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snails, schistosoma, mollusc, pcr,

F Allan, D Rollinson, J E Smith, A M Dunn
Schistosome parasites commonly show specificity to their intermediate mollusc hosts and the degree of specificity can vary between parasite strains and geographical location. Here the role of miracidial behaviour in host specificity of Schistosoma haematobium on the islands of Zanzibar is investigated. In choice-chamber experiments, S. haematobium miracidia moved towards Bulinus globosus snail hosts in preference to empty chambers. In addition, miracidia preferred uninfected over patent B. globosus. This preference should benefit the parasite as patent snails are likely to have mounted an immune response to S...
March 2009: Journal of Helminthology
Jocelyn Myers, Wannaporn Ittiprasert, Nithya Raghavan, André Miller, Matty Knight
Biomphalaria glabrata snails are known to display a wide range of susceptibility phenotypes to Schistosoma mansoni infection depending on the genetics of both the snail and the invading parasite. Evidence exists for a role of hydrolytic enzymes in the defense of molluscs against invading parasites. To elucidate the role of these enzymes in the outcome of infection in the snail, proteolysis was examined in parasite-resistant and -susceptible snails. Zymographs of extracts from the whole snail or hepatopancreas indicated higher proteolytic activity in resistant, compared with susceptible, snails...
June 2008: Journal of Parasitology
Fábio L Melo, Ana Lisa do Vale Gomes, Constança S Barbosa, Roberto P Werkhauser, Frederico G C Abath
Primers targeting the gene encoding the small subunit rRNA were designed to amplify DNA from Schistosoma mansoni with high specificity. Three PCR systems were developed: conventional PCR, two-step nested PCR (NPCR) and single-tube nested PCR (STNPCR). The limits of detection of parasite DNA for the conventional PCR, NPCR and STNPCR were 10 pg, 0.1 fg and 1 fg, respectively. The assays were highly specific for S. mansoni and did not recognise DNA from closely related non-schistosome trematodes. Using pools of Biomphalaria molluscs, PCR, NPCR and STNPCR were positive in 6/16 (37...
November 2006: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Roberta L Caldeira, Liana K Jannotti-Passos, Pollanah M Lira, Omar S Carvalho
Freshwater snails belonging to the genus Biomphalaria act as intermediate hosts for the parasite trematode Schistosoma mansoni in Africa and in the neotropical region. Identification of such molluscs is carried out based on morphological characters and the presence of cercariae is verified through squeezing snails between two glass slides or by exposing them to artificial light. However, sometimes, the material collected includes molluscs with decomposed bodies or, yet, only empty shells, which precludes their identification and S...
August 2004: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Si-Ming Zhang, Eric S Loker
Fibrinogen-related proteins (FREPs) are found in the hemolymph of the freshwater snail Biomphalaria glabrata, are up-regulated following exposure to digenetic trematode parasites, and bind to trematode larval surfaces, suggestive of a role in internal defense. Southern blot and degenerate-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses were undertaken to better understand the diversity of the FREP-encoding gene family. Probes corresponding to the N-terminal IgSF domains of specific FREP gene subfamilies (FREPs 2, 3, 4, 7, 12 and 13) revealed between 1 to 8 loci per subfamily on Southern blots...
October 27, 2004: Gene
D Da Silva, R G Spada, S S Sobral-Hamaguchi, Z Abdel-Hamid, N R Zuim, E M Zanotti-Magalhães, L A Magalhães, J T Ribeiro-Paes
DNA analysis by molecular techniques has significantly expanded the perspectives of the study and understanding of genetic variability in molluscs that are vectors of schistosomiasis. In the present study, the genetic variability of susceptible and resistant B. lenagophila strains to S. mansoni infection was investigated using amplification of their genomic DNA by RAPD-PCR. The products were analyzed by PAGE and stained with silver. The results showed polymorphism between tested strains with four different primers...
March 2004: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
V Lardans, J F Coppin, J Vicogne, E Aroca, M Delcroix, C Dissous
Tyrosine kinase receptors play a key role in the communication of cells with their environment. Growth hormone receptors, such as insulin receptors, are involved in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation and metabolism in multicellular organisms. Insulin-related peptides and members of the insulin receptor subfamily have been described in a wide variety of invertebrates, including freshwater molluscs. In this paper, we describe the metabolic effect of insulin on a mollusc cell line (Bge) derived from embryos of the snail Biomphalaria glabrata...
February 9, 2001: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
B J Davids, X J Wu, T P Yoshino
A cDNA encoding an integrin subunit was cloned and structurally characterized from an embryonic cell line derived from Biomphalaria glabrata, snail intermediate host of the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni. Cells of the B. glabrata embryonic (Bge) snail cell line were initially tested for their sensitivity to the integrin-specific tetrapeptide inhibitor Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS). Washed Bge cells when exposed to 0.5 to 2.0mM of RGDS were significantly inhibited in their ability to spread on a glass substrate...
March 4, 1999: Gene
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