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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778054/at-risk-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-in-a-university-student-cohort
#1
Ida S Haussleiter, Sandra Lorek, Eike Zeschel, Svenja Mattausch, Milena Meyers, Georg Juckel
To assess the occurrence and frequency of bipolar at-risk symptoms in a large sample of previously undiagnosed students using the new screening tool Bochumer Screeningbogen Bipolar (BSB). 2329 students of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany completed online demographic data as well as various self-rating questionnaires (BSB; Hypomania Checklist 32; Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale; Beck Depression Inventory). Within the student cohort (64.4% female, mean age 24.3 years) every fifth student currently suffered from moderate to severe depressive symptoms; every sixth student had already thought about suicide and every other student reported a history of mood swings...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778050/the-association-between-ptsd-and-facial-affect-recognition
#2
Christian L Williams, Melissa E Milanak, Matt R Judah, Howard Berenbaum
The major aims of this study were to examine how, if at all, having higher levels of PTSD would be associated with performance on a facial affect recognition task in which facial expressions of emotion are superimposed on emotionally valenced, non-face images. College students with trauma histories (N = 90) completed a facial affect recognition task as well as measures of exposure to traumatic events, and PTSD symptoms. When the face and context matched, participants with higher levels of PTSD were significantly more accurate...
May 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778000/anxiety-moderates-the-effects-of-stressor-controllability-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-distress-following-aversive-exposure-an-experimental-investigation
#3
Lillian Le, Michelle Moulds, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests that the effectiveness of cognitive reappraisal (CR) depends on different factors, including the individual's psychological wellbeing (e.g., level of anxiety) and the context in which the strategy is used (e.g., stressor controllability). The present study aimed to investigate the emotional (negative affect) and physiological (skin conductance levels) effects of emotion regulation following exposure to controllable versus uncontrollable stress...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777990/delayed-school-start-time-is-associated-with-better-sleep-daytime-functioning-and-life-satisfaction-in-residential-high-school-students
#4
Christian S Chan, Cyanea Y S Poon, Jacklyn C Y Leung, Kristy N T Lau, Esther Y Y Lau
The effects of a delayed school start time by one hour were examined at a boarding school in Hong Kong. Two cohorts of high school students (N = 228; 61.8% female) were recruited respectively before and after a school start time changed from 7:30am to 8:30am. Both cross-cohort and within-cohort longitudinal comparisons yielded significant increase in total sleep time. Cross-cohort comparison yielded improvement in sleep quality, insomnia, life satisfaction, and psychological distress. Longitudinal data suggested that the longer the additional sleep time, the better was sleep quality, day-time functioning, and subjective wellbeing...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777851/point-of-care-ultrasound-performed-by-a-medical-student-compared-to-physical-examination-by-vascular-surgeons-in-the-detection-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#5
Trinh Mai, Michael Y Woo, Kim Boles, Prasad Jetty
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test characteristics of point-of-care ultrasonography performed by a medical student versus physical examination by vascular surgeons compared to a gold standard reference scan for the detection of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observer-blinded study recruiting patients from an outpatient vascular surgery clinic. Participants were screened for abdominal aortic aneurysms by standardized physical examination by a blinded vascular surgeon, followed by a point-of-care ultrasound examination by a blinded medical student...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777778/anterior-approach-in-humeral-plating-osteosynthesis
#6
Daniel Handy Eone, Prudence Christelle Danielle Ngono, Marie Josée Essi, Gaël Leckpa, Kennedy Olivier Muluem, Farikou Ibrahima, Maurice Aurélien Sosso
CONTEXT: Humeral plating osteosynthesis is controversial, particularly regarding the choice between anterior and lateral approach, data for which in the context of a low-income country are lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The anterior approach is an easy surgical technique, allowing good anatomic reconstruction. We hypothesize that the anterior approach is associated with fewer neurovascular lesions and functional sequelae than the lateral approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study with assessment update was carried out over a period of 6 years 4 months from January 2010 to June 2016, with consecutive recruitment in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon...
May 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777748/a-brief-practical-review-of-size-exclusion-chromatography-rules-of-thumb-limitations-and-troubleshooting
#7
REVIEW
Richard R Burgess
Through years of research, teaching, troubleshooting, and editing, I have developed a solid working understanding of many aspects of protein purification and protein biochemistry. I have also found that many researchers do not understand the basics, let alone the pitfalls, of the techniques they use. In the case of size exclusion chromatography (SEC), I summarize below some of the rules of thumb, suggestions, limitations and troubleshooting I have found most useful in helping my students and colleagues carry out successful SEC...
May 16, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777609/evaluation-of-the-clinical-learning-experience-of-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#8
Elena Gurková, Katarína Žiaková
The purpose of the cross-sectional descriptive study was to explore and compare the students' experiences of the clinical environment and supervision in Slovakia. Students' clinical learning experience were measured by the valid and reliable clinical learning instrument. A higher frequency of successful supervisory experience was found in the universities which provided accredited mentor preparation programmes or courses and individualised supervisory approaches. Frequency of supervision meetings, the occupational title of a supervisor and mainly the supervision model have an association with students 'perceptions of different domains of clinical learning environment...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777413/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-the-college-mental-health-setting
#9
REVIEW
Claire M Brickell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on college students is not well studied, and there is currently little data about its phenomenology or treatment in this population. We review the available literature regarding evidence-based treatment for BPD on college campuses, as well as best-practice guidelines for the treatment of mental illness in the college setting. Diagnostic disclosure and psychoeducation are proposed as practical first steps in improving the treatment landscape...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777391/shaping-ability-of-reciprocating-single-file-systems-in-severely-curved-canals-waveone-and-reciproc-versus-waveone-gold-and-reciproc-blue
#10
Sebastian Bürklein, Stefanie Flüch, Edgar Schäfer
The aim was to compare the canal straightening of M-wire [Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany) and WaveOne (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland)] and gold- and blue-wire heat-treated [Reciproc blue (VDW) and WaveOne Gold (Dentsply Maillefer)] instruments in severely curved root canals. A total of 80 root canals in extracted human teeth with angles of curvatures ranging between 25° and 35° and radii ranging between 3.1 and 8.5 mm were divided into four groups (n = 20). Based on radiographs taken prior to instrumentation, the groups were balanced with respect to the angle and the radius of canal curvature (P = 1...
May 18, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777356/visuospatial-abilities-and-fine-motor-experiences-influence-acquisition-and-maintenance-of-fundamentals-of-laparoscopic-surgery-fls-task-performance
#11
Cuan M Harrington, Patrick Dicker, Oscar Traynor, Dara O Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery poses a unique learning curve due to the requirement for non-intuitive psychomotor skills. The fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) program trains and certifies residents in such skills. However, innate predictors of FLS performance and maintenance remain to be described. This single-centre observational study aimed to assess for candidate factors influencing the acquisition and maintenance of FLS performance amongst a surgically naïve cohort...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777271/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-in-a-single-saudi-centre-king-faisal-specialists-hospital-and-research-centre-an-experience-of-ten-years
#12
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Nehal A Mahabbat, Asad F Khesheaim, Nezar B Hamdi
BACKGROUND: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is considered a rare, unpredictable, and unavoidable injury of the upper limb. In this study, we presented a retrospective cohort study over a period of ten years in King Faisal Specialists Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH&RC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, to assess the characteristics and functional outcomes of OBPP. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, we carried out 125 repairs of OBPP in KFSH&RC...
May 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777252/noninvasively-evaluating-the-grading-and-idh1-mutation-status-of-diffuse-gliomas-by-three-dimensional-pseudo-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#13
Tingting Liu, Guang Cheng, Xiaowei Kang, Yibin Xi, Yuanqiang Zhu, Kai Wang, Chao Sun, Jing Ye, Ping Li, Hong Yin
PURPOSE: To noninvasively evaluate the value of three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D pCASL) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in diffuse gliomas grading as well as isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 mutation status. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with pathologically confirmed diffuse gliomas with preoperative 3D pCASL and DWI were enrolled in this study. The Student's t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to evaluate differences in parameters of DWI and 3D pCASL between low and high grade as well as between mutant and wild-type IDH1 diffuse gliomas; receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the diagnostic performance...
May 18, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777081/guide-for-potential-veterinary-student-applicants
#14
David Bainbridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#15
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776782/an-intervention-to-increase-students-physical-activity-a-2-year-pilot-study
#16
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
INTRODUCTION: Schools are called upon to provide children with 30 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Most school-based physical activity interventions have not targeted schools that serve children from low-income families. This study evaluated the effects of a pilot, competency-building professional development program on the school day MVPA and total activity (light- to vigorous-intensity activity) of students from schools that serve low-income families. STUDY DESIGN: Single group intervention with multiple follow-up repeated cross-sectional measures...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776744/discovering-mental-models-and-frames-in-learning-of-nursing-ethics-through-simulations
#17
J L Díaz Agea, M R Martín Robles, D Jiménez Rodríguez, I Morales Moreno, I Viedma Viedma, C Leal Costa
The acquisition of ethical competence is necessary in nursing. The aims of the study were to analyse students' perceptions of the process of learning ethics through simulations and to describe the underlying frames that inform the decision making process of nursing students. A qualitative study based on the analysis of simulated experiences and debriefings of six simulated scenarios with ethical content in three different groups of fourth-year nursing students (n = 30), was performed. The simulated situations were designed to contain ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776625/childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-risk-in-early-family-environments-predictors-of-global-sleep-quality-in-college-students
#18
Cory J Counts, Fiona C Grubin, Neha A John-Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood associates with poor sleep quality in adulthood. Separately, childhood family environments shape health into adulthood. Here, we investigated whether these early life factors independently or interactively inform global sleep quality in college students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: College students at a state university (N = 391). MEASUREMENTS: As a measure of childhood SES, we asked participants to consider their families' socioeconomic standing relative to the rest of the society during their childhood...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776623/nonrestorative-sleep-in-healthy-young-adults-without-insomnia-associations-with-executive-functioning-fatigue-and-pre-sleep-arousal
#19
Ruben Tinajero, Paula G Williams, Matthew R Cribbet, Holly K Rau, Daniel L Bride, Yana Suchy
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that nonrestorative sleep (NRS), even in the absence of insomnia symptoms or other sleep disorders, may be associated with daytime dysfunction. This study examined the association between NRS and daytime dysfunction in healthy adults screened for insomnia and sleep apnea. DESIGN: Multi-day assessment approach. SETTING: Community-based adults and college students. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy young adults without insomnia and sleep apnea (n = 79; 68% female, mean age = 27...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776619/poor-sleep-quality-and-insufficient-sleep-of-a-collegiate-student-athlete-population
#20
Cheri D Mah, Eric J Kezirian, Brandon M Marcello, William C Dement
OBJECTIVE: Poor and inadequate sleep negatively impact cognitive and physical functioning and may also affect sports performance. The study aim is to examine sleep quality, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness in collegiate student-athletes across a wide range of sports. DESIGN: Questionnaire. SETTING: University setting. PARTICIPANTS: 628 athletes across 29 varsity teams at Stanford University. MEASUREMENTS: Athletes completed a questionnaire inquiring about sleep quality via a modified Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness via Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
June 2018: Sleep Health
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