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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213860/epidemiology-of-stone-disease-across-the-world
#1
Igor Sorokin, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Katsuhito Miyazawa, Allen Rodgers, Jamsheer Talati, Yair Lotan
Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide with rates ranging from 7 to 13% in North America, 5-9% in Europe, and 1-5% in Asia. Due to high rates of new and recurrent stones, management of stones is expensive and the disease has a high level of acute and chronic morbidity. The goal of this study is to review the epidemiology of stone disease in order to improve patient care. A review of the literature was conducted through a search on Pubmed(®), Medline(®), and Google Scholar(®). This review was presented and peer-reviewed at the 3rd International Consultation on Stone Disease during the 2014 Société Internationale d'Urologie Congress in Glasgow...
February 17, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202636/moderate-to-severe-iodine-deficiency-in-the-first-1000-days-causes-more-thyroid-hypofunction-in-infants-than-in-pregnant-or-lactating-women
#2
Sara Stinca, Maria Andersson, Isabelle Herter-Aeberli, Laila Chabaa, Mohamed Cherkaoui, Nawal El Ansari, Abdelmounaim Aboussad, Sandra Weibel, Michael B Zimmermann
Background: Iodine deficiency early in the life cycle-the "first 1000 days"-can cause hypothyroidism and irreversibly impair neuromotor development. However, the relative vulnerability among women and infants during this critical period is unclear, making it difficult for country-based programs with limited resources to prioritize their iodine interventions.Objective: Our aim was to determine the prevalence of thyroid hypofunction in women and infants living in an area of moderate-to-severe iodine deficiency...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198489/negative-effects-of-divalent-mineral-cations-on-the-bioaccessibility-of-carotenoids-from-plant-food-matrices-and-related-physical-properties-of-gastro-intestinal-fluids
#3
Joana Corte-Real, Marie Bertucci, Christos Soukoulis, Charles Desmarchelier, Patrick Borel, Elke Richling, Lucien Hoffmann, Torsten Bohn
Carotenoid intake and tissue levels have been frequently associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases. However, their bioavailability is low and influenced by many dietary related parameters. Divalent mineral cations have been suggested to interfere with carotenoid digestion and to hamper micellarization, a prerequisite for their uptake, via complexation of bile salts and precipitation of fatty acids. In the present investigation, we have evaluated the effects of increasing concentrations of magnesium (0-300 mg L(-1)), calcium (0-1500 mg L(-1)), zinc (0-200 mg L(-1)), and sodium (0-1500 mg L(-1); control monovalent cation), on carotenoid bioaccessibility from frequently consumed food items rich in carotenoids (tomato juice, carrot juice, apricot nectar, spinach and field salad), following simulated gastro-intestinal digestion...
February 15, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196620/evaluation-of-online-and-in-person-nutrition-education-related-to-salt-knowledge-and-behaviors-among-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-participants
#4
Lauren E Au, Shannon E Whaley, Klara Gurzo, Martha Meza, Nila J Rosen, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) differs from other federal nutrition programs in that nutrition education is a required component. WIC programs traditionally provide in-person education, but recently some WIC sites have started offering online education. Education focused on reducing salt intake is an important topic for WIC participants because a high-sodium diet has been associated with high blood pressure, and low-income populations are at increased risk...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#5
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193397/socioeconomic-status-and-non-communicable-disease-behavioural-risk-factors-in-low-income-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#6
Luke Allen, Julianne Williams, Nick Townsend, Bente Mikkelsen, Nia Roberts, Charlie Foster, Kremlin Wickramasinghe
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are the leading global cause of death and disproportionately afflict those living in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs). The association between socioeconomic status and non-communicable disease behavioural risk factors is well established in high-income countries, but it is not clear how behavioural risk factors are distributed within LLMICs. We aimed to systematically review evidence on the association between socioeconomic status and harmful use of alcohol, tobacco use, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity within LLMICs...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179253/enac-activity-in-the-cortical-collecting-duct-of-hk%C3%AE-1-h-k-atpase-knockout-mice-is-uncoupled-from-na-intake
#7
Elena Mironova, I Jeanette Lynch, Jonathan M Berman, Michelle L Gumz, James D Stockand, Charles S Wingo
Modulation of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) activity in the collecting duct (CD) is an important mechanism for normal Na+ homeostasis. ENaC activity is inversely related to dietary Na+ intake, in part, due to inhibitory paracrine purinergic regulation. Evidence suggests that H+,K+-ATPase activity in the CD also influences Na+ excretion. We hypothesized that renal H+,K+-ATPases affect Na+ reabsorption by the CD by modulating ENaC activity. ENaC activity in HKα1 H+,K+-ATPase knockout (HKα1-/-) mice was uncoupled from Na+ intake...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177393/acidogenic-mineral-additions-increased-ca-mobilization-in-prepartum-sows
#8
C Darriet, D E Axe, T D Crenshaw
Increased sow milk production is associated with an increase in unexplained sow mortality during prepartum and early postpartum periods. This association has led to purported claims of hypocalcemic disorders. Assuming similar responses as dairy cows, feeding anionic mineral salts in late gestation and early lactation may reduce potential hypocalcemia related disorders in sows. Two experiments using CAD-MATE (Granco Minerals, Petersburg, VA), an acidogenic mineral supplement (AMS), were designed to determine the amount required to increase urinary Ca excretion and to identify renal compensatory responses to acid loads in sows...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154347/effects-of-dietary-plant-origin-glucosylceramide-on-colon-cytokine-contents-in-dmh-treated-mice
#9
Shinji Yamashita, Riho Sakurai, Kenshiro Hishiki, Kazuhiko Aida, Mikio Kinoshita
In this study, the effects of dietary plant-origin glucosylceramide (GlcCer) on colon cytokine contents were investigated in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-treated mice, a model of colon cancer. DMH treatment induced the formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokaines. Dietary GlcCer suppressed ACF formation and cytokine production in these mice. In particular, chemokine production was suppressed by dietary GlcCer. These GlcCer-related trends of suppression were similar to those observed in our previous study on dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS)-treated mice...
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150350/nutrient-intakes-and-compliance-with-nutrient-recommendations-in-children-aged-1-4-years-in-ireland
#10
J Walton, L Kehoe, B A McNulty, A P Nugent, A Flynn
BACKGROUND: The early childhood years represent a period of rapid growth and development characterised by unique requirements for energy and individual nutrients. METHODS: The present study uses data from the National Pre-School Nutrition Survey, a nationally representative sample of Irish children (1-4 years) (n = 500), aiming to estimate energy and nutrient intakes across age and compliance with recommendations (UK and European). A 4-day weighed food-record was used to collect dietary data and statistical modelling (National Cancer Institute method) was applied to estimate usual nutrient intakes...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146411/neuroprotective-effect-of-halophyte-salicornia-herbacea-l-is-mediated-by-activation-of-heme-oxygenase-1-in-mouse-hippocampal-ht22-cells
#11
Min Sun Kim, Ji Yeon Seo, Jisun Oh, Yu Kyung Jang, Choong Hwan Lee, Jong-Sang Kim
Salicornia herbacea L. (glasswort, tungtungmadi in Korean), a halophyte that grows in salt marshes and muddy seashores along the western coast of Korea, has been used as a seasoning vegetable and a folk medicine for intestinal ailments, nephropathy, and hepatitis. As the salt-tolerant herb was reported to contain antioxidants, including tungtungmadic acid, quercetin, and chlorogenic acid, we hypothesized that the ethanolic extract of S. herbacea L. (SH extract) enriched with antioxidative compounds will have neuroprotective activity...
February 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143892/activation-of-trpv4-by-dietary-apigenin-antagonizes-renal-fibrosis-in-deoxycorticosterone-acetate-doca-salt-induced-hypertension
#12
Xing Wei, Peng Gao, Yunfei Pu, Qiang Li, Tao Yang, Hexuan Zhang, Shiqiang Xiong, Yuanting Cui, Li Li, Xin Ma, Daoyan Liu, Zhiming Zhu
Hypertension-induced renal fibrosis contributes to the progression of chronic kidney disease, and apigenin, an anti-hypertensive flavone that is abundant in celery, acts as an agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4). However, whether apigenin reduces hypertension-induced renal fibrosis, as well as the underlying mechanism, remain elusive. In this study, the deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension model was established in male Sprague-Dawley rats that were treated with apigenin or vehicle for 4 weeks...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134233/-the-role-of-diet-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Karolina Brzostek, Anna Ukleja
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to present the relationship between nutrition and the occurrence and course of the disease. The work on the basis of the literature demonstrated the adverse effect of high intake of saturated fatty acids and salt on the development and course of multiple sclerosis. Also in the paper we demonstrat a correlation between favorable adequate supply of omega-3, vitamin D, B12 and folic acid and the risk of exacerbation and symptoms of MS...
January 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132967/kidney-cadmium-toxicity-diabetes-and-high-blood-pressure-the-perfect-storm
#14
Soisungwan Satarug, David A Vesey, Glenda C Gobe
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. Currently, human exposure to Cd is known to damage the kidneys, especially the proximal tubular cells that actively reabsorb Cd along with zinc, glucose and amino acids in the glomerular filtrate. Severe kidney damage, glycosuria and proteinuria are known outcomes after high dietary Cd intake (> 200 µg/day)...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126237/kidney-disease-and-the-westernization-and-industrialization-of-food
#15
REVIEW
Holly Kramer
The industrialization of food in the United States has led to lower prices, and families now spend a smaller percentage of their total income on food compared with past generations. The decline in prices for food commodities has led to sharp increases in food consumption, with average caloric intake in the United States now more than 500 calories higher per day compared to the 1970s. This increase in total food consumption has fueled the ongoing obesity epidemic, which in turn has likely played a role in the epidemic of end-stage renal disease during the last 2 decades...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118075/dietary-spermidine-for-lowering-high-blood-pressure
#16
Tobias Eisenberg, Mahmoud Abdellatif, Andreas Zimmermann, Sabrina Schroeder, Tobias Pendl, Alexandra Harger, Slaven Stekovic, Julia Schipke, Christoph Magnes, Albrecht Schmidt, Christoph Ruckenstuhl, Christopher Dammbrueck, Angelina S Gross, Viktoria Herbst, Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, Federico Pietrocola, Thomas R Pieber, Stephan J Sigrist, Wolfgang A Linke, Christian Mühlfeld, Junichi Sadoshima, Joern Dengjel, Stefan Kiechl, Guido Kroemer, Simon Sedej, Frank Madeo
Loss of cardiac macroautophagy/autophagy impairs heart function, and evidence accumulates that an increased autophagic flux may protect against cardiovascular disease. We therefore tested the protective capacity of the natural autophagy inducer spermidine in animal models of aging and hypertension, which both represent major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Dietary spermidine elicits cardioprotective effects in aged mice through enhancing cardiac autophagy and mitophagy. In salt-sensitive rats, spermidine supplementation also delays the development of hypertensive heart disease, coinciding with reduced arterial blood pressure...
January 24, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114891/diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-mediterranean-african-country
#17
Khawla Kammoun, Hanen Chaker, Hichem Mahfoudh, Nouha Makhlouf, Faical Jarraya, Jamil Hachicha
BACKGROUND: Mediterranean diet is characterized by low to moderate consumption of animal protein and high consumption of fruits, vegetables, bread, beans, nuts, seeds and other cereals. It has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. However, it is not suitable for chronic kidney disease because of high potassium intake. DISCUSSION: Tunisia is an emerging Mediterranean country with limited resources, a high prevalence of chronic hemodialysis treatment and high dialysis expenditures...
January 23, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106712/very-low-protein-diet-vlpd-reduces-metabolic-acidosis-in-subjects-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-nutritional-light-signal-of-the-renal-acid-load
#18
Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Lucia Di Micco, Stefania Marzocco, Emanuele De Simone, Antonietta De Blasio, Maria Luisa Sirico, Luca Nardone, On Behalf Of Ubi Study Group
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis is a common complication of chronic kidney disease; current guidelines recommend treatment with alkali if bicarbonate levels are lower than 22 mMol/L. In fact, recent studies have shown that an early administration of alkali reduces progression of CKD. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of fruit and vegetables to reduce the acid load in CKD. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 146 patients who received sodium bicarbonate...
January 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100920/within-country-variation-of-salt-intake-assessed-via-urinary-excretion-in-japan-a-multilevel-analysis-in-all-47-prefectures
#19
Ken Uechi, Keiko Asakura, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
Salt intake in Japan remains high; therefore, exploring within-country variation in salt intake and its cause is an important step in the establishment of salt reduction strategies. However, no nationwide evaluation of this variation has been conducted by urinalysis. We aimed to clarify whether within-country variation in salt intake exists in Japan after adjusting for individual characteristics. Healthy men (n=1027) and women (n=1046) aged 20-69 years were recruited from all 47 prefectures of Japan. Twenty-four-hour sodium excretion was estimated using three spot urine samples collected on three nonconsecutive days...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096758/effects-of-acute-ingestion-of-a-pre-workout-dietary-supplement-with-and-without-p-synephrine-on-resting-energy-expenditure-cognitive-function-and-exercise-performance
#20
Y Peter Jung, Conrad P Earnest, Majid Koozehchian, Elfego Galvan, Ryan Dalton, Dillon Walker, Christopher Rasmussen, Peter S Murano, Mike Greenwood, Richard B Kreider
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute ingestion of a pre-workout dietary supplement (PWS) with and without p-synephrine (S) on perceptions of readiness to perform, cognitive function, exercise performance, and markers of safety. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, and counterbalanced manner; 25 healthy and recreationally active male and female participants ingested a flavored maltodextrin placebo (PLA), a PWS containing beta-alanine (3 g), creatine nitrate as a salt (2 g), arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (2 g), N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine (300 mg), caffeine (284 mg), Mucuna pruiriens extract standardized for 15% L-Dopa (15 mg), Vitamin C as Ascorbic Acid (500 mg), niacin (60 mg), folate as folic acid (50 mg), and Vitamin B12 as Methylcobalamin (70 mg) with 2 g of maltodextrin and flavoring; or, the PWS with Citrus aurantium (PWS + S) extract standardized for 30% p-synephrine (20 mg)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
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