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Cervical manipulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932725/ileocolonic-transposition-esophagogastric-bypass-as-an-antireflux-treatment-for-corrosive-esophageal-injury
#1
Yuda Handaya, Mukhamad Sunardi
Because most surgeons perform an esophagectomy and colonic transposition as the main reconstruction method for patients with esophageal stenosis caused by swallowing corrosive materials, we report 2 cases in which ileocolonic transposition was used to treat such patients. Both patients displayed stenosis in the middle third of the esophagus. Their chief complaint was dysphagia. Ileocolonic transposition using vascularization of the Drummond and ileal arteries was followed by a prepared ileocolic graft by ligating ileocolic vessels...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917250/emerging-technologies-in-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#2
Lijun Ma, Lei Wang, Chia-Lin Tseng, Arjun Sahgal
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) stems from the initial developments of intra-cranial stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Despite similarity in their names and clinical goals of delivering a sufficiently high tumoricidal dose, maximal sparing of the surrounding normal tissues and a short treatment course, SBRT technologies have transformed from the early days of body frame-based treatments with X-ray verification to primarily image-guided procedures with cone-beam CT or stereoscopic X-ray systems and non-rigid body immo-bilization...
September 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912629/spinal-manipulation-does-not-affect-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-the-absence-of-neuromodulators-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Max K Jordon, Paul F Beattie, Sarah D'Urso, Sarah Scriven
BACKGROUND: Measurement of pressure pain threshold (PPT) is a way to determine one of the many potential treatment effects of spinal manipulative therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine how multiple spinal manipulations administered in a single-session affected PPTs at local and distal sites in asymptomatic individuals. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned into one of three groups: Group one (n = 18) received a lumbar manipulation followed by a cervical manipulation...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902345/cx32-suppresses-extrinsic-apoptosis-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells-via-the-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signalling-pathway
#4
Yongchang Lai, Lixia Fan, Yifan Zhao, Hui Ge, Xue Feng, Qin Wang, Xiaomin Zhang, Yuexia Peng, Xiyan Wang, Liang Tao
Tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) and TNF‑related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) usually trigger either survival or apoptosis signals in various cell types, and nuclear factor κB (NF‑κB) is a key factor that regulates their biological effects. Connexin 32 (Cx32) is a gap junction (GJ) protein that plays vital roles in tumourigenesis and tumour progression. Our previous study explored abnormal Cx32 expression in para‑nuclear areas, exacerbated prognostic parameters and suppressed streptonigrin/cisplatin-induced apoptosis in human cervical cancer (CaCx) cells...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885296/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-applying-a-force-to-c5-by-a-mechanically-assisted-instrument-mai-on-referred-pain-to-the-shoulder
#5
George M Hardas, George Ac Murrell
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of applying a force to C5 of the spine by a mechanically assisted instrument (MAI) in patients with referred shoulder pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Manipulating C5 of the spine is a chiropractic treatment for referred shoulder pain, there are no clinical trials evaluating its efficacy. Outcome measures were patient ranked questionnaires and independent examiner findings...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878485/non-surgical-relief-of-cervical-radiculopathy-through-reduction-of-forward-head-posture-and-restoration-of-cervical-lordosis-a-case-report
#6
Bret M Wickstrom, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case demonstrating the relief of cervical radiculopathy following the dramatic reduction of forward head posture and restoration of the cervical lordosis by use of a multi-modal rehabilitation program incorporating cervical extension traction. [Subject and Methods] A 31-year-old male patient presented with severe cervical radiculopathy and muscle weakness as well as neck pain. The patient had limited neck range of motion, and multiple positive orthopedic tests. Radiography revealed excessive forward head posture with a cervical kyphosis...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#7
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871033/reticulospinal-contributions-to-gross-hand-function-after-human-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Stuart N Baker, Monica A Perez
Multiple descending motor pathways likely contribute to the recovery of hand motor function following spinal cord injury (SCI). Reticulospinal neurons project to spinal motor neurons controlling hand muscles and extensively sprout into gray matter structures after SCI; therefore, it has been proposed that the reticulospinal tract is one of the descending motor pathways involved in recovery of hand function after injury. To test this hypothesis, we examined the StartReact response, an involuntary release of a planned movement via a startling stimulus that engages the reticulospinal tract, by measuring reaction times from electromyographic activity in an intrinsic finger muscle during three motor tasks requiring different degrees of hand dexterity: index finger abduction, a precision grip, and a power grip...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868195/spontaneous-resolved-cervical-spine-epidural-hematoma-a-case-report
#9
Arash Fattahi, Morteza Taheri
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine epidural hematomas (CSEH) are rare, and surgical intervention is typically required. Here, we present the rare case of a CSEH resulting from chiropractic manipulation successfully treated conservatively. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 44-year-old female with cervical myelopathy presented with a mild quadriparesis following manipulation by a chiropractor. Although magnetic resonance (MR) documented a CSEH, the lesion was treated nonsurgically as the patient refused operative intervention...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863201/cervical-artery-dissection-related-to-chiropractic-manipulation-one-institution-s-experience
#10
Kelly A Kennell, Megan M Daghfal, Shyam G Patel, Jeffery R DeSanto, G Scott Waterman, Raymond E Bertino
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of patients seen at a single institution who were diagnosed with a cervical vessel dissection related to chiropractic neck manipulation. METHODS: We identified cases through a retrospective chart review of patients seen between April 2008 and March 2012 who had a diagnosis of cervical artery dissection following a recent chiropractic manipulation. Relevant imaging studies were reviewed by a board-certified neuroradiologist to confirm the findings of a cervical artery dissection and stroke...
September 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#11
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806219/selective-activation-of-basal-forebrain-cholinergic-neurons-attenuates-polymicrobial-sepsis-induced-inflammation-via-the-cholinergic-anti-inflammatory-pathway
#12
Qian Zhai, Dengming Lai, Ping Cui, Rui Zhou, Qixing Chen, Jinchao Hou, Yunting Su, Libiao Pan, Hui Ye, Jing-Wei Zhao, Xiangming Fang
OBJECTIVES: Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons are proposed as a major neuromodulatory system in inflammatory modulation. However, the function of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons in sepsis is unknown, and the neural pathways underlying cholinergic anti-inflammation remain unexplored. DESIGN: Animal research. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male wild-type C57BL/6 mice and ChAT-ChR2-EYFP (ChAT) transgenic mice...
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803750/motor-cortex-and-spinal-cord-neuromodulation-promote-corticospinal-tract-axonal-outgrowth-and-motor-recovery-after-cervical-contusion-spinal-cord-injury
#13
N Zareen, M Shinozaki, D Ryan, H Alexander, A Amer, D Q Truong, N Khadka, A Sarkar, S Naeem, M Bikson, J H Martin
Cervical injuries are the most common form of SCI. In this study, we used a neuromodulatory approach to promote skilled movement recovery and repair of the corticospinal tract (CST) after a moderately severe C4 midline contusion in adult rats. We used bilateral epidural intermittent theta burst (iTBS) electrical stimulation of motor cortex to promote CST axonal sprouting and cathodal trans-spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) to enhance spinal cord activation to motor cortex stimulation after injury. We used Finite Element Method (FEM) modeling to direct tsDCS to the cervical enlargement...
August 10, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790213/-surgical-treatment-of-cervical-carotid-artery-aneurysm
#14
Ryo Hamasaki, Toshiharu Yanagisawa, Yusuke Takahashi, Hiroaki Shimizu
Cervical carotid aneurysms are rare, and surgical treatment should be planned for each patient. The authors report 9 cases of cervical carotid aneurysm in 9 patients(mean age, 53.7 years;5 men)who were treated surgically between 2005 and 2014. The aneurysm was located in the internal carotid artery in 6 patients, the common carotid artery in 2 patients, and the carotid bifurcation in 1 patient. Four aneurysms were recurrences after a previous endovascular intervention(parent artery coil embolization, covered stent placement, or stent with coil embolization)...
August 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767566/shi-style-cervical-manipulations-for-cervical-radiculopathy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xue-Jun Cui, Min Yao, Xiu-Lan Ye, Ping Wang, Wei-Hong Zhong, Rui-Chun Zhang, Hui-Ying Li, Zhi-Jun Hu, Zhan-Ying Tang, Wei-Min Wang, Wei-Ping Qiao, Yue-Li Sun, Jun Li, Yang Gao, Qi Shi, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of high-quality evidence supporting the use of manipulation therapy for patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Shi-style cervical manipulations (SCMs) versus mechanical cervical traction (MCT) for CR. METHODS: This was a randomized, open-label, controlled trial carried out at 5 hospitals in patients with CR for at least 2 weeks and neck pain. The patients received 6 treatments of SCM (n = 179) or MCT (n = 180) over 2 weeks...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761411/the-crossed-phrenic-phenomenon
#16
REVIEW
Michael George Zaki Ghali
The cervical spine is the most common site of traumatic vertebral column injuries. Respiratory insufficiency constitutes a significant proportion of the morbidity burden and is the most common cause of mortality in these patients. In seeking to enhance our capacity to treat specifically the respiratory dysfunction following spinal cord injury, investigators have studied the "crossed phrenic phenomenon", wherein contraction of a hemidiaphragm paralyzed by a complete hemisection of the ipsilateral cervical spinal cord above the phrenic nucleus can be induced by respiratory stressors and recovers spontaneously over time...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752624/paired-motor-cortex-and-cervical-epidural-electrical-stimulation-timed-to-converge-in-the-spinal-cord-promotes-lasting-increases-in-motor-responses
#17
Asht M Mishra, Ajay Pal, Disha Gupta, Jason B Carmel
KEY POINTS: Pairing motor cortex stimulation and spinal cord epidural stimulation produced large augmentation in motor cortex evoked potentials if they were timed to converge in the spinal cord. The modulation of cortical evoked potentials by spinal cord stimulation was largest when the spinal electrodes were placed over the dorsal root entry zone. Repeated pairing of motor cortex and spinal cord stimulation caused lasting increases in evoked potentials from both sites, but only if the time between the stimuli was optimal...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751235/laparoscopic-uterovaginal-anastomosis-for-cervical-agenesis-a-case-report
#18
Ameya Padmawar, Rizwana Syed, Suyash Naval
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate possibility of an innovative surgery for management of cervical agenesis. DESIGN: Step wise description of laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomosis. SETTING: Isolated cervical agenesis occurs in 1 in 80000 to 100000 births. According to the American Fertility Society, cervical agenesis should be classified as a type Ib müllerian anomaly. According to ESHRE/ESGE classification, it is classified in class C4 category...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750962/conservative-management-of-temporomandibular-dysfunction-a-literature-review-with-implications-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-narrative-review-part-2
#19
REVIEW
Raymond Butts, James Dunning, Ron Pavkovich, Jersey Mettille, Firas Mourad
The effective management of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) requires a thorough understanding of the pathoanatomic factors that drive the underlying condition. After reviewing the etiology associated with TMD in Part 1 of this narrative review, the temporomandibular joint capsule, articular disc and muscles of mastication emerged as key players. (http://dx.doi.org/10.​1016/​j.​jbmt.​2017.​05.​017) Part 2 focuses on conservative treatment strategies best able to reduce the pain and disability associated with TMD...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750504/does-myofascial-and-trigger-point-treatment-reduce-pain-and-analgesic-intake-in-patients-undergoing-onabotulinumtoxina-injection-due-to-chronic-intractable-migraine-a-pilot-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Christian Geroin, Nicola Valè, Fabio Marchioretto, Andrea Turrina, Eleonora Dimitrova, Stefano Tamburin, Anna Serina, Paola Castellazzi, Andrea Meschieri, François Ricard, Leopold Saltuari, Alessandro Picelli, Nicola Smania
BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine is a disabling disorder associated with myofascial and trigger point disorders in the neck. Pharmacological management is the first line of treatment; however, rehabilitation procedures aimed at lessening symptoms of myofascial and trigger point disorders may add value in the management of headache symptoms. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of myofascial and trigger point treatment in chronic migraine patients receiving prophylactic treatment with onabotulinumtoxinA...
July 27, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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