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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452375/1%C3%AE-hydroxycholecalciferol-improves-the-growth-performance-and-up-regulates-the-mrna-expression-of-vitamin-d-receptor-in-the-small-intestine-and-kidney-of-broiler-chickens
#1
J C Han, J G Wang, G H Chen, J L Zhang, N Zhang, H X Qu, Y Guo, Y F Yan, X J Yang
1α-Hydroxycholecalciferol (1α-OH-D3) is a vitamin D derivative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1α-OH-D3 on the growth and the mRNA expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the small intestine and kidney of chickens. A total of 240 males of one-day-old Ross 308 broilers was randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 5 replicates of 12 birds per replicate. Three levels of 1α-OH-D3 (1.25, 2.5, and 5 μg/kg) were added to a basal diet containing 0.50% calcium (Ca), 0.25% non-phytate phosphorus (NPP), and without supplemental cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449952/variations-of-dietary-intake-by-glycemic-status-and-hispanic-latino-heritage-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#2
Sarah S Casagrande, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Matthew J O'Brien, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Samantha A Reina, Xueyin Wang, Qibin Qi, Aida L Giachello, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Catherine C Cowie
Objective: A healthy diet is important for diabetes prevention and control; however, few studies have assessed dietary intake among US Hispanics/Latinos, a diverse population with a significant burden of diabetes. To address this gap in the literature, we determined intake of energy, macro/micronutrients, and vitamin supplements among Hispanics/Latinos by glycemic status and heritage. Research design and methods: Cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) with complete baseline data on glycemic status and two 24-hour dietary recalls (n=13 089)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449051/differences-in-the-validity-of-a-visual-estimation-method-for-determining-patients-meal-intake-between-various-meal-types-and-supplied-food-items
#3
Yui Kawasaki, Rie Akamatsu, Yuki Tamaura, Masashi Sakai, Keiko Fujiwara, Satomi Tsutsuura
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine differences in the validity of a visual estimation method for determining patients' meal intake between various meal types and supplied food items in hospitals and to find factors influencing the validity of a visual estimation method. METHODS: There are two procedures by which we obtained the information on dietary intake of the patients in these hospitals. These are both by visual assessment from the meal trays at the time of their clearing, by the attending nursing staff and by weighing conducted by researchers...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448899/dietary-exposure-of-the-belgian-population-to-emulsifiers-e481-sodium-stearoyl-2-lactylate-and-e482-calcium-stearoyl-2-lactylate
#4
Sarah Bel, Thomas Struyf, Tine Fierens, Griet Jacobs, Christine Vinkx, Mia Bellemans, Stefan Voorspoels, Karin De Ridder
A dietary exposure assessment of food emulsifiers E481 (sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate) and E482 (calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate) in the Belgian population was performed. Nationally representative food consumption data from the Belgian National Food Consumption Surveys 2004 (BNFCS2004) and 2014 (BNFCS2014) were used for calculations. A conservative approach (combining individual food consumption data with the maximum permitted level (MPL) of foods (tier 2), was compared with more refined estimates (combining individual food consumption data with actual concentrations measured in food products available on the Belgian market (tier 3))...
February 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447201/estimation-model-for-habitual-24-hour-urinary-sodium-excretion-using-simple-questionnaires-from-normotensive-koreans
#5
Ji-Sook Kong, Yeon-Kyung Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Young-Ran Heo, Taisun Hyun, Sun Mee Kim, Eun-Soon Lyu, Se-Young Oh, Hae-Ryun Park, Moo-Yong Rhee, Hee-Kyong Ro, Mi Kyung Song
This study was conducted to develop an equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion that can serve as an alternative to 24-h dietary recall and 24-h urine collection for normotensive Korean adults. In total, data on 640 healthy Korean adults aged 19 to 69 years from 4 regions of the country were collected as a training set. In order to externally validate the equation developed from that training set, 200 subjects were recruited independently as a validation set. Due to heterogeneity by gender, we constructed a gender-specific equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion by using a multivariable linear regression model and assessed the performance of the developed equation in validation set...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446933/dietary-sodium-butyrate-supplementation-reduces-high-concentrate-diet-feeding-induced-apoptosis-in-mammary-cells-in-dairy-goats
#6
Guangjun Chang, Jinyu Yan, Nana Ma, Xinxin Liu, Hongyu Dai, Muhammad Shaid Bilal, Xiangzhen Shen
Eighteen lactating goats (38.86 ± 2.06 kg) were randomly allocated to three groups. One group was fed a low-concentrate (LC) diet (forage:concentrate = 6:4, LC), while the other two groups were fed a high-concentrate (HC) diet (forage:concentrate = 4:6, HC) or an HC diet supplemented with sodium butyrate (BHC) for 20 weeks. Samples of ruminal fluid, milk, hepatic blood plasma, and mammary gland tissue were prepared for the experimental analysis. The LPS concentration, caspase-3 and -8 enzymatic activity, caspase-3 and -8 mRNA expression, and NF-κB (p65), phosphorylated-p65, bax, cytochrome C, and caspase-3 protein expression were higher in the HC group than those in the LC group; however, the levels of these parameters were lower in the BHC group than those in the HC group...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444771/consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-cancer-risk-results-from-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-prospective-cohort
#7
Thibault Fiolet, Bernard Srour, Laury Sellem, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Caroline Méjean, Mélanie Deschasaux, Philippine Fassier, Paule Latino-Martel, Marie Beslay, Serge Hercberg, Céline Lavalette, Carlos A Monteiro, Chantal Julia, Mathilde Touvier
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective associations between consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cancer. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 104 980 participants aged at least 18 years (median age 42.8 years) from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-17). Dietary intakes were collected using repeated 24 hour dietary records, designed to register participants' usual consumption for 3300 different food items...
February 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443353/obesity-masks-the-relationship-between-dietary-salt-intake-and-blood-pressure-in-people-of-african-ancestry-the-impact-of-obesity-on-the-relationship-between-sodium-and-blood-pressure
#8
Muzi Maseko, Mercy Mashao, Abdulraheem Bawa-Allah, Edgar Phukubje, Bongubuhle Mlambo, Thamsanqa Nyundu
Previous studies conducted to investigate the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure in our African population have yielded contradictory results. With the high prevalence of obesity in this population, it is possible that these contradictory findings are due to the masking effects of obesity on this relationship. We measured 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and 24-hour urine excretion on 547 South Africans of African ancestry. A multivariate regression analysis revealed no independent relationship between 24-hour sodium excretion and blood pressure in the total population sample, but when participants were stratified according to body mass index (BMI) status, there was a significant association between 24-hour sodium excretion and blood pressure in the normal-BMI participants but not in the overweight/obese participants...
February 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432741/dietary-nitrate-protects-submandibular-gland-from-hyposalivation-in-ovariectomized-rats-via-suppressing-cell-apoptosis
#9
Yipu Xu, Baoxing Pang, Liang Hu, Xiaoyu Feng, Lei Hu, Jingsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Songlin Wang
Xerostomia, a major oral symptom of menopause, is a subjective feeling of dry mouth associated with oral pain and difficulties in deglutition and speech, which significantly reduces patient's quality of life. Dietary nitrate, which can be converted to nitric oxide, has multiple physiological functions in the body, including antioxidant activity and vasodilatation; however, its protective effect against xerostomia remains poorly understood. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary nitrate on estrogen deficiency-induced xerostomia...
February 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428840/organ-uptake-and-release-of-inorganic-nitrate-and-nitrite-in-the-pig
#10
Karin E Eriksson, Ting Yang, Mattias Carlström, Eddie Weitzberg
Numerous studies have shown beneficial cardiovascular and metabolic effects of dietary nitrate but the release or uptake of these anions on an organ level is still poorly elucidated. Here we administered sodium nitrate in the pig and measured acute changes in release/uptake of nitrate and nitrite across several organs as well as cardiovascular and metabolic functions. In 17 anesthetized pigs multiple venous catheters and arterial ultrasonic blood flow probes were positioned. After pretreatment with the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor l-NAME to minimize involvement of NOS-dependent nitrate/nitrite generation, the animals received bolus injections of either sodium nitrate or sodium chloride...
February 8, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426930/low-diet-quality-and-the-risk-of-stroke-mortality-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#11
Annette Aigner, Heiko Becher, Simone Jacobs, Lynne R Wilkens, Carol J Boushey, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Gertraud Maskarinec
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several diets, e.g., those low in fruits/vegetables, high in sodium, and red/processed meat, have been related to a higher stroke risk. We investigated stroke mortality associated with a priori diet-quality indices in the Multiethnic Cohort study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Based on 172,043 observations including 3548 stroke deaths, we investigated the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), the Alternative HEI-2010, the alternate Mediterranean diet score, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension index in relation to stroke mortality...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425766/antidiabetic-effects-of-sglt2-inhibitor-ipragliflozin-in-type-2-diabetic-mice-fed-diets-containing-different-carbohydrate-contents
#12
Atsuo Tahara, Toshiyuki Takasu
AIMS: Daily intake of carbohydrates differs among individual patients with type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated whether or not dietary carbohydrate content affects the efficacy of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor ipragliflozin in type 2 diabetic mice. MAIN METHODS: Diabetic mice were fed a regular (50% kcal), high (75% kcal)-, or low (25% kcal)-carbohydrate diet. Ipragliflozin was orally administered once a day for 4 weeks. KEY FINDINGS: In all groups, mice exhibited characteristics of type 2 diabetes, including hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and obesity...
February 6, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420991/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-is-associated-with-not-only-higher-intakes-of-micronutrients-but-also-higher-intakes-of-saturated-fat-and-sodium-in-japanese-children-and-adolescents-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#13
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
We investigated the hypothesis that the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese children is associated with both favorable and unfavorable aspects of dietary intake. This cross-sectional study was based on 1-day weighed dietary record data from 3866 children in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. Mean dietary GI and GL were, respectively, 63.4 and 108.2 for children aged 1-6 years, 64...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418071/sodium-butyrate-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-cell-migration-by-downregulating-bmi-1-through-enhanced-mir-200c-expression
#14
Zhiyao Xu, Jingjing Tao, Ping Chen, Long Chen, Sherven Sharma, Guanyu Wang, Qinghua Dong
SCOPE: Short chain fatty acid sodium butyrate (NaB) is the byproduct of bacterial anaerobic fermentation of dietary fiber in the colon, and has been shown to have an anti-tumor effect on colorectal cancer (CRC). The miR-200 family is a key regulator of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We investigated the role of miR-200s expression on cell migration in NaB treated CRC cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: HCT116 and LOVO CRC cells treated with NaB depicted reduced cell proliferation, enhanced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415478/empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-in-uk-adults-are-associated-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-lifestyle-and-diet-quality
#15
Katharine Roberts, Janet Cade, Jeremy Dawson, Michelle Holdsworth
The aim of this study was to examine empirical dietary patterns in UK adults and their association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, self-reported nutrient intake, nutrient biomarkers, and the Nutrient-based Diet Quality Score (NDQS) using National Diet and Nutrition Survey data 2008-2012 (n = 2083; mean age 49 years; 43.3% male). Four patterns explained 13.6% of the total variance: 'Snacks, fast food, fizzy drinks' (SFFFD), 'Fruit, vegetables, oily fish' (FVOF), 'Meat, potatoes, beer' (MPB), and 'Sugary foods, dairy' (SFD)...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413485/perinatal-supplementation-of-4-phenylbutyrate-and-glutamine-attenuates-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-improves-colonic-epithelial-barrier-function-in-rats-born-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#16
Axel Désir-Vigné, Vianney Haure-Mirande, Pierre de Coppet, Dominique Darmaun, Gwenola Le Dréan, Jean-Pierre Segain
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can affect the structure and function of the intestinal barrier and increase digestive disease risk in adulthood. Using the rat model of maternal dietary protein restriction (8% vs. 20%), we found that the colon of IUGR offspring displayed decreased mRNA expression of epithelial barrier proteins MUC2 and occludin during development. This was associated with increased mRNA expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress marker XBP1s and increased colonic permeability measured in Ussing chambers...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412459/shelf-to-health-does-product-innovation-change-national-estimates-of-dietary-impacts
#17
Christopher A Taylor, Rosanna P Watowicz, Colleen K Spees, Neal H Hooker
This paper presents a simulation process to augment nutrition surveillance in the United States which incorporates product innovation data. Traditional point-estimates of nutritional quality in a food category are compared to those based on distributions of nutrient compositions using product-level variability seen in the market. Nationally representative consumption patterns provide dietary intakes. Cookies are used as an example food category. Nutrient composition data from Global New Product Database (GNPD) for 5259 cookies launched 2005 to 2012 were matched to dietary intakes from 2005 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) over the 2 y cycles of NHANES for 8284 cookie consumers...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407203/toxicological-evaluation-of-3-sialyllactose-sodium-salt
#18
Daehee Kim, Rit Bahadur Gurung, Wonmin Seo, Albert W Lee, Jinsuk Woo
The safety of 3'-sialyllactose (3'-SL) sodium salt was evaluated by testing for gene mutations, in vivo and in vitro clastogenic activity, and animal toxicity in beagle dogs and rats. The results of all mutagenicity and genotoxicity tests were negative, indicating that 3'-SL does not have any mutagenic or clastogenic potential. The mean lethal dose (LD50) of 3'-SL sodium salt was well above 20 g/kg body weight (bw) in rats. A dose escalation acute toxicity study in Beagle dogs also indicated no treatment-related abnormalities...
January 26, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402899/comparison-of-environmental-impact-and-nutritional-quality-among-a-european-sample-population-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#19
Christie Walker, Eileen R Gibney, Stefanie Hellweg
This study evaluates the relationship between environmental impacts and diet quality through several environmental and nutritional indicators, using data from over 1400 participants across seven European countries in the Food4Me study. Comparisons of environmental impacts and dietary quality were evaluated across country, gender groups, and dietary patterns. While there was clear variability within the different subsets, there were large differences observed in both dietary quality and environmental impacts between cultures, genders, and dietary patterns...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399299/self-management-levels-of-diet-and-metabolic-risk-factors-according-to-disease-duration-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Sukyung Cho, Minkyeong Kim, Kyong Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Metabolic risk factors should be managed effectively in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to prevent or delay diabetic complications. This study aimed to compare the self-management levels of diet and metabolic risk factors in patients with T2DM, according to the duration of illness, and to examine the trends in self-management levels during the recent decades. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES, 1998-2014)...
February 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
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