keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intestinal parasites

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646669/validation-of-a-commercial-kit-aimed-to-the-detection-of-pathogenic-anisakid-nematodes-in-fish-products
#1
Serena Cavallero, Alessandro Bruno, Enrico Arletti, Monica Caffara, Maria Letizia Fioravanti, Antonella Costa, Gaetano Cammilleri, Stefania Graci, Vincenzo Ferrantelli, Stefano D'Amelio
Anisakids are parasitic nematodes responsible for a zoonosis that occurs following the ingestion of fish and fish products infected with larvae belonging to the genera Anisakis and Pseudoterranova. Rarely Contracaecum is found in association with gastric/intestinal illness, while Hysterothylacium is commonly considered not pathogenic. Although Real Time PCR assays have been recently used with the aim to detect and quantify these parasites in food products, methods applied did not undergo through extensive validation process, a feature highly desirable or mandatory in the case of testing laboratories accredited for the ISO EN 17025:2005...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644743/sarcocystis-jamaicensis-n-sp-from-red-tailed-hawks-buteo-jamaicensis-definitive-host-and-ifn-%C3%AE-gene-knockout-mice-as-experimental-intermediate-host
#2
Shiv Verma, Alexa Rosypal Von Dohlen, J Mowery, D Scott, B Rosenthal, J P Dubey, David Lindsay
Here, we report a new species of Sarcocystis with red-tailed hawk (RTH) as the natural definitive host and IFN-γ gene knockout (KO) mice as an experimental intermediate host in which sarcocysts form in muscle. Two RTHs submitted to the Carolina Raptor Center, Huntersville, North Carolina, were euthanized because they could not be rehabilitated and released. Fully sporulated 12.5 x 9.9 m sized sporocysts were found in intestinal scrapings of both hawks. Sporocysts were orally fed to laboratory-reared outbred Swiss Webster mice (SW) (Mus musculus) and also to KO mice...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643684/-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-report-of-a-case-in-uruguay
#3
Matilde Boada, Sofía Grille, Andreina Brugnini, Natalia Trias, Cecilia Canesa, Lilián Díaz, Daniela Lens
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma belongs to the group of mature T-cell malignancies according to the WHO classification. It constitutes a rare entity and has a strong association with infection by human T-lymphotropic virus 1. In Uruguay, this viral infection is very infrequent and, to our knowledge, no case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma has been previously reported. We describe the case of a woman, immigrant from Peru, who presented with persistent lymphocytosis, intestinal parasitic diseases, and skin involvement...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641950/cholinergic-signaling-plasticity-maintains-viscerosensory-responses-during-aspiculuris-tetraptera-infection-in-mice-small-intestine
#4
Egina C Villalobos-Hernández, Carlos Barajas-López, Elizabeth A Martínez-Salazar, Roberto C Salgado-Delgado, Marcela Miranda-Morales
Intestinal parasites alter gastrointestinal (GI) functions like the cholinergic function. Aspiculuris tetraptera is a pinworm frequently observed in laboratory facilities, which infests the mice cecum and proximal colon. However, little is known about the impact of this infection on the GI sensitivity. Here, we investigated possible changes in spontaneous mesenteric nerve activity and on the mechanosensitivity function of worm-free regions of naturally infected mice with A. tetraptera. Infection increased the basal firing of mesenteric afferent nerves in jejunum...
June 3, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637530/characterization-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-ortleppascaris-sinensis-nematoda-heterocheilidae-and-comparative-mitogenomic-analysis-of-eighteen-ascaridida-nematodes
#5
J H Zhao, G J Tu, X B Wu, C P Li
Ortleppascaris sinensis (Nematoda: Ascaridida) is a dominant intestinal nematode of the captive Chinese alligator. However, the epidemiology, molecular ecology and population genetics of this parasite remain largely unexplored. In this study, the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome sequence of O. sinensis was first determined using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based primer-walking strategy, and this is also the first sequencing of the complete mitochondrial genome of a member of the genus Ortleppascaris...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634143/pcr-based-verification-of-positive-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-intestinal-protozoa-infections-with-variable-test-band-intensity
#6
Sören L Becker, Ivan Müller, Pascal Mertens, Mathias Herrmann, Leyli Zondie, Lindsey Beyleveld, Markus Gerber, Rosa du Randt, Uwe Pühse, Cheryl Walter, Jürg Utzinger
Stool-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for pathogenic intestinal protozoa (e.g. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia intestinalis) allow for prompt diagnosis and treatment in resource-constrained settings. Such RDTs can improve individual patient management and facilitate population-based screening programmes in areas without microbiological laboratories for confirmatory testing. However, RDTs are difficult to interpret in case of 'trace' results with faint test band intensities and little is known about whether such ambiguous results might indicate 'true' infections...
June 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633651/epidemiology-of-intestinal-helminthiasis-among-school-children-with-emphasis-on-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#7
Bereket Alemayehu, Zewdneh Tomass, Fiseha Wadilo, Dawit Leja, Song Liang, Berhanu Erko
BACKGROUND: Intestinal helminth infections are major parasitic diseases causing public health problems in Ethiopia. Although the epidemiology of these infections are well documented in Ethiopia, new transmission foci for schistosomiasis are being reported in different parts of the country. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni and other intestinal helminth infections among school children and determine the endemicity of schistosomiasis in Wolaita Zone, southern Ethiopia...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632749/using-a-health-rating-system-to-evaluate-the-usefulness-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-as-a-model-for-anthelmintic-study
#8
Kathryn J Weaver, Cassandra J May, Brian L Ellis
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are intestinal parasitic nematodes that infect humans, and are transmitted through contaminated soil. These nematodes include the large roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworm (Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Ancylostoma duodenale, and Necator americanus). Nearly 1.5 billion people (~24% of the population) worldwide are infected with at least one species of these parasites, burdening the poor, in particular, children and pregnant women. To combat these diseases, the WHO only recognizes four anthelmintic drugs, including the preferred drug, albendazole, for mass drug administration (MDA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631635/cytocentrifuged-biopsy-fixative-preparation-a-simple-cost-effective-technique-facilitating-microscopic-diagnosis-of-lumen-dwelling-intestinal-parasites
#9
Prashant Joshi, Prasenjit Das, Venkateswaran Iyer, Siddharth Datta Gupta
OBJECTIVE: Direct microscopic visualization is the most specific method for detecting intestinal parasites and is commonly achieved by stool examination or mucosal biopsy. However, postfixation, the intestinal biopsy fragment is often curled, and the entire surface of the biopsied mucosa is seldom viewed microscopically. Tissue processing further distorts morphology of the organisms and causes diagnostic difficulties. Examining multiple sections for parasite detection is time-consuming and often requires aid of special stains and/or immunohistochemistry...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628614/lamphimerus-a-novel-lamp-assay-for-detecting-amphimerus-sp-dna-in-human-stool-samples
#10
William Cevallos, Pedro Fernández-Soto, Manuel Calvopiña, Cristina Fontecha-Cuenca, Hiromu Sugiyama, Megumi Sato, Julio López Abán, Belén Vicente, Antonio Muro
BACKGROUND: Amphimeriasis is a fish-borne disease caused by the liver fluke Amphimerus spp. that has recently been reported as endemic in the tropical Pacific side of Ecuador with a high prevalence in humans and domestic animals. The diagnosis is based on the stool examination to identify parasite eggs, but it lacks sensitivity. Additionally, the morphology of the eggs may be confounded with other liver and intestinal flukes. No immunological or molecular methods have been developed to date...
June 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624295/molecular-characterization-of-sarcocystis-spp-in-intestine-mucosal-scrapings-and-fecal-samples-of-pampas-fox-lycalopex-gymnocercus
#11
Nathalia Paula Scioscia, María Laura Gos, Guillermo María Denegri, Gastón Moré
Sarcocystis spp. are obligatory intracellular protozoan parasites which can infect humans and animals. Most of Sarcocystis species were identified based on the detection of muscle cysts in different intermediate hosts (IH). Regarding to natural infection in definitive host, there are few reports which have reached to determining species of Sarcocystis. The present work was aimed to studying the occurrence of Sarcocystis spp. (oocysts and sporocysts) in mucosal scrapings of small intestine and fecal samples of one the most abundant wild canids from South America, Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas fox), and to identify the Sarcocystis spp...
June 14, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624132/schizogony-and-gametogony-of-oocyst-deficient-t-263-strain-of-toxoplasma-gondii
#12
J P Dubey
Oocysts are important stage for the spread of Toxoplasma gondii because they are environmentally resistant. Among all hosts of T. gondii, only felids can excrete oocysts. Cats that have excreted T. gondii oocysts after primary infection develop immunity to re-excretion of oocysts, and this immunity appears to be long-lasting. It would be desirable to have a non-infectious vaccine for the prevention of T. gondii infection in cats and to understand mechanism of immunity to excretion of oocysts. An initial step will be to indentify stage/stages of the parasite for induction of immunity...
May 27, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622778/-causes-of-iron-deficiency-in-children
#13
J-P Olives
Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are common conditions worldwide affecting especially children. In developing countries, iron deficiency is caused by poor iron intake and parasitic infection. Poor iron intake linked to inadequate diets, low iron intestinal absorption, chronic blood losses and increased requirements are common causes in high-income countries.
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622393/giardia-co-infection-promotes-the-secretion-of-antimicrobial-peptides-beta-defensin-2-and-trefoil-factor-3-and-attenuates-attaching-and-effacing-bacteria-induced-intestinal-disease
#14
Anna Manko, Jean-Paul Motta, James A Cotton, Troy Feener, Ayodele Oyeyemi, Bruce A Vallance, John L Wallace, Andre G Buret
Our understanding of polymicrobial gastrointestinal infections and their effects on host biology remains incompletely understood. Giardia duodenalis is an ubiquitous intestinal protozoan parasite infecting animals and humans. Concomitant infections with Giardia and other gastrointestinal pathogens commonly occur. In countries with poor sanitation, Giardia infection has been associated with decreased incidence of diarrheal disease and fever, and reduced serum inflammatory markers release, via mechanisms that remain obscure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621111/antiamoebic-activity-of-petiveria-alliacea-leaves-and-their-main-component-isoarborinol
#15
Lizeth Zavala Ocampo, Eva Aguirre HernÁndez, Nury Pérez HernÁndez, Gildardo Rivera SÁnchez, Laurence A Marchat, Esther Ramírez Moreno
Petiveria alliacea L. (Phytolacaceae) is a medicinal plant with a broad range of traditional therapeutic properties, including the treatment of dysentery and intestinal infections caused by protozoan parasites. However its effects against Entamoeba histolytica have not been reported yet. We here investigated the antiamoebic activity present in the leaves of P. alliacea L. Antiamoebic activity was evaluated in methanolic and aqueous extract, as well as in the hexanic, methanolic and EtOAc fractions. P. alliacea L...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620589/transcriptomic-profiling-of-high-density-giardia-foci-encysting-in-the-murine-proximal-intestine
#16
Jonathan K Pham, Christopher Nosala, Erica Y Scott, Kristofer F Nguyen, Kari D Hagen, Hannah N Starcevich, Scott C Dawson
Giardia is a highly prevalent, understudied protistan parasite causing significant diarrheal disease worldwide. Its life cycle consists of two stages: infectious cysts ingested from contaminated food or water sources, and motile trophozoites that colonize and attach to the gut epithelium, later encysting to form new cysts that are excreted into the environment. Current understanding of parasite physiology in the host is largely inferred from transcriptomic studies using Giardia grown axenically or in co-culture with mammalian cell lines...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617656/sarcocystis-pantherophis-n-sp-from-eastern-rat-snakes-pantherophis-alleghaniensis-definitive-hosts-and-interferon-gamma-gene-knockout-mice-as-experimental-intermediate-hosts
#17
Shiv Verma, David Lindsay, Joseph Mowery, Benjamin Rosenthal, J P Dubey
Here we report a new species, Sarcocystis pantherophisi n. sp. with the Eastern rat snake (Pantherophis alleghaniensis) as natural definitive host and the interferon gamma gene knockout (KO) mouse as the experimental intermediate host. Sporocysts (n = 15) from intestinal contents of the snake were 17.3 x 10.9 µm. Sporocysts were orally infective to interferon gamma KO mice but not to laboratory raised albino outbred house mice (Mus musculus). The interferon gamma KO mice developed schizont-associated neurological signs and schizonts were cultivated in vitro from the brain...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615884/intestinal-parasitic-infestation-among-paediatric-diarrhoea-patients-attending-hospitals-in-port-blair-andaman-and-nicobar-islands
#18
Ramanathan Thamizhmani, Attayur Purushottaman Sugunan, P Ramya Raghvan, Paluru Vijayachari
Acute childhood diarrhoea remains one of the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of various intestinal parasitic infestation among children aged 5 years and less suffering from acute diarrhoea disease attending hospitals in Andaman Islands. During the period from January 2012 to December 2013, a total of 675 acute diarrhoea patients were included in the study. Among these samples, 476 (70.5, 95 % CI 66.9, 73...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615871/morphometric-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-based-identification-of-ancylostoma-caninum-parasites-in-dog
#19
Harsimarandeep Singh Uppal, Mandeep Singh Bal, L D Singla, Paramjit Kaur, B S Sandhu
Ancylostoma caninum, a blood feeding nematode parasite (Family: Ancylostomatidae, Superfamily: Ancylostomatoidea) can cause anaemia, dark reddish-brown to black haemorrhagic diarrhoea, dehydration, wasting and deaths due to heavy blood loss. Adult hook worm parasites recovered from the intestine of a stray dog at the time of necropsy were identified as A. caninum based on morphological characters and morphometric observations involving scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Different developmental stages of hookworm eggs viz...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615867/first-record-of-a-rare-transversotrematid-cercaria-larva-trematoda-digenea-from-rajasthan-india-focus-on-seasonal-occurrence-and-host-specificity-of-diverse-cercariae
#20
Shanti Lal Choubisa, Vishva Jeet Jaroli, Zulfiya Sheikh
During the survey of freshwater snail hosts and their digenean larval trematode parasites, a rare cercaria larva belonging to family Transversotrematidae and subclass Digenea (Trematoda) was recovered from the snail species Melanoides striatella tuberculata inhabiting perennial Som river of Udaipur district, Rajasthan, India. More than 28 % mature specimens of these snails were found to be infected with transversotrematid cercaria larvae in the spring season. Body of this cercaria is large, bowl-shaped, biocellate, spinose, transparent and laterally extended having two pigmented eye spots, two hold fast organs extended from the junction of body and tail, large tail with two foliated furcal rami, and cyclocoel intestinal caeca...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
keyword
keyword
51047
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"