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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165623/effects-of-pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-interventions-on-insomnia-symptoms-and-subjective-sleep-quality-in-women-with-hot-flashes-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-from-4-msflash-trials
#1
Katherine A Guthrie, Joseph C Larson, Kristine E Ensrud, Garnet L Anderson, Janet S Carpenter, Ellen W Freeman, Hadine Joffe, Andrea Z LaCroix, JoAnn E Manson, Charles M Morin, Katherine M Newton, Julie Otte, Susan D Reed, Susan M McCurry
Study Objectives: The Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health network conducted three randomized clinical trials (RCT) testing six interventions treating vasomotor symptoms (VMS), and also collected self-reported sleep outcomes. A fourth RCT assessed an intervention for insomnia symptoms among women with VMS. We describe these seven interventions' effects relative to control in women with comparably severe insomnia symptoms and VMS. Methods: We analyzed pooled individual-level data from 546 peri- and postmenopausal women with Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) >12, and ≥14 bothersome VMS/week across the four RCTs...
November 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165395/the-associations-among-psychological-distress-coping-style-and-health-habits-in-japanese-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Akio Tada
Background: Nursing students in many countries have been reported to experience high levels of stress and psychological distress. Health habits could potentially mediate the association between coping styles and psychological status. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mediation effect of health habits in the relationship between stress coping styles and psychological distress in Japanese nursing students. Methods: A total of 181 nursing students completed anonymous self-reported questionnaires comprised of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), the Brief Coping Orientation questionnaire, and an additional questionnaire on health behavior...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165000/building-better-caregivers-a-pragmatic-12-month-trial-of-a-community-based-workshop-for-caregivers-of-cognitively-impaired-adults
#3
Kate Lorig, Philip L Ritter, Diana D Laurent, Veronica Yank
Building Better Caregivers (BBC), a community 6-week, peer-led intervention, targets family caregivers of those with cognitive impairments. BBC was implemented in four geographically scattered areas. Self-report data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 1 year. Primary outcome were caregiver strain and depression. Secondary outcomes included caregiver burden, stress, fatigue, pain, sleep, self-rated health, exercise, self-efficacy, and caregiver and care partner health care utilization. Paired t tests examined 6 month and 1-year improvements...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161707/a-novel-animal-model-simulating-the-beginning-of-combat-exposure
#4
Dongsoo Kim, Chang Yul Kim, Hyojin Koo, Yong Heo, Kicheol Cheon
OBJECTIVE: Predator stress, social defeat stress, and fear conditioning animal models have been applied to investigate combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, no animal model psychopharmacological studies have investigated prevention of somatization of increased mental stress and fatigue at the beginning of combat exposure. This study utilized a novel animal model simulating the beginning of combat exposure that aided specification of a set of biomarkers. METHODS: Psychological stress was induced by both inescapable electric foot shock and noise stimuli...
November 22, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153315/what-are-the-keys-to-a-longer-happier-life-answers-from-five-decades-of-health-psychology-research
#5
Blair T Johnson, Rebecca L Acabchuk
RATIONALE: It has long been known that factors of the mind and of interpersonal relationships influence health, but it is only in the last 50 years that an independent scientific field of health psychology appeared, dedicated to understanding psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This article (a) reviews important research that answers the question of how human beings can have longer, happier lives; and (b) highlights trends in health psychology featuring articles in Social Science & Medicine as well as other related literature...
November 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149468/pneumoparotitis-as-a-complication-of-long-term-oronasal-positive-airway-pressure-for-sleep-apnea
#6
Andrew J Goates, Daniel J Lee, Joan E Maley, Phillip C Lee, Henry T Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Parotid swelling is rarely caused by pneumoparotitis from retrograde insufflation of air into Stensen's duct. Previous reports have identified occupational exposures, self-induced habits, exercise, spirometry, and short-term positive pressure airway ventilation as causes of salivary duct insufflation. METHODS: We present 2 cases of pneumoparotitis in patients on long-term oronasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnea...
November 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136483/fitness-sleep-disordered-breathing-symptoms-of-depression-and-cognition-in-inactive-overweight-children-mediation-models
#7
Monika M K Stojek, Amanda K Montoya, Christopher F Drescher, Andrew Newberry, Zain Sultan, Celestine F Williams, Norman K Pollock, Catherine L Davis
OBJECTIVES: We used mediation models to examine the mechanisms underlying the relationships among physical fitness, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), symptoms of depression, and cognitive functioning. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the cohorts involved in the 2003-2006 project PLAY (a trial of the effects of aerobic exercise on health and cognition) and the 2008-2011 SMART study (a trial of the effects of exercise on cognition). A total of 397 inactive overweight children aged 7-11 received a fitness test, standardized cognitive test (Cognitive Assessment System, yielding Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive, and Full Scale scores), and depression questionnaire...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#8
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135687/environmental-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-postprandial-lipemia
#9
Laurence D Parnell, Jose M Ordovas, Chao-Qiang Lai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postprandial lipemia (PPL), the prolonged increase in plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins following food consumption, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic variation, environment and the interplay between these direct an individual's postprandial lipid response. From such interplay, inducible and reversible epigenetic changes arise. Increasing evidence suggests epigenetic variation contributes to postprandial response in lipids and risk...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135639/sleep-and-athletic-performance
#10
Andrew M Watson
Sleep is an essential component of health and well-being, with significant impacts on physical development, emotional regulation, cognitive performance, and quality of life. Along with being an integral part of the recovery and adaptive process between bouts of exercise, accumulating evidence suggests that increased sleep duration and improved sleep quality in athletes are associated with improved performance and competitive success. In addition, better sleep may reduce the risk of both injury and illness in athletes, not only optimizing health but also potentially enhancing performance through increased participation in training...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129704/wearable-activity-monitors-in-oncology-trials-current-use-of-an-emerging-technology
#11
REVIEW
Gillian Gresham, Jennifer Schrack, Louise M Gresham, Arvind M Shinde, Andrew E Hendifar, Richard Tuli, B J Rimel, Robert Figlin, Curtis L Meinert, Steven Piantadosi
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is an important outcome in oncology trials. Physical activity is commonly assessed using self-reported questionnaires, which are limited by recall and response biases. Recent advancements in wearable technology have provided oncologists with new opportunities to obtain real-time, objective physical activity data. The purpose of this review was to describe current uses of wearable activity monitors in oncology trials. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for oncology trials involving wearable activity monitors published between 2005 and 2016...
November 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124630/effectiveness-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-sleep-and-functional-capacity-to-exercise-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Adília Karoline Ferreira Souza, Armèle Dornelas de Andrade, Ana Irene Carlos de Medeiros, Maria Inês Remígio de Aguiar, Taciano Dias de Souza Rocha, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe de Lima
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on sleep and functional capacity to exercise in subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: This is a controlled, randomized, double-blind study conducted in 16 OSA patients divided into two groups: training (IMT: n = 8) and placebo-IMT (P-IMT: n = 8). IMT was conducted during 12 weeks with a moderate load (50-60% of maximal inspiratory pressure-MIP), while P-IMT used a load < 20% of MPI...
November 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123925/corrigendum-to-interrelationship-between-sleep-and-exercise-a-systematic-review
#13
Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, David M Boland, Jennifer L Martin, Christopher B Cooper
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1364387.].
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122149/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-exercise-on-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#14
James W Whitworth, Lynette L Craft, Shira I Dunsiger, Joseph T Ciccolo
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that exercise may have beneficial effects on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and that this relationship may be indirectly affected by sleep, pain, and alcohol/substance use. The present study examined the longitudinal direct and indirect effects of exercise on PTSD symptoms. METHOD: A national sample of 182 individuals, screening positive for PTSD, completed online assessments of PTSD symptoms, exercise behavior, psychological distress, sleep quality, and alcohol/substance use at baseline and three-month follow-up...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120895/leaving-the-nest-anticipatory-guidance-for-the-college-bound-youth
#15
Sharnendra Sidhu, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of students enrolling in college is on the rise; however, the number of students dropping out is increasing as well. Given that the transition to attending college poses challenges with independent academic functioning, social adjustment, health behaviors, and lifestyle choices, the purpose of this review is to describe some of the issues that these students will encounter so that pediatricians can help teens who are going to college successfully transition to their new academic, social, and living environment...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118991/factors-increasing-the-risk-for-psychosocial-stress-among-korean-adults-living-in-rural-areas-using-generalized-estimating-equations-and-mixed-models
#16
Ju-Hyun Nam, Myeong-Seob Lim, Hyun-Kyeong Choi, Jae-Yeop Kim, Sung-Kyeong Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh, Hee-Tae Kang
Background: This study was conducted to analyze the distribution of the psychosocial well-being index among adults living in two rural communities in Korea and to examine its correlation with lifestyle variables such as sleep duration, regular exercise, and sedentary time. Methods: Using the cohort data of the Atherosclerosis Risk of a Rural Area Korean General Population, this study examined 3631 participants living in Wonju and Pyeongchang in Gangwon Province; their preliminary data were established from 2005 to 2007 while their follow-up data were collected 3 years later...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114564/the-effect-of-pretest-exercise-on-baseline-computerized-neurocognitive-test-scores
#17
Alec Pawlukiewicz, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary Solomon
Background: Baseline neurocognitive assessment plays a critical role in return-to-play decision making following sport-related concussions. Prior studies have assessed the effect of a variety of modifying factors on neurocognitive baseline test scores. However, relatively little investigation has been conducted regarding the effect of pretest exercise on baseline testing. Purpose/Hypothesis: The aim of our investigation was to determine the effect of pretest exercise on baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) scores in adolescent and young adult athletes...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111989/improvements-in-psychological-health-following-a-residential-yoga-based-program-for-frontline-professionals
#18
Natalie Trent, Mindy Miraglia, Jeffery Dusek, Edi Pasalis, Sat Bir Singh Khalsa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a residential yoga-based program on psychological health and health behaviors in frontline professionals. METHODS: Frontline professionals from education, health care, human services, and corrections participated in the RISE (Resilience, Integration, Self-awareness, Engagement) program and completed questionnaires at baseline, post-program, and 2 months following RISE. RESULTS: Paired samples t tests revealed improvements in mindfulness, stress, resilience, affect, and sleep quality from baseline to post-program (all Ps < 0...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111839/the-interpretation-of-physical-activity-exercise-and-sedentary-behaviours-by-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Yvonne Learmonth, Elizabeth Hubbard, Lara Pilutti, Sarah Roberts, Jason Fanning, Thomas Wójcicki, Edward McAuley, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVES: This study adopted a qualitative research design with directed content analysis and examined the interpretations of physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behaviour by persons with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Fifty three persons with multiple sclerosis who were enrolled in an exercise trial took part in semi-structured interviews regarding personal interpretations of physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behaviours. RESULTS: Forty three percent of participants indicated a consistent understanding of physical activity, 42% of participants indicated a consistent understanding of exercise, and 83% of participants indicated a consistent understanding of sedentary behaviour with the standard definitions...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111106/2017-comprehensive-update-of-the-canadian-cardiovascular-society-guidelines-for-the-management-of-heart-failure
#20
Justin A Ezekowitz, Eileen O'Meara, Michael A McDonald, Howard Abrams, Michael Chan, Anique Ducharme, Nadia Giannetti, Adam Grzeslo, Peter G Hamilton, George A Heckman, Jonathan G Howlett, Sheri L Koshman, Serge Lepage, Robert S McKelvie, Gordon W Moe, Miroslaw Rajda, Elizabeth Swiggum, Sean A Virani, Shelley Zieroth, Abdul Al-Hesayen, Alain Cohen-Solal, Michel D'Astous, Sabe De, Estrellita Estrella-Holder, Stephen Fremes, Lee Green, Haissam Haddad, Karen Harkness, Adrian F Hernandez, Simon Kouz, Marie-Hélène LeBlanc, Frederick A Masoudi, Heather J Ross, Andre Roussin, Bruce Sussex
Since the inception of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society heart failure (HF) guidelines in 2006, much has changed in the care for patients with HF. Over the past decade, the HF Guidelines Committee has published regular updates. However, because of the major changes that have occurred, the Guidelines Committee believes that a comprehensive reassessment of the HF management recommendations is presently needed, with a view to producing a full and complete set of updated guidelines. The primary and secondary Canadian Cardiovascular Society HF panel members as well as external experts have reviewed clinically relevant literature to provide guidance for the practicing clinician...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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