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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677563/polysaccharide-of-hericium-erinaceus-attenuates-colitis-in-c57bl-6-mice-via-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-inflammation-related-signaling-pathways-and-modulating-the-composition-of-the-gut-microbiota
#1
Yilin Ren, Yan Geng, Yan Du, Wang Li, Zhen-Ming Lu, Hong-Yu Xu, Guo-Hua Xu, Jin-Song Shi, Zheng-Hong Xu
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a disease caused by a dysregulated immune with unknown etiology. Hericium erinaceus (H. erinaceus) is a Chinese medicinal fungus, with the effect of prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. In this study, we have tested the anti-inflammatory effect of polysaccharide of H. erinaceus (HECP, Mw: 86.67 kDa) in the model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in C57BL/6 mice. Our data indicated that HECP could improve clinical symptoms and down-regulate key markers of oxidative stresses, including nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), and myeloperoxidase (MPO)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673733/effects-of-dietary-sodium-selenite-and-organic-selenium-sources-on-immune-and-inflammatory-responses-and-selenium-deposition-in-growing-pigs
#2
Michaela Falk, Aksel Bernhoft, Tore Framstad, Brit Salbu, Helene Wisløff, Trond M Kortner, Anja B Kristoffersen, Marianne Oropeza-Moe
The study was conducted to compare effects of different dietary Se sources (sodium selenite [NaSe], Se-enriched yeast [Se yeast] or L-selenomethionine [SeMet]) and one Se-deficient control diet on the expression of selected genes, hematological and clinical biochemical parameters, and muscle morphology in two parallel trials with finisher pigs. Se concentrations in blood plasma and tissues were also monitored. From the pigs in one of the parallel groups, muscle samples obtained from Musculus longissimus dorsi (LD) before and during the trial were examined...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670030/dietary-sodium-and-other-nutrient-intakes-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-in-new-zealand
#3
Zhengxiu Xie, Rachael McLean, Mark Marshall
This study describes baseline intakes of sodium and other nutrients in a multi-ethnic sample of hemodialysis patients in New Zealand participating in the SoLID Trial between May/2013 to May/2016. Baseline 3-day weighed food record collections were analyzed using Foodworks 8 Professional food composition database, supplemented by other sources of nutrient information. Intakes of dietary sodium and other nutrients were compared with relevant guidelines and clinical recommendations. Eighty-five participants completed a 3-day weighed food record...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669135/society-of-behavioral-medicine-position-statement-retain-school-meal-standards-and-healthy-school-lunches
#4
Joanna Buscemi, Angela Odoms-Young, Amy L Yaroch, Laura L Hayman, Bernardo Loiacono, Annie Herman, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In 2010, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) altered nutrition standards in the U.S. National School Lunch Program in an attempt to promote healthy eating and improve children's overall health. However, it was reported that these nutrition standard changes were leading to lower consumption of meals and an increase in plate waste. Initial research was unable to validate these reports. Despite these unsubstantiated claims, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released a proposal to roll back some of the nutritional standards implemented by the HHFKA in 2017...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663181/effects-of-dietary-organic-inorganic-and-nanoparticulate-selenium-sources-on-growth-hemato-immunological-and-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#5
Sadegh Saffari, Saeed Keyvanshokooh, Mohammad Zakeri, Seyed Ali Johari, Hossein Pasha-Zanoosi, Mansour Torfi Mozanzadeh
An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to compare the effects of supplementing (0.7 mg kg-1 ) different dietary selenium (Se) sources including organic [selenomethionine (SeMet)], inorganic [sodium selenite (Na2 SeO3 )], and nanoparticulate Se (nano-Se) on physiological responses of common carp, Cyprinus carpio juveniles (9.7 ± 0.1 g). Basal diet without Se supplementation used as control. Fish fed nano-Se supplemented diet had the highest weight gain (97.2 ± 10.8%) and feed efficiency ratio (42...
April 16, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659690/perspective-challenges-and-controversial-issues-in-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-1980-2015
#6
Marion Nestle
Since 1980, every edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) has recommended increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, but reduced consumption of saturated fat, sugars, and sodium and, therefore, their primary food sources. Every edition has generated controversy, mainly from producers of foods affected by "eat less" recommendations, particularly meat. Objections to the 2015 DGAs focused on environmental as well as scientific issues, but also on purported conflicts of interest among members of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658892/compact-dd-generator-based-i-in-vivo-i-neutron-activation-analysis-ivnaa-system-to-determine-sodium-concentrations-in-human-bone
#7
Mychaela Dawn Coyne, Colby R Neumann, Xinxin Zhang, Patrick Byrne, Yingzi Liu, Connie M Weaver, Linda Huiling Nie
This study presents the development of a non-invasive method for monitoring Na in human bone. Many diseases, such as hypertension and osteoporosis, are closely associated with sodium (Na) retention in the human body. Na retention is generally evaluated by calculating the difference between dietary intake and excretion. There is currently no method to directly quantify Na retained in the body. Bone is a storage for many elements, including Na, which renders bone Na an ideal biomarker to study Na metabolism and retention...
April 16, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656848/the-discipline-of-epidemiology-engaging-in-the-full-breadth-of-population-health-science
#8
EDITORIAL
Harold I Feldman
This address was delivered by Harold I. Feldman, MD, MSCE, at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology in New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 26, 2017. Dr. Feldman is George S. Pepper Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Professor of Epidemiology and Medicine, and Chair, Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He is recognized nationally and internationally for his expertise in kidney disease epidemiology...
March 21, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655682/pristimerin-a-naturally-occurring-triterpenoid-attenuates-tumorigenesis-in-experimental-colitis-associated-colon-cancer
#9
Ju-Hyung Park, Jin-Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Pristimerin is a quinonemethide triterpenoid with anti-cancer, anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-protozoal activity. However, the therapeutic role of pristimerin in colitis-associated colorectal carcinogenesis is unknown. PURPOSE: We sought to examine the therapeutic effects of pristimerin on colitis-associated colon cancer induced in mice using azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The goal was to identify the potential mechanism of action underlying the pharmacological activity of pristimerin...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648569/the-childhood-role-in-development-of-primary-hypertension
#10
Bonita Falkner
Primary hypertension is not just an adult disorder. Current US population data on children and adolescents demonstrate a prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension combined of over 10%. Recent reports from prospective cohort studies describe an association of high BP in childhood with hypertension in young adulthood. Excess adiposity is strongly associated with higher BP in childhood and increases risk for hypertension in adulthood. In addition to overweight/obesity, other exposures that raise the risk for high BP include low birthweight, dietary sodium, and stress...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644055/pretreatment-of-enteral-nutrition-with-sodium-polystyrene-sulfonate-effective-but-beware-the-high-prevalence-of-electrolyte-derangements-in-clinical-practice
#11
Krisha Le Palma, Elisha Rampolla Pavlick, Lawrence Copelovitch
Background: Current treatment options for chronic hyperkalemia in children with chronic kidney disease include dietary restrictions or enteral sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS); however, dietary restrictions may compromise adequate nutrition and enteral SPS may be limited by palatability, adverse effects and feeding tube obstruction. A potentially safer alternative is to pretreat enteral nutrition (EN) with SPS prior to consumption. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pretreating EN with SPS in pediatric patients with hyperkalemia...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642367/re-dietary-sodium-restriction-reduces-nocturnal-urine-volume-and-nocturnal-polyuria-index-in-renal-allograft-recipients-with-nocturnal-polyuria
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629030/household-food-insecurity-diet-quality-and-weight-status-among-indigenous-women-mah-meri-in-peninsular-malaysia
#13
Chong Su Pei, Geeta Appannah, Norhasmah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study assessed household food security status and determined its association with diet quality and weight status among indigenous women from the Mah Meri tribe in Peninsular Malaysia. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The Radimer/Cornell Hunger and Food Insecurity Instrument and the Malaysian Healthy Eating Index (HEI) were used to assess household food security status and diet quality, respectively. Information on socio-demographic characteristics and 24-hour dietary recall data were collected through face-to-face interview, and anthropometric measurements including weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) were obtained from 222 women...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628462/-long-term-dietary-nitrite-and-nitrate-deficiency-causes-metabolic-syndrome-endothelial-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-death-in-mice
#14
Mika Kina-Tanada, Mayuko Sakanashi, Akira Arasaki, Masato Tsutsui
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized not only from L-arginine by NO synthases (NOSs), but also from its inert metabolites, nitrite and nitrate. Green leafy vegetables are abundant in nitrate, however whether or not a deficiency in dietary nitrite/nitrate spontaneously causes disease remains to be clarified. In this study, we tested our hypothesis that long-term dietary nitrite/nitrate deficiency induces metabolic syndrome (MetS) in mice. To this end, we prepared a low nitrite/nitrate diet (LND) consisting of an amino acid-based low nitrite/nitrate chow in which the contents of L-arginine, fat, carbohydrates, protein, and energy were identical with a regular chow, and potable ultrapure water...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627063/high-fiber-dietary-and-sodium-butyrate-attenuate-experimental-autoimmune-hepatitis-through-regulation-of-immune-regulatory-cells-and-intestinal-barrier
#15
En-De Hu, Da-Zhi Chen, Jin-Lu Wu, Feng-Bin Lu, Lu Chen, Ming-Hua Zheng, Hui Li, Yu Huang, Ji Li, Xiao-Ya Jin, Yue-Wen Gong, Zhuo Lin, Xiao-Dong Wang, Lan-Man Xu, Yong-Ping Chen
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is chronic autoimmune liver disease accompanied with the imbalance of Treg/Th17 and increased intestinal permeability. We investigated the effects of a high fiber diet and sodium butyrate on the Treg/Th17 and intestinal barrier function in an experimental autoimmune hepatitis. Intraperitoneal injection of hepatic antigen (S100) was used to induce experimental autoimmune hepatitis mice model and mice were divided into normal control, S100 model control, S100 plus high fiber diet and S100 plus sodium butyrate...
March 22, 2018: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617962/assessment-of-the-minimal-available-phosphorus-needs-of-laying-hens-implications-for-phosphorus-management-strategies
#16
M Jing, S Zhao, A Rogiewicz, B A Slominski, J D House
The oversupply of dietary phosphorus (P) leads to increased feed costs and discharge of excessive P to the environment, thus directly impacting the sustainability of egg production practices. The present study was conducted to better define the minimal available P needs of laying hens. Fifty-six Lohmann white laying hens were individually caged and fed one of 7 diets with graded levels of available P (0.15, 0.20, 0.25, 0.30, 0.35, 0.40, or 0.45%) for 12 weeks. Records were maintained for body weight, feed intake, and egg production during the experimental period...
March 28, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617220/the-association-of-dietary-and-urinary-sodium-with-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Somaye Fatahi, Nazli Namazi, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Although some earlier studies have indicated an association between dietary/urinary sodium and bone mass density (BMD), bone mass content (BMC), and the risk of osteoporosis (OS), findings are still conflicting. The aim of this study was to summarize the relation of dietary/urinary sodium with BMD, BMC, and the risk of OS. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search up to April 2017 in PubMed/MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Web of Science to find relevant studies...
April 4, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608553/effect-of-salt-intervention-on-serum-levels-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-fgf23-in-chinese-adults-an-intervention-study
#18
Jia-Wen Hu, Yang Wang, Chao Chu, Jian-Jun Mu
BACKGROUND Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a prominent regulator of phosphate and calcium metabolism, regulates sodium excretion in distal tubules through sodium-chloride cotransporter. This effect regulates blood pressure. Salt intake exerts effects on serum levels of FGF23 in mice. The aim of this study was to explore whether salt intervention affects serum concentrations of FGF23 in Chinese adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 44 participants from Lantian, a rural community of Shaanxi, China. All participants were maintained on a three-day normal diet, which was sequentially followed by a seven-day low-Na+ diet and seven-day high-Na+ diet...
April 2, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606103/study-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-combined-educational-and-environmental-intervention-trial-to-lower-sodium-intake-in-swiss-employees
#19
Sigrid Beer-Borst, Xhyljeta Luta, Stefanie Hayoz, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Corinna Gréa Krause, Julia Eisenblätter, Sandra Jent, Stefan Siegenthaler, Rafael Aubert, Max Haldimann, Pasquale Strazzullo
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure is a primary cardiovascular disease risk factor. Population-wide governmental strategies aim to reduce lifestyle and dietary risk factors for hypertension, one of which is an unbalanced diet with high sodium and low potassium intakes. Nutrition interventions in the workplace are considered a promising approach in encouraging health-promoting behaviors. We developed and conducted the health promoting sodium reduction trial "Healthful & Tasty: Sure!" in worksites in the German-speaking part of Switzerland from May 2015 to Nov 2016, for which we present the study protocol and baseline characteristics...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604181/a-default-option-to-enhance-nutrition-within-financial-constraints-a-randomized-controlled-proof-of-principle-trial
#20
Jaime A Coffino, Julia M Hormes
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the feasibility and initial efficacy of a novel default option intervention targeting nutritional quality of online grocery purchases within the financial constraints of food insecurity. METHODS: Female undergraduates (n = 59) without eating disorder symptoms or dietary restrictions selected foods online with a budget corresponding to maximum Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits. Before completing the task again, participants were randomly assigned to receive a $10 incentive for selecting nutritious groceries (n = 17), education about nutrition (n = 24), or a default online shopping cart containing a nutritionally balanced selection of groceries (n = 18) to which they could make changes...
March 31, 2018: Obesity
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