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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441726/sodium-and-potassium-intake-in-healthy-adults-in-thessaloniki-greater-metropolitan-area-the-salt-intake-in-northern-greece-sing-study
#1
Eleni Vasara, Georgios Marakis, Joao Breda, Petros Skepastianos, Maria Hassapidou, Anthony Kafatos, Nikolaos Rodopaios, Alexandra A Koulouri, Francesco P Cappuccio
A reduction in population sodium (as salt) consumption is a global health priority, as well as one of the most cost-effective strategies to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. High potassium intake is also recommended to reduce cardiovascular disease. To establish effective policies for setting targets and monitoring effectiveness within each country, the current level of consumption should be known. Greece lacks data on actual sodium and potassium intake. The aim of the present study was therefore to assess dietary salt (using sodium as biomarker) and potassium intakes in a sample of healthy adults in northern Greece, and to determine whether adherence to a Mediterranean diet is related to different sodium intakes or sodium-to-potassium ratio...
April 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434242/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-iii-macroelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#2
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. The aim of the study is to present the macroelement intake of the population. METHOD: The study represents the macrolement intake of the population with age 18 or over on the day of 31 December 2013, of those who are non-institutionalised. RESULTS: Salt intake decreased compared to the findings of the previous study in 2009 but it is still extremely high (15...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433931/alkaline-earth-elements-of-scalp-hair-and-presence-of-hypertension-in-housewives-a-perspective-of-chronic-effect
#3
Bin Wang, Lailai Yan, Ying Sun, Jingjing Yan, Qun Lu, Jingxu Zhang, Zhiwen Li
The relationship between population intakes of alkaline-earth elements (AEEs) and hypertension risk remains under discussion. Hair AEE concentrations can indicate their intake levels into human body. Thus, we aimed to investigate an association of hair AEE concentrations with hypertension risk, and the potential effect of dietary habit on this association. We recruited 398 housewives [163 subjects with hypertension (case group) and 235 subjects without hypertension (control group)] in Shanxi Province of north China...
April 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430815/soy-and-fish-as-features-of-the-japanese-diet-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks
#4
Yukio Yamori, Miki Sagara, Yoshimi Arai, Hitomi Kobayashi, Kazumi Kishimoto, Ikuko Matsuno, Hideki Mori, Mari Mori
In the World Health Organization (WHO)-coordinated Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison Study, isoflavones (I; biomarker for dietary soy) and taurine (T; biomarker for dietary fish) in 24-hour-urine (24U) were inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. High levels of these biomarkers are found in Japanese people, whose CHD mortality is lowest among developed countries. We analyzed the association of these biomarkers with cardiovascular disease risk in the Japanese to know their health effects within one ethnic population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420122/the-effect-of-salt-intake-and-potassium-supplementation-on-serum-gastrin-levels-in-chinese-adults-a-randomized-trial
#5
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Wen-Wen He, Yan-Chun Liu, Yi-Feng Lin, Lu-Fei Hong
Excess dietary salt is strongly correlated with cardiovascular disease, morbidity, and mortality. Conversely, potassium likely elicits favorable effects against cardiovascular disorders. Gastrin, which is produced by the G-cells of the stomach and duodenum, can increase renal sodium excretion and regulate blood pressure by acting on the cholecystokinin B receptor. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of altered salt and potassium supplementation on serum gastrin levels in humans. A total of 44 subjects (38-65 years old) were selected from a rural community in northern China...
April 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414295/high-salt-intake-reprioritizes-osmolyte-and-energy-metabolism-for-body-fluid-conservation
#6
Kento Kitada, Steffen Daub, Yahua Zhang, Janet D Klein, Daisuke Nakano, Tetyana Pedchenko, Louise Lantier, Lauren M LaRocque, Adriana Marton, Patrick Neubert, Agnes Schröder, Natalia Rakova, Jonathan Jantsch, Anna E Dikalova, Sergey I Dikalov, David G Harrison, Dominik N Müller, Akira Nishiyama, Manfred Rauh, Raymond C Harris, Friedrich C Luft, David H Wassermann, Jeff M Sands, Jens Titze
Natriuretic regulation of extracellular fluid volume homeostasis includes suppression of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, pressure natriuresis, and reduced renal nerve activity, actions that concomitantly increase urinary Na+ excretion and lead to increased urine volume. The resulting natriuresis-driven diuretic water loss is assumed to control the extracellular volume. Here, we have demonstrated that urine concentration, and therefore regulation of water conservation, is an important control system for urine formation and extracellular volume homeostasis in mice and humans across various levels of salt intake...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409833/dietary-salt-blunts-vasodilation-by-stimulating-epithelial-sodium-channels-in-endothelial-cells-from-salt-sensitive-rats
#7
Zi-Rui Wang, Hui-Bin Liu, Ying-Ying Sun, Qing-Qing Hu, Yu-Xia Li, Wei-Wan Zheng, Chang-Jiang Yu, Xin-Yuan Li, Ming-Ming Wu, Bin-Lin Song, Jian-Jun Mu, Zu-Yi Yuan, Zhi-Ren Zhang, He-Ping Ma
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our recent studies show that the reduced activity of epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) in endothelial cells accounts for the adaptation of vasculature to salt in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The present study examines a hypothesis that enhanced ENaC activity mediates the loss of vasorelaxation in Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We used the cell-attached patch-clamp technique to record ENaC activity in split-open mesenteric arteries...
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409602/effects-of-altered-dietary-salt-intake-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Amy Crawford-Faucher, R Michael Huijon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406245/nanomechanics-of-the-endothelial-glycocalyx-contribute-to-na-induced-vascular-inflammation
#9
Florian Schierke, Margot J Wyrwoll, Martin Wisdorf, Leon Niedzielski, Martina Maase, Tobias Ruck, Sven G Meuth, Kristina Kusche-Vihrog
High dietary salt (NaCl) is a known risk factor for cardiovascular pathologies and inflammation. High plasma Na(+) concentrations (high Na(+)) have been shown to stiffen the endothelial cortex and decrease nitric oxide (NO) release, a hallmark of endothelial dysfunction. Here we report that chronic high Na(+) damages the endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), induces release of inflammatory cytokines from the endothelium and promotes monocyte adhesion. Single cell force spectroscopy reveals that high Na(+) enhances vascular adhesion protein-1 (VCAM-1)-dependent adhesion forces between monocytes and endothelial surface, giving rise to increased numbers of adherent monocytes on the endothelial surface...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405988/a-study-of-salt-and-fat-consumption-pattern-in-regional-indian-diet-among-hypertensive-and-dyslipidemic-patients-script-study
#10
Dayanand Kumbla, Mala Dharmalingam, Kalpesh Dalvi, Saumitra Ray, Mahesh K Shah, Sanjay Gupta, S Sadhanandham, A K Ajmani, Sanjay Nag, Srinivas Murthy, Mohana Murugan, Abhijit Trailokya, Tushar Fegade
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of mortality and morbidity. There is an increasing prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia due to globalization and adoption of westernized dietary habits in India. These transitions are manifest in dietary patterns and health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To study the dietary salt and fat intake among patients diagnosed with hypertension and dyslipidemia in India. METHODS: SCRIPT study was a pilot exploratory, cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, multi-center study...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389525/the-role-of-renal-transporters-and-novel-regulatory-interactions-in-the-tal-that-control-blood-pressure
#11
Lesley A Graham, Anna Dominiczak, Nicholas R Ferreri
Hypertension (HTN), a major public health issue is currently the leading factor in the global burden of disease, where associated complications account for 9.4 million deaths worldwide every year (98). Excessive dietary salt intake is among the environmental factors that contribute to HTN, known as salt sensitivity. The heterogeneity of salt sensitivity and the multiple mechanisms that link high salt intake to increases in blood pressure are of upmost importance for therapeutic application. A continual increase in the kidney's reabsorption of sodium (Na+) relies on sequential actions at various segments along the nephron...
April 7, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362110/diet-effects-in-the-asthma-treatment-a-systematic-review
#12
Gabriele Carra Forte, Daniela Rischter da Silva, Maria Luiza Hennemann, Roberta Sarmento, Jussara Carnevale Almeida, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in asthmatic patients has important relationships with asthma control, pulmonary function, and quality of life. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on the effect of diet on asthma management in adults. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Scopus (January 1948-October 2014) for randomized clinical trials that evaluated the effects of diet in adults with asthma. RESULTS: Of 12,215 studies identified, 21 were included...
March 31, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358837/dietary-changes-needed-to-reach-nutritional-adequacy-without-increasing-diet-cost-according-to-income-an-analysis-among-french-adults
#13
Matthieu Maillot, Florent Vieux, Fabien Delaere, Anne Lluch, Nicole Darmon
OBJECTIVE: To explore the dietary changes needed to achieve nutritional adequacy across income levels at constant energy and diet cost. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individual diet modelling was used to design iso-caloric, nutritionally adequate optimised diets for each observed diet in a sample of adult normo-reporters aged ≥20 years (n = 1,719) from the Individual and National Dietary Survey (INCA2), 2006-2007. Diet cost was estimated from mean national food prices (2006-2007)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356927/from-inflammation-to-gastric-cancer-role-of-helicobacter-pylori
#14
Xiao-Ying Zhang, Pei-Ying Zhang, Mourad A M Aboul-Soud
Gastric cancer is a multifactorial disease and a leading cause of mortality and the risk factors for this include environmental factors and factors that influence host-pathogen interaction and complex interplay between these factors. Gastric adenocarcinomas are of two types, namely intestinal and diffuse type, and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has been suspected of being causally linked to the initiation of chronic active gastritis, which leads to adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type. Even though most individuals with H...
February 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356704/osmotic-regulation-of-nfat5-expression-in-rpe-cells-the-involvement-of-purinergic-receptor-signaling
#15
Margrit Hollborn, Sarah Fischer, Heidrun Kuhrt, Peter Wiedemann, Andreas Bringmann, Leon Kohen
PURPOSE: Systemic hypertension is a risk factor for age-related neovascular retinal diseases. The major condition that induces hypertension is the intake of dietary salt (NaCl) resulting in increased extracellular osmolarity. High extracellular NaCl was has been shown to induce angiogenic factor production in RPE cells, in part via the transcriptional activity of nuclear factor of activated T cell 5 (NFAT5). Here, we determined the signaling pathways that mediate the osmotic expression of the NFAT5 gene in RPE cells...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356277/validation-of-spot-urine-in-predicting-24-h-sodium-excretion-at-the-individual-level
#16
Long Zhou, Yu Tian, Jun-Jie Fu, Ying-Ying Jiang, Ya-Min Bai, Zi-Hua Zhang, Xiao-He Hu, Hong-Wu Lian, Min Guo, Zheng-Xiong Yang, Lian-Cheng Zhao
Background: Evidence for the effect of dietary sodium intake on the risk of cardiovascular disease has been controversial. One of the main explanations for the conflicting results lies in the great variability associated with measurement methods for sodium intake. Spot urine collection is a convenient method commonly used for sodium estimation, but its validity for predicting 24-h urinary sodium excretion at the individual level has not been well evaluated among the general population.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Kawasaki, the International Cooperative Study on Salt, Other Factors, and Blood Pressure (INTERSALT), and the Tanaka formulas in predicting 24-h urinary sodium excretion by using spot urine samples in Chinese adults...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351404/longitudinal-10-year-changes-in-dietary-intake-and-associations-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-the-northern-sweden-health-and-disease-study
#17
Anna Winkvist, Sofia Klingberg, Lena Maria Nilsson, Maria Wennberg, Frida Renström, Göran Hallmans, Kurt Boman, Ingegerd Johansson
BACKGROUND: Dietary risks today constitute the largest proportion of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) globally and in Sweden. An increasing number of people today consume highly processed foods high in saturated fat, refined sugar and salt and low in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. It is important that dietary trends over time are monitored to predict changes in disease risk. METHODS: In total, 15,995 individuals with two visits 10 (±1) years apart in the population-based Västerbotten Intervention Programme 1996-2014 were included...
March 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350175/-the-safety-of-sodium-reduction-in-the-food-supply-a-cross-discipline-balancing-act-workshop-proceedings
#18
Christine Taylor, Michael Doyle, Densie Webb
This workshop, jointly presented by the ILSI North America Technical Committees on Food Microbiology and Sodium, aimed to provide greater knowledge and appreciation of the opportunities and challenges facing the food industry in answering the public health community's call to reduce sodium levels in the food supply. One major challenge is finding effective substitutes for the various antimicrobial and functional roles that sodium plays across different food categories. Sodium plays a critical role in retarding the growth of pathogens and food spoilage bacteria...
March 28, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331628/association-of-iodized-salt-with-goiter-prevalence-in-chinese-populations-a-continuity-analysis-over-time
#19
Zhen Liang, Chen Xu, Yong-Jun Luo
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) refer to diseases that are caused by insufficient iodine intake, and the best strategy to prevent IDD is the addition of iodine to dietary salt. Because iodine deficiency is a common cause of goiter, the prevalence as effectively controlled after the implementation of universal salt iodization (USI) in China. However, there is substantial controversy as to whether the incidence of thyroid disorders is related to iodized salt intake. Therefore, we aimed to clarify whether the risk of goiter can be promoted by USI...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330174/salicornia-evaluating-the-halophytic-extremophile-as-a-food-and-a-pharmaceutical-candidate
#20
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Food insecurity is a major issue in current scenario where a large section of mankind is at risk of insufficient diet. As food productivity has its limits, the prospecting of unutilized or underutilized flora as food candidates is collectively recognized as a sustainable option. In the past decade, a number of obscure plants have been identified to be rich in dietary components and deemed fit for integration into the food platter. This review discusses a candidate Salicornia, belonging to family Amaranthaceae...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
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