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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526806/the-relationship-among-cardiac-structure-dietary-salt-and-aldosterone-in-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism
#1
Chi-Sheng Hung, Xue-Ming Wu, Ching-Way Chen, Ying-Hsien Chen, Vin-Cent Wu, Che-Wei Liao, Yi-Yao Chang, Ruh-Fang Yen, Ching-Chu Lu, Mao-Yuan M Su, Kao-Lang Liu, Chin-Chen Chang, Li-Yu Daisy Liu, Kwan-Dun Wu, Yen-Hung Lin
Salt intake is highly associated with cardiac structure in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). We investigated the association among dietary salt intake, aldosterone and left ventricular mass in patients with PA. We enrolled 158 patients with PA and 158 patients with essential hypertension. We measured 24-hour urinary sodium (UNa) and aldosterone (UAldo) level and echocardiography parameters. In patients with PA, the UAldo level was positively correlated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI; r=0.231, p=0...
April 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526387/adequacy-of-nutrient-intake-in-women-with-restrictive-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Chiara Chiurazzi, Iolanda Cioffi, Carmela De Caprio, Emilia De Filippo, Maurizio Marra, Rosa Sammarco, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess energy and nutrient intake in a group of women with restrictive AN (r-AN) compared with a control group. METHODS: Thirteen r-AN patients and 13 healthy female controls completed 7-d food records. Intake of macro- and micronutrients was compared between the two groups as well as to the Dietary Reference Intake for the Italian Population (LARN) for specific ages. Additionally, the r-AN patients underwent indirect calorimetry for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE)...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524086/dietary-green-pea-protects-against-dss-induced-colitis-in-mice-challenged-with-high-fat-diet
#3
Shima Bibi, Luís Fernando de Sousa Moraes, Noelle Lebow, Mei-Jun Zhu
Obesity is a risk factor for developing inflammatory bowel disease. Pea is unique with its high content of dietary fiber, polyphenolics, and glycoproteins, all of which are known to be health beneficial. We aimed to investigate the impact of green pea (GP) supplementation on the susceptibility of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Six-week-old C57BL/6J female mice were fed a 45% HFD or HFD supplemented with 10% GP. After 7-week dietary supplementation, colitis was induced by adding 2...
May 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516388/effects-of-different-selenium-sources-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-local-chinese-subei-chickens
#4
J L Li, L Zhang, Z Y Yang, Z Y Zhang, Y Jiang, F Gao, G H Zhou
Despite increasing evidence indicating the essential involvement of selenium (Se) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of commercial broilers, the effects of different Se sources on local Chinese Subei chickens is unclear. A total of 360 50-day-old male chickens were individually weighed and randomly allocated to four treatment groups. Chickens in each of the four groups were fed diets supplemented with 0.3 mg Se/kg as sodium Se (SS), Se-enriched yeast (SY), selenomethionine (Met-Se), or nano red element Se (Nano-Se) for 40 days...
May 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516130/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-of-independently-living-older-adults-in-a-snowy-region-of-japan
#5
Tomoko Shimoda, Teppei Suzuki, Noriko Takahashi, Kaori Tsutsumi, Mina Samukawa, Shoko Yoshimachi, Teruaki Goto, Hisashi Enomoto, Nobuyuki Kise, Katsuhiko Ogasawara, Sadako Yoshimura
Lifestyle diseases, which are associated with nutrition, account for 30% of elderly requiring long-term care. To increase health expectancy among Japan's rapidly aging population, we investigated the nutritional status and body composition of elderly adults living in a region subject to heavy snowfall, to identify pertinent health indicators. The dietary habits of 288 local residents aged ≥50 years were analyzed using body composition and a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Body mass index of all residents was normal...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515956/effects-of-phosalone-consumption-via-feeding-with-or-without-sodium-bentonite-on-performance-blood-metabolites-and-its-transition-to-milk-of-iranian-baluchi-sheep
#6
Mohsen Kazemi, Ameneh Eskandary Torbaghan, Abdoul Mansour Tahmasbi, Reza Valizadeh, Abbas Ali Naserian
BACKGROUND: Transfer of pesticides from environment to animal products is inevitable, so the purpose of the present work was to evaluate phosalone consumption via feeding with or without sodium bentonite (SB) on performance, blood metabolites and its transition to milk of Iranian Baluchi sheep. METHODS: Twenty Baluchi ewes were divided into four treatments (P1 as control, P2, P3, and P4) of five animals in which phosalone, an organophosphate pesticide, was given via diet (only for P2 and P3) at a dose of 280 mg/sheep/day for 63 consecutive days...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513174/structure-and-activity-relationship-of-curcumin-role-of-methoxy-group-in-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-colitis-effects-of-curcumin
#7
Haixia Yang, Zheyuan Du, Weicang Wang, Mingyue Song, Katherine Z Sanidad, Elvira Sukamtoh, Jennifer Zheng, Li Tian, Hang Xiao, Zhenhua Liu, Guodong Zhang
Curcumin, a dietary compound from Turmeric, has beneficial effects on inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease. While most previous studies have focused on structure-activity relationship of the thiol-reactive α, β-unsaturated carbonyl groups of curcumin, little is known about the roles of methoxy groups in biological activities of curcumin. Here we synthesized a series of curcumin analogs with different substitution groups (R = H-, Br-, Cl-, F-, NO2-, CH3-, and OH-) to replace the methoxy group, and evaluated their biological effects in vitro and in vivo...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503432/nutrient-patterns-and-risk-of-cataract-a-case-control-study
#8
Fatemeh Sedaghat, Matin Ghanavati, Parisa Nezhad Hajian, Sara Hajishirazi, Mehdi Ehteshami, Bahram Rashidkhani
AIM: To assess the relation between nutrient patterns and cataract risk. METHODS: This is a hospital-based case-control study with 97 cataract patients and 198 matched controls. Dietary consumption was collected through a valid food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Nutrient patterns were detected by applying factor analysis. Unconditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratio (ORs) and 95%CIs. RESULTS: We extracted 5 main nutrient patterns...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501983/understanding-the-two-faces-of-low-salt-intake
#9
REVIEW
Branko Braam, Xiaohua Huang, William A Cupples, Shereen M Hamza
Fierce debate has developed whether low-sodium intake, like high-sodium intake, could be associated with adverse outcome. The debate originates in earlier epidemiological studies associating high-sodium intake with high blood pressure and more recent studies demonstrating a higher cardiovascular event rate with both low- and high-sodium intake. This brings into question whether we entirely understand the consequences of high- and (very) low-sodium intake for the systemic hemodynamics, the kidney function, the vascular wall, the immune system, and the brain...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500964/dietary-linseed-oil-supplemented-with-organic-selenium-improved-the-fatty-acid-nutritional-profile-muscular-selenium-deposition-water-retention-and-tenderness-of-fresh-pork
#10
Jiang Jiang, Xinyue Tang, Yan Xue, Gang Lin, Youling L Xiong
Cross-bred pigs were fed a control diet (with 0.3ppm sodium selenite and 1.5% soybean oil) or organic selenium diets (0.3ppm Se-Yeast with 1.5% soybean or linseed oil) to investigate nutrient supplement effects on meat quality and oxidative stability. The organic selenium diets increased muscular selenium content up to 54%, and linseed oil increased n-3 fatty acids two-fold while lowering the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio from 13.9 to 5.9 over the selenite control diet (P<0.05). Organic selenium yeast treatments with linseed oil reduced pork drip loss by 58-74% when compared with diets with soybean oil...
April 6, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499978/salt-taste-recognition-in-a-heart-failure-cohort
#11
Laura P Cohen, Scott L Hummel, Mathew S Maurer, Sara López-Pintado, Jeffrey D Wessler
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) disproportionately afflicts older adults. Dietary sodium indiscretion is frequently implicated in HF decompensation. The affinity for and ability to taste salt in this process is unexplored. We sought to evaluate differences in salt taste by age and HF diagnosis and to map changes following hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHODS: Seventy-two subjects underwent initial salt-taste testing during hospitalization for ADHF...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489956/the-role-of-chlorogenic-acid-supplementation-in-anemia-and-mineral-disturbances-induced-by-4-tert-octylphenol-toxicity
#12
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S S Arbid, Nawal E Gomaa
4-tert-octylphenol (OP) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical that causes harmful effects to human health. Chlorogenic acid is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective role of chlorogenic acid in anemia and mineral disturbance occurring in OP toxicity in rats. Thirty-two male albino rats were divided into four equal groups (8 rats/group) as follows. The first (control) group was treated daily with an oral dose of 1 ml saline for two weeks...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488397/dietary-sodium-intake-relates-to-vascular-health-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Jemma Anderson, Jennifer J Couper, Sarah Toome, Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa, Lynne C Giles, Roger Gent, Brian Coppin, Alexia S Peña
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have vascular dysfunction and frequently struggle to adhere to dietary recommendations. Limited data exist for the vascular consequences of poor diet quality in children. We aimed to evaluate the association between dietary components and vascular function in children with T1D. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 90 children (13.6 [3.5] years, 41 boys) with T1D. They had evaluation of dietary micro and macronutrients (Australian Child and Adolescent Eating Survey), vascular endothelial and smooth muscle function (flow-mediated dilatation and glyceryl trinitrate mediated dilatation [GTN], respectively), clinical and biochemical variables...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487277/the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-western-diet-and-risk-of-gout-in-men-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Sharan K Rai, Teresa T Fung, Na Lu, Sarah F Keller, Gary C Curhan, Hyon K Choi
Objective To prospectively examine the relation between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and Western diets and risk of gout (ie, the clinical endpoint of hyperuricemia) in men.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting The Health Professionals Follow-up Study.Participants 44 444 men with no history of gout at baseline. Using validated food frequency questionnaires, each participant was assigned a DASH dietary pattern score (based on high intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts and legumes, low fat dairy products, and whole grains, and low intake of sodium, sweetened beverages, and red and processed meats) and a Western dietary pattern score (based on high intake of red and processed meats, French fries, refined grains, sweets, and desserts)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485063/dietary-sodium-dietary-potassium-and-systolic-blood-pressure-in-us-adolescents
#15
Jennifer Chmielewski, J Bryan Carmody
Both high sodium and low potassium diets are associated with hypertension, but whether these risk factors are distinct or overlapping has not been thoroughly investigated. The authors evaluated the relationship between dietary sodium, potassium, and high systolic blood pressure among 4716 adolescents aged 12 to 14 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012. There was no association with blood pressure across most values of sodium or potassium intake. However, participants who reported sodium intake ≥7500 mg/d, potassium <700 mg/d, or sodium-potassium ratio ≥2...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483829/sources-of-dietary-sodium-implications-for-patients-physicians-and-policy
#16
EDITORIAL
Lawrence J Appel, Kathryn Foti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483828/sources-of-sodium-in-us-adults-from-3-geographic-regions
#17
Lisa J Harnack, Mary E Cogswell, James M Shikany, Christopher D Gardner, Cathleen Gillespie, Catherine M Loria, Xia Zhou, Keming Yuan, Lyn M Steffen
BACKGROUND: Most US adults consume excess sodium. Knowledge about the dietary sources of sodium intake is critical to the development of effective reduction strategies. METHODS: A total of 450 adults were recruited from 3 geographic locations: Birmingham, AL (n=150); Palo Alto, CA (n=150); and the Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN (n=150), metropolitan areas. Equal numbers of women and men from each of 4 race/ethnic groups (blacks, Asians, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic whites) were targeted for recruitment...
May 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483341/red-meat-s-role-in-addressing-nutrients-of-public-health-concern
#18
Kevin D Cashman, Aoife Hayes
The role of red meat, particularly lean cuts, in healthy eating guidelines has been highlighted in most developed nations. Despite this, the public have received some mixed messages in relation to meat. Nutrition claims in Europe and nutrient content claims in the US may have important roles in providing consumer confidence and a better appreciation of the importance of red meat to achieving nutrient adequacy. In particular, it is noteworthy that nutrition/nutrient content claims for red meat could be made for four out of the seven nutrients of public health concern as designated in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, namely sodium, potassium, iron, vitamin D, the intakes of which have also been shown to be problematic for European populations...
April 27, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473772/lack-of-effects-of-metformin-and-aicar-chronic-infusion-on-the-development-of-hypertension-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-rats
#19
Tengis S Pavlov, Vladislav Levchenko, Daria V Ilatovskaya, Hui Li, Oleg Palygin, Nuria M Pastor-Soler, Kenneth R Hallows, Alexander Staruschenko
In the kidney, reabsorption via the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is involved in long-term blood pressure control. Previously we demonstrated that ENaC hyperactivity is associated with development of salt-sensitive (SS) hypertension in Dahl SS rats. AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), playing a role in cellular energy homeostasis, has been shown to decrease ENaC activity. Here, we tested whether metformin and AICAR, two drugs that activate AMPK, affect the development of salt-induced hypertension. High salt diet significantly increased mean arterial pressure (MAP) in Dahl SS rats...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473740/adult-mortality-of-diseases-and-injuries-attributable-to-selected-metabolic-lifestyle-environmental-and-infectious-risk-factors-in-taiwan-a-comparative-risk-assessment
#20
Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi-Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai, Hsien-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and environmental risk factors in Taiwan. METHODS: We obtained data on risk factor exposure from nationally representative health surveys, cause-specific mortality from the National Death Registry, and relative risks from epidemiological studies and meta-analyses...
2017: Population Health Metrics
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