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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643119/home-based-versus-center-based-aerobic-exercise-on-cardiopulmonary-performance-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-sleep-of-overweight-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Adriano Ammirati, Lilian Cuppari
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity can decrease the patients' cardiopulmonary capacity, physical functioning and quality of life. The search for effective and practical alternative methods of exercise to engage patients in training programs is of great importance. Therefore, we aimed to compare the effects of home-based versus center-based aerobic exercise on the cardiopulmonary and functional capacities, quality of life and quality of sleep of overweight non-dialysis-dependent patients with CKD (NDD-CKD)...
June 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#2
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640576/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-insomnia-and-other-common-symptoms-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia
#3
Lisa Blackburn, Sara Achor, Betty Allen, Nicole Bauchmire, Danielle Dunnington, Rebecca Klisovic, Steven Naber, Kirsten Roblee, Angela Samczak, Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, Esther Chipps
Purpose/Objectives: To determine if the use of aromatherapy improves insomnia and other common symptoms in hospitalized patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Design: A randomized, crossover, washout trial. Setting: An inpatient acute leukemia unit at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard L. Solove Research Institute of the Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University in Columbus. Sample: 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute leukemia and hospitalized to receive their initial four weeks of intensive induction chemotherapy...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#4
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632088/the-association-of-daytime-maternal-napping-and-exercise-with-nighttime-sleep-in-first-time-mothers-between-3-and-6-months-postpartum
#5
Teresa A Lillis, Nancy A Hamilton, Sarah D Pressman, Christina S Khou
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship of daytime maternal napping, exercise, caffeine, and alcohol intake to objective and subjective sleep indices. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty healthy, nondepressed, first-time mothers between 3 and 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Seven consecutive days of online behavior diaries, sleep diaries, and wrist actigraphy, collecting Total Sleep Time (TST), Sleep Onset Latency (SOL), and Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO)...
October 19, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627275/the-effects-of-exercise-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-performance-based-physical-function-in-adults-with-acute-leukemia-undergoing-induction-therapy
#6
Ashley Leak Bryant, Allison M Deal, Claudio L Battaglini, Brett Phillips, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Erin Coffman, Matthew C Foster, William A Wood, Charlotte Bailey, Anthony C Hackney, Deborah K Mayer, Hyman B Muss, Bryce B Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is a distressing symptom for adults with acute leukemia, often impeding their ability to exercise. OBJECTIVES: 1) Examine effects of a 4-week mixed-modality supervised exercise program (4 times a week, twice a day) on fatigue in adults with acute leukemia undergoing induction chemotherapy. 2) Evaluate effects of exercise program on cognition, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance. 3) Evaluate effect of intervention on adherence to exercise...
March 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627013/regular-exercise-improves-the-well-being-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#7
Gail C Halliday, Gordon C P Miles, Julie A Marsh, Rishi S Kotecha, Angela J Alessandri
AIM: Parents of children with cancer describe impaired physical and social functioning, sleep disturbance and poor mental health. Exercise-related interventions impact positively on these quality of life domains, but have not been examined in this population. The aim of this longitudinal pilot study was to explore the feasibility of a 12-week pedometer-monitored walking intervention among parents of children with cancer, assessing adherence to a set activity target of 70,000 steps per week, and to explore the benefits of physical activity on mental and physical health...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626106/-seedi-basic-strategies-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Chunsong Hu
ABCDE strategy, mainly based on drugs or medications and the lifestyle modification (named as "main medical strategy"), is popular in the guideline for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in China and foreign countries. Here, the author recommends a non-invasive and non-pharmacologic "Zhongzi" rule, which includes 4 healthy elements: Sleep, emotion, exercise, and diet (SEED), and also called SEED intervention (SEEDi) strategy. It is the basic strategy for primary and secondary prevention of non-infectious diseases, especially for ASCVD...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#9
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617071/an-endothelial-link-between-the-benefits-of-physical-exercise-in-dementia
#10
Lianne J Trigiani, Edith Hamel
The current absence of a disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) highlights the necessity for investigating the benefits of non-pharmacological approaches such as physical exercise (PE). Although evidence exists to support an association between regular PE and higher scores on cognitive function tests, and a slower rate of cognitive decline, there is no clear consensus on the underlying molecular mechanisms of the advantages of PE. This review seeks to summarize the positive effects of PE in human and animal studies while highlighting the vascular link between these benefits...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598132/-effect-of-sleep-in-early-pregnancy-on-gestational-diabetes-a-prospective-study
#11
Feng-Ming Zhou, Liu-Qing Yang, Rong-Ping Zhao, Dan Liu, Run Li, Yue Wang, Zheng-Yan Dai, Jing Liu, Ju Zhang, Rong Zhou, Guo Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of sleep status in early pregnant women on the occurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: In this prospective study,542 pregnant women in early pregnancy were selected as subjects.The sleep time,insomnia,pre-gestational body mass and basic information of the subjects were collected by the trained investigators through questionnaire.At the 24(th) to 28(th) pregnant week,the body mass of each subject was measured and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was conducted...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584553/comparison-of-the-effect-of-acupressure-and-pilates-based-exercises-on-sleep-quality-of-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Maryam Ahmadinezhad, Marzieh Kargar, Fatemeh Vizeshfar, Mohammad J Hadianfard
BACKGROUND: Postmenopausal women experience a variety of symptoms, among which sleep disorder is one of the most common problems. Acupressure and Pilates exercise programs are effective nonpharmaceutical treatments which can improve sleep quality. In the present study, we aimed to compare the effects of acupressure and Pilates-based exercises on the sleep quality of postmenopausal women referred to medical clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial, we recruited 108 women aged 40-60 years who were randomly assigned into one control and two intervention groups using balanced block randomization method (three groups of 36 each)...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583487/considerations-for-the-successful-decannulation-of-the-pediatric-patient-a-single-surgeon-s-experience
#13
Jonathan T Maslan, Kenneth R Feehs, Daniel J Kirse
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the steps and interventions necessary for successful decannulation of the chronic pediatric tracheostomy patient. METHODS: This retrospective review analyzed one surgeon's (DJK) pediatric tracheostomy decannulation methods and results at a tertiary academic medical center over a thirteen-year period, from October 2002 through November 2015. It also examined which tests and procedures were conducted on patients prior to their successful decannulation...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579759/a-randomized-trial-of-individual-versus-group-format-exercise-and-self-management-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-comorbid-depression
#14
Martha Sajatovic, Angela L Ridgel, Ellen M Walter, Curtis M Tatsuoka, Kari Colón-Zimmermann, Riane K Ramsey, Elisabeth Welter, Steven A Gunzler, Christina M Whitney, Benjamin L Walter
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), and exercise is known to improve depression and PD. However, lack of motivation and low self-efficacy can make exercise difficult for people with PD and comorbid depression (PD-Dep). A combined group exercise and chronic disease self-management (CDSM) program may improve the likeli-hood that individuals will engage in exercise and will show a reduction in depression symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in depression in PD-Dep between individual versus group exercise plus CDSM and to examine participant adherence and perception of the interventions...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576612/evaluation-of-an-association-between-long-sleep-duration-and-periodontal-disease-among-men-and-women-using-nationally-representative-data
#15
Kyungdo Han, Yong-Moon Park, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between long sleep duration and periodontal disease among men and women using nationally representative data. METHODS: In this study, we performed a cross-sectional analysis and used multivariable logistic regression analysis models. We analysed data from 2012 through 2014 from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The analysis in this study was confined to a total of 14,675 respondents over 19 years of age...
May 30, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572891/factors-positively-influencing-health-are-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men-the-2007-2009-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Shinhye Kim, Mi-Ra Cho, Taejong Kim, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Jae Woo Lee, Hee-Taik Kang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has risen rapidly worldwide, including in South Korea. Factors related to lifestyle are closely associated with the development of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and a number of factors positively influencing health, namely non-smoking, low-risk drinking, sufficient sleep, regular exercise, and the habit of reading food labels, among Korean men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,869 men from the 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572056/effects-of-exercise-on-depressive-behavior-and-striatal-levels-of-norepinephrine-serotonin-and-their-metabolites-in-sleep-deprived-mice
#17
Thiago Medeiros da Costa Daniele, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Emiliano Ricardo Vasconcelos Rios, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin
Exercise is a promising adjunctive therapy for depressive behavior, sleep/wake abnormalities, cognition and motor dysfunction. Conversely, sleep deprivation impairs mood, cognition and functional performance. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of exercise on anxiety and depressive behavior and striatal levels of norepinephrine (NE), serotonin and its metabolites in mice submitted to 6h of total sleep deprivation (6h-TSD) and 72h of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep deprivation (72h-REMSD). Experimental groups were: (1) mice submitted to 6h-TSD by gentle handling; (2) mice submitted to 72h-REMSD by the flower pot method; (3) exercise (treadmill for 8 weeks); (4) exercise followed by 6h-TSD; (5) exercise followed by 72h-REMSD; (6) control (home cage)...
May 29, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562581/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-constipation-among-women-aged-50-years-and-older-in-shanghai-china
#18
Ling Huang, Huihong Jiang, Maoling Zhu, Baocai Wang, Minsi Tong, Huaguang Li, Mou-Bin Lin, Li Li
BACKGROUND Chronic constipation (CC) is a major public health problem worldwide, especially in elderly women. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of CC among women aged 50 years and older in Shanghai, China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 1950 women aged 50 years and older, randomly sampled in Yangpu District of Shanghai from April to October 2015. Information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, medical history, and defecation situation was collected through in-person interviews...
May 31, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557857/consumption-of-a-5-mg-melatonin-supplement-does-not-affect-32-2-kilometer-cycling-time-trial-performance
#19
Kyle J Brandenberger, Christopher P Ingalls, Jeffrey C Rupp, J Andrew Doyle
Some studies suggest that exogenous melatonin supplementation may improve athletic performance in hot humid environments because of its precooling effect. However, melatonin is also consumed as a sleep aid for its depressive effects on the central nervous system, which may hinder performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine whether consuming a 5 mg supplement of melatonin would affect performance in a laboratory-simulated 32.2 kilometer cycling time trial. The time trial was conducted in a thermoneutral environment to separate CNS depressive effects of the melatonin from the cooling effects...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550245/amyloid-burden-in-obstructive-sleep%C3%A2-apnea
#20
Chang-Ho Yun, Ho-Young Lee, Seung Ku Lee, Hyun Kim, Hyung Suk Seo, Seong Ae Bang, Sang Eun Kim, Douglas N Greve, Rhoda Au, Chol Shin, Robert J Thomas
To test the hypothesis that excessive amyloid deposition is a biological link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Alzheimer's disease, we determined whether OSA increases cerebral amyloid burden, relative to controls, using Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) PET imaging. The subjects were adult participants (age 50-65 years) from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Polysomnography, brain MRI including 3D images, and a detailed neuro-cognitive function test battery were done in 2011-2012. Nineteen OSA subjects (Apnea-Hypopnea Index [AHI] ≥15/h, 21...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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