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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110297/the-technical-report-on-sodium-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-by-the-joint-working-group-of-the-world-heart-federation-the-european-society-of-hypertension-and-the-european-public-health-association
#1
REVIEW
Giuseppe Mancia, Suzanne Oparil, Paul K Whelton, Martin McKee, Anna Dominiczak, Friedrich C Luft, Khalid AlHabib, Fernando Lanas, Albertino Damasceno, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Giuseppe La Torre, Michael Weber, Martin O'Donnell, Sidney C Smith, Jagat Narula
Ingestion of sodium is essential to health, but excess sodium intake is a risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Defining an optimal range of sodium intake in populations has been challenging and controversial. Clinical trials evaluating the effect of sodium reduction on blood pressure have shown blood pressure lowering effects down to sodium intake of less than 1.5 g/day. Findings from these blood pressure trials form the basis for current guideline recommendations to reduce sodium intake to less than 2...
January 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109414/snap-participation-and-diet-sensitive-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#2
Cindy W Leung, June M Tester, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett
INTRODUCTION: Previous research suggests participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with poorer adult cardiometabolic health; the extent to which these associations extend to adolescents is unknown. Differences in diet quality, obesity, and cardiometabolic risk factors were examined among SNAP participants, income-eligible nonparticipants, and higher-income adolescents. METHODS: The study population comprised 4,450 adolescents ≤300% federal poverty level from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107678/nobiletin-and-its-colonic-metabolites-suppress-colitis-associated-colon-carcinogenesis-by-down-regulating-inos-inducing-antioxidative-enzymes-and-arresting-cell-cycle-progression
#3
Xian Wu, Mingyue Song, Zili Gao, Yue Sun, Minqi Wang, Fang Li, Jinkai Zheng, Hang Xiao
Nobiletin (NOB) is a major citrus polymethoxyflavone (PMF) with various beneficial biological activities. We reported previously that dietary NOB significantly inhibited colitis-associated colon carcinogenesis in azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-treated mice, and the chemopreventive effects were associated with NOB metabolites found in the mouse colonic tissues. In this study, to better understand the role of colonic metabolites of NOB, we determined the anti-inflammation and anticancer effects of a mixture of NOB and its major metabolites (NOB-Met) at the concentrations equivalent to those found in colonic tissues of NOB-fed mice...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106712/very-low-protein-diet-vlpd-reduces-metabolic-acidosis-in-subjects-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-nutritional-light-signal-of-the-renal-acid-load
#4
Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Lucia Di Micco, Stefania Marzocco, Emanuele De Simone, Antonietta De Blasio, Maria Luisa Sirico, Luca Nardone, On Behalf Of Ubi Study Group
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis is a common complication of chronic kidney disease; current guidelines recommend treatment with alkali if bicarbonate levels are lower than 22 mMol/L. In fact, recent studies have shown that an early administration of alkali reduces progression of CKD. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of fruit and vegetables to reduce the acid load in CKD. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 146 patients who received sodium bicarbonate...
January 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102495/pregnancy-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-nutritional-and-biochemical-aspects
#5
Jessica Cristina Gimenes, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Bruno Affonso Parenti de Oliveira, Wilson Salgado Júnior, Júlio Sérgio Marchini, Carla Barbosa Nonino
INTRODUCTION: Although pregnancy after bariatric surgery is related to risk reduction, nutritional complications may occur. This study aimed to evaluate nutritional and biochemical indicators of women who became pregnant after Roux en Y gastric bypass (RYGB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study with women who became pregnant after RYGB. We evaluated anthropometric, biochemical, and dietary intake indicators in the preoperative period and before, during, and after pregnancy by analysis of medical records...
January 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100920/within-country-variation-of-salt-intake-assessed-via-urinary-excretion-in-japan-a-multilevel-analysis-in-all-47-prefectures
#6
Ken Uechi, Keiko Asakura, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
Salt intake in Japan remains high; therefore, exploring within-country variation in salt intake and its cause is an important step in the establishment of salt reduction strategies. However, no nationwide evaluation of this variation has been conducted by urinalysis. We aimed to clarify whether within-country variation in salt intake exists in Japan after adjusting for individual characteristics. Healthy men (n=1027) and women (n=1046) aged 20-69 years were recruited from all 47 prefectures of Japan. Twenty-four-hour sodium excretion was estimated using three spot urine samples collected on three nonconsecutive days...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096625/the-effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-salts-of-organic-acid-on-production-performance-of-laying-hens
#7
Ravinder Dahiya, Raj Singh Berwal, Sajjan Sihag, Chandrashekhar Santosh Patil, Lalit
AIM: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementing different levels of salts of organic acid in the laying hen's diet on their production performance and egg quality parameters during a period of 16-week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 white leghorn laying hens at 24 weeks of age were randomly distributed to seven dietary treatment groups, i.e. T1 (control), T2 (0.5% sodium-butyrate), T3 (1.0% sodium-butyrate), T4 (1.5% sodium-butyrate), T5 (0...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091351/supplementing-the-maternal-diet-of-rats-with-butyrate-enhances-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-the-skeletal-muscles-of-weaned-offspring
#8
Yanping Huang, Shixing Gao, Guo Jun, Ruqian Zhao, Xiaojing Yang
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of maternal dietary butyrate supplementation on energy metabolism and mitochondrial biogenesis in offspring skeletal muscle and the possible mediating mechanisms. Virgin female rats were randomly assigned to either control or butyrate diets (1 % butyrate sodium) throughout gestation and lactation. At the end of lactation (21 d), the offspring were killed by exsanguination from the abdominal aorta under anaesthesia. The results showed that maternal butyrate supplementation throughout gestation and lactation did not affect offspring body weight...
January 16, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089168/the-relationship-between-dietary-intake-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-with-blood-pressure-in-individuals-without-a-history-of-a-cardiovascular-event-evidence-based-study-with-5670-subjects
#9
Mohsen Mazidi, Mohsen Nematy, Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli, Zahra Namadchian, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Raised blood pressure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; improved nutritional approaches to population-wide prevention are required.We aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary intake and other cardiovascular risk factors with blood pressure in individuals without a history of a cardiovascular event in an Iranian cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 5670 healthy subjects [approximately 40% (n=2179) males and 60% (n=3491) females] was undertaken in a sample from northeastern Iran...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088470/the-effects-of-dietary-kefir-and-low-molecular-weight-sodium-alginate-on-serum-immune-parameters-resistance-against-streptococcus-agalactiae-and-growth-performance-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#10
Hien Van Doan, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Wanaporn Tapingkae, Pimporn Khamtavee
The present study evaluates the effects of dietary kefir and low molecular weight sodium alginate (LWMSA) (singular or combined) on non-specific immune response, disease resistance and growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish with average weight of 18.60 ± 0.04 g were supplied and randomly stocked in sixteen glass tanks (150 L) at density of 20 fish per tank. Fish were fed experimental diets as follows: 0 g kg(-1) LMWSA (Control, Diet 1), 10 g kg(-1) LMWSA (Diet 2), 40 g kg(-1) kefir (Diet 3), and 10 g kg(-1) LMWSA + 40 g kg(-1) kefir (Diet 4) for 50 days...
January 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088324/protective-effect-of-sugar-cane-extract-against-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colonic-inflammation-in-mice
#11
Bin Wang, Yansen Li, Masami Mizu, Toma Furuta, ChunMei Li
Sugar cane extract (SCE) exhibits various biological effects and has been reported to enhance animal growth performance. However, the effect of SCE on inflammation in animals is still obscure. To study the effects and underlying mechanism of SCE on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colonic inflammation, forty female ICR mice (26.63±0.19g, 6-week-old) were assigned into four groups: a control group (Cont), a DSS-challenged group (DSS), a SCE-supplemented group (SCE), and a DSS+SCE group (DSS+SCE). Mice in Cont group and DSS group were fed basic diet and other mice received 1% SCE supplemented in basic diet from 6-week to 8-week-old...
December 26, 2016: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#12
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078918/dietary-practices-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#13
Marina Lummertz Magenis, Alessandra Gonçalves Machado, Angela Martinha Bongiolo, Marco Antonio da Silva, Kamila Castro, Ingrid Dalira Schweigert Perry
The aim of this study was to assess dietary intake, breastfeeding history, weight at birth and current weight in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). Therefore, a cross-sectional, controlled study with 19 DS participants and 19 controls without DS matched by gender and age was performed. Except for vitamin D, a lower or the same frequency of insufficient intake in other micronutrients was noted in participants compared with controls. The DS group had a reduced exclusive breastfeeding duration and increased carbohydrate and caloric intake...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078565/the-influence-of-sodium-on-pathophysiology-of-multiple-sclerosis
#14
REVIEW
Jacek Zostawa, Jowita Adamczyk, Paweł Sowa, Monika Adamczyk-Sowa
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease of the central nervous system, and is an important cause of disability in young adults. In genetically susceptible individuals, several environmental factors may play a partial role in the pathogenesis of MS. Some studies suggests that high-salt diet (>5 g/day) may contribute to the MS and other autoimmune disease development through the induction of pathogenic Th17 cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines in both humans and mice. However, the precise mechanisms of pro-inflammatory effect of sodium chloride intake are not yet explained...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074329/dietary-adequacy-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-healthy-developing-children
#15
Nagwa A Meguid, Mona Anwar, Geir Bjørklund, Adel Hashish, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Maha Hemimi, Eman Sultan
Although the etiology and pathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still poorly understood, a number of environmental, anthropological, neurobiological and genetic factors have been related to the pathophysiology of ASD, even the impact of oxidative stress response related to the environment and nutrition intake. Usual recommended dietary habits are based on the combination of behavioral and dietary or nutraceutical interventions together with pharmacotherapy. Investigations about a reliable relationship between diet and ASD are still lacking...
January 10, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074252/high-dietary-sodium-intake-is-associated-with-low-bone-mass-in-postmenopausal-women-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#16
S-J Kwon, Y-C Ha, Y Park
: The present cross-sectional study performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 9526 women older than 18 years of age demonstrates that high sodium intake is associated with lower bone mineral density and sodium intake ≥2000 mg/day is a risk factor for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported that large amount of dietary sodium intake is highly associated with elevated urinary calcium...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073749/cost-effectiveness-of-a-government-supported-policy-strategy-to-decrease-sodium-intake-global-analysis-across-183-nations
#17
Michael Webb, Saman Fahimi, Gitanjali M Singh, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Renata Micha, John Powles, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVE:  To quantify the cost effectiveness of a government policy combining targeted industry agreements and public education to reduce sodium intake in 183 countries worldwide. DESIGN:  Global modeling study. SETTING:  183 countries. POPULATION:  Full adult population in each country. INTERVENTION:  A "soft regulation" national policy that combines targeted industry agreements, government monitoring, and public education to reduce population sodium intake, modeled on the recent successful UK program...
January 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070320/effect-of-dietary-selenium-source-organic-vs-mineral-and-muscle-ph-on-meat-quality-characteristics-of-pigs
#18
Luis Calvo, Fidel Toldrá, Ana I Rodríguez, Clemente López-Bote, Ana I Rey
This study evaluates the effect of organic (Se-enriched yeast; SeY) versus inorganic selenium (sodium selenite; SeS) supplementation and the different response of selenium source according to muscle pH on pork meat quality characteristics. Pigs (n = 30) were fed the Se-supplemented diets (0.3 mg/kg) for 65 days. Neither electric conductivity (EC) nor drip loss were affected by the selenium source. The SeY group had lower TBARS in muscle samples after day 7 of refrigerated storage and higher a* values on days 1 and 7 than the SeS group...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068359/docosahexaenoic-acid-supplemented-diet-influences-the-orchidectomy-induced-vascular-dysfunction-in-rat-mesenteric-arteries
#19
Diva M Villalpando, Rocío Navarro, Lara Del Campo, Carlota Largo, David Muñoz, María Tabernero, Ramiro Baeza, Cristina Otero, Hugo S García, Mercedes Ferrer
Over the past few decades, the cardiovascular benefits of a high dietary intake of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), like docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been extensively studied. However, many of the molecular mechanisms and effects exerted by PUFAs have yet to be well explained. The lack of sex hormones alters vascular tone, and we have described that a DHA-supplemented diet to orchidectomized rats improve vascular function of the aorta. Based on these data and since the mesenteric artery importantly controls the systemic vascular resistance, the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of a DHA-supplemented diet on the mesenteric vascular function from orchidectomized rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067891/an-interactive-web-based-intervention-on-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patient-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-red-ruby-study
#20
L Jahangiry, A Montazeri, M Najafi, M Yaseri, M A Farhangi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy nutritional behaviors are recognized as the key factors in the cause and management of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The effectiveness of interactive web-based interventions on dietary intakes, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with MetS is currently unknown. METHODS: The two-arm randomized-controlled trial was conducted for patients with MetS from June through December 2012 in Tehran, Iran...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
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