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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737692/salt-reductions-in-some-foods-in-the-netherlands-monitoring-of-food-composition-and-salt-intake
#1
Elisabeth H M Temme, Marieke A H Hendriksen, Ivon E J Milder, Ido B Toxopeus, Susanne Westenbrink, Henny A M Brants, Daphne L van der A
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High salt intake increases blood pressure and thereby the risk of chronic diseases. Food reformulation (or food product improvement) may lower the dietary intake of salt. This study describes the changes in salt contents of foods in the Dutch market over a five-year period (2011-2016) and differences in estimated salt intake over a 10-year period (2006-2015). METHODS: To assess the salt contents of foods; we obtained recent data from chemical analyses and from food labels...
July 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731609/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-their-association-with-blood-pressure-in-a-non-hypertensive-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-salt-study
#2
Noushin Mohammadifard, Arsalan Khaledifar, Alireza Khosravi, Fatemeh Nouri, Ali Pourmoghadas, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The association of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake with blood pressure (BP) is an ongoing debate, especially in central Iran. We aimed to examine the mean Na and K intake, major sources of Na and the relationship between BP and dietary and urinary Na and K. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in central Iran in 2013-2014. A total of 796 non-hypertensive adults aged >18 years were randomly recruited. The semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary Na and K intake...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724883/calcium-prepartions-do-not-inhibit-allergic-reactions-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Klaudia Matysiak, Michał Matuszewski, Wojciech Feleszko
INTRODUCTION    Massive consumption of dietary supplements, including vitamins and minerals, has recently became a serious public issue in Europe. When ingested, they may negatively affect pharmacological activity of various medications, including anti-allergic drugs. Calcium preparations are well-known and commonly used in some European countries as a popular remedy for allergy-related skin reactions, such as itching, erythema and wheals, as well as insect bites. However, their action has not been reliably proven yet...
June 27, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724456/identifying-dietary-differences-between-scotland-and-england-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#4
Stephanie Chambers, Karen L Barton, Viviana Albani, Annie S Anderson, Wendy L Wrieden
OBJECTIVE: Rates of premature mortality have been higher in Scotland than in England since the 1970s. Given the known association of diet with chronic disease, the study objective was to identify and synthesise evidence on current and historical differences in food and nutrient intakes in Scotland and England. DESIGN: A rapid review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature was carried out. After an initial scoping search, Medline, CINAHL, Embase and Web of Science were searched...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714095/effect-of-dietary-salt-intake-on-epithelial-na-channels-enac-in-vasopressin-magnocellular-neurosecretory-neurons-in-the-rat-supraoptic-nucleus
#5
Kaustubh Sharma, Masudul Haque, Richard Guidry, Yoichi Ueta, Ryoichi Teruyama
All three epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) subunits (α, β, and γ) were located in vasopressin (VP) magnocellular neurons in the hypothalamic supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular nuclei. Our previous study demonstrated that ENaC mediates a Na(+) leak current that affects the steady state membrane potential in VP neurons. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of dietary salt intake on ENaC regulation and activity in VP neurons. High dietary salt intake for 7 days caused an increase in expression of β- and γENaC subunits in the SON and the translocation of αENaC immunoreactivity towards the plasma membrane...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705075/higher-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-inversely-associated-with-having-hypertension-is-low-salt-intake-a-mediating-factor
#6
Melania La Verde, Serena Mulè, Gaetano Zappalà, Gaetano Privitera, Giuseppe Maugeri, Francesco Pecora, Marina Marranzano
Blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for population health worldwide and a preventable disease through lifestyle modification. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and occurrence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. Demographic and dietary data of 1937 adults were collected in 2014-2015 from the general population of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Food frequency questionnaires and a MD adherence score were used to assess exposure variables...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704932/sodium-reduction-in-processed-foods-in-brazil-analysis-of-food-categories-and-voluntary-targets-from-2011-to-2017
#7
Eduardo A F Nilson, Ana M Spaniol, Vivian S S Gonçalves, Iracema Moura, Sara A Silva, Mary L'Abbé, Patricia C Jaime
Non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, are responsible for over 70% of deaths in Brazil. Currently, over 25% of Brazilian adults are diagnosed as hypertensive; overall, current dietary sodium intake in Brazil (4700 mg/person) is over twice the international recommendations, and 70-90% of adolescents and adults consume excessive sodium. National sodium reduction strategies consider the main dietary sources of sodium to be added salt to foods, foods consumed outside of the household, and sodium in processed foods...
July 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703958/the-potential-use-of-probiotic-strains-lactobacillus-acidophilus-nrrl-b-4495-bifidobacterium-bifidum-nrrl-b41410-in-ldquo-lor-whey-cheese-rdquo-and-the-effects-on-sensory-properties
#8
Reyhan Irkin, Onur Yalcin
BACKGROUND: In recent years, probiotic bacteria have increasingly been incorporated into various foods as dietary adjuncts. The viability of the probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus NRRL B 4495 and Bifido- bacterium bifidum NRRL B41410 in salted (1% w/w) and unsalted lor whey cheese during storage (21 days) at a refrigerated temperature (4°C) was evaluated. METHODS: As well as the survival of the probiotic bacteria, total mesophilic bacteria, total lactic acid bacteria, Pseudomonas spp...
April 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701299/modeled-changes-in-us-sodium-intake-from-reducing-sodium-concentrations-of-commercially-processed-and-prepared-foods-to-meet-voluntary-standards-established-in-north-america-nhanes
#9
Mary E Cogswell, Sheena M Patel, Keming Yuan, Cathleen Gillespie, WenYen Juan, Christine J Curtis, Michel Vigneault, Jenifer Clapp, Paula Roach, Alanna Moshfegh, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela Pehrsson, Lauren Brookmire, Robert Merritt
Background: Approximately 2 in 3 US adults have prehypertension or hypertension that increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium intake can decrease blood pressure and prevent hypertension. Approximately 9 in 10 Americans consume excess sodium (≥2300 mg/d). Voluntary sodium standards for commercially processed and prepared foods were established in North America, but their impact on sodium intake is unclear.Objective: We modelled the potential impact on US sodium intake of applying voluntary sodium standards for foods...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693514/disparities-in-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-patterns-across-the-urbanization-divide-in-the-peruvian-andes
#10
Morgan L McCloskey, Carla E Tarazona-Meza, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Catherine H Miele, Robert H Gilman, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, J Jaime Miranda, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Diet and activity are thought to worsen with urbanization, thereby increasing risk of obesity and chronic diseases. A better understanding of dietary and activity patterns across the urbanization divide may help identify pathways, and therefore intervention targets, leading to the epidemic of overweight seen in low- and middle-income populations. Therefore, we sought to characterize diet and activity in a population-based study of urban and rural residents in Puno, Peru. METHODS: We compared diet and activity in 1005 (503 urban, 502 rural) participants via a lifestyle questionnaire...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690867/determinants-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-among-clients-on-anti-retroviral-therapy-in-kadoma-city-zimbabwe-2016
#11
Pamela Nyaradzai Magande, Daniel Chirundu, Notion Tafara Gombe, More Mungati, Mufuta Tshimanga
BACKGROUND: Clients on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) are living longer and have risk of hypertension. Side effects of medicines and aging increase this risk. Hypertension prevalence among clients on ART in Kadoma City was estimated to be 30% in 2015. Of these, 61% had uncontrolled hypertension. This was high compared to 46% of hypertensives in the general population who had uncontrolled hypertension. We determined factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension among clients on ART...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682645/are-low-intakes-and-deficiencies-in-iron-vitamin-a-zinc-and-iodine-of-public-health-concern-in-ethiopian-kenyan-nigerian-and-south-african-children-and-adolescents
#12
Rajwinder Harika, Mieke Faber, Folake Samuel, Afework Mulugeta, Judith Kimiywe, Ans Eilander
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to evaluate iron, vitamin A, zinc, and iodine status and intakes in children and adolescents (0-19 years) in Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa. METHOD: Both national and subnational data published from the year 2005 to 2015 were searched via MEDLINE, Scopus, and national public health websites. For each micronutrient and country, status data from relevant studies and surveys were combined into an average prevalence and weighted by sample size (WAVG)...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682025/-hypertension-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Antonio De Pascalis, Alessandro Balducci
The progression of chronic kidney disease CKD is largely independent of the underlying kidney disorder once renal function has fallen below a critical level. Hypertension is an independent risk factor for disease progression in both adult and pediatric patients with kidney disorders. Optimal blood pressure control (130 /80mm Hg) represents a main goal of conservative therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease CKD but it is rarely achieved in clinical practice. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers are more effective than other drugs in slowing progression of proteinuric CKD...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680820/renal-sodium-handling-and-sodium-sensitivity
#14
REVIEW
Alissa A Frame, Richard D Wainford
The pathophysiology of hypertension, which affects over 1 billion individuals worldwide, involves the integration of the actions of multiple organ systems, including the kidney. The kidney, which governs sodium excretion via several mechanisms including pressure natriuresis and the actions of renal sodium transporters, is central to long term blood pressure regulation and the salt sensitivity of blood pressure. The impact of renal sodium handling and the salt sensitivity of blood pressure in health and hypertension is a critical public health issue owing to the excess of dietary salt consumed globally and the significant percentage of the global population exhibiting salt sensitivity...
June 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679364/understanding-barriers-to-medication-dietary-and-lifestyle-treatments-prescribed-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#15
Wen-Ching Tran, David Huynh, Tea Chan, Catherine A Chesla, Meyeon Park
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is the most common genetic renal disease and the fourth leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the United States. Although there is no cure for PKD, several treatments are considered to be beneficial, including blood pressure control, exercise, low-salt diet, and high volume water intake. However, levels of understanding of the importance of these treatments and adherence to these recommendations vary among patients. This study explores illness perception models of patients with PKD to reveal barriers in adherence to prescribed therapies; satisfaction with medical care; and sources of medical information...
July 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678190/taste-salt-consumption-and-local-explanations-around-hypertension-in-a-rural-population-in-northern-peru
#16
M Amalia Pesantes, Francisco Diez-Canseco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Vilarmina Ponce-Lucero, J Jaime Miranda
Interventions to promote behaviors to reduce sodium intake require messages tailored to local understandings of the relationship between what we eat and our health. We studied local explanations about hypertension, the relationship between local diet, salt intake, and health status, and participants' opinions about changing food habits. This study provided inputs for a social marketing campaign in Peru promoting the use of a salt substitute containing less sodium than regular salt. Qualitative methods (focus groups and in-depth interviews) were utilized with local populations, people with hypertension, and health personnel in six rural villages...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677923/-potassium-and-blood-pressure-an-old-story-revisited
#17
Sofia Zisimopoulou, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi, Michel Burnier
Food in industrialized countries is rich in processed products with a high sodium and low potassium content. There is abundant evidence in the literature depicting the relationship between a high daily sodium/potassium intake ratio and the high prevalence of arterial hypertension in modern societies. There is also increasing evidence suggesting a blood pressure lowering effect of potassium, especially in cases of high sodium intake or in patients with increased salt sensibility. Our dietary advice for the prevention and treatment of hypertension should follow a thorough evaluation of our patients' daily nutritional habits and should not only focus on sodium intake but also aim for a balanced sodium/potassium uptake...
September 14, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674441/a-high-salt-diet-inhibits-obesity-and-delays-puberty-in-the-female-rat
#18
D Pitynski-Miller, M Ross, M Schmill, R Schambow, T Fuller, F W Flynn, D C Skinner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Processed foods are considered major contributors to the worldwide obesity epidemic. In addition to high sugar and fat contents, processed foods contain large amounts of salt. Due to correlations with rising adiposity, salt has recently been proposed to be obesogenic. This study investigated three hypotheses: i) high salt contributes to weight gain and adiposity in juvenile female rats, ii) puberty onset would be altered because salt is known to affect neuronal systems involved in activating the reproductive system, and iii) enhanced adiposity will act synergistically with salt to drive early puberty onset...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668284/is-there-a-role-for-diaphoresis-therapy-for-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#19
REVIEW
Norio Hanafusa, Bereket Tessema Lodebo, Anuja Shah, Joel D Kopple
Diaphoresis therapy to remove water and solutes for the treatment of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic dialysis patients is an inadequately characterized treatment that was first reported over 50 years ago. Intensive diaphoresis, induced by heat treatment with saunas (dry heat) or hot baths (wet heat), can substantially increase cutaneous losses of water, urea, sodium, potassium, chloride, lactate, and possibly other solutes. How effectively diaphoresis therapy might remove many uremic toxins is not known...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664551/the-impact-of-voluntary-targets-on-the-sodium-content-of-processed-foods-in-brazil-2011-2013
#20
Eduardo A F Nilson, Ana M Spaniol, Vivian S S Gonçalves, Michele L Oliveira, Norm Campbell, Mary L'Abbé, Patricia C Jaime
Brazilians consume excessive dietary sodium (4700 mg/d); hence, the reduction of dietary sodium intake has been a Brazilian government priority. A set of strategies has been implemented that includes food and nutrition education initiatives and the reduction in the sodium content of processed foods and foods consumed out of the households. Since 2011, the Ministry of Health has selected priority food categories that contribute to over 90% of sodium intake from processed foods and have set biannual voluntary targets for sodium reduction with food industries to encourage food reformulation...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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