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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#1
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769371/how-are-we-currently-training-and-maintaining-clinical-readiness-of-us-and-uk-military-surgeons-responsible-for-managing-head-face-and-neck-wounds-on-deployment
#2
John Breeze, J G Combes, J DuBose, D B Powers
INTRODUCTION: The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan provided military surgeons from the USA and the UK with extensive experience into the management of injuries to the head, face and neck (HFN) from high energy bullets and explosive weaponry. The challenge is now to maintain the expertise in managing such injuries for future military deployments. METHODS: The manner in which each country approaches four parameters required for a surgeon to competently treat HFN wounds in deployed military environments was compared...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769368/the-reconstructive-trauma-surgery-interface-fellowship-and-its-applicability-to-military-and-civilian-trainees
#3
EDITORIAL
Douglas Hammond, J Breeze, D Evriviades
The Reconstructive Trauma Surgery Fellowship is a based at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, and focuses on the multidisciplinary management of major trauma from presentation to discharge. It is unique to the UK in that it provides both management and leadership experience as well as operative surgical skills particularly in terms of reconstruction on complex trauma patients including those from the military. This paper describes the relevance of fellowships in modern surgical training, composition of the reconstructive trauma fellowship and the relevance for both civilian and military trainees...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767315/current-state-of-surgical-training-using-cadavers-in-japan-compared-with-western-countries
#4
Eiji Kobayashi, Jiro Nudeshima
Surgical skill training using cadavers is important for surgeons to gain an understanding of anatomical approaches. However, the laws and guidelines stipulating surgical technique training using corpses differ in each country. We discuss the new guidelines and the current situation in Japan in comparison with that in Western Europe and the United States.
May 16, 2018: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763509/surgical-approach-to-hysterectomy-and-barriers-to-using-minimally-invasive-methods
#5
Monika Janda, Nigel R Armfield, Gayle Kerr, Suzanne Kurz, Graeme Jackson, Jason Currie, Katie Page, Edward Weaver, Anusch Yazdani, Andreas Obermair
Minimally invasive approaches to hysterectomy have been shown to be safe, effective and have recovery advantages over open hysterectomy, yet in Australia 36% of hysterectomies are still conducted by open surgery. In 2006, a survey of Australian gynaecological specialists found the main impediment to increasing laparoscopic hysterectomy to be a lack of surgical skills training opportunities. We resurveyed specialists to explore contemporary factors influencing surgeons' approaches to hysterectomy; 258 (estimated ~19%) provided analysable responses...
May 15, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762115/effects-of-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-duty-hour-regulations-on-clinical-preparedness-of-first-year-orthopaedic-attendings-a-survey-of-senior-orthopaedic-surgeons
#6
Steven T DiSegna, Timothy D Kelley, Deborah M DeMarco, Abhay R Patel
It is unclear how the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) resident duty hour restriction has affected attending orthopaedic surgeons in their first year of practice. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical preparedness of first-year orthopaedic attending surgeons who trained with ACGME duty hour regulations versus those trained without regulations. Senior orthopaedic surgeons with greater than 10 years of experience were surveyed and results indicate that first-year attendings who trained with ACGME duty hour regulations required more supervision reviewing cases preoperatively, required more assistance completing operative cases, had inferior technical skills, had more major operative complications, had poorer physical exam skills, and delivered an inferior quality of care...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761352/examining-validity-evidence-for-a-simulation-based-assessment-tool-for-basic-robotic-surgical-skills
#7
Maria Cecilie Havemann, Torur Dalsgaard, Jette Led Sørensen, Kristin Røssaak, Steffen Brisling, Berit Jul Mosgaard, Claus Høgdall, Flemming Bjerrum
Increasing focus on patient safety makes it important to ensure surgical competency among surgeons before operating on patients. The objective was to gather validity evidence for a virtual-reality simulator test for robotic surgical skills and evaluate its potential as a training tool. Surgeons with varying experience in robotic surgery were recruited: novices (zero procedures), intermediates (1-50), experienced (> 50). Five experienced surgeons rated five exercises on the da Vinci Skills Simulator. Participants were tested using the five exercises...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761273/a-randomised-trial-of-observational-learning-from-2d-and-3d-models-in-robotically-assisted-surgery
#8
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson, John S McGrath, Marie-Eve LeBel, Gavin Buckingham
BACKGROUND: Advances in 3D technology mean that both robotic surgical devices and surgical simulators can now incorporate stereoscopic viewing capabilities. While depth information may benefit robotic surgical performance, it is unclear whether 3D viewing also aids skill acquisition when learning from observing others. As observational learning plays a major role in surgical skills training, this study aimed to evaluate whether 3D viewing provides learning benefits in a robotically assisted surgical task...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753685/endoscopic-ear-surgery-skills-training-improves-medical-student-performance
#9
Matthew M Dedmon, Deborah X Xie, Brendan P O Connell, Neal P Dillon, Patrick S Wellborn, Marc L Bennett, David S Haynes, Robert F Labadie, Alejandro Rivas
OBJECTIVE: Analyze medical student performance using an endoscopic ear surgery (EES) skills trainer over time. DESIGN: Simulation experience. SETTING: Surgical skills lab. PARTICIPANTS: Five medical students and 1 expert surgeon completed 3 training sessions using an EES trainer to practice specific tasks designed to improve instrument control. During each session, participants performed 3 tasks, such as placing beads onto wires, 5 times per session for a total of 15 trials per task...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750064/review-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-in-a-psychiatry-clerkship
#10
Edwin Meresh, David Daniels, Aparna Sharma, Murali Rao, Kaushal Mehta, David Schilling
Background: Direct observation of medical students with actual patients is important for the assessment of clinical skills including interviewing and counseling skills. This article describes medical students' experience of mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) during their clerkship in consultation psychiatry. Materials and methods: In our center during inpatient consultation psychiatry clerkship, all rotating students are expected to complete one mini-CEX assessment as part of their clinical training...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749910/a-novel-low-cost-reusable-high-fidelity-neurosurgical-training-simulator-for-cerebrovascular-bypass-surgery
#11
Ulas Cikla, Balkan Sahin, Sahin Hanalioglu, Azam S Ahmed, David Niemann, Mustafa K Baskaya
OBJECTIVE Cerebrovascular bypass surgery is a challenging yet important neurosurgical procedure that is performed to restore circulation in the treatment of carotid occlusive diseases, giant/complex aneurysms, and skull base tumors. It requires advanced microsurgical skills and dedicated training in microsurgical techniques. Most available training tools, however, either lack the realism of the actual bypass surgery (e.g., artificial vessel, chicken wing models) or require special facilities and regulations (e...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744221/how-to-get-the-best-from-robotic-thoracic-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Sara Ricciardi, Carmelina Cristina Zirafa, Federico Davini, Franca Melfi
The application of Robotic technology in thoracic surgery has become widespread in the last decades. Thanks to its advanced features, the robotic system allows to perform a broad range of complex operations safely and in a comfortable way, with valuable advantages related to low invasiveness. Regarding lung tumours, several studies have shown the benefits of robotic surgery including lower blood loss and improved lymph node removal when compared with other minimally invasive techniques. Moreover, the robotic instruments allow to reach deep and narrow spaces permitting safe and precise removal of tumours located in remote areas, such as retrosternal and posterior mediastinal spaces with outstanding postoperative and oncological results...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744051/the-academic-surgical-collaborative-a-three-year-review-of-a-trainee-research-collaborative
#13
Thomas E Pidgeon, Charmilie Chandrakumar, Yasser Al Omran, Christopher Limb, Rachel Thavayogan, Buket Gundogan, Kiron Koshy, Amelia White, Alex Fowler, Riaz Agha
Introduction: The Academic Surgical Collaborative (ASC) is a trainee research collaborative (TRC) formed in the UK in October 2014. Three years on, the achievements are presented along with advice for emerging and established TRCs. Methods: A retrospective review of internal, member-maintained ASC records was conducted. Membership numbers, PubMed indexed publications, presentations and prizes awarded were all calculated over time. Google Scholar was used to calculate citations per ASC publication...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741715/forward-surgical-team-experience-fste-is-associated-with-increased-confidence-with-combat-surgeon-trauma-skills
#14
D Joshua Mancini, Brian P Smith, Travis M Polk, C William Schwab
Introduction: Little is known regarding the confidence of military surgeons prior to combat zone deployment. Military surgeons are frequently deployed without peers experienced in combat surgery. We hypothesized that forward surgical team experience (FSTE) increases surgeon confidence with critical skill sets. Methods: We conducted a national survey of military affiliated personnel. We used a novel survey instrument that was piloted and validated by experienced military surgeons to collect demographics, education, practice patterns, and confidence parameters for trauma and surgical critical care skills...
May 8, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733906/cadaver-based-trauma-procedural-skills-training-skills-retention-30-months-after-training-among-practicing-surgeons-in-comparison-to-experts-or-more-recently-trained-residents
#15
Colin F Mackenzie, Mark W Bowyer, Sharon Henry, Samuel A Tisherman, Adam Puche, Hegang Chen, Valerie Shalin, Kristy Pugh, Evan Garofalo, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: Long-term retention of trauma procedural core-competency skills and need for re-training after a one-day cadaver-based course remains unknown. We measured and compared technical skills for trauma core competencies mean 14 months (38 residents), 30 months (35 practicing surgeons) and 46 months (10 experts) after training to determine if skill degradation occurs with time. Technical performance during extremity vascular exposures and lower-extremity fasciotomy in fresh cadavers measured by validated individual procedure score (IPS) was primary outcome...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732287/postgraduate-course-in-minimally-invasive-urological-surgery
#16
Antonio C H Mariotti, Fabio C M Torricelli, Weslley S Andrade, Anuar I Mitre, Marco A Arap
Background: Minimally invasive surgeries are increasingly common as the first option for most urological diseases. However, laparoscopic techniques are difficult to master, especially for surgeons who were not trained during their residency programs. Therefore, postgraduate courses are important for such matters. This study aims to evaluate the results of postgraduate courses in minimally invasive urological surgery. Methods: A specific questionnaire was used to evaluate the impact of the course on urologists' professional activities...
April 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730952/the-effect-of-distributed-virtual-reality-simulation-training-on-cognitive-load-during-subsequent-dissection-training
#17
Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen, Lars Konge, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Complex tasks such as surgical procedures can induce excessive cognitive load (CL), which can have a negative effect on learning, especially for novices. AIM: To investigate if repeated and distributed virtual reality (VR) simulation practice induces a lower CL and higher performance in subsequent cadaveric dissection training. METHODS: In a prospective, controlled cohort study, 37 residents in otorhinolaryngology received VR simulation training either as additional distributed practice prior to course participation (intervention) (9 participants) or as standard practice during the course (control) (28 participants)...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730215/inter-rater-reliability-for-metrics-scored-in-a-binary-fashion-performance-assessment-for-an-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#18
Anthony G Gallagher, Richard K N Ryu, Robert A Pedowitz, Patrick Henn, Richard L Angelo
PURPOSE: To determine the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of a procedure-specific checklist scored in a binary fashion for the evaluation of surgical skill and whether it meets a minimum level of agreement (≥0.8 between 2 raters) required for high-stakes assessment. METHODS: In a prospective randomized and blinded fashion, and after detailed assessment training, 10 Arthroscopy Association of North America Master/Associate Master faculty arthroscopic surgeons (in 5 pairs) with an average of 21 years of surgical experience assessed the video-recorded 3-anchor arthroscopic Bankart repair performance of 44 postgraduate year 4 or 5 residents from 21 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education orthopaedic residency training programs from across the United States...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724664/cognitive-skills-training-in-digital-era-a-paradigm-shift-in-surgical-education-using-the-tatme-model
#19
REVIEW
Joep Knol, Deborah S Keller
Surgical competence is a complex, multifactorial process, requiring ample time and training. Optimal training is based on acquiring knowledge and psychomotor and cognitive skills. Practicing surgical skills is one of the most crucial tasks for both the novice surgeon learning new procedures and surgeons already in practice learning new techniques. Focus is placed on teaching traditional technical skills, but the importance of cognitive skills cannot be underestimated. Cognitive skills allow recognizing environmental cues to improve technical performance including situational awareness, mental readiness, risk assessment, anticipating problems, decision-making, adaptation, and flexibility, and may also accelerate the trainee's understanding of a procedure, formalize the steps being practiced, and reduce the overall training time to become technically proficient...
April 30, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716611/evaluation-of-self-educational-training-methods-to-learn-laparoscopic-skills-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Steffen Axt, Pirmin Storz, Carolin Ehrenberg, Claudius Falch, Marc Immenroth, Andreas Kirschniak, Sven Muller
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of two different self-educational methods (video assisted learning versus video assisted learning plus a nodal point operation primer) on learning laparoscopic suturing and intracorporal knotting. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial at the laparoscopic surgical training center, University of Tubingen with 45 surgical novices first year medical students being pretested for dexterity. After self-educational training for 90 min with either method (Group A: video assisted learning, Group B: video assisted learning plus a nodal point operation primer) participants had to perform five laparoscopic intracorporal knots...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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