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Neuropsychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441649/home-based-physical-behavior-in-late-stage-parkinson-disease-dementia-differences-between-cognitive-subtypes
#1
Bernhard Cerff, Walter Maetzler, Patricia Sulzer, Malte Kampmeyer, Jos Prinzen, Markus A Hobert, Dominik Blum, Rob van Lummel, Silvia Del Din, Susanne Gräber, Daniela Berg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone
BACKGROUND: For the early diagnosis of Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), objective home-based tools are needed to quantify even mild stages of dysfunction of the activities of daily living (ADL). OBJECTIVES: In this pilot study, home-based physical behavior was assessed to examine whether it is possible to distinguish mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) from PDD. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with mild to severe Parkinson disease (PD) participated in this cross-sectional study...
April 26, 2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440861/findings-from-the-families-on-track-intervention-pilot-trial-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-and-their-families
#2
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Luther K Robinson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are at high risk for costly, debilitating mental health problems and secondary conditions, such as school disruption, trouble with the law, and substance use. The study objective was to pilot a multi-component intervention designed to prevent secondary conditions in children with FASD and improve family adaptation. METHODS: Thirty children with FASD or prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) (ages 4 to 8) and their primary caregivers were enrolled...
April 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438714/the-effect-of-morphological-and-microstructural-integrity-of-the-corpus-callosum-on-cognition-fatigue-and-depression-in-mildly-disabled-ms-patients
#3
Jeroen Van Schependom, Jeroen Gielen, Jorne Laton, Georgios Sotiropoulos, Anne-Marie Vanbinst, Johan De Mey, Dirk Smeets, Guy Nagels
Aim To assess the value of callosal morphological and microstructural integrity in assessing different cognitive domains, fatigue and depression in mildly disabled multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 29 mildly disabled MS patients and 15 healthy controls using 3T magnetic resonance images (T1-weighted, FLAIR and DTI) and neuropsychological tests assessing different cognitive functions, depression and fatigue. We compared the added value of morphological measures (corpus callosum area corrected for total intracranial volume, index, circularity and the more detailed thickness profile) and diffusion features (fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity) in multilinear models including standard clinical and whole-brain parameters in assessing neuropsychological scores...
April 21, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436744/cognitive-screening-in-substance-users-diagnostic-accuracies-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-revised-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment
#4
Nicole Ridley, Jennifer Batchelor, Brian Draper, Apo Demirkol, Nicholas Lintzeris, Adrienne Withall
INTRODUCTION: Despite the considerable prevalence of cognitive impairment in substance-using populations, there has been little investigation of the utility of cognitive screening measures within this context. In the present study the accuracy of three cognitive screening measures in this population was examined-the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). METHOD: A sample of 30 treatment-seeking substance users and 20 healthy individuals living in the community were administered the screening measures and a neuropsychological battery (NPB)...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436339/cognitive-sequelae-of-lithium-intoxication-a-case-report
#5
Stefan Frisch, Frank Grünwald, Benedikt Friedrichs
Lithium intoxication is known to induce cognitive deficits along with motor and behavioral changes, even in association with normal serum levels. However, cases with comprehensive neuropsychological assessment of the deficits are rare. In our patient, we initially found severe cognitive deficits, including apraxia and visuo-constructive problems, and temporo-parietal FDG-PET hypometabolism. Neuropsychological and imaging findings were highly suggestive of Alzheimer's disease. However, lithium intoxication was suspected to account for these findings because of a Parkinson's syndrome, despite serum levels being in the upper therapeutic range...
April 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434429/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-nighttime-driving-performance-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Nathan Cross, Zoe Terpening, Shantel L Duffy, Simon J G Lewis, Ron Grunstein, Keith Wong, Sharon L Naismith
OBJECTIVES: The effect of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) on driving performance in older adults has not been extensively investigated, especially in those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between severity measures of SDB and a simulated driving task in older adults with and without MCI. METHODS: Nineteen older adults (age ≥50) meeting criteria for MCI and 23 age-matched cognitively intact controls underwent neuropsychological assessment and a driving simulator task in the evening before a diagnostic sleep study...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433548/effects-of-sex-and-education-on-cognitive-change-over-a-27-year-period-in-older-adults-the-rancho-bernardo-study
#7
Emilie T Reas, Gail A Laughlin, Jaclyn Bergstrom, Donna Kritz-Silverstein, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Linda K McEvoy
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how cognitive function changes with age and whether rates of decline vary by sex or education in a large, homogenous longitudinal cohort characterized by high participation rates, long duration of follow-up, and minimal loss to follow-up. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Between 1988 and 2016, 2,225 community-dwelling participants of the Rancho Bernardo Study, aged 31 to 99 years at their initial cognitive assessment, completed neuropsychological testing approximately every 4 years, over a maximum 27-year follow-up...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433263/memory-assessment-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-to-predict-memory-impairment-after-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
P Parra-Díaz, N García-Casares
INTRODUCTION: Given that surgical treatment of refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy may cause memory impairment, determining which patients are eligible for surgery is essential. However, there is little agreement on which presurgical memory assessment methods are best able to predict memory outcome after surgery and identify those patients with a greater risk of surgery-induced memory decline. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic literature review to determine which presurgical memory assessment methods best predict memory outcome...
April 19, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432988/comprehension-of-concrete-and-abstract-words-in-semantic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-behavioral-and-neuroimaging-study
#9
Sven Joubert, Guillaume T Vallet, Maxime Montembeault, Mariem Boukadi, Maximiliano A Wilson, Robert Jr Laforce, Isabelle Rouleau, Simona M Brambati
The aim of this study was to investigate the comprehension of concrete, abstract and abstract emotional words in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and healthy elderly adults (HE) Three groups of participants (9 svPPA, 12 AD, 11 HE) underwent a general neuropsychological assessment, a similarity judgment task, and structural brain MRI. The three types of words were processed similarly in the group of AD participants. In contrast, patients in the svPPA group were significantly more impaired at processing concrete words than abstract words, while comprehension of abstract emotional words was in between...
April 19, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432781/cognitive-functioning-and-emotion-processing-in-breast-cancer-survivors-and-controls-an-erp-pilot-study
#10
Janine Wirkner, Mathias Weymar, Andreas Löw, Carmen Hamm, Anne-Marie Struck, Clemens Kirschbaum, Alfons O Hamm
Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is a very emotionally aversive and stressful life event, which can lead to impaired cognitive functioning and mental health. Breast cancer survivors responding with repressive emotion regulation strategies often show less adaptive coping and adverse outcomes. We investigated cognitive functioning and neural correlates of emotion processing using ERPs. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and fatigue, as well as hair cortisol as an index of chronic stress, were assessed...
April 22, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431841/cognitive-profile-and-disorders-affecting-higher-brain-functions-in-paediatric-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#11
E Vaucheret Paz, A López Ballent, C Puga, M J García Basalo, F Baliarda, C Ekonen, R Ilari, G Agosta
INTRODUCTION: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common neurocutaneous syndrome often associated with specific cognitive deficits that are rarely monitored during follow-up of these patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is two-fold. First, we aimed to describe the cognitive profile of patients with NF1 and detect disorders in higher brain functions associated with the disease. Second, we identified the reasons for consultation associated with school performance in these patients...
April 18, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431291/temporal-pole-abnormalities-detected-by-3-t-mri-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-due-to-hippocampal-sclerosis-no-influence-on-seizure-outcome-after-surgery
#12
Sara Casciato, Angelo Picardi, Alfredo D'Aniello, Marco De Risi, Giovanni Grillea, Pier Paolo Quarato, Addolorata Mascia, Liliana G Grammaldo, Giulio Nicolo' Meldolesi, Roberta Morace, Vincenzo Esposito, Giancarlo Di Gennaro
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical significance of temporal pole abnormalities (temporopolar blurring, TB, and temporopolar atrophy, TA) detected by using 3 Tesla MRI in the preoperative workup in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy due to hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) who underwent surgery. METHODS: We studied 78 consecutive patients with TLE-HS who underwent surgery and were followed up for at least 2 years. Based on findings of pre-surgical 3 Tesla MRI, patients were subdivided in subgroups according to the presence of TB or TA...
April 12, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431031/sandbagging-on-the-immediate-post-concussion-assessment-and-cognitive-testing-impact-in-a-high-school-athlete-population
#13
Kathryn L Higgins, Robert L Denney, Arthur Maerlender
The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a computerized neuropsychological test battery commonly used to assess cognitive functioning after a concussion. It is recommended that application of ImPACT utilizes a baseline administration so athletes have an individualized baseline with which to compare post-injury results should they sustain a concussion. It has been suggested that athletes may provide suboptimal effort, called "sandbagging," in order to return to their baseline cognitive scores, and thus to play, more quickly...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430849/performance-and-symptom-validity-testing-as-a-function-of-medical-board-evaluation-in-u-s-military-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Wesley R Cole, Robert L Stegman
Objective: The study was designed to replicate and extend pervious findings demonstrating the high rates of invalid neuropsychological testing in military service members (SMs) with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) assessed in the context of a medical evaluation board (MEB). Method: Two hundred thirty-one active duty SMs (61 of which were undergoing an MEB) underwent neuropsychological assessment. Performance validity (Word Memory Test) and symptom validity (MMPI-2-RF) test data were compared across those evaluated within disability (MEB) and clinical contexts...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428166/vascular-cognitive-impairment-in-a-memory-clinic-population-rationale-and-design-of-the-utrecht-amsterdam-clinical-features-and-prognosis-in-vascular-cognitive-impairment-trace-vci-study
#15
EDITORIAL
Jooske Marije Funke Boomsma, Lieza Geertje Exalto, Frederik Barkhof, Esther van den Berg, Jeroen de Bresser, Rutger Heinen, Huiberdina Lena Koek, Niels Daniël Prins, Philip Scheltens, Henry Chanoch Weinstein, Wiesje Maria van der Flier, Geert Jan Biessels
BACKGROUND: Vascular Cognitive Impairment (VCI) refers to cognitive dysfunction due to vascular brain injury, as a single cause or in combination with other, often neurodegenerative, etiologies. VCI is a broad construct that captures a heterogeneous patient population both in terms of cognitive and noncognitive symptoms and in terms of etiology and prognosis. This provides a challenge when applying this construct in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the rationale and design of the TRACE-VCI study, which investigates the clinical features and prognosis of VCI in a memory clinic setting...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427928/objective-versus-subjective-measures-of-executive-functions-predictors-of-participation-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Thialda T Vlagsma, Janneke Koerts, Oliver Tucha, Hilde T Dijkstra, Annelien A Duits, Teus van Laar, Jacoba M Spikman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether objective (neuropsychological tests) and subjective measures (questionnaires) of executive functions (EF) are associated in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and to determine to what extent level of participation and QoL of PD patients can be predicted by these measures of EF. DESIGN: Correlational research design (case-control and prediction design). SETTING: Assessment took place at departments of Neuropsychology of three medical centers in The Netherlands...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426248/variability-in-neurocognitive-performance-age-gender-and-school-related-differences-in-children-and-from-ages-6-to-12
#17
Renata Kochhann, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Janice da Rosa Pureza, Vanisa Fante Viapiana, Flavia Dos Passos Fonseca, Rochele Paz Fonseca, Jerusa Fumagali Salles
Cognitive development in children presents peculiarities according to groups of age, gender, and type of school. Few studies have been investigating the effects of all these factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the main effects and the interactions of age, gender, and type of school in 419 children from ages 6 to 12 years old evaluated by the Child Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NEUPSILIN-Inf). Older children, children in private schools and girls presented better results. Interactions between all three independent variables were observed in different cognitive domains...
April 20, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424901/driving-with-a-neurodegenerative-disorder-an-overview-of-the-current-literature
#18
REVIEW
Milou Jacobs, Ellen P Hart, Raymund A C Roos
Driving is important for employment, social activities, and for the feeling of independence. The decision to cease driving affects the quality of life and has been associated with reduced mobility, social isolation, and sadness. Patients with neurodegenerative disorders can experience difficulties while driving due to their cognitive, motor, and behavioral impairments. The aim of this review is to summarize the available literature on changes in driving competence and behavior in patients with neurodegenerative disorders, with a particular focus on Huntington's (HD), Parkinson's (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424612/an-examination-of-brain-abnormalities-and-mobility-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Barbara L Fischer, Rhonda Bacher, Barbara B Bendlin, Alex C Birdsill, Martina Ly, Siobhan M Hoscheidt, Richard J Chappell, Jane E Mahoney, Carey E Gleason
Background: Mobility changes are concerning for elderly patients with cognitive decline. Given frail older individuals' vulnerability to injury, it is critical to identify contributors to limited mobility. Objective: To examine whether structural brain abnormalities, including reduced gray matter volume and white matter hyperintensities, would be associated with limited mobility among individuals with cognitive impairment, and to determine whether cognitive impairment would mediate this relationship. Methods: Thirty-four elderly individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease underwent neuropsychological evaluation, mobility assessment, and structural brain neuroimaging...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424560/an-exploratory-study-of-host-polymorphisms-in-genes-that-clinically-characterize-breast-cancer-tumors-and-pretreatment-cognitive-performance-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#20
Theresa A Koleck, Catherine M Bender, Beth Z Clark, Christopher M Ryan, Puja Ghotkar, Adam Brufsky, Priscilla F McAuliffe, Priya Rastogi, Susan M Sereika, Yvette P Conley
PURPOSE: Inspired by the hypothesis that heterogeneity in the biology of breast cancers at the cellular level may account for cognitive dysfunction symptom variability in survivors, the current study explored relationships between host single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 25 breast cancer-related candidate genes (AURKA, BAG1, BCL2, BIRC5, CCNB1, CD68, CENPA, CMC2, CTSL2, DIAPH3, ERBB2, ESR1, GRB7, GSTM1, MELK, MKI67, MMP11, MYBL2, NDC80, ORC6, PGR, RACGAP1, RFC4, RRM2, and SCUBE2), identified from clinically relevant prognostic multigene-expression profiles for breast cancer, and pretreatment cognitive performance...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
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