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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098836/association-of-school-environment-and-after-school-physical-activity-with-health-related-physical-fitness-among-junior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#1
Kai-Yang Lo, Min-Chen Wu, Shu-Chin Tung, City C Hsieh, Hsueh-Hua Yao, Chien-Chang Ho
The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098819/low-cost-and-flexible-uav-deployment-of-sensors
#2
Lars Yndal Sørensen, Lars Toft Jacobsen, John Paulin Hansen
This paper presents a platform for airborne sensor applications using low-cost, open-source components carried by an easy-to-fly unmanned aircraft vehicle (UAV). The system, available in open-source , is designed for researchers, students and makers for a broad range of exploration and data-collection needs. The main contribution is the extensible architecture for modularized airborne sensor deployment and real-time data visualisation. Our open-source Android application provides data collection, flight path definition and map tools...
January 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098770/can-malaysian-young-adults-report-dietary-intake-using-a-food-diary-mobile-application-a-pilot-study-on-acceptability-and-compliance
#3
Yoke San Chen, Jyh Eiin Wong, Ainaa Fatehah Ayob, Nor Effendy Othman, Bee Koon Poh
Mobile applications may improve dietary reporting among young adults due to their high accessibility and embedded camera function. This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate users' acceptability and compliance in reporting dietary intake using a newly developed food diary mobile application (food app); and (ii) identify issues and recommendations for improving dietary assessment using this food app via quantitative and qualitative protocols. Twenty-eight university students each used a food app for seven consecutive days and attended one of five focus group interviews...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098631/after-the-fall-the-tapestry-of-disturbance-and-recovery
#4
Nalini M Nadkarni
On July 3, 2015, Nalini Nadkarni, a world-renowned ecologist who had been studying the biologic processes of ecosystem disturbance and recovery, sustained a catastrophic 50-foot free-fall from the top of the rainforest canopy to the forest floor at her remote field research site. She lost consciousness in shock and sustained life-threatening injuries. Her accompanying students hiked out, radio-called 911, and the Harborview Medical Center (Seattle) Medivac team arrived 4 hours later to rescue her. Her prognosis was extremely grim; her family gathered in anticipation of her death as she underwent four operations during her 10 days in the ICU...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#5
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098500/exploring-black-college-females-perceptions-regarding-hiv-prevention-message-content
#6
Rasheeta Chandler-Coley, Henry Ross, Oluwatobi Ozoya, Celia Lescano, Timothy Flannigan
Media messages can facilitate the delivery of accurate information related to HIV and sexually transmitted infection. This study's purpose was to examine preexisting media campaigns from the iMPPACS study to assess age-, gender-, and culturally appropriate components identified by African American females who attend historically Black colleges/universities. In 3 separate focus group sessions, 31 Black female college students (M age = 20) viewed 4 vignettes and heard 3 audio-only clips, then ranked and commented on them based on perceived satisfaction with HIV prevention content and appropriateness of delivery...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098496/real-world-adherence-assessment-of-lurasidone-and-other-oral-atypical-antipsychotics-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-an-administrative-claims-analysis
#7
Krithika Rajagopalan, Sally Wade, Nicole Meyer, Antony Loebel
OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence with lurasidone to other oral atypical antipsychotics among Medicaid- and commercially-insured patients with schizophrenia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Administrative claims of patients with schizophrenia treated with atypical antipsychotics (lurasidone, aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, or ziprasidone) from October 2010-September 2011 were identified from MarketScan Commercial and Medicaid Databases, and were classified by the first (index) antipsychotic...
January 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#8
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098410/juror-decision-making-in-death-penalty-sentencing-when-presented-with-defendant-s-history-of-child-abuse-or-neglect
#9
Lisa L Bell Holleran, Tyler J Vaughan, Donna M Vandiver
Previous studies have found aggravating, mitigating, and null effects of defendant histories of abuse and neglect on punishment preferences in capital sentencing. Perceiving these defendants as more dangerous, jurors may be more likely to favor the death penalty when such evidence is presented. This is counter to the intuition that abuse or neglect reduces culpability, and therefore mitigates the severity of punishment. We investigated the effect of defendant childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect on the probability of a prospective juror preferring the death penalty in an between-subject experimental design...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098097/protective-role-of-nigella-sativa-in-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Zafar Masood Ansari, Mohammad Nasiruddin, Rahat Ali Khan, Shahzad Faizul Haque
This study aims to evaluate efficacy and safety of Nigella sativa oil supplementation in patients with chronic kidney disease Stage 3 and 4 due to diabetic nephropathy. It was a prospective, comparative, and open-label study. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (Control) received conservative management of diabetic nephropathy, whereas Group 2 (Test) received N. sativa oil (2.5 mL, once daily and per orally) along with conservative management for 12 weeks. Blood glucose, hemogram, and kidney function test were done at 0, 6, and 12 weeks of treatment...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098085/experience-of-a-faculty-development-workshop-in-mentoring-at-an-indian-medical-college
#11
Jagdish R Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Suman Singh, Praveen Singh, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Himanshu Pandya
BACKGROUND: Our medical college is running a mentoring programme for undergraduate medical students since 2009. The academic leadership of the college identified the need to change the focus of the programme from mere problem- solving to professional and personal development of mentees. METHODS: A core group of faculty designed and implemented a workshop on mentoring for 28 mentors. The workshop included reflections on the participants' previous experiences about mentoring, discussion on perceptions of mentees about the existing mentoring programme, self-analysis of mentoring skills, overview of the Surrendering, Accepting, Gifting and Extending (SAGE) model and demonstration of effective mentoring skills using role plays and a film...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#12
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098021/don-t-accept-bullying-especially-due-to-race
#13
Zeba Arif
A recent study from Birmingham City University uncovered some alarming examples of students' reactions to negative feedback from their mentors, ranging from manipulative behaviour to making threats and allegations of bullying.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097998/fast-track-course-halves-three-year-nursing-degree
#14
Stephanie Jones-Berry
A fast-track nursing degree course in north east England, aimed at addressing the UK's nurse shortage, will take on new students in March.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097993/exploring-how-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-can-enhance-compassionate-care
#15
Caroline Barratt
Research suggests that the development of mindfulness and self-compassion may help to improve the well-being and resilience of professionals and students in the healthcare setting. This is reflected in the growth of mindfulness training for these individuals. Mindfulness is an important aspect of self-compassion, and healthcare professionals should be aware of the need to care for themselves when caring for others. This article explores the concepts of mindfulness and self-compassion and their relationship with, and ability to enhance, compassionate care...
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097980/student-life-how-to-ace-an-exam
#16
Kathy Oxtoby
As a nursing student, you can expect to sit exams in anything from anatomy and physiology to numeracy and medicine management, and it's important not to let nerves get the better of you.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097902/mistreatment-of-medical-students-in-the-third-year-may-not-be-the-problem
#17
Stuart J Slavin, John T Chibnall
Mistreatment and abuse of medical students has been recognized as a significant problem in medical schools. We believe, however, that the problem of mistreatment has been viewed incorrectly. This misperception of mistreatment exists in two primary ways. First, mistreatment has tended to be viewed as a "diagnosis" of unprofessionalism of the perpetrator when it may be more appropriately viewed as a symptom with a range of possible underlying causes. The second misconception that appears to be prevalent is the belief that the link between mistreatment and student well-being, distress, and falling empathy is clear...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097858/-the-current-status-of-patient-safety-in-argentina-cross-sectional-study
#18
Lucrecia Arpí, Néstor D Panattieri, Cristina Godio, Verónica Sabio Paz, Nora Dackiewicz
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a priority for healthcare organizations. For the PRONAP´s 2013 final exam, the Quality & Patient Safety Subcommittee and the PRONAP managers designed a survey to be answered by pediatrician students nationwide. It was destined to evaluate attitudes, practices and safety conditions in which they worked. AIM: To assess the current state of practices in patient safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Setting and sample: PRONAP students (7,438 pediatrician nationwide) who answered 2013 final exam...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097842/in-hospital-capacity-building-in-research-and-management-for-pediatric-professionals
#19
Graciela Demirdjian, Susana Rodríguez, Juan C Vassallo, Vilma Irazola, Josefa Rodríguez
We describe an educational strategy aimed at capacity-building of hospital health care professionals in research and management initiated at a pediatric hospital in 2006, and the results obtained eight years after its implementation. Research and Management in Pediatrics (GIP) is an annual 250-hour course combining meetings and off-site assignments delivered through the Hospital's on-line campus. It provides students with practical tools for research (epidemiology, methodology, bibliographic search, evidencebased medicine, biostatistics) and management (strategic planning, management programs, health services research, quality improvement, health economics)...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097840/assessment-of-lipid-profile-and-some-risk-factors-of-atherosclerosis-in-children-whose-parents-had-early-onset-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Helen Bornaun, Naci Öner, Kemal Nişli, Kazım Öztarhan, Taner Yavuz, Ümit Türkoğlu, Aygün Dindar, Rukiye Eker Ömeroglu
BACKGROUND/AIM: The objective of our study was to analyze the lipid profile and some risk factors of atherosclerosis such as oxidized-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), small dense LDL (sd LDL) in the offspring of patients with premature coronary heart disease (CHD). POPULATION AND METHODS: Children whose parents had early onset CHD were matched with age and sex pairs. Study and controls were analyzed for lipid levels, apolipoproteins (Apo- A,B,E), ox-LDL, sd LDL and lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)]...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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