keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metabolic cart

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568682/bombesin-receptor-subtype-3-expressing-neurons-regulate-energy-homeostasis-through-a-novel-neuronal-pathway-in-the-hypothalamus
#1
Minoru Maruyama, Natsu Hotta, Yasunori Nio, Kenichi Hamagami, Toshimi Nagi, Masaaki Funata, Junichi Sakamoto, Masanori Nakakariya, Nobuyuki Amano, Mayumi Nishida, Tomohiro Okawa, Yasuyoshi Arikawa, Shinobu Sasaki, Shizuo Kasai, Yasutaka Nagisa, Yugo Habata, Masaaki Mori
Objectives: Bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) has been suggested to play a potential role in energy homeostasis. However, the physiological mechanism of BRS-3 on energy homeostasis remains unknown. Thus, we investigated the BRS-3-mediated neuronal pathway involved in food intake and energy expenditure. Materials and Methods: Expression of BRS-3 in the rat brain was histologically examined. The BRS-3 neurons activated by refeeding-induced satiety or a BRS-3 agonist were identified by c-Fos immunostaining...
January 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558425/the-influence-of-high-and-low-doses-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-on-the-enteric-nervous-system-of-the-porcine-ileum
#2
Kamila Szymanska, Krystyna Makowska, Slawomir Gonkowski
Bisphenol A, used in the production of plastic, is able to leach from containers into food and cause multidirectional adverse effects in living organisms, including neurodegeneration and metabolic disorders. Knowledge of the impact of BPA on enteric neurons is practically non-existent. The destination of this study was to investigate the influence of BPA at a specific dose (0.05 mg/kg body weight/day) and at a dose ten times higher (0.5 mg/kg body weight/day), given for 28 days, on the porcine ileum. The influence of BPA on enteric neuron immunoreactive to selected neuronal active substances, including substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), galanin (GAL), vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT-used here as a marker of cholinergic neurons), and cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART), was studied by the double immunofluorescence method...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483948/prevalence-and-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-plwhiv
#3
Dula Dessalegn Bosho, Lemessa Dube, Teshale Ayele Mega, Dawit Abera Adare, Mikyas Gashaw Tesfaye, Tesfahun Chanie Eshetie
Background: Use of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has led to significant reductions in morbidity and mortality. However, there is a growing concern about metabolic syndromes (MS), among patients receiving cART. Despite this fact, there is limited evidence for the prevalence of the MS among HIV-infected persons receiving cART in developing countries, particularly Ethiopia. Objective: To determine the prevalence and predictors of MS among people living with HIV/AIDS in Jimma health centre, Jimma Zone south west Ethiopia...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482352/dolutegravir-plus-rilpivirine-as-a-switch-option-in-cart-experienced-patients-96-week-data
#4
Amedeo Ferdinando Capetti, Maria Vittoria Cossu, Gaetana Sterrantino, Giorgio Barbarini, Simona Di Giambenedetto, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, GianCarlo Orofino, Antonio Di Biagio, Benedetto M Celesia, Stefano Rusconi, Barbara Argenteri, Giuliano Rizzardini
BACKGROUND: Data from clinical studies confirm the efficacy of switching to dolutegravir (DTG) plus rilpivirine (RPV) in selected patients. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to report the 96-week virological suppression in our cohort, assessing the durability of this strategy in complicated situations. The secondary objective is to describe the safety and metabolic profile. METHODS: All patients who had switched to DTG plus RPV between October 1, 2014, and September 30, 2015, were analyzed using a retrospective-prospective design, approved by ethics committees...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474262/longitudinal-changes-in-body-composition-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-among-perinatally-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-youth-increased-risk-of-adiposity-among-hiv-infected-female-youth
#5
Tanvi S Sharma, Gabriel Somarriba, Kristopher L Arheart, Daniela Neri, M Sunil Mathew, Patricia L Graham, Gwendolyn B Scott, Tracie L Miller
BACKGROUND: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has allowed youth with perinatal HIV infection (PHIV+) to live into adulthood, but many youth may experience metabolic and body composition changes that predispose to greater cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This longitudinal study evaluated changes in body composition measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a cohort of PHIV+ youth compared to HIV- controls over a 7-year period. METHODS: PHIV+ youth and HIV- controls were prospectively enrolled in a single-site study to assess nutrition and CVD risk...
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427522/glucosensing-capacity-of-rainbow-trout-telencephalon
#6
Cristina Otero-Rodiño, Ana Rocha, Rosa Álvarez-Otero, Rosa M Ceinos, Marcos A López-Patiño, Jesús M Míguez, José Miguel Cerdá-Reverter, José L Soengas
To assess the hypothesis of glucosensing systems present in fish telencephalon, we first demonstrated in rainbow trout by in situ hybridization the presence of glucokinase (GK). Then, we assessed the response of glucosensing markers in rainbow trout telencephalon 6h after ICV treatment with glucose or 2-deoxyglucose (inducing glucoprivation). We evaluated the response of parameters related to the mechanisms dependent on GK, liver X receptor (LXR), mitochondrial activity, sweet taste receptor, and sodium-glucose linked transporter 1 (SGLT-1)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412865/interactive-potential-of-genetic-polymorphism-in-xenobiotic-metabolising-and-dna-repair-genes-for-predicting-lung-cancer-predisposition-and-overall-survival-in-north-indians
#7
Apurva Bhardwaj, Charu Bahl, Siddharth Sharma, Navneet Singh, Digamber Behera
INTRODUCTION: Cancer, a multi-step, multifactorial and multi-gene disease, not only damages the genomic integrity of the cell but also hinders the DNA repair mechanisms of the body. Gene-gene and gene environment interactions amongst the genetic polymorphisms together modulate the susceptibility towards a cancer. We have studied the high order gene interactions between the genetic polymorphism of detoxifying genes (CYP1A1, Ahr, XRCC and GST1) that play a key role in the metabolism of the xenobiotics and have been proved to be prognostic markers for lung cancer METHODS: 237 cases and 250 controls have been genotyped using PCR-RFLP technique...
February 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393850/voriconazole-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-factors-associated-with-supertherapeutic-and-subtherapeutic-voriconazole-concentrations%C3%A2
#8
Haisheng You, Yuzhu Dong, Yamin Zou, Tao Zhang, Jin'e Lei, Limei Chen, Xue Wang, Yalin Dong, Taotao Wang
OBJECTIVE: The voriconazole trough concentration (Cmin) varies widely, and Cmin outside the therapeutic range (COTR) is associated with response failure and toxicity. The objective of this study was to identify potential factors associated with COTR in patients, and specifically the population at a high risk of COTR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients who received voriconazole from 2009 to 2016. Voriconazole Cmin values were analyzed with high-performance liquid chromatography, and values of  4 mg/L were defined as COTR...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393551/comparison-of-resting-energy-expenditure-assessment-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#9
Karen Ringwald-Smith, Ashley Hobar, Casey Flowers, Katie Badgett, Ruth Williams-Hooker, Robin R Roach, April Sykes, Zhaohua Lu, Paul Mackert, Belinda N Mandrell
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of energy requirements is an important part of the nutrition assessment of pediatric oncology patients. Adequate provision of energy in this population is of extreme importance because of the prevalence of malnutrition and its effect on growth, development, quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. Numerous methods are used in clinical practice for estimating the resting energy expenditures (REE), specifically indirect calorimetry and predictive equations. A relatively new instrument used to assess REE is the hand-held indirect calorimeter...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371556/carotenoid-biosynthesis-in-fusarium
#10
REVIEW
Javier Avalos, Javier Pardo-Medina, Obdulia Parra-Rivero, Macarena Ruger-Herreros, Roberto Rodríguez-Ortiz, Dámaso Hornero-Méndez, María Carmen Limón
Many fungi of the genus Fusarium stand out for the complexity of their secondary metabolism. Individual species may differ in their metabolic capacities, but they usually share the ability to synthesize carotenoids, a family of hydrophobic terpenoid pigments widely distributed in nature. Early studies on carotenoid biosynthesis in Fusariumaquaeductuum have been recently extended in Fusarium fujikuroi and Fusarium oxysporum, well-known biotechnological and phytopathogenic models, respectively. The major Fusarium carotenoid is neurosporaxanthin, a carboxylic xanthophyll synthesized from geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate through the activity of four enzymes, encoded by the genes carRA, carB, carT and carD...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325542/visceral-adipose-tissue-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-infected-patients-undergoing-cart-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Maria Teresa Beires, André Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, António José Madureira, Jorge Pereira, Davide Carvalho, António Sarmento, Paula Freitas
BACKGROUND: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients has been associated with lipodystrophy, metabolic abnormalities, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been used as a valid measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and as a tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the progression of cIMT in HIV-infected patients subjected to cART, with and without lipodystrophy, over a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229367/the-energy-cost-of-steady-state-physical-activity-in-acute-stroke
#12
Sharon Flora Kramer, Toby Cumming, Julie Bernhardt, Liam Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Cardiorespiratory fitness levels are very low after stroke, indicating that the majority of stroke survivors are unable to independently perform daily activities. Physical fitness training improves exercise capacity poststroke; however, the optimal timing and intensity of training is unclear. Understanding the energy cost of steady-state activity is necessary to guide training prescription early poststroke. We aimed to determine if acute stroke survivors can reach steady state (oxygen-uptake variability ≤2...
April 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187418/a-rapid-review-to-identify-physical-activity-accrued-while-playing-golf
#13
Jack Luscombe, Andrew D Murray, Evan Jenkins, Daryll Archibald
OBJECTIVE: To identify physical activity (PA) accrued while playing golf and modifiers of PA accrued. DESIGN: A rapid review of primary research studies. Quality was assessed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute quality assessment tool for cohort and cross-sectional studies. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: The following databases were searched from 1900 to March 2017: SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Google Advanced Search, ProQuest, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184508/non-motorized-treadmill-running-is-associated-with-higher-cardiometabolic-demands-compared-with-overground-and-motorized-treadmill-running
#14
Robert B Edwards, Paul J Tofari, Stuart J Cormack, Douglas G Whyte
The aim of this study was to compare the cardiometabolic demands of running on a curved non-motorized treadmill (cNMT) with overground (OVR) and motorized treadmill (MOT) running. Fourteen trained male ( n = 7) and female ( n = 7) runners ([Formula: see text] 56.6 ± 4.0 mL.kg-1 .min-1 ) participated in the study. Each experimental session consisted of 5 × 6-min bouts of running at progressively higher speeds, separated by 6-min rest (females 9-15 km.h-1 ; males 10.5-16.5 km.h-1 ). Oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]) and heart rate (HR) during the last 2 min of each bout were measured using a portable metabolic cart...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160817/impact-of-high-dose-multi-strain-probiotic-supplementation-on-neurocognitive-performance-and-central-nervous-system-immune-activation-of-hiv-1-infected-individuals
#15
Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Jason M Brenchley, Eugenio Nelson Cavallari, Giuseppe Corano Scheri, Mariangela Fratino, Claudia Pinacchio, Ivan Schietroma, Saeid Najafi Fard, Carolina Scagnolari, Ivano Mezzaroma, Vincenzo Vullo, Gabriella d'Ettorre
BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota has metabolic activity which influences mucosal homeostasis, local and systemic immune responses, and other anatomical systems (i.e., brain). The effects of dysbiosis are still poorly studied in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) positive subjects and insufficient data are available on the impairment of the gut-brain axis, despite neurocognitive disorders being commonly diagnosed in these patients. This study evaluated the impact of a probiotic supplementation strategy on intrathecal immune activation and cognitive performance in combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) treated HIV-1 infected subjects...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068039/respiratory-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-responses-during-different-modes-of-overground-bionic-ambulation-in-persons-with-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-series
#16
Jochen Kressler, Tracie Wymer, Antoinette Domingo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of overground bionic ambulation with variable assistance on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses in persons with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Case series. SUBJECTS: Four participants with chronic, motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. METHODS: Subjects completed a maximal graded exercise test on an arm-ergometer and 3 6-min bouts of overground bionic ambulation using different modes of assistance, i...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046316/evidence-for-the-presence-in-rainbow-trout-brain-of-amino-acid-sensing-systems-involved-in-the-control-of-food-intake
#17
Sara Comesaña, Cristina Velasco, Rosa M Ceinos, Marcos A López-Patiño, Jesús M Míguez, Sofia Morais, José L Soengas
To assess the hypothesis of central amino acid-sensing systems involved in the control of food intake in fish, we carried out two experiments in rainbow trout. In the first one, we injected intracerebroventricularly two different branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), leucine and valine, and assessed food intake up to 48 h later. Leucine decreased and valine increased food intake. In a second experiment, 6 h after similar intracerebroventricular treatment we determined changes in parameters related to putative amino acid-sensing systems...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024954/physical-activity-a-primary-health-quality-determinant-among-community-dwelling-geriatric-women-in-taiwan
#18
Ching Hwa Hsu, Heng-Hsin Tung, Daniel L Clinciu, Liang-Kung Chen, Wei-Hsian Yin, Usman Iqbal, Tsae-Jyy Wang
Objective: To investigate the associations between frailty, physical activity and depression in community-dwelling geriatric women. Design: A cross-sectional research design. Setting: Community geriatric women in Illan County, Taiwan. Study participants: Of note 216 participants, 65 years and older with full mobility, independent and able to communicate in Mandarin or Taiwanese Hokkien. Main Outcome Measures: An average weekly physical activity score International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF) and Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale...
August 19, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024496/higher-levels-of-cystatin-c-in-hiv-aids-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Gordana Dragović, Danica Srdić, Khawla Al Musalhi, Ivan Soldatović, Jovana Kušić, Djordje Jevtović, Devaki Nair
Data about Cystatin-C levels in HIV-infected patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are still limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the possible correlations of serum levels of Cystatin-C in HIV/AIDS patients treated with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) with or without MetS. This cross-sectional study included 89 HIV/AIDS Caucasian patients receiving cART at the HIV/AIDS Centre Belgrade, Serbia, divided into two groups according to the presence of MetS. Cystatin-C and other biochemical parameters were measured using Cytokine-Array-I, Metabolic-Array-I and Metabolic-Array-II, at the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Royal Free Hospital and University College London, UK...
October 11, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978797/antiinflammatory-effects-of-aprepitant-coadministration-with-cart-regimen-containing-ritonavir-in-hiv-infected-adults
#20
Sergei Spitsin, Pablo Tebas, Jeffrey S Barrett, Vasiliki Pappa, Deborah Kim, Deanne Taylor, Dwight L Evans, Steven D Douglas
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals, even well controlled with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), have systemic inflammation and comorbidities. Substance P (SP) is an undecapeptide, which mediates neurotransmission and inflammation through its cognate neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R). Plasma SP levels are elevated in HIV-infected individuals. The FDA-approved antiemetic aprepitant, an NK1R antagonist, has anti-HIV effects and antiinflammatory actions. We evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiinflammatory properties of aprepitant in HIV-positive individuals receiving cART...
October 5, 2017: JCI Insight
keyword
keyword
51112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"