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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331628/association-of-iodized-salt-with-goiter-prevalence-in-chinese-populations-a-continuity-analysis-over-time
#1
Zhen Liang, Chen Xu, Yong-Jun Luo
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) refer to diseases that are caused by insufficient iodine intake, and the best strategy to prevent IDD is the addition of iodine to dietary salt. Because iodine deficiency is a common cause of goiter, the prevalence as effectively controlled after the implementation of universal salt iodization (USI) in China. However, there is substantial controversy as to whether the incidence of thyroid disorders is related to iodized salt intake. Therefore, we aimed to clarify whether the risk of goiter can be promoted by USI...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330174/salicornia-evaluating-the-halophytic-extremophile-as-a-food-and-a-pharmaceutical-candidate
#2
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Food insecurity is a major issue in current scenario where a large section of mankind is at risk of insufficient diet. As food productivity has its limits, the prospecting of unutilized or underutilized flora as food candidates is collectively recognized as a sustainable option. In the past decade, a number of obscure plants have been identified to be rich in dietary components and deemed fit for integration into the food platter. This review discusses a candidate Salicornia, belonging to family Amaranthaceae...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#3
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322679/iodine-deficiency-clinical-implications
#4
REVIEW
Soamsiri Niwattisaiwong, Kenneth D Burman, Melissa Li-Ng
Iodine is crucial for thyroid hormone synthesis and fetal neurodevelopment. Major dietary sources of iodine in the United States are dairy products and iodized salt. Potential consequences of iodine deficiency are goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism, and impaired cognitive development. Although iodine status in the United States is considered sufficient at the population level, intake varies widely across the population, and the percentage of women of childbearing age with iodine deficiency is increasing. Physicians should be aware of the risks of iodine deficiency and the indications for iodine supplementation, especially in women who are pregnant or lactating...
March 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322183/the-un-decade-of-nutrition-the-nova-food-classification-and-the-trouble-with-ultra-processing
#5
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Geoffrey Cannon, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Laura C Louzada, Patrícia Constante Jaime
Given evident multiple threats to food systems and supplies, food security, human health and welfare, the living and physical world and the biosphere, the years 2016-2025 are now designated by the UN as the Decade of Nutrition, in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. For these initiatives to succeed, it is necessary to know which foods contribute to health and well-being, and which are unhealthy. The present commentary outlines the NOVA system of food classification based on the nature, extent and purpose of food processing...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317084/dietary-interventions-and-multiple-sclerosis
#6
REVIEW
Ghadah Altowaijri, Allison Fryman, Vijayshree Yadav
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, disabling neurologic disease that has its onset in young adulthood. While the knowledge about underlying pathogenesis of MS has improved significantly over the last few decades, the exact cause still eludes us. Despite the availability of several United States Food and Drug Administration-approved disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for MS in the last two decades, the disease remains disabling for many. DMT use is limited by its partial effectiveness, significant side effects in many cases, and high cost that leads people with MS (PwMS) to look for alternative management options...
March 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#7
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303588/dietary-consumption-of-monosodium-l-glutamate-induces-adaptive-response-and-reduction-in-the-life-span-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#8
Amos O Abolaji, Charles O Olaiya, Oluwagbenga J Oluwadahunsi, Ebenezer O Farombi
Adaptive response is the ability of an organism to better counterattack stress-induced damage in response to a number of different cytotoxic agents. Monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), the sodium salt of amino acid glutamate, is commonly used as a food additive. We investigated the effects of MSG on the life span and antioxidant response in Drosophila melanogaster (D. melanogaster). Both genders (1 to 3 days old) of flies were fed with diet containing MSG (0.1, 0.5, and 2.5-g/kg diet) for 5 days to assess selected antioxidant and oxidative stress markers, while flies for longevity were fed for lifetime...
March 16, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298361/intrarenal-signaling-mediated-by-cck-plays-a-role-in-salt-intake-induced-natriuresis
#9
Hiromi Takahashi-Iwanaga, Shunsuke Kimura, Kohtarou Konno, Masahiko Watanabe, Toshihiko Iwanaga
The natriuretic hormone CCK exhibits its gene transcripts in total kidney extracts. To test the possibility of CCK acting as an intrarenal mediator of sodium excretion, we examined mouse kidneys by: (i) an in situ hybridization technique for CCK mRNA in animals fed a normal or a high-sodium diet; (ii) immuno-electron microscopy for the CCK peptide, (iii) an in situ hybridization method and immunohistochemistry for the CCK-specific receptor CCKAR; (iv) confocal image analysis of receptor-mediated Ca2+ responses in isolated renal tubules; and (v) metabolic cage experiments for the measurement of urinary sodium excretion in high salt-fed mice either treated or untreated with the CCKAR antagonist lorglumide...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294086/school-lunches-in-japan-their-contribution-to-healthier-nutrient-intake-among-elementary-school-and-junior-high-school-children
#10
Keiko Asakura, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: The role of school lunches in diet quality has not been well studied. Here, we aimed to determine the contribution of school lunches to overall nutrient intake in Japanese schoolchildren. DESIGN: The study was conducted nationwide under a cross-sectional design. A non-consecutive, three-day diet record was performed on two school days and a non-school day separately. The prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake was estimated for intakes on one of the school days and the non-school day, and for daily habitual intake estimated by the best-power method...
March 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292932/crystal-structure-of-the-human-alkaline-sphingomyelinase-provides-insights-into-substrate-recognition
#11
Alexei Gorelik, Fangyu Liu, Katalin Illes, Bhushan Nagar
Absorption of dietary sphingomyelin (SM) requires its initial degradation into ceramide, a process catalyzed by the intestinal enzyme alkaline sphingomyelinase (alk-SMase, NPP7, ENPP7). Alk-SMase belongs to the nucleotide pyrophosphatase / phosphodiesterase family, the members of which hydrolyze nucleoside phosphates, phospholipids and other related molecules. NPP7 is the only paralog that can cleave SM, and its activity requires the presence of bile salts, a class of physiological anionic detergents. To elucidate the mechanism of substrate recognition, we determined the crystal structure of human alk-SMase in complex with phosphocholine, a reaction product...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288186/diet-and-biliary-tract-cancer-risk-in-shanghai-china
#12
Shakira M Nelson, Yu-Tang Gao, Leticia M Nogueira, Ming-Chang Shen, Bingsheng Wang, Asif Rashid, Ann W Hsing, Jill Koshiol
Trends in biliary tract cancer incidence rates have increased in Shanghai, China. These trends have coincided with economic and developmental growth, as well as a shift in dietary patterns to a more Westernized diet. To examine the effect of dietary changes on incident disease, we evaluated associations between diet and biliary tract cancers amongst men and women from a population-based case-control study in Shanghai, China. Biliary tract cancer cases were recruited from 42 collaborating hospitals in urban Shanghai, and population-based controls were randomly selected from the Shanghai Household Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285599/microbiome-and-metabolome-modifying-effects-of-several-cardiovascular-disease-interventions-in-apo-e-mice
#13
Paul M Ryan, Lis E E London, Trent C Bjorndahl, Rupasri Mandal, Kiera Murphy, Gerald F Fitzgerald, Fergus Shanahan, R Paul Ross, David S Wishart, Noel M Caplice, Catherine Stanton
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence indicating that gut microbiota have the potential to modify, or be modified by the drugs and nutritional interventions that we rely upon. This study aims to characterize the compositional and functional effects of several nutritional, neutraceutical, and pharmaceutical cardiovascular disease interventions on the gut microbiome, through metagenomic and metabolomic approaches. Apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice were fed for 24 weeks either high-fat/cholesterol diet alone (control, HFC) or high-fat/cholesterol in conjunction with one of three dietary interventions, as follows: plant sterol ester (PSE), oat β-glucan (OBG) and bile salt hydrolase-active Lactobacillus reuteri APC 2587 (BSH), or the drug atorvastatin (STAT)...
March 13, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282932/iodine-and-selenium-intakes-of-postmenopausal-women-in-new-zealand
#14
Louise Brough, Caroline A Gunn, Janet L Weber, Jane Coad, Ying Jin, Jasmine S Thomson, Mathilde Mauze, Marlena C Kruger
Iodine and selenium are required for thyroid function. This study investigated iodine and selenium intakes in healthy, women aged 50-70 years (n = 97) from three cities in the North Island of New Zealand, after mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt. Iodine and selenium concentrations were determined in 24-h urine samples; daily intakes were extrapolated from amounts in urine (90% and 55% of daily intake, respectively). Three day diet diaries (3DDD) also estimated selenium and iodine (excluding iodised salt) intake...
March 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267687/hypertension-s-3-dilemmas-and-3-solutions-pharmacology-of-the-kidney-in-hypertension
#15
William A Pettinger
The Hypertension Community has 3 conflicting dilemmas: a goal systolic pressure of 120 mm Hg or less (the SPRINT Trials), 40% of our 60,000,000 hypertensives still sustain blood pressures above 140/90 mm Hg, and our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil sits on the sidelines, imprisoned in the Food and Drug Administration's Black Box designation. My solutions to these dilemmas are: (1) review of the facts of our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil which is essentially free of toxicity, (2) treatment focus on the fundamental cause of high blood pressure, that is excess dietary sodium and, (3) prevention of, and/or reversal of, the fundamental mechanism of worsening hypertension, arteriolar hypertrophy...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266792/the-science-of-salt-a-regularly-updated-systematic-review-of-salt-and-health-outcomes-december-2015-march-2016
#16
Michelle M Y Wong, JoAnne Arcand, Alexander A Leung, Sudhir Raj Thout, Norm R C Campbell, Jacqui Webster
The purpose of this review was to identify, summarize, and critically appraise studies on dietary salt relating to health outcomes that were published from December 2015 to March 2016. The search strategy was adapted from a previous systematic review on dietary salt and health. Overall, 13 studies were included in the review: one study assessed cardiovascular events, nine studies assessed prevalence or incidence of blood pressure or hypertension, one study assessed kidney disease, and two studies assessed other health outcomes (obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261316/defective-lipid-metabolism-associated-with-mutation-in-klf-2-and-klf-3-important-roles-of-essential-dietary-salts-in-fat-storage
#17
Jun Ling, Christopher Brey, Megan Schilling, Farah Lateef, Zenaida P Lopez-Dee, Kristopher Fernandes, Kavita Thiruchelvam, Yi Wang, Kshitij Chandel, Kai Rau, Ranjit Parhar, Futwan Al-Mohanna, Randy Gaugler, Sarwar Hashmi
BACKGROUND: Dietary salts are important factors in metabolic disorders. They are vital components of enzymes, vitamins, hormones, and signal transduction that act synergistically to regulate lipid metabolism. Our previous studies have identified that Krüppel-like factor -3 (KLF-3) is an essential regulator of lipid metabolism. However, it is not known if KLF-2 also regulates lipid metabolism and whether KLF-2 and -3 mediate the effects of dietary salts on lipid metabolism. METHODS: In this study, we used klf mutants [homozygous klf-2 (ok1043) V and klf-3 (ok1975) II mutants] to investigate the role of dietary salts in lipid metabolism...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260957/salt-reduction-in-china-a-state-of-the-art-review
#18
REVIEW
Shuai Shao, Yechu Hua, Ying Yang, Xiaojuan Liu, Jingruo Fan, An Zhang, Jingling Xiang, Mingjing Li, Lijing L Yan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the latest evidence on salt reduction initiatives in China in order to identify the contextual cost-effective interventions, as well as the barriers encountered during China's long march to reach its population salt reduction goal. BACKGROUND: Population-based salt reduction has been considered as one of the most cost-effective strategies in the world for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. China, along with its sustained economic growth, faces increasing burdens from chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and kidney diseases...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250414/relationships-between-urinary-electrolytes-excretion-and-central-hemodynamics-and-arterial-stiffness-in-hypertensive-patients
#19
Weizhong Han, Xiao Han, Ningling Sun, Yunchao Chen, Shiliang Jiang, Min Li
High sodium intake plays an important role in the onset and exacerbation of hypertension. However, the relationships between urinary electrolytes excretion and central hemodynamics and between urinary electrolyte excretion and arterial stiffness are still the subject of debate. This study sought to clarify the associations of salt intake with central aortic pressure and arterial stiffness indicators. A total of 431 untreated hypertensive individuals were recruited into the study. Twenty-four-hour urinary samples were collected to measure the excretion of urinary electrolytes...
March 2, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247592/the-science-of-salt-a-regularly-updated-systematic-review-of%C3%A2-the-implementation-of-salt-reduction-interventions-march-august-2016
#20
Joseph Alvin Santos, Kathy Trieu, Thout Sudhir Raj, JoAnne Arcand, Claire Johnson, Jacqui Webster, Rachael McLean
This review aims to identify, summarize, and appraise studies reporting on the implementation of salt reduction interventions that were published between March and August 2016. Overall, 40 studies were included: four studies evaluated the impact of salt reduction interventions, while 36 studies were identified as relevant to the design, assessment, and implementation of salt reduction strategies. Detailed appraisal and commentary were undertaken on the four studies that measured the impact of the interventions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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