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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438070/creation-of-a-novel-simulator-for-minimally-invasive-neurosurgery-fusion-of-3d-printing-and-special-effects
#1
Peter Weinstock, Roberta Rehder, Sanjay P Prabhu, Peter W Forbes, Christopher J Roussin, Alan R Cohen
OBJECTIVE Recent advances in optics and miniaturization have enabled the development of a growing number of minimally invasive procedures, yet innovative training methods for the use of these techniques remain lacking. Conventional teaching models, including cadavers and physical trainers as well as virtual reality platforms, are often expensive and ineffective. Newly developed 3D printing technologies can recreate patient-specific anatomy, but the stiffness of the materials limits fidelity to real-life surgical situations...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#2
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406847/nontechnical-skill-training-and-the-use-of-scenarios-in-modern-surgical-education
#3
Oliver Brunckhorst, Muhammad S Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nontechnical skills are being increasingly recognized as a core reason of surgical errors. Combined with the changing nature of surgical training, there has therefore been an increase in nontechnical skill research in the literature. This review therefore aims to: define nontechnical skillsets, assess current training methods, explore assessment modalities and suggest future research aims. RECENT FINDINGS: The literature demonstrates an increasing understanding of the components of nontechnical skills within surgery...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382752/general-practitioners-teaching-new-surgical-trainees-about-clinic-letter-writing
#4
James Seddon
BACKGROUND: Clinic letter writing is an important communication tool in the hospital out-patient setting, serving as a record of the consultation for the hospital, confirming the information gathered and the agreed outcome with the patient, and communicating progress to the general practitioner. It is a skill, and is often poorly performed. There has traditionally been a paucity of formal teaching on the subject. CONTEXT: Classroom sessions during a regional surgical trainee year-1 'boot camp' induction, preparing new specialist trainees for the practical functions of their new roles...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381653/hands-on-simulation-versus-traditional-video-learning-in-teaching-microsurgery-technique
#5
Yusuke Sakamoto, Sho Okamoto, Kenzo Shimizu, Yoshio Araki, Akihiro Hirakawa, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
Bench model hands-on learning may be more effective than traditional didactic practice in some surgical fields. However, this has not been reported for microsurgery. Our study objective was to demonstrate the efficacy of bench model hands-on learning in acquiring microsuturing skills. The secondary objective was to evaluate the aptitude for microsurgery based on personality assessment. Eighty-six medical students comprising 62 men and 24 women were randomly assigned to either 20 min of hands-on learning with a bench model simulator or 20 min of video-learning using an instructional video...
April 6, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376609/simulation-training-in-upper-tract-endourology-myth-or-reality-critical-analysis-of-the-literature
#6
Catherine E Lovegrove, Takashige Abe, Abdullatif Aydin, Domenico Veneziano, Kemal Sarica, M Shamim Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
Surgeons training in the twenty-first century are subject to a myriad of pressures, as has always been the case within surgical training. These include reduced hours available for training and increased threat of litigation against their operating practice. The Halstedian approach of "see one, do one, teach one" has been replaced within surgical training and simulation has become established to enable urology trainees to develop technical and non-technical skills away from the operating room. With the primary focus as patient safety and increasing operating skill, "simulation training" encompasses several modalities...
March 30, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357936/does-leadership-style-of-modern-matrons-contribute-to-safer-and-more-effective-clinical-services
#7
Barry Hill
At the time of writing, the author was a modern matron in a surgical division of an NHS teaching hospital in London. This article considers the differences between leadership and management, and discusses the skills required by modern matrons to lead safe and successful clinical services. It also examines three leadership styles - transactional, transformational and situational - and their relevance to the role of modern matron.
March 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357046/surgical-education-and-adult-learning-integrating-theory-into-practice
#8
Prem Rashid
Surgical education continues to evolve from the master-apprentice model. Newer methods of the process need to be used to manage the dual challenges of educating while providing safe surgical care. This requires integrating adult learning concepts into delivery of practical training and education in busy clinical environments. A narrative review aimed at outlining and integrating adult learning and surgical education theory was undertaken. Additionally, this information was used to relate the practical delivery of surgical training and education in day-to-day surgical practice...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351359/conveying-practical-clinical-skills-with-the-help-of-teaching-associates-a-randomised-trial-with-focus-on-the-long-term-learning-retention
#9
Sebastian H Hoefer, Jasmina Sterz, Bernd Bender, Maria-Christina Stefanescu, Marius Theis, Felix Walcher, Robert Sader, Miriam Ruesseler
BACKGROUND: Ensuring that all medical students achieve adequate clinical skills remains a challenge, yet the correct performance of clinical skills is critical for all fields of medicine. This study analyzes the influence of receiving feedback by teaching associates in the context of achieving and maintaining a level of expertise in complex head and skull examination. METHODS: All third year students at a German university who completed the obligatory surgical skills lab training and surgical clerkship participated in this study...
March 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351068/what-attitudes-and-values-are-incorporated-into-self-as-part-of-professional-identity-construction-when-becoming-a-surgeon
#10
Alexandra Cope, Jeff Bezemer, Stella Mavroveli, Roger Kneebone
PURPOSE: To make explicit the attitudes and values of a community of surgeons, with the aim of understanding professional identity construction within a specific group of residents. METHOD: Using a grounded theory method, the authors collected data from 16 postgraduate surgeons through interviews. They complemented these initial interview data with ethnographic observations and additional descriptive interviews to explore the attitudes and values learned by surgeons during residency training (2010-2013)...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344117/learning-the-skills-needed-to-perform-shoulder-arthroscopy-by-simulation
#11
Pierre-Sylvain Marcheix, Guillaume Vergnenegre, François Dalmay, ChristianMabit, Jean-Louis Charissoux
INTRODUCTION: Simulation for arthroscopy helps surgical trainees develop their surgery skills in a safe environment. This teaching technique has become more widespread in recent years because of the need to provide surgeons in training with an alternative to the current methods. We hypothesized that a resident in surgery could acquire the skills needed to perform arthroscopic shoulder surgery by working on a simulator. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted over a 4-month period from June to September 2016...
March 23, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342767/developing-cognitive-task-analysis-based-educational-videos-for-basic-surgical-skills-in-plastic-surgery
#12
Celine Yeung, Catherine McMillan, Tomas J Saun, Kimberly Sun, Veerle D'hondt, Herbert P von Schroeder, Glykeria Martou, Matthew Lee, Elizabeth Liao, Paul Binhammer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of cognitive task analysis (CTA)-based multimedia educational videos for surgical trainees in plastic surgery. DESIGN: A needs assessment survey was used to identify 5 plastic surgery skills on which to focus the educational videos. Three plastic surgeons were video-recorded performing each skill while describing the procedure, and were interviewed with probing questions. Three medical student reviewers coded transcripts and categorized each step into "action," "decision," or "assessment," and created a cognitive demands table (CDT) for each skill...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318928/structured-evaluation-and-need-based-restructuring-of-the-cranio-maxillofacial-surgery-module-within-surgical-clerkship
#13
Sebastian Herbert Hoefer, Jasmina Sterz, Bernd Bender, Christina Stefanescu, Marius Theis, Felix Walcher, Robert Sader, Miriam Ruesseler
BACKGROUND: Evaluations are important for teaching courses and contribute to educational quality assurance. CMF surgery provides a module in the skills-lab week in preparation for surgical clerkship. Even though the CMF module receives positive evaluations, the students report deviating content. Subsequently, exams skills were often not mastered correctly. The aim of this study is to gather the contents taught within the course and to revise the module accordingly. METHODS: A structured evaluation sheet was used to evaluate the CMF modules...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300878/surgical-model-pig-ex-vivo-for-venous-dissection-teaching-in-medical-schools
#14
Milton Ignacio Carvalho Tube, Fernando Antonio Campelo Spencer-Netto, Anderson Igor Pereira de Oliveira, Arthur Cesário de Holanda, Bruno Leão Dos Santos Barros, Caio Cezar Gomes Rezende, João Pedro Guerra Cavalcanti, Marília Apolinário Batista, Josemberg Marins Campos
PURPOSE: To investigate a method for development of surgical skills in medical students simulating venous dissection in surgical ex vivo pig model. METHODS: Prospective, analytical, experimental, controlled study with four stages: selection, theoretical teaching, training and assessment. Sample of 312 students was divided into two groups: Group A - 2nd semester students; Group B - students of 8th semester. The groups were divided into five groups of 12 students, trained two hours per week in the semester...
February 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289974/sage-s-advice-application-of-a-standardized-train-the-trainer-model-for-faculty-involved-in-a-society-of-american-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgeons-sages-hands-on-course
#15
Susannah M Wyles, Erin Schwarz, Jonathan Dort, Nabil Tariq, Tom Cecil, Mark G Coleman, John Paige, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Currently, no prerequisite teaching qualification is required to serve as faculty for SAGES hands-on courses (SAGES-HOC). The Lapco-Train-the-Trainers (Lapco-TT) is a course for surgical trainers, in which delegates learn a standardized teaching technique for skills acquisition. The aims of this study were to 1) determine if this curriculum could be delivered in a day course to SAGES-HOC faculty and 2) assess the impact of such training on learners' educational experience taught by this faculty at a subsequent SAGES-HOC...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275809/-treatments-of-second-mesiobuccal-canals-in-maxillary-permanent-molar-a-report-of-2-cases
#16
Yan-Pei Wei, Hong-Xia Fan, Liang Chen, Xue Zhang, Jing-Tao Yu
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275808/-applications-of-3d-printing-technology-in-teaching-of-oromaxillofacial-head-and-neck-surgical-oncology
#17
Min Ruan, Tong Ji, Chen-Ping Zhang
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254248/the-effectiveness-of-and-satisfaction-with-high-fidelity-simulation-to-teach-cardiac-surgical-resuscitation-skills-to-nurses
#18
Marion E McRae, Alice Chan, Renee Hulett, Ai Jin Lee, Bernice Coleman
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of the effectiveness or satisfaction with simulation to learn cardiac surgical resuscitation skills. OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of simulation on the self-confidence of nurses to perform cardiac surgical resuscitation simulation and nurses' satisfaction with the simulation experience. METHODS: A convenience sample of sixty nurses rated their self-confidence to perform cardiac surgical resuscitation skills before and after two simulations...
February 18, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247305/virtual-laparoscopic-training-system-based-on-vch-model
#19
Jiangzhou Tang, Lang Xu, Longjun He, Songluan Guan, Xing Ming, Qian Liu
Laparoscopy has been widely used to perform abdominal surgeries, as it is advantageous in that the patients experience lower post-surgical trauma, shorter convalescence, and less pain as compared to traditional surgery. Laparoscopic surgeries require precision; therefore, it is imperative to train surgeons to reduce the risk of operation. Laparoscopic simulators offer a highly realistic surgical environment by using virtual reality technology, and it can improve the training efficiency of laparoscopic surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244920/evaluating-internal-fixation-skills-using-surgical-simulation
#20
Geoffrey T Burns, Brandon W King, James R Holmes, Todd A Irwin
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is an essential skill for an orthopaedic surgeon, yet teaching its components to surgical residents poses challenges in both complexity and cost. Surgical simulation has demonstrated efficacy and is now a mandated component of residency programs, but the techniques and resources required for effective simulation vary greatly. We hypothesized that simulation of ORIF skills could be accomplished in a cost-effective, quantifiable, and reproducible manner and that this experience coupled with didactic learning would increase skill proficiency and enhance ORIF performance...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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