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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549363/-thoracic-inestability-fixed-with-bioabsorbable-screws-and-plates
#1
A L Nolasco-de la Rosa, R Mosiñoz-Montes, J Matehuala-García, A A Cuautle-Ramírez, E Román-Guzmán, A L Reyes-Miranda, F Quero-Sandoval
BACKGROUND: Flail chest is managed with mechanical ventilation or inhaloteraphy and analgesia. Little has been published on the use of bioabsorbable material and its evolution in flail chest fixation. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of patients with unstable chest undergoing fixation with bioabsorbable plates and screws in a period from February 2009 to December 2011. RESULTS: We report 18 cases, aged 33-74 years (mean 53), three with bilateral involvement; rib fixation was performed between 1-21 days of the accident (mean 1...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549362/-iliotibial-band-friction-syndrome-due-to-bioabsorbable-pins-in-acl-reconstruction
#2
F Cruz-López, A Mallen-Trejo, C Pascual-Vidriales, A Almazán-Díaz, J C Ibarra-Ponce de León
Injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament are currently treated primarily with the use of hamstring graft with a wide range of different techniques and fixation systems for anterior cruciate ligament in reducing patient morbidity. We report the case of a female patient aged 42 that suffered an anterior cruciate ligament rupture and was treated with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring autograft with femoral fixation with bio-absorbable cross-pin and tibial fixation with bio-absorbable screw...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549359/-bristow-latarjet-technique-for-anterior-glenohumeral-instability
#3
I Jiménez, A Marcos-García, J Medina, G Muratore-Moreno, J Caballero-Martel
BACKGROUND: In treatment of anterior shoulder instability, many surgical techniques have been described, all of them with advantages and disadvantages. Our goal is to study the half term results on patients that underwent open Bristow-Latarjet surgery considering the preoperative ISIS value. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 33 patients which underwent open Bristow-Latarjet surgery in our center between 2005 and 2012. Average age of 33.2 years and follow up of 75 months...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549355/predictors-of-language-gains-among-school-age-children-with-language-impairment-in-the-public-schools
#4
Laura M Justice, Hui Jiang, Jessica A Logan, Mary Beth Schmitt
Purpose: This study aimed to identify child-level characteristics that predict gains in language skills for children with language impairment who were receiving therapy within the public schools. The therapy provided represented business-as-usual speech/language treatment provided by speech-language pathologists in the public schools. Method: The sample included 272 kindergartners and first-graders with language impairment who participated in a larger study titled "Speech-Therapy Experiences in the Public Schools...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549339/typical-and-atypical-presenting-symptoms-of-breast-cancer-and-their-associations-with-diagnostic-intervals-evidence-from-a-national-audit-of-cancer-diagnosis
#5
Minjoung Monica Koo, Christian von Wagner, Gary A Abel, Sean McPhail, Greg P Rubin, Georgios Lyratzopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Most symptomatic women with breast cancer have relatively short diagnostic intervals but a substantial minority experience prolonged journeys to diagnosis. Atypical presentations (with symptoms other than breast lump) may be responsible. METHODS: We examined the presenting symptoms of breast cancer in women using data from a national audit initiative (n=2316). Symptoms were categorised topographically. We investigated variation in the length of the patient interval (time from symptom onset to presentation) and the primary care interval (time from presentation to specialist referral) across symptom groups using descriptive analyses and quantile regression...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549330/impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-oral-health
#6
Ana Cristina de Oliveira Solis, Álvaro Cabral Araújo, Felipe Corchs, Marcio Bernik, Érica Panzani Duran, Cláudio Silva, Francisco Lotufo-Neto
BACKGROUND: The stress experienced as an intense and traumatic event can increase the odds of orofacial pain, affect the biomechanics of masticatory system and compromise the periodontal health. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on oral health. METHODS: A case-control study with a convenience sample was designed. Probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing, and plaque were recorded at 6 sites per tooth...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549317/frontal-and-subcortical-grey-matter-reductions-in-ptsd
#7
Daniel C M O'Doherty, Ashleigh Tickell, Will Ryder, Charles Chan, Daniel F Hermens, Maxwell R Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by a range of debilitating psychological, physical and cognitive symptoms. PTSD has been associated with grey matter atrophy in limbic and frontal cortical brain regions. However, previous studies have reported heterogeneous findings, with grey matter changes observed beyond limbic/frontal areas. Seventy-five adults were recruited from the community, 25 diagnosed with PTSD along with 25 healthy and 25 trauma exposed age and gender matched controls. Participants underwent clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549315/associations-between-the-levels-of-thyroid-hormones-and-lipid-lipoprotein-levels-data-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#8
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years 2007-2012 were used to investigate associations between thyroid hormones and lipid/lipoprotein levels for a representative sample of general US population aged ≥20 years. There were no statistically significant differences for adjusted high density lipoprotein levels among thyroid function groups, namely, subclinical hyperthyroid (SCHPR), clinical hyperthyroid (CHPR), euthyroid (EU), clinical hypothyroid (CHYP), and subclinical hypothyroid (SCHYP)...
May 4, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549308/climate-and-the-eye-case-crossover-analysis-of-retinal-detachment-after-exposure-to-ambient-heat
#9
Nathalie Auger, Marc-André Rhéaume, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Tina Tang, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Retinal detachment is an important cause of visual loss, but the association with outdoor heat exposure has not been studied. Our objective was to determine the relationship between acute exposure to high outdoor temperature and risk of retinal detachment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed 14,302 individuals with inpatient procedures for retinal detachment from April through September between 2006 and 2013 in the province of Quebec, Canada. Using a time-stratified case-crossover study design, we examined the association of retinal detachment with outdoor summer temperature the preceding week...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549300/evaluation-of-the-in-vitro-effect-of-boldo-and-meadowsweet-plant-extracts-on-the-expression-of-antimicrobial-peptides-and-inflammatory-markers-in-canine-keratinocytes
#10
Domenico Santoro, Kim Ahrens, Ryan Vesny, Christelle Navarro, Hugues Gatto, Rosanna Marsella
Dogs with allergies are prone to skin infections and treatments/preventatives to boost innate immune-defenses are beneficial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Boldo and Meadowsweet extracts on the expression of β-defensins (cBD), cathelicidin (cCath), and pro-inflammatory cytokines in canine keratinocyte. This study had two phases. Phase I evaluated mRNA expression of cBD103 and cCath, and secretion of cCath, IL-8 and TNF-α by keratinocytes harvested from healthy (n=5) and atopic (n=5) age-matched beagles exposed to Boldo (2% to 0...
May 17, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549272/acute-toxicity-of-emerging-atmospheric-pollutants-from-wood-lignin-due-to-biomass-burning
#11
Maryline Pflieger, Ana Kroflič
Guaiacol (2-methoxyphenol) is an important atmospheric pollutant. It is the major component of wood lignin and is essentially emitted to the atmosphere during biomass burning. Its aging in the tropospheric aqueous phase leads to the generation of the following ring-retaining transformation products, also during nighttime: 4-nitroguaiacol, 6-nitroguaiacol, and dinitroguaiacol. This study presents the first toxicological data of guaiacol and its nitro derivatives and reveals their harmful potential for the ecosystem...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549271/the-association-between-the-early-motor-repertoire-and-language-development-in-term-children-born-after-normal-pregnancy
#12
Sahar Salavati, Christa Einspieler, Giulia Vagelli, Dajie Zhang, Jasmin Pansy, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Peter B Marschik, Arend F Bos
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the early motor repertoire is a widely used method for assessing the infant's neurological status. AIM: To determine the association between the early motor repertoire and language development. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 22 term children born after normal pregnancy; video recorded for the assessment of the early motor repertoire including their motor optimality score (MOS), according to Prechtl, at 3 and 5months post term...
May 23, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549269/high-hair-cortisol-concentrations-predict-worse-cognitive-outcome-after-stroke-results-from-the-tabasco-prospective-cohort-study
#13
E Ben Assayag, O Tene, A D Korczyn, L Shopin, E Auriel, J Molad, H Hallevi, C Kirschbaum, N M Bornstein, S Shenhar-Tsarfaty, E Kliper, T Stalder
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of stress-related endocrine dysregulation in the development of cognitive changes following a stroke needs further elucidation. We explored this issue in a longitudinal study on stroke survivors using hair cortisol concentrations (HCC), a measure of integrated long-term cortisol levels. METHODS: Participants were consecutive cognitively intact first-ever mild-moderate ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) survivors from the Tel Aviv Brain Acute Stroke Cohort (TABASCO) study...
May 18, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549220/physiological-responses-during-intermittent-running-exercise-differ-between-outdoor-and-treadmill-running
#14
Marco Panascì, Romuald Lepers, Antonio La Torre, Matteo Bonato, Hervè Assadi
The aim of this study was to compare the physiological responses during 15 min of intermittent running consisting of 30 s high intensity running exercise at maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) interspersed with 30 s passive recovery (30-30) performed outdoor versus on a motorized treadmill. Fifteen collegiate physically active males (age: 22±1 years-old; body mass: 66±7 kg; stature: 176±06 cm, weekly training volume: 5±2 h·week<sup>-1</sup>), performed Fitness Intermittent test 45-15 in order to determine VO<sub>2max</sub> and Maximal Aerobic Velocity (MAV) and then completed in random order three different training sessions consisting of 30s run -30s rest outdoor on athletic track (30-30 Track) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest on treadmill (30-30 Treadmill) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest at MAV+15% (30-30+15% MAV Treadmill)...
May 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549211/chronic-sinonasal-tract-inflammation-as-a-precursor-to-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-and-sinonasal-malignancy-in-the-united-states
#15
Eric L Wu, Charles A Riley, Mei-Chin Hsieh, Michael J Marino, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Edward D McCoul
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory states have been linked to the development of malignancy. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and allergic rhinitis (AR) have been associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in population-based studies in Asia. A similar association with NPC and paranasal sinus malignancy (PSM) has not been defined in a North American population. Our purpose was to investigate the impact of CRS and AR on the risk of NPC and PSM. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database was queried as a case-control study of adults ≥65 years of age...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549203/polymorphisms-in-the-melatonin-receptor-gene-promoter-and-their-associations-with-fertility-characteristics-in-buffalo-herd-in-eastern-amazon
#16
E M Barbosa, B B Souza, R C Guimarães, L K N Silva, J S N Azevedo, E C Gonçalves, H F L Ribeiro, S T Rolim Filho, E Silva Filho
Buffalo production is spreading globally because of its economic advantage. Then, it has become necessary to improve the reproductive and productive efficiency of these animals, as well as to look for genetic factors that increase this efficiency. The objectives of this study were to characterize the promoter region of the melatonin 1A receptor gene (MTRN1A), to detect possible SNPs and associate them with fertility characteristics, and identify binding sites of transcription factors involved in the regulation of genetic expression in buffaloes in the Amazon...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549190/newborn-care-practices-and-health-seeking-behavior-in-rural-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-study
#17
Betemariam Gebre, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Zinaw Taddese, Kebede Deribe, Tsigereda Legesse, Meftuh Omar
Background: Most of the newborn deaths in developing countries occur at home. Up to two-thirds of these deaths would have been prevented if mothers and newborns had received known and effective interventions. The objective of this study is to determine newborn-care practices and health-seeking behavior in rural Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Adadle district, Ethiopian Somali Regional State. A multi-stage random sampling technique was applied...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549180/relationships-among-self-perception-of-aging-physical-functioning-and-self-efficacy-in-late-life
#18
Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria H Raveis
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549167/parental-involvement-and-adolescent-smoking-in-vocational-setting-in-finland
#19
Hanna Aho, Anna-Maija Koivisto, Eija Paavilainen, Katja Joronen
The present study examined whether parental involvement in their adolescents' lives is associated with adolescent smoking in a vocational school setting when controlling for socioeconomic background and parental smoking. The study was conducted in spring 2013 and involved 34 776 Finnish vocational school students (mean age 17.6 years). The data were analyzed using multinomial regression. The results showed that lower parental involvement was significantly associated with adolescent daily smoking in both genders and with occasional smoking in girls...
May 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549160/the-diabetes-strengths-and-resilience-measure-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-dstar-teen-validation-of-a-new-brief-self-report-measure
#20
Marisa E Hilliard, Esti Iturralde, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Korey K Hood
 Despite the challenges of managing type 1 diabetes, many adolescents achieve optimal outcomes. A validated measure of diabetes-specific strengths is needed to measure adaptive behaviors and attitudes associated with overcoming challenges and achieving "resilient" outcomes.  Baseline data from 260 adolescents (age 14-18 years, M  = 15.7 ± 1.1, 60% female, 33% Non-Caucasian, M A1c = 9.1 ± 1.9%) and caregivers in a behavioral intervention trial were analyzed to evaluate psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report Diabetes Strengths and Resilience measure for adolescents (DSTAR-Teen)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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