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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646633/reclassification-of-flexibacter-tractuosus-nbrc-15981t-as-marivirga-harenae-sp-nov-in-the-family-flammeovirgaceae
#1
Yuki Muramatsu, Yuki Kamakura, Mai Takahashi, Yasuyoshi Nakagawa
Flexibacter tractuosa [Lewin, 1969] was reclassified as Marivirga tractuosa. Flexibacter tractuosus NBRC 15981T was reclassified herein by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of the strain were strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, slender rods, which were motile by gliding. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 and the predominant (>5 %) cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-G-C15 : 1, C16 : 1ω7c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The polar lipid pattern indicated the presence of a phosphatidylethanolamine, several unidentified aminolipids, glycolipids and five unidentified polar lipids...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634238/electron-transport-chain-is-biochemically-linked-to-pilus-assembly-required-for-polymicrobial-interactions-and-biofilm-formation-in-the-gram-positive-actinobacterium-actinomyces-oris
#2
Belkys C Sanchez, Chungyu Chang, Chenggang Wu, Bryan Tran, Hung Ton-That
The Gram-positive actinobacteria Actinomyces spp. are key colonizers in the development of oral biofilms due to the inherent ability of Actinomyces to adhere to receptor polysaccharides on the surface of oral streptococci and host cells. This receptor-dependent bacterial interaction, or coaggregation, requires a unique sortase-catalyzed pilus consisting of the pilus shaft FimA and the coaggregation factor CafA forming the pilus tip. While the essential role of the sortase machine SrtC2 in pilus assembly, biofilm formation, and coaggregation has been established, little is known about trans-acting factors contributing to these processes...
June 20, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632118/tessaracoccus-arenae-sp-nov-isolated-from-sea-sand
#3
Chutimon Thongphrom, Jong-Hwa Kim, Nagamani Bora, Wonyong Kim
A Gram-stain positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1319T, was isolated from sea sand and the strain's taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain CAU 1319T grew optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.5 in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, revealed that strain CAU 1319T belongs to the genus Tessaracoccus, and is closely related to Tessaracoccus lapidicaptus IPBSL-7T (similarity 97...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629505/micromonospora-fulva-sp-nov-isolated-from-forest-soil
#4
Hyo-Jin Lee, Kyung-Sook Whang
A novel actinobacterium, designated strain UDF-1T, was isolated from forest soil in Chungnam, South Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain UDF-1T formed a branched brownish-orange substrate mycelium with spherical or oval spores. No aerial mycelium was formed. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain UDF-1T belongs to the genus Micromonospora, showing the highest sequence similarity to Micromonospora palomenae NEAU-CX1T (99.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), 'Micromonospora maoerensis' NEAU-MES19 (99...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629503/red-pink-pigmented-hymenobacter-coccineus-sp-nov-hymenobacter-lapidarius-sp-nov-and-hymenobacter-glacialis-sp-nov-isolated-from-rocks-in-antarctica
#5
Ivo Sedláček, Stanislava Králová, Kamila Kýrová, Ivana Mašlaňová, Hans-Jürgen Busse, Eva Staňková, Veronika Vrbovská, Miroslav Němec, Miloš Barták, Pavla Holochová, Pavel Švec, Roman Pantůček
Four rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, CCM 8647, CCM 8649T, CCM 8643T and CCM 8648T, were isolated from rock samples collected on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Extensive biotyping, fatty acid profiling, chemotaxonomy, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and whole-genome sequencing was applied to isolates to clarify their taxonomic position. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that all four isolates belonged to the genus Hymenobacter. Strains CCM 8649T and CCM 8647 were most closely related to Hymenobacter arizonensis OR362-8T (94...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629493/naumannella-huperziae-sp-nov-an-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-huperzia-serrata-thunb
#6
Ye Sun, Hua-Hong Chen, Hong-Min Sun, Meng-Jie Ai, Jing Su, Li-Yan Yu, Yu-Qin Zhang
An endophytic, short rod-shaped, non-motile and non-spore-forming actinobacterium, designated strain CPCC 204135T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized medicinal plant, Huperzia serrata (Thunb.), collected from Sichuan Province, south-west China. Strain CPCC 204135T was observed to grow at temperatures between 20 and 37 °C (optimum, 28-32 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and in the presence of 0-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CPCC 204135T belonged to the genus Naumannella, showing the highest level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Naumannella halotolerans DSM 24323T (97...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629492/calidifontibacter-terrae-sp-nov-an-actinomycete-isolated-from-soil-with-potential-applications-in-cosmetics
#7
Ram Hari Dahal, Dong Seop Shim, Joon Young Kim, Jaisoo Kim
An aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, coccoid, creamish-white-coloured bacterium, designated strain R161T, was isolated from soil in Hwaseong, South Korea. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained glycine, glutamic acid, alanine, aspartic acid, serine and lysine, and whole-cell sugars were galactose, rhamnose, glucose and ribose. Strain R161T showed antibacterial and enzyme inhibitory activities. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain R161T formed a lineage within the family Dermacoccaceae, and showed highest sequence similarity with type strains of Calidifontibacter indicus PC IW02T (97...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629491/sphingobacterium-alkalisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-saline-alkaline-soil
#8
Lian Xu, Ji-Quan Sun, Li-Juan Wang, Zhi-Wei Gao, Li-Zhu Sun, Xiao-Lei Wu
A Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterium designated Y3L14T was isolated from the saline-alkaline soil of a farmland, Inner Mongolia, northern China. Strain Y3L14T could grow at 10-40 °C (optimally at 30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimally at pH 8.0), and in the presence of 0-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 0-2.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and DNA gyrase subunit B (gyrB) gene sequences revealed that strain Y3L14T clustered with strains belonging to the genus Sphingobacterium, sharing the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Sphingobacterium lactis WCC 4512T (94...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598314/thioclava-arenosa-sp-nov-isolated-from-sea-sand
#9
Chutimon Thongphrom, Jong-Hwa Kim, Nagamani Bora, Wonyong Kim
A Gram-staining-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobe bacterial strain, designated CAU 1312T, was isolated from sea sand of Eurwangri beach, South Korea. The strain's taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. CAU 1312T grew at temperatures from 20 to 40 °C, in the range of pH 6.0-9.0 and at salinities from 1-4 % (w/v). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that CAU 1312T represented a member of the genus Thioclava and was most closely related to Thioclava atlantica 13D2W-2T (similarity 96...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598301/aquimarina-rubra-sp-nov-isolated-from-sediment-of-a-sea-cucumber-culture-pond
#10
Ji-Ru Han, Dong-Bo Fang, Hai-Feng Xia, Guan-Jun Chen, Zong-Jun Du
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, red-pigmented, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated SS2-9T, was isolated from sediment collected from a sea cucumber culture pond located in Rongcheng, Shandong province, China. Cells of strain SS2-9T were approximately 0.3-0.5 µm in width and 1.5-6.0 µm in length. The strain was able to grow at 10-37 °C, at pH 6.5-8.5 and in the presence of 0.5-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl. It grew optimally at 28 °C and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 34...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593834/salibacter-halophilus-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-saltern
#11
De-Chen Lu, Jun Xia, Christopher A Dunlap, Alejandro P Rooney, Zong-Jun Du
A Gram-stain-negative and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, JZ3C34T, was isolated from a saltern in Feicheng, China (36° 8' 24.45″ E 116° 49' 22.46″ N). Cells of strain JZ3C34T were 0.3-0.4 µm wide and 1.5-2.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Colonies on modified marine agar 2216 were orange, circular, convex, translucent and approximately 1 mm in diameter after incubation for 96 h at 33 °C. Growth occurred at 20-50 °C (optimally at 33 °C), at pH 6.5-8.5 (optimally at 7...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592319/high-dephosphorylated-uncarboxylated-mgp-in-hemodialysis-patients-risk-factors-and-response-to-vitamin-k2-a-pre-post-intervention-clinical-trial
#12
Mabel Aoun, Maha Makki, Hiba Azar, Hiam Matta, Dania Nehme Chelala
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcifications are highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients. Dephosphorylated-uncarboxylated MGP (dp-ucMGP) was found to increase in vitamin K-deficient patients and may be associated with vascular calcifications. Supplementation of hemodialysis patients with vitamin K2 (menaquinone-7) has been studied in Europe with a maximum 61% drop of dp-ucMGP levels. The aim of this study is to assess first the drop of dp-ucMGP in an Eastern Mediterranean cohort after vitamin K2 treatment and second the correlation between baseline dp-ucMGP and vascular calcification score...
June 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585422/menaquinone-7-production-from-maize-meal-hydrolysate-by-bacillus-isolates-with-diphenylamine-and-analogue-resistance
#13
Jian-Zhong Xu, Wei-Guo Zhang
A menaquinone-7 (MK-7) high-producing strain needs to be isolated to increase MK-7 production, in order to meet a requirement of MK-7 given the low MK-7 content in food products. This article focuses on developing MK-7 high-producing strains via screening and mutagenesis by an atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutation breeding system. We isolated an MK-7-producing strain Y-2 and identified it as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, which produced (7.1±0.5) mg/L of MK-7 with maize meal hydrolysate as carbon source...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573482/glycomyces-xinjiangensis-sp-nov-a-novel-actinomycete-isolated-from-a-hypersaline-habitat
#14
Tong-Wei Guan, Hui-Ping Xiang, Peng-Hao Wang, Lei Tian, Shu-Kun Tang, Shun-Xian Zhao, Xi-Chao Zhang
A novel actinomycete strain, designated XHU 5301(T), was isolated from a hypersaline habitat, China. The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain positive and the optimum NaCl concentration for growth was 7-9% (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on an almost-complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain XHU 5301(T) showed that the organism was most closely related to Glycomyces halotolerans TRM 40137(T) (96.0%). The whole-cell sugar pattern consisted of glucose and galactose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-10(H4), MK-10(H2), and MK-9(H4)...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560445/genistein-and-menaquinone-4-treatment-induced-alterations-in-the-expression-of-mrnas-and-their-products-are-beneficial-to-osteoblastic-mc3t3-e1-cell-functions
#15
Midori Katsuyama, Masashi Demura, Hironobu Katsuyama, Hideji Tanii, Kiyofumi Saijoh
The aim of the present study was to determine the molecular basis of the beneficial effects of genistein and/or menaquinone‑4 (MK‑4) on bone quality. Initially, 1 µM genistein was applied to MC3T3‑E1 cells for 24 h and the upregulated mRNAs that were detected by microarray were selected for further examination by reverse transcription‑quantitative‑polymerase chain reaction. Among them, alterations were observed in the level of GATA‑binding protein 6 (GATA6), Notch gene homolog 2 (NOTCH2), Wnt family member 5A (WNT5A), bone γ‑carboxyglutamate protein (BGLAP), chondroadherin (CHAD), dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2 (ENPP2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) 3 and ATPase phospholipid‑transporting 11A (ATP11A) in response to treatment with 0...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555445/paenibacillus-aquistagni-sp-nov-isolated-from-an-artificial-lake-accumulating-industrial-wastewater
#16
Lučka Simon, Jure Škraban, Nikos C Kyrpides, Tanja Woyke, Nicole Shapiro, Ilse Cleenwerck, Peter Vandamme, William B Whitman, Janja Trček
Strain 11(T) was isolated from water of an artificial lake accumulating industrial wastewater on the outskirts of Celje, Slovenia. Phenotypic characterisation showed strain 11(T) to be a Gram-stain positive, spore forming bacterium. The 16S rRNA gene sequence identified strain 11(T) as a member of the genus Paenibacillus, closely related to Paenibacillus alvei (96.2%). Genomic similarity with P. alvei 29(T) was 73.1% (gANI), 70.2% (ANIb), 86.7% (ANIm) and 21.7 ± 2.3% (GGDC). The DNA G+C content of strain 11(T) was determined to be 47...
May 29, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550345/bacillus-zanthoxyli-sp-nov-a-novel-nematicidal-bacterium-isolated-from-chinese-red-pepper-zanthoxylum-bungeanum-maxim-leaves-in-china
#17
Ma Li, Cao Yong Hong, Wang Xiao Yan, Zheng Shuai Chao, Yang Cheng Gang, Duo Jin Ling, Zhou Xing Kui, Xi Jia Qin, Zhu Ming Liang, Mo Ming He
A novel strain, 1433(T), was isolated from leaves of Chinese red pepper (Huajiao, Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim) collected from Gansu province in northwestern China, and was characterised by a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain 1433(T) were observed to be Gram-stain positive, aerobic, asporogenous, rod shaped, motile and to have peritrichous flagella. The strain was observed to grow at a range of temperatures and pH, 4-45 °C (optimum 28-32 °C) and 6.0-10.0 (optimum pH 6.0-7.0), respectively. Growth was found to occur in the presence of 0-7% (w/v) NaCl [optimum 0-3% (w/v)]...
May 26, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508565/menaquinone-4-enhances-osteogenic-potential-of-human-amniotic-fluid-mesenchymal-stem-cells-cultured-in-a-2d-and-3d-dynamic-culture-system
#18
Domitilla Mandatori, Letizia Penolazzi, Caterina Pipino, Pamela Di Tomo, Sara Di Silvestre, Natalia Di Pietro, Sara Trevisani, Marco Angelozzi, Mariangela Ucci, Roberta Piva, Assunta Pandolfi
Menaquinones, also known as Vitamin K2 family, regulate calcium homeostasis in a "bone-vascular cross talk" and recently received particular attention for their positive effect on bone formation. Since the correlation between menaquinones and bone metabolism to date is still unclear, the objective of our study was to investigate the possible role of menaquinone-4 (MK-4), an isoform of the menaquinones family, in the modulation of osteogenesis. For this reason we used a model of human Amniotic Fluid Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hAFMSCs) cultured both in two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D, RCCS™bioreactor) in vitro culture systems...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500545/nocardia-tengchongensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-soil-sample
#19
Shuai Li, Hong Ming, Yan-Yan Duan, Jian-Rong Huang, Zhuo-Li Zhao, Ling-Yu Zhang, Wei-Li Ji, Xiao-Lin Meng, Wen-Jun Li, Guo-Xing Nie
The taxonomic status was determined of two actinomycetes, designated CFH S0057(T) and CFH S0065, that were isolated from soil samples collected from an extinct volcano in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains CFH S0057(T) and CFH S0065 belong to the genus Nocardia and formed a single clade within this genus. The two isolates were able to grow at 4-45 °C, pH 5.0-7.0 and with a NaCl tolerance up to 5.0% (w/v). The whole-cell hydrolysates were rich in meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose, arabinose and fructose...
May 12, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488064/rhodococcus-gannanensis-sp-nov-a-novel-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-root-of-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l
#20
Jun Ma, Liguo Zhang, Guangjin Wang, Shuquan Zhang, Xiaofei Zhang, Yongbin Wang, Chuanqi Shi, Liang Si, Haibin Zhao, Fengqi Liu, Bixian Zhang, Xutang Huang
A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile strain, designated strain M1(T), was isolated from sunflower root (Helianthus annuus L.) and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of the isolate were typical of those of members of the genus Rhodococcus. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain M1(T) belongs to the genus Rhodococcus and clustered with Rhodococcus canchipurensis MBRL 353(T) (99.1%, sequence similarity) and Rhodococcus pedocola UC12(T) (98...
May 9, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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