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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145163/spread-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-harboring-integron-via-swine-farm-waste-water-treatment-plant
#1
Jin-Hyeong Park, Young-Ji Kim, Binn-Kim, Kun-Ho Seo
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) that release treated wastewater into the environment have emerged as a major threat to public health. In this study, we investigated Escherichia coli load and antibiotic-resistance profiles across different treatment processes at a swine farm WWTP. The frequency of the detection of class 1 and 2 integrons, and their association with antibiotic resistance, were also analyzed. Samples were obtained at each of five sampling sites that represented each processing step within the WWTP...
November 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145096/sulfaguanidine-cocrystals-synthesis-structural-characterization-and-their-antibacterial-and-hemolytic-analysis
#2
Syed Sibte Asghar Abidi, Yasser Azim, Shahper Nazeer Khan, Asad U Khan
Sulfaguanidine (SG), belongs to the class of sulfonamide drug used as an effective antibiotic. In the present work, using crystal engineering approach two novel cocrystals of SG were synthesized (SG-TBA and SG-PT) with thiobarbutaric acid (TBA) and 1,10-phenanthroline (PT), characterized by solid state techniques viz., powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144587/characterization-of-complex-heterogeneous-lipid-a-samples-using-hplc-ms-ms-technique-iii-positive-ion-mode-tandem-mass-spectrometry-to-reveal-phosphorylation-and-acylation-patterns-of-lipid-a
#3
Viktor Sándor, Anikó Kilár, Ferenc Kilár, Béla Kocsis, Ágnes Dörnyei
In this study, we report the detailed analysis of the fragmentation patterns of positively charged lipid A species based on their tandem mass spectra obtained under low-energy collision-induced dissociation conditions of an electrospray quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometers. The tandem mass spectrometry experiments were performed after the separation of the compounds with a reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography method. We found that both, phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated lipid A molecules can be readily ionized in the positive-ion mode by adduct formation with triethylamine added to the eluent...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144000/design-expression-and-evaluation-of-novel-chimeric-protein-constructed-from-colorectal-tumor-associated-antigen
#4
Ziba Veisi Malekshahi, Jafar Amani, Babak Negahdari, Masoumeh Rajabibazi, Walead Ebrahimizadeh
There were 134,000 new diagnosis and 49,000 deaths in 2016 due to colorectal cancer. Similar to most cancers, early diagnosis increases the chance of successful treatment. Detection of tumor-associated antigens or the immune response against such markers is one of the most common methods of diagnosis. In that regard, we aimed to design and express a chimeric protein from the most common tumor-associated antigens in colorectal cancer and assess its ability to detect the immune response in comparison with the parental tumor-associated antigens in patient's sera...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143727/characterization-of-clinically-isolated-thymidine-dependent-small-colony-variants-of-escherichia-coli-producing-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase
#5
Tatsuya Negishi, Takehisa Matsumoto, Kazuki Horiuchi, Eriko Kasuga, Tatsuya Natori, Mina Matsuoka, Naoko Ogiwara, Mitsutoshi Sugano, Takeshi Uehara, Noriyuki Nagano, Takayuki Honda
PURPOSE: Thymidine-dependent small-colony variants (TD-SCVs) are difficult to detect or test for antimicrobial susceptibility. We investigated the characteristics of clonal TD-SCVs of Escherichia coli, both with and without blaCTX-M-3, isolated from a patient. METHODOLOGY: Mutation in the thyA gene was analysed by sequencing, and morphological abnormalities in the colonies and cells of the isolates were examined. Additionally, conjugational transfer experiments were performed to prove the horizontal transferability of plasmids harbouring resistance genes...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142893/evaluation-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-detecting-coliform-bacteria-in-drinking-water-sources
#6
Bahram Nasr Isfahani, Hossein Fazeli, Zeinab Babaie, Farkhondeh Poursina, Sharareh Moghim, Meisam Rouzbahani
Background: Coliform bacteria are used as indicator organisms for detecting fecal pollution in water. Traditional methods including microbial culture tests in lactose-containing media and enzyme-based tests for the detection of β-galactosidase; however, these methods are time-consuming and less specific. The aim of this study was to evaluate polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detecting coliform. Materials and Methods: Totally, 100 of water samples from Isfahan drinking water source were collected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142823/investigation-of-useful-carbon-tracers-for-13-c-metabolic-flux-analysis-of-escherichia-coli-by-considering-five-experimentally-determined-flux-distributions
#7
Kousuke Maeda, Nobuyuki Okahashi, Yoshihiro Toya, Fumio Matsuda, Hiroshi Shimizu
The (13)C-MFA experiments require an optimal design since the precision or confidence intervals of the estimated flux levels depends on factors such as the composition of (13)C-labeled carbon sources, as well as the metabolic flux distribution of interest. In this study, useful compositions of (13)C-labeled glucose for (13)C-metabolic flux analysis ((13)C-MFA) of Escherichia coli are investigated using a computer simulation of the stable isotope labeling experiment. Following the generation of artificial mass spectra datasets of amino acid fragments using five literature-reported flux distributions of E...
December 2016: Metabolic Engineering Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142104/constraints-on-lateral-gene-transfer-in-promoting-fimbrial-usher-protein-diversity-and-function
#8
Christopher J Stubenrauch, Gordon Dougan, Trevor Lithgow, Eva Heinz
Fimbriae are long, adhesive structures widespread throughout members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. They are multimeric extrusions, which are moved out of the bacterial cell through an integral outer membrane protein called usher. The complex folding mechanics of the usher protein were recently revealed to be catalysed by the membrane-embedded translocation and assembly module (TAM). Here, we examine the diversity of usher proteins across a wide range of extraintestinal (ExPEC) and enteropathogenic (EPEC) Escherichia coli, and further focus on a so far undescribed chaperone-usher system, with this usher referred to as UshC...
November 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141959/an-integrative-strategy-to-identify-the-entire-protein-coding-potential-of-prokaryotic-genomes-by-proteogenomics
#9
Ulrich Omasits, Adithi R Varadarajan, Michael Schmid, Sandra Goetze, Damianos Melidis, Marc Bourqui, Olga Nikolayeva, Maxime Québatte, Andrea Patrignani, Christoph Dehio, Juerg E Frey, Mark D Robinson, Bernd Wollscheid, Christian H Ahrens
Accurate annotation of all protein-coding sequences (CDSs) is an essential prerequisite to fully exploit the rapidly growing repertoire of completely sequenced prokaryotic genomes. However, large discrepancies among the number of CDSs annotated by different resources, missed functional short open reading frames (sORFs), and overprediction of spurious ORFs represent serious limitations. Our strategy toward accurate and complete genome annotation consolidates CDSs from multiple reference annotation resources, ab initio gene prediction algorithms and in silico ORFs (a modified six-frame translation considering alternative start codons) in an integrated proteogenomics database (iPtgxDB) that covers the entire protein-coding potential of a prokaryotic genome...
November 15, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141957/adherent-invasive-escherichia-coli-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
REVIEW
Carolina Palmela, Caroline Chevarin, Zhilu Xu, Joana Torres, Gwladys Sevrin, Robert Hirten, Nicolas Barnich, Siew C Ng, Jean-Frederic Colombel
Intestinal microbiome dysbiosis has been consistently described in patients with IBD. In the last decades, Escherichia coli, and the adherent-invasive E coli (AIEC) pathotype in particular, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD. Since the discovery of AIEC, two decades ago, progress has been made in unravelling these bacteria characteristics and its interaction with the gut immune system. The mechanisms of adhesion of AIEC to intestinal epithelial cells (via FimH and cell adhesion molecule 6) and its ability to escape autophagy when inside macrophages are reviewed here...
November 15, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141754/effectiveness-of-the-hydrogen-sulfide-test-as-a-water-quality-indicator-for-diarrhea-risk-in-rural-bangladesh
#11
Mahfuza Islam, Ayse Ercumen, Abu Mohd Naser, Leanne Unicomb, Mahbubur Rahman, Benjamin F Arnold, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
Microbiological water quality is usually assessed by the identification of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a fecal indicator. The hydrogen sulfide (H2S) test is an inexpensive, easy-to-use, and portable alternative field-based water quality test. Our study evaluated the H2S test's effectiveness as a water quality indicator for diarrhea risk. Field workers collected stored drinking water samples for H2S analysis and detection of E. coli by membrane filtration and measured caregiver-reported diarrhea among children < 5 years in the same households 1 month later...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141752/differences-in-nutritional-and-health-status-in-school-children-from-the-highlands-and-lowlands-of-bolivia
#12
Graciela Terán, Washington Cuna, Froilán Brañez, Kristina E M Persson, Martín E Rottenberg, Susanne Nylén, Celeste Rodriguez
Children in the Bolivian Andes are exposed to endemic infections and meager nourishment, and live under poor hygienic conditions. The prevention of children malnutrition is a priority in many countries including Bolivia. In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. The weight, height, and hematological and biochemical parameters in blood, parasites in stool, and clinical information in 120 children from rural Taraco and in 96 from semi-urban Caranavi, both predominantly of Aymara ethnicity, were registered...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141637/molecules-produced-by-probiotics-prevent-enteric-colibacillosis-in-pigs
#13
Ricardo Nordeste, Akalate Tessema, Sapana Sharma, Zlatko Kovač, Chuan Wang, Rocio Morales, Mansel William Griffiths
BACKGROUND: With the advent of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens, novel methods to combat infectious diseases are being sought. Among these, probiotics have been proposed as a means of promoting animal health but problems with their use has been reported. Research has demonstrated that bioactive molecules produced during the growth of certain probiotics interfere with bacterial cell-to-cell communication, which consequently results in an attenuation of virulence in a number of pathogens, including E...
November 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141238/rationale-redesign-of-type-iii-secretion-systems-toward-the-development-of-non-pathogenic-e-coli-for-in-vivo-delivery-of-therapeutic-payloads
#14
REVIEW
Coral González-Prieto, Cammie F Lesser
Transkingdom secretion systems that bacteria use to inject proteins directly into the cytosol of mammalian host cells play an essential role in the virulence of many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. Current efforts are underway to repurpose these machines as novel therapeutics; type III secretion systems as vectors for the delivery of proteins of therapeutic value including heterologous antigens for vaccine development and type IV secretion systems as vectors for DNA. While initial studies focused on the use of attenuated or replication incompetent pathogens, the recent development of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli that encode programmable type III secretion systems expands possibilities for the in vivo directed delivery of therapeutic payloads...
November 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141107/metal-transformation-as-a-strategy-for-bacterial-detoxification-of-heavy-metals
#15
Ashraf M M Essa, Mohamed A Al Abboud, Sayeed I Khatib
Microorganisms can modify the chemical and physical characters of metals leading to an alteration in their speciation, mobility, and toxicity. Aqueous heavy metals solutions (Hg, Cd, Pb, Ag, Cu, and Zn) were treated with the volatile metabolic products (VMPs) of Escherichia coli Z3 for 24 h using aerobic bioreactor. The effect of the metals treated with VMPs in comparison to the untreated metals on the growth of E. coli S1 and Staphylococcus aureus S2 (local isolates) was examined. Moreover, the toxic properties of the treated and untreated metals were monitored using minimum inhibitory concentration assay...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141051/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-norway-2007-to-2014
#16
Ørjan Samuelsen, Søren Overballe-Petersen, Jørgen Vildershøj Bjørnholt, Sylvain Brisse, Michel Doumith, Neil Woodford, Katie L Hopkins, Bettina Aasnæs, Bjørg Haldorsen, Arnfinn Sundsfjord
The prevalence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is increasing worldwide. Here we present associated patient data and molecular, epidemiological and phenotypic characteristics of all CPE isolates in Norway from 2007 to 2014 confirmed at the Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Detection of Antimicrobial Resistance. All confirmed CPE isolates were characterized pheno- and genotypically, including by whole genome sequencing (WGS). Patient data were reviewed retrospectively. In total 59 CPE isolates were identified from 53 patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140975/natural-variation-of-a-sensor-kinase-controlling-a-conserved-stress-response-pathway-in-escherichia-coli
#17
Manuela Roggiani, Srujana S Yadavalli, Mark Goulian
Previous studies have shown that exponentially growing Escherichia coli can detect mild acidity (~pH 5.5) and, in response, synthesize enzymes that protect against severe acid shock. This adaptation is controlled by the EvgS/EvgA phosphorelay, a signal transduction system present in virtually every E. coli isolate whose genome has been sequenced. Here we show that, despite this high level of conservation, the EvgS/EvgA system displays a surprising natural variation in pH-sensing capacity, with some strains entirely non-responsive to low pH stimulus...
November 15, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140786/selection-of-an-anticalin%C3%A2-against-the-membrane-form-of-hsp70-via-bacterial-surface-display-and-its-theranostic-application-in-tumour-models
#18
Lars Friedrich, Petra Kornberger, Claudia T Mendler, Gabriele Multhoff, Markus Schwaiger, Arne Skerra
We describe the selection of Anticalins against a common tumour surface antigen, human Hsp70, using functional display on live E. coli cells as fusion with a truncated EspP autotransporter. While found intracellularly in normal cells, Hsp70 is frequently exposed in a membrane-bound state on the surface of tumour cells and, even more pronounced, in metastases or after radiochemotherapy. Employing a recombinant Hsp70 fragment comprising residues 383-548 as target, Anticalins were selected from a naive bacterial library...
November 27, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140746/inactivation-kinetics-of-pathogens-during-thermal-processing-in-acidified-broth-and-tomato-pur%C3%A3-e-ph-4-5
#19
Evann L Dufort, Jonathan Sogin, Mark R Etzel, Barbara H Ingham
Thermal inactivation kinetics for single strains of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica were measured in acidified tryptic soy broth (TSB; pH 4.5) heated at 54°C. Inactivation curves also were measured for single-pathogen five-strain cocktails of E. coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes, and S. enterica heated in tomato purée (pH 4.5) at 52, 54, 56, and 58°C. Inactivation curves were fit using log-linear and nonlinear (Weibull) models. The Weibull model yields the time for a 5-log reduction (t*) and a curve shape parameter (β)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140745/passage-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli-subtypes-through-0-45-and-0-65-micrometer-pore-size-nitrocellulose-filters
#20
Mark E Berrang, Richard J Meinersmann, Nelson A Cox
Campylobacter can be difficult to recover from complex samples due to overgrowth by background bacteria. A 0.45- or 0.65-μm-pore-size filter overlaid on agar plates can be used as a means to separate Campylobacter from confounding non-Campylobacter cells, facilitating detection on solid plating media. It is unclear what percentage of cells in a Campylobacter suspension passes through a filter and results in visible colonies. The objective of this study was to compare the number of Campylobacter cells detected by the filter method with those detected by direct plating and determine if the filter method can be used to estimate cellular density of an unknown Campylobacter in suspension...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
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