Read by QxMD icon Read

magnesium sulphate

Anurag Yadava, Sunil K Rajput, Sarika Katiyar, Rajnish K Jain
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In laparoscopic surgeries, intraperitoneal instillation of local anaesthetics and opioids is gaining popularity, for better pain relief. This study compared the quality and duration of post-operative analgesia using intraperitoneal tramadol plus bupivacaine (TB) or magnesium plus bupivacaine (MB). METHODS: In this study, 186 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into two groups: group TB received intraperitoneal tramadol with bupivacaine and group MB received intraperitoneal magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) with bupivacaine...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
John Rathbone, Richard Franklin, Clinton Gibbs, David Williams
Signs of Irukandji syndrome (IS) suggest an underlying catecholamine storm with research demonstrating that Carukia barnesi venom causes a significant rise in adrenaline/noradrenaline serum levels. A systematic review was undertaken to ascertain the current evidence in treating IS with magnesium salts. A literature search was conducted using Scopus, Medline and ScienceDirect. Further articles were discarded via title description and/or abstract details. The remaining were read in full, and those identified as not having sufficient information regarding magnesium and patient outcomes were removed...
October 17, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Kavitha Ramadass, Thavamani Palanisami, Euan Smith, Srinithi Mayilswami, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Ravi Naidu
Earthworm toxicity assays contribute to ecological risk assessment and consequently standard toxicological endpoints, such as mortality and reproduction, are regularly estimated. These endpoints are not enough to better understand the mechanism of toxic pollutants. We employed an additional endpoint in the earthworm Eisenia andrei to estimate the pollutant-induced stress. In this study, comet assay was used as an additional endpoint to evaluate the genotoxicity of weathered hydrocarbon contaminated soils containing 520 to 1450 mg hydrocarbons kg(-1) soil...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Sara Houlihan, Diane Decarie, Cindy Benes, Richard Cleve, Marianne Vidler, Laura A Magee, Mary H H Ensom, Peter von Dadelszen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physical compatibility and chemical stability of mixtures of magnesium sulphate and lidocaine in order to determine the feasibility of manufacturing a prefilled syringe combining these two drugs for use as an intramuscular (IM) loading dose for eclampsia prevention and/or treatment. This ready-to-use mixture will provide a more tolerable and accessible route of administration appropriate for widespread use. METHODS: Physical compatibility (pH, colour, and formation of precipitate) and chemical stability (maintaining > 90% of initial concentrations) of mixtures of MgSO4, using both commercially available MgSO4 (50%) and MgSO4 reconstituted from salt (61%), with lidocaine hydrochloride (2%) were evaluated every 14 days over six months...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Sana Sheikh, Rahat Najam Qureshi, Asif Raza Khowaja, Rehana Salam, Marianne Vidler, Diane Sawchuck, Peter von Dadelszen, Shujat Zaidi, Zulfiqar Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio is 276 per 100,000 live births in Pakistan. Eclampsia is responsible for one in every ten maternal deaths despite the fact that management of this disease is inexpensive and has been available for decades. Many studies have shown that health care providers in low and middle-income countries have limited training to manage patients with eclampsia. Hence, we aimed to explore the knowledge of different cadres of health care providers regarding aetiology, diagnosis and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia and current management practices...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
Qiuyan Li, Guofeng Jiang, Dong Wang, Huang Wang, Liang Ding, Guo He
Our aim was to develop a biocompatible bone repair material that has the advantage of preventing postoperative infections. Finally, the porous magnesium (p-Mg) loaded with gentamicin sulphate (GS-loaded Mg-G) was fabricated. The GS release behavior of the GS-loaded Mg-G in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) was investigated. The effective release time of GS reached to 14days. In addition, the effects of porosity and pore diameter of p-Mg on the GS release behavior of the GS-loaded Mg-G were studied. In the initial burst release stage, the GS release rate of the GS-loaded Mg-G increased with the increasing porosity or the increasing pore diameter of p-Mg...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Sophie Ch Wen, Catherine Webb, Fiona Miles, Elizabeth Wilson
AIM: To review management of children admitted with tetanus to Starship Children's Hospital from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of children aged 0-15 years admitted to Starship Children's Hospital with tetanus from 2000 to 2013. Follow-up of immunisation status was via the National Immunisation Register and/or phone contact with patient's primary health care provider. RESULTS: Four cases of tetanus occurred, all in unimmunised children...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Prakash Khairnar, Munisha Agarwal, Uttam Chandra Verma, Rakesh Kumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with burns may require multiple surgeries, but poor general condition and underlying protein energy malnutrition make them unsuitable candidates for general or spinal anaesthesia. This study evaluated the role of magnesium sulphate as an adjuvant with levobupivacaine and ropivacaine used in combined femoral and lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) blocks in burn patients with relative sparing of thigh portion. METHODS: This prospective, randomised, double-blind study included 54 adult patients of 18-65 years age, undergoing split-thickness skin graft harvest from the thigh, allotted to three equal groups of 18 each...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Kishwar Azad, Jiji Mathews
Preterm births (PTBs), defined as births before 37 weeks of gestation account for the majority of deaths in the newborn period. Prediction and prevention of PTB is challenging. A history of preterm labour or second trimester losses and accurate measurement of cervical length help to identify women who would benefit from progesterone and cerclage. Fibronectin estimation in the cervicovaginal secretions of a symptomatic woman with an undilated cervix can predict PTB within 10 days of testing. Antibiotics should be given to women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes but tocolysis has a limited role in the management of preterm labour...
June 24, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Hassan Sadraei, Gholamreza Asghari, Farzaneh Shahverdi
Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss, a member of Labiatae family, is a native plant to Iran, which has been reported to have immunomodulatory, antihyperlipidemic and antispasmodic activities. The objective of this research was to study the antispasmodic and antidiarrhoeal activities of hydroalcoholic and hexane extracts of D. kotschyi in mice. Furthermore, the antidiarrhoeal and antispasmodic effect of apigenin, a flavonoid constituent of D. kotschyi, was also studied. Hydroalcoholic and hexane extracts were obtained from aerial part of D...
May 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Annettee Nakimuli, Sarah Nakubulwa, Othman Kakaire, Michael Odongo Osinde, Scovia Nalugo Mbalinda, Nelson Kakande, Rose Chalo Nabirye, Dan Kabonge Kaye
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The objective was to estimate the disease burden attributable to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in two referral hospitals in Uganda. METHODS: Through a prospective cohort study conducted in Jinja and Mulago hospitals in Uganda from March 1, 2013 and February 28, 2014, hypertension-related cases were analyzed. Maternal near miss cases were defined according to the WHO criteria...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Stefan C Kane, Shaun P Brennecke, Fabricio da Silva Costa
The neurological complications of pre-eclampsia, including eclampsia (seizures) and intracerebral haemorrhage, are responsible for much of the maternal morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Animal models and neuroimaging in humans suggest that pre-eclampsia is associated with a loss of cerebral autoregulation, which consequent hyperperfusion and vasogenic oedema. Treatments given to pre-eclamptic women are aimed at preventing these cerebral sequelae, and include antihypertensive agents (to prevent intracranial haemorrhage) and magnesium sulphate (for seizure prophylaxis)...
August 3, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Mette Konow Bøgebjerg Dolberg, Lars Peter Nielsen, Ronald Dahl
Despite the presumption of a beneficial effect of magnesium (Mg) supplementation on various diseases, little is known concerning the pharmacokinetics of Mg hydroxide. This study was designed to provide a pharmacokinetic profile of Mg hydroxide after a single oral dose. Ten healthy male adults participated in this cross-over study with three 24-hr study days. Interventions were: 1) none (baseline), 2) oral intake of three (3 x 360 mg) tablets of Mg hydroxide (Mablet(®) ) and 3) IV bolus infusion of 2 g Mg sulphate (index drug)...
July 14, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Mysore Doddaiah Kavitha, Shanmugam Kathiresan, Sila Bhattacharya, Ravi Sarada
Porphyridium purpureum a red marine microalga is known for phycobiliproteins (PB), polyunsaturated fatty acids and sulphated exopolysaccharides. In the present study, effects of media constituents for the production of different polyunsaturated fatty acids from P. purpureum were considered using a response surface methodology (RSM). A second order polynomial was used to predict the response functions in terms of the independent variables such as the concentrations of sodium chloride, magnesium sulphate, sodium nitrate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate...
May 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
A H Shruthi, K Sudheesh, S S Nethra, R S Raghavendra Rao, D Devika Rani
CONTEXT: Epidural anesthesia provides the advantage of segmental blockade and many adjuvants have been added to shorten the onset of action, improve the quality of analgesia and prolong the duration of analgesia. Magnesium sulphate(MgSO4) by virtue of its anti-iociceptive property has been administered by various routes. AIM: To assess the effect of MgSO4 on the duration of onset of action of injection bupivacaine for epidural anesthesia in infraumbilical surgeries...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Laura García Alonso, Marcelino Pumarada Prieto, Eva González Colmenero, Ana Concheiro Guisán, María Suárez Albo, Cristina Durán Fernández-Feijoo, Luisa González Durán, José Ramón Fernández Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) administration has shown to be effective in minimising cerebral palsy and severe motor dysfunction at the age of 2 years. The aim of this study is to analyse the initial clinical outcome of preterm neonates less than 29 weeks who have received prenatal MgSO4, as well as to determine the relationship between the magnesium dose delivered to the mother and the magnesium concentration in the neonates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on neonates of less than 29 weeks gestation admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Hospital Universitario de Vigo from December 2012 to July 2015...
June 6, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Şule Cömert, Esen Kıyan, Gülfer Okumuş, Orhan Arseven, Turhan Ece, Halim İşsever
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting results has been achieved in a small number of clinical studies evaluating the efficiency of magnesium sulphate (MS) in COPD exacerbations. We aimed to investigate the efficiency of nebulised MS in COPD exacerbations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who met the study criteria were randomized into two groups. All patients were treated with O2, antibiotics and oral corticosteroids. Additionally one group received ipratropium bromide (IB) 500 µg together with MS 151 mg/dose, while the other group received IB together with placebo...
March 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
D Drassinower, A M Friedman, S G Običan, H Levin, C Gyamfi-Bannerman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prolonged latency after preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) is associated with an increased risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of the randomised controlled trial of magnesium sulphate for the prevention of cerebral palsy. SETTING: Multicentre trial. POPULATION: A total of 1305 women with PPROM were analysed, 1056 of whom had an interval of <3 weeks between diagnosis and delivery and 249 of whom had an interval of ≥3 weeks between diagnosis and delivery...
September 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Fatima Hauwa Bello, Bilkisu B Maiha, Joseph A Anuka
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nymphaea lotus, which is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, enjoys a number of ethnomedical uses in Nigeria. Traditionally, the rhizomes of N. lotus are used to cure diarrhoea. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to evaluate the antidiarrhoeal activity of the methanol rhizome extract of N. lotus plant in laboratory animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extract was screened for activity against castor oil-induced diarrhoea and magnesium sulphate-induced diarrhoea as well as effect on gastric transit time in mice...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fernando Bril, Veronica Castro, Ignacio G Centurion, Jeronimo Espinosa, Guillermo A Keller, Claudio D Gonzalez, Maria C Soler Riera, Cristian L Saubidet, Guillermo Di Girolamo, Gervasio S Pujol, Paulino A Alvarez
AIM: Renal transplant patients are frequently subject to polypharmacy and drug-drug interactions. However, no previous study has systematically assessed the risk of drug interactions and Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) in this population. METHODS: A total of 138 consecutive adult kidney transplant recipients admitted to our hospital between August 2010 and February 2012 were prospectively and systematically assessed by our pharmacovigilance team, within 24 hours of admission, to identify potential drug-drug interactions and probable ADRs...
2016: Current Drug Safety
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"