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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785625/exploring-the-association-between-electronic-health-record-use-and-burnout-among-psychiatry-residents-and-faculty-a-pilot-survey-study
#1
Nicholas M Domaney, John Torous, William E Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a phenomenon with profound negative effects on the US healthcare system. Little is known about the relationship between time spent working on electronic health record (EHR) and burnout among psychiatry residents. The purpose of this study is to generate preliminary data on EHR use and burnout among psychiatry residents and faculty. METHODS: In August 2017, psychiatry residents and faculty at an academic medical center were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a standardized measurement tool for burnout, and a survey of factors related to EHR use and potential risk factors for burnout...
May 21, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782141/in-situ-assembly-of-well-dispersed-ag-nanoparticles-throughout-electrospun-alginate-nanofibers-for-monitoring-human-breath-smart-fabrics
#2
Jun Zhang, Xiao-Xiong Wang, Bin Zhang, Seeram Ramakrishna, Miao Yu, Jian-Wei Ma, Yun-Ze Long
Alginate nanofibers assembled with sliver nanoparticles throughout the whole nanofiber were fabricated by three steps including electrospinning of Na-alginate nanofibers, ion exchange between the sodium and silver ions, and in situ reduction of silver nanoparticles. The content, distribution and size of the nanoparticles are controllable by tuning reaction conditions. Ag/alginate nanofibers exhibit good humidity sensitivity in a wide humidity range from ambient RH (20%) to 85% RH. Interestingly, these humidity sensors can be attached to a 3M-9001V mask for monitoring human breath during exercise and emotion changes, and this smart exhibits accurate and continuous human-breath tracking no matter how fast or slow as well as how deep or shallow...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781380/finally-a-regimen-to-extend-human-life-expectancy
#4
James Larrick, Andrew R Mendelsohn
The US has the most expensive healthcare system worldwide. Yet measures of healthspan and life expectancy are well below the major industrialized nations. With the US population aged 65 and older projected to double by mid-century a healthcare crisis is looming. Within this context huge interest and investment has emerged in technologies and drugs to address aging with an expected benefit to healthspan. The thesis being that such basic interventions will reduce morbidity caused by many chronic diseases where biological age itself is the major risk factor...
May 21, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#5
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780978/i-ll-be-back-on-the-multiple-lives-of-users-of-a-mobile-activity-tracking-application
#6
Zhiyuan Lin, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications that track activities, such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. While these activity tracking applications have the potential to improve our health, user engagement and retention are critical factors for their success. However, long-term user engagement patterns in real-world activity tracking applications are not yet well understood. Here we study user engagement patterns within a mobile physical activity tracking application consisting of 115 million logged activities taken by over a million users over 31 months...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#7
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779818/fighting-obesity-non-pharmacological-interventions
#8
María Fernanda Higuera-Hernández, Elena Reyes-Cuapio, Marissa Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, André Barciela Veras, Henning Budde, Johanna Jesse, Jaime Zaldívar-Rae, Carlos Blanco-Centurión, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768343/potential-common-factors-associated-with-predisposition-to-common-cold-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Michi Shibata, Taizo Iwane, Ryoko Higuchi, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
People worldwide frequently catch a common cold, which occasionally develops into secondary severe conditions such as pneumonia. However, it is unclear whether predisposition to the common cold is associated with the individual's characteristics including age, body weight, lifestyles, diets, and intestinal functions, besides exposure to a responsible pathogen. We addressed this issue epidemiologically considering many relevant clinical factors.We reviewed data from a cross-sectional study consisting of 39,524 apparently healthy Japanese aged 40 to 79 years (26,975 men and 12,549 women) who underwent a checkup in 2007...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766257/the-impact-of-exercise-on-sleep-time-quality-and-disturbance-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Sean G McKenna, Alan E Donnelly, Bente A Esbensen, Alexander D Fraser, Norelee M Kennedy
Poor sleep is an issue for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which may curtail their ability to function appropriately and reduce their activity levels. This paper describes a protocol for a pilot randomised controlled trial of an aerobic exercise intervention compared with exercise advice designed to improve sleep in people with RA. Objectives are to obtain reliable estimates regarding recruitment rates, participant retention and protocol adherence and to generate potential effect size estimates for a main trial...
May 15, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764464/daytime-and-nighttime-casein-supplements-similarly-increase-muscle-size-and-strength-in-response-to-resistance-training-earlier-in-the-day-a-preliminary-investigation
#11
Jordan M Joy, Roxanne M Vogel, K Shane Broughton, Urszula Kudla, Nathaniel Y Kerr, Jason M Davison, Robert E C Wildman, Nancy M DiMarco
BACKGROUND: Casein protein consumed before sleep has been suggested to offer an overnight supply of exogenous amino acids for anabolic processes. The purpose of this study was to compare supplemental casein consumed earlier in the day (DayTime, DT) versus shortly before bed (NightTime, NT) on body composition, strength, and muscle hypertrophy in response to supervised resistance training. METHODS: Thirteen males participated in a 10-week exercise and dietary intervention while receiving 35 g casein daily...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763454/multivariate-classification-of-brugada-syndrome-patients-based-on-autonomic-response-to-exercise-testing
#12
Mireia Calvo, Daniel Romero, Virginie Le Rolle, Nathalie Béhar, Pedro Gomis, Philippe Mabo, Alfredo I Hernández
Ventricular arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome (BS) typically occur at rest and especially during sleep, suggesting that changes in the autonomic modulation may play an important role in arrhythmogenesis. The autonomic response to exercise and subsequent recovery was evaluated on 105 patients diagnosed with BS (twenty-four were symptomatic), by means of a time-frequency heart rate variability (HRV) analysis, so as to propose a novel predictive model capable of distinguishing symptomatic and asymptomatic BS populations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761962/-study-on-regurgitation-using-the-coupling-model-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-cardiovascular-system
#13
Fangqun Wang, Zhenhai Wu, Teng Jing, Qing Xu, Jinhao Yao, Jinghua Ji
Regurgitation is an abnormal condition happens when left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) operated at a low speed, which causes LVAD to fail to assist natural blood-pumping by heart and thus affects patients' health. According to the degree of regurgitation, three LVAD's regurgitation states were identified in this paper: no regurgitation, slight regurgitation and severe regurgitation. Regurgitation index ( RI ), which is presented based on the theory of dynamic closed cavity, is used to grade the regurgitation of LVAD...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761094/2017-dutch-report-card-results-from-the-first-physical-activity-report-card-plus-for-dutch-youth-with-a-chronic-disease-or-disability
#14
Marcella Burghard, Nynke B de Jong, Selina Vlieger, Tim Takken
Background: The Dutch Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Report Card+ (RC+ ) consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for youth (< 18 years) with a chronic disease or disability. The aim of this article is to summarize the results of the Dutch RC+ . Methods: Nine indicators were graded using the AHK Global Alliance RC development process, which includes a synthesis of best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759629/circadian-variation-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia
#15
Christina Y Miyake, S Yukiko Asaki, Gregory Webster, Richard J Czosek, Joseph Atallah, Kishor Avasarala, Sri O Rao, Patricia E Thomas, Jeffrey J Kim, Santiago O Valdes, Caridad de la Uz, Yunfei Wang, Xander H T Wehrens, Dominic Abrams
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to investigate whether ventricular arrhythmias in children with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) show circadian patterns. BACKGROUND: Circadian arrhythmic patterns have been established in long QT, Brugada, and early repolarization, but have not been investigated in CPVT. METHODS: This is a multicenter, retrospective review of pediatric CPVT patients, age <21 years at diagnosis...
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759127/fibromyalgia-in-primary-care
#16
REVIEW
Jay B Higgs
Fibromyalgia is a common disorder and has substantial impact on quality of life. The cause remains unknown, but current evidence points to multifactorial involvement of pain processing. Clinical diagnosis is aided by evidence-based diagnostic criteria with subscores for widespread pain and symptom severity. Nonpharmacologic treatments, including cognitive behavioral therapy, sleep hygiene, and regular aerobic exercise, form the cornerstone of management. Pharmacologic intervention is an important adjunct, but benefit is variable...
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747048/a-randomized-trial-examining-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-depression-the-healthy-mom-trial
#17
Beth A Lewis, Katie Schuver, Shira Duniger, Lauren Samson, Amanda L Frayeh, Carrie A Terrell, Joe T Ciccolo, Melissa D Avery
Approximately 13-19% of women experience postpartum depression and approximately one-third of women who have a history of depression develop depression during the postpartum phase. Exercise is an efficacious intervention for depression among adults; however, few studies have examined the effect of exercise on postpartum depression. The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of exercise and wellness interventions on preventing postpartum depression among women at risk...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746402/update-in-therapeutic-strategies-for-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Jaime Kulisevsky, Lais Oliveira, Susan H Fox
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent advances in therapeutics for motor and nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Neuroprotection remains a large area of investigation with preliminary safety data on alpha synuclein immunotherapy and glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists. Novel Monoamine Oxidase B and Caetchol-O-methyltransferase-inhibitors for motor fluctuations have shown benefit and are recently approved for clinical use. Long-acting amantadine has also been approved to reduce dyskinesia...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745325/life-style-and-peptic-ulcer-disease
#19
Berrak C Yegen
The risk of developing peptic ulcer disease (PUD) was shown to be associated with genetic inheritance, life-style and social status of the patients. Unhealthy lifestyle habits and failure in coping with stress have been closely associated with the occurrence of PUD. In contrary, limiting the use of analgesic drugs and glucocorticoids, controlling environmental and socioeconomic factors that predispose to H. Pylori infection, having a balanced diet, exercising regularly, coping successfully with stress, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol intake and getting sufficient night sleep are essential in prevention and healing of PUD...
May 9, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744684/biochemical-markers-of-cardiac-dysfunction-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-osa
#20
Daniel Hirsch, Carla A Evans, Melanie Wong, Rita Machaalani, Karen A Waters
OBJECTIVES: We explored relationships between biochemical markers and cardiac responses of children with and without obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) during exercise. We hypothesised that serum markers of sympathetic nervous system activity and low-grade inflammation would correlate with cardiac responses to exercise in children with or without OSA. METHODOLOGY: The study included 40 of 71 children with previously characterised responses to cardiopulmonary exercise testing...
May 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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