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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334677/utilizing-journal-club-to-facilitate-critical-thinking-in-pre-clinical-medical-students
#1
Victoria C Lucia, Stephanie M Swanberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334644/predictors-of-remission-from-probable-depression-among-hong-kong-adolescents-a-large-scale-longitudinal-study
#2
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Mason C M Lau
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the incidence of remission from probable depression among adolescents in Hong Kong. Remissions were defined as having Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD) scores changed from ≥16 at baseline to <16 over the 12-month follow-up period. The study tested the predictors of remissions, including perceived changes in family support, self-efficacy, self-esteem, positive affect, negative events, social anxiety, and loneliness. METHODS: The study surveyed 9666 secondary school students and identified 5487 (57%) students with probable depression in Hong Kong...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334513/opioid-use-disorders-attributed-to-tramadol-among-egyptian-university-students
#3
Medhat M Bassiony, Mohamed Abdelghani, Ghada M Salah El-Deen, Mervat S Hassan, Hayam El-Gohari, Usama M Youssef
BACKGROUND: Tramadol use is an overwhelming problem in Egypt with tremendous medical and social consequences especially among youth. Use liability among Egyptian university students is underevaluated. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated correlates of tramadol use among students from Zagazig University, Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included a total of 1135 undergraduate students, from 10 colleges in Zagazig University. Participants were randomly selected and assessed for tramadol use using The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test-Extended (DUDIT-E)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#4
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#5
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334438/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations-of-the-anticalculus-effect-of-a-novel-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice
#6
Tao He, Mary Kay Anastasia, Marianne Zsiska, Teresa Farmer, Eva Schneiderman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a novel stannous fluoride dentifrice with zinc citrate on calculus inhibition using both in vitro and clinical models. METHODS: Each investigation tested a novel stabilized 0.454% stannous fluoride dentifrice with zinc citrate as an anticalculus agent (Crest® Pro-Health™ smooth formula) compared to a negative control fluoride dentifrice. The in vitro study used the modified Plaque Growth and Mineralization Model (mPGM). Plaque biofilms were prepared and mineralized by alternate immersion of glass rods in human saliva and artificial mineralization solution...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334435/comparative-antiplaque-effect-of-two-antimicrobial-dentifrices-laboratory-and-clinical-evaluations
#7
Lynn R Friesen, C R Goyal, Jimmy G Qaqish, Tao He, Rachelle Eusebio, Marianne Zsiska, Teresa Farmer, Eva Schneiderman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a stannous fluoride dentifrice versus a triclosan-containing dentifrice on the reduction of plaque using in vitro and clinical models. METHODS: Both investigations evaluated a novel 0.454% stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice (Crest® Pro-Health™ smooth formula) versus a sodium fluoride/triclosan positive control dentifrice (Colgate® Total®). The in vitro evaluation utilized the Plaque Glycolysis and Regrowth Model (PGRM), wherein the metabolic effects (acid production/glycolysis inhibition) of the dentifrices were assessed on plaque biofilms grown on glass rods after three days growth and a single dentifrice treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334421/a-survey-of-tooth-morphology-teaching-methods-employed-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#8
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, E J Downer, A Toulouse
BACKGROUND: Tooth morphology is a central component of the dental curriculum and is applicable to all dental specialities. Traditional teaching methods are being supplemented with innovative strategies to tailor teaching and accommodate the learning styles of the recent generation of students. METHODS: An online survey was compiled and distributed to the staff involved in teaching tooth morphology in the United Kingdom and Ireland to assess the importance of tooth morphology in the dentistry curriculum and the methodologies employed in teaching...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334301/navigating-social-distance-in-foundational-clinical-encounters-understanding-medical-students-early-experiences-with-diverse-patients
#9
Miesha Roberts-MacDonald, Saleem Razack
BACKGROUND: Social distance between patients and physicians has been shown to affect the quality of care that patients receive. Little is known about how social distance between students and patients is experienced by learners during early clinical exposures in medical school. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore students' stories of experiencing social distance with patients with concordant and discordant social characteristics as themselves, respectively, as well as students' needs from medical curricula regarding developing social competence...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334250/estimation-of-a-latent-variable-regression-growth-curve-model-for-individuals-cross-classified-by-clusters
#10
Audrey J Leroux, S Natasha Beretvas
The cross-classified multiple membership latent variable regression (CCMM-LVR) model is a recent extension to the three-level latent variable regression (HM3-LVR) model which can be utilized for longitudinal data that contains individuals who changed clusters over time (for instance, student mobility across schools). The HM3-LVR model can include the initial status on growth effect as varying across those clusters and allows testing of more flexible hypotheses about the influence of initial status on growth and of factors that might impact that relationship, but only in the presence of pure clustering of participants within higher-level units...
January 15, 2018: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334199/comparison-of-cabergoline-and-quinagolide-in-prevention-of-severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-among-patients-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#11
Robabeh Taheripanah, Mahshid Vasef, Marzieh Zamaniyan, Anahita Taheripanah
Background: The aim of the current study is to compare quinagolide with cabergoline in prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) among high risk women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial study was performed from March 2015 to February 2017. One hundred and twenty six women undergoing ICSI who were at high risk of developing OHSS (having over 20 follicles of >12 mm), were randomized into two groups...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334020/gender-atypical-personality-or-sexual-behavior-what-is-disgusting-about-male-homosexuality
#12
T Andrew Caswell, Kyrsten Sackett-Fox
Research consistently finds that homosexuality elicits strong feelings of disgust, but the reasons remain unclear. In the current research, we investigate responses to gay men who violate social norms governing the expression of gender and sexuality. Two hundred forty-three college undergraduates read a vignette about a gay male college student whose personality traits (masculine, feminine, or neutral) and sexual behavior (active vs. passive) varied, and reported their affective responses to and cognitive appraisals of the target...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334013/understanding-teacher-change-a-national-survey-of-u-s-physical-educators
#13
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber
Physical education is critical to addressing childhood obesity, yet many school-based programs do not meet established quality standards and teachers are called upon to change. Little is known about how change is initiated and its associated internal and external factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical education teacher change that was self-initiated and externally initiated and to examine dispositions toward the change process relative to initiation. METHOD: A random national sample of physical educators representing each SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators regional district participated in a survey measuring past programming changes, primary initiators of change, and teachers' dispositions toward change...
January 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334004/examining-residence-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-health-risk-behaviors-among-college-students
#14
Angelo M DiBello, Madeline B Benz, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Kate B Carey
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate college student residence as a unique risk factor for a range of negative health behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: We examined data from 63,555 students (66% female) from 157 campuses who completed the National College Health Assessment Survey in Spring 2011. METHODS: Participants answered questions about the frequency of recent use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs as well as sexual risk behavior in the last 30 days...
January 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333700/understanding-australian-medical-student-attitudes-towards-older-people
#15
REVIEW
Mark Ag Wilson, Susan E Kurrle, Ian Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to review the literature around Australian medical student attitudes towards older people. METHODS: An Ovid cross-search and SCOPUS search were performed using keywords such as 'Attitude', 'Medical Student' and 'Aged or Older or Elderly'. RESULTS: Several recent studies have investigated the attitudes of Australian medical students towards older people. Baseline attitudes at two medical schools were positive...
January 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333677/diminished-alternative-reinforcement-as-a-mechanism-linking-conduct-problems-and-substance-use-in-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination
#16
Rubin Khoddam, Junhan Cho, N J Jackson, Adam M Leventhal
AIMS: To determine whether diminished alternative reinforcement (i.e., engagement and enjoyment from substance-free activities) mediated the longitudinal association of conduct problems with substance use in early-mid adolescence. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling tested whether the association between Wave 1 (baseline) conduct problems and Wave 3 (24-month follow-up) substance use outcomes was mediated by diminished alternative reinforcement at Wave 2 (12-month follow-up)...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#17
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#18
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333644/school-lunch-consumption-among-3-food-service-providers-in-new-orleans
#19
Melanie Canterberry, Samantha Francois, Taslim van Hattum, Lindsey Rudov, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: Louisiana has one of the highest rates of overweight and obese children in the United States. The Healthy School Food Collaborative (HSFC) was created to allow New Orleans's schools to select their own healthy school Food Service Provider (FSP) with requirements for higher nutritional standards than traditional options. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether HSFC membership was associated with lunch consumption rates in elementary school children. METHODS: An 8-week plate waste study examining 18,070 trays of food among fourth and fifth graders was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#20
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
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