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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941765/a-review-of-teaching-methods-and-outcomes-of-resident-phacoemulsification
#1
Kevin Kaplowitz, Mohammad Yazdanie, Azin Abazari
Cataract surgery with phacoemulsification is a challenging procedure for surgeons in training to learn to perform safely, efficiently, and effectively. We review the auxiliary learning tools outside the operating room that residency programs have incorporated into their curriculum to improve surgical skills, including wet lab and surgical simulators. We then discuss different methods of teaching cataract surgery in the operating room. Our goal is to define a learning curve for cataract surgery. We demonstrate that complication rates decline significantly after a resident performs an average of 70 cases...
September 20, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924397/social-media-changing-the-paradigm-for-surgical-education
#2
REVIEW
Andrea M Petrucci, Manish Chand, Steven D Wexner
The role of social media (SoMe) in surgical education is emerging as a tool that augments and complements traditional learning. As SoMe usage has steadily increased in our personal and professional lives, it is no surprise that it has permeated into surgical education. Different SoMe sites offer distinct platforms from which knowledge can be transmitted, while catering to various learning styles. The purpose of this review is to outline the various SoMe platforms and their use in surgical education. Moreover, it will discuss their effectiveness in teaching and learning surgical knowledge and skills as well as other potential roles SoMe has to offer to improve surgical education...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919228/stereoscopic-3d-neuroanatomy-lectures-enhance-neurosurgical-training-prospective-comparison-to-traditional-teaching
#3
Anna D Clark, Mathew R Guilfoyle, Nicholas G Candy, Karol P Budohoski, Riikka Hofmann, Damiano G Barone, T Santarius, R W Kirollos, Rikin A Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Stereoscopic three-dimensional (3D) imaging is increasingly used in the teaching of neuroanatomy and although this is mainly aimed at undergraduate medical students, it has enormous potential for enhancing the training of neurosurgeons. This study aims to assess whether 3D lecturing is an effective method of enhancing the knowledge and confidence of neurosurgeons, and how it compares to traditional two-dimensional (2D) lecturing and cadaveric training. METHODS: Three separate teaching sessions for neurosurgical trainees were organised: i) 2D course (2D lecture + cadaveric session), ii) 3D lecture alone, iii) 3D course (3D lecture + cadaveric session)...
September 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885872/teaching-tip-simulated-tumors-as-an-aid-to-teaching-principles-of-surgical-oncology
#4
Christopher Tan, Rachel Basa, Peter Bennett, Neil Hannan, William R Walsh, Christopher Bellenger
Tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in small animals. In many cases, surgical excision is an essential component of successful therapy and it should be performed in a specific way based on the type and grade of the tumor. Students require adequate training to develop both clinical decision-making skills and technical surgical skills, which we believe contribute to optimal clinical results. We have developed an inexpensive and simple technique that aims to replicate a naturally occurring subcutaneous tumor and allows trainees to plan and perform three common surgical procedures: incisional biopsy, marginal excision, and wide surgical excision...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876682/does-gender-impact-on-female-doctors-experiences-in-the-training-and-practice-of-surgery
#5
F Umoetok, J van Wyk, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been a male-dominated speciality both in South Africa and abroad. METHOD: This mixed methodology case study collected data from a purposive sample of female surgical registrars enrolled at one institution in South Africa. A self-administered questionnaire was used to explore whether or not female doctors perceived any benefits of being in a male-dominated specialty. It explored problems encountered due to gender, the participants' perceptions of the influence of gender on their surgical training, practice and challenges...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876680/registrar-perceptions-on-general-surgical-training-in-south-africa-a-report-by-the-south-african-society-of-surgeons-in-training-sassit
#6
N Patel, A Leusink, N Singh, M Z Koto, T Luvhengo
BACKGROUND: Surgical training varies significantly even amongst universities within the same country. This trend is reflected in South Africa and provides an opportunity for innovation to improve the quality of general surgical training. METHOD: A prospective descriptive study was performed by means of a confidential questionnaire distributed to general surgical registrars at all 8 training centres in South Africa. Participants were asked to give comments regarding adequacy of formal academic teaching, level of supervision during surgical procedures, exposure to and training in minimally invasive surgery (MIS), and preparation for examinations...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876559/does-gender-impact-on-female-doctors-experiences-in-the-training-and-practice-of-surgery-a-single-centre-study
#7
F Umoetok, J M Van Wyk, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been identified as a male-dominated specialty in South Africa and abroad. This study explored how female registrars perceived the impact of gender on their training and practice of surgery. METHOD: A self-administered questionnaire was used to explore whether females perceived any benefits to training in a male-dominated specialty, their choice of mentors and the challenges that they encountered during surgical training. RESULTS: Thirty-two female registrars participated in the study...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864266/the-colorado-humanitarian-surgical-skills-workshop-a-cadaver-based-workshop-to-prepare-residents-for-surgery-in-austere-settings
#8
Yihan Lin, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Robert A Meguid, David P Kuwayama
OBJECTIVE: Interest in humanitarian surgery is high among surgical and obstetric residents. The Colorado Humanitarian Surgical Skills Workshop is an annual 2-day course exposing senior residents to surgical techniques essential in low- and middle-income countries but not traditionally taught in US residencies. We evaluated the course's ability to foster resident comfort, knowledge, and competence in these skills. DESIGN: The cohort of course participants was studied prospectively...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838833/using-gopro-to-give-video-assisted-operative-feedback-for-surgery-residents-a-feasibility-and-utility-assessment
#9
Maureen D Moore, Jonathan S Abelson, Paul O'Mahoney, Iskander Bagautdinov, Heather Yeo, Anthony C Watkins
OBJECTIVE: As an adjunct to simulation-based teaching, laparoscopic video-based surgical coaching has been an effective tool to augment surgical education. However, the wide use of video review in open surgery has been limited primarily due to technological and logistical challenges. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate perceptions of general surgery (GS) residents on video-assisted operative instruction and (2) conduct a pilot study using a head-mounted GoPro in conjunction with the operative performance rating system to assess feasibility of providing video review to enhance operative feedback during open procedures...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838024/-vascular-complications-and-emergencies-within-oncologic-abdominal-surgery-what-knowledge-and-skills-are-essential-for-the-visceral-surgeon
#10
Hanno Matthaei, Valeri Schmidt, Vittorio Branchi, Frauke Verrel, Jörg C Kalff, Arne Koscielny
Background Continuous improvements in perioperative and neoadjuvant therapy concepts nowadays permit more extensive tumor resections with curative intention. In patients with arterial or venous tumour involvement in preoperative imaging, physicians with expertise in vascular surgery should be involved in the planning phase of the operation. Unexpected vascular complications during abdominal surgery demand prompt management by the oncological surgeon. However, skills in vascular surgery are still not obligatory for the visceral surgeon in training...
August 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827901/applied-research-on-laparoscopic-simulator-in-the-resident-surgical-laparoscopic-operation-technical-training
#11
Shangxi Fu, Xiao Liu, Li Zhou, Meisheng Zhou, Liming Wang
The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of surgical laparoscopic operation course on laparoscopic operation skills after the simulated training for medical students with relatively objective results via data gained before and after the practice course of laparoscopic simulator of the resident standardized trainees. Experiment 1: 20 resident standardized trainees with no experience in laparoscopic surgery were included in the inexperienced group and finished simulated cholecystectomy according to simulator videos...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#12
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801082/-how-to-videos-improve-residents-performance-of-essential-perioperative-electronic-medical-records-and-clinical-tasks
#13
Veronica Zoghbi, Robert C Caskey, Kristoffel R Dumon, Jacqueline M Soegaard Ballester, Ari D Brooks, Jon B Morris, Daniel T Dempsey
OBJECTIVE: The ability to use electronic medical records (EMR) is an essential skill for surgical residents. However, frustration and anxiety surrounding EMR tasks may detract from clinical performance. We created a series of brief, 1-3 minutes "how to" videos demonstrating 7 key perioperative EMR tasks: booking OR cases, placing preprocedure orders, ordering negative-pressure wound dressing supplies, updating day-of-surgery history and physical notes, writing brief operative notes, discharging patients from the postanesthesia care unit, and checking vital signs...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753871/european-association-of-urology-section-of-urolithiasis-eulis-consensus-statement-on-simulation-training-and-assessment-in-urolithiasis
#14
Kamran Ahmed, Sachin Patel, Abdullatif Aydin, Domenico Veneziano, Ben van Cleynenbreugel, Ali Serdar Gözen, Andreas Skolarikos, Christian Sietz, Sven Lahme, Thomas Knoll, Juan Palou Redorta, Bhaskar Kumar Somani, Francesco Sanguedolce, Evangelos Liatsikos, Jens Rassweiler, Muhammad Shamim Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kemal Sarica
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training offers an acceptable adjunct to the traditional mentor-apprentice model in helping trainees to traverse the early stages of the learning curve for ureteroscopy and percutaneous renal surgery. In addition, nontechnical skills are increasingly important in preventing adverse events in the operating room, and simulation-based training can be used for training in such skills. Incorporation of simulation into formalised, standardised, and validated curricula offers an applicable method for training residents...
March 31, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740949/good-surgeon-a-search-for-meaning
#15
REVIEW
Andrey L Akopov, Dmitri Y Artioukh
The art and philosophy of surgery are not as often discussed as scientific discoveries and technological advances in the modern era of surgery. Although these are difficult to teach and pass on to the next generations of surgeons they are no less important for training good surgeons and maintaining their high standards. The authors of this review and opinion article tried to define what being a good surgeon really means and to look into the subject by analysing the essential conditions for being a good surgeon and the qualities that such a specialist should possess...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719992/does-mindfulness-correlate-with-physical-function-and-pain-intensity-in-patients-with-upper-extremity-illness
#16
Reinier B Beks, Jos J Mellema, Mariano E Menendez, Neal C Chen, David Ring, Ana Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness skills training interventions seem efficacious in increasing physical function and decreasing pain intensity in patients with chronic pain. The relationship of mindfulness and upper extremity complaints in patients presenting to orthopedic surgical practices is not known. The aim of this study was to assess if mindfulness has a relationship to physical function and pain intensity in patients with upper extremity illness. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 126 patients with a nontraumatic upper extremity condition were asked to fill out questionnaires assessing the 5 facets of mindfulness, pain intensity, and upper extremity physical function, along with clinical and demographic variables prior to their visit with the surgeon...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713698/robotic-retroauricular-thyroidectomy-initial-experience-from-india
#17
REVIEW
Krishnakumar Thankappan, Surender Dabas, Mandar Deshpande
Robotic thyroidectomy is getting accepted worldwide, but, majority of the literature is from South Korea. The purpose of this paper is to review the early experiences with robotic retroauricular (RA) thyroidectomy from India. The rationale for robotic thyroidectomy, its advantages and disadvantages are reviewed. The reasons for selecting the RA approach and the criteria used for selecting the patients are discussed. The early experience and outcomes of 29 patients, from three centres across India is presented...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712689/enhancing-medical-curricula-the-role-of-a-1-day-plastic-surgery-course-as-an-educational-adjunct-for-medical-students
#18
Harry V M Spiers, Alexander Zargaran, Aasim Nisar Murtaza, Amal Thomas, Mohammed Adil A Turki, Farida Ali
INTRODUCTION: Plastic surgery is underrepresented in medical school curricula. The St George׳s Surgical Society hosted a 1-day undergraduate course in plastic surgery. Our aim was to introduce students to plastic surgery and teach basic plastic surgical skills. METHODOLOGY: The skills day consisted of lectures from consultants and a core trainee followed by registrar-taught workshops in suturing, tendon repair, and local flap design. Precourse and postcourse questionnaires assessed perceptions of plastic surgery, confidence in performing basic plastic surgical skills, and usefulness of course components...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712688/the-role-of-the-operating-room-in-medical-student-education-differing-perspectives-of-learners-and-educators
#19
Rebecca O'Neill, Michael Shapiro, Aziz Merchant
OBJECTIVE: The surgical clerkship is an integral part of third-year medical student education. The operating room (OR) is a heavily used setting, but it is unclear whether this setting is as effective as possible. To determine the role of the OR and potential improvements, it is necessary to analyze the perspectives of those involved, including surgeons, residents, and medical students. DESIGN: An electronic survey was distributed to the surgeons, surgical residents, and third-year medical students associated with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712686/using-touch-surgery-to-improve-surgical-education-in-low-and-middle-income-settings-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Gisele Juru Bunogerane, Kathryn Taylor, Yihan Lin, Ainhoa Costas-Chavarri
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is a severe surgical workforce shortage in Rwanda. Innovative educational tools must be introduced to train more residents and increase surgical capacity. Touch Surgery (TS) is a smartphone application that offers trainees the opportunity to practice operations; however, its effect is unknown in low- and middle-income countries. Our objectives were to determine the training effect of TS and its feasibility for use in surgery education in a low-resource setting...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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