keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fluid and electrolytes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143474/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-progress-in-management
#1
REVIEW
G Di Nardo, T B Karunaratne, S Frediani, R De Giorgio
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a severe form of gastrointestinal dysmotility (often due to derangement of the innervation/smooth muscle/interstitial cells of Cajal) with recurrent episodes of intestinal subocclusion mimicking a mechanical obstruction. Because of its complexity and heterogeneity, CIPO is often misdiagnosed or remains unrecognized until advanced stages. Management is a critical aspect in CIPO patient care. So far, most prokinetic drugs have not proven efficacy in restoring intestinal propulsion, thus nutritional support, fluid/electrolyte replacement, and antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment...
December 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143062/-intracranial-cystic-lesions
#2
REVIEW
F Ahlhelm, K Shariat, S Götschi, S Ulmer
CLINICAL PROBLEM: Intracerebral cysts are common findings in imaging of the neurocranium and are not always clinically significant. The pathological spectrum of intracerebral cysts is, however, very broad and in addition to incidental findings includes developmental disorders, malformation tumors, primary and secondary neoplasms and infectious etiologies, such as cerebral abscess formation, cysticercosis or residuals after congenital cytomegalovirus infections. Intracerebral cystic defects may be caused by inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) diseases, such as multiple sclerosis as well as by mitochondriopathies, leukodystrophy, electrolyte disturbances or osmotic demyelination syndrome or brain infarctions, e...
November 15, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137593/central-pontine-myelinolysis-after-living-donor-liver-transplant-a-report-of-2-cases
#3
Ya-Lan Hsu, Chia-En Hsieh, Kuo-Hua Lin, Chen-Te Chou, Ping-Yi Lin, Su-Han Wang, Yao-Li Chen
Here, we present 2 patients who developed central pontine myelinolysis after living-donor liver transplant. Both patients had abnormal sodium level before living-donor liver transplant. Patient 1 presented with severe hyponatremia on admission. After administration of 3% saline, her sodium level during the first 24 hours was kept at 100 mEq/L and then increased to 116 mEq/L during the next 24 hours. The level increased 5.8 mEq/L during the 4- to 5-hour transplant procedure. Patient 2 was admitted to the hospital with an unprovoked seizure...
November 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#4
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132247/management-of-a-rare-case-with-severe-hydrofluoric-acid-burns-important-roles-of-neutralizers-and-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#5
Yuanhai Zhang, Xingang Wang, Yuezhen Liu, Xinhua Jiang, Chunjiang Ye, Liangfang Ni, Liping Zhang, Jianfen Zhang, Bin Xu, Chunmao Han
Hydrofluoric acid (HF), a dangerous inorganic acid, is widely used in various industries and in daily life. Chemical burns caused by HF exposure occur more frequently in some regions worldwide. It has been reported that some cases with HF burns can be lethal due to the hypertoxicity of HF. In this article, we present a case of a 24-year-old worker who suffered HF burns by 53% HF solution to his face, neck, and nasal cavity. This patient quickly developed electrolyte disturbance, that is, hypocalcemia, and hypopotassemia, and myocardial injury after exposure...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130223/-metabolic-changes-in-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-and-the-nutritional-support-therapy
#6
Guohao Wu
Patients with short bowel syndrome suffer from fluid and electrolyte imbalance and malabsorption due to poor nutrient processing capability of the residual intestine. Nutritional support therapy has been considered as one of the important treatments for short bowel syndrome. For patients with short bowel syndrome, a deep understanding of metabolic changes, and then rational application of nutritional support therapy and intestinal rehabilitation program can save many patients' lives, improve quality of life, and even achieve independence from parenteral nutrition, and return to a normal life...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129646/extracellular-volume-depletion-and-resultant-hypotonic-hyponatremia-a-novel-translational-approach
#7
Philip J G M Voets, Roderick P P W M Maas
Although several methods currently exist to determine that a person is hypovolemic, it often remains very challenging to accurately estimate the effective circulating volume or amount of intravascular volume depletion in a non-controlled setting. This depletion of intravascular volume can have many causes and is frequently accompanied by hypotonic hyponatremia as a result of hypovolemia-induced release of arginine vasopressin (AVP) from the posterior pituitary gland. Here, we derive a novel, comprehensible equation that provides a theoretical insight into the complex interrelationship between the degree of isotonic volume depletion and the resultant change in plasma sodium concentration...
November 9, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124059/evaluation-of-three-hydration-strategies-in-detection-dogs-working-in-a-hot-environment
#8
Cynthia M Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L Nord, Shannon M Palermo, Kathleen M Kelsey, Tracy A Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman
Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W), oral electrolyte solutions (OESs), and administration of subcutaneous fluids (SQs). None of these methods have been compared for safety or efficacy in a working environment. In a cross-over design, seven vehicle-screening canines were randomly assigned to each of the three hydration strategies during working shifts at the Sarita, TX checkpoint...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123653/chloride-in-intensive-care-units-a-key-electrolyte
#9
REVIEW
Ghassan Bandak, Kianoush B Kashani
Over the past few years, chloride has joined the league of essential electrolytes for critically ill patients. Dyschloremia can occur secondary to various etiologic factors before and during patient admission in the intensive care unit. Some cases are disease-related; others, treatment-related. Chloride abnormalities were shown in animal models to have adverse effects on arterial blood pressure, renal blood flow, and inflammatory markers, which have led to several clinical investigations. Hyperchloremia was studied in several settings and correlated to different outcomes, including death and acute kidney injury...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121319/should-we-use-hypotonic-or-isotonic-maintenance-intravenous-fluids-in-sick-patients-why-a-study-in-healthy-volunteers-will-not-provide-the-answer-response-to-effect-of-isotonic-versus-hypotonic-maintenance-fluid-therapy-on-urine-output-fluid-balance-and-electrolyte
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120672/an-electrostatic-and-probabilistic-simulation-model-to-describe-neurosecretion-at-the-synaptic-scale
#11
A E Macias-Medri, Jacinto A Liendo, Ricardo J Silva
A hybrid simulation model (macro-molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo method) is proposed to reproduce neurosecretion and exocytosis. A theory has been developed for vesicular dynamics based on quasi-static electric interactions and a simple transition-state model for the vesicular fusion. Under the non-equilibrium electric conditions in an electrolytic fluid, it is considered that the motion of each synaptic vesicle is influenced by electrostatic forces exerted by the membranes of the synaptic bouton, other vesicles, the intracellular and intravesicular fluids, and external elements to the neuron...
November 9, 2017: Network: Computation in Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119469/learning-to-prescribe-intravenous-fluids-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Richard F R McCrory, Gerard Joseph Gormley, Alexander Peter Maxwell, Tim Dornan
INTRODUCTION: Prescribing intravenous (IV) fluid therapy is a core skill expected of qualified doctors at the point of graduation, but medical graduates often feel ill-equipped to perform this task. This lack of preparedness contributes to treatment-related patient harm. This scoping review maps the current state of published evidence about how junior doctors prescribe IV fluid therapy and learn how to do it. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases and grey literature from 1994 until June 2016 for articles describing any aspect of IV fluid prescribing practice or its education...
November 8, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118841/management-of-severe-dehydration
#13
Stephanie Ruth Strachan, Lucy Francesca Morris
The presented case is one of severe dehydration and acute kidney injury with significant resultant complications that required considerable fluid and electrolyte replacement. Approaches to fluid resuscitation in the context of hypernatraemia and the hyperosmolar state were considered and then judiciously combined to manage a complex case with a successful outcome. Conflicting guidance in this domain is discussed with recommendations for a future management strategy that is tailored to individual patients.
August 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117755/contribution-of-oxidative-stress-in-acute-intestinal-mucositis-induced-by-5-fluorouracil-5-fu-and-its-pro-drug-capecitabine-in-rats
#14
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Mohamed Amri, Hichem Sebai, Lamjed Marzouki
This study was designed to examine the contribution of oxidative stress in gastrointestinal disorders after an intraperitoneal administration of 5-FU (100mg/kg b.w.) and capecitabine oral administration (500mg/kg b.w.). The animals were divided into three groups: Group A (NaCl, 10ml/kg b.w.) considered as control group, group B was intoxicated by 5-FU and the group of animals (group C) treated with capecitabine (CAP). To evaluate the secretory and enteropooling effects, we were used as a hypersecretion agent (MgSO4, 1ml/100g b...
November 8, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114956/quality-control-of-compounded-crystalloid-fluids-for-intravenous-delivery-to-horses
#15
C B Magnusson, K P Poulsen, J A Budde, F A Hartmann, N A Aulik, S M Raabis, A S D Moreira, B J Darien, S F Peek
BACKGROUND: Periodic lack of availability and high cost of commercially produced isotonic fluids for intravenous (IV) use in horses have increasingly led to use of home-made or commercially compound fluids by veterinarians. Data regarding the quality control and safety of compounded fluids would be of benefit to equine veterinarians. OBJECTIVES: To compare electrolyte concentrations, sterility, and endotoxin contamination of commercially available fluids to 2 forms of compounded isotonic crystalloid fluids intended for IV use in horses...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114279/comparison-between-ventriculosubgaleal-shunt-and-extraventricular-drainage-to-treat-acute-hydrocephalus-in-adults
#16
Low Siaw Nee, Rahmat Harun, Pulivendhan Sellamuthu, Zamzuri Idris
Context: Hydrocephalus, due to subarachnoid or intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), meningitis, or tumor compression, is usually transient and may resolve after treatment. There are several temporary methods of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion, none of it is superior to the other, and the decision is based on its various etiologies and factors. Ventriculosubgaleal shunt (VSGS) is one of those temporary measures, which is a simple and rapid CSF decompression method without causing electrolyte and nutritional losses...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114148/the-enzymes-and-electrolytes-profiles-in-hydatid-cyst-fluid-of-naturally-infected-iranian-domestic-ruminants
#17
Mohammad Yakhchali, Siamak Asri-Rezaie, Saeid Samimirad, Hadi Rezaie
Cystic echinoccoccosis is a zoonotic and prevalent disease which causes health problems and economic looses worldwide. The biochemical components of hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) have important role in metabolism and growth of unilocular hydatid cyst. The aim of the current study was to determine HCF level of enzymes and electrolytes profiles in naturally infected Iranian domestic ruminants. The livers and lungs infected with hydatid cysts were collected and HCF was aspirated from a total of 100 cysts obtained from livers (50 cysts) and lungs (50 cysts) of slaughtered domestic ruminants...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111613/management-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-infected-children-a-multi-national-multi-specialty-survey
#18
Stephen B Freedman, Silviu Grisaru, Jianling Xie, Susan Samuel, Andrew Dixon, Amy C Plint, David Schnadower
AIM: Research has highlighted the potential role that hydration status may play in predicting outcomes in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)-infected children. Because little is known about the management of STEC-infected children in the pre-haemolytic uremic syndrome phase, we compared paediatric emergency medicine and nephrologist-stated management approaches to STEC-infected children. METHODS: Members of the Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC; n = 228), the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Collaborative Research Committee (PEM CRC; n = 221) and the Canadian Association of Pediatric Nephrologists (CAPN; n = 66) were surveyed...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111542/a-call-to-action-to-develop-integrated-curricula-in-cardiorenal-medicine
#19
Claudio Ronco, Federico Ronco, Peter A McCullough
With the adoption of the new definition and classification of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) and its relevant subtypes, much attention has been placed on elucidating the mechanisms of heart and kidney interactions. The pathophysiologic pathways are of great interest by which acute heart failure may result in acute kidney injury (AKI; type 1), chronic heart failure accelerates the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD; type 2), AKI provokes cardiac events (type 3), and CKD increases the risk and severity of cardiovascular disease (type 4)...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104523/ultrathin-graphene-protein-supercapacitors-for-miniaturized-bioelectronics
#20
Islam M Mosa, Ajith Pattammattel, Karteek Kadimisetty, Paritosh Pande, Maher F El-Kady, Gregory W Bishop, Marc Novak, Richard B Kaner, Ashis K Basu, Challa V Kumar, James F Rusling
Nearly all implantable bioelectronics are powered by bulky batteries which limit device miniaturization and lifespan. Moreover, batteries contain toxic materials and electrolytes that can be dangerous if leakage occurs. Herein, an approach to fabricate implantable protein-based bioelectrochemical capacitors (bECs) employing new nanocomposite heterostructures in which 2D reduced graphene oxide sheets are interlayered with chemically modified mammalian proteins, while utilizing biological fluids as electrolytes is described...
September 6, 2017: Advanced Energy Materials
keyword
keyword
51070
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"