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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932391/healthy-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-mortality-and-esrd-in-ckd-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#1
Jaimon T Kelly, Suetonia C Palmer, Shu Ning Wai, Marinella Ruospo, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Katrina L Campbell, Giovanni F M Strippoli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with CKD are advised to follow dietary recommendations that restrict individual nutrients. Emerging evidence indicates overall eating patterns may better predict clinical outcomes, however, current data on dietary patterns in kidney disease are limited. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and mortality or ESRD among adults with CKD. Medline, Embase, and reference lists were systematically searched up to November 24, 2015 by two independent review authors...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927713/high-fibre-diet-and-acetate-supplementation-change-the-gut-microbiota-and-prevent-the-development-of-hypertension-and-heart-failure-in-doca-salt-hypertensive-mice
#2
Francine Z Marques, Erin M Nelson, Po-Yin Chu, Duncan Horlock, April Fiedler, Mark Ziemann, Jian K Tan, Sanjaya Kuruppu, Niwanthi W Rajapakse, Assam El-Osta, Charles R Mackay, David M Kaye
BACKGROUND: -Dietary intake of fruit and vegetables is associated with lower incidence of hypertension, but the mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Here we evaluated the effect of a high fibre diet and supplementation with the short-chain fatty acid (SFCA) acetate on the gut microbiota and the prevention of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: -Gut microbiome, cardiorenal structure/function and blood pressure were examined in sham and mineralocorticoid-excess treated mice with a control diet, high fibre diet or acetate supplementation...
December 7, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925708/determinants-of-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-among-secondary-and-high-school-students
#3
Karolina Gajda, Monika Zielińska, Anna Ciecierska, Jadwiga Hamułka
Background: All over the world, including Poland, the sale of dietary supplements is increasing. More and more often, people including children and youths, use dietary supplements on their own initiative and without any medical indications or knowledge in this field. Objectives: Analysis of the conditions of using the dietary supplements with vitamins and minerals among secondary school and high school students in Poland. Material and methods: The study included 396 students aged 13-18 years (249 girls and 147 boys)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924248/hyperkalemia-from-dietary-supplements
#4
Vivek Batra, Vipin Villgran
Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte problem in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is typically caused by medications in patients with poor kidney function. Patients with comorbodities such as heart failure and diabetes are predisposed to electrolyte problems. Salt substitutes and dietary supplements are uncommon causes of hyperkalemia, but we propose that they are under-recognized and underdiagnosed causes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Our case report and literature review illustrates that a careful dietary history is essential in patients presenting with electrolyte disorders, especially hyperkalemia...
November 2, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917968/innovations-in-food-preservation-in-pastoral-zones
#5
C Jans, D W Mulwa Kaindi, L Meile
Food preservation makes a significant contribution to food security and food safety in pastoral communities with limited access to external food sources. Raw materials are preserved by heating, drying, smoking, pickling, salting, curing or fermentation with microorganisms. This article describes preservation techniques in the pastoral context, targeting the major dietary components of milk, meat and cereals; related health risks; and potential innovations for food preservation. Sustainable elimination of pathogenic microorganisms, preventing re-contamination, sporulation and the growth of zoonotic and foodborne microorganisms, is necessary to enhance food safety and ensure food security by reducing post-harvest losses and food waste...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912772/food-systems-transformations-ultra-processed-food-markets-and-the-nutrition-transition-in-asia
#6
Phillip Baker, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: Attracted by their high economic growth rates, young and growing populations, and increasingly open markets, transnational food and beverage corporations (TFBCs) are targeting Asian markets with vigour. Simultaneously the consumption of ultra-processed foods high in fat, salt and glycaemic load is increasing in the region. Evidence demonstrates that TFBCs can leverage their market power to shape food systems in ways that alter the availability, price, nutritional quality, desirability and ultimately consumption of such foods...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910204/recommended-standards-for-assessing-blood-pressure-in-human-research-where-blood-pressure-or-hypertension-is-a-major-focus
#7
(no author information available yet)
Although inaccurate, nonreproducible blood pressure values can result from nonstandardized assessments, recommended approaches to standardize blood pressure measurement are often not followed in research studies. An expert consensus of national and international health and scientific organizations developed recommended minimum standards for assessing blood pressure in research subjects where: (1) blood pressure or hypertension is a major end point, or (2) blood pressure is likely a major mediator of the research outcome...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909897/nha2-is-expressed-in-distal-nephron-and-regulated-by-dietary-sodium
#8
Kalyan C Kondapalli, R Todd Alexander, Jennifer L Pluznick, Rajini Rao
Increased renal reabsorption of sodium is a significant risk factor in hypertension. An established clinical marker for essential hypertension is elevated sodium lithium countertransport (SLC) activity. NHA2 is a newly identified Na(+)(Li(+))/H(+) antiporter with potential genetic links to hypertension, which has been shown to mediate SLC activity and H(+)-coupled Na(+)(Li(+)) efflux in kidney-derived MDCK cells. To evaluate a putative role in sodium homeostasis, we determined the effect of dietary salt on NHA2...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908548/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intakes-data-from-urban-and-rural-areas
#9
Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Thierry Chianea, François Dalmay, André Bigot, Victor Aboyans, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pascal Bovet, Jean-Claude Desport
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. METHODS: We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908484/maintenance-fluid-therapy-isotonic-versus-hypotonic-solutions
#10
REVIEW
Bernie Hansen, Alessio Vigani
The goal of maintenance fluid therapy in small animals is to replace normal ongoing losses of water and salts when oral intake is withheld. Hospitalized dogs and cats may have multiple stimuli for antidiuretic hormone release that disrupt normal osmoregulation and predispose to water retention. Severe illness promotes retention of both sodium and water as edema. Commercially available fluids have electrolyte concentrations that are very different from dietary maintenance requirements, and potential consequences include development of hypoosmolality, edema, or both when excesses of water or sodium are administered...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905933/salt-intakes-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#11
Oyinlola Oyebode, Samuel Oti, Yen-Fu Chen, Richard J Lilford
BACKGROUND: High sodium intake increases the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. For this reason the World Health Organization recommends a maximum intake of 2 g per day and a 30 % reduction in population sodium intake by 2025. However, in global reviews, data on sodium intake in sub-Saharan Africa have been limited. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies reporting sodium intake in sub-Saharan African populations. Meta-regression analyses were used to test the effect of year of data collection and method of data collection (urinary/dietary), as well as any association between sex, urban/rural status or a country's economic development, and population sodium intake...
January 11, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904803/building-healthy-eating-habits-in-childhood-a-study-of-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-of-schoolchildren-in-malaysia
#12
Kazi Enamul Hoque, Megat Ahmad Kamaluddin, Ahmad Zabidi Abdul Razak, Afiq Athari Abdul Wahid
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have increased rapidly in incidence to become a global issue today. Overweight and obesity problems are significantly linked to unhealthy dietary patterns, physical inactivity and misperception of body image. This study aimed to determine whether Malaysian children build healthy eating habits from childhood. METHODS: A survey on eating habits was conducted among primary school students in standards 4 to 6 in the state of Selangor, Malaysia...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903514/do-high-salt-microenvironments-drive-hypertensive-inflammation
#13
Jason D Foss, Annet Kirabo, David G Harrison
Hypertension is a global epidemic affecting over one billion people worldwide. Despite this, the etiology of most cases of human hypertension remains obscure and treatment remains suboptimal. Excessive dietary salt and inflammation are known contributors to the pathogenesis of this disease. Recently, it has been recognized that salt can accumulate in the skin and skeletal muscle producing concentrations of sodium greater than the plasma in hypertensive animals and humans. Such elevated levels of sodium have been shown to alter immune cell function...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903312/more-than-two-thirds-of-dietary-iodine-in-children-in-northern-ghana-is-obtained-from-bouillon-cubes-containing-iodized-salt
#14
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Susanne Dold, Roland Kupka, Michael B Zimmermann
OBJECTIVE: Bouillon cubes are widely consumed by poor households in sub-Saharan Africa. Because their main ingredient is salt, bouillon cubes could be a good source of iodine if iodized salt is used in their production and if their consumption by target groups is high. Our objective was to measure the iodine content of bouillon cubes, estimate their daily intake in school-aged children and evaluate their potential contribution to iodine intakes. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, we measured urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) and estimated total daily iodine intakes...
December 1, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898871/effect-of-disodium-calcium-malate-or-supplementation-on-growth-performance-carcass-quality-ruminal-fermentation-products-and-blood-metabolites-of-heifers
#15
C Carrasco, P Medel, A Fuentetaja, M J Ranilla, M D Carro
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of malate salts and culture on growth performance, carcass quality, ruminal fermentation products, and blood metabolites in heifers raised under southern Europe practical farm conditions. A total of 108 Charolaise cross heifers (214 ± 27.3 kg BW and 6.4 ± 1.1 mo of age) were housed in 18 pens of 6 animals each and used in a 114-d feedlot study. There was a totally randomized experimental design, and 6 pens were assigned to each of the following experimental diets: a control (no supplementation), the control plus 4 g of disodium/calcium malate mixture per kilogram of concentrate (2...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898676/dietary-butyrate-helps-to-restore-the-intestinal-status-of-a-marine-teleost-sparus-aurata-fed-extreme-diets-low-in-fish-meal-and-fish-oil
#16
Itziar Estensoro, Gabriel Ballester-Lozano, Laura Benedito-Palos, Fabian Grammes, Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Liv-Torunn Mydland, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Juan Fuentes, Vasileios Karalazos, Álvaro Ortiz, Margareth Øverland, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
There is a constant need to find feed additives that improve health and nutrition of farmed fish and lessen the intestinal inflammation induced by plant-based ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding an organic acid salt to alleviate some of the detrimental effects of extreme plant-ingredient substitution of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in gilthead sea bream diet. Three experiments were conducted. In a first trial (T1), the best dose (0.4%) of sodium butyrate (BP-70 ®NOREL) was chosen after a short (9-weeks) feeding period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886772/selective-and-sensitive-electrochemical-device-for-direct-vb2-determination-in-real-products
#17
Agata Kowalczyk, Monika Sadowska, Beata Krasnodebska-Ostrega, Anna M Nowicka
The developed by us electrochemical device for vitamin B2 (VB2; riboflavin) determination, without preconcentration step, in real products exhibits high sensitivity, selectivity, stability and low detection limit compared to those described in the literature. The determination procedure was based on the monitoring of the reduction current signal of VB2 bound with dsDNA anchored to the electrode surface through intermediary - carboxyphenyl layer. The application of such intermediary layer formed during electroreduction of appropriate diazonium salt at CV peak potential guarantees high efficiency of hybridization process and thus fully available places for VB2 interaction...
January 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884229/what-have-we-learned-from-the-genetics-of-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Friedrich C Luft
Twin studies show that about half the risk of hypertension development is inherited. Mendelian hypertension has elucidated astounding basic pathways contributing to hypertension over (presumably) dietary salt intake or directly through increased peripheral vascular resistance. The Mendelian mutations exercise large effects on blood pressure. Inversely, studying the entire human genome for sources signaling blood pressure has yielded many signals with small effects. Thus far, few loci have been validated or translated into targets...
January 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875953/management-of-hypertension-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-asia
#19
Qi-Fang Huang, Satoshi Hoshide, Hao-Min Cheng, Sungha Park, Chang-Gyu Park, Chen-Huan Chen, Kazuomi Kario, Ji-Guang Wang
Hypertension is both a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). According to the Chinese national survey in 2007-2010, the prevalence of CKD was much higher in hypertensive patients (18.9%, n=16,691) than in the overall population sample (10.8%, n=47,204). CKD in hypertension confers risks to the kidneys as well as other organs. Probably because of high dietary salt intake, Asian hypertensive patients with CKD show high prevalence of non-dipping and reversed dipping blood pressure pattern, and may have even higher risks of cardiovascular disease...
November 22, 2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873228/hypertension-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Seyed Mehrdad Hamrahian, Bonita Falkner
Hypertension, a global public health problem, is currently the leading factor in the global burden of disease. It is the major modifiable risk factor for heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is both a common cause of hypertension and CKD is also a complication of uncontrolled hypertension. The interaction between hypertension and CKD is complex and increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. This is particularly significant in the setting of resistant hypertension commonly seen in patient with CKD...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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