keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EN

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823137/survey-of-genetic-structure-of-geese-using-novel-microsatellite-markers
#1
Fang-Yu Lai, Po-An Tu, Shih-Torng Ding, Min-Jung Lin, Shen-Chang Chang, En-Chung Lin, Ling-Ling Lo, Pei-Hwa Wang
Objective: The aim of this study was to create a set of microsatellite markers with high polymorphism for the genetic monitoring and genetic structure analysis of local goose populations. Methods: Novel microsatellite markers were isolated from the genomic DNA of white Roman geese using short tandem repeated probes. The DNA segments, including short tandem repeats, were tested for their variability among four populations of geese from the Changhua Animal Propagation Station (CAPS)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822895/gut-microbiota-trajectory-in-patients-with-severe-burn-a-time-series-study
#2
Xinying Wang, Jianbo Yang, Feng Tian, Li Zhang, Qiucheng Lei, Tingting Jiang, Jihong Zhou, Siming Yuan, Jun Wang, Zhijian Feng, Jieshou Li
PURPOSE: This time series experiments aimed to investigate the dynamic change of gut microbiomes after severe burn and its association with enteral nutrition (EN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven severely burned patients who suffered from a severe metal dust explosion injury were recruited in this study. The dynamic changes of gut microbiome of fecal samples at six time points (1-3days, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6weeks after severe burn) were detected using 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing technology...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822645/diphtheria-vaccine-who-position-paper-august-2017-recommendations
#3
World Health Organization
This article presents the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations on the use of diphtheria vaccines excerpted from the Diphtheria vaccines: WHO position paper, August 2017, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record (Diphtheria vaccine, 2017) [1]. This position paper replaces the 2006 WHO position paper on diphtheria vaccine (Diphtheria vaccine, 2006) [2]. The position paper incorporates recent evidence on diphtheria and provides revised recommendations on the optimal number of doses and timing of diphtheria vaccination...
August 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822621/chondrosarcoma-of-the-epiglottis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan Choi, Harish Dharmarajan, Andrew Victores, Ashley Wenaas, Julina Ongkasuwan
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal chondrosarcoma (LCS) is an exceedingly rare malignancy and least frequently reported in the epiglottis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report a case of a 71-year-old male smoker who presented with sore throat, dysphagia, and odynophagia for 3 months. Computed tomography scan revealed an inhomogeneously enhancing necrotic mass emanating from the right epiglottis and traveling along the aryepiglottic fold. The mass was removed via endoscopic en bloc laser resection...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822249/en-masse-pyrolysis-of-flexible-printed-circuit-board-wastes-quantitatively-yielding-environmental-resources
#5
Jang Won Kim, Albert S Lee, Seunggun Yu, Jeong Whan Han
This paper reports the recycling of flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) waste through carbonization of polyimide by dual pyrolysis processes. The organic matter was recovered as pyrolyzed oil at low temperatures, while valuable metals and polyimide-derived carbon were effectively recovered through secondary high temperature pyrolysis. The major component of organics extracted from FPCB waste comprised of epoxy resins were identified as pyrolysis oils containing bisphenol-A. The valuable metals (Cu, Ni, Ag, Sn, Au, Pd) in waste FPCB were recovered as granular shape and quantitatively analyzed via ICP-OES...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822236/synthesis-structural-studies-and-biological-activity-of-novel-cu-ii-complexes-with-thiourea-derivatives-of-4-azatricyclo-5-2-1-0-2-6-dec-8-ene-3-5-dione
#6
Aleksandra Drzewiecka-Antonik, Paweł Rejmak, Marcin T Klepka, Anna Wolska, Piotr Pietrzyk, Karolina Stępień, Giuseppina Sanna, Marta Struga
The new Cu(II) complexes of 1/2/3-(bromophenyl)-3-(1,7,8,9-tetramethyl-3,5-dioxo-4-azatricyclo[5.2.1.0(2,6)]dec-8-en-4-yl)thiourea derivatives have been synthesized. The spectroscopic studies together with density functional theory calculations of Cu(II) complexes revealed that two parent ligands coordinate to the copper cation in bidentate fashion via thiocarbonyl S and deprotonated N atoms forming rarely observed four-membered chelate ring, with nearly planar [CuN2S2] moiety. In solid state, the mononuclear complex is formed for thiourea derivative with 3-bromophenyl, whereas for Cu(II) connection with 2- and 4-bromophenyl-thioureas the formation of dinuclear complexes is observed, the latter formed by the stacking of mononuclear complexes...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822154/-a-new-benzamide-derivative-from-rice-fermentation-of-streptomyces-sp-cpcc-202950
#7
Shan-Shan Chang, Ming-Hua Chen, Ren-Zhong Wang, Ye-Xiang Wu, Guo-Hong Yang, Biao Dong, Li-Yan Yu, Zeng-Ping Gao, Shu-Yi Si
Eight compounds were isolated from the rice fermentation of Streptomyces sp. CPCC 202950 by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica, Sephadex LH-20, flash C₁₈, and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified as 3-[(3'-amino-3'-oxoprop-1'-en-2'-yl)oxy]benzamide (1), m-hydroxybenzamide (2), leptosphaepin (3), 5-methyluracil (4), feruloylamide (5), p-hydroxyphenylacetoamide (6), vanillamide (7), cyclo (L-val-L-ala) (8). Among them, 1 was a new benzamide analogue, and 2 was a new natural product...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821560/optoacoustic-detection-of-early-therapy-induced-tumor-cell-death-using-a-targeted-imaging-agent
#8
Bangwen Xie, Michal R Tomaszewski, Andre Neves, Susana Ros, De-En Hu, Sarah McGuire, Stefanie Roshy Mullins, David A Tice, Richard C A Sainson, Sarah E Bohndiek, Robert W Wilkinson, Kevin M Brindle
The development of new treatments and their deployment in the clinic may be assisted by imaging methods that allow an early assessment of treatment response in individual patients. The C2A domain of Synaptotagmin-I (C2Am), which binds to the phosphatidylserine (PS) exposed by apoptotic and necrotic cells, has been developed as an imaging probe for detecting cell death. Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) is a real-time and clinically applicable imaging modality that was used here with a near infrared (NIR) fluorophore-labeled C2Am to image tumor cell death in mice treated with a TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor 2 (TRAILR2) agonist and with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821378/pathogens-and-outcomes-in-pediatric-septic-shock-patients-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#9
Tu-Hsuan Chang, En-Ting Wu, Chun-Yi Lu, Shu-Chien Huang, Tzu-I Yang, Ching-Chia Wang, Jong-Min Chen, Ping-Ing Lee, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Refractory septic shock is the leading cause of mortality in children. There is limited evidence to support extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use in pediatric septic shock. We described the etiology and outcomes of septic patients in our institution and attempted to find predictive factors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 55 pediatric patients with septic shock who required ECMO support in a tertiary medical center from 2008 to 2015. Septic shock was defined as culture proved or clinical suspected sepsis with hypotension or end-organ hypoperfusion...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821246/examining-database-persistence-of-iso-en-13606-standardized-electronic-health-record-extracts-relational-vs-nosql-approaches
#10
Ricardo Sánchez-de-Madariaga, Adolfo Muñoz, Raimundo Lozano-Rubí, Pablo Serrano-Balazote, Antonio L Castro, Oscar Moreno, Mario Pascual
BACKGROUND: The objective of this research is to compare the relational and non-relational (NoSQL) database systems approaches in order to store, recover, query and persist standardized medical information in the form of ISO/EN 13606 normalized Electronic Health Record XML extracts, both in isolation and concurrently. NoSQL database systems have recently attracted much attention, but few studies in the literature address their direct comparison with relational databases when applied to build the persistence layer of a standardized medical information system...
August 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820123/laceyella-thermophila-sp-nov-a-thermophilic-bacterium-isolated-from-a-hot-spring
#11
Hong Ming, Wei-Li Ji, Shuai Li, Zhuo-Li Zhao, Ling-Yu Zhang, Xiao-Lin Meng, En-Min Zhou, Guo-Xing Nie, Wen-Jun Li
A novel themophilic bacterium, designated YIM 79486T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from Jinze hot spring in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain YIM 79486T should be assigned to the genus Laceyella and formed a monophyletic clade with the type strain Laceyella putida KCTC 3666T (98.7 % similarity). Strain YIM 79486T formed white aerial mycelium and brown substrate mycelium. Abundant endospores were produced on short sporophores...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820117/mucilaginibacter-rubeus-sp-nov-isolated-from-rhizosphere-soil
#12
Jie-Chao Wei, Le-Ni Sun, Zhuo-Xin Yuan, Xue-Ting Hou, En-Dong Yang, Yuan-Yuan Cao
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterium, designated EF23T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of watermelon. Growth of strain EF23T was observed at 10-37 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain EF23T contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the major isoprenoid quinone, and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH as the major fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine was identified as the major polar lipid...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819610/a-rare-case-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tear-and-biceps-tendon-rupture-with-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-a-young-adult-surgical-decision-making-and-outcome
#13
En Loong Soon, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
INTRODUCTION: Massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in the context of shoulder dislocations are relatively uncommon in the young adult (<40 years) and if reported are more commonly described in association with acute traumatic anterior glenohumeral dislocations. They have rarely been described with posterior dislocations, regardless of patient age. This is the 1(st) case reported in the context of posterior dislocations, where a triad of biceps tendon rupture, posterior dislocation, and RCTs was observed during surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819467/-mirizzi-s-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-biliary-tract-obstruction-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Habib Bellamlih, Lamiae Bouimetarhan, Hassan En-Nouali, Touria Amil, Naoufal Chouaib, Said Jidane, Mostafa Rafai, Ahmed Belkouch, Lahcen Belyamani
Mirizzi's syndrome is a rare complication of chronic vesicular lithiasis with prevalence ranging from 0.7% to 1.4% among patients who have undergone cholecystectomy. It is characterized by cholestatic icterus associated with compression of the common bile duct due to lodged calculus in the vesicular neck or in the cystic duct. The disease can evolve toward the erosion through the common hepatic duct wall and, therefore, it can cause the formation of a gallbladder-biliary fistula. We here report a case of Mirizzi's syndrome type I in order to highlight the role of preoperative diagnosis which is made easier by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography or by cholangio-MRI, allowing to avoid iatrogenic bile duct injuries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819391/a-critical-reappraisal-for-the-value-of-tumor-size-as-a-prognostic-variable-in-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#15
Chien-Hsin Chen, Mao-Chih Hsieh, Ping-Kun Hsiao, En-Kwang Lin, Yen-Jung Lu, Szu-Yuan Wu
Background and Objectives: To investigate critical prognostic factors for local recurrence in patients with rectal adenocarcinoma. Methods: We enrolled 221 consecutive patients who had histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum and underwent surgery in our hospital between January 2000 and December 2014. Total mesorectal excision was performed in all patients undergoing a sphincter-sparing procedure or abdominal perineal resection of rectal cancer. To evaluate prognostic factors for local recurrence, we performed univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses of the local recurrence rate in all patients...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818464/one-pot-synthesis-of-bioactive-cyclopentenones-from-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid
#16
Daniel Maynard, Sara Mareike Müller, Monika Hahmeier, Jana Löwe, Ivo Feussner, Harald Gröger, Andrea Viehhauser, Karl-Josef Dietz
Oxidation products of the poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) arachidonic acid, α-linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid are bioactive in plants and animals as shown for the cyclopentenones prostaglandin 15d-PGJ2 and PGA2, cis-(+)-12-oxophytodienoic acid (12-OPDA), and 14-A-4 neuroprostane. In this study an inexpensive and simple enzymatic multi-step one-pot synthesis is presented for 12-OPDA, which is derived from α-linolenic acid, and the analogous docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-derived cyclopentenone [(4Z,7Z,10Z)-12-[[-(1S,5S)-4-oxo-5-(2Z)-pent-2-en-1yl]-cyclopent-2-en-1yl] dodeca-4,7,10-trienoic acid, OCPD]...
August 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817770/photoinduced-copper-catalyzed-alkylation-of-amines-a-mechanistic-study-of-the-cross-coupling-of-carbazole-with-alkyl-bromides
#17
Jun Myun Ahn, Tanvi S Ratani, Kareem Hannoun, Gregory C Fu, Jonas C Peters
We have recently reported that a variety of couplings of nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and carbon nucleophiles with organic halides can be achieved under mild conditions (-40 to 30 °C) through the use of light and a copper catalyst. Insight into the various mechanisms by which these reactions proceed may enhance our understanding of chemical reactivity and facilitate the development of new methods. In this report, we apply an array of tools (EPR, NMR, transient absorption, and UV-vis spectroscopy; ESI-MS; X-ray crystallography; DFT calculations; reactivity, stereochemical, and product studies) to investigate the photoinduced, copper-catalyzed coupling of carbazole with alkyl bromides...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817239/novel-dissection-of-the-central-nervous-system-to-bridge-gross-anatomy-and-neuroscience-for-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#18
Rebecca J Hlavac, Rachel Klaus, Kourtney Betts, Shilo M Smith, Maureen E Stabio
Medical schools in the United States continue to undergo curricular change, reorganization, and reformation as more schools transition to an integrated curriculum. Anatomy educators must find novel approaches to teach in a way that will bridge multiple disciplines. The cadaveric extraction of the central nervous system (CNS) provides an opportunity to bridge gross anatomy, neuroanatomy, and clinical neurology. In this dissection, the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cauda equina, optic nerve/tract, and eyes are removed in one piece so that the entire CNS and its gateway to the periphery through the spinal roots can be appreciated...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816861/en-face-versus-12-line-radial-optical-coherence-tomography-scan-patterns-for-detection-of-macular-fluid-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
Murtaza K Adam, Abtin Shahlaee, Wasim A Samara, Joseph I Maguire, Allen C Ho, Jason Hsu
PURPOSE: To compare fluid detection of autosegmented en face to 12-line radial spectral domain optical coherence tomography scan patterns in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: Retrospective observational case series. Sixty-seven patients (94 eyes) with neovascular age-related macular degeneration underwent autosegmented en face optical coherence tomography (with associated 304-line raster scan) and 12-line radial scan patterns. Sensitivity and specificity of fluid detection for en face scan and 12-line radial scans were determined by combining radial and 304-line raster scans as a gold standard...
August 14, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816612/protecting-pregnant-workers-while-fighting-sexism-work-pregnancy-balance-and-pregnant-nurses-resistance-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-hospitalsprot%C3%A3-ger-les-travailleuses-enceintes-en-luttant-contre-le-sexisme-%C3%A3-quilibre-travail-grossesse-et-r%C3%A3-sistance-d-infirmi%C3%A3-res-enceintes
#20
Anne Renée Gravel, Jessica Riel, Karen Messing
Women's workplaces should guarantee healthy pregnancies while supporting pregnant women as workers. In Québec (Canada), a pregnant worker exposed to a "danger" for herself or her fetus may ask her employer to be reassigned to other work appropriate to her skills. This approach differs from other regulatory contexts in North America in that protection of fetal and maternal health is embedded in the health and safety legislation. The advantage is that the pregnant worker is guaranteed access to her full salary, but some may question whether specific provisions for pregnant women single out such women and produce risks for their careers or, conversely, pregnancy should receive even more special consideration...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
keyword
keyword
51113
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"