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EuroScore II validation

Marco Ranucci, Valeria Pistuddi, Sabino Scolletta, Carlo de Vincentiis, Lorenzo Menicanti
Aims: The age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score was introduced in 2009 and is presently included in the guidelines for myocardial revascularization of the European Society of Cardiology and Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery as a risk stratification tool for surgical and percutaneous myocardial revascularization. The present study introduces an updated version of the ACEF (ACEF II) inclusive of emergency surgery and pre-operative anaemia. Methods and results: The development series includes 7011 consecutive cardiac surgery patients operated at a single institution...
May 12, 2017: European Heart Journal
Mehmet Kalender, Ahmet Nihat Baysal, Okay Guven Karaca, Kamil Boyacioglu, Nihan Kayalar
OBJECTIVE: Risk assessment for operative mortality is mandatory for all cardiac operations. For some operation types such as aortic valve repair, EuroSCORE II overestimates the mortality rate and a new scoring system (German AV score) has been developed for a more accurate assessment of operative risk. In this study, we aimed to validate German Aortic Valve Score in our clinic in patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement. METHODS: A total of 35 patients who underwent isolated open aortic valve replacement between 2010 and 2013 were included...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Carmen Olmos, Isidre Vilacosta, Gilbert Habib, Luis Maroto, Cristina Fernández, Javier López, Cristina Sarriá, Erwan Salaun, Salvatore Di Stefano, Manuel Carnero, Sandrine Hubert, Carlos Ferrera, Gabriela Tirado, Afonso Freitas-Ferraz, Carmen Sáez, Javier Cobiella, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Cristina Sánchez-Enrique, Pablo Elpidio García-Granja, Cecile Lavoute, Benjamin Obadia, David Vivas, Ángela Gutiérrez, José Alberto San Román
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a calculator to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with active infective endocarditis (IE) undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Thousand two hundred and ninety-nine consecutive patients with IE were prospectively recruited (1996-2014) and retrospectively analysed. Left-sided patients who underwent cardiac surgery (n=671) form our study population and were randomised into development (n=424) and validation (n=247) samples...
April 21, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Sergio Buccheri, Davide Capodanno, Marco Barbanti, Antonio Popolo Rubbio, Maria Elena Di Salvo, Salvatore Scandura, Sarah Mangiafico, Giuseppe Ronsivalle, Marta Chiarandà, Piera Capranzano, Carmelo Grasso, Corrado Tamburino
There is a lack of specific tools for risk stratification in patients who undergo MitraClip implantation. We aimed at combining preprocedural variables with prognostic impact into a specific risk model for the prediction of 1-year mortality in patients undergoing MitraClip implantation. A total of 311 consecutive patients who underwent MitraClip implantation were included. A lasso-penalized Cox-proportional hazard regression model was used to identify independent predictors of 1-year all-cause mortality. A nomogram (GRASP [Getting Reduction of mitrAl inSufficiency by Percutaneous clip implantation] nomogram) was obtained from the Cox model...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
B Mateos-Pañero, M Sánchez-Casado, B Castaño-Moreira, I Paredes-Astillero, L F López-Almodóvar, F Bustos-Molina
OBJECTIVES: To perform an external validation of Euroscore I, Euroscore II and SAPS III. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective cohort study over three years on all adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery. We reviewed the clinical data, following the patient until outcome or discharge from hospital (dead, alive). We computed the predicted mortality by Euroscore I (EI), II (EII) and SAPS III. The model validation was assessed by discrimination: area under curve ROC; and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test)...
May 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Prachi Kar, Kanithi Geeta, Ramachandran Gopinath, Padmaja Durga
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Risk Stratification has an important place in cardiac surgery to identify high-risk cases and optimally allocate resources. Hence various risk scoring systems have been tried to predict mortality. The aim of the present study was to validate the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) in Indian cardiac surgical patients. METHODS: After obtaining ethics committee clearance, data on EuroSCORE II variables were collected for all patients >18 years undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), valve surgery and mixed (CABG + valve) procedures between January 2011 and December 2012...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Michael Tzu Min Wang, Greg D Gamble, Mark Webster, Peter N Ruygrok
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is considered for severe aortic valve disease at high and now intermediate risk for surgical aortic valve replacement. Risk stratification plays a critical role decision-making for intervention and modality. We compared the prognostic utility of surgical risk scores for TAVI in this meta-analysis. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane and Web of Science databases from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 2015 were searched...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Debora Brascia, Daniel Reichart, Francesco Onorati, Andrea Perrotti, Vito G Ruggieri, Karl Bounader, Jean Philippe Verhoye, Giuseppe Santarpino, Theodor Fischlein, Daniele Maselli, Carmelo Dominici, Giovanni Mariscalco, Riccardo Gherli, Antonino S Rubino, Marisa De Feo, Ciro Bancone, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Santini, Magnus Dalén, Matteo Saccocci, Giuseppe Faggian, Tuomas Tauriainen, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Francesco Nicolini, Tiziano Gherli, Stefano Rosato, Fausto Biancari
Perioperative bleeding is a determinant of poor outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but there is a lack of adequate stratification of its severity. The ability of the European registry of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (E-CABG), Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding (UDPB), Study of Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO), Clopidogrel and Aspirin Optimal Dose Usage to Reduce Recurrent Events-Seventh Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes (CURRENT-OASIS 7), Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin in Non-Q Wave Coronary Events (ESSENCE), and SafeTy and Efficacy of Enoxaparin in Percutaneous coronary intervention patients, an internationaL randomized Evaluation (STEEPLE) bleeding classifications to predict early mortality, stroke, acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3, and deep sternal wound infection/mediastinitis was investigated in 3,730 patients from the prospective, multicentre E-CABG registry...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Maxime Pichette, Mark Liszkowski, Anique Ducharme
Heart failure patients who undergo cardiac surgery are exposed to significant perioperative complications and high mortality. We herein review the literature concerning preoperative optimization of these patients. Salient findings are that end-organ dysfunction and medication should be optimized before surgery. Specifically: (1) reversible causes of anemia should be treated and a preoperative hemoglobin level of 100 g/L obtained; (2) renal function and volume status should be optimized; (3) liver function must be carefully evaluated; (4) nutritional status should be assessed and cachexia treated to achieve a preoperative albumin level of at least 30 g/L and a body mass index > 20; and (5) medication adjustments performed, such as withholding inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system before surgery and continuing, but not starting, β-blockers...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Chong Wang, Yang-Feng Tang, Jia-Jun Zhang, Yi-Fan Bai, Yong-Chao Yu, Guan-Xin Zhang, Lin Han
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: To compare four risk scores with regard to their validity to predict in-hospital mortality after heart valve surgery in a multicenter patient population of China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2012, data from 12,412 consecutive patients older than 16 years who underwent heart valve surgery at four cardiac surgical centers were collected and scored according to the EuroSCORE II, Ambler risk score, NYC risk score, and STS risk score...
September 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Yunpeng Bai, Lianqun Wang, Zhigang Guo, Qingliang Chen, Nan Jiang, Jianxing Dai, Jianshi Liu
OBJECTIVES: The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) was developed to update EuroSCORE and incorporated refinement and modification of several risk factors. SinoSCORE was designed by Chinese scholars based on 9839 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at 43 participating institutions. This study was designed to validate the EuroSCORE II and SinoSCORE in Chinese patients undergoing CABG and to compare their performance overall and per subgroup...
November 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Amir Halkin, Arie Steinvil, Guy Witberg, Alon Barsheshet, Michael Barkagan, Abid Assali, Amit Segev, Paul Fefer, Victor Guetta, Israel M Barbash, Ran Kornowski, Ariel Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Accurate risk stratification is pivotal for appropriate selection of patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis for either surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We sought to determine whether recent risk prediction models developed specifically in TAVR patients enhance prognostication in comparison with previous surgical scores used in clinical practice (EuroScore I, EuroScore II, STS). METHODS: The Israeli TAVR Registry Risk Model Accuracy Assessment (IRRMA) study utilized a multicenter prospective TAVR database (n=1327) to perform a quantitative comparison between previous risk scores developed in either surgical or TAVR populations, with the present registry serving as an independent external validation set...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Dusko Nezic, Tatjana Spasic, Slobodan Micovic, Dragana Kosevic, Ivana Petrovic, Ljiljana Lausevic-Vuk, Dragana Unic-Stojanovic, Milorad Borzanovic
OBJECTIVE: To compare and validate the original EuroSCORE risk stratification models with the renewed EuroSCORE II model in a contemporary cardiac surgical practice. DESIGN: A consecutive observational study to validate EuroSCORE II performances, conducted as retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. SETTING: A tertiary university institute for cardiovascular diseases. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery between January and December 2012...
April 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Valérie M Collas, Caroline M Van De Heyning, Bernard P Paelinck, Inez E Rodrigus, Christiaan J Vrints, Johan M Bosmans
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate recently proposed risk scores for the prediction of mortality up to 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), using a self-expandable valve (CoreValve). METHODS: In this single-centre study, 225 consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis, who underwent TAVI between December 2007 and January 2015, were included. Conventional surgical risk scores (logistic EuroSCORE, EuroSCORE II and STS score) were calculated as well as newly proposed TAVI risk scores (TAVI2-SCORe, STT Score and OBSERVANT score)...
March 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Cristina Giannini, Francesca Fiorelli, Marco De Carlo, Fabio Guarracino, Michela Faggioni, Paolo Giordano, Paolo Spontoni, Andrea Pieroni, Anna Sonia Petronio
Percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) using the MitraClip System is feasible and entails clinical improvement even in patients with high surgical risk and severe functional mitral regurgitation (MR). The aim of this study was to assess survival rates and clinical outcome of patients with severe, functional MR treated with optimal medical therapy (OMT) compared with those who received MitraClip device. Sixty patients treated with OMT were compared with a propensity-matched cohort of 60 patients who underwent PMVR...
January 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Adam Csordas, Fabian Nietlispach, Philipp Schuetz, Andreas Huber, Beat Müller, Francesco Maisano, Maurizio Taramasso, Igal Moarof, Slayman Obeid, Barbara E Stähli, Martin Cahenzly, Ronald K Binder, Christoph Liebetrau, Helge Möllmann, Won-Keun Kim, Christian Hamm, Thomas F Lüscher
BACKGROUND: Conventional surgical risk scores lack accuracy in risk stratification of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Elevated levels of midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) levels are associated with adverse outcome not only in patients with manifest chronic disease states, but also in the general population. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the predictive value of MR-proADM for mortality in an unselected contemporary TAVR population...
2015: PloS One
Hamidreza Jamaati, Arvin Najafi, Farima Kahe, Zahra Karimi, Zarghamhossein Ahmadi, Mohammadreza Bolursaz, Mohammadreza Masjedi, Aliakbar Velayati, Seied Mohammadreza Hashemian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies around the world indicated validity and accuracy of European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) risk scoring system we evaluated the EuroSCORE risk scoring system for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in a group of Iranian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cohort 2220 patients more than 18 years, who were performed CABG surgery in Massih Daneshvari Hospital, from January 2004 to March 2010 were recruited...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Sérgio Madeira, Ricardo Rodrigues, António Tralhão, Miguel Santos, Carla Almeida, Marta Marques, Jorge Ferreira, Luís Raposo, José Neves, Miguel Mendes
OBJECTIVES: The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) has been established as a tool for assisting decision-making in surgical patients and as a benchmark for quality assessment. Infective endocarditis often requires surgical treatment and is associated with high mortality. This study was undertaken to (i) validate both versions of the EuroSCORE, the older logistic EuroSCORE I and the recently developed EuroSCORE II and to compare their performances; (ii) identify predictors other than those included in the EuroSCORE models that might further improve their performance...
February 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Marco Moscarelli, Giacomo Bianchi, Rafik Margaryan, Alfredo Cerillo, Pierandrea Farneti, Michele Murzi, Marco Solinas
OBJECTIVES: EuroSCORE II has been implemented with the view to providing better performance than the previous logistic EuroSCORE. However, until now, no external validations have been carried out in the minimally invasive context. Therefore, we sought to validate the accuracy of EuroSCORE II in a retrospective series of consecutive patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. METHODS: Data of 1609 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery in our institution were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Biju Sivam Pillai, Kanwar Aditya Baloria, Nandini Selot
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims were to compare the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE)-II system against three established risk scoring systems for predictive accuracy in an urban Indian population and suggest improvements or amendments in the existing scoring system for adaptation in Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EuroSCORE-II, Parsonnet score, System-97 score, and Cleveland score were obtained preoperatively for 1098 consecutive patients...
July 2015: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
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