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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089456/protective-effects-of-exercise-training-on-endothelial-dysfunction-induced-by-total-sleep-deprivation-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Fabien Sauvet, Pierrick J Arnal, Pierre Emmanuel Tardo-Dino, Catherine Drogou, Pascal Van Beers, Clément Bougard, Arnaud Rabat, Garance Dispersyn, Alexandra Malgoyre, Damien Leger, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Mounir Chennaoui
BACKGROUND: Sleep loss is a risk factor for cardiovascular events mediated through endothelial dysfunction. AIMS: To determine if 7weeks of exercise training can limit cardiovascular dysfunction induced by total sleep deprivation (TSD) in healthy young men. METHODS: 16 subjects were examined during 40-h TSD, both before and after 7weeks of interval exercise training. Vasodilatation induced by ACh, insulin and heat (42°C) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), blood pressure and heart rate (HR) were assessed before TSD (controlday), during TSD, and after one night of sleep recovery...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#3
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075423/effects-of-device-guided-slow-breathing-training-on-exercise-capacity-cardiac-function-and-respiratory-patterns-during-sleep-in-male-and-female-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#4
Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Grzegorz Bilo, Tomasz Drożdż, Dorota Dębicka-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Gabriella Malfatto, Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Carolina Lombardi, Agnieszka Bednarek, Sabrina Salerno, Danuta Czarnecka, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION    Slow breathing training (SBT) has been proposed as new non-pharmacological treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of SBT on exercise capacity, haemodynamic parameters and sleep respiratory patterns in a relatively large sample of CHF patients. PATIENTS ABD METHODS    A cross-over open study was conducted. The patients completed, in random order, 10-12 week periods of SBT with the RESPeRATE device (InterCure Ltd...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073739/the-associations-among-individual-factors-ehealth-literacy-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-among-college-students
#5
Shu-Ching Yang, Yi-Fang Luo, Chia-Hsun Chiang
BACKGROUND: eHealth literacy is gaining importance for maintaining and promoting health. Studies have found that individuals with high eHealth literacy are more likely to adopt healthy eating, exercise, and sleep behaviors. In addition, previous studies have shown that various individual factors (eg, frequency of seeking information on health issues, degree of health concern, frequency of eating organic food, and students' college major) are associated with eHealth literacy and health-promoting lifestyles...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068145/comparison-of-patient-health-history-questionnaires-used-in-general-internal-and-family-medicine-integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinics
#6
Justin G R Laube, Martin F Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Health history questionnaires (HHQs) are a set of self-administered questions completed by patients prior to a clinical encounter. Despite widespread use, minimal research has evaluated the content of HHQs used in general internal medicine and family medicine (GIM/FM), integrative medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; chiropractic, naturopathic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM]) clinics. Integrative medicine and CAM claim greater emphasis on well-being than does GIM/FM...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064384/gut-microbiota-composition-associated-with-alterations-in-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Jesseca A Paulsen, Travis S Ptacek, Stephen J Carter, Nianjun Liu, Ranjit Kumar, LaKeshia Hyndman, Elliot J Lefkowitz, Casey D Morrow, Laura Q Rogers
PURPOSE: In this proof-of-concept pilot study, our purpose was to determine correlations between gut microbiota composition and alterations in cardiorespiratory fitness and psychosocial outcomes among post-primary treatment breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Composition of the gut microbiota in BCS (n = 12) was assessed at baseline (M0) and at the end of 3 months (M3) using Illumina MiSeq DNA Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Gut microbiota composition was analyzed using the QIIME bioinformatics software and represented through diversity metrics and taxa analyses...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063976/effect-of-jaw-opening-exercise-on-prevention-of-temporomandibular-disorders-pain-associated-with-oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Hiroyuki Ishiyama, Shusuke Inukai, Akira Nishiyama, Masayuki Hideshima, Shuhei Nakamura, Meiyo Tamaoka, Yasunari Miyazaki, Kenji Fueki, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
PURPOSE: There are no studies on the prevention of temporomandibular joint and/or masticatory muscle pain (TMD pain) associated with oral appliance (OA) therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of jaw-opening exercise on TMD pain associated with OA therapy in OSA patients. METHODS: Twenty-five OSA patients without pain-related TMD were consecutively enrolled into a two-arm, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063861/common-and-distinct-characteristics-associated-with-trajectories-of-morning-and-evening-energy-in-oncology-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#9
Hamza Abid, Kord M Kober, Betty Smoot, Steven M Paul, Marilyn Hammer, Jon D Levine, Kathryn Lee, Fay Wright, Bruce A Cooper, Yvette P Conley, Christine Miaskowski
CONTEXT: While energy conservation strategies are recommended in clinical practice guidelines, little is known about changes in energy levels in oncology patients undergoing cancer treatment. OBJECTIVES: To identify variations in the trajectories of morning and evening energy levels and to determine which characteristics predicted initial levels as well as the trajectories of morning and evening energy. METHODS: Outpatients receiving chemotherapy (CTX) completed demographic and symptom questionnaires six times over two CTX cycles...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057921/no-modifying-effect-of-education-level-on-the-association-between-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiovascular-mortality-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#10
Eri Eguchi, Hiroyasu Iso, Kaori Honjo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Tamakoshi
We examined the effect of education level on the association between healthy lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular mortality in the Japanese population. A total of 42,647 community-based men and women aged 40-79 years were enrolled at baseline (1988-1990), followed through 2009. The components of the healthy lifestyle score included the intake of fruits, fish, and milk; body mass index; exercise; avoidance of smoking; moderate alcohol intake; and moderate sleep duration. During the 19.3 years of follow-up, 8,314 all-cause and 2,377 total cardiovascular mortality cases were noted...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057424/sundown-syndrome-sleep-quality-and-walking-among-community-dwelling-people-with-alzheimer-disease
#11
Yen-Hua Shih, Ming-Chyi Pai, Ying-Che Huang, Jing-Jy Wang
PURPOSES: Sundown syndrome and sleep disturbances cause people with Alzheimer disease (PAD) and caregivers suffering. Studies have indicated that physical exercise could have a positive impact on sundown syndrome, yet no research has ever explored the relationship between walking and sundown syndrome. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between sundown syndrome and sleep quality, and determine whether the severity of dementia, sleep quality, and weekly duration of walking influenced sundown syndrome, and to assess differences in sundown syndrome and sleep quality in relation to the accompanying walker and weekly duration of walking among people with Alzheimer disease living in the community...
January 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052840/complaint-directed-mini-interventions-for-depressive-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-unguided-web-based-self-help-interventions
#12
Suzanne Lokman, Stephanie S Leone, Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Agnes van der Poel, Filip Smit, Brigitte Boon
BACKGROUND: Prevention of depression is important due to the substantial burden of disease associated with it. To this end, we developed a novel, brief, and low-threshold Web-based self-help approach for depressive complaints called complaint-directed mini-interventions (CDMIs). These CDMIs focus on highly prevalent complaints that are demonstrably associated with depression and have a substantial economic impact: stress, sleep problems, and worry. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Web-based self-help CDMIs in a sample of adults with mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms compared to a wait-list control group...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051892/what-is-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-management-of-obesity
#13
E Panteliou, A D Miras
Diet, exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy are some of the means of assisting patients to lose weight, with bariatric surgery being the most effective. Over the last two decades, the increased awareness of the systemic benefits of bariatric surgery, as well as the improved safety and the wider use of the laparoscopic approach, has made bariatric surgery flourish. In the United Kingdom, the adjustable gastric band (10%), vertical sleeve gastrectomy (37%) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (45%) are the three most common procedures...
January 4, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042592/paroxysmal-nonepileptic-events-in-glut1-deficiency
#15
Joerg Klepper, Baerbel Leiendecker, Christin Eltze, Nicole Heussinger
View Supplementary Video Movement disorders are a major feature of Glut1 deficiency. As recently identified in adults with paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia, similar events were reported in pediatric Glut1 deficiency. In a case series, parent videos of regular motor state and paroxysmal events were requested from children with Glut1 deficiency on clinical follow-up. A questionnaire was sent out to 60 families. Videos of nonparoxysmal/paroxysmal states in 3 children illustrated the ataxic-dystonic, choreatiform, and dyskinetic-dystonic nature of paroxysmal events...
November 2016: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039190/endurance-training-attenuates-the-increase-in-peripheral-chemoreflex-sensitivity-with-intermittent-hypoxia
#16
Amanda J Miller, Charity L Sauder, Aimee E Cauffman, Cheryl A Blaha, Urs A Leuenberger
Patients with heart failure and sleep apnea have greater chemoreflex sensitivity, presumably due to intermittent hypoxia (IH), and this is predictive of mortality. We hypothesized that endurance training would attenuate the effect of IH on peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity in healthy humans. Fifteen young healthy subjects (9 female, 26 ± 1 years) participated. Between visits, 11 subjects underwent eight weeks of endurance training that included running four times/week at 80% predicted max heart rate and interval training, and 4 control subjects did not change activity...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034589/bone-variables-in-active-overweight-obese-men-and-sedentary-overweight-obese-men
#17
Georges El Khoury, Hassane Zouhal, Geneviève Cabagno, César El Khoury, Maroun Rizkallah, Ghassan Maalouf, Rawad El Hage
The aim of this study was to compare bone variables in active overweight/obese men and sedentary overweight/obese men. Thirty-seven active overweight/obese men and 45 sedentary overweight/obese men participated in this study. Weight and height were measured, and body mass index was calculated. Body composition and bone variables (bone mineral content [BMC], bone mineral density [BMD], geometric indices of hip bone strength, and trabecular bone score) were measured by DXA. Physical activity level, daily calcium intake, daily protein intake, and sleep duration were measured by validated questionnaires...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033268/associations-of-sleep-duration-with-open-angle-glaucoma-in-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Jin-Ah Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jung Ah Min, Jin A Choi
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and glaucoma, stratified by obesity status.This study was conducted using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V 2010 to 2012. Open-angle glaucoma was diagnosed according to the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria. Subjects were divided into subgroups based on those who were overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m or <25 kg/m) or with abdominal obesity (based on waist circumference)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029852/impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-sleep-quality-among-adults-with-obesity-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Elizabeth Adler, Anand Dhruva, Patricia J Moran, Jennifer Daubenmier, Michael Acree, Elissa S Epel, Peter Bacchetti, Aric A Prather, Ashley Mason, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among adults with obesity. Mindfulness interventions have been shown to improve sleep quality in various populations but have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention with an active control on self-reported sleep quality among adults with obesity. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial and included 194 adults with a body mass index in the range 30-45 kg/m(2)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029383/pilot-results-from-a-randomized-trial-in-men-comparing-alpha-adrenergic-antagonist-versus-behavior-and-exercise-for-nocturia-and-sleep
#20
Theodore M Johnson, Camille P Vaughan, Patricia S Goode, Donald L Bliwise, Alayne D Markland, Carrie Huisingh, David T Redden, Gerald McGwin, Rina Eisenstein, Joseph G Ouslander, Muta Issa, Kathryn L Burgio
PURPOSE: Nocturia and sleep problems are common in older adults. We developed and tested a novel intervention, multicomponent behavioral treatment and exercise therapy (M-BET), that may reduce nocturia and improve sleep in men. We compared reductions in nocturia and improvement in sleep in men with M-BET versus an active drug comparator (α-blocker) used alone or in combination (M-BET + α-blocker) METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the ambulatory setting in 2 US Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers in men at least 40 years of age with nocturia (defined as ≥2 nightly episodes)...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
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