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Sleep and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#1
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#2
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718987/the-impact-of-exercise-on-sleep-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Ravi Reddy, Joseph El Youssef, Kerri Winters-Stone, Deborah Branigan, Joseph Leitschuh, Jessica Castle, Peter G Jacobs
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the impact of exercise on sleep and nocturnal hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In a 3-week crossover trial, 10 adults with T1D were randomized to perform aerobic, resistance or no exercise. During each exercise week, participants completed two separate 45-minute exercise sessions at an academic medical center. Participants returned home and wore a continuous glucose monitor and a wrist based activity monitor to estimate sleep duration. Participants on average lost 70 (±49) minutes of sleep (p = 0...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716796/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-progressive-exercise-compared-with-best-practice-advice-with-or-without-corticosteroid-injection-for-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-disorders-protocol-for-a-2x2-factorial-randomised-controlled-trial-the-grasp-trial
#4
Sally Hopewell, David J Keene, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Melina Dritsaki, Susan Dutton, Andrew Carr, William Hamilton, Zara Hansen, Anju Jaggi, Chris Littlewood, Hessam Soutakbar, Peter Heine, Lucy Cureton, Karen Barker, Sarah E Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain is very common, with around 70% of cases due to disorders of the rotator cuff. Despite widespread provision of physiotherapy, there is uncertainty about which type of exercise and delivery mechanisms are associated with best outcomes. There is also uncertainty around the long-term benefits and harms of corticosteroid injection therapy, which is often used in addition to physiotherapy. The Getting it Right: Addressing Shoulder Pain trial will assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of individually tailored, progressive exercise compared with best practice advice, with or without corticosteroid injection, in adults with a rotator cuff disorder...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709517/continuity-of-sleep-problems-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of evidence on incidence and continuity of sleep problems from adolescence to young adulthood, this study explores sleep problems' incidence and their continuation rates from 14 to 21 years. METHODS: Sleep data from the 14-year (n = 4,924) and 21-year (n = 3660) follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort were used. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological conditions were explored for their role in sleep problems...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702218/effects-of-a-parallel-arm-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-pilot-study-on-biological-and-psychosocial-parameters-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Andrea Y Arikawa, Beth C Kaufman, Susan K Raatz, Mindy S Kurzer
BACKGROUND: Weight gain often occurs after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and obesity along with sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk of BC recurrence and mortality. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a significant weight loss, of approximately 10%, would lead to beneficial changes in biomarkers associated with cancer and/or cancer recurrence, and quality of life (QOL) in overweight and obese BC survivors. METHODS: This parallel-arm study took place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, from January 2009 until March 2010...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695685/diet-quality-and-sleep-quality-among-day-and-night-shift-nurses
#7
Deborah Beebe, Jen Jen Chang, Kathleen Kress, Mildred Mattfeldt-Beman
AIMS: To determine whether night shift workers have a poorer diet quality and sleep quality when compared with day shift nurses. BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research investigating the association between diet quality and sleep quality of day and night shift nurses. METHODS: Data on nurses (n = 103) working either a day or night shift from two Midwestern hospitals were obtained from August 2015 to February 2016. The instruments used were the Diet History Questionnaire and the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695445/parental-and-child-factors-associated-with-under-estimation-of-children-with-excess-weight-in-spain
#8
Ingrid de Ruiter, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jiménez-Moleón
Objective Understanding obesity misperception and associated factors can improve strategies to increase obesity identification and intervention. We investigate underestimation of child excess weight with a broader perspective, incorporating perceptions, views, and psychosocial aspects associated with obesity. Methods This study used cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey in 2011-2012 for children aged 2-14 years who are overweight or obese. Percentages of parental misperceived excess weight were calculated...
July 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693969/the-influence-of-physical-activity-in-water-on-sleep-quality-in-pregnant-women-a-randomised-trial
#9
R Rodriguez-Blanque, J C Sánchez-García, A M Sánchez-López, N Mur-Villar, M J Aguilar-Cordero
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is a physiological state of self-regulation. The international classification of sleep disorders now includes as a new category those occurring during pregnancy. Regular physical activity is known to improve the quality of life, one aspect of which is sleep quality. During pregnancy, physical activity is decreased but should not be eliminated, as studies have reported a high correlation between sleep disorders and the absence of physical activity. Regular physical exercise during pregnancy, whether performed in water or out of it, provides greater control of gestational weight gain...
July 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685641/sleep-disturbances-and-severe-stress-as-glial-activators-key-targets-for-treating-central-sensitization-in-chronic-pain-patients
#10
Jo Nijs, Marco L Loggia, Andrea Polli, Maarten Moens, Eva Huysmans, Lisa Goudman, Mira Meeus, Luc Vanderweeën, Kelly Ickmans, Daniel Clauw
The mechanism of sensitization of the central nervous system partly explains the chronic pain experience in many patients, but the etiological mechanisms of this central nervous system dysfunction are poorly understood. Recently, an increasing number of studies suggest that aberrant glial activation takes part in the establishment and/or maintenance of central sensitization. Areas covered: This review focused on preclinical work and mostly on the neurobiochemistry studied in animals, with limited human studies available...
July 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682936/effects-of-wearing-a-compression-garment-during-night-sleep-on-recovery-from-high-intensity-eccentric-concentric-quadriceps-muscle-fatigue
#11
Yohei Shimokochi, Satoshi Kuwano, Taichi Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Abutani, Norihiro Shima
This study aimed to investigate the effects of wearing a compression garment (CG) during night sleep on muscle fatigue recovery after high-intensity eccentric and concentric knee extensor exercises. Seventeen college male students participated in two experimental sessions under CG and non-CG (NCG) wearing conditions. Before night sleep under CG or NCG wearing conditions, the subjects performed a fatiguing protocol consisting of 10 sets of 10 repetitions of maximal isokinetic eccentric and concentric knee extensor contractions, with 30-second rest intervals between the sets...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682806/cognitive-resilience-and-psychological-responses-across-a-collegiate-rowing-season
#12
Morgan R Shields, M Alison Brooks, Kelli F Koltyn, Jee-Seon Kim, Dane B Cook
INTRODUCTION: Student-athletes face numerous challenges across their competitive season. Although mood states have been previously studied, little is known about adaptations in other psychological responses, specifically cognition. The purpose of this study was to characterize cognitive function, mood, sleep and stress responses at select time-points of a season in collegiate rowers. It was hypothesized that during baseline, typical training and recovery, athletes would show positive mental health profiles, in contrast to decreases in cognition with increases in negative mood and measurements of stress during peak training...
July 5, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682279/temporomandibular-pain-caused-by-sleep-disorders-a-review-and-case-report
#13
Daniel F Babiec
Patients who present to the general dentist's office with complaints of temporomandibular joint pain may exhibit signs and symptoms such as muscle soreness, bruxism, joint soreness, limited range of movement, altered movement, and facial pain as well as tooth chipping or tooth movement. After examinations, radiographic evaluations, and a review of medical history, dentists may have a bias toward regarding these symptoms as oral or dental in origin. After a diagnosis of a temporomandibular disorder (TMD), bruxism, or muscular spasms due to occlusal instabilities is established, the treatment protocol often includes an oral appliance (such as a nightguard), exercises, and pharmacologic agents...
July 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680824/the-effect-of-the-physical-activity-on-polymorphic-premature-ventricular-complexes-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Márcio G Kiuchi, Shaojie Chen
BACKGROUND: Polymorphic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are very common, appearing most frequently in patients with hypertension, obesity, sleep apnea, and structural heart disease. Sympathetic hyperactivity plays a critical role in the development, maintenance, and aggravation of ventricular arrhythmias. Endurance exercise training clearly lowers sympathetic activity in sympatho-excitatory disease states and may be tolerated by patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We assessed 40 CKD patients with hypertension with polymorphic PVCs...
June 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680341/effects-of-sleep-deprivation-on-cognitive-and-physical-performance-in-university-students
#15
Yusuf Patrick, Alice Lee, Oishik Raha, Kavya Pillai, Shubham Gupta, Sonika Sethi, Felicite Mukeshimana, Lothaire Gerard, Mohammad U Moghal, Sohag N Saleh, Susan F Smith, Mary J Morrell, James Moss
Sleep deprivation is common among university students, and has been associated with poor academic performance and physical dysfunction. However, current literature has a narrow focus in regard to domains tested, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a night of sleep deprivation on cognitive and physical performance in students. A randomized controlled crossover study was carried out with 64 participants [58% male (n = 37); 22 ± 4 years old (mean ± SD)]. Participants were randomized into two conditions: normal sleep or one night sleep deprivation...
2017: Sleep and Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679583/medical-students-teaching-peer-athletes-an-innovative-way-of-instructing-the-physiology-of-exercise-nutrition-and-sleep-as-fundamentals-for-lifestyle-medicine
#16
Magdalena Pasarica, David M Harris, Ashley L Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676439/the-effect-of-stress-fracture-interventions-in-a-single-elite-infantry-training-unit-1983-2015
#17
Charles Milgrom, Aharon S Finestone
Stress fractures can be seen as an undesired byproduct of demanding physical training. The threshold value of stress that places an individual bone at high risk for stress fracture has not been identified. In a prospective study of stress fractures in 1983, a 31% incidence was found during demanding Israeli infantry basic training by bone scan criteria. Within a subgroup of these recruits, an elite infantry unit was found to have a 40% incidence. Since then and until 2015, eight additional induction companies of the same elite infantry unit were prospectively monitored for stress fractures during their basic training...
July 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666935/calibration-and-validation-processes-for-relative-humidity-measurement-by-a-hygrochron-ibutton
#18
Mirim Shin, Raymond Patton, Trevor Mahar, Angus Ireland, Paul Swan, Chin Moi Chow
Accurate relative humidity (RH) measurement is demanded in studies of thermal comfort. Thermal discomfort occurs when the near-to-skin temperature or RH is outside of the thermal comfort zone. The Hygrochron, a small wireless device which measures both temperature and RH, would be suitable and convenient in exercise or sleep studies. However, the RH measurement has not been validated. This paper has three parts. Part 1: In evaluating the sensor surface for RH detection, four Hygrochrons were placed on a wet paper towel...
June 27, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665698/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-noninvasive-identification-of-inspiratory-flow-limitation-in-sleep-studies
#19
Sushmita Pamidi, Susan Redline, David Rapoport, Indu Ayappa, Luciana Palombini, Ramon Farre, Jason Kirkness, Jean-Louis Pépin, Olli Polo, Andrew Wellman, R John Kimoff
This report summarizes the proceedings of the American Thoracic Society Workshop on the Noninvasive Identification of Inspiratory Flow Limitation in Sleep Studies held on May 16, 2015, in Denver, Colorado. The goal of the workshop was to discuss methods for standardizing the scoring of flow limitation from nasal cannula pressure tracings. The workshop began with presentations on the physiology underlying flow limitation, existing methods of scoring flow limitation, the effects of signal acquisition and filtering on flow shapes, and a review of the literature examining the adverse outcomes related to flow limitation...
July 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662897/effects-of-a-randomized-exercise-trial-on-physical-activity-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#20
Elizabeth A Awick, Diane K Ehlers, Susan Aguiñaga, Ana M Daugherty, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests improvements in positive psychological health indices (e.g., self-esteem) may explain the relationship between physical activity and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Less is known about the role of reductions in negative psychological health indices (e.g., depression). The present study examined the effects of changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and psychological distress on change in QoL in older adults enrolled in an exercise program...
June 15, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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