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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039246/regular-practice-of-competitive-sports-does-not-impair-sleep-in-adolescents-dados-study
#1
María Reyes Beltran-Valls, Enrique García Artero, Ana Capdevila-Seder, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese, Mireia Adelantado-Renau, Diego Moliner-Urdiales
PURPOSE: To analyze differences in sleep quality and duration by athletic status and sex, and to examine the association between physical activity (PA) recommendation and sleep in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 267 adolescents [13.9 (0.3) y] from Deporte, ADOlescencia y Salud (DADOS) study (129 girls) were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Athletes competed regularly in organized sport events and trained ≥3 days per week, but nonathletes did not compete...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035666/examination-of-risk-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-among-college-football-players
#2
Bailey Peck, Timothy Renzi, Hannah Peach, Jane Gaultney, Joseph S Marino
CONTEXT: Professional football linemen are at risk for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) compared to other types of athletes. It is currently unknown whether collegiate football linemen display a similar risk profile. OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine for the first time whether collegiate football linemen show risk for SDB, and 2) Test the hypothesis that SDB risk is higher in collegiate football linemen compared to an athletic comparison group. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031461/sleep-sport-and-the-brain
#3
Shona L Halson, Laura E Juliff
The recognition that sleep is one of the foundations of athlete performance is increasing both in the elite athlete arena as well as applied performance research. Sleep, as identified through sleep deprivation and sleep extension investigations, has a role in performance, illness, injury, metabolism, cognition, memory, learning, and mood. Elite athletes have been identified as having poorer quality and quantity of sleep in comparison to the general population. This is likely the result on training times, competition stress/anxiety, muscle soreness, caffeine use, and travel...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977294/sleep-quality-and-its-association-with-psychological-symptoms-in-adolescent-athletes
#4
Gabriel Cordeiro Gomes, Muana Hiandra Pereira Dos Passos, Hítalo Andrade Silva, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Wbinayara Alves Novaes, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its association with personal characteristics and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in amateur adolescent athletes. METHODS: 309 adolescent athletes aged between 10 and 19 years were enrolled. Data collection included: a structured questionnaire, with personal information; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Results are described in mean and standard deviation (numeric variables) and absolute and relative frequencies (categorical variables)...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931975/correlation-between-sleep-and-psychological-mood-states-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players-on-a-japanese-national-team
#5
Kenji Tsunoda, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kazushi Hotta, Yukiyo Shimizu, Naruki Kitano, Yasuyoshi Wadano
[Purpose] Although some studies suggest the importance of getting adequate sleep for enhancing mood, there is not yet sufficient evidence on the relationship between sleep and mood states in athletes, especially for athletes with physical disability. The purpose of this study is to reveal relationships between sleep and psychological mood states in female wheelchair basketball players. [Subjects and Methods] Seventeen female wheelchair basketball players (30.9 ± 9.4 years old) on a Japanese national team participated...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910543/intra-individual-variability-in-the-sleep-of-senior-and-junior-rugby-league-athletes-during-the-competitive-season
#6
Johnpaul Caia, Shona L Halson, Tannath J Scott, Vincent G Kelly
This study examined the sleep intra-individual variability (IIV) of rugby league athletes across senior and junior levels during one week of the competitive season. Forty-five rugby league athletes across elite senior, sub-elite senior and elite junior levels each wore actigraphy monitors for seven days during the competitive season, and completed a subjective sleep diary each morning upon waking. Linear mixed models were used to assess differences in sleep measures between playing levels. Intra-individual standard deviations for each sleep measure were calculated for each athlete to determine their respective IIV, allowing differences in IIV between groups to be assessed...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#7
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#8
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870119/a-history-of-concussions-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-former-male-professional-athletes-across-a-range-of-sports
#9
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Michael Lambert, William Stewart, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union)...
September 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859995/glymphatic-system-disruption-as-a-mediator-of-brain-trauma-and-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#10
REVIEW
Molly J Sullan, Breton M Asken, Michael S Jaffee, Steven T DeKosky, Russell M Bauer
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an increasingly important issue among veterans, athletes and the general public. Difficulties with sleep onset and maintenance are among the most commonly reported symptoms following injury, and sleep debt is associated with increased accumulation of beta amyloid (Aβ) and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) in the interstitial space. Recent research into the glymphatic system, a lymphatic-like metabolic clearance mechanism in the central nervous system (CNS) which relies on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), interstitial fluid (ISF), and astrocytic processes, shows that clearance is potentiated during sleep...
August 30, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859214/-injuries-in-the-schoolyard-an-analysis-of-individual-and-contextual-factors
#11
Sven Stadtmüller, Andreas Klocke, Andrea Giersiefen, Robert Lipp
Aims of the Study Injuries of children and adolescents rank among the most immediate problems in public health in Germany. Alongside accidents in the household and during leisure time, the school is of great importance. However, there are significant gaps in knowledge about the causes of school injuries. This is the starting point of this article, which analyses individual and contextual factors that influence the occurrence of injuries in schools and deals explicitly with injuries happening in the schoolyard...
August 31, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826314/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-dutch-elite-athletes
#12
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in elite sports is scarce. Consequently, the objectives of the study were to (i) establish the 12-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use, eating disorders) among Dutch elite athletes and (ii) explore their potential association with several stressors (being injured, recent life events, career dissatisfaction). METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 12-month follow-up period was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820856/perceived-wellness-associated-with-practice-and-competition-in-ncaa-division-i-football-players
#13
Aaron D Wellman, Sam C Coad, Patrick J Flynn, Ty K Siam, Christopher P McLellan
The present study assessed the influence of movement demands resulting from weekly practice sessions and games, on perceived wellness measurements taken post-game (Sunday) and 48 hours pre-game (Thursday) throughout the in-season period in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) division I football players. Thirty players were monitored using GPS receivers (Catapult Innovations OptimEye S5, Melbourne, Australia) during 12 games and 24 in-season practices. Movement variables included low-intensity distance, medium-intensity distance, high-intensity distance, sprint distance, total distance, player load, and acceleration and deceleration distance...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818999/short-term-arrival-strategies-for-endurance-exercise-performance-at-moderate-altitude
#14
Joshua L Foss, Keren Constantini, Timothy D Mickleborough, Robert F Chapman
For sea level-based endurance athletes who compete at moderate and high altitudes, many are not logistically able to arrive at altitude weeks prior to the event to fully acclimatize. For those who can only arrive at altitude the night before competition, we asked if there is a physiological and performance advantage in reducing altitude exposure time to two hours prior to competition. On three separate visits, ten cyclists completed overnight laboratory exposures of: 1) a 14-hour exposure to normobaric hypoxia (16...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817504/movement-demands-and-perceived-wellness-associated-with-preseason-training-camp-in-ncaa-division-i-college-football-players
#15
Aaron D Wellman, Sam C Coad, Patrick J Flynn, Mike Climstein, Christopher P McLellan
The aims of this study were to examine the movement demands of preseason practice in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I college football players using portable global positioning system (GPS) technology and to assess perceived wellness associated with preseason practice to determine whether GPS-derived variables from the preceding day influence perceived wellness the following day. Twenty-nine players were monitored using GPS receivers (Catapult Innovations, Melbourne, Australia) during 20 preseason practices...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810965/the-benefits-and-risks-of-energy-drinks-in-young-adults-and-military-service-members
#16
Julianne Manchester, Inbal Eshel, Donald W Marion
INTRODUCTION: Energy drinks (EDs) have become an integral part of the young adult, athletic, and military culture. Many athletes are convinced that EDs enhance performance, and service members as well as college students frequently use EDs as stimulants to counter sleep deprivation, or to improve academic performance. However, concerns have been raised by some military leaders about potential adverse effects of EDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A needs assessment survey of a convenience sample of military health care providers was conducted and identified EDs as a top knowledge need for those providers working in the area of traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810446/physical-recovery-mental-detachment-and-sleep-as-predictors-of-injury-and-mental-energy
#17
Yannick A Balk, Jan de Jonge, Wido Gm Oerlemans, Sabine Ae Geurts
Although sports activities are generally considered beneficial to people's health and well-being, they can cause injuries and increased fatigue. Guided by the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation Recovery Model, this study hypothesized that physical recovery and mental detachment from sport-related activities would prevent injury and enhance mental energy. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among 161 recreational athletes. Structural equation modelling analyses showed that mental detachment was negatively associated with injury and positively associated with mental energy...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794982/symptom-correlates-of-cerebral-blood-flow-following-acute-concussion
#18
Nathan W Churchill, Michael G Hutchison, Simon J Graham, Tom A Schweizer
Concussion is associated with significant symptoms within hours to days post-injury, including disturbances in physical function, cognition, sleep and emotion. However, little is known about how subjective impairments correlate with objective measures of cerebrovascular function following brain injury. This study examined the relationship between symptoms and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in individuals following sport-related concussion. Seventy university level athletes had CBF measured using Arterial Spin Labelling (ASL), including 35 with acute concussion and 35 matched controls and their symptoms were assessed using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3)...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754605/train-hard-sleep-well-perceived-training-load-sleep-quantity-and-sleep-stage-distribution-in-elite-level-athletes
#19
Melanie Knufinke, Arne Nieuwenhuys, Sabine A E Geurts, Els I S Møst, Kamiel Maase, Maarten H Moen, Anton M L Coenen, Michiel A J Kompier
OBJECTIVES: Sleep is essential for recovery and performance in elite athletes. While it is generally assumed that exercise benefits sleep, high training load may jeopardize sleep and hence limit adequate recovery. To examine this, the current study assessed objective sleep quantity and sleep stage distributions in elite athletes and calculated their association with perceived training load. DESIGN: Mixed-methods. METHODS: Perceived training load, actigraphy and one-channel EEG recordings were collected among 98 elite athletes during 7 consecutive days of regular training...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#20
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
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