are widely studied, unlike the diet's taste profile. This study assessed dietary taste patterns in the Netherlands by sex, BMI, age and education. A taste database, containing 476 foods' taste values, was combined with 2-d 24-h recalls in two study populations. The percentage of energy intake from six taste clusters was assessed in the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS 2007-2010; n 1351) and in an independent observational study: the Nutrition Questionnaires plus (NQplus) study (2011-2013; n 944)...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758074/comparison-of-the-effect-of-dietary-copper-nanoparticles-and-one-copper-ii-salt-on-the-copper-biodistribution-and-gastrointestinal-and-hepatic-morphology-and-function-in-a-rat-model
#6
Ewelina Cholewińska, Katarzyna Ognik, Bartosz Fotschki, Zenon Zduńczyk, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of two forms (CuCO3 (CuS); and Cu nanoparticles (CuNP)) and dosages (standard 6.5 mg/kg (H), half of the standard (L)) of additional dietary Cu administered to growing rats on gastrointestinal and hepatic function and morphology. Copper in the form of CuNP vs CuS caused lower Cu faecal/urinal excretion and increased Cu accumulation in the brain tissue. Hepatic high-grade hydropic degeneration and necrotic lesions were observed only in the CuNP-H animals. In the lower gut, the dietary application of CuNP stifled bacterial enzymatic activity of caecal gut microbiota and resulted in lower SCFA production...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#7
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747013/relationship-between-high-sodium-and-low-pufa-intake-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-elderly-women
#8
Elisa Mazza, Yvelise Ferro, Theodora Lamprinoudi, Carmine Gazzaruso, Patrizia Doldo, Arturo Pujia, Tiziana Montalcini
Several biologically active molecules including nutrients can affect the vascular endothelium which becomes dysfunctional and, as a consequence, predisposes to atherosclerosis. However, the impact of the intake of sodium and polyunsaturated fatty acids on carotid atherosclerosis in a population of elderly women has scarcely been studied. Our aim was to investigate the association between carotid intima-media thickness and atherosclerotic plaque and nutrient intake in asymptomatic elderly women. Carotid atherosclerosis was determined by duplex ultrasound in 108 elderly women...
May 7, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745362/does-dietary-nitrate-say-no-to-cardiovascular-ageing-current-evidence-and-implications-for-research
#9
Mario Siervo, Filippo Scialò, Oliver M Shannon, Blossom C M Stephan, Ammar W Ashor
CVD are characterised by a multi-factorial pathogenesis. Key pathogenetic steps in the development of CVD are the occurrence of endothelial dysfunction and formation of atherosclerotic lesions. Reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is a primary event in the initiation of the atherosclerotic cascade. NO is a free radical with multiple physiological functions including the regulation of vascular resistance, coagulation, immunity and oxidative metabolism. The synthesis of NO proceeds via two distinct pathways identified as enzymatic and non-enzymatic...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739913/longitudinal-change-of-perceived-salt-intake-and-stroke-risk-in-a-chinese-population
#10
Yun Li, Zhe Huang, Cheng Jin, Aijun Xing, Yesong Liu, Chunmei Huangfu, Alice H Lichtenstein, Katherine L Tucker, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data for a relationship between salt intake and stroke have been inconsistent. This inconstancy could be because of the majority of studies evaluated salt intake at a single time point, which may be insufficient to accurately characterize salt intake throughout the observation period. METHODS: Included were 77 605 participants from the Kailuan study. We assessed perceived salt intake via questionnaire in 2006, 2008, and 2010. Salt intake trajectories from 2006 to 2010 were identified using latent mixture models...
May 8, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737520/na-restriction-activates-enac-in-rat-kidney-through-two-mechanisms-and-decreases-distal-na-delivery
#11
Gustavo Frindt, Lei Yang, Krister Bamberg, Lawrence G Palmer
KEY POINTS: Dietary Na restriction, through the mineralocorticoid aldosterone, acts on epithelial Na channels (ENaC) through both fast (24 hrs) and slow (5 to 7 days) mechanisms in the kidney. The fast effect entails increased proteolytic processing and trafficking of channel protein to the apical membrane. It is rapidly reversible by the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist eplerenone and is largely lost when tubules are studied ex vivo. The slow effect does not require increased processing or surface expression, is refractory to acute eplerenone treatment, and is preserved ex vivo...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727609/conflicting-evidence-on-health-effects-associated-with-salt-reduction-calls-for-a-redesign-of-the-salt-dietary-guidelines
#12
REVIEW
Niels Graudal, Gesche Jürgens
Ninety-five percent of the World's populations have a mean salt intake between 6-12 g, which is much lower than the tolerated daily level of up to 55 g/d. In spite of this, the recommended upper level by many health institutions is as low as 5.8 g/day. When reviewing the evidence for an upper level of 5.8g/day, it becomes apparent that neither the supporting studies selected by the health institutions, nor randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies disregarded by the health institutions, document that a salt intake below this 5...
May 1, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717756/dietary-behaviors-among-young-and-older-adults-in-brazil
#13
I Nogueira Bezerra, A O de Carvalho Gurgel, R G Bastos Barbosa, G Bezerra da Silva Junior
OBJECTIVES: To describe healthy and unhealthy dietary behaviors among young and older Brazilian adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on secondary data from the Brazilian National Health Survey 2013/2014, conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). SETTINGS: Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 59,402 Brazilian adults (18 years or over), representative of the whole community-dwelling Brazilian adult population...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716703/an-information-education-and-communication-module-to-reduce-dietary-salt-intake-and-blood-pressure-among-tea-garden-workers-of-assam
#14
Prasanta K Borah, Hem C Kalita, Suman K Paine, Purnananda Khaund, Chandra Bhattacharjee, Dilip Hazarika, Meenakshi Sharma, Jagadish Mahanta
OBJECTIVE: High salt diet increases blood pressure. Tea garden workers (TGW) of Assam, India have high (60.8%) prevalence of hypertension (HTN), which may be due to consumption of extra salt (salt as side dish) and salted tea at work place and home. The present study evaluated an information, education and communication (IEC) module to reduce salt intake and blood pressure among TGW. METHODS: Two tea gardens (usual care and intervention) were selected at random covering a total population of 13,458...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710036/dietary-salt-sodium-chloride-requirement-and-adverse-effects-of-salt-restriction-in-humans
#15
Mamoru Nishimuta, Naoko Kodama, Yutaka Yoshitake, Mieko Shimada, Naho Serizawa
Inevitable sodium loss under sodium restriction must not be construed as evidence for the estimated average requirement (EAR) for sodium (Na) in humans. We conducted human mineral balance studies to determine the EAR for some minerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn). Na concentration in arm sweat was low while those of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) were high, during relatively heavy bicycle-ergometer exercise under relatively low Na intake (100 mmol/d). This suggests that Na was released from the bone, the sole pool of Na, with Ca and Mg...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704906/contemporary-challenges-to-iodine-status-and-nutrition-the-role-of-foods-dietary-recommendations-fortification-and-supplementation
#16
M Bouga, M E J Lean, E Combet
Iodine deficiency (ID) in women of childbearing age remains a global public health concern, mainly through its impact on fetal and infant neurodevelopment. While iodine status is improving globally, ID is still prevalent in pregnancy, when requirements increase. More than 120 countries have implemented salt iodisation and food fortification, strategies that have been partially successful. Supplementation during pregnancy is recommended in some countries and supported by the WHO when mandatory salt iodisation is not present...
April 29, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700922/the-responses-of-the-inflammatory-marker-pentraxin-3-to-dietary-sodium-and-potassium-interventions
#17
Jia-Wen Hu, Yang Wang, Chao Chu, KeKe Wang, Yu Yan, Wenling Zheng, Qiong Ma, Jian-Jun Mu
Pentraxin-3 is a sensitive marker of inflammation that plays dual roles, pathogenic and cardioprotective, in the progression of cardiovascular diseases. Inflammation is intimately involved in salt-induced hypertension. We investigated the responses of pentraxin-3 to sodium and potassium supplementation to elucidate the potential role of pentraxin-3 in salt-induced hypertension. A total of 48 participants from northwest China were enrolled. All participants were maintained on a 3-day normal diet, which was sequentially followed by a 7-day low-sodium diet, a 7-day high-sodium diet, and a 7-day high-sodium plus potassium diet...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699632/mulberry-anthocyanins-improves-thyroid-cancer-progression-mainly-by-inducing-apoptosis-and-autophagy-cell-death
#18
Hou-Long Long, Feng-Feng Zhang, Hong-Ling Wang, Wen-Shi Yang, Hai-Tao Hou, Jing-Kui Yu, Bin Liu
Dietary anthocyanin compounds have multiple biological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-atherosclerotic characteristics. The present study evaluated the anti-tumor capacity of mulberry anthocyanins (MA) in thyroid cancer cells. Our data showed that MA suppressed SW1736 and HTh-7 cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, flow cytometry results indicated that MA significantly increased SW1736 and HTh-7 cell apoptosis. We additionally observed that SW1736 and HTh-7 cell autophagy was markedly enhanced after MA treatment...
May 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697542/salt-and-hypertension-what-do-we-know
#19
James J DiNicolantonio, James H O'Keefe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the evidence for population-wide sodium restriction. RECENT FINDINGS: The recommendations for population-wide sodium restriction largely rely on one surrogate marker (blood pressure). However, recent evidence suggests that when looking beyond blood pressure (e.g. heart rate, aldosterone, renin, cholesterol, triglycerides, noradrenaline and adrenaline), the net effect of sodium restriction is likely harmful. Prospective studies support the notion that those consuming the lowest amounts of salt are at the highest risk of cardiovascular events and premature death...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691160/the-frustrating-attempt-to-limit-the-interdialytic-weight-gain-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis-new-insights-into-an-old-problem
#20
REVIEW
Maurizio Bossola, Gilda Pepe, Carlo Vulpio
A significant percentage of patients on chronic hemodialysis have an interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) above the recommended values. High IDWG has detrimental effects on survival, cardiovascular outcomes, and quality of life. High IDWG is secondary to poor adherence to fluid restriction and to excessive intake of fluids, due to thirst and xerostomia. Various strategies have been proposed to limit IDWG such as the reduction of dietary salt intake, behavioral interventions aimed at improving the adherence to fluid restriction, the improvement of xerostomia, and the use of lower dialysate sodium concentration...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
keyword
keyword
51133
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"