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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527279/-cases-of-acute-pesticide-poisoning-in-colonia-puerto-pirap%C3%A3-itap%C3%A3%C2%BAa-paraguay-february-2014
#1
María Esther Pedrozo, Sandra Ocampos, Rosa Galeano, Andrea Ojeda, Agueda Cabello, Dalva De Assis
In Paraguay, pesticides are the causative agent in 13.7% of poisonings, especially organophosphorus compounds. Such poisoning produces the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase generating three possible clinical conditions: acute poisoning, intermediate syndrome or late neurotoxicity. We present 15 cases of acute poisoning, ten women and five men from a rural community between 5 and 67 years of age, whose symptoms began after using water contaminated by pesticides from the community network. The most common symptoms were nausea and vomiting, followed by abdominal pain, headache, fever, itching, red eyes and sweating...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527199/the-value-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-using-a-high-end-ultrasound-system-in-the-characterization-of-endoleaks-after-endovascular-aortic-repair-evar
#2
J Rübenthaler, M Reiser, V Cantisani, D Rjosk-Dendorfer, D A Clevert
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) using a high-end ultrasound system in the characterization of endoleaks after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this mono-center study, 41 patients were retrospectively analyzed after being examined using a modern high-end ultrasound system (RS80A with Prestige, Samsung Medison Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea). The maximum diameters of the aneurysms were measured in two planes (right-left and ventral-dorsal)...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526865/realization-of-large-energy-proportion-in-the-central-lobe-by-coherent-beam-combination-based-on-conformal-projection-system
#3
Dong Zhi, Zhixin Zhang, Yanxing Ma, Xiaolin Wang, Zilun Chen, Wuming Wu, Pu Zhou, Lei Si
In this paper, we experimentally validate a tiled-aperture conformal projection system with the largest array filling factor and element beam truncation factor to the best of our knowledge. The conformal projection system, which is made up of a hexagonal adaptive fiber-optics collimator (AFOC) array with the proximate ideal intensity distributions, is fabricated and the performance of output beam is tested and evaluated properly and carefully. Both of the active phase-locking control and precise tip-tilt control are implemented successfully in the CBC of the hexagonal seven-beam-array...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525558/electronic-clinical-quality-measure-reporting-challenges-findings-from-the-medicare-ehr-incentive-program-s-controlling-high-blood-pressure-measure
#4
Dawn M Heisey-Grove, Hilary K Wall, Janet S Wright
Objective: To identify physician and practice characteristics associated with high clinical and technical performance on the electronic clinical quality measure (eCQM) that calculates the proportion of patients with hypertension who have controlled blood pressure. Materials and Methods: The study included 268 602 physicians participating in the Medicare Electronic Health Record Incentive Program between 2011 and 2014. Independent variables included delivery reform participation and physician, practice level, and area characteristics...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524766/psychological-flexibility-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-relating-patterns-of-acceptance-adherence-and-stress-to-adaptation
#5
Rebecca C Kamody, Kristoffer S Berlin, Tiffany M Rybak, Kimberly L Klages, Gabrielle G Banks, Jeanelle S Ali, Ramin Alemzadeh, Robert J Ferry, Alicia M Diaz Thomas
Psychological flexibility, a complex concept encompassing both acceptance and action related factors, has been identified as a target for intervention for diabetes management. Research suggests acceptance, self-management, and stress, all factors that influence psychological flexibility, have an impact on adaptation to type 1 diabetes (T1D) by youth independently. However, yet to be explored is individually varying patterns of these variables and how they may relate to diabetes adaptation outcomes. The present study aimed to establish individual variations of patterns of these factors to derive profiles of psychological flexibility, and examine their relations to the adaptation outcomes of glycemic control and health-related quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524029/-predictive-value-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-on-mechanical-ventilation-weaning
#6
Hui Wang, Ming Ma, Desheng Chen, Gang Li, Shupeng Wang, Jingen Xia, Jun Duan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of left ventricular diastolic function on mechanical ventilation weaning in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 0.50. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was conducted. Sixty-five patients with LVEF > 0.50 undergoing mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours admitted to surgery intensive care unit (ICU) of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from June 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524024/-efficacy-and-safety-of-colistimethate-sodium-in-critical-patients-an-in-vitro-study-by-using-of-monte-carlo-simulation
#7
Aijun Pan, Qing Mei, Tianjun Yang, Xiaolan Gao, Huaiwei Lu, Ying Ye, Jiabin Li, Bao Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of colistimethate sodium (CMS) for the treatment of critical patients infected by pan-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (PDR-AB) or pan-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PDR-PA). METHODS: 321 isolates of PDR-AB and 204 isolates of PDR-PA from critical patients admitted to 35 intensive care units (ICUs) of grade two or above were collected from the Anhui Antimicrobial Resistance Investigation Net (AHARIN) program from September 2012 to September 2015, while the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of colistin were determined by the E-test...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521648/an-exploratory-study-of-the-experience-of-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-south-africa
#8
Silvie Cooper, Leah Gilbert
Within the conceptual framework of 'medically-ill-defined' conditions, this article focuses on the experiences of 'diagnosis' through a narrative analysis of fibromyalgia (a chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder) in South Africa. In-depth interviews were used to collect narratives from 15 participants. The findings show how the contested and confusing experience of fibromyalgia diagnosis can be understood, by viewing the interactions that patients have with their practitioners, families, peers and colleagues...
May 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520756/de-novo-assembly-and-comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-foot-from-chinese-green-mussel-perna-viridis-in-response-to-cadmium-stimulation
#9
Xinhui Zhang, Zhiqiang Ruan, Xinxin You, Jintu Wang, Jieming Chen, Chao Peng, Qiong Shi
The Chinese green mussel, Perna viridis, is a marine bivalve with important economic values as well as biomonitoring roles for aquatic pollution. Byssus, secreted by the foot gland, has been proved to bind heavy metals effectively. In this study, using the RNA sequencing technology, we performed comparative transcriptomic analysis on the mussel feet with or without inducing by cadmium (Cd). Our current work is aiming at providing insights into the molecular mechanisms of byssus binding to heavy metal ions. The transcriptome sequencing generated a total of 26...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515737/the-complete-plastome-sequences-of-four-orchid-species-insights-into-the-evolution-of-the-orchidaceae-and-the-utility-of-plastomic-mutational-hotspots
#10
Zhitao Niu, Qingyun Xue, Shuying Zhu, Jing Sun, Wei Liu, Xiaoyu Ding
Orchidaceae (orchids) is the largest family in the monocots, including about 25,000 species in 880 genera and five subfamilies. Many orchids are highly valued for their beautiful and long-lasting flowers. However, the phylogenetic relationships among the five orchid subfamilies remain unresolved. The major dispute centers on whether the three one-stamened subfamilies, Epidendroideae, Orchidoideae, and Vanilloideae, are monophyletic or paraphyletic. Moreover, structural changes in the plastid genome (plastome) and the effective genetic loci at the species-level phylogenetics of orchids have rarely been documented...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515194/do-patients-and-health-care-providers-have-discordant-preferences-about-which-aspects-of-treatments-matter-most-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-of-discrete-choice-experiments
#11
Mark Harrison, Katherine Milbers, Marie Hudson, Nick Bansback
OBJECTIVES: To review studies eliciting patient and healthcare provider preferences for healthcare interventions using discrete choice experiments (DCEs) to (1) review the methodology to evaluate similarities, differences, rigour of designs and whether comparisons are made at the aggregate level or account for individual heterogeneity; and (2) quantify the extent to which they demonstrate concordance of patient and healthcare provider preferences. METHODS: A systematic review searching Medline, EMBASE, Econlit, PsycINFO and Web of Science for DCEs using patient and healthcare providers...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514955/label-free-biosensing-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-at-single-cell-level
#12
Bin Wang, Bosoon Park, Bingqian Xu, Yongkuk Kwon
BACKGROUND: The emerging nanotechnologies have greatly facilitated the development of label-free biosensors. The atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to study the molecular mechanism of the reactions for protein and aptamers. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) have been used in fast detections of various pathogens such as bacteria. This study used both AFM and SPR to investigate the complex reactions between aptamers and outer membrane proteins (OMPs) on the surface of S. typhimurium...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513056/lessons-learned-from-a-pilot-study-of-an-indigenous-patient-navigator-intervention-in-queensland-australia
#13
C M Bernardes, J Martin, P Cole, T Kitchener, G Cowburn, G Garvey, E Walpole, P C Valery
Indigenous patient navigator (IPN) programmes show promise in addressing barriers to cancer care and facilitation of patient self-efficacy. The purpose of this paper is to describe and reflect upon the experience of training an IPN and implementation of the intervention in the Australian context with Indigenous cancer patients. Randomised clinical trial might provide the best available evaluation measure of an intervention but caution should be taken in the implementation process. Socio-cultural aspects and training can affect the conduct of this type of intervention...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511383/study-on-mics-of-tigecycline-in-clinical-isolates-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-cre-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-india
#14
Vineeta Khare, Prashant Gupta, Fareya Haider, Rehana Begum
INTRODUCTION: Members of family Enterobacteriaceae are the most common Gram-negative bacteria isolated from clinical samples. Those Enterobacteriaceae which have acquired resistance to all β-lactams antibiotics including the carbapenems are considered as Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). These CRE isolates are often resistant to most other classes of antimicrobials as well, making their treatment a great challenge. Tigecycline is one of the last resort antimicrobials against such multidrug resistant bacteria...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#15
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511141/the-co-occurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-self-care-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-diabetes
#16
Chia-Lin Li, Yi-Chen Chiu, Yuh-Bin Bai, Jen-Der Lin, Fiona Stanaway, Hsing-Yi Chang
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to investigate the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in community dwelling older adults with diabetes and its relationship with specific diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: We analyzed data from two national samples of older adults (65years or older) with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (N=1034), who participated in the 2005 or 2009 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508839/application-of-national-cancer-institute-recommended-terminology-in-breast-cytology
#17
P Arul, Suresh Masilamani
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of uniformity with regard to the reporting terminology used in breast cytology by pathologists worldwide, resulting in miscommunication of results among health-care providers. AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the evaluation of breast lesions using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) recommended terminology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, a total number of 523 breast FNACs were categorized according to the NCI guidelines...
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506738/-mental-disorders-and-their-underdiagnosis-in-primary-care
#18
J L Cabrera Mateos, R Touriño González, E Núñez González
Despite its high prevalence, mental disorders are often underdiagnosed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnitude of the underdiagnosis mental disorders and its associated characteristics. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional study performed in Lanzarote (2011) on 310 patients selected by cluster random sampling. A self-completed questionnaire was used that contained the General Health Questionnaire-28, as well as structured interview using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview to confirm the diagnosis of mental disorder...
May 12, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506245/comparison-of-t24h-his-gst-t24h-and-gst-ts8b2-recombinant-antigens-in-western%C3%A2-blot-elisa-and-multiplex-bead-based-assay-for-diagnosis-of-neurocysticercosis
#19
Ana Hernández-González, John Noh, María Jesús Perteguer, Teresa Gárate, Sukwan Handali
BACKGROUND: Currently, the reference standard assay for the serodiagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the lentil lectin-bound glycoproteins/enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (LLGP-EITB). The main disadvantage of this technique is the complexity of obtaining and purifying the LLGP extract. This could be solved by replacement with highly specific recombinant antigens from Taenia solium. Based on previous studies, we selected and produced the recombinant Ts8B2 and T24H proteins and applied them to three diagnostic techniques: western blot (WB), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the multiplex bead-based assay (MBA)...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505841/optimal-strengthening-of-particle-loaded-liquid-foams
#20
F Gorlier, Y Khidas, A Fall, O Pitois
Foams made of complex fluids such as particle suspensions have a great potential for the development of advanced aerated materials. In this paper, we study the rheological behavior of liquid foams loaded with granular suspensions. We focus on the effect of small particles, i.e., particle-to-bubble size ratio smaller than 0.1, and we measure the complex modulus as a function of particle size and particle volume fraction. With respect to previous work, the results highlight a new elastic regime characterized by unequaled modulus values as well as independence of size ratio...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
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