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Cervical manipulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215058/effect-of-cervical-versus-thoracic-spinal-manipulation-on-peripheral-neural-features-and-grip-strength-in-subjects-with-chronic-mechanical-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Francisco Bautista-Aguirre, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Alberto M Heredia-Rizo, Juan J Boscá-Gandía, François Ricard, Cleofás Rodriguez-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cervical and thoracic spinal manipulative therapy has shown positive impact for relief of pain and improve function in non-specific mechanical neck pain. Several attempts have been made to compare their effectiveness although previous studies lacked a control group, assessed acute neck pain or combined thrust and nonthrust techniques. AIM: To compare the immediate effects of cervical and thoracic spinal thrust manipulations on mechanosensitivity of upper limb nerve trunks and grip strength in patients with chronic non-specific mechanical neck pain...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194135/inaccurate-saccades-and-enhanced-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-suppression-during-combined-eye-head-movements-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-possible-implications-for-cervical-vertigo
#2
Janine L Johnston, Pierre M Daye, Glen T D Thomson
BACKGROUND: The primate ocular motor system is designed to acquire peripheral targets of interest by coordinating visual, vestibular, and neck muscle activation signals. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is greatly reduced at the onset of large eye-head (gaze) saccades and resumes before the end of the saccades to stabilize eye-in-orbit and ensure accurate target acquisition. Previous studies have relied on manipulating head movements in normal individuals to study VOR suppression and gaze kinematics...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186477/bilateral-sagittal-split-mandibular-osteotomies-for-enhanced-exposure-of-the-anterior-cervical-spine-in-children-technical-note
#3
Michael Karsy, Neal Moores, Faizi Siddiqi, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Robert J Bollo
The bilateral sagittal split mandibular osteotomy (BSSMO), a common maxillofacial technique for expanding the oropharynx during treatment of micrognathia, is a rarely employed but useful adjunct to improve surgical access to the ventral cervical spine in children. Specifically, it provides enhanced exposure of the craniocervical junction in the context of midface hypoplasia, and of the subaxial cervical spine in children with severe kyphosis. The authors describe their technique for BSSMO and evaluate long-term outcomes in patients...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174410/-benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma-of-the-lung-report-of-a-case
#4
Takahiro Sawada, Satoshi Yamamoto, Hajime Sugihara, Akinori Iwasaki
A 71-year-old woman, in whom computed tomography revealed a solitary mass shadow at the base of the left lung, underwent resection of the mass. Histopathological examination showed estrogen receptor-positive leiomyoma cells growing in cords and mixed with glandular structures composed of alveolar cells. These findings led to a diagnosis of benign metastatic leiomyoma. Benign metastatic leiomyoma is a rare disease in which histologically benign uterine leiomyoma cells metastasize to different sites of the body...
February 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171776/adverse-events-associated-with-the-use-of-cervical-spine-manipulation-or-mobilization-and-patient-characteristics-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
H A Kranenburg, M A Schmitt, E J Puentedura, G J Luijckx, C P van der Schans
Cervical spinal manipulation (CSM) and cervical mobilization are frequently used in patients with neck pain and headache. Pre-manipulative cervical instability and arterial integrity tests appear to be unreliable in identifying patients at risk for adverse events. It would be valuable if patients at risk could be identified by specific characteristics during the preliminary screening. Objective was to identify characteristics of 1) patients, 2) practitioners, 3) treatment process and 4) adverse events (AE) occurring after CSM or cervical mobilization...
January 23, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167971/glucose-metabolic-changes-in-the-brain-and-muscles-of-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain-treated-by-spinal-manipulation-therapy-a-18-f-fdg-pet-study
#6
Akie Inami, Takeshi Ogura, Shoichi Watanuki, Md Mehedi Masud, Katsuhiko Shibuya, Masayasu Miyake, Rin Matsuda, Kotaro Hiraoka, Masatoshi Itoh, Arlan W Fuhr, Kazuhiko Yanai, Manabu Tashiro
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in brain and muscle glucose metabolism that are not yet known, using positron emission tomography with [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG PET). Methods. Twenty-one male volunteers were recruited for the present study. [(18)F]FDG PET scanning was performed twice on each subject: once after the spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) intervention (treatment condition) and once after resting (control condition). We performed the SMT intervention using an adjustment device...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161015/-electrophysiological-testing-in-spinal-cord-tumors
#7
REVIEW
N André-Obadia, F Mauguière
Evoked potentials (EPs) are useful to evaluate the functional impairment of motor and somatosensory pathways in spinal cord tumors. Conduction through pyramidal tracts is evaluated by motor EPs (MEPs) elicited by transcranial stimulation, magnetic for awake patients or electric in the operating room. Somatosensory EPs (SEPs) and laser EPs (LEPs) are complementary procedures to explore conduction in dorsal columns and spinothalamic tracts, respectively. MEPs as well as SEPs show conduction abnormalities in about 60% of cases with a sensitivity that increases up to 70% when both procedures are carried out...
February 1, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070268/a-systematic-review-of-thrust-manipulation-for-non-surgical-shoulder-conditions
#8
REVIEW
Amy L Minkalis, Robert D Vining, Cynthia R Long, Cheryl Hawk, Katie de Luca
PURPOSE: Although many conservative management options are available for patients with non-surgical shoulder conditions, there is little evidence of their effectiveness. This review investigated one manual therapy approach, thrust manipulation, as a treatment option. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from inception to March 2016: PubMed, PEDro, ICL, CINAHL, and AMED. Two independent reviewers conducted the screening process to determine article eligibility...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049488/intracellular-trafficking-and-cellular-uptake-mechanism-of-phbv-nanoparticles-for-targeted-delivery-in-epithelial-cell-lines
#9
Juan P Peñaloza, Valeria Márquez-Miranda, Mauricio Cabaña-Brunod, Rodrigo Reyes-Ramírez, Felipe M Llancalahuen, Cristian Vilos, Fernanda Maldonado-Biermann, Luis A Velásquez, Juan A Fuentes, Fernando D González-Nilo, Maité Rodríguez-Díaz, Carolina Otero
BACKGROUND: Nanotechnology is a science that involves imaging, measurement, modeling and a manipulation of matter at the nanometric scale. One application of this technology is drug delivery systems based on nanoparticles obtained from natural or synthetic sources. An example of these systems is synthetized from poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate), which is a biodegradable, biocompatible and a low production cost polymer. The aim of this work was to investigate the uptake mechanism of PHBV nanoparticles in two different epithelial cell lines (HeLa and SKOV-3)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035359/isg15-inhibits-cancer-cell-growth-and-promotes-apoptosis
#10
Mei-Juan Zhou, Fang-Zhi Chen, Han-Chun Chen, Xin-Xing Wan, Xi Zhou, Qian Fang, Dian-Zheng Zhang
Cervical cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality in women in developing countries. Interferon (IFN)-α has been widely used in the treatment of various types of cancer, including cervical cancer, and IFN-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15), an ubiquitin-like protein, is upregulated by IFN-α treatment. The anti-virus and antitumor effects of ISG15 have been reported; however, its mechanism of action have not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, HeLa cells were used as a model system to investigate the roles of ISG15 in IFN-α-mediated cancer cell growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis...
February 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999766/cerebral-hemorrhage-following-chiropractic-activator-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Fred L Cohen
Background Despite widespread utilization of chiropractic treatment for various ailments, there is a paucity of documentation regarding intracerebral hemorrhage related to chiropractic trauma. Stroke has been reported from cervical manipulation, although with a suggested low incidence. Activator treatment, an instrument that produces a high-velocity, low-amplitude impact to the spine, is considered especially safe. There are no prior reports of intracerebral hemorrhage resulting from a chiropractic activator treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974927/development-of-new-immunotherapy-treatments-in-different-cancer-types
#12
REVIEW
Stanculeanu Dl, Daniela Zob, Lazescu A, Bunghez R, Anghel R
Cancer immunotherapy involves the use of therapeutic modalities that determine a manipulation of the immune system by using immune agents such as cytokines, vaccines, cell therapies and humoral, transfection agents. Immunotherapy of cancer has to stimulate the host's anti-tumor response by increasing the effector cell number and the production of soluble mediators and decrease the host's suppressor mechanisms by inducing tumor killing environment and by modulating immune checkpoints. Immunotherapy seems to work better in more immunogenic tumors...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965530/the-effect-of-physical-therapy-treatment-in-patients-with-subjective-tinnitus-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Sarah Michiels, Sebastiaan Naessens, Paul Van de Heyning, Marc Braem, Corine M Visscher, Annick Gilles, Willem De Hertogh
Background: Tinnitus is a very common symptom that often causes distress and decreases the patient's quality of life. Apart from the well-known causes, tinnitus can in some cases be elicited by dysfunctions of the cervical spine or the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). To date however, it is unclear whether alleviation of these dysfunctions, by physical therapy treatment, also decreases the tinnitus complaints. Such physical therapy could be an interesting treatment option for patients that are now often left without treatment...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928678/usage-of-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-lng-ius-in-adolescence-what-is-the-evidence-so-far
#14
REVIEW
Magdalini Patseadou, Lina Michala
PURPOSE: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is an effective method of contraception, while also providing various non-contraceptive benefits. Although targeted primarily to adults, there is increasing experience in its use in adolescence. The aim of this review is to assess the available information on LNG-IUS usage in adolescence. METHODS: We conducted an online search on MEDLINE and SCOPUS from inception to May 24, 2015. All studies that examined LNG-IUS use in teen populations were eligible for inclusion...
December 7, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911127/immediate-and-lasting-effects-of-a-thoracic-spine-manipulation-in-a-patient-with-signs-of-cervical-radiculopathy-and-upper-extremity-hyperalgesia-a-case-report
#15
Beth K Deschenes, Jason Zafereo
Patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) may present with accompanying symptoms of hyperalgesia, allodynia, heaviness in the arm, and non-segmental pain that do not appear to be related to a peripheral spinal nerve. These findings may suggest the presence of central or autonomic nervous system involvement, requiring a modified management approach. The purpose of this case report is to describe the treatment of a patient with signs of CR and upper extremity (UE) hyperalgesia who had a significant decrease in her UE pain and hypersensitivity after a single thoracic spine manipulation (TSM)...
January 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890438/short-term-clinical-results-of-frozen-shoulder-treated-with-shoulder-manipulation-under-ultrasound-guided-cervical-nerve-root-block-at-outpatient-setting-a-case-series
#16
Tomohiro Saito, Hideyuki Sasanuma, Yuki Iijima, Yuji Kanaya, Toshihiro Saito, Hideaki Watanabe, Ichiro Kikkawa, Katsushi Takeshita
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the short-term clinical outcomes of frozen shoulder treatment via shoulder manipulation under ultrasound-guided cervical nerve root block (MUC). METHODS: This study included frozen shoulder patients who were unresponsive to conservative therapy for at least 6 months and were then treated with MUC. Patients with a rotator cuff tear, calcifying tendinitis, osteoarthritis, or any other shoulder disorder were excluded following X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884458/risk-of-carotid-stroke-after-chiropractic-care-a-population-based-case-crossover-study
#17
J David Cassidy, Eleanor Boyle, Pierre Côté, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Susan J Bondy, Scott Haldeman
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic manipulation is a popular treatment for neck pain and headache, but may increase the risk of cervical artery dissection and stroke. Patients with carotid artery dissection can present with neck pain and/or headache before experiencing a stroke. These are common symptoms seen by both chiropractors and primary care physicians (PCPs). We aimed to assess the risk of carotid artery stroke after chiropractic care by comparing association between chiropractic and PCP visits and subsequent stroke...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884333/c-spine-injury-and-mandibular-fractures-lifesaver-broken-in-two-spots
#18
Michael W Chu, Tahereh Soleimani, Tyler A Evans, Sarah I Fernandez, Leigh Spera, Carrie Klene, Ben L Zarzaur, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a leading cause of injury and mortality and may involve mandibular fractures and cervical spine injuries. Manipulation of the spine during trauma protocols and operative treatment has the potential to cause serious spinal cord injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with mandibular fractures. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (2007-2010) was used to identify patients with mandibular fractures...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826415/does-case-misclassification-threaten-the-validity-of-studies-investigating-the-relationship-between-neck-manipulation-and-vertebral-artery-dissection-stroke-no
#19
Donald R Murphy, Michael J Schneider, Stephen M Perle, Christopher G Bise, Michael Timko, Mitchell Haas
BACKGROUND: The purported relationship between cervical manipulative therapy (CMT) and stroke related to vertebral artery dissection (VAD) has been debated for several decades. A large number of publications, from case reports to case-control studies, have investigated this relationship. A recent article suggested that case misclassification in the case-control studies on this topic resulted in biased odds ratios in those studies. DISCUSSION: Given its rarity, the best epidemiologic research design for investigating the relationship between CMT and VAD is the case-control study...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825032/current-concepts-and-practical-techniques-of-nerve-sparing-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy
#20
REVIEW
Satoru Kyo, Tomoyasu Kato, Kentaro Nakayama
Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy has been widely performed for patients with early-stage cervical cancer. The operative techniques for nerve-sparing to avoid bladder dysfunction have been established during the past three decades in abdominal radical hysterectomy, but how these techniques can be applied to laparoscopic surgery has not been fully discussed. Prolonged operation time or decreased radicality due to less accessibility via a limited number of trocars may be a disadvantage of the laparoscopic approach, but the magnified visual field in laparoscopy may enable fine manipulation, especially for preserving autonomic nerve tracts...
December 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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