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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111906/types-of-smokers-who-seek-smoking-cessation-treatment-according-to-psychopathology
#1
Úrsula Martínez, Elena Fernández Del Río, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elisardo Becoña
Psychopathology and psychological distress have been shown to be related to poor smoking cessation outcomes and abstinence maintenance. Thus, it is important to identify individuals with high levels of psychopathology before undergoing smoking cessation treatment in order to increase their likelihood of success. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the present study was to analyze whether we could classify smokers by using self-reported measures of psychopathology. In addition, a secondary aim was to examine if there were significant differences among the groups of smokers regarding sociodemographic information, nicotine dependence, and cessation rates at the end of treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072481/classification-accuracy-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-restructured-form-validity-scales-in-detecting-malingered-pain-related-disability
#2
Kevin J Bianchini, Luis E Aguerrevere, Kelly L Curtis, Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, F Charles Frey, Kevin W Greve, Matthew Calamia
The symptom reports of individuals with chronic pain are multidimensional (e.g., emotional, cognitive, and somatic) and significantly contribute to increased morbidity and lost work productivity. When pain occurs in the context of a legally compensable event, reliable assessment of a patient's multifactorial symptom experience during psychological or neuropsychological evaluations is a necessity. The Validity Scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) have been shown useful in identifying symptom overreporting and feigning within chronic pain samples and a number of studies have emerged supporting the use of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the detection of simulated or feigned impairment in a variety of populations...
October 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994350/the-validity-of-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-symptom-validity-scale-fbs-fbs-r-is-established-reply-to-nichols-2017
#3
Glenn J Larrabee, Kevin J Bianchini, Kyle B Boone, Martin L Rohling
We reply to Nichols' (2017) critique of our commentary on the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF Symptom Validity Scale (FBS/FBS-r) as a measure of symptom exaggeration versus a measure of litigation response syndrome (LRS). Nichols claims that we misrepresented the thrust of the original paper he co-authored with Gass; namely, that they did not represent that the FBS/FBS-r were measures of LRS but rather, intended to convey that the FBS/RBS-r were indeterminate as to whether the scales measured LRS or measured symptom exaggeration...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953785/personality-disorders-features-in-a-sample-of-women-with-perinatal-depression-in-perugia-italy
#4
Emanuela Lucarini, Luigi Attademo, Patrizia Moretti, Giulio Spollon, Sandro Elisei, Roberto Quartesan, Alfonso Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Antepartum depression (APD) and postpartum depression (PPD) are a significant public health problem. Aim of the study was to determine which personality disorders features could be found in women with APD and PPD compared to women without perinatal depression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) were administered during peripartum to a sample of 54 women recruited at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit, Perugia (Italy)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917190/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-dissociation-between-childhood-trauma-and-two-different-types-of-psychosis-like-experience
#5
Ji Young Choi
This study examined the roles of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and dissociation in the relationship between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience, including persecutory ideation and aberrant experience, in non-psychotic psychiatric patients. From August 2015 to August 2016, among psychiatric out patients seeking treatment at the Department of Psychiatry at a major teaching medical hospital in Seoul, Korea, 169 patients who had never been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, including schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, and/or depressive disorder with psychotic features, completed the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the modified Korean version of the Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and the Korean Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829224/the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-symptom-validity-scale-fbs-fbs-r-is-not-a-measure-of-litigation-response-syndrome-commentary-on-nichols-and-gass-2015
#6
Glenn J Larrabee, Kevin J Bianchini, Kyle B Boone, Martin L Rohling
OBJECTIVES: To address (1) Whether there is empirical evidence for the contention of Nichols and Gass that the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-RF FBS/FBS-r Symptom Validity Scale is a measure of Litigation Response Syndrome (LRS), representing a credible set of responses and reactions of claimants to the experience of being in litigation, rather than a measure of non-credible symptom report, as the scale is typically used; and (2) to address their stated concerns about the validity of FBS/FBS-r meta-analytic results, and the risk of false positive elevations in persons with bona-fide medical conditions...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661171/utility-of-the-mmpi-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-in-a-sample-of-lithuanian-male-offenders
#7
Ilona Laurinaitytė, Alfredas Laurinavičius, Laura Ustinavičiūtė, Dustin B Wygant, Martin Sellbom
The aim of the current study was to examine the construct validity of the Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI]-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) in a correctional setting. More specifically, we examined the associations between MMPI-2-RF scales with external variables relevant for sentence planning as well as the relationship with risk of reconviction assessed with the Offender Assessment System (OASys; Home Office, 2002). A random sample of 228 male offenders from Lithuanian custodial institutions was selected for the study...
October 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647552/clinical-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-the-assessment-of-major-depression-after-broad-spectrum-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Jacobus Donders, Adriene Pendery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) when screening for symptoms of depression after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months. SETTING: Regional rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Persons (N=137) with mild to severe traumatic brain injury who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1 to 12 months...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639845/between-the-pew-and-the-pulpit-can-personality-measures-help-identify-sexually-abusive-clergy
#9
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627924/clusters-of-financially-incentivized-chronic-pain-patients-using-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf
#10
Luis E Aguerrevere, Matthew R Calamia, Kevin W Greve, Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis, Veronica Ramirez
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) has been shown to have clinical utility in the assessment of individuals with chronic pain (e.g., predicting surgical outcomes). The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of the MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales in profiling patients with chronic pain who had external financial incentive (e.g., workers' compensation claims) and determine the associations between Validity Scale response patterns and important outcomes. Cluster analysis identified 2 similarly sized clusters of patients with very different MMPI-2-RF profiles...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627922/inconsistent-responding-on-the-mmpi-2-rf-and-uncooperative-attitude-evidence-from-cognitive-performance-validity-measures
#11
Roger O Gervais, Anthony M Tarescavage, Manfred F Greiffenstein, Dustin B Wygant, Cheryl Deslauriers, Patricia Arends
It is generally well understood that possible reasons for inconsistent responding on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), as measured by the Variable Response Inconsistency (VRIN-r) and True Response Inconsistency (TRIN-r) scales, include reading or language limitations, cognitive impairment, and intentional random responding; however, the interpretive recommendations for the test suggest that higher scores on these scales can also result from an uncooperative test-taking approach...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618858/equivalence-of-laptop-and-tablet-administrations-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form
#12
William H Menton, Adam H Crighton, Anthony M Tarescavage, Ryan J Marek, Adam D Hicks, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The present study investigated the comparability of laptop computer- and tablet-based administration modes for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Employing a counterbalanced within-subjects design, the MMPI-2-RF was administered via both modes to a sample of college undergraduates ( N = 133). Administration modes were compared in terms of mean scale scores, internal consistency, test-retest consistency, external validity, and administration time. Mean scores were generally similar, and scores produced via both methods appeared approximately equal in terms of internal consistency and test-retest consistency...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617140/introduction-to-the-special-section-linking-the-mmpi-2-rf-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathology
#13
Martin Sellbom, Paul A Arbisi
This special section considers 9 independent articles that seek to link the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/ 2011 ) to contemporary models of psychopathology. Sellbom ( this issue ) maps the Specific Problems scales onto hierarchical psychopathology structures, whereas Romero, Toorabally, Burchett, Tarescavage, and Glassmire ( this issue ) and Shkalim, Almagor, and Ben-Porath ( this issue ) show evidence of linking the instruments' scales to diagnostic representations of common higher order psychopathology constructs...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613018/a-pilot-study-on-the-chinese-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-in-detecting-feigned-mental-disorders-simulators-classified-by-using-the-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms
#14
Yi-Ting Chang, Wai-Cheong C Tam, Yung-Jong Shiah, Shih-Kuang Chiang
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is often used in forensic psychological/psychiatric assessment. This was a pilot study on the utility of the Chinese MMPI-2 in detecting feigned mental disorders. The sample consisted of 194 university students who were either simulators (informed or uninformed) or controls. All the participants were administered the Chinese MMPI-2 and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). The results of the SIRS-2 were utilized to classify the participants into the feigning or control groups...
June 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585455/examination-of-the-modified-somatic-perception-questionnaire-mspq-in-a-large-sample-of-credible-and-noncredible-patients-referred-for-neuropsychological-testing
#15
Mariam Balasanyan, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Deborah Miora, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated MSPQ sensitivity to noncredible PVT performance in the context of external incentive, and examined MSPQ false positive rates in noncompensation-seeking neuropsychology patients; and investigated effects of ethnicity/culture, gender, and somatoform diagnosis on MSPQ scores, and relationships with PVT and MMPI-2-RF data. METHOD: MSPQ scores were compared in credible (n = 110) and noncredible (n = 153) neuropsychology referrals...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575766/increased-odds-and-predictive-rates-of-mmpi-2-rf-scale-elevations-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-and-observed-sex-differences
#16
Victor A Del Bene, Miguel Arce Rentería, Moshe Maiman, Mitch Slugh, Deana M Gazzola, Siddhartha S Nadkarni, William B Barr
OBJECTIVE: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is a self-report instrument, previously shown to differentiate patients with epileptic seizures (ES) and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). At present, the odds of MMPI-2-RF scale elevations in PNES patients, as well as the diagnostic predictive value of such scale elevations, remain largely unexplored. This can be of clinical utility, particularly when a diagnosis is uncertain. METHOD: After looking at mean group differences, we applied contingency table derived odds ratios to a sample of ES (n=92) and PNES (n=77) patients from a video EEG (vEEG) monitoring unit...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557479/development-and-validation-of-an-overreporting-scale-for-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-pid-5
#17
Martin Sellbom, Sonya Dhillon, R Michael Bagby
Our aim in the current study was to develop a validity scale for the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) to detect noncredible overreported responding. To this end, we used a rare symptoms approach and identified extreme response options on PID-5 items that were infrequently endorsed by students in 3 different university samples (N = 1,370) and in a psychiatric patient sample (N = 194). The resulting 10-item scale (the PID-5-ORS) produced adequate-to-good estimates of internal reliability and was significantly correlated with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructued Form (MMPI-2-RF) overreporting validity scales, providing evidence of concurrent validity...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539077/clinical-utility-of-the-mbias-and-nsi-validity-10-to-detect-symptom-over-reporting-following-mild-tbi-a-multicenter-investigation-with-military-service-members
#18
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Douglas B Cooper, Chad E Grills, Wesley R Cole, Sara M Lippa, Robert L Stegman, Rael T Lange
Self-report measures are commonly relied upon in military healthcare environments to assess service members following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, such instruments are susceptible to over-reporting and rarely include validity scales. This study evaluated the utility of the mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms scale (mBIAS) and the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory Validity-10 scale to detect symptom over-reporting. A total of 359 service members with a reported history of mTBI were separated into two symptom reporting groups based on MMPI-2-RF validity scales (i...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430849/performance-and-symptom-validity-testing-as-a-function-of-medical-board-evaluation-in-u-s-military-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Wesley R Cole, Robert L Stegman
Objective: The study was designed to replicate and extend pervious findings demonstrating the high rates of invalid neuropsychological testing in military service members (SMs) with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) assessed in the context of a medical evaluation board (MEB). Method: Two hundred thirty-one active duty SMs (61 of which were undergoing an MEB) underwent neuropsychological assessment. Performance validity (Word Memory Test) and symptom validity (MMPI-2-RF) test data were compared across those evaluated within disability (MEB) and clinical contexts...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418709/psychological-assessment-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-3rd-ed-by-a-f-friedman-p-k-bolinskey-r-w-levak-d-s-nichols
#20
Elizabeth E Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
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