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Živa Cotič, Rebecca Rees, Petra A Wark, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: In 2013, there was a shortage of approximately 7.2 million health workers worldwide, which is larger among family physicians than among specialists. eLearning could provide a potential solution to some of these global workforce challenges. However, there is little evidence on factors facilitating or hindering implementation, adoption, use, scalability and sustainability of eLearning. This review aims to synthesise results from qualitative and mixed methods studies to provide insight on factors influencing implementation of eLearning for family medicine specialty education and training...
October 19, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Arash Hadadgar, Tahereh Changiz, Italo Masiello, Zahra Dehghani, Nahidossadat Mirshahzadeh, Nabil Zary
BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GP) update their knowledge and skills by participating in continuing medical education (CME) programs either in a traditional or an e-Learning format. GPs' beliefs about electronic format of CME have been studied but without an explicit theoretical framework which makes the findings difficult to interpret. In other health disciplines, researchers used theory of planned behavior (TPB) to predict user's behavior. METHODS: In this study, an instrument was developed to investigate GPs' intention to use e-Learning in CME based on TPB...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Jo River, Jane Currie, Tonia Crawford, Vasiliki Betihavas, Sue Randall
BACKGROUND: Technological advancements are rapidly changing nursing education in higher education settings. Nursing academics are enthusiastically blending technology with active learning approaches such as Team Based Learning (TBL). While the educational outcomes of TBL are well documented, the value of blending technology with TBL (blended-TBL) remains unclear. This paper presents a systematic review examining the effectiveness of blended-TBL in higher education health disciplines. OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed to identify how technology has been incorporated into TBL in higher education health disciplines...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
T Danielle Samulski, Teresa La, Roseann I Wu
Clinical training imposes time and resource constraints on educators and learners, making it difficult to provide and absorb meaningful instruction. Additionally, innovative and personalized education has become an expectation of adult learners. Fortunately, the development of web-based educational tools provides a possible solution to these challenges. Within this review, we introduce the utility of adaptive eLearning platforms in pathology education. In addition to a review of the current literature, we provide the reader with a suggested approach for module creation, as well as a critical assessment of an available platform, based on our experience in creating adaptive eLearning modules for teaching basic concepts in gynecologic cytopathology...
November 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Ekaterina Kutafina, David Laukamp, Ralf Bettermann, Ulrik Schroeder, Stephan M Jonas
In this paper, we propose a novel approach to eLearning that makes use of smart wearable sensors. Traditional eLearning supports the remote and mobile learning of mostly theoretical knowledge. Here we discuss the possibilities of eLearning to support the training of manual skills. We employ forearm armbands with inertial measurement units and surface electromyography sensors to detect and analyse the user's hand motions and evaluate their performance. Hand hygiene is chosen as the example activity, as it is a highly standardized manual task that is often not properly executed...
2016: Sensors
Sarah Stotz, Jung Sun Lee, Hui Rong, Deborah Murray
BACKGROUND: Online eLearning may be an innovative, efficient, and cost-effective method of providing nutrition education to a diverse low-income audience. AIMS: The intent of this project is to examine perceptions of nutrition educators regarding the feasibility of an eLearning nutrition education program tailored to low-income Georgians. METHOD: Semistructured individual interviews were conducted, guided by the constructivist theory. The interview guide focused on three themes: accessibility, literacy, and content...
August 9, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Helen J Reid, Clare Thomson, Kieran J McGlade
BACKGROUND: Elearning is ubiquitous in healthcare professions education. Its equivalence to 'traditional' educational delivery methods is well established. There is a research imperative to clarify when and how to use elearning most effectively to mitigate the potential of it becoming merely a 'disruptive technology.' Research has begun to broadly identify challenges encountered by elearning users. In this study, we explore in depth the perceived obstacles to elearning engagement amongst medical students...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Luis Fernandez-Luque, Vivian Vilmarlund, Elizabeth Borycki, Stefan Schulz, Craig Kuziemsky, Michael Marschollek, Casimir A Kulikowski
The Internet and social media are becoming ubiquitous technologies that are transforming the health sector. Social media has become an avenue for accessing, creating and sharing health information among patients and healthcare professionals. Furthermore, social media has become a key feature in many eHealth solutions, including wearable technologies, Big Data solutions, eLearning systems, Serious Games, Medical imaging, etc. These hyper-connected technologies are facilitating a paradigm shift towards more connected health...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Sari Palojoki, Tuuli Pajunen, Kaija Saranto, Lasse Lehtonen
BACKGROUND: The rapid expansion in the use of electronic health records (EHR) has increased the number of medical errors originating in health information systems (HIS). The sociotechnical approach helps in understanding risks in the development, implementation, and use of EHR and health information technology (HIT) while accounting for complex interactions of technology within the health care system. OBJECTIVE: This study addresses two important questions: (1) "which of the common EHR error types are associated with perceived high- and extreme-risk severity ratings among EHR users?", and (2) "which variables are associated with high- and extreme-risk severity ratings?" METHODS: This study was a quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive study of EHR users...
2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
D Pham, N Hardcastle, F Foroudi, T Kron, M Bressel, B Hilder, B Chesson, R Oates, R Montgomery, D Ball, S Siva
AIMS: In technically advanced multicentre clinical trials, participating centres can benefit from a credentialing programme before participating in the trial. Education of staff in participating centres is an important aspect of a successful clinical trial. In the multicentre study of fractionated versus single fraction stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy in lung oligometastases (TROG 13.01), knowledge transfer of stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy techniques to the local multidisciplinary team is intended as part of the credentialing process...
September 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Evelyn J Corner, Jonathan M Handy, Stephen J Brett
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of eLearning in the widespread standardised teaching, distribution and implementation of the Chelsea Critical Care Physical Assessment (CPAx) tool-a validated tool to assess physical function in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective educational study. An eLearning module was developed through a conceptual framework, using the four-stage technique for skills teaching to teach clinicians how to use the CPAx. Example and test video case studies of CPAx assessments were embedded within the module...
2016: BMJ Open
Adam J Rock, William L Coventry, Methuen I Morgan, Natasha M Loi
Generally, academic psychologists are mindful of the fact that, for many students, the study of research methods and statistics is anxiety provoking (Gal et al., 1997). Given the ubiquitous and distributed nature of eLearning systems (Nof et al., 2015), teachers of research methods and statistics need to cultivate an understanding of how to effectively use eLearning tools to inspire psychology students to learn. Consequently, the aim of the present paper is to discuss critically how using eLearning systems might engage psychology students in research methods and statistics...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Poh Sun Goh
This Personal View elaborates on my strong conviction that the excitement and positive feelings that many of us have for eLearning or Technology enhanced learning (TeL) is well founded, and will argue why our hopes are justified, and not misplaced. In a nutshell, I believe that eLearning or TeL is a significant advance from previous generations of educational innovation, and offers benefits for students, educators and administrators; by synergistically combining the capabilities of digital content, the Internet, and mobile technology, supported by software and applications or "Apps"...
September 2016: Medical Teacher
Simone L Van Es, Rakesh K Kumar, Wendy M Pryor, Elizabeth L Salisbury, Gary M Velan
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic cytopathology is an essential part of clinical decision-making. However, due to a combination of factors including curriculum reform and shortage of pathologists to teach introductory cytopathology, this area of pathology receives little or no formal attention in most medical school curricula. We have previously described the successful use of efficient and effective digital learning resources, including whole slide images (WSI) and virtual microscopy adaptive tutorials (VMATs), to teach cytopathology to pathology specialist trainees - a group that had prior exposure to cytopathology in their day to day practice...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Kate Curtis, Taneal Wiseman, Belinda Kennedy, Sarah Kourouche, Helen Goldsmith
The majority of trauma nursing education is focused on the emergency phases of care. We describe the development and evaluation of a trauma eLearning module for the ward environment. The module was developed using adult learning principles and implemented in 2 surgical wards. There were 3 phases of evaluation: (1) self-efficacy of nurses; (2) relevance and usability of the module and; (3) application of knowledge learnt. The majority indicated they had applied new knowledge, particularly when performing a physical assessment (85...
January 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Briana B Rider, Silje C Lier, Tisha K Johnson, Dale J Hu
In August 2014, the U.S. DHHS's Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion released the National Action Plan for Adverse Drug Event Prevention, highlighting prevention of diabetes agent-related hypoglycemia as a key area for improvement. In support of the Action Plan, the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion then developed a web-based interactive module, or eLearning lesson, based on formative research and stakeholder feedback to educate healthcare professionals on strategies to prevent adverse drug events from diabetes agents...
January 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Aman Sium, Meredith Giuliani, Janet Papadakos
Since the early 2000s, web and digital health information and education has progressed in both volume and innovation (Dutta-Bergman 2006; Mano, Computers in Human Behavior 39 404 412, 2014). A growing number of leading Canadian health institutions (e.g., hospitals, community health centers, and health ministries) are migrating much of their vital public health information and education, once restricted to pamphlets and other physically distributed materials, to online platforms. Examples of these platforms are websites and web pages, eLearning modules, eBooks, streamed classrooms, audiobooks, and online health videos...
November 18, 2015: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Poh Sun Goh
Technology enhanced learning or eLearning allows educators to expand access to educational content, promotes engagement with students and makes it easier for students to access educational material at a time, place and pace which suits them. The challenge for educators beginning their eLearning journey is to decide where to start, which includes the choice of an eLearning tool and platform. This article will share one educator's decision making process, and experience using blogs as a flexible and versatile integrated eLearning tool and platform...
June 2016: Medical Teacher
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
OBJECTIVE: Preventing obesity among young adults should be a preferred public health approach given the limited efficacy of treatment interventions. This study examined whether weight gain can be prevented by online approaches using two different behavioral models, one overtly directed at obesity and the other covertly. METHODS: A three-group parallel randomized controlled intervention was conducted in 2012-2013; 20,975 young adults were allocated a priori to one control and two "treatment" groups...
December 2015: Obesity
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Nicole Bergen, Anne Schlotheuber
BACKGROUND: Health equity is a priority in the post-2015 sustainable development agenda and other major health initiatives. The World Health Organization (WHO) has a history of promoting actions to achieve equity in health, including efforts to encourage the practice of health inequality monitoring. Health inequality monitoring systems use disaggregated data to identify disadvantaged subgroups within populations and inform equity-oriented health policies, programs, and practices. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides an overview of a number of recent and current WHO initiatives related to health inequality monitoring at the global and/or national level...
2015: Global Health Action
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