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Intravenous paracetamol

Mustafa Serinken, Cenker Eken, Özgür Karcıoğlu
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common acute pain disorders among women of reproductive age. AIMS: The present study aimed to compare the effects of IV paracetamol to dexketoprofen in patients presented with primary dysmenorrhea to the emergency department. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized Controlled Trial. METHODS: Patients over 18 years old presented with pelvic pain related to menstruation were accepted as eligible for the study...
February 2, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Agnieszka Karbownik, Wojciech Polom, Joanna Porazka, Edyta Szalek, Tomasz Grabowski, Anna Wolc, Matuszewski Marcin, Edmund Grzesowiak
Paracetamol is one of the most common analgesic and antipyretic drugs. Recently intravenous paracetamol has been widely used to treat moderate postoperative pain. Surgery is the main method of treatment of renal cancer. Total or partial nephrectomy can be performed, depending on the size and location of the tumor. Pharmacokinetics of drugs may depend on the type of surgery. The aim of the study was to compare the postinfusion pharmacokinetics of paracetamol in patients after total nephrectomy (TN) and nephron sparing surgery (NSS)...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Ines Tofe, Maria Dolores Ruiz-González, Maria Dolores Cañete, Asuncion Pino, Rosa Lorena Rueda, Maria Jose Parraga, Juan Luis Perez-Navero
Background: Standard medical treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure has been indomethacin/ibuprofen or surgical ligation. Up to date, new strategies have been reported with paracetamol. The aim of this study was to present our experience with intravenous paracetamol for closing PDA in preterm neonates presenting contraindication to ibuprofen or ibuprofen had failed and no candidates for surgical ligation because of huge instability. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective case series study in a neonatal intensive care unit from a tertiary hospital...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Nagehan Aslan, Dincer Yildizdas, Didar Arslan, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, Hayri Levent Yilmaz, Sevcan Bilen
Paracetamol is a common antipyretic often used to treat children with fever and pain. With the increasing administration of intravenous (IV) paracetamol, there will be the associated risk of medication dosing errors. We report a case of IV paracetamol overdose in a child with fever during hospital admission. A IV paracetamol dosing error occurred, with delayed recognition resulting in transient hepatotoxicity, with a peak alanine transaminase of 1946 IU/L and aspartate transaminase of 1633 IU/L.
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Angela L Chiew, Christian Gluud, Jesper Brok, Nick A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the most widely used non-prescription analgesic in the world. Paracetamol is commonly taken in overdose either deliberately or unintentionally. In high-income countries, paracetamol toxicity is a common cause of acute liver injury. There are various interventions to treat paracetamol poisoning, depending on the clinical status of the person. These interventions include inhibiting the absorption of paracetamol from the gastrointestinal tract (decontamination), removal of paracetamol from the vascular system, and antidotes to prevent the formation of, or to detoxify, metabolites...
February 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mehmet Aksoy, İlker İnce, Ali Ahıskalıoğlu, Sadullah Keleş, Ömer Doymuş
OBJECTIVES: This prospective randomized study aimed to compare the efficacy of preoperative versus postoperative paracetamol on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children undergoing strabismus surgery. METHODS: Ninety-six patients were randomly divided into three equal groups (n=32). In the preoperative paracetamol group, patients received intravenous (IV) infusion of paracetamol [15 mg kg-1 (1.5 ml kg-1)] 1 h before surgery over 20 min and that of saline (1...
January 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Manish B Kotwani, Anila D Malde
Background and Aims: Increasing number of pediatric ambulatory surgeries are being carried out in general anesthesia using supraglottic airways (SGAs). Literature comparing sevoflurane and desflurane for the maintenance of SGA-based anesthesia is limited. Hence, we planned this prospective randomized study to compare the maintenance, emergence and recovery characteristics of sevoflurane and desflurane for pediatric ambulatory surgery. Material and Methods: Sixty children aged 6 months to 6 years posted for short surgical procedures were enrolled into the study...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Girish Gulab Meshram, Neeraj Kaur, Kanwaljeet Singh Hura
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a condition which predominantly affects children and causes a spectrum of skin lesions. We present a case of a 2-month-old infant with complaints of fever and fragile blisters over the body. The mucosal areas were spared. The diagnosis of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome was reached on clinical grounds and culture report. The patient responded well to the treatment, which included an antibiotic (cloxacillin), an analgesic (paracetamol), and hydration with intravenous fluids...
2018: SAGE open medical case reports
Alper Yenigun, Sinan Yilmaz, Remzi Dogan, Seda Sezen Goktas, Muhittin Calim, Orhan Ozturan
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillectomy is one of the oldest and most commonly performed surgical procedure in otolaryngology. Postoperative pain management is still an unsolved problem. In this study, our aim is to demonstrate the efficacy of intranasal ketamine and intranasal fentanyl for postoperative pain relief after tonsillectomy in children. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This randomized-controlled study was conducted to evaluate the effects of intranasal ketamine and intranasal fentanyl in children undergoing tonsillectomy...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Seyed Morteza Heydari, Seyed Jalal Hashemi, Shahpour Pourali
Background: In considering the importance of postoperative pain management and its consequences on its related secondary outcomes including nausea, vomiting, and operation-related complications, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of the three analgesic agents including ketamine, paracetamol, and magnesium sulfate for postoperative pain relief and associated consequences in this trial. Materials and Methods: In this double-blinded randomized control clinical trial, patients scheduled for elective lower extremity orthopedic surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled and randomized into four groups for receiving intravenous ketamine (0...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Shun Matsumura, Ayumi Oshima, Sumie Fujinuma, Kosuke Tanaka, Nobuhiko Nagano, Fuyu Miyake, Satoshi Masutani, Masanori Tamura, Keiko Ueda, Fumihiko Namba
Background  Although indomethacin (IND) is the standard treatment for hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in Japan, it may be associated with renal impairment and gastrointestinal complications. The use of paracetamol for hsPDA closure has recently increased. Unlike IND, paracetamol does not have a peripheral vasoconstrictive effect and can be given to infants with contraindications to IND. Based on limited data available from randomized trials, paracetamol and IND seem to have similar effects...
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Jeremy Furyk, Deahnne Levas, Benjamin Close, Kathryn Laspina, Meghan Fitzpatrick, Kelvin Robinson, Venkat N Vangaveti, Robin Ray
OBJECTIVE: To determine if intravenous paracetamol was superior to oral paracetamol as an adjunct to opioids in the management of moderate to severe pain in the ED setting. METHODS: A prospective, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, controlled trial was conducted at a single academic tertiary care ED. Adult patients with moderate to severe pain were randomly assigned to receive either the intravenous paracetamol or oral paracetamol. The primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain reduction at 30 min...
December 15, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Chhaya V Sharma, Jamie H Long, Seema Shah, Junia Rahman, David Perrett, Samir S Ayoub, Vivek Mehta
Paracetamol is arguably the most commonly used analgesic and antipyretic drug worldwide, however its mechanism of action is still not fully established. It has been shown to exert effects through multiple pathways, some actions suggested to be mediated via N-arachidonoylphenolamine (AM404). AM404, formed through conjugation of paracetamol-derived p-aminophenol with arachidonic acid in the brain, is an activator of the capsaicin receptor, TRPV1, and inhibits the reuptake of the endocannabinoid, anandamide, into postsynaptic neurons, as well as inhibiting synthesis of PGE2 by COX-2...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
Robert B Raffa, Jayne Pawasauskas, Joseph V Pergolizzi, Luke Lu, Yin Chen, Sutan Wu, Brant Jarrett, Randi Fain, Lawrence Hill, Krishna Devarakonda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several features favor paracetamol (acetaminophen) administration by the intravenous rather than the oral route in the postoperative setting. This study compared the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of oral and intravenous paracetamol when given with or without an opioid, morphine. METHODS: In this randomized, single-blind, parallel, repeat-dose study in healthy adults, subjects received four repeat doses of oral or intravenous 1000 mg paracetamol at 6-h intervals, and morphine infusions (0...
March 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
Sameer A Pathan, Biswadev Mitra, Peter A Cameron
CONTEXT: Renal colic is a common, acute presentation of urolithiasis that requires immediate pain relief. European Association of Urology guidelines recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as the preferred analgesia. However, the fear of NSAID adverse effects and the uncertainty about superior analgesic effect have maintained the practice of advocating intravenous opioids as the initial analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of NSAIDs with opioids and paracetamol (acetaminophen) for the management of acute renal colic...
November 22, 2017: European Urology
James W Dear, Joanna I Clarke, Ben Francis, Lowri Allen, Jonathan Wraight, Jasmine Shen, Paul I Dargan, David Wood, Jamie Cooper, Simon H L Thomas, Andrea L Jorgensen, Munir Pirmohamed, B Kevin Park, Daniel J Antoine
BACKGROUND: Paracetamol overdose is common but patient stratification is suboptimal. We investigated the usefulness of new biomarkers that have either enhanced liver specificity (microRNA-122 [miR-122]) or provide mechanistic insights (keratin-18 [K18], high mobility group box-1 [HMGB1], and glutamate dehydrogenase [GLDH]). The use of these biomarkers could help stratify patients for their risk of liver injury at hospital presentation. METHODS: Using data from two prospective cohort studies, we assessed the potential for biomarkers to stratify patients who overdose with paracetamol...
November 13, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
S Juujärvi, T Saarela, M Hallman, O Aikio
AIM: Symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus may lead to serious complications in extremely preterm and extremely low birth weight infants and is often resistant to medication. We evaluated early intravenous paracetamol for pain prevention during respiratory therapy, in an attempt to understand the ductal treatment of such infants. METHODS: Our cohort were 295 extremely preterm or extremely low birth weight infants, born at less than 28 weeks or 1,000g, respectively, who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of Oulu University Hospital from 2002-2015, before and after intravenous paracetamol was introduced in June 2009...
November 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Behcet Al, Mehmet Mustafa Sunar, Suat Zengin, Mustafa Sabak, Mustafa Bogan, Basri Can, Seval Kul, M Murat Oktay, Sevki Hakan Eren
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy of intravenous dexketoprofen trometamol, fentanyl, and paracetamol in patients presenting to the emergency department with renal colic. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Data obtained from the emergency departments of Gaziantep University's Hospital for Research and Practice along with two other state hospitals in Gaziantep, Turkey between January 2016 and January 2017 was used for this study. A total of three hundred patients (n=300), who presented to the ER with complaints most common to renal colic whose diagnoses were subsequently confirmed with Computerized Tomography were included in the study...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Thomas G de Leeuw, Maaike Dirckx, Antonia Gonzalez Candel, Gail P Scoones, Frank J P M Huygen, Saskia N de Wildt
Dipyrone has analgesic, spasmolytic, and antipyretic effects and is used to treat pain. Due to a possible risk of agranulocytosis with the use of dipyrone, it has been banned in a number of countries. The most commonly used data for the use of dipyrone are related to adults. Information relating to the use of dipyrone in children is scarce. Given the potential added value of dipyrone in the treatment of pain, a review of the literature was conducted to obtain more insight into the analgesic efficacy of dipyrone in children as well as the safety of dipyrone in terms of adverse events...
December 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Susana Mustafa-Mikhail, Sharon Assaraf, Philippe Abecassis, Hanin Dabaja, Samer Jarrous, Salim Hadad, Lior Lowenstein
BACKGROUND: Management of postoperative pain has become a growing concern, even for minor gynecological procedures. Proper postoperative pain management has been shown to lead to earlier mobilization, shortened hospital stay, and increased patient satisfaction. The optimal means of reducing the pain of pregnancy termination has not yet been determined. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficiency in pain management of two drugs, lornoxicam and paracetamol, given intravenously postoperatively to women who underwent abortion with dilation and curettage...
September 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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