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Nurse practitioner policy

Madhav V Deo
A buzzword in Indian press and amongst the policy makers is that India is short of the WHO recommended doctor to population ratio of 1:1000. The recommendations were formulated to facilitate programs to achieve some of the health related UN-Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Infections and malnutrition, which can be comfortably handled by a basic MBBS doctor, were the dominant health issues at the time of the formulation of the MDGs. However, all countries worldwide are going through health epidemiological transition and health impact of the non-communicable disorders (NCDs) can be no more ignored even by the low income nations...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Doreen C Harper, Teena M McGuinness, Jean Johnson
BACKGROUND: The Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree positions nurse practitioners (NPs) and other advanced practice registered nurses, with clinical competencies similar to other disciplines requiring doctoral education (medicine, physical therapy, psychology, and pharmacy). In addition, all these disciplines also offer residencies. However, nursing is the only discipline that does not require a doctoral degree and/or have a systematic approach to residency training for advanced practice roles...
August 31, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Mary Raleigh, Helen Allan
AIM: To explore multiple perspectives on the use of physical assessment skills by Advanced Nurse Practitioners in the UK BACKGROUND: Physical assessment skills practices are embedded in advanced nursing practice roles in the UK. There is little evidence on how these skills are used by Advanced Nurse Practitioners' on the community. DESIGN: Case study METHODOLOGY AND METHODS: A qualitative interpretative single-embedded case study of 22 participants from South of England...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Grainne Lowe, Virginia Plummer, Leanne Boyd
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe the application of a change management theoretical framework in relation to nurse practitioner (NP) role integration.Methods A survey formed Phase 1 of a broader mixed-methods study to explore perceptions of the change process involved with integrating NPs into Australian health care settings. The stakeholder participants were NPs, nurse managers and nurse policy advisers.Results Key themes were identified adding information about how NPs, nurse managers and nurse policy advisers perceive the integration of NPs into Australian healthcare...
October 7, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Lorelli Nowell
AIM: This paper presents a discussion of the role of the philosophy of pragmatism in the integrated knowledge translation approach to research. DESIGN: Critical inquiry is used to discuss bringing pragmatic philosophy and the integrated knowledge translation approach to research together to advance nursing knowledge. METHODS: This paper draws from the literature written on the philosophy of pragmatism and from the current literature on knowledge translation...
November 2015: Nurs Open
Marketa Rejtar, Lee Ranstrom, Christina Allcox
Nurse practitioners (NPs) have been providing high-quality and safe patient care for a few decades, and evidence showing the extent of their impact is emerging. This article describes the implementation of a 24/7 NP patient care model on an inpatient pediatric general surgery service in a tertiary free-standing Children's Hospital in the Northeastern United States. The literature shows that there is limited evidence regarding NP models of care and their effect on patient outcomes. In response to policy changes leading to reduction of resident work hours and a more acute and complex inpatient pediatric general surgery patient population, our existing NP model evolved into a 24/7 NP Model in June 2011...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Catherine L Granger, Linda Denehy, Louisa Remedios, Sarah Retica, Pimsiri Phongpagdi, Nicholas Hart, Selina M Parry
RATIONALE: Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines recommend physical activity (physical activity) for people with lung cancer, however evidence has not translated into clinical practice and the majority of patients do not meet recommended activity levels. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors (barriers and enablers) that influence clinicians' translation of the physical activity guidelines into practice. METHODS: Qualitative study involving 17 participants (three respiratory physicians, two thoracic surgeons, two oncologists, two nurses, eight physical therapists) who were recruited using purposive sampling from five hospitals in Melbourne, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Nancy Carter, Esther Sangster-Gormley, Jenny Ploeg, Ruth Martin-Misener, Faith Donald, Abigail Wickson-Griffiths, Sharon Kaasalainen, Carrie McAiney, Kevin Brazil, Alan Taniguchi, Lori Schindel Martin
The aim of this paper is to explore the role and activities of nurse practitioners (NPs) working in long-term care (LTC) to understand concepts of access to primary care for residents. Utilizing the "FIT" framework developed by Penchanksy and Thomas, we used a directed content analysis method to analyze data from a pan-Canadian study of NPs in LTC. Individual and focus group interviews were conducted at four sites in western, central and eastern regions of Canada with 143 participants, including NPs, RNs, regulated and unregulated nursing staff, allied health professionals, physicians, administrators and directors and residents and family members...
2016: Nursing Leadership
Alice Travers, Vanessa Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Improving end of life care is a national imperative. Unsatisfactory care persists particularly in acute hospitals, with shortcomings, variability in communication and advance care planning identified as fundamental issues. This review explored the literature to identify what is known about the barriers to initiating end-of-life conversations with patients from the perspective of doctors and nurses in the acute hospital setting. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched for potentially relevant records published between 2008 and 2015...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Louise Byrne, Brenda Happell, Kerry Reid-Searl
Mental health policy includes a clear expectation that consumers will participate in all aspects of the design and delivery of mental health services. This edict has led to employment roles for people with lived experience of significant mental health challenges and service use. Despite the proliferation of these roles, research into factors impacting their success or otherwise is limited. This paper presents findings from a grounded theory study investigating the experiences of Lived Experience Practitioners in the context of their employment...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Sara Emamgholipour Sefiddashti, Mohammad Arab, Sadegh Ghazanfari, Zhila Kazemi, Satar Rezaei, Ali Kazemi Karyani
INTRODUCTION: Considering the scarcity of skilled workers in the health sector, the appropriate distribution of human resources in this sector is very important for improving people's health. Having information about the degree of equality in the distribution of health human resources and their time trends is necessary for better planning and efficient use of these resources. The aim of this study was to determine the trend of inequality in the allocation of human resources in the health sector in Tehran between 2007 and 2013...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Obiamaka Ojukwu, Dilisha Patel, Judith Stephenson, Beth Howden, Jill Shawe
BACKGROUND: Preconception health and care aims to reduce parental risk factors before pregnancy through health promotion and intervention. Little is known about the preconception interventions that general practitioners (GPs) provide. The aim of this study was to examine GPs' knowledge, attitudes, and views towards preconception health and care in the general practice setting. METHODS: As part of a large mixed-methods study to explore preconception care in England, we surveyed 1,173 women attending maternity units and GP services in London and interviewed women and health professionals...
September 20, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Sarah Kooienga, Reshmi L Singh
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing (ERx) is the ability for prescriber to send a digital prescription directly to a pharmacist through a dedicated secure network. A number of federally funded incentives such as the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) and Meaningful Use standards have led to ERx implementation. ERx is an integral part of primary care practice and today most community pharmacies are enabled to accept e-prescriptions. Little is known about the experience of rural pharmacists, primary care providers and patients regarding e-prescribing...
August 25, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
M Magalhães-Sant'Ana, S J More, D B Morton, A Hanlon
Ethics is key to the integrity of the veterinary profession. Despite its importance, there is a lack of applied research on the range of ethical challenges faced by veterinarians. A three round Policy Delphi with vignette methodology was used to record the diversity of views on ethical challenges faced by veterinary professionals in Ireland. Forty experts, comprising veterinary practitioners, inspectors and nurses, accepted to participate. In round 1, twenty vignettes describing a variety of ethically challenging veterinary scenarios were ranked in terms of ethical acceptability, reputational risk and perceived standards of practice...
September 9, 2016: Veterinary Record
Alison Wainwright, Tracy Klein, Chris Daly
In 2012, Canada passed legislation giving nurse practitioners (NPs) authority to prescribe controlled drugs and substances. Steps toward safe implementation by the nursing regulatory body in British Columbia included development of controlled drugs and substances prescribing competencies for use in educating and authorizing NPs for this new scope. In this article, we discuss the development and refinement of the competencies, specifically their application to nursing regulation in British Columbia. Methods include incorporation of the Competency Outcome Performance Assessment Model as a guiding theoretical framework...
August 29, 2016: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Vicky Bungay, Ingrid Handlovsky, J Craig Phillips, Cheryl Prescott
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine existing research literature to ascertain what is known about nursing practice in sexually transmitted infection (STI) care and identify promising research trends and limitations. BACKGROUND: STIs continue to be a significant public health concern with more than 357 million new cases occurring annually worldwide. Nurses are vital for the prevention and care of those affected. As nursing scope of practice is evolving, there is an urgent need to develop a baseline understanding of the state of nursing knowledge in STI care...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Linda L Lazure, Mary E Cramer, Katherine A Hoebelheinrich
Medicare patients seeking care from nurse practitioners (NPs) increased 15-fold from 1998 to 2010, and a 2.5-fold patient increase was recorded in states that have eased the regulatory environment for NPs. It is increasingly important that state regulatory and licensing boards-charged with protecting the public through the assurance of a qualified health-care workforce-examine whether their state regulatory environment restricts or promotes public access to quality health care. This article presents a case study of a statutory scope of practice credentialing review process for NPs in Nebraska...
May 2016: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Sarocha Chootipongchaivat, Varit Chantarastapornchit, Wantanee Kulpeng, Joyce Anne Ceria, Niña Isabelle Tolentino, Yot Teerawattananon
OBJECTIVE: Implementing national-level vaccination programs involves long-term investment, which can be a significant financial burden, particularly in resource-limited settings. Although many studies have assessed the economic impacts of providing vaccinations, evidence on the positive and negative implications of human resources for health (HRH) is still lacking. Therefore, this study aims to estimate the HRH impact of introducing pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) using a model-based economic evaluation...
September 14, 2016: Vaccine
Verena Schadewaldt, Elizabeth McInnes, Janet E Hiller, Anne Gardner
BACKGROUND: In 2010 policy changes were introduced to the Australian healthcare system that granted nurse practitioners access to the public health insurance scheme (Medicare) subject to a collaborative arrangement with a medical practitioner. These changes facilitated nurse practitioner practice in primary healthcare settings. This study investigated the experiences and perceptions of nurse practitioners and medical practitioners who worked together under the new policies and aimed to identify enablers of collaborative practice models...
2016: BMC Family Practice
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