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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212886/primary-ameloblastoma-of-the-temporal-bone
#1
Andro Košec, Jakov Ajduk, Mihael Ries, Robert Trotić
Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive tumor derived from odontogenic epithelium. Although benign, its clinical behavior can often exhibit malignant characteristics. It is marked by slow and persistent growth with infiltration of adjacent tissues. Almost 70% occur in the mandible in patients older than 30 years. Recurrence of ameloblastoma from inadequate treatment is frequent. Because of its slow growth, recurrences can present decades after primary surgery. A primary ameloblastoma in an area outside the mandibular, maxillary, and infratemporal fossa regions has not been described in detail to date, with only 1 possible case mentioned in the literature...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207624/combined-intratympanic-and-systemic-use-of-steroids-as-a-first-line-treatment-for-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Xue Han, Xiao Yin, Xiaodong Du, Changling Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of combination therapy (combined intratympanic and systemic use of steroids, CT) with systemic steroid therapy (SST) as a primary treatment for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). METHODS: An electronic database search (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and CNKI databases) was performed. Review Manger 5.3 was used for data synthesis. Data were collected on the following outcomes of interest: the proportion of patients with hearing improvement, changes in pure tone averages (PTA), and speech discrimination score (SDS)...
February 15, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177591/insulin-effect-on-hearing-recovery-in-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-retrospective-study-of-145-patients
#3
O H Ryu, J R Chao, M G Choi, C Kim, J-G Suh, Y Y Kim, C H Park, H-J Kim, J H Lee
1.We compared the hearing results of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) in normoglycemic patients versus those with pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus (DM), including demographics and the impact of insulin administration. 2.The success rate for return of hearing in patients with DM was very high (80.0%) contrary to very low success rate for patients with pre-diabetes (38.2%). 3.High SD and MAGE in DM group could be explained by the effect of insulin and steroid treatment. 4.We believe the best explanation for the salutary impact of administration of insulin on hearing return was through reversal of ischemia 5...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163314/a-narrative-review-of-obesity-and-hearing-loss
#4
REVIEW
N Dhanda, S Taheri
The comorbidities related to obesity are both extensive and established, but as the prevalence of obesity increases globally, so to do the number of its associated conditions. The relationship between hearing impairment and obesity is a relatively recent research interest, but significant as both conditions have the ability to substantially reduce an individual's quality of life both physically and psychologically. Obesity has a significant effect on vascular function and this may impact highly vascular organs such as the auditory system...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159388/correlation-between-auditory-brainstem-response-and-hearing-prognosis-in-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-patients
#5
Hung-Che Lin, Yu-Ching Chou, Chih-Hung Wang, Li-Wen Hung, Cheng-Ping Shih, Bor-Hwang Kang, Wen-Ying Yeh, Hsin-Chien Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the latency and amplitude of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and hearing prognosis in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). METHODS: Patients with ISSNHL were classified into four different recovery groups. All patients' clinical and demographic features were analyzed. Two-channel ABRs were collected in response to click stimuli at 90dB nHL. ABR amplitudes for wave I and ABR latency for waves I, III, and V were analyzed...
January 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104012/-simultaneous-triple-semicircular-canal-plugging-and-cochlear-implantation-in-advanced-meniere-s-disease
#6
D G Zhang, L Xu, Y C Han, Y F Lyu, J F Luo, Y W Li, R J Wang, Z M Fan, H B Wang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of combining simultaneous triple semicircular canal plugging (TSCP) and cochlear implantation (CI) to treat vertigo and hearing loss in advanced Meniere's disease(MD) patients, so as to provide an alternative surgical procedure for treating this disorder. Methods: Data from seven patients, who were referred to our hospital and diagnosed with unilateral MD strictly meeting the criteria issued by Chinese Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee (2006), from Jan...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049117/rare-cause-of-bilateral-sudden-deafness
#7
F I Vos, P Merkus, E B J van Nieuwkerk, E F Hensen
In this paper, we describe the case of a 62-year-old female with recurring episodes of sudden deafness with vertigo and facial paresis. Within a month's time, this resulted in bilateral deafness and vestibular areflexia. Erroneously, the patient was diagnosed with sudden deafness of unknown origin and subsequently with neuroborreliosis (Lyme disease). The true diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis (RP) was revealed 9 months after initial presentation. The diagnostic delay is in part explained by the fact that, by definition, the disease has to relapse before the diagnosis can be made, but also by its pluriform clinical presentation...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018692/sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-the-only-hearing-ear-large-vestibular-aqueduct-syndrome
#8
Kemal Koray Bal, Onur Ismi, Helen Bucioglu, Yusuf Vayısoğlu, Kemal Gorur
Sudden hearing loss in the only hearing ear cases are rarely published in the English literature; most of the cases are idiopathic. It is an otologic emergency needing urgent treatment. Delayed diagnosis can interfere with patient's social life with interrupting the verbal communication. In this case report we presented a 33-year-old female patient having sudden sensorineural hearing loss in the only hearing ear diagnosed as bilateral large vestibular aqueduct syndrome.
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010677/cochlear-implantation-in-chronic-demyelinating-inflammatory-polyneuropathy
#9
Sarah E Mowry, Sarah King
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CDIP) with bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss who subsequently benefited from unilateral cochlear implantation. METHODS: case history review and review of the literature for the terms CDIP, hearing loss, cochleovestibular dysfunction, and cochlear implantation. RESULTS: A 49-year-old woman presented with bilateral rapidly progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) 1 month after an upper respiratory tract infection...
December 23, 2016: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995210/sudden-bilateral-hearing-loss-after-organophosphate-inhalation
#10
Mehmet Akif Dundar, Serhan Derin, Mitat Aricigil, Mehmet Akif Eryilmaz
Sudden bilateral hearing loss are seen rarely and the toxic substance exposure constitutes a small part of etiology. A Fifty-eight-year-old woman admitted to our clinic with sudden bilateral hearing loss shortly after chlorpyrifos-ethyl exposure. Otolaryngologic examination findings were normal. The patient had 40 dB sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) on the right ear and 48 dB SNHL on the left ear. Additional diagnostic tests were normal. The conventional treatment for sudden hearing loss was performed. On the second week following organophosphate (OP) exposure the patient's hearing loss almost completely resolved...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983901/the-importance-of-the-first-three-days-and-other-diagnostic-indicators-in-sudden-hearing-loss
#11
Gökhan Tüzemen, Fikret Kasapoğlu, İbrahim Hızalan, Metin Yüksel Akyıldız
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare different therapy methods used for sudden sensorineural hearing losses, to determine the prognostic factors and particularly to investigate the importance of starting the therapy within the first three days of the prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 2008, the files of 213 patients who were treated in our clinic were reviewed. A total of 155 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study...
November 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964845/intratympanic-steroid-injection-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-sudden-hearing-loss
#12
Filiz Gülüstan, Zahide Mine Yazıcı, Wesam M E Alakhras, Omer Erdur, Harun Acipayam, Levent Kufeciler, Fatma Tulin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Controversy surrounds the use of salvage therapies to treat sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), with no consensus on recommendations. While several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of intratympanic administration of steroids (ITS) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment, few have compared the efficacy of ITS and HBO therapy in patients with refractory SSNHL. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficiency of ITS and HBO therapy in patients with refractory SSNHL...
November 22, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929596/primary-solitary-intralabyrinthine-schwannoma-a-report-of-7-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Avi Shupak, Yehuda Holdstein, Margalit Kaminer, Itzhak Braverman
Intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILSs) are uncommon benign tumors that originate in the Schwann cell sheath of the intralabyrinthine distal branches of the vestibulocochlear nerve. They have no initial involvement in the internal auditory canal, although that might develop later. These lesions can arise inside the cochlea, originate in the vestibule or, in rare cases, develop in the semicircular canals. From these sites, spread might take place via the anatomic connections between the perilymphatic spaces in the scala vestibuli and the anterior vestibule...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921520/a-comparison-between-systemic-and-intratympanic-steroid-therapies-as-initial-therapy-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-meta-analysis
#14
Qingfen Qiang, Xuewen Wu, Tao Yang, Chunguang Yang, Hong Sun
CONCLUSIONS: Intratympanic steroid (ITS) treatment groups exhibited better outcomes in PTA improvement and recovery rate than systemic steroid therapy (SST) groups. Whether initial hearing loss severity would influence the PTA improvement and recovery rate still requires further research. OBJECTIVE: This article was aimed at evaluating whether intratympanic steroid (ITS) treatment would provide benefits over systemic steroid therapy (SST) as initial therapy in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL)...
December 6, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917721/prognostic-factors-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-and-intravenous-steroids
#15
S Hosokawa, K Sugiyama, G Takahashi, S Takebayashi, H Mineta
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prognosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss when treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy and intravenous steroids. METHODS: The clinical data for 334 patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss treated by hyperbaric oxygen therapy and intravenous steroids at our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. These data included the initial averaged five-frequency hearing level, patient age, interval between onset of symptoms and treatment, vertigo as a complication, and co-existence of diabetes mellitus...
January 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913750/congenital-heart-block-and-immune-mediated-sensorineural-hearing-loss-possible-cross-reactivity-of-immune-response
#16
C Bason, I Pagnini, A Brucato, S Maestroni, A Puccetti, C Lunardi, R Cimaz
Immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss may complicate systemic autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported the presence of antibodies directed against inner ear antigens in patients with Cogan syndrome, a disease characterized by sudden hearing loss and interstitial keratitis. Such autoantibodies cross-react with an epitope of SSA/Ro60 protein. Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies in pregnant women cross the placenta and reach the fetal tissues inducing an immune-mediated damage of the cardiac conduction system...
December 2, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895287/sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-is-there-a-connection-with-inner-ear-electrolytic-disorders-a-literature-review
#17
EDITORIAL
Andrea Ciorba, Virginia Corazzi, Chiara Bianchini, Claudia Aimoni, Henryk Skarzynski, Piotr Henryk Skarzynski, Stavros Hatzopoulos
Electrolytic disorders of the inner ear represent a model that could be implicated in partially explaining the pathogenesis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Different types of electrolytes and different inner-ear loci are involved in cochlear homeostasis physiologically, to ensure the maintenance of an ion-balanced cochlear environment allowing a normal hair cell function. It has been hypothesized that a sudden loss of endocochlear potential, due to a rapid disruption of the inner ear fluid osmolality, could be responsible for a deterioration of the hearing function caused by damaged hair cells...
December 2016: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861924/intratympanic-dexamethasone-in-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Nagi G El Sabbagh, Maida J Sewitch, Aren Bezdjian, Sam J Daniel
OBJECTIVE: Systemic dexamethasone has demonstrated conclusive benefits in reversing sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) despite considerable number of potential side effects. In contrast, the intratympanic route of steroid administration averts several possible complications. This study aims to examine the literature to delineate the efficacy and side effect of intratympanic dexamethasone (ITD) injection for the treatment of SSNHL. DATA SOURCE: Cochrane, Embase, and MEDLINE electronic databases from January 1950 to August 2014, with an update performed on November 10, 2014...
November 15, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846752/chronic-cerebrospinal-venous-insufficiency-as-a-cause-of-inner-ear-diseases
#19
Giuseppe Attanasio, Laura Cagnoni, Eleonora Masci, Francesco Ciciarello, Francesco Diaferia, Aldo Bruno, Antonio Greco, Marco De Vincentiis
CONCLUSION: The present study confirms a correlation between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) diagnosis and Ménière's disease (MD). CCSVI could be considered a new ultrasound vascular pattern of the cerebrospinal venous system in patients affected by definite MD. Conversely, the present results showed that CCSVI cannot be considered a pathogenic mechanism for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between CCSVI and MD and to evaluate if CCSVI can be considered a risk factor also for ISSNHL...
November 16, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846039/activation-of-igf1-signaling-in-the-cochlea-induces-the-transcription-of-its-mediators-during-the-protection-of-cochlear-hair-cells-against-aminoglycoside
#20
Yushi Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Takayuki Nakagawa, Koichi Omori, Juichi Ito
HYPOTHESIS: Transcription of the Erk and Akt genes and phosphorylation of their products are promoted by insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) during hair cell protection. BACKGROUND: IGF1 protects mammalian hair cells in animal models from various types of damage, including aminoglycoside. Moreover, clinical trials have revealed that IGF1 was effective for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. In this process, activation of the downstream of IGF1 signaling, including the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and AKT proteins, is involved...
November 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
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