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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#1
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138984/11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenases-and-hypertension-in-the-metabolic-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Matthew A Bailey
The metabolic syndrome describes a clustering of risk factors-visceral obesity, dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, and salt-sensitive hypertension-that increases mortality related to cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of these concurrent comorbidities is ~ 25-30% worldwide, and metabolic syndrome therefore presents a significant global public health burden. Evidence from clinical and preclinical studies indicates that glucocorticoid excess is a key causal feature of metabolic syndrome...
November 14, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134979/amlodipine-corrects-changes-in-blood-pressure-and-baroreceptor-reflex-sensitivity-in-sprague-dawley-rats-fed-a-high-salt-diet
#3
A A Adejare, O A Sofola
High dietary salt ingestion causes elevated blood pressure both in humans and in experimental animals.Following reports that Calcium Channel Blockers may exhibit differences in the response of blood vessels to pressor agents,this study sought to test the effects of amlodipine on blood pressure (BP) and baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) responsesto high salt ingestion. Three groups of weanling Sprague-Dawley rats i.e. control rats (CR), salt loaded rats (SR) and saltloaded rats concomitantly administered orally with amlodipine (SR+Am) were used...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132172/can-screening-and-confirmatory-testing-in-the-management-of-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism-be-improved
#4
Michael Stowasser, Ashraf Ahmed, Zeng Guo, Martin Wolley, Jacobus Ungerer, Brett McWhinney, Marko Poglitsch, Richard Gordon
Widespread application of the plasma aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) as a screening test has led to the recognition that primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common specifically treatable and potentially curable form of hypertension, accounting for 5-10% of patients. Maximal detection requires accurate diagnostic approaches and awareness and control of factors that confound results, including most antihypertensives, posture, time of day, dietary salt, and plasma potassium. Recent studies have revealed potential for false positives in patients on beta-adrenoceptor blockers, and, when direct renin concentration (but not plasma renin activity) is used to measure renin, in women during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle or receiving estrogen-containing contraceptives or hormonal replacement therapy...
November 13, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128810/effect-of-dietary-copper-nanoparticles-versus-one-copper-ii-salt-analysis-of-vasoreactivity-in-a-rat-model
#5
Michal Majewski, Katarzyna Ognik, Przemyslaw Zdunczyk, Jerzy Juskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Vascular defects in the mechanical properties of aorta and muscular arteries have been previously reported in animals with copper-deficient feed. However, the interaction between copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) and mechanical properties of arteries has not been reported. Hence, the present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of copper nanoparticles on the vasoreactivity of rat isolated thoracic arteries. METHODS: In this study, 5 week old male Wistar rats were fed a copper-adequate diet (CuA, 6...
June 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124385/tea-and-coffee-consumption-in-relation-to-glioma-a-case-control-study
#6
Hanieh Malmir, Mehdi Shayanfar, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Hadi Tabibi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
PURPOSE: Data on the link between tea and coffee consumption and risk of glioma are controversial. We aimed to examine the association between tea and coffee consumption and glioma in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 128 pathologically confirmed new cases of glioma and 256 age- and sex-matched controls. Dietary intakes of study participants including tea and coffee consumption was assessed using the validated Block-format 123-item semi-quantitative FFQ...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123461/intestinal-absorption-and-factors-influencing-bioavailability-of-magnesium-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Jan Philipp Schuchardt, Andreas Hahn
Background: Information on the bioavailability of the essential mineral Mg2+ is sparse. Objective/Method: Evaluation of the present knowledge on factors influencing the bioavailability and intestinal absorption of Mg2+. Results: Mg2+ is absorbed via a paracellular passive and a transcellular active pathway that involves TRPM6/7 channel proteins. The bioavailability of Mg2+ varies within a broad range, depending on the dose, the food matrix, and enhancing and inhibiting factors...
November 2017: Current Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117737/iodine-status-of-taiwanese-population-in-2013-10-years-after-changing-from-mandatory-to-voluntary-salt-iodization
#8
Fan-Fen Wang, Kam-Tsun Tang, Wen-Harn Pan, Justin Ging-Shing Won, Yao-Te Hsieh, Chun-Jui Huang
BACKGROUND: Since 2003, Taiwan had iodine policy changes from mandatory to voluntary. The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 2001-2002 for schoolchildren showed an adequate iodine nutrition, while NAHSIT 2005-2008 for adults showed the iodine status was at borderline adequacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the iodine status of the Taiwanese population from schoolchildren to adulthood 10 years after the change of the salt iodization policy. METHOD: Urinary iodine was measured in samples from subjects in NAHSIT 2013...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104158/moderate-salt-restriction-with-or-without-paricalcitol-in-type-2-diabetes-and-losartan-resistant-macroalbuminuria-proceed-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#9
Aneliya Parvanova, Matias Trillini, Manuel A Podestà, Ilian Petrov Iliev, Barbara Ruggiero, Manuela Abbate, Annalisa Perna, Francesco Peraro, Olimpia Diadei, Nadia Rubis, Flavio Gaspari, Fabiola Carrara, Nadia Stucchi, Antonio Belviso, Antonio C Bossi, Roberto Trevisan, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Martin de Borst, Piero Ruggenenti
BACKGROUND: Macroalbuminuria predicts renal and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the albuminuria-lowering effects of salt restriction, paricalcitol therapy, or both, in this population. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, we recruited adult patients with type 2 diabetes from six diabetology outpatient clinics in northern Italy, with 24 h albuminuria of more than 300 mg despite 100 mg per day losartan therapy, blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg, serum creatinine concentration of less than 2 mg/dL, stable renal function on stable renin-angiotensin system inhibitor therapy with a fixed dose of losartan, parathyroid hormone concentration of 20 pg/mL to <110 pg/mL, serum calcium concentration of less than 9·5 mg/dL, and serum phosphate concentration of less than 5 mg/dL, who had been more than 80% compliant with placebo treatment during a 1 month placebo run-in...
November 2, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101198/a-stable-core-gut-microbiota-across-fresh-to-saltwater-transition-for-farmed-atlantic-salmon
#10
Knut Rudi, Inga Leena Angell, Phillip B Pope, Jon Olav Vik, Simen Rød Sandve, Lars-Gustav Snipen
Gut microbiota associations through habitat transitions are fundamentally important, yet poorly understood. One such habitat transition is the migration from fresh to salt water for anadromous fish such as salmon. The aim of the current work was therefore to determine the fresh- to saltwater impact on the gut microbiota in farmed Atlantic salmon, with dietary interventions resembling that of fresh- and salt water diets with respect to fatty acid composition. Using deep 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and quantitative PCR, we found that the fresh- to salt water transition both had a major association with the microbiota composition and quantity, while diet did not show significantly associations with the microbiota...
November 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095024/-iodine-prophylaxis-voices-from-the-past-after-65-years
#11
Piedad Santiago Fernández
In 1953, Dr. Felipe Rodríguez Moreno joined the Granada Research Group on Endemic Goiter, which was led by Dr. Ortiz de Landázuri. A high goiter prevalence (62% in women) was found out within the area, and that prevalence was observed to be related to the dietary habits of the time, being the most disadvantaged those who were showing a greater prevalence. A relationship between the high goiter prevalence and the family of the subjects with goiter was also found out, as they usually had a first-degree relative with affection...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090088/gut-microbiota-as-a-potential-target-of-metabolic-syndrome-the-role-of-probiotics-and-prebiotics
#12
REVIEW
Mingqian He, Bingyin Shi
Metabolic syndrome (MS) comprises central obesity, increased plasma glucose levels, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, and its incidence is increasing due to changes in lifestyle and dietary structure in recent years. MS has been proven to be associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus, leading to morbidity and mortality. In this manuscript, we review recent studies concerning the role of the gut microbiota in MS modulation. Manipulation of the gut microbiota through the administration of prebiotics or probiotics may assist in weight loss and reduce plasma glucose and serum lipid levels, decreasing the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus...
2017: Cell & Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089369/how-to-reduce-dietary-salt-intake-just-add-spice
#13
EDITORIAL
Richard David Wainford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084085/effect-of-dietary-sodium-restriction-on-arterial-stiffness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Lanfranco D'Elia, Ferruccio Galletti, Ersilia La Fata, Paola Sabino, Pasquale Strazzullo
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is an independent cardiovascular risk factor and sodium intake could be a determinant of arterial stiffness. Nevertheless, the studies that investigated the effect of reducing dietary sodium intake on arterial stiffness in humans provided inconsistent results. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the available randomized controlled trials of salt restriction and arterial stiffness to try and achieve more definitive conclusions...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075474/pellets-of-proof-first-glimpse-of-the-dietary-composition-of-adult-odonates-as-revealed-by-metabarcoding-of-feces
#15
Kari M Kaunisto, Tomas Roslin, Ilari E Sääksjärvi, Eero J Vesterinen
Recent advances in molecular techniques allow us to resolve the diet of unstudied taxa. Odonates are potentially important top-down regulators of many insects. Yet, to date, our knowledge of odonate prey use is based mainly on limited observations of odonates catching or eating their prey. In this study, we examine the potential use of metabarcoding in establishing the diet of three adult odonate species (Lestes sponsa, Enallagma cyathigerum, and Sympetrum danae) at a site in southwestern Finland. To this purpose, we compared three different methods for extracting DNA from fecal samples: the Macherey-Nagel Nucleospin XS kit, a traditional salt extraction, and the Zymo Research Fecal Microprep kit...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069862/the-relationship-among-cardiac-structure-dietary-salt-and-aldosterone-in-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism
#16
Chi-Sheng Hung, Xue-Ming Wu, Ching-Way Chen, Ying-Hsien Chen, Vin-Cent Wu, Che-Wei Liao, Yi-Yao Chang, Ruh-Fang Yen, Ching-Chu Lu, Mao-Yuan M Su, Kao-Lang Liu, Chin-Chen Chang, Li-Yu Daisy Liu, Kwan-Dun Wu, Yen-Hung Lin
Salt intake is highly associated with cardiac structure in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). We investigated the association among dietary salt intake, aldosterone and left ventricular mass in patients with PA. We enrolled 158 patients with PA and 158 patients with essential hypertension. We measured 24-hour urinary sodium (UNa) and aldosterone (UAldo) level and echocardiography parameters. In patients with PA, the UAldo level was positively correlated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI; r=0.231, p=0...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056965/salt-aldosterone-and-parathyroid-hormone-what-is-the-relevance-for-organ-damage
#17
REVIEW
Cristiana Catena, Gian Luca Colussi, Gabriele Brosolo, Nicole Bertin, Marileda Novello, Andrea Palomba, Leonardo A Sechi
Structured interventions on lifestyle have been suggested as a cost-effective strategy for prevention of cardiovascular disease. Epidemiologic studies demonstrate that dietary salt restriction effectively decreases blood pressure, but its influence on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is still under debate. Evidence gathered from studies conducted in patients with primary aldosteronism, essential hypertension, or heart failure demonstrates that long-term exposure to elevated aldosterone results in cardiac structural and functional changes that are independent of blood pressure...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055956/enhancement-of-neural-salty-preference-in-obesity
#18
Qiang Li, Rongbing Jin, Hao Yu, Hongmei Lang, Yuanting Cui, Shiqiang Xiong, Fang Sun, Chengkang He, Daoyan Liu, Hongbo Jia, Xiaowei Chen, Sijiao Chen, Zhiming Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obesity and high salt intake are major risk factors for hypertension and cardiometabolic diseases. Obese individuals often consume more dietary salt. We aim to examine the neurophysiologic effects underlying obesity-related high salt intake. METHODS: A multi-center, random-order, double-blind taste study, SATIETY-1, was conducted in the communities of four cities in China; and an interventional study was also performed in the local community of Chongqing, using brain positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanning...
October 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050005/effect-of-salt-intake-on-serum-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-in-normotensive-salt-sensitive-subjects
#19
Wen-Ling Zheng, Chao Chu, Yong-Bo Lv, Yang Wang, Jia-Wen Hu, Qiong Ma, Yu Yan, Yu-Meng Cao, Xi-Long Dang, Ke-Ke Wang, Jian-Jun Mu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Excess dietary salt is a critical risk factor of salt-sensitive hypertension. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) , a gut incretin hormone, conferring benefits for blood pressure by natriuresis and diuresis. We implemented a randomized trial to verify the effect of altered salt intake on serum GLP-1 level in human beings. METHODS: The 38 subjects were recruited from a rural community of Northern China. All subjects were sequentially maintained a baseline diet period for 3 days, a low-salt diet period for 7 days (3...
October 19, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046620/the-dental-calculus-metabolome-in-modern-and-historic-samples
#20
Irina M Velsko, Katherine A Overmyer, Camilla Speller, Lauren Klaus, Matthew J Collins, Louise Loe, Laurent A F Frantz, Krithivasan Sankaranarayanan, Cecil M Lewis, Juan Bautista Rodriguez Martinez, Eros Chaves, Joshua J Coon, Greger Larson, Christina Warinner
INTRODUCTION: Dental calculus is a mineralized microbial dental plaque biofilm that forms throughout life by precipitation of salivary calcium salts. Successive cycles of dental plaque growth and calcification make it an unusually well-preserved, long-term record of host-microbial interaction in the archaeological record. Recent studies have confirmed the survival of authentic ancient DNA and proteins within historic and prehistoric dental calculus, making it a promising substrate for investigating oral microbiome evolution via direct measurement and comparison of modern and ancient specimens...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
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