keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fluid and electrolytes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527586/gastrointestinal-bowel-obstruction-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-u-s-nationwide-analysis-of-3-998-667-hospitalizations
#1
Kavelin Rumalla, Ashwath S Kumar, Manoj K Mittal
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is worsened by poststroke medical complications. The incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of gastrointestinal bowel obstruction (GIBO) in AIS are not known. METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011) to identify all patients with a primary diagnosis of AIS and subsets with and without a secondary diagnosis of GIBO without hernia. Multivariable analysis was utilized to identify risk factors for GIBO in AIS patients and the association between GIBO, in-hospital complications, and outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520883/effect-of-isotonic-versus-hypotonic-maintenance-fluid-therapy-on-urine-output-fluid-balance-and-electrolyte-homeostasis-a-crossover-study-in-fasting-adult-volunteers
#2
N Van Regenmortel, T De Weerdt, A H Van Craenenbroeck, E Roelant, W Verbrugghe, K Dams, M L N G Malbrain, T Van den Wyngaert, P G Jorens
Background.: Daily and globally, millions of adult hospitalized patients are exposed to maintenance i.v. fluid solutions supported by limited scientific evidence. In particular, it remains unclear whether fluid tonicity contributes to the recently established detrimental effects of fluid, sodium, and chloride overload. Methods.: This crossover study consisted of two 48 h study periods, during which 12 fasting healthy adults were treated with a frequently prescribed solution (NaCl 0...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515029/tolvaptan-utilization-in-children-with-chronic-hyponatremia-due-to-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-siadh-three-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Gerdi Tuli, Daniele Tessaris, Luisa De Sanctis, Patrizia Matarazzo
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder among hospitalized patients and it is sometimes considered as a poor outcome predictor. Its correction is thus indicated, even in asymptomatic patients. The conventional treatment is represented by fluid restriction in presence of euvolemia or hypervolemia; whereas loop diuretics are used in some hypervolemic conditions (cardiac heart failure, liver cirrhosis and nephrotic syndrome) and intravenous isotonic or hypertonic solution are administered in hypovolemic conditions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514645/oleanolic-acid-modulates-the-renin-angiotensin-system-and-cardiac-natriuretic-hormone-concomitantly-with-volume-and-pressure-balance-in-rats
#4
You Mee Ahn, Yoon Hee Choi, Jung Joo Yoon, Yun Jung Lee, Kyung Woo Cho, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
Oleanolic acid is known to possess beneficial effects on the regulation of the cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the exact nature of the role of oleanolic acid on the regulation of body fluid balance and blood pressure homeostasis and its mechanisms involved are not well defined. Experiments were performed to identify the effects of oleanolic acid on the renin-angiotensin system and cardiac natriuretic hormone (ANP) system, and also renal function and blood pressure in normotensive and renovascular hypertensive rats...
May 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502540/trends-and-outcomes-in-endovascular-and-open-surgical-treatment-of-visceral-aneurysms
#5
Jason A Chin, Adele Heib, Cassius I Ochoa Chaar, Jonathan A Cardella, Kristine C Orion, Timur P Sarac
OBJECTIVE: Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) are rare but often repaired because of dire consequences of rupture. This is a population-based evaluation of chronologic trends in management, risk factors, and outcomes of endovascular and open therapy. METHODS: The 2003 to 2013 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was reviewed. Cases with primary diagnosis of VAA and undergoing endovascular or open repair were identified...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501489/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-compared-with-0-9-nacl-administered-to-greyhounds-with-haemorrhagic-shock
#6
Duana McBride, Anthea L Raisis, Giselle Hosgood, Lisa Smart
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular and acid-base effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) administered to anaesthetized greyhounds with haemorrhagic shock. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental, complete randomized block design. ANIMALS: Twelve healthy adult greyhounds. METHODS: After 60 minutes of isoflurane anaesthesia, 48 mL kg(-1) of blood was removed to induce hypotension...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497827/a-dsdna-model-optimized-for-electrokinetic-applications
#7
Tobias Rau, Florian Weik, Christian Holm
We present a coarse-grained (CG) model of a charged double-stranded DNA immersed in an electrolyte solution that can be used for a variety of electrokinetic applications. The model is based on an earlier rigid and immobile model of Weik et al. and includes now semi-flexibility and mobility, so that DNA dynamics can be sufficiently captured to simulate a full nanopore translocation process. To this end we couple the DNA hydrodynamically via a raspberry approach to a lattice-Boltzmann fluid and parametrize the counterions with a distant dependent friction...
May 12, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492352/the-physiological-incubation-biosimulator-pibs-an-improved-ex-vivo-experimental-setup-for-the-mechanical-stability-of-biological-sealants-in-surgical-procedures
#8
Philipp Höhn, Marie Buchholz, Britta Majchrzak, Waldemar Uhl, Chris Braumann, Ansgar M Chromik
BACKGROUND: Tissue-bound fibrin sealants are used in a wide array of surgical procedures. The microenvironmental interaction between sealant and application site is often poorly evaluated due to a lack of suitable experimental models. METHODS: A physiological incubation biosimulator (PIBS) was developed to test biological sealants in an ex vivo setup under physiological conditions comparable to the microenvironment at application site (temperature, humidity, pressure)...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490153/prevention-of-complications-in-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy
#9
REVIEW
Tae-Young Jung, Sangjoon Chong, In-Young Kim, Ji Yeoun Lee, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim, Jae-Hyoo Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang
A variety of complications in endoscopic third ventriculostomy have been reported, including neurovascular injury, hemodynamic alterations, endocrinologic abnormalities, electrolyte imbalances, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, fever and infection. Even though most complications are transient, the overall rate of permanent morbidity is 2.38% and the overall mortality rate is 0.28%. To avoid these serious complications, we should keep in mind potential complications and how to prevent them. Proper decisions with regard to surgical indication, choice of endoscopic entry and trajectory, careful endoscopic procedures with anatomic orientation, bleeding control and tight closure are emphasized for the prevention of complications...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487864/non-dialytic-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-newborns
#10
REVIEW
Vishal Pandey, Deepak Kumar, Prashant Vijayaraghavan, Tushar Chaturvedi, Rupesh Raina
Treating acute kidney injury (AKI) in newborns is often challenging due to the functional immaturity of the neonatal kidney. Because of this physiological limitation, renal replacement therapy (RRT) in this particular patient population is difficult to execute and may lead to unwanted complications. Although fluid overload and electrolyte abnormalities, as seen in neonatal AKI, are indications for RRT initiation, there is limited evidence that RRT initiated in the first year of life improves long-term outcome...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483560/the-influence-of-a-12-carbohydrate-electrolyte-beverage-on-self-paced-soccer-specific-exercise-performance
#11
Liam D Harper, Emma J Stevenson, Ian Rollo, Mark Russell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the physiological and performance effects of a 12% carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage consumed at practically applicable time-points (i.e., before each half) throughout simulated soccer match-play. DESIGN: Randomised, counterbalanced, crossover. METHODS: Fed players (n=15) performed 90-min of soccer-specific exercise (including self-paced exercise at the end of each half). Players consumed carbohydrate-electrolyte (CHO; 60g×500ml(-1), Na(+) 205mg×500ml(-1)), placebo-electrolyte (PL) or water (Wat) beverages at the end of the warm-up (250ml) and half-time (250ml plus ad-libitum water)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483328/clinical-classification-of-adult-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-failure-due-to-benign-disease-an-international-multicenter-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Loris Pironi, Denise Konrad, Chrisoffer Brandt, Francisca Joly, Geert Wanten, Federica Agostini, Cecile Chambrier, Umberto Aimasso, Sarah Zeraschi, Darlene Kelly, Kinga Szczepanek, Amelia Jukes, Simona Di Caro, Miriam Theilla, Marek Kunecki, Joanne Daniels, Mireille Serlie, Florian Poullenot, Jian Wu, Sheldon C Cooper, Henrik H Rasmussen, Charlene Compher, David Seguy, Adriana Crivelli, Maria C Pagano, Sarah-Jane Hughes, Francesco W Guglielmi, Nada Rotovnik Kozjek, Stéphane M Schneider, Lyn Gillanders, Lars Ellegard, Ronan Thibault, Przemysław Matras, Anna Zmarzly, Konrad Matysiak, Andrè Van Gossum, Alastair Forbes, Nicola Wyer, Marina Taus, Nuria M Virgili, Margie O'Callaghan, Brooke Chapman, Emma Osland, Cristina Cuerda, Peter Sahin, Lynn Jones, Andre D W Lee, Valentino Bertasi, Paolo Orlandoni, Ferenc Izbéki, Corrado Spaggiari, Marta Bueno Díez, Maryana Doitchinova-Simeonova, Carmen Garde, Aurora E Serralde-Zúñiga, Gabriel Olveira, Zeljko Krznaric, Laszlo Czako, Gintautas Kekstas, Alejandro Sanz-Paris, Estrella Petrina Jáuregui, Ana Zugasti Murillo, Eszter Schafer, Jann Arends, José P Suárez-Llanos, Jon Shaffer, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the applicability of the ESPEN 16-category clinical classification of chronic intestinal failure, based on patients' intravenous supplementation (IVS) requirements for energy and fluids, and to evaluate factors associated with those requirements. METHODS: ESPEN members were invited to participate through ESPEN Council representatives. Participating centers enrolled adult patients requiring home parenteral nutrition for chronic intestinal failure on March 1st 2015...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481229/parenteral-nutrition-and-intestinal-failure
#13
REVIEW
Barbara Bielawska, Johane P Allard
Severe short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a major cause of chronic (Type 3) intestinal failure (IF) where structural and functional changes contribute to malabsorption and risk of micronutrient deficiencies. Chronic IF may be reversible, depending on anatomy and intestinal adaptation, but most patients require long-term nutritional support, generally in the form of parenteral nutrition (PN). SBS management begins with dietary changes and pharmacologic therapies taking into account individual anatomy and physiology, but these are rarely sufficient to avoid PN...
May 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478883/current-issues-in-fluid-and-electrolyte-management
#14
EDITORIAL
Joshua Squiers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476706/management-of-antibiotic-associated-pseudomembranous-colitis-in-non-hospitalized-and-hospitalized-patients
#15
Chun-Feng Tian, Bai-Yu Su, Yu-Juan Li, Yu-Hong Tong, Xu-Hong Zhao, Jian-Ying Liang, Shun-Bao Li, Bu-Lang Gao
Proper management of antibiotic-associated pseudo membranous colitis is not clear. This article is to investigate proper treatment of antibiotic-associated pseudo membranous colitis. Data of 67 patients (aged 18-69 years, with 31 males and 46 females) with antibiotic-associated pseudo membranous colitis were retrospectively analyzed including the demography, antibiotics to induce and for treatment of the pseudo membranous colitis, and other supportive measures. All 67 patients had a positive cytotoxin test, which confirmed the pseudo membranous colitis...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473256/malnutrition-among-hospitalized-children-in-the-united-states-changing-prevalence-clinical-correlates-and-practice-patterns-between-2002-and-2011
#16
Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Jason L Salemi, Molly R Wong-Vega, Kiara K Spooner, Marisa D Juarez, Stacey S Beer, Nicki L Canada
BACKGROUND: Pediatric malnutrition has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes, longer lengths of stay, and higher health care costs. OBJECTIVE: To characterize prevalence, temporal trends, and short-term clinical outcomes of coded diagnoses of pediatric malnutrition (CDM) across sociodemographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics from 2002 to 2011. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and the Kids' Inpatient Database...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473024/-prehospital-arterial-blood-gas-analysis-after-collapse-connected-to-triathlon-participation
#17
Asbjørn Ettrup-Christensen, Louise Amstrup-Hansen, Stine T Zwisler
Long-distance athletes are at risk of serious fluid and electrolyte disturbances, such as hypernatraemia (dehydration). Recently, cases of serious morbidity have been reported, due to acute exercise-associated hyponatraemia, which can advance to encephalopathy. An arterial blood gas analysis (ABG) was drawn from collapsed athletes at the championship of full-distance triathlon 2015, and different electrolyte imbalances were found. Our findings show that prehospital ABG can assist in differentiating the cause of collapse, and presumably, targeted treatment can be initiated already on scene...
May 1, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469455/perioperative-care-of-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Naeem Abbas, Jasbir Makker, Hafsa Abbas, Bhavna Balar
The incidence of cirrhosis is rising, and identification of these patients prior to undergoing any surgical procedure is crucial. The preoperative risk stratification using validated scores, such as Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease, perioperative optimization of hemodynamics and metabolic derangements, and postoperative monitoring to minimize the risk of hepatic decompensation and complications are essential components of medical management. The advanced stage of cirrhosis, emergency surgery, open surgeries, old age, and coexistence of medical comorbidities are main factors influencing the clinical outcome of these patients...
2017: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461696/a-relationship-between-the-aldosterone-mineralocorticoid-receptor-pathway-and-alcohol-drinking-preliminary-translational-findings-across-rats-monkeys-and-humans
#19
E G Aoun, V A Jimenez, L F Vendruscolo, N A R Walter, E Barbier, A Ferrulli, C L Haass-Koffler, P Darakjian, M R Lee, G Addolorato, M Heilig, R Hitzemann, G F Koob, K A Grant, L Leggio
Aldosterone regulates electrolyte and fluid homeostasis through binding to the mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs). Previous work provides evidence for a role of aldosterone in alcohol use disorders (AUDs). We tested the hypothesis that high functional activity of the mineralocorticoid endocrine pathway contributes to vulnerability for AUDs. In Study 1, we investigated the relationship between plasma aldosterone levels, ethanol self-administration and the expression of CYP11B2 and MR (NR3C2) genes in the prefrontal cortex area (PFC) and central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) in monkeys...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458891/severe-symptomatic-hyponatremia-associated-with-the-use-of-polyethylene-glycol-based-bowel-preparation
#20
Navira Samad, Ian Fraser
SUMMARY: Colonoscopy is a useful tool in modern medicine and is increasingly employed for both diagnostic and treatment reasons. However, its effectiveness is highly reliant on the quality of bowel cleansing. Among different bowel-cleansing agents available, PEG (polyethylene glycol) is considered to be the safest cleansing agent, especially in relation to fluid and electrolyte problems. We present here a case of severe symptomatic hyponatremia that developed after the use of PEG for an elective colonoscopy...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
keyword
keyword
51070
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"