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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891499/a-presumptive-case-of-human-rabies-a-rare-survived-case-in-rural-ghana
#1
Paschal Awingura Apanga, John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Michael Acheampong, Matthew Ayamba Adam
Rabies remains endemic in Ghana and continues to pose a major public health threat to humans and animals with a nearly 100% case fatality rate in humans. We report of a presumptive case of human rabies whose survival represents a rare occurrence in rural Ghana and worldwide. Lessons from this case study provide a critically needed focus in helping improve rabies surveillance and case management in Ghana. We report of the survival of a 36-year-old man who developed clinical rabies after he was bitten by his dog, while restraining the dog with a chain...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792836/randomized-controlled-multicenter-clinical-trial-of-the-antipyretic-effect-of-intravenous-paracetamol-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-with-infection
#2
Thomas Tsaganos, Ioulia K Tseti, Nikolaos Tziolos, Georgios-Stefanos Soumelas, Marina Koupetori, Athina Pyrpasopoulou, Karolina Akinosoglou, Charalambos Gogos, Nikolaos Tsokos, Asterios Karagiannis, Styliani Sympardi, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis
AIM: No randomized study has been conducted for intravenous paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) for fever management due to infection. This is a study for a new ready-made infusion of paracetamol. METHODS: 80 patients with body temperature onset the last 24 hours greater than or equal to 38.5 °C due to infection were randomized to single administration of placebo (n = 39) or 1 g paracetamol (n = 41); temperature was recorded at standard intervals. Rescue medication with 1 g paracetamol was allowed...
October 28, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792212/postoperative-analgesia-for-elective-total-knee-arthroplasty-under-subarachnoid-anesthesia-with-opioids-comparison-between-epidural-femoral-block-and-adductor-canal-block-techniques-with-and-without-perineural-adjuvants-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
José R Ortiz-Gómez, Marta Perepérez-Candel, José M Vázquez-Torres, José M Rodriguez-Del Río, Berta Torrón-Abad, Inocencia Fornet-Ruiz, Francisco J Palacio-Abizanda
BACKGROUND: Optimal control of acute postoperative pain and prevention of chronic persistent pain in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remain a challenge. The main hypothesis was that nerve blocks improve postoperative analgesia especially if perineural adjuvants are added. METHODS: Immediate postoperative pain (24 h) was evaluated every hour in 639 patients using a verbal rating 11-point scale for patient self-reporting of pain (VRS-11). All patients received subarachnoid anesthesia and were randomly allocated in 8 groups: control group, epidural (EA) and single shots femoral (FNB) or adductor canal blocks (ACB), both with and without adjuvants: dexamethasone (+Dexa) or dexmedetomidine (+Dexm)...
October 28, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716943/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-prevention-or-treatment-of-pain-in-newborns
#4
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714809/physical-compatibility-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-and-drugs-in-y-site-administration-to-children-from-neonates-to-adolescents
#5
Vigdis Staven, Herra Iqbal, Siri Wang, Ingrid Grønlie, Ingunn Tho
OBJECTIVES: Infusion of precipitate or destabilized emulsion can be harmful. The purpose of this study was to obtain Y-site compatibility data on intravenous drugs and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) relevant for children. METHODS: Two three-in-one TPN admixtures (Olimel N5E and Numeta G16E) used for children of different age groups were tested with ten drugs (ampicillin, ceftazidime, clindamycin, dexamethasone, fluconazole, fosphenytoin, furosemide, metronidazole, ondansetron and paracetamol)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703954/multimodal-analgesia-with-ketamine-or-tramadol-in-combination-with-intravenous-paracetamol-after-renal-surgery
#6
Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Seyed Mehdi Sabouri, Reza Shariat Moharari, Pejman Pourfakhr, Atabak Najafi, Farhad Etezadi, Farsad Imani
BACKGROUND: Opioids are generally the preferred analgesic agents during the early postoperative period. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to assess and compare the multimodal analgesic effects of ketamine and tramadol in combination with intravenous acetaminophen after renal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial was conducted on 80 consecutive patients undergoing various types of kidney surgeries in Sina hospital in Tehran in 2014 - 2016...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695281/intravenous-paracetamol-and-intraocular-pressure-reduction-mannitol-may-also-be-involved
#7
Karel Allegaert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611037/paracetamol-in-intensive-care-intravenous-oral-or-not-at-all
#8
EDITORIAL
F Hanks, C McKenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558662/an-assessment-of-the-variation-in-the-concentration-of-acetylcysteine-in-infusions-for-the-treatment-of-paracetamol-overdose
#9
George P Bailey, David M Wood, John R H Archer, Edmund Rab, Robert J Flanagan, Paul I Dargan
BACKGROUND: Intravenous acetylcysteine is the treatment of choice for paracetamol poisoning. A previous UK study in 2001 found that 39% of measured acetylcysteine infusion concentrations differed by >20% from anticipated concentrations. In 2012 the UK Commission on Human Medicines made recommendations for the management of paracetamol overdose, including provision of weight-based acetylcysteine dosing tables. The aim of this study was to assess variation in acetylcysteine concentrations in administered infusions following the introduction of this guidance...
August 24, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555193/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-randomized-trial
#10
Shubhangi Arora, Anjolie Chhabra, Rajeshwari Subramaniam, Mahesh K Arora, Mahesh C Misra, Virender K Bansal
BACKGROUND: Pain after laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery can be moderate to severe, interfering with return to normal activity. The study aimed to assess the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided (USG) transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for relieving acute pain after laparoscopic hernia repair as T10-L1 nerve endings are anesthetized with this block. METHODS: Seventy-one American Society of Anesthesiologists I to II patients, aged 18 to 65 years, undergoing unilateral/bilateral laparoscopic hernia repair were randomized to port site infiltration (control, 36) and TAP block groups (35)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555133/preoperative-paracetamol-improves-post-cesarean-delivery-pain-management-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Ozlem Ozmete, Cagla Bali, Oya Yalcin Cok, Pinar Ergenoglu, Nesrin Bozdogan Ozyilkan, Sule Akin, Hakan Kalayci, Anis Aribogan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic effect of preoperative single dose intravenous paracetamol on postoperative pain and analgesic consumption within 24hours after elective cesarean surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: University Teaching Hospital. PATIENTS: American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I and II 60 patients between 18-40years of age who were scheduled to undergo elective cesarean section...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537754/comparative-plasma-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-pharmacokinetics-of-paracetamol-after-intravenous-and-oral-administration
#12
Roger A Langford, Malcolm Hogg, Andrew R Bjorksten, Daryl L Williams, Kate Leslie, Kris Jamsen, Carl Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: We compared plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics of paracetamol after intravenous (IV) and oral administration to determine dosing regimens that optimize CSF concentrations. METHODS: Twenty-one adult patients were assigned randomly to 1 g IV, 1 g oral or 1.5 g oral paracetamol. An IV cannula and lumbar intrathecal catheter were used to sample venous blood and CSF, respectively, over 6 hours. The plasma and CSF maximum concentrations (Cmax), times to maximum concentrations (Tmax), and area under the plasma and CSF concentration-time curves (AUCs) were calculated using noncompartmental techniques...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507582/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-or-intravenous-lignocaine-in-open-prostate-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
I Maquoi, J L Joris, C Dresse, S Vandenbosch, I Venneman, J-F Brichant, G A Hans
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane block (TAP) and intravenous lignocaine are two analgesic techniques frequently used after abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that these two techniques improve post-operative analgesia after open prostate surgery and sought to compare their efficacy on immediate post-operative outcome after open prostate surgery. METHODS: After ethics committee approval, 101 patients were enrolled in this prospective study and randomly allocated to receive bilateral ultrasound-guided TAP (n = 34), intravenous lignocaine (n = 33) or placebo (n = 34)...
November 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485347/influence-of-the-time-of-intravenous-administration-of-paracetamol-on-its-pharmacokinetics-and-ocular-disposition-in-rabbits
#14
Agnieszka Karbownik, Agnieszka Bienert, Włodzimierz Płotek, Tomasz Grabowski, Magdalena Cerbin-Koczorowska, Anna Wolc, Edmund Grześkowiak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Paracetamol is one of the most common analgesics and antipyretics applied in health care. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of the time-of-day administration on the paracetamol pharmacokinetics and its penetration into aqueous humour (AH). METHODS: Rabbits were divided into three groups: I-receiving paracetamol at 08.00 h, II-receiving paracetamol at 16.00 h, and III-receiving paracetamol at 24.00 h. Paracetamol was administered intravenously at a single dose of 35 mg/kg...
August 2, 2016: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471373/the-intraocular-pressure-lowering-properties-of-intravenous-paracetamol
#15
Henning van den Heever, David Meyer
AIM: The aim of this paper was to investigate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-changing properties of a single standard dose of intravenous (IV) paracetamol and compare it to that of topical timolol, oral acetazolamide, and no treatment. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, investigator-blind, parallel-group study was conducted in 73 eyes of 52 subjects. Subjects received a single dose of IV paracetamol (1 g), oral acetazolamide (250 mg), topical timolol (0.5%, one drop), or no treatment...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457427/propacetamol-induced-injection-pain-is-associated-with-activation-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-channels
#16
Florian Schillers, Esther Eberhardt, Andreas Leffler, Mirjam Eberhardt
Propacetamol (PPCM) is a prodrug of paracetamol (PCM), which was generated to increase water solubility of PCM for intravenous delivery. PPCM is rapidly hydrolyzed by plasma esterases to PCM and diethylglycine and shares some structural and metabolic properties with lidocaine. Although PPCM is considered to be comparable to PCM regarding its analgesic properties, injection pain is a common side effect described for PPCM but not PCM. Injection pain is a frequent and unpleasant side effect of numerous drugs in clinical use, and previous reports have indicated that the ligand gated ion channels transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) can mediate this effect on sensory neurons...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436188/premedication-prevents-infusion-reactions-and-improves-retention-rate-during-infliximab-treatment
#17
Francesca Bartoli, Cosimo Bruni, Laura Cometi, Jelena Blagojevic, Ginevra Fiori, Lorenzo Tofani, Felice Galluccio, Daniel E Furst, Marco Matucci Cerinic
Infliximab (IFX) is an anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody used to treat inflammatory joint diseases. Infusion reactions (IR) can occur during and after intravenous administration and often require discontinuation of IFX therapy. This retrospective study aimed at evaluating the incidence of IR in patients with joint inflammatory diseases receiving IFX with and without premedication. Clinical charts of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis patients receiving IFX from January 2002 to December 2014 were reviewed...
November 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412926/delays-during-the-administration-of-acetylcysteine-for-the-treatment-of-paracetamol-overdose
#18
George P Bailey, Javad Najafi, Muhammad E M O Elamin, W Stephen Waring, Simon H L Thomas, John R H Archer, David M Wood, Paul I Dargan
BACKGROUND: The licensed intravenous acetylcysteine regimen for treating paracetamol overdose in most countries uses three separate infusions over 21 h. This complex regimen, requiring different infusion concentrations and rates, has been associated with administration errors. The aim of the present study was to assess the extent of administration delays occurring during this acetylcysteine regimen. METHOD: A 6-month retrospective observational study was conducted at three English teaching hospitals with clinical toxicology services from October 2014...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403409/comparison-between-paracetamol-piroxicam-their-combination-and-placebo-in-postoperative-pain-management-of-upper-limb-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Gholamreza Khalili, Marzieh Salimianfard, Abolghasem Zarehzadeh
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic superiority of a combination of Paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) over either drug alone remains controversial. We evaluated the efficiency of a combination of Paracetamol and Piroxicam versus each drug alone and also placebo in the management of postoperative pain, in patients who had undergone elective upper limb orthopedic surgery under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients were randomly divided into four groups to receive either intravenous (IV) infusion of Paracetamol, 15 mg/kg...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27370941/reduced-anaesthetic-requirements-and-postoperative-analgesics-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-premedication-with-intravenous-paracetamol-versus-ketorolac-a-double-blind-and-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
A J Medina-Vera, L M Novoa
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of premedication with intravenous paracetamol versus ketorolac, in decreasing intraoperative anaesthetic and postoperative opioid analgesics requirements in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHOD: An experimental, prospective, comparative, double blind, and randomised clinical trial was conducted to determine intraoperative opioid requirements, and pain and analgesic requirements in the postoperative period in 100 healthy patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 28, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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